BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THI DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 275 Blythovllle Courier Blythevtlle Dully News Blythevllle Herald Mississippi Valley Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1955 SIXTEEN PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Assembly Gets First Racial Bill Measure Aimed At Delaying Integration By RAY STEPHENS LITTLE ROCK (AP) _ A group of legislators from the cotton-growing delta of east Arkansas claim they have devised a plan to evade the U. S. Supreme Court's decision outlawing racial segregation in public schools. They introduced their plan in both houses of the General Assembly yesterday and one of the authors, Sen. Fletcher Long of Forrest City, predicted that it would pass. Long said the bill seeks to maintain segregation—or at least delay integration — by empowering a school official to assign each pupil to a specific school, and setting up complicated procedures for appeal- Ing the assignments. Will Delay Integration "We believe mat me Dili will at least delay Integration in the schools," said Long. "The U. S. Supreme Court has said that no cases of discrimination may be appealed to federal court until all state remedies have been exhausted. Heretofore there have been no state remedies available and we simply are trying to establish some remedies." Long said he devoted considerable study to the bill and is convinced It will not violate the U.S. Constitution. Under current law, the parents of any child can appeal to the local school board if they don't like the school to which their child is assigned. If the school board fails to meet their objections, the parents then can appeal directly to federal court. Would Change Procedure Long said his bill would change this procedure in two ways. It would allow anyone to appeal the assignment of any child to a! specific school, and it would establish the appeal, procedure. The senator said sponsors of the bill hope it will settle complaints of discrimination at the local level by making the appeal procedure too long and too cxcpn.sivc, Under the bill, appeal would have to be taken first to the school board of education, Circuit Court, Arkansas Supreme Court, and finally the U. S. Supreme Court. Tfte bill also would require each school district to appoint an "assignment officer," who would have the power to assign every pupil to a specific school. These assignments now are mhde by the county school supervisor, but the only factor taken into consideration are geographical location and race. Long's bill would require thai many factors be taken into con- Mrs. Calvert back to normal. Diagnosis Saved a Heart— A Blytheville woman credits the diagnosis of a heart ailment as mitral stenosis by the Mississippi County Heart Association, Heart Clinic here with enabling her to once again lead a normal, happy life. Mrs. Steve Calvert of 2336 Carolyn St. learned of her condition from the clinic and then underwent surgery at Barnes Hospital in St. Louis. Mrs. 'Calvert, a farmer's wife, said she was glad to return to normal activities after suffering since childhood with mitral stena- sis, a scarring of the opening between two of the chambers of the heart, generally an after effect of rheumatic fever. The Heart Fund drive which started this week was warmly praised by Mrs. Calvert. She has been active in promotion of the drive. Mississippi County will receive half of all the money donated during this fund raising drive. (Courier News Photo). Lad Meets Death WhileDiggingCave Robert Halpain, 15, of Double Bridges missing since Monday afternoon, was found by his father yesterday, smothered to death in a cave of his own making, according to E. M. Holt, Mississippi County coroner. * Young Halpain Dates Are Set For X-Ray Unit Free Chest Exams Will be Given Starting In Lcachviile April 5 Dates for the regular visit of the mobile x-ray unit were roleasec today by Mississippi County's Tuberculosis Association. Thr unit first comes to the county in April 5 when it visits Leach- vi lie. Hours for all visits will be 9 to 12 a.m. and 1 to 4 p.m. except at Armorel where thc unit wiJJ be from 8:30 until 11:30 and the Blytheville No. 2 Fire Station stop where it will be stationed from 11:30 until sideration, including "welfare and 4^ • of the child and.. ' best interest the district;" the location of the child's home in relation to the school: health and moral factors; the aptitude, previous school training and home environment of each child, and "nny and all factors which thc assignment officer may consider pertn.nl...in Lhnr effect on the welfare and best interests" of the child and the public. Declined Answer The senator declined to answer a nuc.stion about whether administration of the bill would be discriminatory since it would huve (ho effect of continuing racial segregation. fie 'said provisions ol the bill would be mandatory, but that the few Arkansas districts which have integrated races could continue to operate on a non-segregated basis. In Blytheville and Osceola, ctos- im,' times will be extended until 4:30. Here's the schedule: April— 5. Lcachviile. 