The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on February 2, 1955 · Page 12
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 12

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, February 2, 1955
Page 12
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PAQETWBLTB BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1988 Automation Is Changing Your Life Cybernetics Called '2nd Industrial Revolution' (First of Three Articles) By DOUGLAS LARSEX NEA Staff Correspondent NEW YORK — (NEA) — Whether you understand the term or not, "automation" is changing your This new phenomenon, which means machines taking over the work of people, is also called "cybernetics." It's changing the nature of U. S. business and production with the chain reaction of an A-bomb. They're calling automation '"The Second Great Industrial Revolution." For instance: It's a key factor in Ford's battle with General Motors. It's behind many of the recent big business mergers. It's why you can hnve frozen fruit juice and pre-cooked rice. It's why auto labor is striking for a guaranteed annual wage. Beyond industry, automation explains why the White House has cut draft calls. Automation altered New York's skyline. It may prevent — or create — a depression. Its strange, new, self-generating quality is making automation .grow several magnitudes of speed faster than past technological chanegs. Some experts are saying that it's threatening to throw U. S. life and trade out of joint in several places, making present sociological and governmental controls obsolete. Nobody agrees exactly where and when today's automation started. But it has two main elements. One is the fast electronic comput-l er, able to "remember." The other is the "transfer machine" concept of production: moving "work from machine to machine on conveyors. Automation can be applications of either one or a combination. One of the most advanced examples of practical automation is the Bell system's "Direct Distance Dialing," called "ODD," available to 220,000 subscribers and being rapidly extended. DDD does unbelievable feats without human help. You dial 10 digits. With that information its electronic brain searches the shortest path across the country. There are more possible decisions on what connections it could make than can be printed on this page. In 15 seconds, for a call from New York to Los Angeles, the machine finds the exact phone wanted out of the 15 million available to DDD. There is no interference with the multitude of local and other DDD calls it competes with at thousands of points along the way. Another astounding feat is the one pause it makes to decide connections between any two points. It checks on whether a possible line was the last one used, and goes to the next if it was. That makes the whole system wear out uniformly. If there's trouble in the system a | light flashes and a card is punched; showing its location. And all information fc*r your bill is automatically punched on tape. The basic electronic feats of this amazing device are duplicated in varying degrees by the fabulous array of new computing machines and office devices revolutionizing business management and office procedures. • • * Automation has darkened New York office buildings on nights at the end of the month, when overtime used to be needed to wind up payrolls and reports. For instance, a new Remington- Rand machine is used by General Electric for a special group of 15,000 workers. Hours worked are entered on a magnetic tape in a quick, short operation. The tape is then put into a machine tended by one girl. In six hours checks for all of those 15,000 GE employes have fluttered out, with the chance of error too remote to mention. International Business Machines itself is as Automated as you can get. Each IBM transaction is fed into a machine to tell the plant manager how to schedule production for the next month and to tell the warehouse boss how to coordinate his operation. In 1940 IBM had 8600 workers and a $44 million volume of business. Now it has 33,000 workers with a $409.9 million volume. Just a pencil shows that IBM's own automation has more than doubled the output of each employe from $5116 to $12,421. Thousands of firms including banks, utilities and insurance companies are rushing toward automation. This Is the Heart of Automation... GIANT ELECTRIC CALCULATORS, like IBM's Naval Ordnance model, make automation possible. ... And These Are Some Definitions Prudential Insurance Co. just set a record by renting an IBM system at a fee of $3.8 million per year. In one department it is expected to eliminate 200 clerks. It will compute agents' commissions and calculate risks as part of the dozen operations handled simultaneously. Commonwealth Edison in Chicago expects to save $750,000 a year with new IBM equipment. New office machines being developed will file letters, then pull j them out and reproduce them on a; TV screen on the boss' desk. And I one typist will be able to run battery of four machines putting out various form letters and in serting form paragraphs into special letters. Computers are also being usec successfully to predict future mar eels, which could help firms pr& pare to weather a depression. The range of new electronic ma- VALENTINE'S DAY IS FEBRUARY 14th Keep your love traveling in smooth style with ^Streamlite Samsonite •'' Say, 1 love her '•. ivith a ladies' train case ; *17 50 * / / Say, I love him \ ',with a men's quick tripper\ *19 50 * / Exclusive Streamllt* Samsonite Advantage) • New, modern fapered-ihape, for compact packing in your auto trunkl • Strong enough to stand on —defies every bang and bump of constant travel! • Carries more clothes in I«M spact — keepi them wrinMe-free! • Tongue-in-groove construction keep* diitf and moisture out! • Six better-than-leather finish**—wipe dean with a damp cloth! MOLDS MORI. .. Slrtamlft* tomtom tt'i Train COM holdt M trw*t ft* mil AN «**» S*« Streamlite Samsonite.. . tfte Afo*e Popular Luggage in the World.,. Because it's Strongest and* Smartest/ Dr. L. T. Rader, General Electric expert: "Cybernetics denotes a machine, which-like a a human being, measures its own performance against what it should be doing and automatically corrects itself when it senses an error. "Automation is the progressive, step-by-step improvement of manufacturing operations until continuous automatic production results: this means what products would be made, inspected, assembled, tested, and packaged in one continuous flow." Nat