The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on February 16, 1955 · Page 7
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 7

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, February 16, 1955
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Page 7
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WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY, 1«, 1956 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE SEVEN Constitutions Hamper Ike's School Aid Plan In at Least Six States EDITOR'S NOTE — President Elsenhower has proposed a broad plan of federal aid for public , achools, pegged to strong participation by the states. The Associated Press polled iU state bureaus to determine which states would be In position to take advantage of the Elsenhower plan. This U the first of two articles summarlilnf the state reports. By HERMAN R. ALLEN WASHINGTON, Feb. 16 (AP) — At least six states might run into constitutional difficulties if they attempted to operate state school-building agencies, a key feature of President Eisenhower's federal aid to education plan. An Associated Press poll of state attorneys general, state school officials and other qualified persons shows that constitutions of these states either flatly prohibit establishment of such agencies or limit bonded indebtedness so as to make it questionable whether they could function. In nine other states the AP questionnaire disclosed, constitutionality of an authority or its bonding power has not been fully in vest ig EI ted. 8 States Have Agencies However, eight states already have school building authorities, or other agencies which already do or could exercise similar powers. In 11 states officials believe such an authority would be legal under both constitution and statutes right now. In 14 others, legislation of some Itind would be necessary. • The tally included all states except Delaware. Under the President's plan to attack the nation's shortage of more than 300,000 classrooms, the federal government would help state building agencies establish a reserve fund to cover bonds which the agencies would issue. The agencies would build schools with the bond money, and local school districts would buy them under a lease - purchase plan extending up to 30 years. Under another section of the Eisenhower proposal, now before Congress, the government would buy part of bond Issues from school districts which couJd not market them elsewhere at interest rates under 3 per cent. Miscellaneous Restrictions Districts in most states could take advantage of this, according to the AP survey, although miscellaneous types of restrictions are imposed by some states. Georgia districts, for example, could not do so if anttsegregation strings were attached to the government offer. A third phase of the Eisenhower plan would offer outright grants to states, on an average 50-50 matching basis, to help impoverished districts accept either of the other two offers. Again, most states apparently in bonding limits, although a few have laws which would restrict them. Nevada as a state could not accept such federal funds, although individual districts could. This would mean that most states could also make use of federal grants proposed in several other emergency school aid bills before Congress. These bills are confined to grants, on some state matching basis, for actual school construction. Laws Needed It is the constitutionality of state building agencies that gives rise to most of the uncertainty. Secretary of Welfare Hobby said at a news conference last week the Department nf Health, Education and Welfare had legal advice that such agencies would be constitutional in every state, although she acknowledged some states would have to pass laws to put them in business. Yet,,reports from both Oregon and Wisconsin say that school building agencies would be unconstitutional there, and the report from Nebraska says bonded indebtedness is constitutionally prohibited "at the state level." In Oregon a constitutional amendment could not be adopted before November 1956. In Wisconsin an amendment can be adopted only after it has been passed on by two sessions of the Legislature, which meets every two years —after which there must be a vote of the people. An amendment could go into effect in Nebraska in January 1957. The Elsenhower plan would cover three fiscal years, beginning next July 1, so these three states apparently would be out in the cold for a good deal of the time if they sought to come under the building agency provisions. Mrs. Hobby emphasized that the federal government would not require the states themselves to pledge their "full faith and credit" in issuing school bonds. In fact, the school building agency idea was conceived as a way of getting around state bond limits. However, returns from the AP poll indicate that in some states if a school-building agency sought to issue bonds it would have to be demonstrated that these were not could take