BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 274 Blythevllle Courier Blythevllle Daily News Blythevllie Herald Mississippi Valley Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 16,1955 Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Solon Raps Cutbacks in Cotton Acres Roberts Soys Cuts Causing Social Problem WASHINGTON (AP) — Cutbacks in cotton acreage "represent a very big loss to the small farmers and are resulting in a serious social problem," Rep. Roberts (D-Ala) said today. He said the condition Is caused "partially by the fact that the Department of Agriculture In making acreage cuts is taking some of the cutback from the planted acres of 1954 Instead of only from the allotted acres of 1954." Roberts gave this explanation: "As an example, let rne use a county in my own district—Talla- geda. Talladega's allotted acres for 1954 totaled 18,000. Its planted acres in 1954 totaled 14,500. The Department of Agriculture has now allotted Jt 14,000 acres for 1955. See Related Story Page 3 "In my opinion the cut should have been taken only from the allotted acres figure of 1954 (18,000) instead of taking some out in the actual planted acres of 1954 (14,500)." The average cut in the "cotton belt," Roberts said in a statement for the House, has been about 12 per cent, ^ "If a 12 per cent cut were taken from the figure 18,000," he continued, ''It would result in 15,840 acres. Cited Resolution "The sum of 1,840 acres divided into the four and five acre farms would mean that about 300 farms In Talladega County could get some cotton and It would alleviate the present necessity for these destitute farming families to depend on government rations. Roberts called the attention of the House to a resolution he has introduced which would increase the 1955 cotton allotments on farms receiving five acres or less. "I feel," he said, "thsit this resolution may do much to help the small, suffering farmer and I sincerely hope that it will soon have the favorable consideration of the committee on agriculture and the full House of Representatives." Pemiscot Has $759,000 Budget for '55 CARUTHERSVILbE — The Pemiscot County Court's budget for the calendar year of 1955 has been set at J159.929.14, according to the records of County Clerk Harold S. Jones. The biggest single expense will be officers' salaries arid the cost of supplies. Over $109.000 has been appropriated for that. The remainder of the money has been divided into amounts its follows: $10,045 for state institutions, S4.825 for Circuit Court expenses. $33.150 for the operation of county buildings and grounds and for paupers, and $2,515.00 for office equipment. Stabbing Victim Reported Better Carl Nelson, Negro, Is reported to be improving today in Blytheville Hospital after being in critical condition, following a stubbing which took place in the hospital ] alley. I Nelson was stabbed during an argument which occurred in the alley behind Blythevllle Hospital where Nelson is employed. Anna Mae Patterson, Negro, has been charged with assault with a deadly weapon in the stabbing. She Was released on n $250 bond and a hearing has been scheduled in the municipal court Saturday. i BRIEF MOMENT OF JOT — These Manila Junior High fans jumped for joy last night as their team pulled ahead of Trumann during the District 3A junior high tournament being run off here. But their happiness was brief as Manila dropped a 33-30 thriller to Trumann. BlytheviUe gets in action tonight. (Courier News Photo) Inside Today's Courier News . . . Chicks' Win String Broken by Rector in Upset . . , Alexander, Leach ville, Trumann Win Opening (jumcs of Class A Junior District Tourney . . . District 3B Junior I'lay In Quarter Finals at Del! . . . Other Tournament Kc- sulls . . . Sports . . . Pages 1213 ... . . . Constitutions Will Hamper Ike's School Aid I'lan in at Least Six States . . . First of a Two- Part Serif-s . . . Page 7 ... . . . Don't Understand Recent Soviet Shift? . . . Most of Us Don't . . . Editorial . . . Page G . . . Russia-Japan Peace Closer Red Concession Paves Way for Negotiations TOKYO I.'B—A Hussion concession today paved the way for peace negotiations between Japan and ind Soviet Union in New York— probably in the next few weeks/ In a note delivered directly to Prime Minister Ichiro Hatoyarna, [he Soviets waived their preference for Moscow or Tokyo as a meetinp; site and said they would agree to the lace "the Japanese ;overnnient considers most ade- Hinte." Foreign Office