Page 1 article text (OCR)
BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF KORTHEA6T ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 274 Blythcvllle Courier Blytheville Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1955 TWELVE PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS L .ju_ - - I'LAN DISTRICT TOURNAMENT — Blythe- vllle school officials were all set today for the District 3A Junior Basketball Tournament which begins at Haley Field Gymnasium at 6 o'clock tonight. The tournament, first such district event ever to be'held at Blytheville, will continue through Saturday with seven sessions scheduled. Going over last minute details are Heft to right) Junior High School Principal T. A. Woodyard, Junior basketball Coach Bill Stanci! and High School Principal W. D. Tommey. (Courier News I'liolo) Delegates Learn at Hearing — Sen. Humphrey Calls For Policy Statement On Chinese Island By ROWLAND EVANS, JR. WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn) said today Chiang Kai-shek's broad hint that he expects the United States to help defend Quemoy and the Matsus makes it essential that the Eisenhower administration state its policy clearly. , Humphrey disclosed in an inter-* view that he had written to Secre- • tary of State Dulles last week asking for a public statement of the "precise position and policy" of the administration toward these islands just off the Bed China coast. Expects U.S. Aid Now. Humphrey said, Chiang's comment at a Taipei news conference yesterday "makes it all the more essential that Mr. Dulles put the record absolutely straight." Chiang said "in no case" would Quemoy and the Matsus be abandoned, and made it plain he expects U.S. forces to help defend them. The administration has declined to make a public commitment, although reportedly willing to help with defense of the Islands if there should be an attack as conditions stand now. President Eisenhower has said he will reserve to himself any final decision. Some concern has been expressed that the Red Chinese may ,„„.,.,....., ; attempt a probing action, unwilling: regardless of racial, tribal, voca- communist resistance in Romania j Communist China Plans Drafting OflS-Ycar-Olds Peiping Radio Tells Of Reds' Program For Home Defense j TOKYO i/B— Red China's Peiping radio tonight broadcast details of L proposed ' conscription law to ear-olds for at least three Romanian Rebels Take Bern Legation Building ¥¥*¥ #¥*¥ Small Band Vows to Hold Offices Until 5 Political Prisoners Freed BERN, Switzerland (AP) — A band of Romanian resistance fighters barricaded themselves in Communist Romania's legation buildings here today after a 2 a.m. assault which killed the legation chauffeur and drove the entire staff into the street. They vcnvcd to hold the legation, located in a large park at the western edge of the city, until the Bucharest government frees five persons held as political prisoners. '•Wo have nothing to lose bui mueller sfiid. ioners held within Romania, our lives." the band's leader called : Freimueller listed the prisoners j Romania denounced the attfu-ff in German to rifle-armed Swiss ; u-ho.se release was demanded as j as a violation of international law, police \vho .surrounded the losa- j Gen. Adiu Aldeti, Bishop Sudeju. j —.said Switzerland was responsible lion and .sought to band to surrender. The , legation chauffeur, Aurel Setu, was knifed and struck down by submachinegun fire when he tried to resist the attack. He died in a hospital at noon. persuade the • Elic Lawar. Anion Mursanu B. B. Bratianu. Illegal Entry Freimueller, told a news conference the band — estimated to number about five men— was believed to have entered Switzerland release of the five pris- One of the invaders, captured illegally for the specific purpose years. while trying to slip through the of _invading the legation and A Chinese-language broadcast j police cordon, was carrying a sub-[ forcin £ the fl heard in Tokyo said the bill pro | machinegun and documents stolen j vides "all male citizens of China ] from the legation. He told police: have a duty to be enlisted at 18 j only that he belonged to the anti- i and demanded extradition of the band, which it called "a gang of | Romanian Fascists and other crim ina! elements." Setu's removal to the hospital was delayed several hours while Swiss police sought permission from the Romanian charge d'af- faires, Emeric