The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on February 14, 1955 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, February 14, 1955
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 272 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Dally News Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevllle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1955 TWELVE PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS New Trigger For H-Bomb To Get Test Atomic Tests Are Scheduled For Tomorrow By BILL BECKER LAS VEGAS, Nev. (AP) — An improved atomic trigger for America's H-bomb may be the first device tested in the Atomic Energy Commission's new series scheduled to start tomorrow. The predawn shot, 32nd at the AEC's Nevada test site,, will he "a major effort" for the AEC Livermore, Calif., laboratory, which specializes in hydrogen weapons planning. The disclosure was made by Dr. Alvin C. Graves, veteran U. S. nuclear weapons tester, on the eve of Operation Teapot, fifth and most exacting series the AEC has held here in four years. Army Participation The opening lest also is scheduled to include Army participation. Several hundred troops will take trench positions about 4,000 yards from ground zero. The device probably will be detonated from one of the AEC's higher towers, In line with the new official concern for radiation fallout in surrounding communities The higher the atomic fireball, the less dust sucked off the desert floor and less danger of contamination within the immediate area. AH Important Despite the smaller nature of the devices to be tested here this time, there is no underestimating their Importance. Every test this series, AEC Chairman Lewis L. Strauss declared yesterday, has been deemed necessary from the standpoint of our national secu ty. "Soviet leaders have been boasting in recent days of their rapid progress and their early development of very powerful weapons,' Strauss told a news cpnference "We have no alternative but to keep our strength at peak levels. The consequences of any other course would Impreil our liberty, even our existence." The initial test, Graves said, would be of interest to all U. S. weapon scientists, but especially those at Livermore. Chiang Pledges to Hold Remaining Island Outpost Nationalist Boss Expecting US Aid Nehru Favors Talks With Nationalists By SPENCER MOOSA Ry SEVMOLK TOPPING TAIPEI, Formosa (AP)— Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek I LONDON (AP) — Indian Prime Minister Nehru came expressed his determination today to hold the rest of the Chi- :ou t today for Nationalist China's participation in any interna- nese Nationalists' offshore islands and made it plain he ex- tional conference on the Formosa issue. Britain, holding a pects United States to help him fight for them if Chinese | similar view, urged a quick cease-fire as the prelude to such Communists attack. ' a parley, would- ; « Factory Production Rockets- A friendly production battle has been going on at Central Metal Products Company during the past two weeks. The night shift presently holds the production record with 4,560 completed units in a single shift. In above photo, day shift packers department workers (left to right) Chesler Curtis, Elia Chapman and Ernest Baker, look at posters made by the two shifts after setting new records. • • The two shifts have been waging the informal contest since the end of January, plant manager Riley Quick explained today. It all began when the firm made a changeover in some machinery near the end of the month! Until that time the plant hadn't produced , as many as 3,000 completed welded units in a single shift. On Feb. 3, the day shift passed that mark for the first time with an output of 3,316. After the night shift had increased the record to 3,680 shortly thereafter, the rivalry qnickpned and Mr. Quick promised a "cake and coffee" party to the shift which reached the 4,000 mark first. The night shift promptly set to work and came up with production of 4,128 units one night last week. They got their party and formed the "4.000 Club." But it didn't remain an exclusive group for long. The day shift on Feb. 9. exceeded the record by almost 300 units with a mark of 4,416. They also got a party. They claimed their record by leaving the lower poster shown in the photo above for the night shift 10 see. Upon seeing the poster that evening, the night shift wasn't to be outdone. By the end of the work period a new mark of 4,560 had been set and it still stands. Mr. Quick said he was "very well pleased with production to date." He said the records were a compliment to the employes, particularly since most of the workers had started on these jobs with no experience in this type operation. Tbe firm presently is employing about 115 persons. "In no case," he asserted. the strategic islands Quemoy and Matsu be abandoned. Chiang met newsmen at Nationalist headquarters here after ihe Reds' Peiping radio triumphantly announced "liberation" of the Tachen Islands, evacuated by the Nationalists last week with the aid of the U. S. 7th Fleet. Peiping boasted it placed Red soldiers "on vantage ground for liberating Taiwan (Formosa) and other islands off the China coast." A later Chinese Communist broadcast-, heard in'San Francisco, charged that inhabitants of the Tachens, ' Yu Shan and Pishan Islands had All Eyes on Security Council— Can UN Contribute To Formosa Peace? 