Page 1 article text (OCR)
BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 271 BIytheviUe Courier Blytheville Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1955 TWELVE PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS' Tachens Pullout In Final Phase Blasts Rock Islands As Troops Evacuate By FRED HAMPSON TAIPEI, Formosa (AP) — Chinese Nationalist soldiers dynamited and put the torch to trenches, pill boxes and buildings today and U. S. Navy officers said the evacuation of the Tachen Islands was in its final phase. _ + February gale winds that had slowed the operation to a crawl died and steady loading continued. Officers said the Armada probably would wind up its job and sail by Saturday. The Nationalist Defense Ministry said It felt the withdrawal was entering its crucial stage with most land fortifications blown up and equipment and troops ready for shipping. Critical Period It said this was a critical period Modern Warfare 28 Bombs: 50 Million People CHICAGO (AP) — A developer of America's first atom bomb believes, 28 well-placed H-bomb hits could jeopardize the lives of 50 million U. S citizens with deadly radioactive fallout. Dr. Ralph E. Lapp said the. strategic bombings could "atomize" and cover with radioactive fallout a vast region containing two thirds of the nation's industrial might. The atomic scientist said one hydrogen bomb—if exploded close to the ground—could coat with a potential death mantle an area of 10,000 square miles,,comparable to the state of Maryland. He said the single H-bomb explosion would create a sun-hot fireball three to four miles wide while devastating a large area. Writing in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientist, he said a person caught in nn H-bombed area can do only one thing—go underground in a shelter and remain there for a day or two. People in "the shadow of the. atomic cloud," he said, can't run away from it. Weakens With Time A person caught in an atomic dust cloud less than a day old would receive twice the amount of radiation needed to kill, he said. The same person, emerging from a shelter after a wait of two days, he said, could walk through a contaminated area without absorbing too much radintlon. Radioactivity of atomic dust drops off sharply with the passage of time, lie noted. He suggested, as suitable underground shelters, basements or foxholes. A barn or any roofed structure was labeled a secondary shelter. Radioactive dust falling on the roof would irradiate the individual, he explained. Lapp called for a "thorough house cleaning" of the nation's civil defense planning because, he said, it is lagging far behind nuclear discoveries. "It is mandatory that the government begin construction of an extensive system of survival shelters on the periphery of every large city," he declared. although there was no indication the Communists meant to attack. AP Correspondent Forrest Ed wards, aboard a U. S. aircraft carrier, reported indications on his ship that the troop withdrawal is a one-shot affair. Nationalist troops, guns and equipment will be loaded and the Communist Fire On U. S. Fighter WITH U. S. 7th FLEET, Ta- chen Waters Wl — Communist guns fired at a U. S. carrier-based Banshee night fighter Wednesday night, a Navy briefing officer reported today. The Banshee, from the Essex, was north of the Tachen Islands when a burst of antiaircraft fire exploded about a mile away. No fragments hit the plane. whole armada, including the protective warships, will make the trip to Formosa together, Edwards said. Carriers and pilots were prepared to shitt their jet and propeller-driven air cover umbrella from the Tachens to the ocean lanes to Formosa, he reported. Will Have AJr Cover "It seems certain that the evacuation fleet will have air cover from the time it leaves the islands until it gets to Formosa," he quoted a Navy briefing officer. "We are ready to shift cover whenever ordered." The carrier Princeton, especially adapted for antisubmarine warfare, has been 'assigned a special arotective mission as the evacua- .ion sails for Formosa. It seemed almost certain that other carriers would provide air cover and antisubmarine patrols while evacuation ships are still near the Ta- chens. The two Tachens and the Yu Shan group to the northeast and Pishan to the southwest