The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on February 1, 1955 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, February 1, 1955
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 262 Blythevllle Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevllle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1955 TEN PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENT! Faubus Gets Utility Rate Bond Bill Governor Expected To Sign It LITTLE ROCK (AP) — The House today passed 58-24 a Senate bill to modify the present bond provision in utility rate cases. , The bill now goes to Gov. Orval Faubus who has indicated he will sign it. Now a utility may put an Increase into effect without Public Service Commission approval by posting a bond to guarantee refunds if any should be ordered. The bill passed today says that no such Increase shall be made within less than 120 days after filing of the application unless the utility can convince the PSC of "compelling necessity." The bill, the second Introduced In the Senate this session . was called up by Rep. Charles W. Stewart Jr. of Washington County, who among others was supported by his Washington colleague. Rep. Fred Starr. . Stewart, Starr and others who spoke for the bill said it had the support of Gov. Paubus, who in last summer's primary campaign attacked the present bond provision. Rep. Defeat Urged Dan White of Sebastian County urged defeat of the bill. He said it was a "camouflaged" measure actually designed to permit utilities to put temporary rate increases into effect with 15 days Instead of the present 30. Others who spoke against the hill included Rep. James S. Yarbrough, also of Sebastian, who charged that the plan "gives the utilities a break." White is the author of a pending bill to remove the bond provision altogether. The House pa.ssed 80-0 a bill by Rep. Harry B. Colay of Columbia County to prohibit "willful or negligent" discharge of oil field refuse or salt water into streams or lakes where destruction of fish or plant life or other pollution would suit. Another bill paused would permit the revenue commissioner or his agents to inspect gasoline pumps to determine that they are of stated capacity. Rep. Paul Van Dalsem of Perry County, the author, said that n such authority exists at present. Pentagon Dispute Over Army Cuts May Become Next 'Great Debate WASHINGTON (AP) —, A Pentagon dispute over administration plans to cut Army strength was out in the open today and apparently destain- ed for considerable debate \vhen Congress considers military appropriations and draft extension. Pressed by members of the House Armed Services Committee for his views on the projected 140,000-man cut, Gen. Matthew B. RIdgway, Army chief of staff, said yesterday he felt it would "jeopardize" national security "to a degree." Previously, Ridgway's objections had been reported, but unconfirmed. Stevens Adjusted Sitting next to Ridgway, Secretary of the Army Stevens indicated he may at one time have leaned toward Ridgway's view. 'I have adjusted my thinking completely to the balanced program," Stevens said, "and have no higher figure in mind." The Army's civilian chief declared himself "well satisfied" with the size of forces allotted the Army, describing them as adequate to do the job at hand." It is the administration's plan to trim the Army from 1,170,000 men as of last July 1 to. 1,100,000 by next June 30 and to 1,027,000 by mid—1056. The stated objective is to maintain military forces in balance with economic factors. As the House committee turned its attention to President Eisenhower's request for a four-year extension of the draft law, Rep. Brooks (D-La) said congressional concern over the new manpower program is certain to-show up In House and Senate debate when the draft'bill is considered. Why Extend Draft "If the Army is being reduced, people are going to ask why the draft law must be extended four years," he told newsmen. Chairman Vinson (D-Ga) said he hoped the committee would have draft bill ready for the House i by next Monday. Despite some con- i gressional concern over the manpower program, the draft extension is expected to pass without trouble. Vinson told newsmen there would be no committee action now on the manpower issue. When Brooks, in the course - of a series of questions yesterday, asked whether the proposed Army cut would "jeopardize the safety ol our position in the Far East and the security of the country," Ridgway replied: Security Jeopardized? "I think we-' should not reduce it. I think we do jeopardize security to a degree." Ridgway went on to say that the* manpower reductions over the next 17 months wouJd necessitate "major reallocation" of U.S. Army forces throughout the world, not just in the Far East. But Ridgway emphasized tha' policy decisions are made by high- authority, and he asserted that "whatever the decision," the Army would follow it "with courage and loyalty." Japan's Leaders Near Break On Issue of Soviet Relations TOKYO (AP) — Japan's two top citizens