The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 24, 1955 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Monday, January 24, 1955
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THB DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 255 Blythevllle Courier Blythevllle Dally Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevtlte Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, JANUARY 24, 1955 TEN PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS $50 Pension Not Possible -Faubus State Just Doesn't Have Money, He Says LITTLE ROCK (AP)—There is no chance for old people on Arkansas' welfare rolls to get a minimum monthly grant of $50 from the state, Gov. Orval Faubus said today. "I'd be happy to see the old folks get $50 a month, but We just don't have the money," Faubus told his news conference. The governor had been asked to comment on a bill before the House to set an arbitrary minimum monthly payment in old age grants at S50. Paubus said he already had discussed the bill with Welfare Commissioner A. J. Moss, and that the measure would require an additional five or six million dollars a year for welfare purposes. Too Much Money "There are some people on the rolls now who draw $50 or more a month," said Faubus. "But to give that sort of assistance to every welfare recipient would require just too much money." The governor said, he could see no possibility of obtaining that much additional funds for welfare work at the present time. Faubus said repeal of the /'relative responsibility law" governing welfare grants will not mean an arbitrary Increase in the number of people obtaining state aid. The relative responsibility law forces relatives of destitute people to contribute toward their support. It was designed to reduce the amount of welfare grants and the number of people on the state welfare rolls. Passed by House A bill to repeal the law already has been passed by the House with Faubus' approval. "The repeal bill means that there can be an increase in the rolls if the money becomes available, but welfare department regulations can prevent any additions to the rolls if there is no extra money," Faubus said. In remarks made after the broadcast, Faubus indicated that he would sign a bill to equalize property tax assessments if such a bill were passed by the Legislature. "If the Legislature would lay n bill on my desk giving me power to equalize assessments, I'd do it even if it meant I only served two years, he said. The governor indicated that he thought that the assessment problem could be solved by enforcing present law — if the proper authority were given to do so. Dampened Paris Gets Hope as Seine Falls PARIS (AP) — The swollen Seine, which flooded Paris cellars over/ the weekend in its highest rise in 31 years, began to fall today. The slight drop brought hope to nervous thousands in low lying suburbs who had feared more water. The mud-yellow river, which had been fed by melting Alpine snows, dropped a little more than an inch during the night. Experts had predicted the river, which flows in a crooked "s" through Paris, would crest today at a point just short of the 24-foot level reached 31 years ago in a far more serious flood. On the outskirts of the capital, thousands of acres of lowland farms and factory suburbs were still under water. Experts predicted it would be several days before the water recedes. In eastern Prance, the Moselle Kiver was still rising, partly flood- Ing about 100 towns and villages The Garonne In southwest Franci was also rising, inundating areas near Toulouse, one of France's leading industrial centers. Despite six days of rising waters in the capftal area, police have not reported any flood deaths Evacuations, which number in the thousands, have been slow and orderly. Most householders had ample time to move their belongings to higher ground. The center of Paris was in little danger, but some of its suburbs were under nearly two feet of water. An estimated 50,000 workers were kept away from their jobs by flooded factories or inundated roads. Throughout the Paris basin liighways were cut off by the high water. Several historic bridges across the Seine were closed as a precaution in fear the surging watery iiad weakened their foundations. The basement of the famed cathedral of Notre Darne, located on an island In the Seine, was flooded but the old church was safe. Christian Pastors Open Meet Here A three-day ministers' institute of the Christian Churches of Arkansas opened at First Christian Church here this afternoon with Disciples of Christ ministers from all sections Governor Approves Wider Tax LITTLE ROCK Wl — Gov. Orval Faubus says he sees no reason why the