The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on February 8, 1955 · Page 1
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February 8, 1955

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, February 8, 1955
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OT NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOUW YOL. L—NO. 268 Blythevllle Courier Blythevllle Dally Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevllle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TOESDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1955 EIGHTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Tacheh Evacuation Is Without Incident U.S. Naval, Air Armada Stands Guard TAIPEI, Formosa (AP) — Tachen islanders carrying fishing nets and a few treasured belongings streamed aboard Nationalist landing craft and U. S. transports today from rocky beaches under protection of a mighty American naval and air armada. There was no sign of interference from Communist artillery on nearby Yiklangshan or from the hundreds of Russian - built jets based within close range on the Red China mainland. American jets swooshed overhead and U.S. 7th Fleet warships plowed through the choppy waters of the East China Sea off the Ta- chens as the Nationalist evacuation moved into high gear. Civilians were given first priority. Women and children plodded through the mud of their villages, past cackling fowl, down to the rocky, tide-swept beaches of Lower Tachen. Men, some old and feeble Joined in the migration. The Nationalist outpost, abandoned under U.S. pressure, lies 200 miles north of Formosa and only 14 miles from the Red mainland. Most of the 15,000 or more civilians were on Lower Tachen and 15,000,Nationalist troops and guerrillas were on its sister island just to the north. Quemoy Buildup The Nationalist Central News Agency in a Hong Kong dispatch said the Chinese Reds were strengthening forces near the Nationalist-held coastal Island of Quemoy, 350 miles south of the Ta- chens. Nationalists repelled a Red Invasion attempt there in October 1949, Inflicting thousands of casualties on the Communists. While Red China's military arm was quiet, Its propaganda voice clamored that U.S. participation was a "pretext to invade the Chinese coastal islands and expand its aggression against China." P e 1 p 1 n g radio heard here, broadcast an editorial from the official Peoples Dally which concluded' "United Slates' war threats cannot Intimidate the Chinese people in their determination to liberate Taiwan (Formosa) and other Chinese islands." AP Correspondent Jim Becker reported from the amphibious flagship Estes that the actual loading of civilians began at 8 a.m. today. Adm. Alfred M. Pride flashed word from his flagship, the cruiser Helena, that the first refugee, a man, boarded the U.S. attack transport See CHINESE on Page 3 10-Year Term is Handed Out CARUTHERSVILLE — C h a rles Jones, Hayti Negro, Was to 10 years in the state entenced GET TOP AWARDS —'Glen Ray Boyett (left), of Troop 31 received his Life Scout award last night from his father, Fred Boyett, at a district court of honor in municipal courtroom. Looking on are (left) Bobby Saffell and Jerry Flagg, both of Troop 56, who received Star awards. The trio got the top badges last night as Boy Scout week opened. (Courier News Photo) Faubus Proposes Plan for Tax Hikes LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Authority to force an increase in local property taxes was sought yesterday from the Legislature by Gov. Orval Faubus, who also suggested temporary Ike Seeks $7 Billion School Plan Emergency Construction Program Asked By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON (AP)—President Eisenhower today called for a seven-billion-dollar emergency school construction program over the next three years into which the federal "overnment would channel 51,100,000,000. The four-point program, set out in a special message to Congress, proposed that 750 million dollars of federal funds be used to buy school bonds of local communities which cannot sell them In the open market at reasonable interest rates. Altogether, the President called for authorization of 900 million dollars in federal loans and 200 million dollars in federal grants. In addition. Eisenhower asked the lawmakers to authorize 20 million dollars to "plan sound long- term financing of the public schools free from obsolete restrictions" on construction. He recommended an appropriation of 5 million dollars, out of that total, for the first year. Importance Cited Eisenhower said "the best possible education