FWDAY, FEBRUARY '4, 1995 BLYTHETTU,!! (ARK.) COURIER MEWI PAGE THRBB Automation Is Changing Your Life Labor Matches Wits With Cybernetics Magic (Last In » 8«rks) A) DOUGLAS LAKSEN NEA Staff Correspondent CLEVELAND (NEA) — Warning! To all machines reading this newspaper: We people plan to hang onto our jot* for a while at least on the fast Incursion of electronic "brains" and labor - eliminating machines Into people'* work in research, management, office work and industry. Automation and cybernetics are interchangeable terms used for this phenomenon. At the other end of reaction to automation is the belief that It's Just typical American evolutionary technological progress 1 with a new name. But regardless of whether you pooh-pooh it or are scared by it, automation is a major new influence in American life. Walter Reuther, President of the Congres* of Industrial Organlxa- tions, says: - "The federal government needs social wisdom to match the technical advances of automation. Markets must grow, job opportunities must increase and the economy expand or automation could become a scourge." John Diebold, editor of "Automatic Control" recently warned the National Association of Manufacturer*: "Very few analyses of the nature and extent of industrial automation have been made in terms of realities of either our present technological knowledge and economic environment or of historical perspective." CIO wants a major Congressional investigation to force open the books of such leaders in automation as General Motors and General Electric. They want to show how much automation has eliminated labor and kited profit*. United Automobile Workers, CIO, Is going to make automation a central Issue in its upcoming drive to win a guaranteed annual, wage from the car industry. Tills is likely to be one of the most crucial labor fights since World War II. Nat H'elnljerjr, UAW's research director, says: "A management faced with tlie financial obligations that the plan imposes will find that it pays to plan the introduction of automation to minimize layoffs. Under the guarantee it will pay to retrain displaced workers for the new Jobs that automation creates." He says automation makes it'ne- cessary to shorten the basic union contract from five to two years and will lead to demands for a shorter week. Most unions fear automation., On the other hand, in its newspaper of [Jan. 7, 1955, CIO'S International I Union of Electrical Workers berates General Electric lor having lost business because a competitor outstripped them on automation, saying: "Many of the contracts for jet work have been lost to Thompson Products because of modern machines and methods used at Thompson Products." Thompson Products In Cleveland is a front-runner on automation and recently Introduced a machine which made a startling cut In the cost of making one aircraft engine part. International Association of Machinists union Is delighted with the prospect that automation will create more maintenance workers and technical men to swell Its ranks. • • * The National Manpower Council, created by President Eisenhower when he was head of Columbia University, recently reported: "Automatic machinery Is requiring more highly skilled maintenance and repair men. There may be almost no place left for the unskilled worker. Today, even a hand trucker must be abte to interpret charts to see where supplies are needed." Spokesmen for International Business Machines, a big maker of office automation equipment, and Ford produce good examples of how automation tends to upgrade workers by removing the heavy work, and stultifying routine operations. At IBM, which uses its own offices as a proving ground, the most routine job is done by the man who readies the newspapers for IBM's press clippings. Even IBM's typist jobs are automated to the extent of having less routine Jobs. At Ford, in Detroit, 63-year-old Jiimes A .Smith, » portly genial nun wlio has been with the firm 36 years, says: "I used to lilt 50,000 pounds a day moving engine blocks and went wme dead tired each night. Now I run a whole ballery of machines by punning buttons and readnlg dials jnd go home feeling like talking to ny family and reading." I). S. Harder, vice pmldent at Ford In charge of manufacturing, coined the word "automation" In 1M7. He says: "They say automation will cause widespread unemployment. But It will create more Jobs, create more products at ICES cost and Increase the ability of people to consume." At this date, as far as automation's effect on general employ ment goes, he couldn't be more accurate. Automation and total employment are both at record levels and don't appear to be Incompatible. However, there ai-e exceptions In some Industries. In 1MB there were 141.000 production workers In petroleum refining while in 1964 there were only 137,000. During that period refinery production.rose * per cent. Then, thwe'i BeH Telephone, probably leading the pack In automation with iti automatic dialing systems. In 1925 when automatic dialing was first being Introduced there wa« one employe to W phones In use. Today there's one worker for 70 phones. But service and business have Increased so much that employment has Jumped from 400,000 workers alter World War II, to 600,000 today. Normal turn-over retirements and transfers to other fields have taken care of most of the displacement of workers caused by automation. A final word on the subject comes from another GE expert: "Although our total population is Increasing at an accelerated rate, the actual worker pool Is Increasing at a slower rate. Tin: result is a compounding effect on the productivity of the workers. .All this results In requiring approximately a 42 per cent increuse in productivity by 1900 over 11)50 or about double that being obtained by ctt rent automation." (1.MNI of a serk«) The anoa Is a small, wild ox, a sort of forest buffalo, found on tlie island of Celebes. NOTICE! n IB VflNmofGvi •* m ••Ml Chronic bronchitis maydevelop if yo»r cough or chest cold is not trratcd.Stort quick wing Creomulsion as directed. Creomulsion soothes raw throat «nd chest membranes, loosens and hetps expel gwrny phlegm, mikHy retajtcs systemic tension and aids nature fight the cause of irritation. No narcotics. For Children »c* milder, farter Creomofeion for Children in the pail and bhie package at your drag coiimtr. 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