state's two per cent sales shouldn't be applied to the services of doctors and lawyers. ( "They are making more money than anybody else in Arkansas." Faubus answered questions [rom three newsmen yesterday on television station KATV's Week-end Press Conference. Faubus said he favored broadening: the application of the two per cent sales tax rather than raising the rate. Not Convinced The governor said be doesn't think the state should engage in any business when he was questioned about his views on the possibility of the state taking over liquor sales. In answers to other questions, Faubus said he hadn't been entirely convinced that public schools need the 12'/£ million dollars Additional money they are asking. He said he believes the schools' financial problem could be solved through a reform of assessment practices on a local level within existing laws, Faubus also said he would sign a bill exempting seed, feed and fertilizer from sales taxes, but that he plans no all out fight for passage o such a bill in the Legislature. Newmen taking part in the TV program were Marcus George of the Arkansas Democrat, Sam G. Harris of the Arkansas Gazette and , KATV's Bill Hadley. of the state attending. Registration of visiting ministers and their wives began at 4:30 p.m. today with the first session scheduled for 7:30 p.m. tonight. Principal speakers during the institute will be Dr. Perry E. Gresham, president of Bethany College, Bethany, W. Va., and Dr. S. Marion Smith, professor of the New Testament at Butler University, Indianapolis, Ind. Dr. Gresham, educator, philosopher, author and preacher, will speak at Tuesday night's session and again Wednesday night. A world traveler, he has written several books on his travels, the most recent being "Disciplines of the High Calling" which was published last year. He is a former professor of philosophy at Texas Christian University and has served pastorates at leading Disciples of Christ Churches In Ft. Worth, Tex., Seattle, Wash., and Detroit. For six summers he has served as pastor at Old Renfield Church of Scotland in Glasgow. Dr. Smith is scheduled to speak at tonight's opening session and at the minister's banquet which will be held Wednesday night in Hotel Noble. Afternoon sessions of the institute will be restricted to ministers only but nightly sessions will be open Dr. Gresham to the public. Officers of the institute will be the Rev. Bernard E. Burry. of Paris, Ark., president; the Rev. James W. Rainwater, pastor of the Blytheville church, vice president; and the Rev. James A. Fralley of North Little Rock, secretary. Ike Asks Authority to Use U.S. Forces In Far East If Necessary; Fleet Ready Adm. Pride Says Group Ready to Ad Southern States Hit By Snow, Frost, Cold By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Bleak frigid weather brought snow and hard frost into the deep South during the weekend and left a dismal aftertaste of cold rain in the Southeast today. The snow, reaching; heavy pro portions in some Gulf State areas provided rare opportunities fo making snowmen or pitching snow balls. A hard freeze gripped Texas' Rii Grand Valley fruit and vegctabli growing area early today, with some damage feared among the tender est of midwinter vegetable such a- lettuce and tomatoes. Southern Florida's subtropica wintering areaa escaped the chill Farther north, however, Jackson ville received 1.48 inches of ruin Savannah, Ga., reported 1.4- merit's, and Charleston, S.C., 1.20 inches. Near and slightly below freezing IfimptTft Lures were reported oye: t he southern portion of Texas where San Antonio's early morning minimum was 28 degrees, Laredo had 32, Corpus Christ! 33 and Brownsville 36. Upstate New York shoveled ou from under a heavy fall thai ranged up to 10 inches. Light snow was falling in Caribou, Maine, which had 39 inches on the ground, and in the western Great Lakes, Norhtcrn Plains and eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains. Snow was general along a 200- mile stretch of the Gulf Coast. A weather observer estimated the fall TB Committee Meets Thursday MlM Alice Porter, of the case finding division of the national Tuberculosis Anoclatlon, will be speaker Thursday night when the executive committee of the county TB association meets at Hotel Noble at 6:30. ' Invited to the meeting, according to Uie Rev. E. H. Hall, chapter president, are county hospital board members, county officials and members of trw routine x-ray com- mitto*. Court Reporter Bill Approved LITTLE ROCK tfl — Both houses have passed and sent to Qov. Faubus Senate Bill 48 to increase salaries of 12th Chancery District court reporters from $4,200 to $4.800 a year. District Is composed of