Stoffel, to enter the See ROMAS'IAiV an Page 5 to take at face value a defend- j Formosa resolution approved by Congress and a mutual defense treaty with Chian] government. Preliminary to Assault One analyst who asked that bis name not be used said yesterday there can be no stability in the Ogden Bean May be Headed For Classification Change A Mississippi County delegation came away v from a Department of Agriculture hear —. ing in Memphis yesterday with little to allay their fears that the Ogden soybean will be Quemoy and the Matsus, he saw, classed a green or mixed bean. ™™ ^, arue ,f ^Formosa and the ""• '— ~ ~ ... .j. Along with cotton, the Ogden bean ^_ - „ - ^^ ,1 •^.ii ! wnlcn nas a sometimes green seed Cocktail, Omnibus Bills Get Committee Okay tional, social background, religion and educational background differences" because "to defend our Nationalist Ia therland is a divine duty of all citizens of China." Capitalists Excluded Excluded, said Peiping:, are non- revolutionaries, feudalistic landlords, bureaucrats and "capitalists MDDC to Meet At Portageville SeMo Group To Select Site For Headquarters PORTAGEVILLE,—Officers to di- the backbone of this area's agricultural economy. rea unless Peiping abandons its announced intention to capture Formosa, seat of Chiang's government. And any all-out attack on to an assault on Formosa and nearby Pescadores. Sen. Morse Una-ore), in a statement yesterday, urged Dulles or Eisenhower to say whether "any assurance or pledge" deprived of political rights." Pelpmg said the next session of the Communist Parliament will "discuss and adopt" the measure. The broadcast gave these other details: 1. Army and constabulary non- officers will serve for three years; navy, air force and coast guards- LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Cocktail lounges for Arkansas' larger cities and sharp increases in taxes have received approval of the House Revenue arid Taxation Committee. The so-called "cocktail lounge"* bill, introduced by Reps. Don ] Jones of Pulaski County and W. H. i Thompson of Poinsett County, ! would permit lentil sale of mixed i drinks in cocktail lounges in Ar- • kaiisas cities with a population of 9,000 or more. The omnibus tax measure, .sponsored by Rep. E. C. FJeeman of Mississippi County, would increase the sales tax and use tax from 2 per cent to 3 per cent, boost income taxes 50 per cent, and increase gasoline taxes from one to 1 1 2 cents a gallon. Preachers On Hand More than two dozen preachers appeared at the "cocktail lounge" bill hearing to protest. ' Missour j organization holds its fiivU j USDA proposes to change class!- '• commitment, ficalion of the bean from yellow to ' " nK been S iven '" help defend tne green where it appears green. This! offshore islands, actually would put the O B den in the '< Humphrey said that of course mixed classification, since some of;>< mi ? nt be necessary for U.S. air the beans blench out yellow while . power to be used against a possible others retain their green coat harvest time. Mixed beans carry a 25-cent penalty when put in the loan and. it is feared here, this change in classi- : ficiilion could lend to some dis- • crimination against the bean in the American market. Some 3CO growers, buyers and shippers were on hand at Memphis Pcabudy Hotel yesterday to present testimony before J. E. Barr, Chief of Inspector, Grain Branch, USDA. i Mr. Barr gave the gathering little ; hope and said the USDA trading j change, if made, may not be formu- i i la ted before May 1, which would j i be well into planting time in this I area . . . too late for most to make ', in their planting i at: Communist attack on Quemoy, ly- i ing in the mouth of Amoy harbor, or the ilatsu Islands, just off the port of Foochow. "We certainly would not want to wait until the Communists had landed on the beaches of Formosa," he said. The Rev. Ben Bridges, executive , anm|al mce ting Mond; secretary of the Arkansas Baptist Convention, said he did not know ; rrct the Missmiri Delta Development; any adjustment 1 • Cnmimssion during the coming year'schedules. will be elected when the Southeast I .