The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on February 4, 1955 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, February 4, 1955
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 265 BlythevHlo Courier • Blythevllle Dally News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1955 TWELVE PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Edwards' Measure Passes House Okays Bill to Regulate Clemency Acts LITTLE ROCK (AP) — A bill to regulate clemency actions by the governor or an acting governor was passed by the House today. The only protest was raised by Rep. Paul Van Dalsem of Perry County, who said the measure might be interpreted as "a slap at one of the constitutional officers. Van Dalsem did not identify the official but apparently he referred to Lt. Gov. Nathan Gordon, some of whose clemency actions have drawn criticism. Van Dalsem said he thought such a bill ought to originate in the Senate rather than the Hou'p. Gordon presides over the Senate. The bill was Introduced and called up for action by Hep. James J. Edwards of Mississippi County. It was approved 54-19. The bill provides that clemency either must have been petitioned lor in newspaper advertisements or must have been formally approved by judicial and law enforcement officials in the county of conviction. A bill to consolidate three existing medical boards was passed 82-0. The bill, which now goes to Qov. Paubus, would replace the existing Arkansas Medical Board, t h e Erlectic Medical Board and the Homeopathic Medical Board with one nine-member group representing all three "schools" of medical practice. The House approved with only one dissenting vote another Senate bill to remove a tax of one-fourth cent a pint from liquor. The small tax was voted several sessions back to finance an electrical roll call machine in the House chamber and to provide for a ventilating system in both the House and Senate chambers. The Improvements have been made and sponsors said the tax no longer is needed. Removal of the levy would not result In any reduction of retail price of liquor. Cotton Gin Machinery Tax Upheld LITTLE ROCK Ml — The House, which yesterday voted to give up I'/i minion dollars or more a year in sales tax revenue, today refused to remove a comparatively minute sum from the same .source. The House defeated 47-41 a Senate bill to cancel the use tax on machinery purchased for use in cotton gins. Rep. James J. Edwards of Mississippi County, who called up the bill, said that since 1949 the two per cent tax on such equipment would have been only around $40,000. Edwards said that when the use tax law was passed in 1949 the Legislature thought that cotton Bln- ningmachinerywo uld be exempt under a section which says that the tax does not apply to equipment used in processing a commodity not being manufactured into its final form. He and Rep. Charles B. Roscopf of Phillips County, who also spoke for the bill, said that the tax wa not collected on ginning equipment until the Arkansas Supreme Court rilled last year that the exemption did not apply. The use tax which was Involved today Is similar to the sales tax. except that it applies on purchases made outside the state. Edwards and Roscopf said that all ginning machinery is purchased outside Arkansas. Yesterday the House voted to remove the sales tax from poultry and livestock feed — an action which even proponents of the bill said Would result in a loss of revenue of around IVi million dollars a year. Rep. Harlin J. Ferryman of Fulton County yesterday dropped a bill he had Introduced to require payment ol the sales tax on cotton and cotton seed. Cotton nncf cotton seed have been exempt since passage of the first sales tax act in the 1930s. Chiang Said Considering U.S. Request to Leave Tachens TAIPEH, Formosa (AP) — Nationalist China's President Chiang Kai-shek was reported today to be considering a U. S. request that he evacuate his troops from the Red-threatened Tachen Islands, 200 miles miles north of Formosa. The request is believed to have been transmitted to Chiang by U.S. ambassador Karl L. Rankin in a 75-minute conference Wednesday. The U.S. reportedly tools: the stand that the mighty U.S. 7th Fleet, which is to help in the evacuation, could not be held in a state of readiness indefinitely. There was no confirmation here of rumors that Chiang would reply to the U.S. request today. Increasing talk v/as heard at middle Nationalists levels of fighting for the Tachens instead of abandoning them. No Red attack appears im- miem al the moment. Red China's rejection of a U.N. invitation to join in cease-fire talks signaled trouble