6, Manila. 8, Armorel, 8, Blylheville. \V. End 9. U. 12, Blytheville. 13, Luxora. N. 15, Osceola. 18. Wilson. If;, Joiner. 2:. Dyess. 21, Keiser. 22, West Ridge. House Gets Property Tax Equalization Bill Governor Tells Schools: Show The Taxpayers LITTLE ROCK WPj — If school forces can convince the Legislature "without pressure* 'that the people are willing to pay higher The Legislature also got the first htxr.s, then they can expect more of a series of bills designed to state aid for education, Gov. Orval brinp about equalization of local properly assessments and increase property taxes. A joint House-Senate committee set up to study the problem introduced thc bills, which require a new assessment of all roal personal property before .Inn. 1. 11)57. Under the bill, the state Public Service Commission would be cm- powered to "supervise" the re-ns- sessmcnt, and to withhold state old from any county, city or school district which failed to bring its assessed valuation up to 18 per cent. R says assessments shall be figured at 20 per cent of roal value, but allows for the two per cent deficit. If nny political sub-division should fail to attain thc Ifl per cent goal, the PSC could (1) arbitrarily raise the assessment to 20 per cent; (2) withhold stale old In the amount of the deficiency. For example, if a county's n.s- Rcsficd valuation was placed at 16 per cent, Its deficiency would bo four pei' cent, and a fifth of its stole aid would be withheld, Melton Gives Up Sen. Marvin Melton of .Jones- horo RJWO up his fight to win approval this session of his con- Irovorainl water rights bill. Melton withdrew thc bill nnd offered in its place a proposal for a two-yenr atudy of tho problem by nn official Faubus said hist night. Faubus said that he believes legislators "are reasonable men who can be persuaded by a fair rep rescnUition of your case." Kaubus met with the group that Is advocating an additional 12 million dollars per year in aid to schools. Bill to Increase Benefits Defeated LITTLE ROCK </P) — An attempt to increase workmen's compensation benefits was beaten In tho House today. Thc bill, by Rep. Jack Yates of Franklin County, got 58 votes to 2f) against but that wasn't enough. Yfltcs' bill would have increased the maximum benefit for death or total disability from $8,000 to $13,500; would have Increased the maximum weekly rate from $25 to $30, and would increase the maximum period for payment from 450 to 500 weeks. Bargaining Goal WASHINGTON — A 35-hour week instead of the .present 40 hours for telephone operators Is Its top bargaining goal for 1955, the CIO Communications Workers of Seo ASSEMBLY on Pugc 2 America has announced. didn't return home Monday night and his parents assumed he had spent the night at the home of one of his friends. When he didn't return home Tuesday after school was dismissed, his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Louis Halpain, began to inquire. Wednesday morning a search was begun. Mr. Halpain, who lives on the R. C. Langston farm at Double Bridges, inquired about his son's whereabouts from some of his friends and learned that he had been digging a cave in a levee near his home. When Mr. Halpain found his son, he wa.s buried under about 500 pounds of sand, which had snuffed out his life. Young Halpain, still had a knife in his hand when he was uncovered and apparently he had cut a root or some other supporting element of roof ol the cave, while digging. Robert leaves his parents, three brothers and three sisters. Punerai arrangements are incomplete. House Calls Tariff Bill For Debate Supporters Are Confident Of Victory WASHINGTON (AP) — Supporters of President Eisenhower's program to boost free world trade by cutting tariffs expressed confidence they held the upper hand today as the House called the measure up for debate. Both Democratic and Republican floor leaders backed the proposal. But a sizable group of Insurgents in both parties promised a last- ditch fight before final action, ex- [ pected late tomorrow. The Senate ; has noi acted. : To Try Gag Rule '• Foes planned first to try today ! to upset scheduled procedure— they call it "gag rule"—which j would limit the opposition to offer- ! ing: only one amendment. 