for all of our young people is a fixed objective of the American nation" and declared the "importance of free education to a free way of life" cannot be denied. He said: "The phrase 'free education' i-s | a deliberate choice. For unless i action today with no concerted op- education continues to be free— | position in sight and passage as- Nikolai Bulganin Named New Premier of USSR Malenkov Resigns Confessing Failure By RICHARD KASISCHKE , MOSCOW (AP) — With a confession of failure, Georgi M. Moienkov resigned today as premier of the Soviet Union. The defense minister, Marshal Nikolai A. Bulganin, became Georgl Malenkov Seen fo 4-Year Draft Extension Bill Called Up Before House; Passage Assured WASHINGTON wi—A bill to extend the military draft for another four years was called up for House free in its response to local community needs, free from any suggestion of political domination, and free from impediments to the pursuit of knowledge by teachers and students—it will cease to serve the purposes of free men." sales tax increases to help pull public schools out of the red. Faubus suggested a three-part financial program to the General Assembly, which heard the governor in joint session. He asked for a permanent tax increase to make Scouts Gel 78 Various Badges 123 Persons Jam Courtroom to Attend . District Court of Honor Seventy-eight awards were handed out lo Boy Scouts of the North Mississippi County District last night before a packed municipal courtroom here. , Nearly no persons jammed the prison "| courtroom to watcn scouts receive courro o m o W ac ^ Jefferson City, Mo on a charge 0[ rccognJUon for thejr advanremcnt second degree burglary in Circuit Court here Monday. He is accused of breaking into a home in Hayti. In other court action, the parole of Arthur Grant. 19-year-old Caruthersville Negro, was revoked. which rnneMl from Tenderfoot to Life Scout—one notch below Eagle. Receiving the Life badge was Glen Ray Boyett of Blythevllle Troop 31. Bobby Saffell and Jerry Flagg. both of Milligan Ridge's Troop 5C, got their Star Scout badges, one step Grant was found guilty of grand „ from Li f e larceny in Magistrate Court on Jan. j Appcarlnj , on the program were ! Raymond Powers of Milligan Ridge, 22 and was sentenced to two years ^ in the state prison and released on j DJ5 - trl( , t Cnalrman Jlm Gardner, Jim parole. He was found guilty of stealing copper wire and a radiator from McCoy's junk yard here in December. Execution Stay Granted Holiis C A R U T H ERSVtLLE — David Houston Holiis 23, of Caruthersvillej ^ ^^; h() Mf Rjch . was brought before Magisliate on ^ ^ coms ()] Court, here Monday morning on.aj th( , t] . oop ]evel wi ,, b( , sc]ledule(! „ Cleveland. J. V. Dates, Bill Williams, H. A. Haincs and Fred Boyett, who prj.:entfo his son (lie Life Badge. Mr. Powers handed out 49 merit badges to scouts from various troops. Troop 31 of Blythevllle was . in charge ot the candle light ceremony and Kenneth Richardson, district advancement chairman and recent recipient of a 15-year .service award, was chairman of the court. Nc.xt regularly scheduled district court will be run off at the district's charge ot careless and reckless driving and was found guilty. He entered n. plea of guilty and was fined S100 and costs and sentenced to 60 days in the county jail. He was granted a stay of execution on the fine and Jail sentence by Magistrate Judge Sam J. Corbett, Sr. Houston was driving the car in which Billle Mathls Pierce, 34, of Caruthersville, was fatally injured Jan. 29 on the CoUonwood Road near Caruthersville. Special Boy Scout Section Out Today The Boy Scouts of America celebrate their 45th birthday this week and In observance of the occasion Blythevllle businessmen and the Courier News have combined to recognise Scouts In the North Mississippi County District. In a special nine-page section of today's Issue will be found n resume of the district's activities during 1054 and pictures ot most of Its Scout units. Units not reporting to the Courier News during the past month are not pictured except In those cases where they supplied their own pictures. Thus, several plc- ture« were not available. request. Late Bulletins— WASHINGTON (/P^—Chairman Lewis L. Strauss disclosed today (he Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) met Saturday and "by majority vole" declined to cancel the Dtxon-Yates contract. The Democratic majority of the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee had asked thai It be cancelled. LITTLE ROC KWV-The House today refused for the third time lo reconsider a bill it has