The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 28, 1955 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, January 28, 1955
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS not DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OT NORTREABT ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 259 BlythevlUe Courier BrythevUte Dully Newt BlythevUle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JANUARY 28, 1955 TWELVE PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVB CENT* House Bill On Highway Funds Hit Eldridge Says Adoption Costly To State Roads LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Stat Highway Director Herbert Eld ridge said today that a. bil passed by the House yesterda, would cost the Arkansas high way program $14 million dur ing the next two years anc might keep the state from sharing in the proposed billion federal program. ' Highway Commissioner Glenn Wallace said: Our constructioi program will be completely wrecked if the Senate passes thi bill." The bill, passed 75-15 by thi House, would turn back annually to cities about $3.5 million th presently goes to the highway de partment. Not Surplus Eldridge said that the mone; v/as not a surplus, — a label given It by some House members. He said that the hignway pro gram would lose $7 million during the next two years — and woulc lose an equal amount in federa matching funds. He said that pass age of the bill would mean thai 450 miles of secondary farm-to market roads could not be paved The highway director chargec that the bill had been pushed through by municipalities under a misconception. "They played up the point that they were just getting surplus money, and that the highway de partment would still have $2 million more than needed for maln- tnenance work and to match federal funds," Eldridge said. Eldridge said passage of the bill would make the proposed $52 million Pulaskl County road plan out of the question. Tight Squeeze He said the state will have about 12 million In the next fiscal year — and that 12.9 million in federal matching funds will be available. ".Thnt is just an indication ot what a tight squeeze we'll have if we don't lose any money," Eldridge said. Eldridge said that the state formerly had trouble matching 8.5 million in federal money. Last year the amount of federal funds available was raised to 12.9 million. He said that president Eisenhower's program is based on the promise that the states will not reduce their present rate of participation In the highway program. Eldridge said that House members apparently had been led to believe that a 16 million surplus had piled up in the highway department. He said that the money was needed to award contracts between now and the end of the fiscal year Hospital X-Ray Plan Discussed Miss Alice Porter, consultant in case finding for the National Tuberculosis Association,' and Robert Schnee, executive .secretary of the Arkansas TB Association, were on hand last night to meet with the county association's executive committee at the Razorback, Aspects of a routine hospital x-ray program and a new bill to be introduced in the Arkansas Legislature which would provide for retention in the state sanitorium of recalcitrant TB patients were discussed. Dr. Eldon Fairley will head a committee to meet with Count; Hospital Administrator John Cherry and -study the hospital x-ray program. Dr. Weldon Rainwater, William Wyatt and Health Nurse Lucy Boon Miller comprise the committee. Mn Frances Gammill, executive secretary of the county association, will meet with the group. STEELE SCHOOL DESTROYED — Flames ravaged this Steele School District Negro School building in the Maplewood community yesterday. It was the only Negro school in the district and Its loss presents a problem to school officials. (Photo by Veager) fast Midwest Hard Hit by Cold, Snow By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A late January cold wave engulfed wide areas in the eastern half of the nation today and there was no indication of immediate relief. Snow, subzero temperatures and. tributed to the cold weather. A School Fire Brings Problem Negro Building Near Steele Destroyed strong winds were in prospect for he Midwest, hardest hit by the coldest weather of the winter season. The cold also swept into Eastern ind Southern areas and tempera- -ures dropped as the frigid air moved southeastward from the ^now-covered mid-continent. Below Zero Temperatures in the Midwest were not as low today as y ester- lay morning, when they tumblec -36 in northern Minnesota. Bui hey were far below zero in most if the northern sections of the lorth central region. There also /ere