sources said procedural mailers would prevent the :lk.s beginning before the Feb. 27 0 omTftl election, and that Japan would stick to its earlier choice of "aw York. Japan told Russia officially Feb. 15 it felt New York was the best >lace. I'ichs New York "The Japanese government thinks New York, which is the sile of the United Nations headquarters—the center of world peace fi lives of both governments are stationed, is a roper and con- nnient plucc for nchicvemont. of i IIP purpose of the negotiations at issue," Japan snid. Russia made its reply today .going; outside orthodox diplomatic channels. Declined Comment Andrei Domini tsky delivered the Red note to Hatoyama at his family home—only an hour before the 73- year-old Prime Minister left for a four-day election tour of the Osaka area. SeAAo's Merger Plans Are Halted By H. L. YEAGER COOTER — Consolidation and reorganization of Cooler and Holland school districts came to an abrupt end here as a result of a meeting of patrons with the school boar.d last ni?ht. The meeting was called when the been reelected to his position with board was advised that patrons had the Holland District, it was an- agreed to discuss the issue and de- nounced. cide by a majority vote whether or not they should submit the proposition to voters. Following discussion of the plan, .. vote was taken. Eighty-three voted "no" and 3G voted "for." Following the meeting, Lewis Lester, president of the board, stated, "They gave the plan .serious consideration from many angles and it i was opera ting progressively and' satisfactorily." ! There was no unfriendliness, he j said, but parlous preferred to continue as nt present. Mr. Le.ster stated that the proposition is now dissmissed and that the Cooler Board would not therefore join Holland in a petition .for the plan to the County Superintendent and State Department of Education. He 5aid school patrons hnd decided the matter. Superintendent L. N. Kinder of Holland when informed of the Cooter verdict said. "It no doubt concluded the matter." He believed his district favored the prrposal by an apparent majority, although patrons had not gathered in a mass meeting to de- ririe.,, It was reported last weekend that patrons in Cooler District were seriously discussing the matter. It. was not a factional disagreement. The proposal was discussed from a creat many viewpoints. Two county .school board members .Frank Long and Dick Const- Faubus Refuses To Take Position On Highway Bill Bur Governor Doesn't- Believe Department Should Have Surplus LITTLE ROCK (J) — Gov. Orval Faubus today refused to take a position on a bill to divert surplus highway funds to cities and towns. but .said he believed that (he Highway Department should not have any -surplus money. "As long: a.s there are unp.ived roads in the stair of Arkansas, there .shouldn't be any surplus his news conference. Asked ir this statement indicates that he is opposed to the bill. Faubus replied: "No. tt misht be that the cities can prove ihat their need is greater than the need for road construction." In reply to another question, ui-ni ,r Tin IK. L,uuy HIIU UICK UOII.SL- i Faubus said that he didn't think ant. one state board member, T. A. passage of the bill by the Lesisla- Hauirard, and County Superintend- j ture would constitute proof of the ent Floyd E. Hnmlett attended the cities' ca.se. H-Bomb Danger Is Told By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON (AP) — If a hydrogen bomb of the type the United States tested almost a year ago should ex-t plode over your house, the! drifting poison cloud would I kill all exposed persons up to; 140 miles downwind. 1 Perhaps 5 to 10 persons would i die out of every 100 as far as 190 miles away in the direction the wind Was blowing. This deadly /one of radiation would be in the shape of a long cigar • up to 20 miles wide. There would be serious danger n n irea of 7,COO square miles. By comparison, the state of New Jersey contains 7,836 square miles. Shelter Will Help j , But, the Atomic Energy Coinis- : j sion <AEC> said late yesterday j I in reporting these estimates, any i j kind of shelter would reduce the' ! peril. ' ; I After intensive study of. .the j radiation effects from the H-bomb 1 detonated at Bikini Atoll in the jPr.cific last March 1, the AEG re[ ported that: | 1. An area about 140 by 20 miles I was so contaminated by radioac- ! live particles from the cloud drift| intr downwind that no one in it ! v.