The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on February 3, 1955 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Thursday, February 3, 1955
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THTJBBDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1968 BLTTHEV1LLE (ARK.) COURIER NEW* PAGE THREE Automation Is Changing Your Life Cybernetics Puzzle: Find the Man in the Picture By DOUGLAS LAKSKN NBA Staff Correspondent DETROIT -(NBA)— Where are the workers? That's the first question you ask yourself when you walk Into Ford'* engine plant. The roar of gigantic machines overwhelms you. Through the smoky haze you seo raw engine blocks slithering swiftly along on conveyors to clusters of gigantic cutting machines, then to drilling machines, then to tapping machines, Yqu stroll among these noisy metal monsters for five minutes before you see the first man at work. At last. The fast-disappearing human factor of today's new phenomenon known as "automation," or "cybernetics." Although these two new terms generally mean machines taking over the work of men, experts disagree on exart definitions. However, there's no doubt what B STJJEf automation looks like in this Ford plant, rated as advanced an example of the phenomenon as exists in industry. Our first, visible worker is a portly, grandfather-type smoking a huge meerschaum pipe, sitting on a stool casually watching two big boards with buttons and flashing lights. One uoard tells him what each piece of machinery in his bank is doing. The other one tells him when a cutting tool needs sharpened and .stops the machines. When this happens the board also tells him what other tools are getting dull and ought to be changed as long as the machine is stopped. This scene indirectly affects every person in the U. S. today because it symbolizes an advanced type of technology which is revolutionizing industry with chain-reaction, speed. Automation is behind record pro==• duction of bettor goods in the U. S. ~ with decreased costs for manufacturers, and safer and better work- ing conditions for workers. But critics see ominous elements of automation,.too. It could cause mass unemployment, they say. They claim, for example, thai ihe Inability of smaller firms like Studebaker to lay out the reported $50 million each — which it cost Ford and General Motors to automate for their new engine production — is what has forced so many mergers. W. c. Newberg, president of Dodge, says: "The company that gives up consideration .of automation because of the high cost is the company that will soon find itself outstripped by its competition." Last year 750 automation machinery firms did $3 billion worth of business. It'll be a bigger volume this year, experts predict. * * • Exact fijjurts on workers eliminated by automation are guarded secrets for competitive and labor- relations reasons. But reports from Ford say that the number of men on Its engine block line alone was reduced from 117 to 25. And It's this way throughout industry. A newly-automated radio line requires only two workers to make 1000 radios a day. The same production used to require 200 people. An automated foundry kicks out a two-pound casting every second at the push of a button. In a new refinery, automation permits 12 workers to do the same work requiring 800 people. And so it'goes, with a constant drive to improve these money-saving machines. At Chevrolet they've got a machine built by the Cross Company which adds a new element to automation. It's a battery of five giants which slice and polish sections, drill all the holes and do all HOLLAND NEWS By Mrs. Voris Workman HERE'S AUTOMATION W ACTION* at Ford's Dearborn, plant .where operator James A. Smith watches control board lights to follow automatic handling of cylinder blocks for machining. the threading. These operations are run by two persons. The cross machine provides for automatic storage between each of the five sections. Without this, if each section was stopped for maintenance an average of 10 minutes per day, the whole battery would be down for a total of 50 minutes. Drawing from the automatic storage, however, the new Cross would not be available without automatically from overhead bins, automation. - iA beta ray checks the uniformity For example, many frozen and j of the glue and coating on the processed foods would not be pos-j paper or fabric, sible without fast operating auto-1 Dr. L. T. Rader, GE's expert on malic freezing, cooking and packaging machinery. fn a food plant an order from arrangements permit the oi four parts to move while one p " automation, says that "the cost of niiiierials handling accounts for 50 per cent of alt labor cost in a retail grocer is fed into an e!ec- many products." This explains tronic machine. This sets in mo-1 why engineers are concentrating tion an automatic conveyor which ion reducing this factor