ahead. Rhippjng Hit Chiang's warplanes ranged the East China Sea round the tense area last night, bombing and shooting up Chinese Communist ship- LITTLE ROCK (AP) — An administration-backed bill to exempt livestock and poul-jping and the newly won Red base try feed from the two per cent sales tax passed the House with comparative ease yesterday, of^Yikiangshan island. but possibily may face a rougher time in the Senate. A few hours before the House voted 61-36 to take off the feed tax, it had over- TO BE CORRECTED — Another narrow Highway 61 "death trap" bridge will soon be closed for widening work by the Arkansas Highway Department. This one is located approximately a half-mile north of Burdettc in a curve in the highway. The Highway Department is readying a detour bridge fright) for use while the widening work is, being done. It is one of the seven bridges in Mississippi County to be widened under the highway department's bridge improvement program. (Courier News Photo) Faubus - Backed Bill to Free Feed From. Sales Tax Passes House coast port of Keelung with refugees from devasted Lower Tachen. Aboard were 111 sick and wounded Nationalist soldiers, 67 prisoners from Tachen jails and 1 8 civilians. Powerful U. S. 7th Fleet units cruised off Formosa today and AP Correspondent Forrest Edwards reported from a carrier that Navy jet fighters and propeller- whelmingly rejected a proposal to cancel the levy oji drugs and certain basic human foods— a measure which the author apparently had no*expectation of getting passed. Belief that the feed exemption, which Gov. Orval Faubus favors, may have its troubles in the Senate is based on the treatment received in the upper legislative branch by the only other controversial measure with active administration support. This was the proposed repealer of the 1953 relative welfare re- j sponsibility law, which passed the Dcnate by one vote. Broadens Tobacco Tax Besides approving one proposed sales tax exemption and turning down 'another, the House voted 5832 to impose a levy on previously- untaxed cigars, smoking and chewing- tobacco nnd snuff. Its sponsors estimated it might raise two million dollars a year for the public school fund, for which proceeds would be earmarked. The proposed tobacco levy was the first tax-raising measure voted in either house this session. House supporters of the feed exemption told reporters before the measure was called up that they were assured of passage. They demonstrated their confidence dur- ng the pre-balloting debate, limited to 15 minutes to a side. Most of the oratory csme from opponents. Advocates of the bill said it would nick the state around $1.500,000 a year in its sales tax collections — which last year totaled almost 30 million dollars. Steele, Cooler, Holland— Missouri Schools Eye Consolidation A long-talkod-ahoul move to consolidate the school, districts of Steele. Holland and Cooler seemed to be about Pressing material Official reports said the bombers destroyed two vessels near Nantien Island, 30 miles north of Opponents said the loss would be considerably more. Faubus has been committed to removal of the sales tax from feed — and If possible from seed and fertilizer also — since he made it an issue in last summer's cam- j paign in which he defeated former i Gov. Francis Cherry. j Altered Measure i The 1953 Legislature passed a j bill to lift the "tax from all three | — feed., seed and fertlizer — but j Cherry vetoed the measure be-! cause no provision was made for ; replacing the lost revenue. Earlier this session the House rejected a bill which would have exempted poultry feed only. After thus defeat, representatives from the northwest Arkansas poultry and cattle growing area, with the apparent backing of Faubus, got to work seeking- assurances of support for a bill to exempt all feed. Still pending is a measure similar to the disapproved 1953 bill. There was no definite indication whether an effort would be made to get a vote on it. Rep. Clayton Little of Senton County called the feed exemption bill up for a vote. He and other proponents based their argument on the con ten tion th a t feed used in the the Tachens, scored hits on two more about 11 miles northeast of the Tachens and bombed nearby Yikiangshan with excellent results. Another small U. S. built transport landed today at the north ready for action today as the school boards of two of the schools prepared for a joint session. -— * Cooipr and Holland Inside Today's Courier News Chicks, Leachvtlle in Showdown Buttle Tonight on Lions' Court . . . Kentucky Gives Kupp Vole of Confidence with Win Over Florida . . . County Junior H