subzero readings in parts of Vew York, Pennsylvania and West Virginia. Temperatures dipped 10 to 34 Agrees since yesterday morning rom east Texas northeastward cross the Gulf States and along lie Atlantic Coast. It was 22 Birmingham, Ala., and 19 in Chat- anoogu, Tenn. Snow tapered off during the ight over most of the Midwest and arts of the plains, bringing icasure of relief from yesterday's Itlng cold. It was 17 degrees below zero in nternational Falls, Minn., early oday, about 19 degrees warmer hun yesterday's -36. But strong, northerly winds jread more cold air from Canada outheastward across the Northern Inins and the icy blasts were pre- icted for the Midwest by tonight. There was only light precipitation i the East, with flurries in the ustern Great Lukes region and in ew England. Coldest spot.'; in the East includ- ri an unofficial -IB in Forestport, i the foothills of the Adirondack ountains. It was -12 at Van, Pa., ear Oil City, while Elkins, W. Va., 'ported -8. Early morning reports: New ork, 17 and clear ;Chicago 7 a'jd ,ht snow; Denver, 26 and parity judy; Salt Lake City, 11 and tnir; Los Angeles, n5 and clear; in Francisco, 42 and clear; Se- .tle. 34 and fog. At least three deaths were at- ; woman In Chicago and a man in Cleveland died of exposure. Another man died in Cleveland while shoveling snow. $700 Damages Awarded in Suit Vcrnon Edgar Biles of Little Rock was awarded judgement of $700 in his suit ngalnt Willie Wells of Blytlieville in the civil division of Circuit Court here this morning. The suit sought damages resulting from a traffic accident in Memphis In April, 1952. Intide Today's Courier Newt , . . Mfwley Rejects Arkansas Stale Cnllcfe Coaching Offer; to Remain at Blytheville High . . . ChlckaMm Hofli to Gmn County Tech at Hnley Gym Tonljht —Win Easily »t Parnjould . . . Sportt . . . paKeR.fl and 7 ... . . . Farm Newa and ReTfew . . . mea « and t . . . . . . Tour Income Tax—10 . . . Now You're Ready to Compute Tax . . . tut In a Serin , . . tvtt » . . . . . , Our Fin Doparinimt b Good, Bit Limited . . . Editorial* ... -iolder to Preside At State Meet Worth Holder, manager of BIy theville'K Chamber of Commerce will preside over the annual meet ing of the Arkansas Associa " of Commercinl Organizations the Marion Hotel in Little Rock next week. Mr. Holder is president of the organization whose membership is made up of managers of al Chambers of Commerce in the The meeting opens Sunday and will continue through Tuesday. Mr Holder's wife will accompany him to Little Rock. Lion Governor Here Tuesday Paul Thompson, district governor of Lions International, will visit the Blytheville club Tuesday, Blytheville President L. E. Old stated today. Mr. Thompson, who is from Trumann, is governor of 42 Lions clubs in this section of the state. He will advise with, club officers while here, Mr. Old said, nnd will attend the meeting. club's regular noon Shivers Heads Negro RC Drive M. J. Shivers, Hitrrlson. High School toucher, has been named chairman of Negro solicitations for he forthcoming American Red Cross fund drive In Blytheville, 'red S. Salibn, city chairman, announced today. He hns been active in Chickasawba Chapter fund drives for several .years and was chairman of he Negro division lost year. The fund-raising campaign begins March 1. Mothers March Chairmen Named They'll Make Polio Solicitations On Monday Night Plans were laid today to carry out the annual Mothers March on Polio, in Blytheville and surrounding towns under direction of Mrs. Byron E. Moore, north Mississippi County chairman. The mothers will make house-to- house calls Monday night from 6:30 until 7:30 p.m. in the annual porch light campaign. In an effort to clarify the solicitations program, Blytheville chairman W. J. Steinslek pointed out that solicitations mailed from Osceola are not asking for funds for the Osceola drive. "County Chairman Jim Hyatt of Osceola had the appeals mailed out and responses will go to the county office there. It is a county-wide appeal and gifts will be so acknowledged," he stated. Chairmen Here are various community: chairmen for the Monday night mothers march: The Mesdames William Edwards. Jr.. Manila; John Swihart. Mary Hitt, Leachville; Byron Moore, T. A. Woodyard. Blytheville; Monroe 3esherse, Yarbro: J. R. Dobbs, Lost Cane; J. M. Stevens, Jr., Dell. The Mesdames F. E. Lucius, Gosnell; Leslie Moore, Lone Oak; 3illy Johnson, Number Nine: O. M. Mitchell, Half Moon; N. C. Pal- :erson, Armorel and Huffman; Aubrey Bruce. Flat Lake; Wesley tailings, Clear Lake; Tom C. Moore, Promised Land, and Miss Virginia Wilson, Roseland. By Flames By H. L. YEA^ER STEELE — Fire of undetermined