-ou!d have surved unless he fled | to shelter or took protective '! measures. 2. At a point 10 miles downwind from the detonation, the radiation was estimated at 5,000 roentgens, . the scale used to measure radia- j'tion, for 36 hours after the poison | rain had drifted past. For com: pariKon, 450 roentgens in one day can be fatal. 3. But, if a similar explosion occurred where people had warning. ' took shelter, were careful about fond and water and cleaned up as soon RS possible, the casualty list could be cut sharply. The intensity ! of radiation would be cut in half ; within an ordinary frame house, j even more in one of brick or stone. A basement would reduce radia- j tion effect to one-tenth. And an j old-fashioned cyclone cellar, covered with three feet of earth. would be completely safe "in even the most heavily contaminated area." Death at 160 Miles 4. At 160 miles away, contamination might bring death to 50 per cent of the people who failed to take protective measures; 5 to 10 per cent might die at distances as far as 190 miles. An accompanying statement by AEC Chairman Lewis L. Strauss appeared to dismiss contentions that hydrogen bomb tests are so dangerous that no more should be held. One paragraph said: t "Until the por libility of an atom- • ic attack against us is eliminated ; by a workable international plan j for general disarmament, the smdy • anci evauation of the effects of ' weapons which might b? used ; against us and the improvement' of our mo:>n.' of self-defense are a paramount duty ol our govern- • merit." i Rep. Durham <D-NC>. vice chair-; man of. the senaie-Hou5e Jamt Atomic Committee, told newsmen the AEC statement "shows the H- bomb is not as big a bugaboo as some people have ?aid ;it can be See H-BOMB on P.ige 16 Romanian Refugees Surrender Legation Rebels Give Up lo Heavily Armed Swiss Troops By LYXX IIEIN'ZERLIXG Business, Farm. Men. Criticize Some Points Of Ikes Economic Plan. BERN, Switzerland (AP) — By FRED s. HOFFMAN All three anti-Communists; WASHINGTON (AP) — Spokesmen for American busi- holding the barricaded Ro- ness an[ j f arm interests today lauded President Eisenhower's manrn legation here surren- ; economic philosophy as "admirable", but took issue with him on such specific issues as corporate tax reductions and minimum wage increases. —— —+ Henry G. Riter, III, president of surrendered without bloodshed today, j Capt.. Hermann Alboth of the i Swiss Army said there were only [ three men in the building at the j end and the fourth man was "only | a bluff." ; Police who entered, the legation after the three walked out, ending : their dramatic 42-hour occupation j of the legation, said the building was strew n with lorn-up Communist propaganda material, diner- : wise, they said, the building was not seriously damaged. The three men were between 27 . and 35 years of age. They refused to give their names. Police said the leader of the band told, them his father had been killed by the Russians in Romania. Chauffeur Killed The group, which slew the legation chauffeur when he resisted hold the legation buildings in thus capital of neutral Switzerland until their Red homeland freed five resistance leaders. The decision of the three to surrender was announced by Alfred Zehnder, secretary of the Swiss government's political department. The men walked out the front Formosa Fears Red Buildup On China Coast Communists Said Bringing Up Big Guns Near Mafsu TAIPEI, Formosa ( quarters here spoke > — Political today of a the National Association of. Manufacturers, told the Senate-House Economic Committee NAM "can heartily endorse" the basic philosophy outlined in the president's economic message to Congress last Jan. 20. Riter said Eisenhower's expressed intention to concentrate on policies looking to long-term economic growth was "economic statesmanship and vision of the highest order." Profits "Stagnated" But the NAM president spoke in the same prepared text of tha "pressing necessities" for corporate tax reductions to overcome what he terms "stagnation'' of business profits. Eisenhower has asked Congress to cancel a five per cent them early Tuesday, _had vowed to threatening Communist buildup on I drop in corporation income taxes the mainland, opposite Nationalist Chinese Matsu and Quemoy is- said they couldn't confirm it. The political sources said the Reds Were bringing up big guns to mainland points near Quemoy, and deploying troops opposite ,Mat- Cnoter meeting. The bill was mnendod yesterday The consolidation and