Tournament In Semifinal* Tonight . . - Sports . . . P»KW 8 and 9 ... ... Is Chnnftlnjr Your Life . . . Lubor Matches Wit* with Matfc of (tybcrncllcM . . . I**l of a Se- rlrs . . . pjijre S . . . . . . Farm Nftwd and review . . . pttgM 5. fi and 7 ... . . , China's Offshore Inland* . . . Editorlata . . . p*W 4 ... Suit Is Brought AgainsfCohenCo. Property Owners Seek Order Against Construction Firm Suit has been filed in Chancery Court here asking that S. J. Cohen Co.. be ordered to coast' using its property on south Highway Gl for parking of equipment and stockpiling of niMerials. Listed as plaintiffs were ZaI B. Harrison. A. S. Harrison, E. R. Dickinson. A. C. Owens, Mrs. Howard Bowen , L. C. Lancaster, .Jnincs Perry and John Eoylcs. The complaint charges the heavy construction firm's use of the property there constitutes a nuisance. Further, the complaint maintains, it, has destroyed the inherent beauty of (he locale as a place for residences and has depressed values of the plaintiffs' property. In the complaint, the owners set forth their estimates as to damage of their properties. Tt, runs from $15.000 for Zal B. Harrison nnd $12,000 for Mr. Owen down to $5.000 for the other plaintiffs. The contractor purchased the property in 1952. viously hf-ld a joint meeting where they discussed consolidation, goal of many persons in the area for years. However, there seemed to be some misunderstanding concerning Steele's entry in the plan. Steele Approves Steele officials have expressed interest and the school board president has gone on record as favoring consolidation with the other districts. But, they point out, they haven't been invited to attend either the last meeting or the session set for Thursday. Holland and Cooler officials, the other hand, said it was their understanding 1 that Steele Is not :oo interested at this time, explaining failure to issue an invitation to the meetings. School boards of Holland and 'manufacture" of a finished product — poultry or livestock — and I bat under general application of boards pre-Jthe Jaw it .should not be taxed. Cooler will meet Thursday to discuss the possibility of consolidating ,he high schools. Committee Named At the first meeting, a committee was-appointed to publish a question and answer sheet to give the people the facts about possible consolidation. Superintendents of both schools are in favor of the proposed plan. Prank Huffman, president of iteolc's school board, stated that :c is highly in favor of Steele consolidating with Holland nnd Cootcr, but for the present Steele hasn't been invited to the Feb. 10 neeting. Autry Opposes Bill Rep. L.H. Autry of Mississippi County made the chief argument against the bill. He said he regretted opposing it "in view of the desire of the administration that the bill pass," but declared "I can't vote to take off a tax for a special group when the widow who lives across the street from me has to pay the tax on food for her hungry children." The proposed tobacco products tax would mean a cigar smoker would have to pay an extra cent for cheaper brands and up to four cents extra for more expensive brands. Pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco and snuff would be taxed a cent n, package up depending on retail sales price. The measure, introduced by Reps. John P. Bethell of Prairie County nnd Ben Bynum of Chicot County, lacked four votes of passing when the House first considered it. It was called up again on reconsideration and passed. : The proposed food and drug- exemption was introduced and called up by Rep, Robert W. Laster, who v/as able to get only a dozen other representatives to join him in supporting the measure. Sixty - four representatives voted against Lastcr's bill. Laster said he thought human food should be exempted from the tax if, as he anticipated, the House was going to cancel the levy on poultry and animal feed. Stormy Weather Sweeps Central Part of Nation Snow, Sleet, Wind Hit Plains States; East Gets Relief By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Stormy weather, with rain, sleet and snow and strong winds, swept over wide areas in the central part of the country today as a cold wave in the East moderated a little. A storm center which centered in Texas spread precipitation over much of the plains states. The showers and thunderstorms in Texas changed to freezing rain and sleet across southeastern Kansas and parts of Missouri. It was sleet and snow northward all the way to the Dakotas. The snowfalls mounted steadily across much of Kansas, Nebraska, the Dakotas, Wyoming and northeastern Colorado. Stil! Cold II was still cold in most of the