pass- tied to divert a portion of state highway money to municipal street work. The bill now is in the Senate. WASHINGTON W) — The Senate Foreign Relations Committee today approved the Formosa mutual defense treaty committing this nation to defend Chlnng Kai- shek's Island refuge. The vote was 11-2. Sens, Morse (Ind-Ore) and I,an~ ger (R-ND) voted "no." Senate notion — ratification require* a two-thirds vote — wa» 'anticipated speedily, possibly Thursday. up a four million dollar state d ficit; a temporary sales tax increase to provide more school money; and state authority to compel the equalization of property assessments. General Approval The governor's address met generally with the qualified approval of the lawmakers, although many of them said they would not vole to increase state taxes. Few of the legislators agreed to go with the governor wholeheartedly. And. those who said they would support a temporary lax increase stipulated lhat an effort lo boost local properly taxes also would have lo be approved. Faubus said his overall program would bring in an addilional 20 million dollars a year in stale revenue. If (he sales tax increase is approved, he said, the schools will get an additional $10,300,000 annually. The governor said, however, that the core of Arkansas' "financial plight" lies in inequitable property tax assessments. He asked the Legislature to establish a state tax board with the authority "to recommend the withholding of stale aid" to counties, cities and school districts which do nothing to increase property taxes. Faubus said he thought that two years might be required property laxes into line, and llien i Fire Rating ie | Men to Appear Before Council Blytheville's City Council Is to hear a report on its fire protection facilities and may get a statement on progress of work on the southern sewer improvement district when it meets tonight. Two representatives from the Arkansas office which rates cities as insurance risks are to appear before the Council and , point out previously disclosed expenditures i tne j r reserve obligations after corn- needed to keep the city from losing ] pi e tj n g active service. Another fea- its sixth-class rating. _ [ ture, a kind of test for universal military training, would provide sured. Secretary of Defense Wilson has described the draft as essential to maintain the strength of the armed services. The measure was approved 32-0 by the House Armed Services Committee last week. The present draft law expires next June 30. The Senate has yet to act on an extension. Draft quotas are currently running around 11,000 men monthly. The measure woma continue until mid-1959 the government's authority to draft young men of 18'/2 26 years for two years active service, followed by six years obligation in the reserves. Another of the Eisenhower administration's military manpower measures was taken up, meanwhile, by a House Armed Services subcommittee headed by Rep. Brooks (D-La). Reserve Assured One provision is designed to insure that draftees keep up with A preliminary report from the Chamber of Commerce Sewer Corn- that an annual quota of 100.000 mittee has been tentatively sched- i V0 ] unleers be given six months' uled to be presented tonight. The session will begin at 8 o'lcock in municipal courtroom of City Hall. Manila Youth's Wounds Said Suicide Effort suggested that a sales tax increase from two to three per cent would finance a "minimum school program" for this period. Alternative MANILA — A 23-year-old Manila man was reported in "very crit- ''VJJical" condition at Ration's Hospital here shortly before noon today suffering from gunshot wounds Deputy Sheriff Lee Baker said were self inflicted. Deputy Baker identified the man as Junior Wright. He was found , UTTL£ ROCK (/p) _ A pro; training, instead of two years' service as draftees, on condition they agree to another 9'/2 years' reserve obligation. The Armed Services Committee proposed two changes in the draft law extension: 1. Youths who join the National Guard before the age oi IS'/i and serve continuously in it until they are 26 would be exempt from subsequent draft. They are liable now until 35. 2. Those serving six months or more in the uniformed services or 24 months in the public health service since September 1940. could not be inducted for a second tour of duty. I Luxury Tax Dropped Ivinjr in his house trailer home The governor also suggested the; Beat-champ's Corner on the out- one per cent increase in the sales j s jrj r £ S O f Manila tax over a 13-momh period, run-;' ' D cpmy Baker said a single blast niiiK from next April 1 through • trom nn automatic 12-Kuage shot May 1. 