1 By A. I. GOLDBERG ' UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — Diplomats looked to a. i [f^ITt "obvtousircarmoTTxSi U N Security Council meeting today for an indication wheth-1 any par ty concerned," he said, er the world organization can make a signal contribution! A few" hours later, a British toward peace in the Formosa Strait. | F ° rei s n offlce spokesman told Delegates to the 11-nation coun- India, with Russia proposing that | newsmen France lined up with Britain and the United States in criticism of Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov'.s proposal for a 10-pover conference that would »exclude Chicang Kai-shek's Chinese Na, tionalists. A Foreign Ministry j spokesman in Paris said ''it is not i possible that this proposition could i produce anv concrete results." Headed Home Nehru made his position clear as he headed home from a two-week I visit in London. He told reporters | at the airport a Formosa con- cil assembled to a background of I the conference participants include to some, reports, 'he j & fe t Lh t the 0.3.. lne united Slates, the Soviets, Red T-T,~fr.~fr. •\Xinictr\r n tin- ' r <=ij7Jii a * a«iv wwuuvj _,_... T _ j;_ ! forces." Contrary I pr^rected "evacuation of the Tachen I China, Britain, France, India, ounced it nad no intentions of eva- £ lands had put Red china's sol- Pakistan, Burma, Ceylon and In- cuating Nanchishan. HO miles north , d ^ . lfQr liberatlng donesia . of Formosa and now the main north „ F .*. \ . ern Nationalist outpost. Troops Won't Leave The ministry said a small number of dependents and civilians had ; been removed and more would be ' removed, but that no troops would , be withdrawn. j Nanchishan is 23 miles from the j i mainland. When newsmen Formosa and other islands off the | ^ China coast." j" Statement First The cotm"^ or busi- ! fov/et Encouraging ness was a statement from its j rorJTIOSOn CompCf/jj Pe i U unde P tha S t d c n o\nmunlst A C^na : ^' l ' ne5e * et * 5 $°Y had refused " .;"•; j lives to the '(sited I Faubus Says Two New Sales Tax Bills Are Being Prepared By RAY STEPHENS LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Two administration bills to increase the sales tax will be introduced in the Legislature "within the next three days," Gov. Orval Faubus said today. "The bills are being prepared," Faubus told his news conference. to send representa- J.N. for a cease-fire i iiidiiiiauu. >i in-ii ..i. nu ..»... . [jebate unless Nationalist China I the island last year about 2,000 civ- j WQS ous(ed and a Sov iet resolution ilians were there. The size of the ; cnarging thc united States with garrison was not reported. aggression was taken up first. Chiang smiled contentedly as he ... faced the largest news conference held here since Nationalists fled "We will give them two proposals and let them take what they want * * # Two Ways Out— und reject what they don't want." The governor said one of the Either Taxes Go Up Or Services Down head injuries. She was reported to be in critical condition yesterday, but was improving greatly this morning. Mr. Chitman wa.s badly bruised and received lacerations of the face. Both Mr. and Mrs. Chitman are recovering in Chickasawba Hospital. Mr. Chitman is an employee of Arkansas-Missouri Power Co. Bonds Forfeited In Traffic Cases Auto Accident Injures Couple Pat Chitman, Wife Are Hospitalized Mrs. Pat Chitman was seriously injured and her husband received minor injuries when the car they were driving overturned on Flat Lake Road near Highway 18, late Saturday night. The couple were on route to their home'in the Plat Lake area when the accident, occurred. Attending physicinn said that LITTLE ROCK (AP) — The 60th Arkansas General As- Mrs. chitman suffered a fractured scnl hiv can do one of two things with Gov. Orval Faubus' re- back, lacerations of the face antl i q uos |/f or higher taxes U t It can wash its hands of the-j. whole matter. \'l\ It can go along with the governor or devise some other method of increasing revenue. There's ono thing certain, however. Mixes either are going up or state services are going down. Faubus told the Legislature that higher taxes are needed because of a lack of money to provide adequate public schools, and because of deficit spending. Little New Little was new in the governor's request for more school revenue, bin his concern with the Reserve Fund was a revelation to many. The Reserve Fund is the state's "savings account" which is used when the state's expenditures fall below income. The governor said dwindling .state revenue has dropped far below operating costs of many stale agencies and the "cushion fund' 1 R. E. Turner forfeited two $19.75 bonds on charges of driving a vehicle without a license and driving without a driver's in municipal court today. Sherman Walker, Jr. forfeited a $19.75 bond on a speeding charge. Jim Bedwell and R. E. Normnn each forfeited $5 bonds on charges of running ft red light. Pope Improving VATICAN CITY (/?) — Pope Pius celebrated Ma.