with ma- pulls ihe proper number of cases [ chines to handle materials auto- eacn item from each pile injmatically from the time of deliv- Bill to Combine BeebeJC,ASC Passes House LITTLE ROCK M';— The House yesterday approved the proposed consolidation of Beebe Junior Agricultural College with Arkansas State College over ;ui objection that Arkansas State was trying to become a second university. Rep. Harry B. Colay of Columbia County, speaking against the bill, .said that Arkansas State "is just trying to ^et its foot in the door in the hope that ii can become Arkansas Slate University." Coley added that "if you want to give Beebe to somebody else, why don't you «ive it to State Teachers which is just 30 miles away." The bill was introduced by Hop. L. H. Auiry of Mississippi County j capital of Nationalist China hai House Passes Cigarette Tax Revision Plan LITTLE ROCK </I'j-A bill to provide that no state tax shall be Imposed on cigarettes sold within 300 feet of border of an adjoining st^te which does not tax cigarettes WM passed by the Home yesterday. The sume would be true In any city adjoining a no-tax state. The: bill, passed 00-9, was introduced by Rep. Arlo Tyre of Randolph County to take care of a situation along the Missouri border. Yesterday a similar bill, introduced by another representative, failed in the House. Taipeh Booming TAfPEH, Formosa — This who said that he thought some opponents were "just a more than trebcled its population since it was restored to Chinese gruntled because they didn't think rule after World War II. The pop- of it first." [illation now stands at 600,000 and The measure would establish the j is still growing, despite govern- Junior college, which is situated ailment efforts to get nonessential Beebc, as a branch of Arkansas; residents lo leave to avoid the State at Jom-sboro. i P eril of possible Communist air The Beebe Board of Trustees would be abolished .and its duties attacks, Chinese flocked in from the main- »arti l " e warehouse. Then the order is ery at ihe plani to loading the to stay at ihe home of the Charlie taken over by the Arkansas Slate - !: ' nd ilfler tne Communists triumph 'there appeared assured and there is a steady influx from the countryside. The population includes tens of thousands of squatters who have built crude shacks whenever they i could find space — in some in- j stances even on the sidewalks. Hub of the Tale APPOMATTQX. V;t. time back snileman cut came is down. This reduces total "down" time to 10 minutes per day. The electronics business has automated about as fast as atically assembled and bal-j finished product aboard a box car. D. Lewises. He had no siiai of I ed for .shipment. i The absolute "push-button fac-j tail — noi even a nub. No ^4 A machine used by the Poultry | tory," where a few managers op- j nf amputation, jusi no tail. any 1 ^ rQC ' ucc ' rs ?* Central California j crate electronic machines which At length he met a lady cut. a | rndus'tTy l '"wUh"star'tring"savings in ' automatically separates eggs ac-i direct all functions of the factory,) perfectly normal one with a nicej labor. It expanded output 275 per *" " ""™"'-""—•• - r ' - - *• -«-« cent from .1947 to 1952 but with only 40 per cent more workers. Any industry you investigate today is rushing toward greater automation, saving on labor costs improving quality and quantity, and even creating products which Tin; id(?a of Christmas wreaths :-.(.-trn.s to have been Introduced into America by Irish immigrants. The school boards of Holland and Cooter met last Monday night at Cooter to map out reorganization plans for combining the high schools of the districts into one organization. More information on the progress of the plans will be given to the two communities through civic organizations and press notices as the plan materializes. L. N. Kinder has been re-elected as superintendent of the Holland schools for another three-year team. Conrnd Rensch begun his duties Monday as music director of the Holland-Cooler schools. Mr. Rensch graduated from Missouri University last week with a B .3. degree in music education. He is slaying In the home of Mr. and Mrs. A. R. Little. At basketball Inst week ihe Holland A and B teams split with Bragg City at Bragg City, the A team losing. In games at Hayti Thursday night Holland won both games. At Holland Friday night our boys and girls won both games from Deering. Basketball games between Keu- nett All-Stars and Maiden Air cadets, and one between Holland Independent girls team ami Holland mens Independents, were played here Monday night with all proceeds going to the March of Dimes. . Kennett All-Stars won the boys game, and the girls won the girls- men game. Around $80 was added to the Polio fund from the proceeds. The Woman's Society of Christian Service met Wednesday at the Methodist Church with by Mrs. Chas. Cohoon and