have been stripped of all civilians. Nationalist troops in number re- nain only on Upper Tachen. Work See TACHENS on Page 12 * * . * Soviet Renews Cry For Coexistence Free World Warned of Red Might Senate Defeats Censorship and Nudists Bills Seldom Used Rule Enforced in Beating Disputed Measures to out- HOUSING BIDS OPENED ~ Contracts were let on the new 52- unit addition to Chickasaw Courts yesterday. General contract was won by Fred Young, builder of Memphis. Shown above opening bids are (left to right) Fred S. Stiliba of the Housing Authority, J. Mel Brooks, Blytheville Housing, officer, and U. S. Branson, Housing Authority architect. (Courier News Photo) U. S. Expert fays Cohesion Still Needed New Regime Said Wed to Peace By TO OCHILTREE LONDON (AP) — The Moscow radio pictured Soviet Russia's new leaders today as firmly wedded to policies of peace and coexistence. This was coupled With the usual raps at Western defense arrangements. The broadcast, recorded here, > the government changes in Moscow appeared designed to counter a be-j and the restoration of emphasis on lief in the West that the Soviet! heavy industry—the kind of plants I Un:on has assumed a new tough j that make armaments—as signal- look. "The foreign policy of the Soviet Union and of all countries of the socialist < Communist j camp," it said, "is a policy of preserving 300,000 Contract Awarded by BHA Fred Young, 146 Neal Street, Memphis, was awarded the Two-Gun Huang Swaps Firearms for Orphans KEELUNG, Formosa (AP) — Two-Gun Huang Pa-mei has reached this Formosan port, minus her famous shooting irons but loaded with 100 orphans from the Tachen Islands. The former guerrilla and pirate leader, famed for resistance first against the Japanese and Inter against the Communists, .seemed bouncy nnd energetic despite her 48 yours. "Too Old to Fight" "I have laid down rny weapons," she said. "I am too old to fight." The children .ire orphans of par- en's killed by the Communists. Huang; Pa-mei (the name means "Eighth Sister Huang") was once known us the "Queen of -the Pirates" along the coast south of Shanghai. The widow of a pirate, she turned her band of buccaneers nnd their stealthy armed junks against the Japanese early in World War II and earned a Nationalist pardon for her pirate days. Fought Commies After the Reds gained control of the mainland, she turned the .popcyed prows of her Tachen junks "against the Communists, ambushing a flotilla of nine Communist junks in Hnngchow Bny. She captured one and turned Its crew over to the Nationalists. She visited Formosa in 1952 and then returned to the Tachens to Inside Today'$ Courier New* . . , Chicks and Paps Win In County Tourney . . . Favored Teams Win ns County Girls Tourney Enters Semi-Finals , . . Youngsters Dominate Tiny In Opening; Round of Tucson Open . . . Sports . . . Pages 8 »nd 9 ... . . .Keeping Your Heart Well I* Full Time Job . . . L»nt of a Scries . . , Pagft * . . . lead guerrillas against the Reds. Later, regular Chinese Nationalist forces took over the defense of the islands, and Two-Gun Huang laic] her pistols down and took up the orphaned children of fellow guerrillas. Now. she says, "I want to rehabilitate my orphans and take care of them." Youth Treated For Dog Bite Steve Bright, five year old son of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Bright of the Big Lake area, is receiving treatment after being bit by a dog assumed to be mad. Head of the dog, which died this morning at Dr. N. G. Jerome's kennel, has been rushed to Little Rock where final determination of rabies will be made. Slick Thief Borrows Car Apparently someone needed n ride to church desperately the other night. They stole ft new Ford to get there. Bob Huey discovered his en r missing about 10:30 Wednesday night. He had parked his car, a 1955 Ford, beside the Catholic Church on Ash, When he returned, the vehicle was gone. Police recovered the Ford Thursday at noon In front of First Naza- rerie Church. Mr. Huey, nn employee of Phillips Motor Co., 3flld his car wasn't dRmngcd nnd no wires had been cut. Evidently the thief had a set of keys or he was mifhty slick with wires, he added. LITTLE ROCK law nudist colonies and impose stringent censorship in Arkansas, both of which passed the House by large majorities, are dead, j The state Senate