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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMTNANI NEWSPAPER Of NOBTHEAS1 ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 256 Blythovllto Courier BlythevlU* Dally Newi Mississippi Valley leader BlytbevlUt Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JANUARY 25, 1955 TWELVE PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS MINISTERS RELAX — Early arrivals In Blytheville for the three-day state ministers' institute at the First Christian Church here relax in the church's lounge. The early arrivals are (left ,to right) the Rev. Edmond Pendleton of Hope; the Rev. James W. Rainwater, pastor of Blythevllle's First Christian Church; Ira D. Crewdsqn of Little, Rock, executive secretary of the Arkansas Christian Missionary Society, and Mrs. Herbert Dudley of Hot Springs, vice president of the Minister's Wives Association. The Institute opened last night. (Courier News Photo) City Bond Issues for Manila, Leachville Key to Natural Gas At a public meeting in Manila last night, Arkansas-Missouri Power Co., unfolded plans for'bringing natural gas into Monette, Leachville, Manila and Dell. The plan calls for issuing municipal revenue bonds to defray costs of laying transmission and distribution lines. — • — * However, it was emphasized at Summerfield Requests Postal Kate Increases WASHINGTON (AP) — Postmaster General Summerfield has asked Congress to raise Hie price of mailing a letter from 3 to 4 cents "to meet increased costs; to provide facilities for growing mail volume; to improve service." For the same reason, Summer- crcnse from 6 lo 7 cents for the field yesterday called for a boost in domestic air mail from 6 to 7 cents and second and third-class mail rates. In all, the rate Increases would yield more than 332 million dollars a year. Of this, the 1-cent increase in the cost of a letter stamp would account for 237 millions. The letter rate would be raised only on the first ounce, remaining at 3 cents for each additional ounce. Pay Revision Asked Summerfield coupled his bid for higher rates with a proposal to raise the pay of about 500,000 letter carriers, clerks and other postal workers by 5 per cent. At the same time, he suggested a revision of salary schedules which he said now result in "injustices' and prevent the Post Office Department "from paying employes what they are worth." He estimated these increases and adjustments would cost 129 million dollars a year. Counting certain fringe benefits, this would mount to at least 170 millions year ,the Post Office Department said. Last year Congress went along with President Eisenhower on postal pay raise but ignored his companion proposal for higher mail charges designed to bring in compensating revenue. Eisenhow er then vetoed the pay raise bill. Renewed Bid Earlier this month, Eisenhower renewed his bid for higher postal salaries and rates. Summer-field's bills spell out the administration's general proposals In detail. The Post Office Department said in a statement that "despite recent economies and greater efficiency," it now operates at a loss of between 300 million and 400 million dollars a year. Summerfield estimated an in- first ounce on air mall letters would bring in an additional 14 million dollars a year. He also asked an increase of 15 per cent on second-class mail (mostly newspapers arid magazines) for two successive years, adding 8 1 /] million annually, and 28 per cent on third-class mail (advertising matter and small merchandise packages), adding 73 McClellan Offers Bill on Federal Aid fo Schools WASHINGTON Ifl — Sen. John McClellnn of Arkansns has introduced In Congress a bill which would authorize unlimited federal aid for public school construction. McClellnn's measure, similar to one he unsuccessfully Introduced last year, would Invest In Congress continuing authority to vote school aid funds. The bill also was sponsored by 23 other senators. Prohibiting federal contributions to operating expenses would limit "ar:y supervision or control over the affairs of the schools by the federal government," McClellan said. Unofficial City Council Session City Council will meet tonight with Pire Chief Roy Head to study problems in connection with affording Blytheville more flrc protection. Mayor E. R. Jackson pointed out that the Council Actually won't be In Msslon. He said, however, interested persona may attend, The meeting is due to begin at • o'clock to Citr Hatt, , Tick Vickery Protests On Sprouts Writ CARUTHERSVILLE — The petition of James A. Sprouts to be released from the Missouri prison at Jefferson City has been protested by Pemiscot County Prosecuting Attorney James A. (Tick) Vlck- rey, according