Mrs. Voris Workman. Harold Bailey assumed his duties as minister of the Holland Baptist Church Sunday. He and his family moved into the parsonage' early this week, moving here from Carmi, 111. Mr. and Mrs. Bailey have three children, the oldest son being in junior college and another son and daughter are with them. The ladies of the Culbertson Homemakcrs Club reported a sellout at their hake-sale at Steele Saturday, saying that most of their cakes were sold before they reached the sales counter. Mrs, Marvin Childers is now the leader of the Holland Brownie Scouts and the community appreciates her accepting the leadership. Mr. and Mrs. V. Workman and Sam were in Caruthersville Wednesday night at the home of at Mrs. "drop-in' Margaret Bader, for Col. P. W. Scott. About 20 relatives came for the gel-to-gether to bid Col. Scott goocl- by and to extend best wishes for his military stay in Indo-China this coming year. Mrs, Bader served buffet refreshments of hot biscuits and ham sandwiches, hors d' oeuvres, cream-cheese dip and egg nog. toon, 1 Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Berry left Monday for Fort Myers, Fla. They will be joined later by their children and Mr. and Mrs. L. Berry. Sam Workman played a piano solo, "Fantasia" in D Minor, before the Blytheville Woman's Club, Friday afternoon. Ronnie Wagster, of Cooler, was also*to play but was unable to because of illness. A son, Donald Albert, was born last week to Mr. and Mrs. Jack Dayton, of San Antonio, Texas. Mrs. Dayton is the former Florence Griddle, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Griddle. Mrs. G. C. Wilson Is spending the week with Mr. and Mrs. Paul Casey at Kennett. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Cohoon and children spent the weekend at Bonne Terre visiting Mr. and Mrs. J. E. McClauj. Sam Ward is still seriously ill. He was taken to Chickasnwba Hospital last week for treatment. Byron Holly and Clifford Jackson were in St. Louis this past week for medical checkups. Ann Neal returned to school Monday after having been in the hospi- cording to 48 comoinations of size Us a few years away. I long tail. Eventually they present- j and weight, sprays them with aj But that's the next step in. the Jed the Lewises with four kittens! shell-protecting coating and pack-! chain-reaction growth of auioma-j which would huve rejoiced ihe i ages them. Electronic signals at I tion. {heart of Mendel. Two of the kittens j had tails like mother's, hut the; other two jusi had short nubs; less than an inch loni<. | each stage give a complete written report of the day's total egg output according to grades. tal and out of school last week. Mrs. Herman Reynolds a.__ niece, Judith Cohoon, spent Mon- j £ apter .' day shopping in Memphis. im a to« India fats More NEW DELHI (/P)—India's per capita food consumption is steadily going up, hitting 1,623 calories a day during the past year. A government spokesman, giving the figures to parlioment, said the average was 1,398 calories in 1951. In the United States dieticians say most persons, to be adequately fed, must have between 2,000 to 3,000 calories a day, depending on the amount of work they do. Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Co., of St. Paul. Minn., nc j i world's largest maker of sand- has just opened an automated plant 970 feet long. Electronic devices control • machine speeds, viscosity of the glue, the. grain of the abrasive — spread' MR S.DONALD CROW, Houston, Texas, says: "My sons disliked ordinary aspirin. Now I five St. Joseph Aspirin For Children. They like its pure orange flavor." ST. JOSEPH ASPIRIN FOR CHILDREN Larry Reid, son of Mr. and Mrs. Carl Reid, was at home over the weekend from Missouri University, j Mr. and Mrs. George Culbertson I of Illinois visited friends In this vicinity over the weekend. They woer cnroutL- to Pasadena, Gal., for a couple of months stay. Marth Cohoon from Murray Col- members present. After n short i lepe and Judith Cohoon from Mis- business session with Mrs. Homer | souri University were at home Smith presiding, a hook review. | over the weekend visiting their "Under Three Flags," was given I parents, Mr. nnd Mrs. Russell Co- DREIFUS SCOOP! 5 Piece SET ALL PURE ALUMINUM ANOTHER 1st See Tri-States School Supply FOR THE NEW Better Homes & Garden Diet Book for Everyone who eats! You can enjoy good food and good health, too!—without on-again, off-again starvation dieting, "miracle" drugs or gct-slim-quick gymnastics. Here's a diet book that tells the easy-to-undersland facts of healthful, enjoyable year-round DIET. In a light, delightful way, you'll learn all about how foods work, how the body uses them, what, makes you fat and why, how to serve well-balanced, regulated meals (luring different seasons of the year. Writing in the foreword, Dr. .lames R. 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