7'hey j have a long series of trade-restrict- i ing ideas they would like to offer, j Failing that, opponents plan to j concentrate tomorrow on the sin- >. gle amendment allowed them. Both ! sides agreed the President's basic ; 'program would pass and the big ! question was whether it would be i amended. Will Extend Power NEA Denounces Ike's School Aid Plan; Asks 'Genuine Federal Help' WASHINGTON (AP) — The National Education Assn. today denounced President Eisenhower's school aid program and pleaded for "some genuine instead of token" federal help to give every school child a desk. WilJiam G. Carr, Nea's executive Inside Today's Courier News . . . Paps Win in District Tourney as Quarter Finals Get Underway Today . . . Three Missco Teams in Finals of District B Junior Tournament at Dell Tonight . . . Chicks Play Paragould Here Tomorrow Afternoon , . . Sports . . . Pages 6 and 7 ... . . . Flight States, Including Arkansas, Ready to Go Under Ike's School Aid Plan . . . Last of a Series . . . Page 2 ... secretary, said the administration measure, keyed primarily to., federal aids to state and local financing rather than outright grants, "gives our schools much too little aid and much too much control" by the federal government. Dulles Forsees More Friendly Soviet Leaders Says Reds Stopping Formosa Settlement See Related Story Page 2 ie 10 Fete of Feed lax Measure Today Bearden's Motion For Consideration Wins Approval The bill would extend for three more years the President's power to negotiate reciprocal trade agree- j monts, and to make further cuts i in tariffs on foreign goods coming j into the United States in exchange i for trade benefits to American: . .. ... . products abroad. ! to take the two per cent sales tax Stiff opposition limited action! off poultry and livestock feed, last year to a one-year extension j The Senate is committed to take of the law with no additional tar- i up ihe bill early this afternoon as a special order of business. Sen. J. Lee Bearden of Leachville yesterday won approval of a motion for immediate considera- . tion of the measure after he told cent each year below the j the Senate that it was holding up in effect next July 1. In j action on several other bills. In t?stimony prepared for the Senate Labor Committee, Carr said of the administration program: "The purpose of the bill is stated . ^ ^^ jtivj as being 'to provide assistance of j ca n"be"settied If" Red*" a substantial and effective nature/ ; renounce tnc use of for. Ii will not provide such assist- j ance." ; The NEA is a prnfp.-sional or- ! :>:.n;z;iU';n of educator:-. ! Sen. Hill *D-Alai, chairman off the Labor Committee, Kiid that a j full day of ipstimony by Secrp'ary j of Welfare Hobby, had failed to < change his mind thai Ei.'ienho'.ver's i plan is "too little and too late." j "Working Partnership" i Mrs. Hobby testified yesterday i that the administration program ! "wil! enable the American people | 10 form a work in E panneiT-hip I asm? private, local, state nnd fed- I , , eral dollars to build badly needed \ lhe Umted Slalc «- Cnou tnreatened. school's " i a " Dulles put it. to use all the By JOHN' M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON (AP) — .Secretary of State Dulles says a power struggle in Moscow eventually will, produce Russian leaders with whom the United States can make "practical agreements" to ease world tensions. He also says the Formosa crisis I Reds to reconsider a United Na- China will •ce to capture National is!-held islands. Diplomats notrd ihsi the .socre- iarv's speech IfiPt *iiaht to the Foreign Policy As.sn, in New York was calm and peaceful in tone but firm against spread of communism in any important new areas of Asia. N Deliberate Tone Dulles apparently took this tone deliberately in contrast to recent warlike speeches .by Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov and Red Chinese' Foreign Minister Chou En-la i. Molotov denounced iff-cutting powers- ! With much of the tariff-cutting ; authority under the present law j exhausted, the bill would permit j the President to reduce all rates j 5 per levels The administration program cen- LITTLE ROCK ijfl . The Ar- i.ers on a plan to assist states and fcansas Senate today will decide j local. communities to issue bonds he fate of an administration bill; which school districts cannot now sell, either because they cannot find commercial buyers at reasonable interest rales or because they are already fully bonded. It calls also for a three-year, 200-million-do!lar fund for direct forces at his command" to capture Formosa. As for the Formosa