1956. This, ho said, alsojj,,,,, struck young Wright in the would provide $10.300,000, with the | stomach. schools to take it in ono year or j xhe officer said Wright told him two years. ; he fired the shot himself. Broadening of ihe current sales i Young Wright was found by his tax to cover such professional I mother. Mrs. Mary Wright, a few was 10 .per cent "luxury" tax dropped in the House today. The bill was withdrawn by its co-author. Rep. Ben Bynum of ChicoL County, who told newsmen he was convinced it could not be passed. costs a.s legal and medical was suggested by Fnubus as an alternative to increasing the levy. A 20 per cent tax on tobacco — See FAURUS on I'aRC 3 minutes after the shooting. Deputy Bnker slated that Wright. who is crippled in one • arm and one leg, had been under a doctor's care for several years. Boot Sinks; 8 Drown PUNCHAL, Madeira Island i#) — A boat carrying 10 passengers from shore to a coastal ship capsized yesterday. Eight personsv were drowned and two were missing. premier. The dramatic shift spotlighted to the nation (1) an all-out Soviet concentration on heavy (arms) industry and (2) the prominence of Nikita S. Khrushchev as the nation's No. l Communist. The announcements were made before the Supreme Soviet (Parliament), which gave Khrushchev the day's biggest ovation. It was Khrushchev who nominated Marshal Bulganin for the premiership, presenting one of the most remarkable displays of personal influence since the Soviet "collective leadership" took over after the death of Stalin. Malenkov, stepping down from the post he assumed 12 hours after Joseph Stalin's death in March, 1953. confessed himself a failure in the field of agriculture and announced that the only correct course for the Soviet Union is con centration on the development of heavy Industry. In a speech to the Parliament, he acknowledged the need to turn over his post to, "another comrade with greater experience in state work." He requested his own removal, and then warned that it was to be expected this would provoke ."slanderous inventions" in the West. He expressed faith In the "monolithic" unity of the Communist party. New Job Planned Malenkov is taking a new job but what it will be was not announced.. The new premier, white-bearded Bulganin. was the Communist in direct charge of Soviet armed forces—under Stalin—during World War H, He is 59. Khrushchev is 60 and Malenkov 53. Some Western diplomats saw in J the choice of Bulganin a further evidence of the growing strength of the army in the Soviet government. Others speculated that Bulganin would serve as a sort of chairman of the board rather than a personal leader. All those present took due note that the nominating speech was made by Khrushchev and that he had been greeted by a big standing ovation at the outset. Khruschev said Bulganin was the unanimous choice of the Communist party Central Committee and the Council of Ministers. Yet Bul- ganin seemed a dark horse in the race for the premiership. Speculation in the Moscow foreign colony had centered on Khrushchev or Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov as Malenkov's successor. The Parliament gave its unanimous approval to the designation of Bulganin. Immediately after that Molotov launched into a speech on Soviet foreign policy. The 53-year-old Ma- lenkov, seated between President Klementy Voroshilov and Khrushchev, listened intently as the foreign minister bitterly and repeatedly accused the United States trying lo impose "an iron curtain and an iron heel" on the Western Hemisphere. Khrushchev Active Khrushchev has been personally identified with all the most important events in Soviet life the past year. Among other things he has had personal charge of the new agricultural program with its stress on mechanization and the opening of virgin lands in Central Asia and elsewhere in Siberia. Also he has headed the recent drive for concentration on the development of heavy industry. Malenkov was identified, in the public mind with the campaign to concentrate on light industries in order to produce consumer goods and raise the standard of living of the Soviet people. . . This concentration on light Indus- try was denounced recently as contrary to the teachings of Lenin and Stalin and dangerous for the Soviet state. Malenkov, in his re- See BULGANIN on Page 3 Nikolai Bu.tgan.in Long Trusted By Soviet Officials In Varied High. Posts By TOM WHITNET Associated Press Staff Writer Marshal Nikolai Bulganin, the new Soviet premier, Is the man whom Stalin and