-,.. ,, . . . Cites Complaints night In, " A } ° l of complained Four Cars Jump RaiSs at Holland But No One Reported Hurt in Early-Morning Frisco Accident HOLLAND, Mo. — Four cars of northbound Ouachitrt County to remove the j December. ! USDA had received from foreign sales, tax section from Floeman's I o r . Frank L. Sisson Jr., president' buvers - Mr - Barr said "We think tax bill. !of the MDDC. said the annual din-j one is to ° many." j iu ""; ..inoH Wnmack would have amended I ne r will be held at 7 p. m. Monday ' A representative of the Port O f i Only one of the cars turned the bill to dnlete any reference to ! j n the Colonial Inn on Highway 61 • New Orleans, who also Is an ex-j ne SiUd the sales tax incrt'a.sf. | South nt Sikeston. ! porter, told the group that "this j Autry Opposed Slave j Attending the meeting will be the ' prtywsn] is dangerous and will in- Rep L H Autry of Mississippi j MDDC directors and the executive! creasc our problems tenfold. We County and others opposed the re- committee. ' Ulink - voll ' 1! be farftd wiUl tn ^ never- movai ! Others ink-rested in the organi- : ending problem of determining whe- The House turned down the ,>ro- Untirm nre invited to attend Dr. Sis- ; ^the bean Is yellow or green or ^ ^^ ^ c]cai . cd fof traf . A 'surprise appearance at the " c al S:5 ° this morning. Mr. Be- nearln» wns put. in by congressman shears sald - Wreckers were called men for four years, with their terms extendable up to four months "if they are needed." 2. Eighteen-year-olds will be called up before June 30 each year. After discharge they remain in the reserve until they reach the age of 40. Reds Hold Initiative !n Vest Pocket War By SPENCER MOOSA d i TAIPEI, Formosa (AP) -— Communist China, fortified by •d 6 to BU- '• a bloodless victory in its acquisition of the Tachen Islands, I holds the initiative in its vest pocket war with Chiang Kai- an emer- j shek's Nationalist forces. a.m. de- Present signs are that the Na-* . police should first try tionalists on the string of outpost, Neighbors said they heard a fu- I siilade of shots and women's I screams between 2 and 3 a.m. but: the legation chauffeur was the only casualty reported. He was taken to a hospital with serious injuries. Extradition Demanded The Red Romanian government The Swiss Cabinet in gency meeting at 7:30 cided the police should mat, ny \ "«"-••""" «•« *•"•- u»m»^ "• uuufuu*. ^^ persuasion rather than force in j islands running from Nanchishan ; M - _ „! [„— J |l|*%i** their effort to get the gang out of i on the north to Quemoy on the nPnil 1111111 f mill the legation j south will confine their operations I IWUI I I UIIU I IUIIJ Bern Police Chief Eduard Frei-j for the time being mainly to defensive actions. Red China's top Communists, in broadcast talks yesterday hailing the fifth anniversary of their treaty with Russia, gave no clear hint of their next move. Blasted U. S. Mao Tze-tung, No. 1 Chinese Communist, and Premier Chou En- lai railed at what they termed U.S. aggressive moves and asserted that if "imperialists' 1 wage war, "we, together 'With the peoples of the whole world, will certainly wipe them out clean from the surface of the globe.' mueller told a news conference the men said they would come out only if the Romanian government released five prominent political prisoners. The Cabinet decided to relay the demand to the Romanian 1 government "just in case," Frei- Ike's Foreign Policy Is Praised by Lodge PHILADELPHIA (AP) — Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., U. S. ambassador to the United Ntaions, says the foreign policy of ; -„.... ~ the Eisenhower administration is enabling the free world to j Nikolai Buiganin and Foreign Min- settle down confidently to the long haul" toward strengthening world peace. Speaking last night at a Lincoln* Are Unfolded Heart Sunday, Tag Day Features of Annual Campaign With a $6,000 county goal, workers in the Mississippi County Heart Fund drive today began mapping plans for general solicitations over the county. Kenneth Sulcer of Joiner, chairman of the County Heart Assocla- Moscow tributes to the treaty j lion, announced the following com- imniversary steered clear of the munity chairmen for the drive: Mrs. Sam Rushing, Whitton-Denwood-Chelford; Miss Inez Kincaid, issue. Soviet Premier PemiscotOkays Day dinner sponsored by the Pennsylvania Republican Committee, Lodge said one of the foremost ingredients of that foreign policy ! _. • *-— I I • I President Eisenhower's "fight i tf nnfi I flY HlKP for Formosa" declaration. lIXUUU I UA I Ilf\C Communist China has been put notice by the President, with ister V. M. Molotov. toasted Chinese-Soviet friendship at a party but made no specific pledges. The remaining Nationalist out- Driver-Orider; Mrs. A. E. Caldwell, Dell - Lost Cane - Roseland; Mrs. Hughie Hudging, Gosnell; Moses Sliman, Luxora; Marion Dy- track is in the middle off All the cars were empty. They were the fifth, sixth, seventh ant) eighth cars from the rear of the St. Louis-bound freight. The front of the train was cut off and continued to St. Louis. posed amendment on a voice vote |son said. Through a quirk in Arkansas law, the sales tax could be creased by a simple inajority but To Have Site Selection of a site for the dcve- tlci ,»™ .,, „ .,..