problem, Dulles said the United States "has no commitment and no purpose" to defend such islands as Quemoy and the Maisus "as such." But he msde clear that it might well ficht over Quemoy and Matsu if any Communist attack on them aid for school districts which can- j was aimed at -the conquest of Chi- not be helped under the bond pro- i an? Kai-shek's Formosa. gram. S Dulles appealed to the Chinese some cases he could make bigger j Compromise Bill cuts. Th e bill represents a compromise Help to Allies < between representatives of the Eisenhower has argued this • poultry industry in northwest Ar- would be a vital step to help U.S. i kansas and the forces, who earlier allies sell more goods here, help Americans sell more products abroad, and thus bolster the economy of the entire anti-Communist alliance. It would also strengthen military power and political unity, he contends. Opponents argue that increased imports of cheaper foreign goods will wreck many competing American industries, bringing economic distress and unemployment instead of boom. GOP Approves San Francisco Convention Site Dixon-Yares Asks PSC Permission To Sfarf Plant LITTLE ROCK i/?i— The Dixon WASHINGTON I/P)—The Republican National Committee today unanimously ratified the selection of San Francisco as the site for the- GOP national convention 1956. Approval was by a voice vote. The committee approved a resolution submitted by a sue subcommittee calling for convening of . the convention i n the huge Cow Yates power combine has asked j Palace in the West Coast city the permission of the state Public Serv-i week beginning Aug. 20, 1956. ice Commission to start donstruc-1 J . The . action came after a brief tion of its embattled power pant dlscusslon during which commit at West Memphis, Ark. and hopes ! ecmon from Pennsylvania and II- 1 • linois expressed regret that the party could not meet in Philadel phia or Chicago, other main con- this session, defeated a bill to remove the tax from feed, seed and fertilizer. The compromise bill passed the House by- a big: majority The poultry industry is backing the bill which they say is neces- sa a Seven Men Held !n Series of Thefts Seven Lepanto Negroes were being held today in Blytheville and Osceola county jails on investigation of the tions Security Council bid t,o discuss a Formosa cea.se-fire. "It is hardly to be expected," he said, "that the Chinese Com- mum.sts will renounce their ambitions. However, iniprht they not renounce T.heir efforts to realize their goals by force?" Distinction .Must Be Made Discussing the Russian situation, he said a distinction must always be made between the Soviet government and the Communist party. "The time may come—1 believe it will come," he said, "when Russians of stature will patriotically put first their national security an the welfare of their people. "They will be unwilling to have that security snd that welfare subordinated to the worldwide ambitions of international communism. "If their point of view should prevail, then indeed there could be a basis for worthwhile negotiation and practical agreement between the United States and the I new Russia," Didn't Speculate The secretary did not speculate within what period of time. "Russians of stature" might seize power from those whose first dedication, he said, is to "international communism." Dulles . said the demotion of Georgi Malenkov as premier 10 days ago and the elevation of Nikolai Bulganin to succeed him provided -"an extraordinary demonstration of Despotic disarray." "The Prime Minister of the Soviet state," he said, was pre- emp'torily summoned to a high ary to allow them to compete on reported SI 800 burglary at Marie Feb. 4, and seve: n equal basis with chicken pro-1 f tn ft j Mississippi County and Poinsett IUC ers m neighboring states which ^ , Rprrvman % fivfia , firi Jt odav. and several other do not levy a sales tax. The bill has been opposed on the ground i that it would cost the state some- ! where between a million and three ! million dollars annually in revenue, j Most Senators contracted this morning felt that the vote on the' bill would be close, but none of them would predict either victory or defeat for the measure. Sheriff William Berryman revealed today. '• Five of the suspects were in the Blytheville jail and two were at for a decision before March 10. An attorney for the Mississippi Valley Generating Co.