origin destroyed the Negro elementary school of Steele Reorganized District No. 5 Thursday afternoon. The school was located at Maplewood, five miles north of Steele on Highway 61. The fire was first detected as smoke coming from the flue in EIna Hill's first grade room. It was at the noon hour and children were eating Lheir lunches. Flames spread quickly and the building of four large rooms was soon demolished. Only the brick walls of two rooms were left standing. Two rooms of frame construction had been added to the brick building when it was made ready for the Negro elementary school. Practically all equipment, including soms ;".Li:-:ibing, was removed according to Ada Murphy, principal. The school was staffed by four Negro teachers. No children were injured, and they left the building orderly with their wraps. A large truck load of text and library books, apparently suffering no injury whatever from the tire were loaded up. School seats and tables were sared. The four large stoves were the major loss of equipment. Loss of the building poses a problem for officials of Reorganized School District V. Two hundred or more children attended the school. President of the school board, Frank Huffman, called a meeting Thursday night to discuss the emergency and make possible plans See FIRE on pape 3 U.S. and Britain Said Prepared To Invite Red China to UN Talks Nationalists Strike Islands, Red Shipping I Local Civil Fire Destroys Burdette Home A man, his wife and three children last their clothing when fire destroyed their home on Gilchrest Road. Mrs. Walter Carson reported she saved only one chest of drawers when the house caught fire while the family was sleeping. Mr. Carson drives a truck on an air base construction project. The .family is living now with Mrs. Carson's parents, C. L. Tyler, at Burdette. Children's ages are 5, 4 and 2 and another baby is expected in May. Persons desiring to help may leave clothes at the J, W. Carson home, 906 Lilly. Need Told An awakening to the needs of a well-organized civil defense program was called for yesterday when H. B. (Jimmy) Richardson spoke to members of Blytheville's Rotary Club. "Civil Defense isn't something to TAIPEH, Formosa (AP) — Nationalist warpianes struck new blows at Chinese Red shipping and island outposts near the Tachen Jslands today from the Formosa fortress which bristled with growing U. S. military strength. Decision for a, nationalist pullout from the exposed Tachens 200 miles north of Formosa apparently awaited U.S. Senate approval of President Eisenhower's fight-if-we- must Formosa policy. (Peiping radio trumpeted that Eisenhower "was asking Congress for dictatorial powers to start war which has never • been possessed by his predecessors." (The propaganda broadcast, heard in Tokyo, said the powers would free Elsenhower "from all restrictions on scope and nature of action to be taken." (The official Chinese Red radio said the U.S. Congress resolution would grant Eisenhower authprity "to use American armed forces n open intervention in the Chinese people's liberation of Taiwan (Formosa), Penghu and the offshore islands and to launch direct armed aggression against China's mainland.) 400,000 Troops A Nationalist deputy military spokesman today estimated that the Reds had massed 400.000 troops in the two provinces opposite Formosa and President Chiang Kai-shek's string of island outposts. 'He said the Red forces, which include security troops and veterans of the Korean War, were about equally divided between Chekiang and Pukien provinces. Some are within gun range of the Nationalist island outposts. The Communists also have a string of mainland air bases which have mounted 200 plane strikes against the Nationalists. In Pearl Harbor, Adrn. Felix B. Stump declared the Reds would "•ret the pants licked off them" if, they tried to invade Formosa. j Stump, U. S. Navy commander in | try. It illustrates the haunting ~ ' 'fears which afflict the leaders of Indonesia's 80 million people. Senate Leaders Seek Vote Today on Ikes Formosa Proposals WASHINGTON (AP) — Senate leaders pressed today for quick approval of President Eisenhower's Formosa defense policy, but critics indicated they wanted to do some more talking. "I fiink the vote must come | ices Committee said they thought today." said Sen. Knowland of Cal- [ some of the steam had been taken ifornia, the Republican leader, j out of the opposition by a state"It would be bad psychologically! ment issued yesterday by the to continue the delay." White House. He thus took the same line as Sen. Morse that voiced yesterday by Chairman George (D-Ga) of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee George told the Senate it should not use "trifling amendments" or j make a preventive war strike" at Jong delays to rob the resolution j the China mainland. Morse said (D-Ore) contended. on the other hand, that the statement is "a tacit admission" that the resolution is broad enough to give advance authorization "to of its psychological impact Question is When The resolution, which would give advance approval to the measures Eisenhower deems necessary to protect Formosa and the Pescadores Islands, passed the House Tuesday 409-3. That the senate will also approve was_conceded by almost everyone. The only question was when. 