East but not so cold as yesterday. Boston was II degrees warmer with a reading of 13 above while Burlington. Vt., was 24 degrees warmer with an early morning low of 5 above. New York city, ,-hich had its coldest day in seven years with zero temperatures yes- :erdav. reported 9 above. It was below zero in many upstate New York cities, including -13 at Watertown; -7 at Massena; -4 at Utica and -2 at Albany. The weather also was on the cold side in the South bue skies, ike in most of the Northeast, were clear. Warmest early today was Brownsville, Tex., with 70. In con trast, it was 16 degrees below zero n Pellston. Mich. It was generally cold over the Midwest with temperatures in the teens and 20s. UN Officials Confer On Next Truce Step UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (APj — U. N. diplomats consulted today on the next step in their quest for peace in the Formosa Strait. They generally agreed the U. N. can do little! in the face of Red China's boycott of the proposed Security j Council cease-fire talks. i Three courses appeared to be open: 1. Make another effort to persuade Premier Chou En-!ai to send a representative here. 2. Debate the Formosan problem without the participation of the Chinese Communists. 3. Try to arrange a conference outside the U.N. — like the Far Eastern parley in Geneva last spring—at which the whole China problem could be discussed. This appeared the likeliest prospect. No Compromise Seen In view of Chou's declaration tha i he would not send a representative to the U.N. unless the Security Council ousts Nationalist China and gives Peiping that seat, many delegates saw no chance for compromise here. The council was expected to stick to its previou ' firm refusal to replace Chiang shek's representative. Chou also j was not expected to back down. Some U.S. leaders in Washington were more, optimistic. Chairman George (D-Ga) of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee said Chou's reply "may be a propaganda bluff." Sen. H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ), the senior Republican on the Foreign Relations Far Eastern subcommittee, said the Red Chinese were "maneuvering for position" and their answer was not final. A State Department statement j expressed "regret" at Red China's "further flouting of the United Nations." The statement said the United States would be "consulting See U.X. on Page 12 driven attack bombers filled th» skies as brilliant sunshine replaced three days of foul weather, The fleet was primed for orders to evacuate the 30,000 troops and civilians from the two Tachen Islands. Orders Stalled But the orders appeared stalled in a dispute between Chiang and the United States over the fate ol two other Nationalist outposts, Quemoy and Matsu. The United States balked at giving clear-cut guarantees to defend the two outposts just off the China, mainland. Chiang apparently wanted such public guarantees as an inducement to abandon the exposed Tachens. Clouding international efforts to bring Red China into cease-fire talks was Premier Chou En-lai's bristling rejection of the U .N. invitation to discuss New Zealand's proposal for a hold-lire in Formosa Strait. Chou said he would join such talks in the U. N. Security Council only if Nationalist China were kicked out and the parties took up only Russia's demand that the United States withdraw all its forces from the China area. A Chinese Nationalist spokesman commented thus on Chou's rejection: "The Western world invited this nsult. We had seen this development all along and are not surprised. This is typical behavior of the bandits. . . . The Reds again are trying to force their way into the Security Council with a loaded gun." Sen. Smith Says Reef China! ryin.g Big Bluff WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ) said today Communist China is trying "a great big bluff" in demanding a seat in the United Nations Security Council as a condition for discussing a Formosa cease-fire,. Smith, senior Republican- on the (R-NH) said it was "virtual black- Senate Foreign Relations Far East- mail." Sen. Knowland (R-Cahf>,j ern subcommittee, said Premier j the minority leader, said it was Chou En-lai's answer was "not ft-1 "ill tempered." porators of an anti-integration n *l" Unless the free *' orld 1S P r *-(organization called White -They'll com?." Smith said m pared for a Far Eastern Munich, I Amer j ca< Iric __ are laying plans to interview. "But they want to | Knowland daid, "thisjs a placejo , expand QVer Arkansas with a web of county groups. Anti-Integration Organization Plans Expansion White America, Inc., To Seek County Groups Over State