took advantage i of a .seldom used parlimentnry j rule yesterday to kiil both bills | without forcing the senators to go ! on record. ! Motions by Sen. Fletcher Long of Forrest City to table the bills won approval with only a scattering of "no" votes on the voice ballots. Long's move came as a surprise to proponents of both bills, an they fought in vain to head off the maneuver. But, Lt. Gov. Nathan Gordon, the Senate's presiding officer, ruled that the motions were not debatable, and the protests of the bill's supporters v,ere stifled. Opposed By Most The senators were delighted at a chance to remove both bills from contention without a roll call vote. Most of the members had opposed the bills, but had been reluctant to go on record as voting against them. Under Senate rules, any bill which is tabled can't be called up for consideration unless at Icii.st 24 .senators approve. From the volume of the "ayes" cast to table each bill, it wa.s obvious tha no such support could be obtained i by the bill's proponents. The bills were sponsored in the j gency crews during the day. House by Rep. Roy Haynes of Polk i It'll be more of the same County, the Legislature's only clergyman. Sen. Roy Riales. who represents Haynes in the Senate, fought in vain to block Long's motions, but Lt. Gov. Gordon said the rule pro- j hibited the senator from speaking | general contract for construction of Blytheville's new federal housing project at Chickasaw Courts' bid openings yesterday. ..... - --- * He submitted a ]ow bid of j and strengthening peace. It is CHICAGO (AP) — A State j Department expert on Russia. ^ MJBI1BUHSI . said today the Shakeup in the [based on Lenin's principles of the Soviet government and the i coexistence of different social sys- "vitriolic and threaten -1 terns'.• ing soeech" by Foregin Min- " False interpretation" ister Molotov which accomoa- The broadcast was _ bas nisei it emphasizes a need forfe™ »J£ -—" continuing "cohesion and Vlg-|done fay the Supreme Soviet (Par- ilance" among the free nations' of the world. This comment on the week's developments in the Soviet capital was made by Ray L. Thurston, director of the State Department's Office of Eastern European Affairs, in a speech prepared for the Foreign Policy Institute of the Mercury Hits Low of Seven Little Relief Seen By Forecasters In , Weather Picture Last night's seven-degree reading was the lowest of the winter season in Blytheville after a cold wave toppled the thermometer from a balmy 60 degrees early yesterday afternoon. When the front hit Blytheville, temperatures started falling at an unbelievable rate, dropping about 20 degrees in as many minutes The city ranked among the coldest in the state last night. Payette- ville and Flippin were among puints reporting a reading of four during the early morning, hours. Five at Newport Newport had a five-degree reading. Many points in southern Arkansas reported lows of 1C. High winds, rain and sleet accompanied the temperature drop but apparently did no damagp over the area. Arkansas-Missouri Power Co. reported sending out no pmer- cold weather today and tonight, the weather bureau reports. Low for northeast Arkansas has been pegged at from five to 15 degrees with slowly rising tempera- i. j tures tomorrow afternoon. Kise and Fall $336,397 for construction of the 52-1 Council of Foreign Relations, unit addition to the present 80-unit j 6 MHffon Under Arms Chickasaw Courts. Thurston said the latest U.S. gov- Thirteen bids were submitted for! ernment estimates o n Soviet and the general construction contract (plumbing fix- n men under arms _ •,. refrigerators, and Re £ajd Russia fe on the motins. Views Outlined Sen. Clifton Wade of Fayetteville also sought to prevent the votes. He told the Senate that many of his constitutcnts wanted to appear in support of the anti- nudist bill, and the senate later allowed Wade to outline in the official journal the views of his people. The anti-nudist bill, which would have outlawed nudist colonies, wao a product of the Rev. .Braxton Sawyer, a Fort Smith radio preacher who has been conducting a much publicized campaign against nudism. Similar bills, also sponsored by Sawyer, have been defeated in Oklahoma nnd Missouri legislatures. Haynes' censorship bill was so broad in its wording that many senators felt