to Mr. Vickrey. Sprouts originally pleaded guilty to a charge of second degree murder and has already served four years of his term, Mr. Vickrey said. An attorney for Sprouts filed a petition In Circuit Court asking for a writ of habeas corpus which would discharge him from prison and the previous prosecuting attorney, Elmer Peal, filed a reply agreeing to submit the case to the court, Mr. Vickrey stated. Mr. Vickrey also said that after he became prosecuting attorney on January 1, he withdrew Mr. Peal's answer and filed n reply that protests Sprouts' request to be released. Sprouts' request claims there were several Irregularities in his trial. last night's meeting, when these towns were represented, that Ark- Mo will be guaranteeing payment of the bonds and that the issues won't be reflected by any tax in-l crease. • I ~ Voting date for Manila is Feb. l.j • Leachville votes one week later. I Under the plan, the cities will t sell the bonds and advertise for i ,_ contracts calling for construction i S of a gas transmission system extending from five 'miles west of Blytheville to Monette, with a lateral to Leachville. No Taxes In addition, the cpntracts would call for distribution systems in each town. These systems would be leased by the power company for 20 years. The lease agreement would contain an option to buy and would be non-cnncelable. In no event, it was pointed out last night, could a tax be levied in any city involved if there should be a default in payment of principal or interest on the bonds, Revenue from operation of the gas system would provide for retirement of the bond issues, it was brought out. Ark-Mo is not sponsoring these bond elections. Jack Cuadra, Ark- Mo's gas engineer who was present for the session, told thn group. Cooperation Assured However, he assured the cities of Ark-Mo's cooperation in planning and supervising construction and said the company will lease the systems after their completion. In addition, the systems ;ire to be subjecte to normal taxation and Ark-Mo is to pay each city a franchise tax. Rates, which must have final approval of the Arkansas Public Service Commission, probably will be the same as for Blytheville. Osceola, Luxora >and other towns now served by Ark-Mo, Mr. dra advised. In any event, he said, that will be the company's recommendation, subject to PSC approval. On hand for the session were Manila Mayor A. A. Tipton; Dell's Mayor J. C. Dobbs, Recorder J. T. Tate and Alderman Glen Cook; Leachville's Mayor Fred Alexander and Alderman John Bearden, Jr., Johnny Bearden and J. w. ~'lark, and Oscar Fendler of Blytheville, Manila and Dell legal representatives. The meeting was under sponsorship of the Manila Lions Club. L. G. Gammill presided. Inside Today's Courier Hews , . . Chicks Meet Greemvay in Paragould Tournament Tonight . . . Paps Whip Alexander for Third Straight . . . Sports . . . pages 8 and 9 ... . . . Your Income Tax — 7 More Tax-Free Expenses This .Year . . . page 2 ... . . . Communists Misjudge- ments . . . Editorials . . . page 6 ... . . . Countless Factors Determine Success or Failure In Stock Market . . . News of Men in the I Service . . . page 12 ... Bill Would Deny Dry Counties Liquor Cut LITTLE ROCK (AP) _ A bill to deprive dry counties of any part of proceeds derived from liquor taxation was introduced in the House today. Tremors Felt Along Fault But They Apparently Were Gentle In Blytheville Area Earth tremors were felt all up and down the "New Madrid Fault' last ni'tht, hut no damage was reported in this area and evidently few persons were even aroused from their sleep. Night desk Sergeant June Smith of the City Police Department noted at 1:24 a.m. that tremors were felt | here. Reports from other Northeast Arkansas points indicated the quake lasted eight minutes and longer. Aaain no riamape was reported. Officers said reports of the early morning- quake came from Blytheville and Osceola in Mississippi County; Lepanto and Marked Tree, Polnsett 'County; Wynne, Cross County; and Paragould in Greene County. Dyersburg. Tenn. and Caruthersville, Sikeston, Poplar Bluff and other Missouri points also reported the- tremor. Observers noted that it was the second such disturbance in little over a year along: the historic New Madrid Fault which was formed by a series of violent earth quakes in 1812-13. 