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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 270 Blythevllle Courier Blytheville Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blythovllle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1955 SIXTEEN PAGES Published Daily. Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Army Cut Refuted BySolons Administration Is Urged to Reconsider By RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON (AP) — House Democratic L e a d e : McCormack of Massachusetts urged the administration to day to reconsider prbposec Army manpower cuts and saic 95 per cent of House Demo crats are opposed to them. "It is a dangerous thing," he said in an interview. ' 'to think that one man is possessed of al! knowledge in one field. It could be a terrible thing for our country if the President is wrong." Sen. Russell (D-Ga) said some senators also "are greatly disturbed," but that there probably is little Congress can do unless "we want to Impeach the President, and everybody knows that is not going to happen." He said reappraisal of the cuts seems justified. 2,850,000 Men President Eisenhower has he made the final decision on the extent of manpower reductions, which propose mid -1956 armec forces of 2,850,000 men, compared with more than three million now. The bulk of the cut, 173,000 men would be in the Army. The Senate Armed Services Committee, whfch Russell heads, spent nearly six hours yesterday questioning Secretary of Defense Wilson and Adm. Arthur W. Radford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, about the reductions. Wilson later told newsmen he sees no reason to revise the plans because of the shift in Soviet Russia's leaders, and he added: "That's the President's position too." Wilson said the program will provide "an adequate defense structure for the United States . . . on a long-term basis." Others Back Ike Two Republicans, Senators Duff of Pennsylvania and Flanders of Vermont, said in separate interviews they are backing Eisenhower's decisions, Flanders said: "Even if we had more ground forces, we could not use them'im- mediately in case of a sudden war," Russell and Sen. Byrd (D-Val told newsmen they are undecided on the issue. Chairman Virison (D-Ga) of the House Armed Services Committee reiterated his support for the President's program. But McCormack said that in view of developments ranging from the Soviet political change to the Fonnosan situation, "I cannot understand how any leadership See ARMY on I'aRe 3 Three Are Held For Bean Theft Negroes Charged With Grand Larceny Three Newocs are being held in the county jail on charges of grand larceny. Charges «-ere filed today in the Circuit Court against them. James Thomas. .1. C. Williams, and Clarence Sullivan. Negroes. have been charged with stealing soybeans from the J. H. Brinn Farm near DeU and the Trh'W Wall and Rilcy Duncan Farm near Manila. Sheriff William Berryman said that the three are enlarged with the theft of about 21 sacks of soybeans from the farms. He said they sold the beans at various firms in the city. The beans were taken during December. They were sacked up arid hauled to town in a car. Sheriff Berryman stated that the men were picked up on suspicion of another attempted robbery at another farm and investigation led officers to discovery or the soybean thefts. Nationalists Scorch Tachens After Completion of Pullout Three Islands Are Stripped oi All Population Experts Say Problems Are too Big For Immediate Ike-Sh.ukov Talks FIRE DEBRIS CLEARED — Most of the re- cupled by the J. C. Ellis Implement Company, mains of last week's $100,000 fire on Walnut Street Mr. Ellis said today that he had no present plans had been cleared today, though a large amount .. for rebuilding the fire-razed structure. (Courier of debris still remains in the area formerly oc- News Photo) General Assembly Gets Bills To Kill Cherry's Fiscal Code By RAY STEPHENS LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Repeal of the Fiscal Code, and the substitution for it of three , ;eparate departments of state finance, were offered by Gov. Orval Faubus' administration to I N southwest of the Tachens, had arrived in Formosa. The communique said guerrilla force?, from those Islands had been redeployed — indicating