that it could be used against legitimate information media, and was a threat to freedom of the press. Two other controversial bills were beaten in the Senate by overwhelming majorities yester day. Only three senators joined Sen, W. E. Fletcher of Scott In his attempt to abolish the state Labor Department and replace it with a three-man commission. Union Men Run It Fletcher said his bill would give See ASSEMBLY on Page 12 Sunday is to find increasini cloudiness and slowly rising temperatures, but after the rising trend continues through Monday and Tuesday, it is due to reverse itself, becoming colder Wednesday. Light precipitation is indicated for the warmer weather of Monday and Tuesday. High this afternoon was forecast for the high 20's or low 30's. Icy Pavements Lead To Traffic Accident Cold weather has caused more trouble than frozen water pipes. At the Intersection of Ash and Elm Streets the Iced pavement was instrumental in nn accident involving n 1953 Ford truck and a 1952 Chevrolet. The two vehicles crashed at Elm near the Cocn Cola Bottling Co. The left front fender of the 1953 Ford, driven by Louis Brcch of Joncaboro, was damaged. The truck,.driven by August Strnwther of 2035 Wosl Street, escaped damage, police reported, Tito Repeats Anti-BSoc Stand Yugoslav President To 'Support Peace' BELGRADE. Yugoslavia i#j — Yugoslav President Tito said again today that Yugoslavia will not enter any bloc—Communist or Western—but will pursue nn independent course to "support the policy of pence." Sun-bronzed from his 73-dny trip to India, Burma and Egypt, the Yugoslav Communist leader disembarked from the naval ship Galeb at, the Adriatic seaport of Rijeka. Belgrade radio reported thousands cheered him and singing schoolchildren scatered flowers over the waterfront. "We believe that blocs lead towards conflicts, and conflicts are the major danger of humanity," Tito declared in a speech on arriving. "The race in amis exist*," he said. "We will not Join those who believe that problems should be settled by arms. That would mean a catastrophe for the human race." Overseas Help NEW YORK i.-D — The Church World Service, representing;.major Protestant nnd Eastern Orthodox dcnominafons, says It .shipped 30,648,71)2 pounds of food, clothing and medical supplies, worth more thnn 12 million doli n rs, to needy people abroad in 105-1. i general which includes everything (equipment ' t u r e s , stoves, landscaping. Contracts for these will be let at a later date, J. Mell Brooks. Blytheville Housing officer, said today. Order in 10 Days He said the order to proceed with construction will be ready in about 10 days and that the firm indicated it would start work within a week after receiving the order. The work period called for in the contract is 300 days after order to proceed is given. Addition of the 52 new units, which will be built in 26 duplex buildings, low-rent h , Communist bloc armed strength except; t the toU1 at more than SJX mil . believed to have 175 to 225 division and more than 20.000 combat planes "in operational readiness." In addition, Eastern European satellites have 80 divisions and 2,400 combat j planes. "The seven Soviet - dominated countries," Thurstou said, "have ,n aggregate of 1,450,000 effective troops plus trained reserves of about 2,300,000." He gave this breakdown of the effective satellite forces: liament) in sessions at the Kremlin ing a new freeze-up in the cold, war. Today's broadcast laid little stress on the leadership change. It ignored the fact the Supreme this week. It came a few hours after the Moscow radio complained- that American newspapers gave a false and sensational- interpretation to thj ousting of Georgi Malenkov as Soviet Premier and his replacement by Marshal Nikolai Bulganin and to Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov's statement on international affairs. Cold War "Freeze-Up" Most Western observers viewed Soviet approved a new budget calling for an increase of about 12 per cent) in military expenditures. The switch away from Malen- kov's policy of more consumer , n | goods was described as being good ' for Russia's toiling millions. The broadcast said: "The internal policy of the Communist party and the Soviet government is clear. It is a policy of continued expansion of heavy industry and, on