Weinbergr, Director of Research for UAWCIO: "Detroit automation is the continuous automatic movement and positioning of materials in process through a linked battery of machines, representing the final flowering of the assembly line principle. It is broader in potential application than the assembly line, however, since it is used in machining as well as in assembly." W. C. Newberg, President, Dodge Division, Chrysler Corp.: "Automation consists of the devices for actually performing the work, while the 'push button' doctrine applies to the instrumentation and controls which govern these devices." D. S. Harder, Ford Vice President of Manufacturing: "Automation means the automatic handling of parts between progressive production processes." Philip R. Marvin, Vice President, Commonwealth Engineering Co.: "Complete automation requires four essential elernents: (1) work performing mechanisms, (2) accuating controls, (3) computers, and (4) operating programs." chines is vast. An electronic heart now does the work, of this vital organ during operations. Then there's the new automatic toll road collector developed by Taller & Cooper, Inc., which has a camera "eye." If the motorist tries to gyp the electronic hopper a camera automatically snaps a photo of the license plate, lights a light and alerts a guard. The contribution of giant computers in research is well known. Uncle Sam uses scores of them for census work, economic forecasting, weather prediction and for a thou- sand other purposes. In one day the newest IBM "brain" will do computations ordinarily requiring 1000 mathematicians working a lifetime. Computers took two years off the design time of the B-52 bomber and three years off the design time of the Northrup, long-range "Snark" guided missile. The advanced state of the atomic weapon art would not be possible without batteries of computers working day and night. ' A recent result of all of this was the. White House order to cut .manpower in the services. The new machines of war are now so efficient that they cut down the number of men needed to fight. Tomorrow: Automation in the factory. House Bill Makes It Difficult For Independent to Get oh Ballot LITTLE ROCK Ifl — A bill which would moke It extremely difficult for an independent to get his nnnie on a general election ballot was passed 11-10 In the House yesterday. The bill was sponsored by Rep. Paul Vnn Dalsem of Perry County who had Independent opposition at the November general election and by Rep. Jim Bruton of Conwny County. The measure would reQulre that an independent could get his name on the ballot only by filing a petition .signed by 15 per cent of the qualified electors in the political unit in which he sought office. This petition would have to be presented at least CO days before the general election. Arkansas now has more than GOO,000 poll tux holders. Fifteen per cent of this amount, which would he necessary for a person to run as nn independent for a state office, would be around 90,000. And this hypothetical independent candidate would have to secure these 90,000 signatures within approximately 30 days after the final Democratic primary which is roughly three months before th* general election. Van Dalsem told the House that "too many people get mad at the result of the primary and then fll« as Independents by getting: 60 signatures and paying a few dollars." The bill, passed 71-10, would not apply to municipal elections. WARNING ORDER JN THE CHANCERY COURT, CHICKASAWBA DISTRICT, MISSISSIPPI COUNTY, ARKANSAS Jane Tomlin McGarrlty pltf., Vs. No. 1289« Carl Ross McGarrity, dft. , • The defendant, Carl Ross McOar- rity, is hereby warned to appear within thirty days In the court named in the caption hereof and answer the complaint of the plaintiff, Jane Tomlin McOarrlty. Dated this 25th day of January, 1055. GERALDINE LISTON, Cleric By D.ONNA SIMMONS, D. C. Elbert Johnson, Atty. 1/26-2/2-9-16 Read Courier News Classified AdJ. CAMERA CENTER • Flash Bulbs • Color Film • Polaroid Film • Movie Film • We have Cameras and Projectors for rent. BARNEY'S DRUG STORE 2006 W. Main Ph. 3-3647 Where the Pan-American highway crosses the equator EI few miles north of Quito, Ecuador, the traveler can stand with one foot in each hemisphere, and shiver in an overcoat because of the altitude. ATTENTION FARMERS! Be sure to have your Cottonseed and Soybeans tested for Germination. Woodson-Tenenf Laboratories Licensed Grain Inspectors 612 W. Ash " Blylheville, Ark. HOTIIST 1U1CK IN HISTORY No wonder you see in many 1955 Buicks on the highways-lhey're rolling up bigger salss than ever in hiitory— lopping the popularity hat has already made Buick one of the "Big Three.' You can ft over for on/? $ 2585°°* JVIost people still don't believe it. But it is true. And when you look into the facts, you'll find these two solid truths: Buick is one of the "Big Three" in sales volume-and hotter this year than ever before. And Buick is one of the "Big Three" when it comes to prices which make such popularity possible. The price we show here proves it. So why not get what a Buick has to offer, if you are in the market for a new car? You find that the dollars you pay for Buick buy you a lot more automobile — and the sheer satisfaction that comes with bossing a brawny traveler of this caliber. You find it in the record-high V8 power that gives life to (his spirited performer. You find it in the soft and level and cruiser-steady ride that comes of all- t/effiferec/ locally! coil springing and torque-tube stability. You find it in the extra roominess, the extra frame strength, the extra tread width, the extra silencing —d\ part and parcel of every Buick. We could tell you about the little things, too. Things usually charged for as "extras" in other cars, but yours as standard equipment at no extra cost in every Buick. Things like direction signals, oil-bath air cleaner, full-flow oil filter, automatic lighting in glove and trunk compartments —and so on. But-you get the idea. This is a buy, this '55 Buick — a great buy — and a thriller from the instant you f>rcss its gas pedal. Come in this week and check things for yourself, won't you? *2-door, 6-pnssonger Buick SPECIAL Sedan, Woriol -*S, illustrated. Optional oquiprrent, Healer 5 Dofroitor ... $81.70; Radio i. Antenna .. . $92. 50. Thrill af the year /s Buick MM KM MM MWH KM MKC- -WHEN KTTM AUTOMOMIK ARE MMIT MMCK WHl WHO TMM LANGSTON-Me WATERS BUICK CO. Walnut & Broadway 24 Hour Service Dial 3-4555

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