they possibly were taken to Quemoy, Matsu or Nanchishan. Civilians Already Gone Reports from the Tachens said ationalist troops were filing ! aboard U. S. transports in biting The introduction "of four bills in the Senate and one in the House carried out a cam- j cold and rain squalls. The civilians pledge by Faubus in his successful race against former Gov. Francis Cherry last sum- alxehaedr g Jj,^ ^ no si o£ chi nese Communist interference. By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower may invite Russia's Marshal Georgi K, By FRED HAMPTON ; ZhMkf.v to. visit him someday, but the experts are not betting on it. TA'PEl (AP) — Nationalist There are too many problems, hostilities and suspicions between Moscow and Wash- China has stripped three small ington to make such an invitation possible now. islands near the Red mainland One of lhe President's associates* — of their e-tire population — sald he does I 101 see ," a chance !, civilian anrl military anH ' In a m:!hon for such an '"vita-j ' uunan ana military — and ; ti0n Slats Department officials be^un redeployment of Us;iabel the whole question "prema- forces on the burned and i turc." blasted Tachen Islands thel ^ et diplomats said that in some defense ministry said today. special future circumstances A communique said all the "civilians from the tv/o Yushan Islands. 30 miles north of the Tsch- ens, and from Pishan, 32 miles the General Assembly yesterday. Fnubus said then that he would seek repeal of the Fiscal Code. product of Cherry's administration. The Code concentrated all of ,he state's financial dealings under a single department. floor leader, Sen. J. Lee Bearden of Leach ville, who won Senate approval of the Fiscal Code two , years ago, introduced one of the the friendship which developed between Elsenhower and Zhubov when they were AJlied military leaders in Berlin at the end of West Diplomats See Trouble for Soviet By RICHARD O'KEGAN VIENNA (AP) — Russia is going to have trouble in gast world War n might prove useful j Europe by returning to its "guns instead of butter" policy, 10 both countries. j \vestern diplomats in Vienna believe. Banished From Moscow > [ . + These Explosions reverberated around Hearing on Cotton Acreage Issue Called WASHINGTON (AP) — A House agriculture subcom- nittee, shooting for an increase in the national cotton acreage allotment, will hold a hearing tomorrow to give "everyone a chance to come in and be heard." It was significant that Cheiry's new administration's four bills to, lht Tachens as Nationalist President C h i a n g-shek's forces blasted and burned a maze of underground defense works. Other tiled tons of ammunition Red Cross Names Drive Chairmen Mrs. W. L. Horricr today was named residential division chairman for the American Red Cross lund drive by Alvin Huffman, Chlckasawba District Chairman. Mrs. C. A. Cunningham will be assistant in the campngin that begins March 1. Mrs. Honier previously has been residential chairman for the Community Chest campaign. Inside Today's Courier News . . . . Chicks »nd Paps Open County Tournament TonlRlit . . . Former ny«s» Slar Wayne r.cmons May he Headed for \] of A . . • Dell and l)yf<M Glrln Move Dp In County Olrl» Tourney . . . Sporl» . . . I'nirrfl A and 7 ... . . . Your Heart's In Volir Hands . . . Doctor C«n Help Your Coronary—M You Do ... Fourth In a Serlea . .. Pane S. Eden Sidesteps : ormosa Query Says Reds' Refusal To Attend Talks Is Being Studied LONDON 1,-Pt—Foreign Secretar. nthuiiy Eden side-stepped a Labore demand today that he immediately arrange a Geneva-type conference to obtain a Formosa cease fire. Opposition member James Hudson asked Eden in the House ol Commons: "In view of the refusal oi Chou En-lai to meet the United Nations, will you lake immediate sleps to summon an international conference to which both China and the United States will be invited, with a view to obtaining i cease-fire in the Formosa Strait?" Being Studied Eden replied: "The consequences of the Chine.se refusal are bring studied by her majesty's govern ment in close consultation with Commonwealth and other friendly jovernments." The British Foreign Office refused to comment on ihe government's .secret negotiations with other nations for a cease-fire. But Indian Prime Minister Nehru told a news