re-organic- j by its sponsor Sen Lawrence tion with a centralized high school j Blnckwell "of Pine Bluff to make was favorably looked .upon by the sure l]iat no hiphway fund* would county and state departments. ' oc diverted to municipal aid un- Supermtendent L. E. ^nder^has ] c;w ] lnc Legislative Audit Com- I mil ten finds thai there is ?. pur- plus. Faubus refused to comment on the amendment. The governor earlier told a dele- aa'tion of city officials t'r <: .t he \vould veto t!ie bill unless they to him thai the plight of ios outweighs the need for new rond.s. Traffic Cases Heard Three traffic cases appeared on the municipal court docket today. Ray Phillips forfeited a $19.75 bond on a charge of speeding and P J '° v cd to him Blnn Henth forfeited a $5 bond on ' lne municipaliti The bill has been passed by the charge of running a red light. Jack Cooper pleaded guilty to a ass charge of driving while intoxicated, j nou.se, and supporters of the moa- and was fined $100 and costs and | .sure in the Senate pulled 17 votes sentenced to 24 hours in jail. to amend (he bill yesterday. If Cocktail, Income Tax Bills Beaten LITTLE ROCK t/PI—The House yesterday turned down bills which sponsors said held out the possibility of financially hard pressed Arknasas picking up an additional six millions dollars a year in new tax money. The lower legislative branch defeated measures which would have: 1. Permitted cocktail lounges In cities of 9,000 or more in wet counties, the bars to remit five per cent of gross receipts and a $1,000 A year license fee to the state for public schools. Backers said the added revenue would be around three million dollars annually. Revised Method 2. Revised the method of taking atate Income tfix exemptions so that — without nominally raising rates—2Mi to 3 million, dollars a year more might have boon realized In relums. The estimate WBS that of the nuthor, Rep. Clayton Little of Bnnton County, whose un- •uccesaful attempt to got his bill approved brought on an hour and a half debate. Little almost immediately introduced another bill to accomplish the same purpo.se.- Shortly before the House recessed overnight, it received a bill which Gov. Orval Faubus had approved In advance to Increase the sales tax from two to three per cent for n two-year period. 73.57 (o Schools Of the estimated 15 million dollars a year boost, public schools would got 73.57 per cent. Public welfare activities would get 8,93 per cent; the general allotment fund, from which mont state »c- tivltles arc supported, 0.71) per cent, and the University of Arkansas 6.08 per cent. The public health fund and state-supported colleRcs would get compnrnlively minute amounts — each less than one nor cent. Earlier, the House had approved by one vote a bill to require that persons chnrgcd v/fth collection of the two per cent sales tax remit' the exact amount collected if that is greater than the two oer cent gross. Prospective increased revenue was estimated by the bill's sponsors at a half million dollars yearly. 37-J5 for Rejection The House rejected the cock- tnl! lounge bill 37-15. It wns Introduced by Reps. W. H. Thompson of PoiasctL County nnd Don F. Jones Jr. of Pulaski County. Discussion of Llltle's bill for income revision brought echoes of the bitter House buttle over proposed exemption of poultry and livestock feed from'the sales tnx. Re]). I,. H. Autry of Mississippi County nnd other critics recalled that Little had been a lender for the feed exemption, which passed the House Feb. 3 but still Is pending In the Senate. Autry chnrgcd thnt about all Little's income tnx proposal could to wns replace revenue lo'H by SM ASSEMBLY on Page 16 they can hold the votes they now have and pick up one more, the bill can be passed. Weatl oer NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight find Thursday, scattered showers ending this afternoon. Cooler tonight, Friday occasional showers and colder. High this afternoon low to mid 60s. Low tonight low 30s. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight «nd TJiitr«i.i.v. A litle cooler this aftnrnoon niul tonight. Low tonight 2fls north to 30s south; high Thursday near 50. Minimum tills morning—51. Maximum ycstordny—87. Snnrlfltt tomorrow—fi:45. SHUSH todny—5:44. Prcclplintlon lust 24 hours io 7 p.m. —none. -15. Precipitation .Ian. 1 lo tl;it(!