—the Dixon- Yates combine — filed the request for a certificate of convenience and necessity. Willis H. Holmes of Little Rock said he would ask for an immediate hearing. tenders for the host city. The Democrats have picked Chicago for their 1956 convention, starting either July 23 or Auc. 13. GOP National Chairman Leonard Hall headed the GOP site sub- r Holmes said plans call for drill- committee which Announced yes- ing of test, holes on the proposed i terday it would recommend San foundation sites within 10 days. | Francisco to the full committee. 700 Aged Women DJe in Agony As Fire Hits Yokohama Home By JOHN RANDOLPH YOKOHAMA, Japan Wl — About 100, ,nged women, died in flaming agony today when a flash fire roared through a Roman Catholic old ladies' home before dawn. There were only 4G survivors, police said. Nearly all were burned or injured in Jumps from the, second floor of their two-story wooden dormitory, declared a fire hazard 1853. Several were in critical conditiqn. "I could do nothing," a survivor cried. "I can hear their screams, Hot! . . . Hot! . , . Help! . . . Help!' " From 60 to 96 The Inmates were mainly pitiful old Japanese women without fani- lles. Their ages ranged from 60 to 00. It was Japan's worst building Ire since the Pacific war air raids. Sister Umcko Suglyama, 42, a nun, died when she dashed back nto thc burning building to carry out another of her charges. The home, a converted Japanese army barracks, wns part of the :onvcnt of the Garden of Our Lady, belonging to the Francisco Mis-; 'sionarles of Mary, an international I Catholic order. Yokohama police said the blaze apparently started with defective wiring at 4:30 a.m. Heat and sparks ignited a two-story chapel and two other buildings. They too burned to the ground. The main convent housing 101 nuns and novices, mainly Japanese, was spared. Led Others Out In thc Yokohama National Hc*- pital, thc suffering survivors mingled Christian "Our Lady" and "Amens" with chants of "Namu amlda butsu" — the Buddhist prayer of mercy for the dying. Chlho Hamada, 86, told how the oldest resident, 06-year-old Mrs. Machl Okuni, died. "We were awakened—only to see flames and smoke all around, "Okunl-san looked about her and said, 'T am old enough to die.' "Then she held tip her bed quilt lo keep tho flames buck and let the others escape." Firemen spread rnatlres.se.s find implored thc old women to jump. Some did. Others were loo feeble. Many were hnrd of hearing and woke only when flames approached them. i Work Lauded Soviet session in the Kremlin and | subjected to the public humiliation i of hearing another read his resignation and his confession of 'my guilt/ " The full significance of what hap- Osceola. Two of the seven are mi- < pened is -still obscure, Dulles said, nor?, Sheriff Berryman said.. | an d "perhaps the last act of the In Blytheville jail were Arthur j drama has not yet been played." Thompson, Jr., 29, arrested in Le! panto Monday, and three men ar- Quanrity,QualityCired; | ^^l***^. Bcn Chrysler Job Started Albert Miller, 25. A Negro known only as Booker Enthusiastic reports concerning ' was in Osceola jail. The two youths production quantity and quality | held_ continued to come from Metal Products executives today, plant Manager Riley R. Quicli II. F. Kellems India Topic Of Explorer Club Session Atomic Tests Rescheduled For Friday LAS VEGAS. Nev. After are brothers. One is a Central, Blytheville, the other at Osceola. Related The two are related to Booker told the Courier News that this. an d Thompson by marriage. Sher-! three postponements, chances for week, the company produced its iff Berryman said. | the opening of the 1955 atomic test first Chrysler products and show- Tne s h er jff sa j<j Thompson had : series tomorrow morning appeared cd best cost on finished parts. admitted taking part in the Marie brighter today because the Atomic In a message to employes. Mr. | b lirp j ar y j n which approximately, Enerpy Commission has an ace in Quick said. "Halfway through the i J^JQQ " in merchandise, mostly ] the hole. month we are having by far the i w hiskey. was reported taken. The AEC disclosed yesterday best production month we have Two cases of w hj s key from .the! that, beginning tomorrow, it has a ever experienced. I robbel .j. were f ound at Thompson's] "less sensitive" shot ready for det- "One shift just turned in the j home when he was arrested, Sher- i onation in addition to the one which best day we have ever had, cost- iff Berryman said. I has thrice been canceled since wise, producing 4572 salable long other merchandise, including Tuesday, parts. i se veral watches, has been recov- "The cost of packing on each box was less than we have eevr evpe- rienced before. ered which connects the men to the Idaho Grocery Co. robbery of last November, Sheriff Berryman "Our first production run on the; salc ^ and t h ere are strong indica- Chrysler job . . . was small