conference here last night that the Western powers, Rus.sia and India were secretly canvassing- all possible moves to enc! Ihe Chinr fighting. Nehru said this included a suggestion for a conference outside the United Nations, but he refused to elaborate further. Spurned Proposal British informants said Britain already has spurned n secret proposal made last week by Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov for a Formosa conference without the participation of Nationalist China. The conservative Daily Telegraph, which often reflects the views of the Churchill Cabinet, editorially branded Molotov's conference proposal n propaganda move to divide the West. Rep. E. C. Gathings (D-Ark), head of the subcommittee, said day. House Gets One The House got only one bill. supplies to the rocky introduced by Rep. Raymond Mays .- y- oops shul of Cleveland County, and it was! anrj ot ' ner identical to one of the four offered i b eacnci; to the Senate. Sen. Roy Milum, an i „ g 7 h p , t warahips administration leader, offered the : churned lhe Ea£t china Sca aroimd j ihe island and jets swept over- other three Senate bills. Faubus proposes to establish; head protecting the critical mill- separate departments of disburse-] tary withdrawal. ment and purchasing, and set up a state Board of Finance to supervise all financial matters. Civilians already had been removed. Most of tbe refugees al- readv were on the Nationalist bas- A state comptroller would direct u on of Formosa 200 miles to the the disbursing of all funds, a state purchasing agent would be responsible for buying all state supplies. south. Withdrawal Completed Nationalist sources said the with- Zhukov moved into the spotlight yesterday when he was appointed defense minister of the Soviet' Union. A few years ago under the late Joseph Stalin he had apparently been banished from Moscow. Eisenhower was reminded of Zhukov's new eminence at his news conference yesterday and was told Zhukov had said recently he still held the dream of Visiting the United States someday. Eisenhower paid warm tribute to Zhukov as a military leader and confirmed that each of them had told the other he was sure his country would not attack the other's homeland. The President said he had, at the direction of Washington, invited Zhukov. to visit this country in 1945. Zhukov accepted but later called off the visit, giving illness as the reason. The President himself indicated to newsmen the improbability of a visit under present conditions. He commented that "this would be a remarkable thing at the present state^of affairs." He added that he ""certainly wouldn't hesitate" to talk over with his adviers the 4 Airmen Die In Jet Crash ST. JOHNS, Nfld., (/P)—Four U. S. airmen died yesterday in two Am- crlcnn Air Force F95 Starfire jet, fifthtcrs which crashed into the jush nnd burned near Goose Bny, Labrador. U. S. Northcn.st Air Command headquarters here said both planes were on routine flights from the QOOSR Bay bn.se. They went down within five minutes of each other and jilinost. seven miles apart. Names were withhold. yesterday that after tbe hearing the committee will aim for legislation to increase the 1955 acreage allotment by three per cent to relieve hardship cases. 540,000 Acre Hike He said "members feel that relief can hardly bp given with less than a Ihree per cent increase." A three per cent increase would mean a hike of about 540,000 acres — about 45,000 acres for Arkansas, Cat!) ings said • — in the present national allotment of 18,183,000 acres. The Agriculture Department reduced the allotment thh year from 1954's allotment of 21.370,000 acres. Numerous Bills Numerous congressmen from cotton growing- .slates have offered bills that would, increase the allotments, but the Agriculture Department has said it will not support such legislation. Ga things said t was hope the Agriculture Department would back — or at least not oppose — a proposed increase to relieve hardship cases. New BAFB Bids Are Accepted Bids on construction of three projects at Blytheville Air Force Base are now being taken by the Army Corps of Engineers in Little Rock. The bids will be opened in mid- March. The three projects will include a cold storage warehouse, a concrete igloo wit.h crane rail and hoist and a bottled gas storage