~3.1M. Tills Date Las! Yrar Mnxtmum ycaterdny—75. Minimum thin mornlnic—.VV Prod nit n lion Jnminry i to dnlc — 10.16. su. Quemoy and Matsu block the . Red harbors of Amoy and Foo- door of the legation and between | cnow files of police .stepped inio a v&\\- j ' Bombing Possible ing police patrol wagon. They were | Most quar ters here felt it is en- effectively shielded from the view j tu-ely possible the Reds might un- of almost all nonofficial spectators. ; i eas jj a big bombardment of Que- The group had been given an i mov before the Manila Pact na- uilimatum to -get out or fight. I lion " 5 open "their conference in Swiss .tank officers surveyed the' Bangkok Feb. 23. legation area and rifle - armed | There were no reports of any iroops ringed the grounds. The ul-j m ,j ltar y ac tjon in the offshore i$- timatum. first set for 11 a.m.. war, j ] nnc j s 'from Nanchishan in the scheduled for April 1. Dr. Emerson P. Schmidt, economic research director of the U. S. Chamber of Commerce, said in his prepared statement the President's economic philosophy and policy "on the whole are ad- extended io 4 p.m. 110 a.m. EST' ; after the men showed their first j signs of giving up. , j The extension was announced aft- i nonh io Quemoy. Some Ailing ship carrying: 700 mirable." But he was critical of Eisenhower's public housing, minimum wage and certain other recommendations. AFBF in Agreement Charles B. Shuman, president of the American Farm Bureau Federation, told the committee, "We are in agreement with the general pnilo?ophy expressed in the (.President's) report." But in bis prepa red sta tement, j Shuman opposed Eisenhower's re- ivilians '• Quest to raise the minimum wage from Nanchishan arrived in Kee- er Bern Police^ Commissioner Otto • j uri g harbor. Many were depend- Kresse conferred for more than un : rn .~ of .servicemen. The ship also hour with the men. Two of them ; 1:rcU! , ht 0 - DOU t 100 Nationalist sol- were reported . willing to give up immediately. An, official ?.°.iri the • See ROMANIAN on Page 16 , some requiring medical care and others brought to Formosa on rnMtion. Nationalist quarters repeatedly hi-.ve emphasized that, Chiang Kai- .-r.ek's forces do not intend from 75 to 00 cents an hour and to bring more workers under the wace floor law. He also came out against any increase in federal spending for highway improvement,. The Senate - House Economic Committee has been taking testimony from la bor. business and ! c'ber erouns in connection wi'h its the as Carnal Abuse Charge Is Filed Against Negro j A Dell Negro has been charged in : Circuit. Court here with carnal abuse i of a Negro t:irl from near Dell. | Benny Joe Ropers was named in ; information filed with the Circuit: Clerk Monday by prosecuting attor- • ney Terry Shell chargine carnal' abuse of the girl on Dec. 4. .1954. j Rogers is free on si.000 bond. j CoHege Course Meeting Set Persons interested In participating in an Arkansas State College extension course wiU meet in Blythe- j ville Junior .High at 7 o'clock tomorrow night to discuss details of the course. County Supervisor of Schools John | Maycs today said Dean W. J. Turner [ of Arkansas State will be on nan 1 to meet with the group. House Requests A^A to Reshuffle All Its Districts LITTLE ROCK oP) — The House toctoy requested the St.re Board of Education to institute a re-.-hmiling of the state's school districts. The board would divide the state into four sections on a basis of area and population. In each section a 15-member commission would be appointed to study possible realignment of school disiricts in order io correct "errors and C. of C. Meetings Are Scheduled The Fire pir-vermon Committee. i of 'he Blyth^viile Chamber of Com' rr.crce '.viU - meft this afternoon at ' 4-GD :n the Chamber's office in City Kail, Worth Holdrr, chamber scc- retary-manacer, announced today. i Chairman Bill Williams will pre| side over the- meeting. ' Mr. Holder also said the regular ' meeting of the Chamber of Com! mercc board will be held tomorrow i afternoon at 2:30. 'Beauty Week 7 Is Proclaimed R. Jackson. | pQJicg BlytheviUe beauty parlors during i the week will give free beauty serv- j ice to children of welfare patients, i ( , was reported. .The commissions would report io the board. j The week of Feb _ 20 has ^en | The board in turn would report ' proclaimed Beauty Salon Week in j its findings io the 1957 Legislature ; Blytheville by Mayor E along with recommendations for necessary legislation. Rep. Russell Roberts of Faulkner County, the sponsor of the resolu- Hon. said the proposed study would not break down the state's consolidated school system but would merely aid in affecting necessary improvements. Rep. C. L. Durrctt of Union County introduced n bill which would abolish present school districts and set up county-wide districts. The result would be to substitute 75 districts for the present 423. The new districts would be supervised by five-member boards. they did [ study of Eisenhower's report on in? nation'? economic health. This was to be rne committee's last public se.