are drifting toward an open break unless someone can get them to agree on how to make peace with Russia. Prime Minister Ichiro Hatoyama wants to end the state of war which still exists between Japan and Russia and then talk about the peace terms. Foreign Minister Mamoru Shige- mitsu, who signed the surrender- aboard the Missouri in 1945 and recalls that Russia struck his coun- ;ry just five days before the end of the war. wants io talk first arid, various world capitals. The most sign later. , important of these meetings was Unofficial peace talks between] in Paris between the Japanese and Russia and Japan nave been goini on for the past three months in Willingham Declared To Be Sane LITTLE ROCK Iff, — Billy Ray Willingham, ch.ireed with the murder of Mrs. Milton Fuller or Brinkley, Ark., has been declared sane. Stale Hospital Supt. Dr. E. H. Crawfis said today. Crawfis said that the hospital board found the 19-year-old Florence, Ala., youth was "without psychosis." Circuit Judge W. J. Waggoner o[ ^lonroe County, said at Lonakc, Ark., today that he had not yet received the official report, from the Stale Hospital at Little Rock. Willingham is charged with sinking the blow that fatally wounded Mrs. Fuller, wife of a Brlnkley automobile dealer, early on the morning of Dec. 12. He told officers and newsmen that he, committed the crime, but Liter denied it and said the early statements were made only after he vwts mistreated by officers. Mrs. Fuller's husband was asleep on a front room couch at the time of the attack. Willingham's attorney, John F. Gibson, has produced several people who said they saw Willingham in Memphis and the surrounding area at about the time Mrs. Fuller was killed. Memphis is about 70 miles from Brinkley. Gibson has said that if the test shows Willingham sane, he will file a writ of habeas corpus, which would require the state to show cause why Willingham Is being held. Senate Begins Debate On SEATO Treaty hopes Senate debate on the Southeast Asia Defense Treaty j !} a ,!! li " ms ' flshin(? starting today will not reopen the whole question of U. S. i. Battle Rages in Tachens Area; New Policy Statement Readied KEU.UNG Polish ambassadors to France. New Paint But now the Soviet embassy in Tokyo, not recognized since the Russians refused to sign the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1951. has undergone a renovation inside, new paint outside. It has all the earmarks of looking forward, to j welcoming a new ambassador. Shigemilsu wants to have an understanding first on such differ- 1 ences of rightful ownership of j WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. George (D-Ga) said he! the Habomai islands, which RUS-j ' " : " '- : —- fishing rights in the i .ific and, last, but not • least, the [ate of 57,600 Japanese; prisoners of war in Russian hands ! Hatoyama and Shigemitsu capie ' to power in December as joint leaders of the newly formed Democratic party of Japan. Their teamwork hastened a feeling of Japanese nationalism throughout the country. Among other things, both leaders promised restoration of normal relations with Russia and Communist Chin; But last Saturday, when Hatoya- ma announced publicly that he har received a note from ihe head the unofficial Soviet mission Japan proposing peace talks, Shi- gemitsu hit the ceiling. Japan's Foreign Office had ceivcd the same note the previous Tuesday nnd was trying to keep it secret, pointing out to the Rus sians there u-ere a few facts of life to be discussed first. Timing: Eyed American observers are wondering at the timing of the Russian offer. Article 26 of the San Francisco policy in the Far East. George, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations. Committee, said he knows of "no opposition" to the pact pledging five Asian and three Western nations to act in keeping with their constitutional processes against any Red attack within the treaty area. But he said in an interview that "n whole lot of new discussioi may be touched off because of Congress' action last week in approving a resolution endorsing in advance any measures President Eisenhower may think necessary in defense of Formosa. No Connection The defend-Formcsa resolution signed by Eisenhower Saturday has no connection with the area .covered by the pending treaty, which was signed at Manila last September. The treaty is designed to guard against both external aggression und internal subversion in Pakistan. Thailand, the Philipines, Australia and New Zealand, all signatories, nnd free Viet Nam, Cam bodia and Laos, covered by the treaty but not signatories. Other signers are Great Britain, France and the United States. The foreign relations committee has recommended ratification 14-1, with only Sen. Langer (R-ND) dissenting. ____ Minor Tremor Reported EUREKA, Calif. f/P)—A minor earthquake was felt In Eureka nt 9:02 last night. No damage was reported. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Chlckasaws S«k 17th Vlc- ' tory at Bay Tonight. . . Kentucky Falh Ajaln to Georgia Tech . . . Hut Still Tops Poll . . . Sports . . . pngffl 6 antl 7 ... ... 