building. The igloo project will include a separate storage magazine and more than two miles of road work. Debate on Labor Bill Commences LITTLE ROCK HI _ The House odny began debate on proposed repeal of the 1043 "nnti labor violence net." The act makes it n felony to resort to force or threats of force to "attempt to prevent any person from engaging in any lawful vocation." | Formosan D WASHINGTON l/p>— For the second time in two weeks, the Semite n effect has told Communist China to keep hands off Formosa, By a lopsided 64-6 vote, the Senate )ast night approved a mutual -security treaty with Nationalist China pledging American military The Board of Finance would include the governor, state treasurer, state auditor, bank commissioner and comptroller. Aldermen Bill Beaten yesterday, the Senate defeated a bill to force city aldermen o run at large, instead of limiting their races to the wards which they serve. The bill, by Sen. Ellis F»gan of Little Rock, got only 15 votes, three short of the required majority. A bill of Rep. Russell Roberts of Faulkner County to permit circuit clerks to accept surety bonds required under the existing .automobile drivers' financial responsibility law was defeated 47-34. The bond, which insures that a person involved in a serious traffic See ASSEMBLY on Page 3 Faubus Wants Sales Tax Boost Says He'll Prepare 2 Bills if Needed LITTLE ROCK C/T) — The arimin- i? tration will prepare two bills to increase the sta.se sales tax if no member of the Legislature offers the measures. Gov. Orval Faubus told hi? news conference this morning that his administration wants to make certain that both bills are 1 introduced. One would increase the two per cent sales tax over a period of 13 months; the other for two yr.ir.s. "T think the bills will be prrpnred without us having to do it." said Faubus, "but we will submit them if we have to." Fnubus has suggested to the Legislature that they increase the sales tax by one per cent to provide additional money for the schools. He has estimated that the increase would provide $10,300,000 annually for education. Ftuibus wants the increase to he on a temporary basis only so that local governments can have lime to equalize property tax assessments to the point of providing their own school financing. efense Pact amendments, the Senate approved the treaty with less than six hours of debute. Voting against it were Senators Chavez (D-NM>, Gore (D-Tcnn), Kofnuvcr (D-Tennt, Lehman (D-Llb-NY), Longer iR-ND) nnd Morse (Ind-Ore). drawal had been completed on three outlying islands, the Yu Shan group 35 miles northeast and Pish- an 32 miles southwest of the Ta- chens. The government announced a decision to pull out civilians on Na- chishan, 80 miles south of the Ta- chens. But official quarters said the military garrison would remain there and probably would be strengthened to maintain the island as a northern shield for Formosa. AP Correspondent Jim Bekcer reported from the Tachenp that Nationalist iroops were "blasting into u--c!e^nc?5 a labyrinth of caves and 'urine'?." "Seeir.;:: •.;!>• entile.-*) streams of brown-cl.id s o 1 ci.i ers sloshed through the mud. lu2C',ng boxed used to rieicnd this northernmost machine '-jim.^ which never will be mortar shells, hand grenades and outpost," .Becker sairi. "Symbol of Defeat" "The Commur.i.-t3 are blasting too. on the low brown island of Yikiangshan only eight miles away. "In the choppy, brown muddy waters off the tfachensi beaches, small landing boats maneuver around the burned hulk of a long LST sunk by the Communist^ in a shallow wr.rer during- a bombing before the evacuation started. -It seems a symbol of defeat and retreat. "Hnrd-biUin Rear Adm. Lorenzo Sherwood Sabin Jr. squints at the LST and the empty villages of the Tachens from under his two-star See CHINESE on Page 3 Wycli Awarded Farm Bureau Trip Bill Wyntt, past president of Mississippi County Farm Bureau, will depart Fc-b. 23 for Washington where he will spend three days ns ^ reward for the county chapter's nembership accomplishments during 1954. Nine Arkansans are selected to make the trip to Washington where they,,, will visit the Farm Bureau's, biS Washington office in operation and confer with various Congressmen. Gets Senat Morse Led Opposition Sen. Morse led tne small