PINE BLUFF, j porators of an Ark. fjp—Incor- aet some concessions first. So they start off big." \'p to Council Press Officer Henry Suydam of the State Department culled the Red Chinese answer a "further flouting of the United Nations," but he too indicated further steps can be expected. "It is for the Security Council, which is constantly striving for peace, to consider this rejection." he said in a statement yesterday, "and we shall be consulting with other members toward a further meeting." Chairman George (D-Ga) of the Senate Foreign Relations committee said "it may be.a propaganda bluff," and Sen. Mansfield 'D- Mont). a committee member, said. "We must remember that all negotiation is a matter of trading back and forth." But Sen. Hickenlooper (R-Iowa). another committee member, called the reply an insult. Sen. Bridges let the Communist Chinese regime .stew in its own juice." "Maneuvering-** Claimed Knowland. one of the Senate's. most vigorous supporters of Na-1 Ex-Red Claims He Used 'False Documents From McCarthy's Office in Campaigns NEW YORK Wl—Former Communist Hnrvey Matusow says he used "fnlKC documents nnd materials" from the office of Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy (R-Wis) us campaign material against several western Democratic senators In 1952. McCarthy was unavailable for comment. Mntusow, who swore last Monday he Rtwe false testimony that helped convict 13 Communist leaders of conspiracy, mode the •Statement at a news conference yesterday. At the snine lime ho denied the Communist Party had "planted" him as a witness to Kive fnkn testimony so cases of congressional investigation committees would bo discredited. Rep. Francis E. Walter <D-Pn), chairman of the House Un-American Activities Committee, snid in Washington yesterday "there's no question" Matusow was a Communist "plant." Mntusow, 28. said he campaigned in 1952 against candidates In Montana, Idaho, Utah nnd Washington,.but the only one he mentioned by nnme at his news conference was Sen, Mike Mansfield (D-Mont). Malusow said he gave the Implication that Mansfield knowingly had written an article for the left-wing magazine, New Masses. The truth was, he said, the article printed by the magazine was .a reprint of a Senate speech by Mansfield, published In the Congressional record and available to anyone, Matnsow cited this as nn example of "false documents" he used as campaign material. To a question whether McCarthy knew of this, Matusow replied: "Jean Kerr was In on it and Don Surlne." Faubus Signs Utility Bills LITTLE ROCK Wi — Electric cooperatives may build a steam generating plant at Oznrk under ft bJU signed into law by Oov. Orval Fan* bus yesterday. The governor nlso signed a measure revlsng the methods by which utilities may put rntc increases In to effect under oond. Government Plans Appeal in Case Of OwenLattimore WASHINGTON (/PI — The government announced today it will appeal the decision by Federal Judge Luther W. Youn^dahl dismissing a new perjury indictment against Owen Lattimore. The decision to take the issue to the U. S., Court of Appeals was announced by U. S. Dist. Atty. Leo A. Rover. Lattimore. controversial Far Eastern affairs specialist, was accused in the Indictment of lying when he dented to a Senate committee that he had ever been a follower of the Communist line or a promoter of Red interests. tionalist leader Chiang Kai-shek, was said by close associates to be prepared to fight any possible renewal of the U.N. invitation to the Red China Premier. But Smith said the Chinese Reds are simply "maneuveting for position." The three Cot'on Belt Railroad empJoye.s who started the movement against segregation held a press conference here last night at the home rtf L.D. Poynter, one of the organizers. They ca/led for nn election to ?ive the people "the right to ex- preps their opinions nn segrpga- j tion" and said the U. S. Supreme •Court decision acainpt public school | segregation "disregards state "The loss of face for the United : rights." States would be terrific if we look, a cease-fire on their, terms." Smith said in an interview. "But in my iudcment they really want a cease- fire'" Smith said he believes Red China and Russia "want, to neutralize our forces m that part of the Pacific. Then they could start their aggressive tactics in other parts of the world without fear of any trou ble over Formosa." Mendes -France Faces Probable Defeat Today PARIS (AP) — Pierre Mendes-France's hours as French premier appeared numbered today as the National Assembly *«»« ^ £™<£ t £™ headed for a post-midnight vote of confidence on his Aorth! was connected officially with