10 Mysterious Fingerprints Found In Ruben steins Room Are Checked . . . pflfit 10 ... . , . British Surge"" Finds Major Difference)! Between White find Nejtro RAM* In South Africa . , . p«Rft 5 ... ... A Flexible Approach . . . Editorial* . . . p*Ke 4 ... Mobile Coach Named by ASC; Beall Mentioned JONESBORO, Ark. (JP) — Gene Harlow, who helped direct Murphy High of Mobile, Ala., to a 9-1 record last year, was named head coach at Arkansas State College today. Harlow, Murphy line coach la.st year, served as player and coach under such well-known mentors as Ray Morrison and Red Sanders while at Vanderbilt, Frank Thomas and Red Drew nt Alabama; Millard F. (Dixie) Howell at University of Idaho; Jim Aiken and Jim Casa- novfi at Oregon; and Raymond (Bear) Wolf at Tulane, It is reported that Bill Beall, Osceola High School coach, has been offered the Job of assistant coach. Sen. Capehart (R-Ind), a Foreign Relations Committee member, said in a separate interview that "no U.S. air, sea or ground troops" would be used to carry out terms of the Southeast Asia pact "unless the British and the French go aloiiK with us," Capehart said the treaty clearly .slates that the United States "does not have to get involved, no matter what happens out there, unless we want to go in." AEC Asked To Review D-Y Vote NATIONALIST STRENGTH — Above detailed map of Formosa shows air and naval bases of Chiang Kai-shek's forces surrounding the Chinese Nationalists' island stronghold. Inset shows posi- invitation Sent ro Peiping tion of Formosa in relation to Japan and Philippines. The Nat ions lists have 13 air bases, including one on the Pescadores Islands and two naval bases. X* 33 ** * WASHINGTON (ji — Sen. Gore i D-Tenn > called on the Atomic Energy Commission today to take another vote on the Dixon-Yato.-s contract in the li^hi of a congressional committee's request that it be canceled. I Gore, a bitter foe of the contract. I sent a telegram to all AEC mem- I bers stating "I respectfully insist that the commission record a formal vote" upon the cancellation request of the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee. One .AEC member, Thomas E. Murray, told the joint committee yesterday he favors cancellation. The contract has been "so damaging" in 1 its effect on the commission, he said, "that something must be done to free the commission from any connection with this cause for so much discord." The disputed contract, made by AEC at President Eisenhower's order, calls for construction of a 107-million-dollar plant, at West Memphis. Ark., by the Dixon-Yntes irivatc power group. It would sup- jly power to the Tennessee Valley Authority lo replace TVA electricity used by AEC. The Senate-Hou.se committee last Friday adopted a resolution, forced through by the new Democratic najority on the committee, which asked AEC to cancel the contract. Ionic Republican members have questioned whether the action has any legal weight. Treaty stipulated that Japan was under obligation to sign similar treaties, before April 28, 1055. with every other former enemy nation who hnrl been a signer of the United Nations declaration of Jan. 1, 1952, Inasmuch as the peace treaty of San Franci.sco gave the Kurile Islands Japan Russia renouncing the form her claims thi?rn, perhaps the Soviets are beginning to believe the San Fran? Cisco Peace Treaty wasn't such a bad idea at that. Civil Jury Finds For Defendant A jury in the civil division of Circuit Court here yesterday returned a verdict in favor of the defendant in the case of H. H. Howard of Leachville, plaintiff, vs. Johnny F. Young of Blytheville, defendant, In the suit, Mr. Howard sought damages totaling $382.66 as the result of a traffic accident near Tomato last July. The suit of Gene Henderson vs. Langston-McWaters Btiick Co., in which Mr. Henderson is seeking punitive damages through an alleged misrepresentation of the facts in the sale of an automobile, was being heard this morning. UN Awaits Reds' Reply UNITED NATIONS, N T . V. L\P\ — U. N. Security Council discussion of a cease-fire in. closed. the Formosa Strait today awaited Red China's answer to the councirs bid for Peiping spokes- win men to join in the debate. US, Nationalists Debate Future Of Outposts TAIPEH, Formosa (AP) -*Fresh fighting on sea and in the air boiled up around the embattled Tachen Islands again today while the United States and Nationalist China debated the future of Chiang Kai-shek's offshore island outposts. An American source said the finishing touches were being put in Washington to an agreed announcement clarifying the status of the Nationalist strongholds just off the Red mainland. In the explosive Tachen area, Nationalist and Communist Chinese hammered each other with bombs and guns. The Defense Ministry said four Nationalist planes clashed with Russian-built MIG15 fighters in broad daylight but returned to base after successfully carrying out their missions. Fires Started The ministry said