but stubborn opposition nnd sought unsuccessfully lo nmend it. He argued that it bolstered Chinese Nationalist claims to sovereignty over the islands and increased the danger of World War III. i problem of an invitation ' n ^ found it desirable." Bids Opened Today for New Housing Units Contracts were scheduled to b let at 2 p.m. today for the ne\ ?TOO,000 addition to Blytheville 1 fpopral hnU5inc project. Bids will be opened in the admin :?: ration building at Chickasav Courts. Blytheville Housing Office J Mell Brooks said today. The project, which will be a addition to the present Chickas:i\ Courts, calls for construction of 5 These units will be added to ih present. BO units to give low-ren housing program a total of 13 family units. The 5600,000 ficure is an approxt mat ion of. the cost of the projec made by Mr. Brooks, and include the cost of the land. Approximately 15 general con tract bids are expected. Mr Broks sain thai 60 sets of specifi cations for the job had been re quested by contractors. Ike Departs For Georgia Quail Hunt WASHINGTON (tf) — President Eisenhower flies .to Thomasville, Ga. today for a weekend of quail shooting at the estate of Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey. The chief executive and Humphrey were beinc accompanied by theii wives and Mrs. Eisenhower's mothei Mrs. John S. Doud. Eisenhower plans to fly back to Washington Sunday. White House Press Secretarj James C. Hngerty said the President plans to do some work "on a couple of matters" in between rounds of quail shooting. He did not specify the nature of the work. e Approval defense chain" starting in northern Japan and running southward to Australia and New Zealand. Second Beaten Morse proposed an amendment to make clear in the treaty that the United States did not recog- nise Chlanc Kai-shek's title to For- East European experts don't expect the fall of Georgi Mal- enkov to bring many changes in the leadership of the Soviet Satellites. One or two "front" men for the apparently outdated policy of more consumers goods may lose their jobs. But these diplomats think Russia will be just as happy to let "collective leadership"—on its way out at home—continue in the satellites as a barrier to any new Titos. Resistance In Poland The big- effect of the Moscow changes, the diplomats predict, is likely to be in the resistance of the 70 million people of Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. Opposition to the Communist regimes was strong before Stalin died and Malenkov announced his policy of more for the people. That "new look" policy undoubtedly lessened supressed resistance a little, but there is still a great deal. Recent Iron Curtain travelers report continued bitterness and disillusionment. With the new back-to-Stalin industrialization policy, Western diplomats expect resistance to increase again. Some observers expect it to be kept underground by a revival of the Stalin "big stick" terror policy-: Conditions Not Good Soviet Foreign Minister V, M. Molotov's threat to join Russian and satellite armies under one command may have another purpose besides a military one: it could help to keep the restless East European m.r-ses under control, observer? here pom< on'.. Economic conditions behind the Bill) Wyatt today became ; iron Curtain are not at all good. n r.'iHivrin'e for a position on Bly- , Despue n year and a half of (he theville's School Board. ] "new look" and emphasis on agri- Election Commission Chairman culture, the Reds report immense Officer Jesse Taylor said Mr. Wyatt's pe- , shor-asres in food supplies. Nor has •n has been filed :n his office ' ihere been a crest increase in con- W. H. Wyalt W.H.WyafiFiles For School Post Three Board Members Are Up for Re-Election in March VoHng \V. H Adding to '.he Reds' problem, more consumer qoods and less police pressure seem to have brought a hour an actual reduction—instead i He will be running for the posi- 1 nnn now he-id by "School Board Frc-3!rieni Paul Pryor. Others up for new terms include of lhc expec , ed mcrease _in pro- Alvm Huffman. Jr.. who will be ductlon of coa!i e]cc mc power and . the medium and heavy industries. >"asy Will Quit 'tie-year U'li'ire. j -^he chief chance anticipated in Mr. Cauriill, appointed by the , , ne satellite leadership is predicted ir.