quantity but the quality was ex- i tj ons thai the group was involved number of other cases in ed. Homer Flint Kellenis. nationally known lecturer, explorer, world traveler and professional cd today she photographer. will speak Friday night at a meeting of the Explorers Club at 7:00 in the Hotel Noble, cellent. In addition, we produced j Mississippi and Poinsett Counties, Ford and a nice size order for Nash j he said. -Our quantity is good and our j No charges have been filed quality is the best we have ever j against Ule men pendin:; further investigation. Sheriff Berryman said. Poinsett County officers cooperated with Mississippi County officials in the Lepanto arrests. The original shot was slated to ba exploded from a 500-foot tower on yucca Flat with 1.100 military men in trenches 4,000 yards away. Continuing cloudiness and high winds aloft, coupled with sprinkles of rain in the Las Vegas area, forced the third postponement last night. produced and is still Improving." Late Bulletins— LONDON gen bombs. »i—Britain announc- will develop hydro- BERN. Switzerland IIP) — The Swiss government declared today the four anticommunists who in- Recently reverted to reserve sta- ] ; ^ Romanian Legation and Ui.s after eight years service-four m ^ & chauffeur tt . ou , d swnd trla , of them in Asia—Col. Kellems will present a film on India along with narration of the more Interesting parUs. Colonel KeUems lived in India two years. As a preliminary to his discussion of modern India, the colonel takes his listeners into the historical background of the nation. As educational officer for the India, China nnd Burma Division of the Air Transport Command, the Colonel \Vns awarded the Bronze Star for exceptional service beyond thc line of duty while on the "Hump" flight for 19 months. He made seven official films for thc War Deportment, Air Force find Nnvy. At one time Colonel Kollems was :he Chief of Troop In form nit on on MncArthur'x. General Headquarters Stflff in Tokyo. In clvlllnn life, Col. KeUems is a noted Arctic explorer and nationally known lecturer, who has commanded six expedition* to Alaska and the Arctic. before the courts of this traditionally neutral nation. A government statement said "under no circumstances" would the four be extradited, as demanded in bitter notes to Berp from the Communist regime in Bucharest. Tumbling Wall Kills 4 Firemen BALTIMORE (3>j — A tumbling «'ijll ol a burning downtown clothing store trapped and apparently killed six firemen early today. Two bodies were recovered. Four firemen were missing, The men were trapped as they battled a fire last night in a building on east Baltimore street. Farmers to Learn of Social Security in Osceola Meeting D. S. Collins of the Jonesboro So-} ducted on small grain storage and cial Security office will be on hand for a discussion on the Social Security program In the court house in Oscoold tomorrow nt 2 p. m. according to County Agent D. V. Maloch nnd Hays Sullivnn, president of Mississippi County Form Bureau. Farmers will get nn opportunity to lenrn how the Soclnl Security will benefit them and how It affects them. Tn addition to this phase of work production practice. The County ngent will outline the need for planning soils management programs to get the most out of fertilizer programs, Assistant Agent Thomas McKinlon will demonstrate Ihe first step in n soil analysis program. Tills meeting was planned by the Extension Service and the Farm Bureau.. Similar meetings are hoped to be a general discussion will be con-' held In Blytheville and Manila. Disaster Group Meets Tonight The Disaster committee of American Red Cross, Chickasawba Chapter, will meet tonight at 7:30 o'clock in municipal courtroom at City Hall, chairman Charles Moore announced today. Sub-committee chairmen are to make reports on committee members and on plans for action. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS— Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Friday. Little change in temperature. Saturday clearing and cold. High this afternoon mid 50s. Low tonight near 30. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy this afternoon and tonight becoming mostly cloudy and windy Friday; scattered showers Inte Friday or Friday niffht; wnrmtr west nnd north today and over stain, tonight; low tonight in the 30s; high Friday 55-60. Minimum this mornlhK — 34. Maximum ypHlrtniay— 62. , Snnrthfi tornorrnw— -ft:41 Sunset today— 5;45. Precipitation liuit. 24 hour* to 7 p.m. .. Prcrlpiuilon Jan, 1 to ThU Date Uii Year Maximum yesterday— Ad. Minimum thli morning— W, Prtclpiution January 1 to 10.24.
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