the Referendum to Be Sought Poyr.ter said White America, Inc., plans to press for a referendum on segregation in Arkansas. However, he said. "This organization was not organized to retard rhe progress of the Negro race." Petitions calling on the governor and the Legislature to "take action to prevent integration and if neces- ' j sary to be voted on by the people" have been circulated here since Wednesday. Poynter said he did, not know how many people had siened the petitions. In the articles of incorporation the organization's offices are de- ^icnaied as the Pine Bluff Labor Temple. Pine Bluff's population is about, one-half Negro. LouLi; F ' nn official of the African policy. Mendes - France demanded the , the protectorate's 3 3 - 2 million peo- vote—on which defeat would topple | pie. So far he has been unable his seveii-mont:i-o]d government— J ?o conduce an agreement with the British See Little Chance for Truce LONDON (/P(—The British government today wrote off nil immediate chances of a United Nations cease-fire in the Formosa Strait. Instead, it turned to Asian lenders of the worldwide British common wealth, meeting here, In the hope of finding n solution to the explosive situation and averting a major shooting war In the Far EMt. after two days highlighted by : Radical Socialist party. The defection among his nominal followers made the prospect of his ouster so great that some of his own ministers privately voiced hopelessness. The vote of bitter debate j nationalists, though. The only al- rift in his own ternate. he said was police repression to put down violence and unrest. Failed to Gain His remarks' failed to rally much evidence of support. Many deputies felt Mendcs- be on Mendes- France's whole North African policy, including Tunisian home rule, an increased share in government for Algeria's Moslem majority and certain "reforms" for Morocco. Critical Issue But the critical issue was home rule for the Tunisian nationalists, a specter which alarms the important French landowners nnd businessmen living In the protectorate. The probability of France's 20th postwar government crisis raised the question of what might happen to the Paris accords to rearm West Germany as a member of the North Atlantic Alliance. These treaties, approved by the Assembly, are still under consideration in the Senate. However, Assembly observers believed there were other possible premiers who could successfully pilot the pacts through, the remaining parliamentary stages. , Mendes-France bluntly, told the Assembly la.st night he planned to continue the- African policy he launched when he visited Tunis last July. To quiet terrorism stemming from nationalist discontent, he promised "local autonomy" to the group would organization. Pnynter said strive to set up county offices all over Arkansas to propel the drive wu-ard continued segregation. F86 Jets Collide TOKYO </P—Two U. S. FS6 Sabre- jets collided above northern Hon- today. killing one pilot, . Far -, . France's doom was sealed yester-1 East Air Forces announced. The former Premier Rene other pilot landed unharmed Name day when f< Mayer, a Radical Socialist, broke with him on his North African policy in a speech ',hat split the party wide open. It was believed that 20 or 30 members of the faction, which commands 76 seats in the Assembly, would follow Mayer. Those votes were believed necessary to save Mendes-France. Assembly to Hold Joint Session To Hear Faubus LITTLE ROCK W)—The Legislature—at the request of Qov. Orval Pnubns — today voted to hold a joint se&sion or the General Assembly at 2 p. m. Monday.- It was learned that the governor will present his recommendation on state financing to the legislators. Both houses passed the resolution without discussion. Sen. Roy Mllum told the Senate that the governor's office had prepared the resolution. of the dead flier was wlthbeid. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Cloudy with rain this afternoon, tonight and Saturday. Some freezing rain or snow tonight and early tomorrow. High this afternoon upper 30's, low tonight low 30'B. MISSOURI — Heavy snow warning northwest; heavy snow northwest and freezing rain, sleet or snow remainder state through Saturday except gradually changing to rain with slow warming southeast and extreme south. Minimum thin mornlnn—M. Maximum y<:Slfird»y~H2. Sunrise tomorrow-—fl:SS. SunKCt tortay—5:32. Precipitation '"** 24 hour* tfl 7 p,m. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—l.fll, Thl* Ditr f.ait Tear Maximum yMtcrday—37. Minimum this morning—3T. Precipitation January 1 to <UM —

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