Stalin's heirs trusted to administ&r for many years the gigantic Soviet war machine. With his iron gray hair, his care* * * Here Is Text Of Malenkov's Resignation Statement Made Before Joint Session of Soviet SovietShiftMeansTriumphforStalinism By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Foreign News Analyst The resignation of Georgi promised to ease the lot of the man in the street. For the Chinese they seem to mean closer collaboration and dovetailing of policies Malenkov as premier of the | between Peiplng and Moscow in a Soviet Un.ion signals the end of the post-Stalin "collective leadership." The dead Stalin has triumphed, and the Soviet Union henceforth can be expected to express Stalinism both in domestic and foreign affairs. The continuing Kremlin struggle for power docs not yet seem to have been fully resolved. There are ominous portents on the horizon. But today's developments are bound to have severe repercussions. Complete Reversal For the European satellite governments they mean A complete reversal of lha "new course" which, alter Stalin's death, had joint political assault on the non- Communist world. Marshal Nikolai Bulganin, the new premier, looks like a figurehead. Bulganin, who has held the title defense minister, has a military title, but always has been a Communist party politician, schooled in Red discipline. Rift BONK Niklta S. Khrushchev, first secretary of the Communist party, looks like the big boss who will be giving the orders. He made tills fairly clear Jan. 3A in a rugged speech lo the Communist party Centra] Committee which carried in It the threat of a new pr.rge. Despite Malenkov's abject confession of error and promise to cooperate, things look bad for Malen- kov. Eventually, It seems likely, he will fall Into further disgrace. While the announcement to the rubber- stamp Supreme Soviet (Parliament) was sudden and dramatic, the change was months in coming about. Its first evidences could be noted ns long as last June. When the European satellite countries began veering away from their much-touted post-Stalin "new course," it was obvious that the line was being laid down in Moscow und that Khrushchev was doing the dictating. Khrushchev actually begun a gradual takeover of the reins after the arrest of police boss. Lavrenty Beria. The first sign was when MRlenlcov, just after Stalin was buried, relinquished the post of party secretary, a place of great power, and handed it over to Khrushchev. The same pattern was adopted throughout the satellites, with the real boas relinquishing all titles but that of first secretary of the party. Then there began a gradual shift in policy. The signs became more apparent, however, with the sudden shift of Soviet foreign policy from one of caution and wheedling to one of bluster in the. style of, Stalin, toward the end of 1954. Moscow threatened to build a Communist alliance, armed to the teeth, to counter Western defense preparations. It warned that Western policies were leading to war. About that time Khrushchev went to Peiplng with a large dele- gallon, of Soviet leaders. Red China's foreign policy also underwent a change, and the Red Chinese began to talk In a warlike manner about Formosa. They would not take the final Irrevocable step that would lead to war, but they would use the fear of war as ft potent S«« RUSSIA on P*t« * LONDON OB—The text of the announcement of Georgi Malen- kov's resignation as Soviet premier made before a Joint session of the Supreme Soviet, as broadcast by Moscow radio: To the chairman of the joint meeting of the Soviet of the Union and the Soviet of Nationalities: I ask you to bring to the notice of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. my request to be relieved from the post of chairman of the Council of Ministers of the U.S.S.R. My request is due to business considerations on the necessity of strengthening the leadership of the Council of Ministers and the need to have at the post of the chairman of the Council of Ministers another comrade with greater experience in state work. Negative Affect I clearly see that the carrying out of the complicated and responsible duties of chairman of the Council of Ministers is being negatively affected by my insufficient experience in local work, and the fact that I did not have occasion, in a ministry or some economic organ, to effect direct guidance of individual branches of national economy. I also consider myself bound to say in the present statement that now, when the Communist party of the Soviet Union and the workers of our country are concentrating special efforts