„„.. j onmcnt Commission's permanent i ?°. U ' J °"" <> f .Kennett. He testified the other propose-:! increases would i headquarters is expected to be the : b ™ fly " nd chld , c £ Mr Bar , r for " ot take a three-fourths vole in cncliihi^h point Houso. : it's- Dexter. Cimithcrsville, Kennett, of the Sikeston meet- ' ? iving more Publlclly to the hearing. Prison Farm Bill Defeated in House LITTLE HOCK l.fl — Objectors who protested against "sending man to the penitentiary for misdemeanor" won out yesterday and the House defeated n bill authorize n state prison farm for misdemeanor convicts. Proponents insisted in vain that no one would be sent to the peni tentinry for a misdemeanor—something that's forbidden by the constitution. The bill got a 38-37 tally, but 51 votes were needed for passage. The measure would have authorized, but not required, the State Penitentiary Board to establish a farm unit for misdemeanor prisoners separate from the state felony farms. The House tacked an amendment to ft Senate bill designed to fix weight loads, dimensions, speed limits, etc., for heavy vehicles using Arkansas highways. The amendment would Impose mandatory penalties for violations. The bill would replace a 1053 law declared unconstitutional because It exempted certain classes of haulers. The House rejected another proposed amendment which would have watered down penalties for violations. The House passed 5I1-27 a bill (o forbid private employment igenclcs from collecting a fee for Xo Press Scnn Poplar Bluff, Portngevllle and Slkcs-I Supnsmgly enough, no press re- ton arc among the Southeast Mis- '• Primitives "'ere spotted in the souri towns which will bid for the See MDDC on Page 5 obtaining a slate tor * client. or federal job Negro Injured By Rifle Shot In Argument A Negro of near Armoret was in improving condition In Blytheville Hospital today after suffering a gunshot wound yesterday, and another Negro was being held in County Jail here attor giving himself up last night. M. C. Curry, of near Armorel, was shot in the right shoulder with a .22 caliber rifle during an altercation on the Eric Waddell farm about 8:30 a.m. yesterday, Deputy Sheriff Holland Aiken said this morning. Leslie. Hill, 29, also of near Armorel, turned himself In to city police last night and was handed to county officials. He Is being held with charges pending the condition of Curry. Hospital officials said today that Curry was listed as serious on entry of the hospital but, Is Improved today. Deputy Alkcn said the shooting apparently stemmed from an argument over money. Curry claimed Hill owed him money, the deputy said, and Hill said they had a, lengthy argument. ' the As- the hearing today. Mr. Barr himself expressed sup- rise over the size of the crowd on hand and the outspoken manner in which they participated In the meeting. "Reminds me of Texas," he said. Roundly applauded was testimony presented by W. H. iBill.) Wyatt, who spoke for the Arkansas Farm Bureau. He's past County Farm Bureau president. He pointed out that the mixed bean, in which classification the Ogden would fall, would draw a 25- See SOYBEAN on Page 5 from Chaffee and Yale. Mo. "Everything was open for nor- j mal service by 8:50," Mr. Beshears 'said. i "We haven't determined yet what ; caused the accident, nor how fast • tV tr.-im \v.-is goint,'," lie said. Four ir.-iins were detoured :iround t'i.e :ire:i during the early '.norninjr hours. Trains 805. 