two of the Nationalist planes divebombed and strafed Red targets on newly- captured' Yikiangshan Island, starting many fires despite heavy Red anti-aircraft fire from Yikiangshan and Toumen Island, five miles to the northwest. Four waves of MIGlS's tried to intercept them as they returned to base but the Nationalist planes escaped, the ministry said. A few minutes later twn Nationalist fighter bombers clashed with several MIG's north of the Tachens but returned to base, the ministry reported. The mission of these two planes was not disclosed. The report came on the heels of a Defense Ministry announcement that four Communist warships 5-nelled Nationalist Yushan, Island, 30 miles northeast of the explosive Tachens, then "fled under strong fire from !he defenders." The ministry also said a lone .Vsnonahot warship fought a 76- mmme bnule with several Red v.-irshjps 25 miles northeast of the Taehens iodav. and forced them to flee. No datpace to either side was reported, nor was the number r,f Communist vessels involved dis- The Intentions source spoke shortly after U.'N. Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold cabled the invitation to the Chinese Convj u - s ; Ambassador Kan L. Rankin munist capital last night after the council voted to: I conferred at length with snen 1. Take up Ne\v Zen!:;nd's re- 7- '••- • quest, for debate on "ho~t;!i'ies in the area of certain islands China: °"iy 2. Invite the Chinese R a ds to ! participate in the deoate; and • 3. Delay until after the New Zealand proposal council consider- .tion of renewed Sc.iv.et demands for immediate withdraw; 1 .! of U.S. armed forces from the Formosa g Jobs Forecast for '55 MIAMI BEACH, Fla. (AP) — Higher wages but fewer area and surrender of the coastal j jobs is the. forecast for 1955 received by AKL leaders today as they opened top-level winter meetings. islands to Peiping. Kecessed The council then recessed its sessions until Hammarskjold hears from Peiping. A Peiping radio broadcast today made no mention of the council Invitation but said New Zealand should withdraw its proposal— which is aimed at a cease-fire—in favor of the Russian resolution. not i nc: from the official Chinese Communist newspaper. The Pei- ping People's Daily, the broadcast repeated Red Chinese pledges to "liberate" Formosa, the Fcsca- tile 0=1 .MandVand " 1 The AFL Executive Council, 17- member policy-making group of the big labor organization, studied a report prepared by AFL economists predicting that unions will win substantial wage boosts this y ea r. The report, at the same time. expressed fear that unemployment i will average about 4.000.000! throughout the year, or a million higher than the 3,000,000 jobless average of 1954. An above normal increase among penditures and business outlays for new plants and equipment are expected to decline, and the work force may expand by 900,000 as more young men are released from the armed servics. » asserted "interference" would not permitted. It added that only U.S. withdrawal from the area will ease the tension there. U.S. Chief Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. voted with eight other council members to extend the invitation to Peiping. But Lodge quickly made plain to the council vote meant no change in U.S. opposition to seating Red China in he U.N. or in American refusal • recognize the Peiping regime. Lodge said because Red China a party to the armed conflict, he United States has to deal with See U.N. on Pape 3 11 Children, Father Die in Tenement Fire AMSTERDAM, N. Y. Wl—Eleven children nnd a lather were trapped and killed today when an oil-fed fire raged through « brick tenement house In this Mohawk River Industrial city. Among the dead were Jsan Rivera and his five children. The casualties Included five Injured, persons, Police snlcl an oil heater 'overflowed In one of the eight apart- nicnta and started a fire thnt exploded an oil drum In the collar of Ihe two-story building about 12:55 a.m. The dnm's tragedy numbed Ainstcr- 32,500 residents, already groggy from an industrial blow. Last Saturday, the Bigolow-Snn- ford Cm-pet Co. announced it would close Its century-old plant and throw approximately 1,050 out of work. Amsterdam is 35 miles west of Albany. The children who died ranged In age from six months fo 14 years. The 12 who perished raised the nation's fire loll this week to '17 in six states. Ten families lived In the eight apartments In the tenement, an old building not far from the railroad tracks. Ten of the 22 occupants escaped. Many fled In their nlRhtelolhcs Into a snowstorm and aub-frcc7,lng temperatures. Police and firemen rescued others, them in. The barking' of saved lives. Mrs. Anna OflRliardy Neighbors look two dogs also said her apartment. Mrs. Mury dog nwnkened her. Smelling .smoke, slip dragged her 84-year- okl mother, Mrs. Colin Kosiba, fci!t first, from their ground-floor K'ng snld her (Ing kept growling. She looked out a window nnd "It 1 seemed as if the whole street WHS ablaze." She mid her four children dressed