250 Miles Lonff The New Madrid Fault is an area of sunken ground, forming a valley about 250 miles in 'length from New Madrid," Mo., to Helena, Ark., west of the Mississippi River. East of the river, in Tennessee, the valley extends about 50 miles. A lasting mark of the year-long period of quakes is Reelfoot Lake near Dyersburg, Tenn., which was formed by the earth change. Jonesboro, situated on Crowley Ridge on the Fault's western perimeter, reported today's tremor was not felt there. Crowley Ridge, up by the ground which sunk during the 1812 transformation, forms the western edge of' the bowl-like Fault. Some residents at Hayti, Mo., said the tremor rattled their windows. The bill, prepared by Rep. W. H. Thompson of Poinsett County, would provide that the state treasurer compute the total of all alcoholic beverage fees and penalties for each revenue year. He would then calculate the per- ccntage that such taxes bear to the total of all general revenue collections, to which these levies go. Thereafter, in remittances to dry counties this percentage ratio would be deducted from the total that these counties otherwise would get. This would affect allotments from this county aid fund, the municipal nid fund and the public school fund which go to the counties, municipalities and school districts" from general revenues. The bill would provide that a violntion by the treasurer would subject him to removal from of' 'ice. The bill bears nn emergency olauM which would make it effec- tive immediately on passage by both house and approval by Gov, Faubus. The treasurer's computations would be made on or before July 1 of each year. Yesterday, Rep. WInfrcd Lake of Sevier County introduced a bill which would require that local option liquor elections be held only on the dates of the regular biennial general elections, Now, local option elections may be set at nny time. Ik* Defers Messages WASHINGTON Wl — President Elsenhower has deferred sending to Congress special messages dealing with health and highway pro- grama until Congress has completed action on a resolution affirming support of the Formosa poiicr. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS — Fair this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday; slightly warmer on Wednesday afternoon. Moderate temperatures Thursday. High expected this afternoon in 50s. Lowest tonight in 20s. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy with snow flurries northeast, generally fair south and west tills afternoon and tonight: little change In temperature today and tonight. Minimum this morning—28. Maximum yesterday—53. Sunrlno tomorrow—7 ;02. Sunset to(lny—5:22. Menn tempera tine—10.5. Precipitation Inat 24 hours lo 7 n m —none, Precipitation Jnn. 1 to dfltn—1.16. This Date Lmt Year Maximum yostfirclay—52. Mlnlnr'm •'• moinl )'!—:t3, PrccluUaUuu Jiimmry 1 to date — T.JA. Speedy, Overwhelming Okay of Ike s Plan Seen Issue of Peace in China Now Up to Communists By FRED HAMPSON HONG KONG (AP) — Now it's up to the Communists. That is the reaction here to President Eisenhower's declaration yesterday that the United States will fight, if necessary, to protect Formosa. Many China observers think the solution lies in the speech itself — ''They (the Red Chinese) created the situation . . . They can end it if they so desire." Will the Peiping radio beyin to soft-pedal the "liberate Formosa" theme? So far it hasn't, but the propaganda line sometimes changes slowly and it may take a few days to tell. The Reds started the ball rolling with their strike at Yikiangshan They probably planned to sit still awhile, as they did after their attack last autumn on Quemoy, and then hit somewhere else. Gauntlet Flung But now the gauntlet has been flung. Any more aggressive moves will be met by force. The Chinese Communists must risk a major war or back down. If they decide after their huddles in the imperial city to back down, the first indication should be a lighter tone on Radio Peiping. t Will they back down? The Chinese Reds had nothing to win in Korea in 1950. But they went to war there and, despite their boasts and victory claims, they will be years recovering from it. Now they are again up against the proposition of getting into another war against a major power. They are unprepared. The prize is not worth the cost nor the risk and there is no need for it. The Reds in Asia are doing very well at the waiting game. With their infiltration and conspiracy, they are making many more gains out of "peaceful coexistence" than their enemies are. So why risk war? There doesn't seem to be any good reason, but that doesn't mean they won't risk it. Little Chance fnr Victory If war does come, if it stays localized and unless Russia comes massively to China's aid, it is hard to see any chance for a Peiping victory. China is wide open to air attack. Even lumbering old leaflet-dropping transports from Formosa have flo\v,n for eiqht hour,? over China without interception. Real striking forces of land and carrier-based planes could easily chop up railroads, airfields