806 advance 835 and No. 835 were re-routed around Kennett, Leachville and back in to Blytheville, Mr. Beshears said. $720 Bonrf Forfeited J. D. Moore forfeited s S120.75 bond In municipal court today on a charge of driving n vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor, A bond of S19.15 was forfeited by Pete Sappington on a speeding charge. the backing of Congress, that will not tolerate aggression against Formosa and the Pescadores," Lodge said. "This couraeeoas and timely move is our best insurance t war in that area." No .Mention of Matsu Lodge made no mention of the Islands of Matsu and Quemoy, which figured in a statement by Nationalist China's President Chiang Kai-shek yesterday. Chiang said his forces had no intention of evacuating the islands close to the China mainland, as was done in the case of the Tachens. In listing the foreign policy accomplishment of the Eisenhower administration. Lodge deviated briefly to predict that the President would be drafted for another term in office. He also said he is firmly convinced the 11 American fliers held prisoner by Red China will be returned. Accomplishments Listed Among the major accomplishments by t h e administration. Lodge said, have been the defeat of communism in Guatemala; the London and Paris agreements, "which will give back soevrelgnty to West Germany"; settlement of the Trieste dispute between Italy and Yugoslavia; the defense pact See LODGE on Page 5 Alderman Seriously III Tolar Buchanan, alderman from the Ward One, is seriously the Chickasnwba Hospital. Result of Balloting Told by County Clerk j CARUTHERSVILLE — An addi-l tional road tax has been approved by three road districts in Pemiscot County, according to County Clerk Harold S. Jones. In Consolidated Road District post islands scattered along 270 er . Armorel-Barfiekl-Tomato; Mrs. i miles of Red China's coast, loom Georp Hale, Burdette: Mrs. L. T. as the next trouble spots. • Burnham, Yarbro; Mrs. Leslie i Apart from Nanchishan and Que- S P= C ^- Sr., Frenchman's Bayou; ' moy. the most important other po- i Mr - Bl11 Landrum. Joiner; Mrs. Isition the Nationalists hold is Half?" 1 "; Langston. Number Nme; 1 | Mrs. Rex Hughes. Huffman-Forty su, which dominates ihe approach. es to Foochow, capital of Fukien province. Committed to Defense Invasion attempts by the Reds against either Quemoy or Matsu, or both, might involve the United and Eight; Mrs. Ray Cash, Dyess; Mrs c" L. Nichols. Reiser: B S. Jackson, Etnwoh: Dr. L. D. Massey, Osceola; Alex Goble, Carson Lake: Beniley Rhodes, Wilson; L. D. Keith. Leachville; and I. D. Shedd, Manila. Number One. which includes the; Pescadores, west and northern portions of the! The United States is committed county, 210 persons voted for an ad- under the mutual defense pact with ditional tax and 34 voted against it,; \ationalist Cluna signed ai Wash- Slates m defensive action to safe-1 The co-chairmen for Blythfiville guard Formosa and the nearby j fund drive are Mrs. T. A. Folger and Mrs. Lynn W. Brown. Business Section Workers Mrs. Joe Bill McHaney will be in charge of the business section The tax is an additional 35 cents; mgton Dec. 2 to protect Formosa, and her workers will be members to the present 35 cents that the county court is allowed to levy for ' a total of 70 cents on $100 assessed valuation of property. In the Cooter Special Road District an additional 35 cents for a ; total of 70 cents on S100 assessed valuation of property was voted .in. The vote was 31 for and none against. An additional five cents for a to-, tal of 40 cents on $100 assessed val- See REDS on Page 5 Plans Readied For Work On BAFB Pool I Bids for rehabilitation of the uation of property w-!>,s voten for m! mm . nr , pool at Blytheville Air Little Prairie Road District, which Force B ' a g e are scheduled to he re- of Alpha. Alpha, Alpha Delta and Exemplar Chapters of Beta Sigma Phi. Sunday heart block captains have See HEART on Page 5 includes Cnruthersville and Cottonwood. The vote was 59 for and 22 against. Jones said H special election was Swun (on B ro \\-n Ditrict Engineer in Little Rock', said today. Plans and specifications will be Now It's Man-Made Diamonds By ALTON L. BLAKKSLKE AT Science Reporter SCHENECTADY, N. Y. Manmade diamonds exactly like nature's own were announced today —a scientific dream come true, They cost nt least twice ns much to make as natural diamonds, but In time may be greatly reduced. The.sc artificial diamonds arc no threat, as yet anyhow, to the value of your diamonds, nor nny immediate hope for chapcr diamond nccklnco-s or ciiKaKCincnl rin^s. Hut they of for a new homo-grown supply of diamonds vitally important in Industry and national defense, Hardest Matfrlnl Diamond in the hardest known material. Hundreds of pounds