this basis, of the entire socialist economy, primarily of agriculture, a policy of raising further the well-being of the people." Policies For Peace It said Russia's policies for peace are opposed by the policy of .strength "which is proclaimed and pursued by the aegressive circles See SOVIET on Page 12 Cooter and Holland Closer to Merger By H. L. YEAGEB COOTER, — The Cooler-Holland school consolidation was favorably considered at a public meeting held at the Lions Club den here last night. State School Supervisor Carrol- j School directors of Cooter, Holland Bulgaria 250,000, Hungary 200,- ! ton Fulbright, who serves ten co- 1 and Steele were present. Also, Coun- 000, Romania 300,000, Poland 310.-! unties in headquarters at Cape Gir- j ty Superintendent Floyd E. Ham- will give Blvtheville 208-000. Albania 45,00, Czechoslovakia ideau. addressed the meeting in be- lett and Superintendent L. N. Kin- iou<=ing unit's This In-'215 000 and East Germany 125,000. [half of consolation and reorganiza- der of Holland and Superintendent eludes the projected total of 132 ; Ru?sia controls these satellite i tion. The attendance was less than i J. E. Godwi of Cooted were on hand, .--iciif pAiirtc. fm-ppq Thurston said, hv maintain- planned due to. the weather. Fulbright pointed to the living units total in Chickasaw __.__. , . . plus the 76-unit Cherokee Court for > ing large numbers of Soviet offi- Negroes which was completed sev- cers in advising and training- them. eral years ago. Mr. | School directors of Steele were i quite certain of their interest. In unmatched record in Missouri since j joining the reorganization. However. "New Threatening Noises" 11948 of school district reorganiza-j tnere is an advantage in this being Thurston reterred onlv briefly to ! tion - In 1948 ' prior to new scno01 < done later, or after one year in order the Soviet upheaval "which re- f ate h * Id second place m the n«-;to claim another $50,000 state grant. 1 n aws then becoming effective, the stee , e has just comp i e ted the first ;tate held second place in the nation -- with 8,422 school districts, which has now diminished to less than placed Premier Malenkov with Marshal Bulganin. He said the Rus- <-ians arc making "new threaten- in? noises" and are placing new unit of new high school building. In regard to it,s bonded indebtness. ifc ' was broueht out that it yet' had a emohasis on heavy industrv and ' 390 °- Tne 1948 record was exceeded ! margin above the combined npprais- aimaments production Then he| only be the state ° f IIlmois - 'als of Cooter and Holland districts <aid the Russians are making "new I H « was assured that reorganiza-'because of greater assessed valua- threatening noises" and are plac-jtion would continue to be expedient. , tion. mg new emphasis on heavy in- He stated > "reorganization is com- The tax i evy in stf:Cle District is dustry and armaments production, j Parable to other things moving for- , 52 50 on an assessed valuation of Then he said: \™ A " . ... ~_ ! 53.340,484. 'Only a few days ago we were treated to a spectacle of sudden and dramatic changes in the high Soviet leadership accompanied by a vitriolic' and threatening speech on foreign policy by Mr. Molotov. I will not speculate here on all the implications in these events, but they do point up sharply the \ need for continued cohesion vigilance in the free world." and Senate Okays AA Measure ul Prpr Files For Board Post Chairman Will Seek To Retain Position In School Election Blythevillc School Board President W. P. Pryor today announced that he will seek reelection to the position he now holds on the board. Mr. Pryor's application has been filed with the county election com- for the March 19 school j s i ow ly election. Yesterday, W. H. Wyatt .announced for the position now held by Mr. Pryor in what shapes up as the only race for the three positions coming up for renewal. Mr. Pryor is a veteran of about I LITTLE ROCK tfl — Establish! ment of a PI ate commission TO I make an official study of alcohol| ism w,--? approved 28-0 by the Ar- who introduced the bill, said it was sponsored by Alcoholics Anonymous. The bill sets up a seven-member commission to carry out research into the problem of alcoholism. It also is empowered to prescribe treatment for alcoholics. ward. 1 In reviewing the situation of Cooter and Holland district, he summarized advantages and benefit?. When later he was asked if there 'were objectionable features, he stat| ed that he did not know of any. | Tho.'