'Sen. Clements majority leader, hold the Senate in session tonight or order a Saturday session if that w'ould bring a final vote. Knowland and Chairman Russell (D-Ga) of the Armed Serv- (D-Ky), acting said he would he wants to discuss the issues further. The statement said Eisenhower, at a conference with military officials, had made it clear that U.S. forces in the area of Chiang Kai-shek's Formosa "were designed purely for defensive purposes." "Any decision to use United States forces other than in immediate self-defense or in direct defense of Formosa and the Pescadores would be a decision which he (Eisenhower) would take and the responsibility for which he has not delegated," the White House said. While World Eyes Formosa Reds Make Quiet Move in Indonesia By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Foreign News Analyst While fireworks over Formosa center the world's attention on Red China, a heady broth is brewing to the south. The text of a speech by Presi- These fears have given rise t dent Soekarno of Indonesia has lust become available in this coun- the Pacific, told newsmen Asia could erupt in a hot war if the Communists want that but added, "I don't think it will get hot." Concerning possible evacuation of the Tachens, the admiral said, "If we're told to do something anywhere we have the power to do it." Swelling U.S. sir and sea strength in this troubled sector made clear that the United States was preparing to resist any Communist move which might threat- i Formosa. The 45.000-ton carrier Midway and the cruiser Pittsburgh unofficially were reported rushes to join the U.S. 7th Fleet in Fonnosan waters. 137-PIane Punch The Midway would add a 137- p]ane punch to the four carriers Y Sunday Plans Are Announced City Churches Will Recognize Organization wishful thinking that could help weave a Communist trap. The President addressed a conference of political leaders on prospects for Indonesia's first general elections. He indicated he had re- Plan Council Discussions On Ceasefire LONDON (AP) Official British informants said today Britain and the United States have agreed to invite Communist China to a United Nations Security Council meeting for discussion of a cease-fire in the China fighting. These responsible informants said New Zealand, in agreement with Britain and the United States, will ask the Security Council to meet Monday to consider extending the Invitation to the Peiping regime. The. United States and Nationalist China were reported ready to participate in the discussions with the Chinese Reds. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden is expectd to ask India's Prime Minister Nehru to use his influence with the Chinese Reds to get them to accept the invitation. Nehru is due here Saturday to attend the Commonwealth Prime Ministers Conference opening in London Monday. Jurisdiction Denied Premier Chou En-lal of Bed China said Monday the United Nations had no Jurisdiction in the Formosa clash. But the British hope Nehru will be able to per- saude Chou to agree at least to sit down and talk things over. The official informant said the U.N. invitation is to go out to Pel- ping with the clear understanding that its acceptance will not prejudice the legal territorial claims of either Red China or Chiang Kai- shek's Chinese Nationalists. The British Foreign Office refused to comment on these reports and. the U.S. Embassy spokesman was not available for comment. The British were reported favoring a China peace plan that would call for immediate Chinese Nationalist withdrawal from all the China offshore islands. These would include the Tacheas, Matsu and Juemoy. At the would undertake to refrain from attacking the main Nationalist holdings—Formosa and the neighboring Pescadores—pending an eventual peaceful settlement of the rival sovereignty claims. Also involved same time, Red China later would be fresh consideration United ceived soothing words from the Communists, fourth strongest par- of China's demand for ty m Parliament .whose support j