advantage of this, with- In effect state bonds. This would be true in Kentucky, New York and Oklahoma. Statei Listed States where constitutionality has not been fully studied include Kansas, where the attorney genera] is doubtful of Virginia, which would require at least a statute to establish an agency; Minnesota; Ohio; Rhode Island; South Carolina ; Tennessee; and Wyoming The Arizona attorney general says a building agency probably would be constitutional. States which already have authorities are Georgia, Indiana, Maine and Pennsylvania. The Indiana agency is inactive at present, and the Maine agency has reached its legal bonding limit. In Florida, North Dakota. South Dakota and Arkansas, state boards of education exercise building agency functions. States where building agencies are legal or probably legal now are: Alabama, California, Iowa, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, Texas, Utah and Vermont. In Alabama, bond issues musi be approved by the voters. Iowa would have to have a new agency because no existing one has bonding power. Boys Trying Luck at Rocket Research BALTIMORE (ft— VALE Rocket Research, an organization of about 10 boys—most of them high school Juniors — hopes to send a homemade rocket a mile Into the air when It is launched Feb. 26. The youths have tried twice before. The engine of the Ilrst rocket exploded. Tile second fizzled out after traveling some 400 feet. This time they're readying an eight-foot stainless steel rocket which holds about 100 cubic inches of zinc and sulphur propellent. The space-minded lads hope the rocket will soar one mile, take a picture of the area with a built-in camera, then descend by parachute. The propectlle also carries a radio BIG MIDNIGHT SINGING CONCERT Thurs., Feb. 17 7:30 P.M. NATIONAL GUARD ARMORY Blytheviile, Arkansas in person * McDonald Brothers Quartet * Sunnyside Gospel Singers *The Harmonette Trio and others! Admission 50c and $1.00 Tickets on sale at th« door This Message Sponsored by BLYTHEVILLE WATER CO. Hubbard's February FURNITURE SUE Continues - - - With Many New Items Just Received! HERE'S YOUR OPPORTUNITY TO SAVE FROM 10% to 50% ON YOUR FURNITURE NEEDS. Remember, we have r«- ceived new merchandise every day since the sale started. If you have not visited us since the first days of the sale, it will pay you to come in again. We have received many new items of merchandise and marked them at sale prices. We invit* you to come in again . . . We're most sure we have what you want. BEDROOM SUITES 5-PC. 18th CENTURY MAHOGANY BED SUITE . Only one left and we want it to move. Has two night stands. Was $389.95, save $156 ... now only . 3-PC. LARGE POSTER BED SUITE. Slightly damaged. A real value at this sensational low price. Was $179.95, Save $90 now COUCH & HIDEAWAY SUITS HIDEWAY SOFA AND MATCHING CHAIR. Sofa has $39.95 mattress. Your old suite is worth $229.95. Save $130.00. Now 2-PIECE SLUMBER COUCH SUITES. In smart rose or green frieze. Were $149.95. Your old suite is worth $20 2-PC. SUITES, PLASTIC OR VELOUR. Only two left. Values to $149.95 LARGE 6-PIECE SUITES. Sofa bed, chair, platform rocker, 2 end tables, coffee table. Sold as is LIVING ROOM SUITES 2-PIECE KROEHLER LIVING ROOM SUITE. In fine red wool frieze. Curved front with fringe. It's been here too long. Was $279.95, trade-in $50 ... BIG SEVEN PIECE LIVING ROOM SUITE in red frieze. Couch, chair, step table, end table, coffee table with plastic top, 2 fiberglass lamps ... all for BREAKFAST SUITES 6-PIECE RED BREAKFAST SUITE. Size 36 x60x72. An extra large table. One of Hubbard's very special values ... all for. . . 5-PC. EXTENSION TABLE BREAKFAST SUITE. In green or gray. Four matching chairs. Was $59.95, save $15 now 5-PC. BREAKFAST SUITE. With four extra large flower back chairs. Was $99.95, save $30 Now 229 95 169 95 EXTRA SPECIAL! - - - We have accepted many trade-ins during this sale. Make us an offer for this used merchandise. COUCHES 2-Piece Living Room Suites No Chair to match Start at 4.95 9.95 Just Received! New Spring Samples of Fine Carpels Call and have our carpet salesman show them right in your home. New twists, tweeds, etc. Make your appoint- ment after stors hours if you desire. Let us measure and figure the complete job for you. PLATFORM ROCKERS LARGE HIGH BACK BERKELINE ROCKER. Covered in combination plastic and metallic tweed. Foam rubber Special GOOD PLATFORM ROCKERS. Upholstered in metallic tweed. Another Hubbard special value MATTRESSES and BEDDING BOX SPRINGS AND MATTRESS. Matching set. Regular $79.00 value, at a low, low price, both for ' • • • DINING ROOM SUITES 8-PC. 18th CENTURY MAHOGANY DINING SUITE. Table, 5 chairs, 1 arm chair, breakfront china. One only . . . extra special 224 95 12-FOOT MOHAWK CARPET Beautiful Beige Floral—Just Arrived Was 9.95 Per. Sq. Yd. — Save $3 Sq. Yd. NOW CASH TALKS AT HUBBARD'S - --ALWAYS HAS & ALWAYS WILL HUBBARD & SON Furniture Blytheviile Phone 3-4409

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