~":nn. Both nptomistlc Both Riter and Schmidt looked to the future with optimism. "Businessmen confidently anticipate economic crowth. and what is mare important, they are preparing; for growth," Riter said. "Business is investing; in new plant equipment to meet the expanded demand expected in the future." He said "signs are multiplying-" thai the economy is well on its way upward. Schmidt called "well timed" and -appropriate" a government policy of easing credit during what he described as the "moderate" business decline last year. He credited this credit easing and a seven- billion-dollar federal tax cut with helping to "mitigate recession," KEA Bor Group Meets Tomorrow Northeast Arkansas Bar Association has called its regular midwinter meeting for Osceola at 2:30 tomorrow, Association President Jim Hyatt announced today. Members of the seven-county Association will meet at the Seminole Club. Police Chief John Foster said today he erroneously "identified two white men, as Neproes. yesterday in a re-port concerning the two men who gave themselves up to Blytheville police Monday night." The two men were reported to be white by Chief Foster today. Robert D. Doyle and Bill Kennon surrendered to police here, confessing the robbery of the P.C. Sunday grocery store in Memphis . They were returned to Memphis yesterday by Memphis city police. Mayor Invited To Luncheon Mayor and Mrs. E. R, Jackson .ire nmong mldsouth mayors who arc lo be guests of WHBCJ-TV Thursday at a luncheon In Hotel Peabody In Memphis Thursday. Mayor Jackson is to meet movie ..nd television slar Thomas MtU-h- cll and Is scheduled lo appear on the Lndy of the House program at :30 p.m. Gen. Hull in Korea SEOUL lai—Oen. John E. Hull arrived today from his Far East Command headquarters In Tokyo 'or a routine one-day visit with South Korea Defense Minister Sohn Won U. Women Cause Liability Rate Drop KANSAS CITY (.# — Automobile liability insurance rates are coming down today in 39 states—and it's young" women drivers, not the men, who are primarily responsible. Firms that are members of the National Bureau of Casualty Underwriters are reducing the rates, in certain classifications, from 9 lo 32 per cent. The reduction is expected to apply to about 25 per cent on private passenger cars insured by the c:)mpnnics, Training Credited The snfe - driving record of women under 25 Is one of the principal factors involved. John M. Nuchols executive secretary of the Insurance Agents Assn, here, said recognition of their record plus a 10 per cent rate credit given to Rraduntcs of high school or college driver train- ing courses are primarily responsible for the change. "The classification plan has been revised to recognize that the family car is a less Hazardous risk when the youthful drivers are young' women rather than young men of the family," NuckoLs said. But don't feel too unhapy, fellows. Nuckols went on to exlain that it mainly "is a matter of reduced exposure, "Young women usually have the use of the cars less frequently than the young men, particularly during the very hazardous evening hours, and, generally speaking, the young women are more frequently accompanied by responsible older people." Here are some of those benefiting from the lower rates: 1. Nonbusliiosfl family oars wlUi women operators under 25 but no men drivers under 25—reduced 23 per cent. The reduction is 9 per cent if the cars are used for business purposes. 2. Nonbusiness cars of married couples with children where the husband \s over 26 and the wife under 25—reduced 23 per cent and 9 per cent if used for business purposes. 3. Nfinbuslness cars of married couples without children where the husband is over 25 but the wife under 25—-reduced 32 per cent and 20 per cent If used In bufll- ness. 4. Cars of married couples with-out children where the husband Is under 25—reduced 13 per cent, The District of Columbia alao Is Included In the new rates. Th« full list of 30 states Involved WM not available b«r«.
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