% in his private Chapel yesterday for the first time since his serious collapse In December, A Vatican source said the Pope's health Is continuing to Improve slowly and that he plans a series of meetings with the cardinals now in Rome. well below the minimum amount required, by law. Faubus suggested a 20 per cent permanent tax on all tobacco products except cigarettes, which already arc heavily taxed. He also asked that poultry and animal feed be exempted from the state sales tax. He contended that the increase, minus the exemption, would provide the necessary revenue to put the state on Its Sec TAXES on Page 12 Ancient 'Dead Sea Scrolls' Sold to Israel by Syrians JERUSALEM, Israeli Sector (/!>)— Aiter a seven-year quest, Israel has bought from the Syrians for a reported $260,000 four "D«ad Sea scrolls", described' ns the oldest known Bible manuscripUs. Prime Minister Moshc .Chnrctt announced yesterday purchase of the scrolls, discovered in a cave near Jericho In 1047, had finally been negotiated by MaJ. Qen. Yl- gal Yadln, former Israeli army chief of staff and son of the lute Prof. E. L. Stikcnlk of the Heb University. Sukenik wm tin first, research student to identify the scrolls as dating from about 70 a.d. or before. The scrolls are manuscript A of the Book of Isaiah, the Commentary of Habbakug, a hook of regulations of a monastic sect, called Eessenes, and the Book of Lcmach, nn aprocryphal work whose existence is referred to In ancient texts. They have been held since their discovery by the Syrian metropolitan at St. Murks University, in the Arab-held old city of Jerusalem. The Book of Lcmach IB still unopened, but II, hns been Identified by dcUichcd iragmenU. Greenlease Case To Be Reopened Grand Jury Starts Probe of Missing $300,000 Today ST. LOUIS federal Rrmicl ijy—The St. Louis jury will open an investigation today inio the missing $300,000 Greenlease ransom money, U. S. Atty. Harry Richards announced. Richards wouldn't say who the witnesses would be or how many of them are to be called. Subpoenas will be suppressed, he added. It will be the first such inquiry since a grand jury in Kansas City ended an investigation a year and a half ago. Two-Way Probe The Greenlease investigation and the current probe into the Internal Revenue service will share the grand jury's attention. William K. Stanard n, assistant U. S. attorney, will direct the ransom money phase. Although the missing ransom case dropped from public attention for some lime, it was learned that the Federal Bureau of Investigation has remained active, questioning nil those who had any known part in the case. Shoulders Questioned The renewed grand Jury action was believed designed to put those same persons under oath. Those who have been questioned recently by the FBI Included Louis Shoulders, the cx-St. Louis police lieutenant who broke the kldnitp- kUllng case, and John linger, ' nc cab driver who lipped Shoulders on the whereabouts of Carl Austin Hall, later executed for the slaying of 6-yenr-olcl Bobby Grccnlcasc of City. bills will call for an increase from two to three per cent for a 13- month period; the other will increase the sales tax over a two- year period. The temporary increases, first suggested to the Legislature by Gov. Faubus a week ago, are de- sipned to provide enough money to curry the public schools until each local district can bring abou an equalization of property assessments m its area. Administration Bills In reply to a question, Faubus said that the tax bills would be introduced as administration bills, and thai he would go as far as possible in pressing for the appro- . val of one of them. Faubus has not j indicated which of the temporary increases he prefers. The other revenue bills pussested last Monday by the governor already are before the House or the Senate. They would put a 20 per cent tax on chewing and smoking tobacco and snuff; lower the exemptions on state income taxes; and extend the two per cent sales tax to cover professional services. Supported Alt Three None of these bills were introduced a.s "administration" legislation, but Faubus reiterated his support of all three again today. In reply to another question, Faubu.s indicated" that ho would support a bill, now before the Senate, to require all governmental boards to hold open meetings. "I don't see any reason \vhy all board meetings should not be public," said Faubus. The governor announced that Lt. Col. Fred M. Groom of Russellville will take over tomorrow as state director of Selective Service. Groom succeeds Lt. Col. Hansel Winters of Jonesboro. Six Inducted By Draft Board Six men were Inducted into the armed forces last week from the Blythevllle draft board. The next call for pre-mduction exams will be on Feb. 24. 