and similar areas. China has a fair-sized, half- trained air force left over from Korea, .and for a while in certain areas she would make a fight of it. But the land is too big. the targets too numerous and too open to defend. You get the feeling here tht the Yalu River immunity China got in Korea gave the Reds an exaggerated idea of their aerial strength. Even in that narrow corridor with bases immune, China could not stop the bombers. Peiping didn't by the way. get a single plane over Quemoy last September and October. She has rAit as many as 100 ,t a time over the Tachns lately. but th fields they come from would not last long under a carrier attack. Further south, China seems to have no military air strength at all. Risk Great Red China's strength lies in her land armies. They might attack in Korea again and frustration might send them aga.nst such places as Hong Kong and Macao—respectively British and Portuguese possessions—but that would serve only to Intensify the aerial pummeling and nevitable blockade. If Russia did not come to her aid by sending massive air and naval strength or by starting a global war on her behalf, China would take a shel- lacking that might speedily spell the finish for communism in Asia. Will Peiping pull back from such a risk? Don't forget the men ruling m Peiping know very little about the outside world and how to judge its reaction. Even Premier Chou En- lai, the most traveled of all of them, doesn't know much, and there is no doubt here that Chou wields very much power. All in all, it looks as though Peiping is on the abyss again and must back down or fight. She may make a few face-saving propaganda twists and turns, but basically something has got to give. FORMOSA DEFENSE LINE — Map above shows vital island groups held by Chinese Nationalists in the Formosa Strait. Only Formosa and the Pescadores were listed by President Eisenhower yesterday in his message to Congress, though passage of resolutions in Congress would mer.n authority to defend other underlined areas. (AP Wirephoto Map) 7th Fleet Stands Alert Against Any Red Move ABOARD THE CARRIER YORKTOWN, With the U. S. 7th Fleet (AP) — American ships and planes of the U. S. 7th Fleet stand guard today in the troubled Formosa Straits, alert against any attempt by the Chinese Reds to make good their propaganda boast that they will "liberate" Formosa. "The part played by the men of the Navy's air arm is best told in the story of one flight made before dawn from the deck of this fast carrier. . , With the bow of the Yorktown turned into the brisk wind, Lt. Charles A. Luff, 28-year-old Korean War veteran, unfolds the wings of Panther jet No. 407 as he taxis it into position at the port catapult, Three other Panthers already have taken off and the engines of 13 still on the deck rise in a deafening roar. Deckmen lock No. 407 onto the catapult and scramble away. Luff checks his con- controls. Aviation Engineer 3. C. Vincent Candela, 21, of Detroit, watches as Luff waggles the rudder, raises and lowers the flaps and checks the air brakes. All set. I Candela gives the thumbs - up ! signal. The whine of the Panther's engine rises to a scream. The catapult thuds. No. 407 is a blur of blue racing down the deck and into the air. It climbs and, wheels toward nearby islands, only a few seconds behind Its three sister ships. The remaining 12 will be in the air in a few minutes. Already another is set on the starboard catapult. In it is Lt. Leo Coors, of Lockhart, Tex., a Navy pilot who flew off jeep carriers in the Atlantic during World War II. Prediction Follows Conference WASHINGTON (AP) — Republican congressional leaders today predicted speedy and j overwhelming approval o f I President Eisenhower's program for defense of Formosa. They said, after a White House session, that the Chinese Communists might interpret as a "show of weakness" any delay on a resolution giving the President advance approval to make war if he regards that step as necessary to keep the Chinese Nationalist stronghold free. Senate Republican Leader Knowland of California and House OOP Chief Martin of Massachusetts talked with newsmen about the situation after their regular weekly meeting with the President. Strong Vote Predicted Martin predicted the House later in the day would vote "very, very overwhelming" approval of Eisenhower's request that Congress declare "our readiness to fight" to keep Formosa and the adjacent Pescadores Islands from falling to the Reds. Knowland said he looks for the Senate to vote overwhelming approval of the administration resolution by Thursday at the latest. Martin said that so far he has encountered no House member who intends to vote against the