and fled. It was "like n crnckerbox," Police Chief Jeremiah Robert* said. Patrolman Marvin Swart found the building "a ball of flame inside." "I found a boy nbout 13 kneeling, dead, beside a crib. The baby In the crib w;<s dead, too." he said. •'There was n lot of screnming, and one woman kept hollering to go back for her two dogs." The dog.s were saved. In one apartment, Rivera, -10, and his five children died. The The bodies of four of the children were found In the kitchen, surrounded by dolls, toys and half- finished baby's milk bottle. Four children in the family of Mr. nnd Mrs. Stanley Motyka per- Ishod, and two In the family of Mr, nnd Mrs. Raymond Henton. to scheduled reductions in the mil itary forces, plus new productive efficiencies, were listed as reasons for the expected hike In the num- j ber of unemployed. More Increases The AFL council was expected to endorse several steps designed to bolster the economy and help reduce unemployment, One favorite AFL antidote Is higher exemptions to reduce income tax payments among wage earners. Another is to increase the present 75 cents an hour federal minimum wage. The 1955 economic outlook ut before the council said that wage increases, which it claims unions will seek and get in 1955, will help buoy consumer purchasing power. "The net result," the report said, "will menu a rise in consumer expenditures. However, under present prospects, the increase will fall far short of the amount necessary to develop a high employment economy similar t o 1953." The report said government ex- Assault Charge Brings Fine Shirloy Brown. Negro, wns fined $50 nnd costs in Municipal Court this morning on n chnrgc of fls- snult with a deadly weapon. The court suspended $25 of the fined urlng good behaviour. Eye Cotton Acreage WASHINGTON i.-Pj — Senators from cotton growing stales were scheduled to meet this afternoon to discuss chances of legislating a national cotton allotment increase in the face of Agriculture Department opposition. The senators received letters yesterday from True D. Morse, undersecretary of agriculture, stating the department's opposition to an increase. Several bills have been submitted which would increase the present allotment of 18,183,000 acres, a reduction from last year. A new solution to the cotton acreage problem was proposed today by Rep. Dowdy (D-Texi. He admitted it might not work but urged the Agriculture Department to study it, Dowdy would have all farmers with cotton allotments of five acres or less plant their land Instead to some soil-building cover crop. In return, the government would give them title to two bales of government-owned surplus cotton to sell through regular trade channels. His plan might help both the small growers and the critical surplus problem, Dowdy thinks. He pointed out It would reduce the surplus by about n half-million bales nnd, by taking about n million acres out of cotton production, would work agaln.it a further ln-i crease in government stock*. I i Chang-huan, acting foreign minister. Prpsi;mably the Washington, announcement would spell out what the United Slates intends to do anout the Tachens, as well as such otrior inland ou'.posts as Quemoy and Matsu. The U.S. 7th Fleet, with the added support of swift Air Force ?abrc,icts. is .sunrime by in the Formosa area, awaiting orders to help ihe l^-ionalists evacuate some 30.000 troops and civilians from the Ta*hens, 200 miles to the north. The order to start the evacuation v. as reported held up because the Nationalists don't want to abandon the T.icheiv; before they have as- j-urances the United States will help defend other island outposts off the Red mainland. Et'en if nn agreement is reached iii V/ai-li ing ton, it does not neces- i-arily mean the Tachen evacuation would get under way immediately. Other factors, such as the possi- bilitv of a ccr:?e-fire, could bring .locut more delays. pp;mn£r radio, heard in Tokyo, gave no indication that the Chinese Reds would a?ree to a cease-fire, which they have opposed as bitterly a." the Nationalists. (Peiping said. New Zealand's cease-fire proposal in Ihe United Nations was "only one of the steps in the United States' cease-fire rick" and declared it "contra- vencr the charter of the United See CHINESE on Page 3 Weather ARKANSAS — Scattered shower* east and north this afternoon and in northeast early tonight. Colder with lowest 25-36 north and 30-40 .south portion tonight. Wednesday fair and cool. MISSOURI—Heavy snow warn* ing extreme north this afternoon; snow occEi.siona.lly mixed with Ireca* ing rain or sleet northwest and ex* tremc north and showers south and east-central this afternoon gradually diminishing and ending moat sections tonight. Minimum this morning—30. Maximum yesterday—M, Sunrise tomorrow—8:5R. Sun.iot tod«y~-5:20. Mnm temperature—45, Precipitation' U«t 24 houri to T p.im* —none. FreclplUtlon Jan, 1 to dfctfr-I.U. Thf* Date /,««£ f«*r Maximum yoBtcrday—SS. Minimum thin mornlnx—37. ** **»• —

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