1855. Those leaving last week were: James Loo King of.Manila. John A. Mitchell of McCrory. Eugene Earl Cnntrell of Osceoln, and James Edward Tllley, James Edward Culbcrtson and Maurice Roldcn Vanllook, Jr., all of niythe- vllle. Strike Called Off JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (/P)—Negro leaders called off a 24- Jiour strike against government segregation moves today in a split with extremist elements demanding that they back up their protests with forco, the mainland in 1949 "You newsmen fear the islands will not be jointly defended," he said softly. "But I think the matter is very clear." Chiang referred to Quemoy and Matsu spccilically in written . The invitation was voted by the council at its only meeting on the Formosa issue, two weeks ago. Demands Rejected The same council meeting rejected Soviet demands for Nationalist China's ouster and refused to give the Soviet charges priority. Instead the group agreed to take up first New Zealand's proposal M31SU Spe.CH ICaltJ "I wi iiicn IL-IU|..I nioi. iiv-n ._n.i..u...«~ , i plies to seven questions submitted to discuss the situation as the first] by newsmen. He added informally: step toward - —•--"-- •>»«•»- > "As a matter of fact, whether j ment. Observers considered. how- Kinmen (Quemovl and Matsu will j ever, that any cease-fire resolution be defended is 'very clear to us, | which " J -- """ ""< ">•<"••" : and to the Communists clear." Y......I. did not have Red Chinese very concurrence would have the force only of a moral censure. His written reply had said: "With regard to the question of the joint uefense of the offshore islands, the statements made by the gpv- May Restate Proposal There was wide expectation that | Soviet Delegate Arkady A. Sobo- ] lev's would restate the Russian j LONDON UP* — The Chinese Communists said today Soviet support was encouraging them in their campaign to take Formosa. Peiping radio broadcast an editorial in the Peiping People's Daily, government newspaper, saying: "The Soviet people are always nur most reliable and faithful friends. "The righteous support given us by the Soviet government and people in our struggle to liberate Taiwan Formosa and safeguard Asia gives us great encouragement an dconfidence in victory." The paper also commented that Red China has "pledged to support the Soviet Union and the European democracies in the fight against the rival of West German militarism." "Her majesty's government believe that it would be an advantage to work for an end to the fighting in advance of a conference should there be an .agreement to hold a conference. An end to the fighting would improve the chances of a conference succeeding." Doesn't Commit Them The British ambassador in Moscow, Sir William Hayter, is still exploring with the Russians the idea of a Formosa parley, the spokesman said. He added, however: "We wish to. m'ake it clear that the contacts with the Soviet government on the basis of their proposal should not be construed as committing us to a conference as a means of bringing about a settlement of the question to the exclusion of other methods." The United States and Britain have made it clear they will not participate in a Formosa conference from which the Chinese Nationalists are barred. Nehru said, however, that "I am not awara that Britain has rejected" the Molotov proposal. He did not elaborate. The British Foreign Office, In a statement Saturday night, said a conference such as Molotov proposed " does not appear to be representative." the statements maue u.v ""- & ui ILI •• •."—- — ernments of the Republic of China ! proposal for a Formosa settlement and the United States have been' conference in Shanghai or New clear enough and need no more ; Delhi from which Nationalist China elucidation.' That the defense of! would be excluded. Kinmen and Matsu is essential toi Moscow radio reported the pro- the defense of Taiwan and Penghu: posal Saturday. It previously had (The Pescadores) should have be-1 been made secretly to Britain and come an opinion generally accept-' ed by qualified military experts." Fleet Returns Chiang's news conference followed by only 24 hours return of the great fleet which evacuated the Tiichens. Miss Lav/son To Be Speaker At PTA Meet The windup of the operation was punctuated by three hours of Communist shelling of Quemoy. 1201 i<, vson miles across the Strait of Formosa. | ...M' s ^ A'-l 6 -.,!:?™ ™ Sunday morning. The military information : it was the largest artillery ex- Hoover Group Urges More Political Jobs WASHINGTON (AP) — The Hoover Commission recommended last night that all government jobs carrying the responsibility of making or defending administration policies should be"filled by political appointees. And it urged that Congress-:*-— — create a new "senior civil service" ! _.__-, fl ^, . BHS Student State Beta Club Veep 1 r'ormosa. nnaa ......