Nations seat. keeps the PNI [Indonesian Nation-! U. S. Pledged alls? parry) in power. He not only! The British feel that Nationalist expressed some belief in Red j abandonment of the offshore is- promises, but even dipped into the works of Stalin for comfort. Reds Stronger The Communists have grown in lands is essential to insure any cease-fire. Such a move would set up a neutral safety belt of 100 miies of water between the Red already with the 7th Fleet which jsatres from can handle about 400 planes. They ' , are the York town, Kearsarge, be lightly brushed aside because we j Wasp and E?sex, think Blytheville may never be an The U.S. 18th Sabrejet Wing was A-bomb target," he told the group. "Our civil defense program will be set up to cope with any emergency, including floods and tornadoes, with which we are more or less familiar. "Under Jhe direction of Mayor E. R. Jackson and Civil Defense Chief Roy Head, the local committee has met 14 times since it was organized last year. "Lack of public interest, thus far has provided the biggest stumbling block toward a smooth-working civil defense organization. "I would urge each of you to serve with this group and extend it cooperation whenever called on," he concluded. Rotarian Keith Bilbrey introduced Mr. Richardson. newly settled on Formosa from base in the Philippines 'and Okinawa. Brig. Gen. Harold Grant. deputy commander of the U.S. 5th Air Force, is in command of the i Sabres • here. | The 5th Air Force commander Lt. Gen. Roger Ramey left Taipeh today to inspect Nationalist air bases on Formosa and there were indications the Air Force would fly in planes. Nationalist claimed their bombers hit n 1,500- ton Communist warship today 35 miles northeast of the Tachens and scored excellent results in Waves of strikes again Toumen and Yi- still more combat-ready air headquarters kiangshan Tachens. islands near the power and influence in Indonesia, i China and Chinese Nationalist po- Some sources estimate their sitions. strength at 600,000 members, ex- The United States is pledged to elusive of the islands' Chinese, j protect Formosa and the Pesca- Most of the two million Chinese 1 dores under terms of its under- nre said to support Red China, j standing with Nationalist China. The party strength is big for any : But the Eisenhower administration I country and enormous for an tin- j has thus far avoided defining which j derdeveloped one like Indonesia, j of the offshore islands it considers 'bill ' u " no;£e Rovernment already is laced ; vital, to the defense of Formosa. . . . "iwith Communists and pro-Commu-' Nehru conferred with Red The Y-s Indian Guide tribe will j n * ls in important places. j China's charge d'affaires in New eathcr at First Christian Church! In his speech last week, Presi- Delhi last night, before taking off National YMCA Sunday will be observed in Blytheville as various Y organizations will be on hand at church services over the city. | Several churches will make note of y-Sunday both throueh mes- !i(iL!!L'l ill r II M V.,111 IMliUl l^llLil 1111 ' - 1 - 11 Ji '- 3 .•> |."-•_ 111 n.-;i' •>!_•_;.., *. i <-.jt - Sunday where the father-son or-; dent Soekarno appealed for nation- j loday for London to attend a Com- ganizntion will attend morning! al unity. He noted the Asian-Afri-I monweaUh prime ministers cong services together. Other Events Several Tri-Hi Y clubs will be present at Lake Street Methodist Church for 11 a. m. services. One Y youngster, Bruce Smythe. is scheduled to make a statement at morning services at First Presbyterian Church. Other Hi-Y and Tri-Hi Y clubs will attend church together at First Methodist .Church at evening services Sunday. This year marks the 100th anniversary of the World Alliance of YMCA, which Paris in 1855. was organized in This year, some 10,000 delegates j from 77 nations will meet again in I the French capital. j can conference of nations to open i in Indonesia in April, and asked party leaders how Indonesia could inspire unity from West Africa to China if it was torn by its own internal fighting. He begged them not to make the general elections "an object for dissension, a cause for mutual strife." Then he added he had seen hopeful signs in promises of party leaders, including the Communists. Reverse Theory "They understand." said the President, "or at least their leaders have asserted that in carrying out (the) national revolution we should not overly stress 'class ference. Although no details of the talk were disclosed, informed sources said the meeting was arranged "at i,Red Chinese Premier) Chou En- See U. S. on page 3 struf jle.' No. On the contrary they See REDS on page 3 U.S. Ready to