are imported annually to cut steel, din through rock to find oil, make precision tools, perform scores of tasks. War or blockade could not cut off the man-made supply. Success Irt 1 creating diamonds was announced by scientists of the General Electric research laboratory. One proem does It by creating: pressure find heat equal to that 240 miles deep within the earth. Diamonds are made within a few minutes when a carbon-containing material Is subjected to this pressure and heat. The starting material was not identified. But scientists hinted II contains graphite, the carbon u»ed in "lead" pencils. Diamonds are crystals of pure carbon. Just Like Heal By every test, these diamonds are indistinguishable from those dug from mines in Africa or Brazil, where nature made diamonds from carbon, pressure and heat, said Dr. A. L. Marshall, manager of the laboratory's chemistry department. They will scratch natural diamonds. They the X-ray "fingerprint" of natural diamonds, meet the same chemical tests. The biggest diamond made here yet Is only one sixteenth of an Inch In Us longest dimension. It weighs only a fraction of a carat, and .it takes 130 carats to equal one ounc*. not held in the Hayti Special Road! mac j e available to contractors early District as it operates on the 35' ncx t week, cents that the county court is al-j The pool, bathhouse, sidewalks, ' fence and parking area will be rehabilitated under the contract which will include also construction of a new filter building, installation of water lines, drain lines, and water circulating and treatment systems will be a part of the work to be done. Time for completion of the work after award nf the contract will be 120 calendar days. Colonel Brown also announced postponement of the date for receipt, of bids for construction of a parachute and dinghy building and communications building from February 17 to February 24. Negroes Admit Memphis Robbery Two Negrws surrendered to the Blytheville police late last .night,. The two, Robert D; Doyle and Bill Kennnn, told police that they ha,d robbed the P. C. Sunday grocery .store m Memphis. . Police Chief John Poster said -the Negroes told him they escaped, with about , in cash from the Mem- lowed to levy. The election was held last Tuesday. However, ballots were not counted until the end of last week. A bill is in the state legislature to increase the amount to be levied county courts from the present 35 cents to 50 cents, Mr. Jones said. He stated that many people .bought this would do away with the necessity of having special elections each year. Two Small Fires Reported in City Fire Chief Roy Head has reported two minor fires during last yesterday afternoon the early morning hours of today. A shed at 2330 Poabody was destroyed by fire late yesterday afternoon and the fire spread to the grass surrounding the shed. The Blytheville fire department soon had the gross fire under control. This morning the fire department wns called to the home of J. C, Carter at 904 W. Pecan when grease on a cook stove burst Into flames. There wore no injuries or damage, Mr. Heftd **kl . Inside Today's Courier News . . . Osccnla'N Rill Bcall Named Backflcld Coach at Arkansas Slate CollcRc . , . District SB Junior Tourney Opens Here Tonight . . . District 3B Juniors Open Play at Dell . . . Other Tournament Rmtultn . . . Sports . . . Pages 8 and 9 ... . , . Sen. Geor*« Predicts — I/ Xo War by Summer, Then Years of Peace . . . Page 2 ... phis urocery. Today, Cil.y police awaited Memphis police, who are supposed to corne for the two men. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS—Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday. Warmer tonight. Outlook for Thursday through Sunday: partly cloudy with mild temperatures and scattered showers about Sunday. High this afternoon mid 60s. Low tonight upper 30s. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy this afternoon, becoming mostly cloudy tonight and Wednesday with considerable fog and scattered drizzle tonight and. early Wednesday; warmer tonight; low tonight 35-40; high Wednesday generally near 60, Minimum thla morning—31, Maximum yenlerdny—W. Sunrise tomorrow--*!:48, Surmet toddy—5:43. Precipitation iMt 24 houn t* 7 p.m. —none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to d*t*~-3,4*, T/I/I rute l.mt Veir Maximum yentarfUy—70, Minimum thin morninfc—63< Precipitation January 1 W 4*t* — 8.1 A.