^ ~»- — -• Ss:=^SrS^S*3£SW of career administrators who would be "politically neutral" and • who . would survive a shift in White arir*m«wsi House control. Other suggestions ArkanSa - - revision of "the of veterans" « .rVm^lncVVnV theviHe PTA's observe Founders en withdrawal began, with the Day. Reds pouring over 59 shells from | The session, which will conati- Amov port and receiving "a heavy i tute the February meeting for all retaliation barrage" in return. | PTA's in the city, will be m the Observers wore Inclined to dis-1 high schcoi auditorium, and get. count continued reports, however, started at ,.30 p.m. of Communist junk concentrations | Miss Uuvson is head of Ihe school near Mnisu Wand 100 miles north-1 division ol Ihe Democrat Litho- west of here and blocking Ihe en- ! graph Co.. in Little Rock. trance to Foochow. a Red port. Immediately after his written replies to questions were ready— and his few interpolated remarks completed - the g-neraH-imo See CHINESE on Pace 12 Heavy Industry Aim of Hungary BUDAPEST. Hungary (*n—Communist HllllRnry, ill accordance with Soviet policy, Is determined to develop its heavy industry, says Deputy Premier Istvan Hidas. Hidas' statement, apparently con- flrminK a shift from Ihe "new course" proclaimed in 1953 to raise the Hungarian standard of living, was delivered nl a meeting last night on the 10th anniversary of Budapest's liberation from Nail rule. Holland Prince Arrives in U. S. NEW YORK (A 1 )—Prince Bernhard of thc Netherlands arrived by plane today from Amsterdam for an unofficial live-day visit. Aides said the Prince, husband of Queen Juliana, Is arranging a conference on social and economic problems of the Western democra- cki. She served as Mississippi County schools supervisor from 1927 un- for some peculiar rights holding federal jobs and for salary boosts in high-level jobs. Nicky Weedman of Blythevllle was elected vice president of the Beta Clubs of Arkansas at a con(JUS US 111 lUyil-lCVC* JUUa. uww ....v.™ ,--The comm,s,on of seven Repub- | ventior, Satu ^~™fj^ licans and five Democrats headed < i Rock. The convention ended Saturday by former President Herbert Hoover, in a report on "personnel and j n( ; h " ( ; ^.,V h a dance at the Lo f ay ; civil service," ignored a recom- j tue Hotel mendation by its task force on j personnel for an investigation of - _. the government's loyalty-security program. Called for Inquiry A 10-man group headed by Pres,, irtent Harold W. Dodds of Prince-; The Rev. James Pomeroy wrll | Univprsi , v . whlch „,„ much „,! elve the mvocaiioi' A-so on t e , dswork for th{ , romm , s .| procram will be a choial_ o 1 ._,' cnllcd for „„ oifl< . Ial r^e.° Cen,™?'^ »! " W "with.™ del.y." .nd ,t, „. „_, Centra: and Schools, who will be under the direction of Mrs. R. A. Berryman. A president's message will be delivered by Mrs. Alex Shelby. G. L. Smylhe, city council president, will preside. Mrs. PTA Belgian Airliner With 29 Aboard Missing in Italy ROME WV- Ground, sea and air searchers combed a fog-shrouded arce north and west of Rome today, seeking the wreckage of an Africa- bound Belgian airliner feared to have crashed aboard. with 29 persons . The 21 passengers included four Americans, three Belgian children and Marcella Mariana, Italy's 19- ycar-olrl beauty queen of 1053. who was making her first flight. The four-engine DC6 of Sabena Airlines vanished early last night after reporting it was over Vlter- bo, M miles north ot Rom«. "Any discussion of the presume of the public service and the morale and efficiency of federal employes today must take dtie notice of the security problem." The commission it-sclf made no reference to the security program. Without mentioning that Issue specifically, Hoover said in a tetter of transmlttal to Congress that the recommendations did "not necessarily coincide with all of those" made by Dodds' group. The latter's report also was referred to Congress. First of Many This was the first of perhaps a score of reports on various phases of the federal government which the commission, created in 1953, plans to submit to Congress by May 31. Unlike the predecessor Hoover Commission, this one has authority to propose policy as well as organizational changes. Its recommendations can be carried out through legislation or through presidential reorganization plans which are subject to veto by Congreu. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Chicks and Taps Win County Titles . . . District 3A Tourney Opens Here Tomorrow Night . . . District B Juniors Benin Play at Hell Tonight . . . County Senior B Hoys' Tourney Opens at Wilson Tomorrow \ljfhl . . . Sports . . . races 8 and fl . . . . . . 7tli Fleet Formosa Themel Fast Carriers . . . Pace -1 Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Pair ill is afternoon, tonight and Tuesday. Cooler tonight. High this afternoon low lo mid 50s, Low. tonight high 20s to mid 30s. MISSOURI — Generally fair this afternoon, tonight, and Tuesday; warmer this afternoon and southeast Tuesday; low tonight 25-30; high Tuesday 46-50. Maximum Saturday—33, Minimum Sunday—lS. < Minimum this morning—30. Maximum yoslflrday—47. flunrlBc tomorrow—«:47. HtinKCt tortny—5:42. Precipitation lint 24 hours to 7 p,«. —none. Precipitation .Tin, 1 to date—3.4*, TMi Date Uit Year Maximum yesu rd»y—M. Minimum thla morning—43. Precipitation January I to dttt — 8.1J.

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