~ fnr a three-year urni. and will finish out that term, if ap- Kacy will resign publicly or quiet- prcnrd by voters, and then, at the My disappear. Hun^.irian Cnmmn- \ for a three-year term to remain on the board. Mr. Pryor this morning said he cently re-emerged from the background into which he had stepped after Stalin's death. In the interim has not as yet filed for re-election, he had made Nagy "front man" and has not decided if he will make a r.ace for the post. Mr. Wyatt has long been active for the policy of more consumer goods. Rakosi also announced, after a vacation in Moscow that Hungary in city, county and state civic, church" and political affairs. , would revive its program of heavy He is past president of the Mis-1 industrialization. , sissippi County Farm Bureau and; Otherwise, the top men are ex— President | currently is a member of the board '_ pected to remain in Czechoslovak' of directors of the Arkansas Farm ia, Poland, Romania and Bulgaria,Bureau. He also is a member of the of- responsible noW to Soviet party boss Nikita Khrushchev. The lead- board of First Methodist! ers of those satellites are all Stalin h and serves on the board of j men, and "yes men" who have n no Tito-like tendencies. might in defense of Formosa nnd the nearby Pescadores Islands. A strong fnvornble vote had been expected In the light of the ncccpt- nnce given Jan. 28 to use President Eisenhower's request for congressional approval of his use of American troops in the Fur East if necessary, but the finnl fiction on the treaty en mo with surprising speed. After decisively rejecting that the United States, in accordance with its constitutional processes, will help Formosa, the Pescadores anrl ".such other territories as may be determined by mutual agreement." The Chinese Legislative Yunn already has approved Ihe nnw pact, so its provisions take effect ns soon ns ratification instruments are exchanged.. "This Is not a treaty at all but n military alliance with :i Chinese leader involved Ir. civil war," he said. Kefauver said the treaty "ties our hand.s" In trying to obtain United Nallous action on a cease- fire. But Sen. George (D-Oa), chairman of the. Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said the treaty It the "Keystone to our Western mosa, but it was rejected 57-11. The second Mor.se. amendment sought to eliminate from the treaty the clause mentioning "other territories." This was downed 60-10. However, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee took official note that It is the understanding of the Senate that "nothing In the treaty .shall be construed to modify the legal slnlus of the territories to which It applies." He's a past president of Blytheville's junior Chamber Commerce, also. In addition, he's chairman of the board of Yarbro Co-Op Gin and serves on the boards of the County Tuberculosis Association and Blytheville Y. X-Ray Unit Here in April Mobile x-ray unit of the Arkansas State Board of Health will be in Mississippi County In April to give citizens free chest x-rays, it was announced today. Tentative schedule for the conn ty is April 5-22. a reduction in visiting days of about H. The unit probnbly will set up at Central School to x-ray school children. Stork Gets in Act TAIPEI, Formosa vfl — Chinese press reports said a girl was born aboard a refugee-laden landing ship yesterday half an hour before It docked at the northern Formosan port of Kcelung, Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS — Cold wave warning. Cloudy and much colder this afternoon and tonight with light rain or snow tonight. Friday partly cJoudy and continued cold. High this afternoon mid 50s. Low tonight 10 to 20. MISSOURI — Cold wave with snow blowing and drifting snow this afternoon and tonight with gradual clearing and diminishing wind from the northwest across the state tonight; temperatures falling to .5-15 below zero northwest to 5-10 above southeast by Friday morning; Friday clear and very cold; high Friday 5-15 northwest to 15-20 southeast. Minimum thlM mornlnK—W, Maximum ycatcrelay—63. SunrUo tomorrow—0:91. Sunnct totiay—5:3B. Precipitation Inn 24 houn to 7 p.m. — none. I'reclpltiUlon Jan. 1 to data— 3M, ThU (lair- l,a»( y rar Maximum yrftterdny—73, Minimum thin mornlrm—43, Precipitation January 1 to d*t« — 8.15.