-e present wre invited to ask ; questions. No points objectionable were voiced durinc the meeting. Solve Problem It was conceded chat converting buildings of elementary grades would solve t he problem of more rooms needed. Opposition if any. it appear? will [ stem from sources who question | whether or not the advantages will outweigh the fact that patrons in ! f ither district prefer to remain as now arid meet particular problems as they aries. In answering questions regarding m?her tax levies. Mr. Fulbright ?us- Little Rock Ta:rie d tne opinion of local and co- Cooter's levy is 52,70 on an assessed valuation of SI.164.448 Holland's levy is 32.50 on a valuation of SI.330.168. The avcnise of school levies in See SCHOOLS on Page 12 Leachville Weather eight years on the board. He took over as chairman of tho board after C. M. Smart stepped down last year. Manager of J. C. Penney Co., Blytheville store since 1940. Mr. Pryor is n past president of the BIythe- viUe Chamber of Commerce, He's also past president of Blytheville Lions Club and is a member of the Board ai Stewards of First Methodist Church. NORTHEAST ARKANSAS—Fair and continued cold this afternoon and tonfght. Tomorrow fair with rising temperature in the afternoon. Winds light to moderate northwesterly to northerly. High this afternoon mid 20's to low 30's. low tonight 5 to 15. MISSOURI — Clear nnd cold this afternoon; partly cloudy and continued cold tonight and Saturday; chance of a few snow flurries north tonight; low tonight 5-10 below extreme north to zero to 10 above south; high Saturday 10-15 north- enst to 15-25 southwest. Minimum this morning—7. Maximum yesterday—60. Simrlsn tomorrow—6:50. Sunset today—5:37. Precipitation Inat 24 hours to 7 p.m — trace. Preclpl tut Ion Jan. 1 to dote—3.49, Tills Datp Last .Vrar Maximum ycstertlay—75. Minimum this morn ins—40. ^••ectpliuilon Jnnunry 1 to dat« — unt.y ^rhool official in that the tax levy as an average would not, need to be higher. Even as a matter of record, he said, there were instances or reductions in case of reorganization. "More Per Dollar" He stated that it would be more appropriate to say that in either a decrease or increase in tax levy it wou'cl b? significant of "more benefits per dollar." /s Sunday LEACHVILLE—Leachville Methodist Church is to be dedicated Sunday night at 7:30 o'clock when Bishop Paul £, Martin will officiate. Th? sanctuary of the church h3S been completely remodeled and has new furniture throughout. The church debt has been cleared and the sanctuary remodeled and furnished with hew church furniture. Aiding the Bishop and the pastor, the Rev. T. E. Lmam, in the service will be the Rev. E. H. Hall of Dell snd the Rev. C. O. Burton of the Promised Lanri-Yarhro charges. Both were former pastors of the Leachville Church. Bender Terms Labor Merger 'The Birth of a Political Effort' WASHINGTON (ft— Sen. Bender (R-Ohio) said today there is "good reason to believe" that projected merger of the APL and CIO marks "the birth of a political effort comparable to that which produced the British Labor party." Bender praised the planned labor merger on another score. He said it should "definitely end costly jurisdictional disputes." Disagrees With RUtcr A member of the Senate Labor Committee, Bender disagreed with Henry G. Ritter, president of the National Assn. of Manufacturers, who said the merger could lend to "dangerous monopoly" from an economic standpoint. CIO President Walter Routhcr said In an interview there was "no basis" for Ritter's charge, and added: "The people who now make that charge are the very same people who have always tried to block any kind of labor organization at all," Cites Importance Senators Ivcs (R-NY) and Douglas (D-I11), both ( members of th« Labor Committee, also said In separate interviews they found no basis for Ritter'a statement. Bender said: "This could be the biggest Ubor organization In the world and lb§ Influence for good could be unlimited. But by the same token, it* potential influence for control of one or the other political parti** is a factor to be reckoned with In American political hLntory."