Hit Reds from Alaska to Philippines .By JOHN RANDOLPH TOKYO (ft— American aircraft in Lhe Par East have been deployed to strike the Communists from Alaska to the Philippines at a moment's notice If the Reds start a real war over the Pormosan crisis, responsible American said in Tokyo today Atomic War? "We are as alert as we can be— we are ready to go to war this nlnutc," he said. And that war would Inevitably be atomic, unless a political decision In Washington withheld the A-bombs. ' The source declined use of his name. He has access to official hlnklng. H« rounded out a moblliiation picture that has been ormlng In the Far East for the ",t WSCk. Soin* (MtaUi MI alrMdy known, and some are still secret. Taken together, the new and old information adds up to something like this: Decisions Delayed 1. Ths United States will never so to war in the Par East unless forced Into It by Communist attack. 2. The United States does not know the real Intentions of the Communists—particularly the Chi- ne.se Communists. Because of that, many decisions must be delayed untlJ. the last moment when the enemy wakes up his mind—and America's. 3. Any war In this area would start either as a small scale "Korean - type" limited action — or would be all-out atomic. There are no Immediate preprntlons for any Inrfir scr.lo, conventional fighting —without A-bomtw—u la World 4. American A-bombers are poised in a ring of bases ready, if necessary, to blot out Chinese Communist concentrations in the Shanghai area—logical Red military area for any nssnult on the Titchens area or Formosa. These bases range from Formosa northward through Okinawa, southern Japan and South Korea—the latter nttPd the best base at all for raids on the Shanghai area and about 100 miles closer than Okinawa. Korea was reinforced by the Air Force today. 5. Some military officials remembering Pearl Harbor, are worried about getting decisions fast enough in a real emergency. They are not worried about physical communi- ~but about Washington's for counterattack. 6. Red China, drawing on Soviet pi eduction and perhaps organization, has from 1,200 to 1,400 planes in the general • Pormosa-Tachen- mainland area, about 250 of them MG15 jet fighters and several hundred sleek IL28 jet bombers. 7. Some of the military thinking here Is that the United States Is too set on yielding the Tachens and too set on holding Quemoy und Matstl. They .feel the Tachens have real military value as radar bases and blocking positions against any seaborne Red Invasion attempt from the Shanghai area Matsu and Quemoy, however, are so close to the mainland they have little value except as tokens, the military men tnl, "You can say the Tachens are worth more from a military standpoint th?n the oth"r two put to- ceded there are other considerations. 8. The United States has about 2,000 planes In the Par East, of w^ich nearly 900 are fighters and about 125 are light bombers. This does not count the Strategic Air Command's heavy jet bombers on Guam and elsewhere, nor does it count the 300 to 400 planes In the 7th Fleet. political readlnes* to glvt orders gether," the source said, but COD- 3 Possibilities Seen There was an impression that some military officers fear the Formosan tangle might wind up as another Korean War, with frustrating, long-range action. The source and other Americans here saw three possibilities In the crisis— a Communist back down for the time being, an all-out atomic war, or perhaps, U the A- bomb Is ruled out, a long frustrating Korea-style war without t de- oitlon. Brofher of Local Men Succumbs Services for Bitty Lee, 85, of Stillwell, Okla., brother of George and John Lee of Blytheville and who died yesterday following a. two-year illness, will be conducted tomorrow at Stillwell. In addition to his brothers, he Is survived by four sisters, and six children. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS—Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and tomorrow. Not quite so cold Saturday. Sunday partly cloudy and warmer. High today, mid lO'i; low tonight, 15-20. ' MISSOURI — Clear or clearing nd colder this afternoon and tonight except not so cold northwest tonight; Saturday Increasing cloudiness with light snow developdlnff northeast and extreme north; warmer northwest and coldir southeast Saturday. Minimum thin morning — 14, Maximum yiwterday — so. Sunrla* tomorrow — 7:00, Sunset today — 9:25, Mean temperature — Z7, Precipitation iMt M boun to 7 DM, — none. Precipitation J»n. 1 to 4at« — 1,M, Thil D.U LMt TMT Maximum yesterday — 4t, Minimum thi* moraine — 2t, Precipitation Janu*ry 1 to 4410 -•>

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