for the most rapid development of agriculture, I see particularly clearly my guilt and responsibility for the unsatisfactory state of affairs which has arisen in agriculture, because for several years past I have been entrusted with the duty of controlling and guiding the work of cen- tra! agricultural organs and the work of local party and administrative organizations in the sphere of agriculture. Program Worked Oul The Communist party, on the initiative and under the guidance of the central committee of the C.P.S.U. has already worked out and is implementing a series of large-scale measures for overcoming the lagging behind in agriculture. Among such important measures is, undoubtedly; the reform of agricultural taxation, regarding which I think H opportune to say that it was carried out on the initiative of and in accordance with the proposals of the central committee of the C.P.S.U. It Is now evident what important role this reform played in the task of developing agriculture. Now, as is known, on the initiative and under the guidance of the central committee of the C.P.S.U., a general program has been worked out for overcoming the lagging behind in agriculture and for its most rapid development. This program i* based on the only correct foundation:.The further development by every means of heavy industry, and only lt« implementation, will create the ncces- Se* MALENKOV on PM« > fully trimmed van dyke beard, and close cropped mustaches, dressed in immaculate and well-pressed uniform with great marshal's stars „ Learning from his shoulder boards, Bulganin looks the personification of military dignity and precision. In reality, though he had once been given a cram-school course of military education, Bulganin ifl no more a veteran military man, than Generalissimo Stalin wa*. Party Policeman Bulganin was put in charge of the Soviet armed forces as the Communist party's political policeman. It was a tribute to him that he held this difficult and exacting job so long—from 1944, when Stalin made him first deputy minister of defense, without interruption for more than a decade. During this period he had various titles: Minister of the armed forces, minister of defense, and for several years he held no official title but was unofficially the politburo member in charge of armed forces policy. The change of names did not change his real job. He had the assignment on the one hand of keeping the army in line for the Communist party, crushing any dissidence among the officer corps with swift ruthlessness, keeping career officers and generals from uniting on a common platform or plotting or politicking among themselves. On the other hand he also had the contradictory job of keeping the marshals and genersis and other veteran military officers com en ted. of representing rheir interests and on occasion iheir views in the higher party councils, and of watching closely over armed force morale in general. Many High Offices Bulganin's consfderable administrative and diplomatic ability contributed to his success. Before he donned a uniform in World War II Bulganin had lent this dignity of his to other high offices of various sorts. He had accumulated a distinguished record of service in varying fields—more so than any other member of the Kremlin ruling clique. Bulganin was born in 1895 in Nizhni Novgorod now Gorky on the Volga River. His official Soviet biography does not discuss it, but it is abundantly apparent that his background is middle class. In those days Nizhni Novgorod was, a center of commerce lor ail Russia. Its annual fair was famous throughout the whole world. It was natural therefore that young Bulganin .should go to a commercial secondary school and graduate from it. Bulganin. however, was swept up in the revolutionary currents which dominated Russian life before and during the war. He joined the Bolsheviks before the revolution. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS — Fair with slowly rising temperatures this afternoon, tonight and Wednesdny. Highest this afternoon near 50. Lowest tonight low 20s to low 30s. MISSOURI — Generally fair thii afternoon, tonight and Wednesday; warmer west and north this afternoon and over most of staU Wednesday; low tonight in the 20n. Minimum this morning—31. Maximum yesterday—HI. Sunrtae tomorrow—(1:52. g unset torlny—5:3(i. Mitan temperature—M- Precipitation U<t 24 noun to 7 p.n, —none. Precipitation .Inn. 1 la dat«~3.tt. Thli Date L»t T«*r Maiimitm y«Bterd»y~3l, Minimum this morning—23. Precipitation January i to 4*U —

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