resolution, but he added that it would be "curious" if there were not a few negative votes among so many members. Asked whether he had detected any note of concern among house members about voting to declare "our readiness to fight" for Formosa, Martin replied: No Alternative "Everybody is concerned about the Asiatic situation, but they have come to the conclusion that there is no other alternative for America." Widespread backing, coupled with a few reservations, was voiced immediately after the President, in a special message yesterday, asked Congress to pass a resolution expressing a "readiness to fight" in defense of Formosa, seat of the Chinese Nationalist government. j and the approaches to it. The President said his aim was to assure peace by seeking to dissuade the Chinese Reds from attacking. The House Foreign Affairs Committee swiftly endorsed the resolution last night 28-0 after a secret briefing by Secretary of State Dulles and Adm. Arthur W. Rad- forri. chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Might Mean War Dulles and Radford also appeared at a briefing for senators, and Sen. Morse Und-Ore) commented afterward that the authority the President sought "could very well mean war." Sen. George <D-Ga) quoted Dulles as saying "our entire position in the western Pacific" is at stake in Chinese Communist threats to conquer Formosa. George said it was hfs own opinion that passage of the resolution win not lead to a general war. House members said they were told the resolution was broad enough to cover bombing the Chinese mainland or defending islands off its coast, if the President determines r.uch r.ction is necessary to hold Formosa snd ths Pescadores. Chairman Richards (D-SC) of the House Committee predicted the House would complete action on the measure today. He said he heard no opposition. Some Democrats said, however, See CONGRESS on page 5 * * * U S War Risk at Highest Point Since '53 By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON (AP) — The United Slates faces today greater risk of war with Red nina than at any time since .he Korean ,War ended 18 months ago. President Eisenhower and Secre- ary of State Dulles are convinced .hat taking this risk, however, af- :ords the beat long-range hope for peace In the Far East. It can.be stated on excellent authority that both believe strongly In the probability of peace. In his message to Congress ycs- :erday,. Elsenhower put. the Issue squarely up to Red China: If the Reds start an attack aimed at conquering Formosa, the United itr.'.cs Is IT: :-cd to flshl; If rmd when the Rcdi aw ready (or peace, the United States is prepared to make peace. Tlie decisioas which underlay this policy are decisions of a kind that the administration In the past has avoided, apparently in. hope that the Reds would not press the issue to a showdown. Focus of Problem Several events this month focused the problem of Formosa, the Chinese Nationalist seat of government, so sharply that administration leaders . decided a more clearly defined policy was needed. Among them: 1. Leaders In the new Democratic-controlled ConiircKS wanted to know the full extent of firm and potential American commitments in the area, 2. The Communists engaged In a steady bui ! tlup of forcofi oppo- •Me Formosa and Paiplng k*pt rt- | peating her Intent to conquer the island. 3. The Reds displayed effective striking power in capturing last week the small Nationalist - held Island of Yikiangshan. 4. Chiang Kai-shek appealed for U.S. help when the Reds stepped up attacks on the Tachen Islands, near Yikiangshan but more Important than it. The Tachens, 200 miles north of Formosa, are close to the Communist mainland. Grave Risk The expression of support which the President requested from Congress yesterday would permit the close-in use of American ships and planes to remove troops from the Tachens and other island* so that they could be regrouped to bolster Formosa's defenses. Such opera tlons carry a grave risk of In- voivMumt wMfa OaanwaM ers and shore-based artillery fire. What Elsenhower asked would go beyond mere redeployment, ment, however, In cases where the President decided It was necessary to hold some of the offshora islands to defend Formosa properly. The President djd not draw a precise line. But decision* already made IT the National Security Council are more precise than anything the President said publicly. Furthermore, t h • President would have Congress' advan/:* Approval to order striken directly at Communist concentrations on th* Red China mainland. In th« all- Uioriiation, at l#t«t, there would be no privileged sanctuary for ttw Reds such »s existed throughout the Korean War north of Uw YalM MVOT.