Craighead, Clay, Crlttcnden, Greene, Mississippi and Poinsett Counties. Jets Patrol Okinawa OKINAWA W) — American Air Force Sabrcjcts are patrolling the skies In force over this strnleglc island base only 400 miles from the troubled Tachen Islands. The Jets have been out In record strength dally since the. Hods successfully attacked tiny Ylklnngshan Island near th« Tachens a week ago. at Mobile, Ala., at 3 to 4 inches — second heaviest in 55 years. DWI Charges Bring $100 Fines Andy Terry and Roy Black were each fined SI00 and costs and sentenced to 24 hours in jail in Municipal Court this morning on charges of driving while under the influence of liquor. In other action, Lester Cannon and Richard Rose each forfeited bonds of $19.75 on charges of speeding and Arlen Thomas forfeited a $10 bond on a similar charge. Hearing for Will Torrnnt on a charge of petit larceny wns continued until Wednesday with bone set at $50. W. C. Ernest forfeited n $19.75 bond on a charge of operating n motor vehicle without a driver's license and James Bevill forfeited a S5 bond on a charge of failing to stop at a traffic light. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday colder tonight; aosslbly a few snow flurries tonight; Wednesday partly cloudy, turning colder Wednesday night; ilfih this afternoon near 40; lowest .onlght in mid 20's. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy this afternoon and tonight with snow lurries northeast; windy and cold his afternoon dimlshing winds ml colder tonight; much colder lorthcast and east-central. Minimum Sumlny—2<l. Maximum Snturdny—-in. Minimum this monilni;—-20, Maximum yesterday—-i2. Sunrise tomorrow—7:03. Sunset lodny—5:21. Mean tcmperfilnre—35.5, Precipitation lust 48 hours lo 7 n.m. •—none. Precipitation Jnn. 1 to dftto—1,16, This Date Last Year Maximum ypBterrtny~37. Minimum this morning—26. Precipitation Jninmry 1 to (Into — TAIPEH, Formosa {AP) — Vice Adm. Alfred M. Pride commander of the "standing at the ready" U. S. 7th Fleet, said today President Eisen- lower was consulting Congress regarding the use of the "leet in the Tachens because 'it would be a very grave move." During a news conference aboard his flagship, the Cruiser Helena, 'ride was asked many questions tbout the beleaguered Nationalist- held Tachens. In reply to the specific question: Why do you think that President Eisenhower has to go to Congress 'o order the 7th Fleet to assist n the evacuation of the Ta- hens?" he commented: "It would be a very grave move and a change in national policy and I suppose that in a democ- acy this is the proper thing to lo." Fleet Ready The admiral said the fleet, if ailed upon, could cope with any iventuality. The Chinese Nationalist air force eported heavy losses were inflicted n Communist troops Sunday night n a raid on Yikiangshan by four- n g i n e d bombers. Yikiangshan. jght miles north of the Tachens ell to the Reds last week. It prob- .bly would be a springboard for ,ny asrault on the Tachens. Another communique reported Communist artillery on Toumen sland "blindly fired" on the Ta- hens 13 miles a \VF-y but all the hells "fell har^i-:sjy into the sea." Pride said the fleet, prepared for he evacuation and to protect other ffshcre islands, if so ordered, ludes four large carriers—the Es- Yorktown, Kearsarge and Vasp. Can't Reveal Plans "I am not free to say what we 'Ian to do. . . ," the admiral told news conference aboard his flag- hip, the cruiser Helena, at Kee- ong. "Quite naturally, the 7th deploys in the best way it an to fulfill its mission. 'We must necessarily keep breast of affairs in this part of the world—and the Tachen situation is very much in our mind." He said that, in addition to the carriers, the 7th Fleet "normally includes two to four cruisers. Pride said a fifth carrier, the Princeton, also was assigned to the fleet but "not on this beat." Reports of unfriendly subma-' rines in this region have been current the past year but were "pretty general and vague," Pride declared. He said the Communist air. sea and land attack on Yikiangshan, Nationalist outpost which fell to the Reds Thursday, was well ex- j ecuted but did not represen the Communists' maximum effort Asked what he thought abou Yikiangshan's fall, Pride com men ted: Any Expansion Serious 'Any expansion of the Communist perimeter is serious." The admiral said he didn't know whether the Communists would oppose evacuation of Nationalists ;rom the Tachens. "Only the Communists know, j said. He said the Nationalist navy would "most decidedly" assist in an evacuation of the Tachens, 200 miles north of Formosa. He said he had expected to sail from Keelung this morning but his orders had been changed and he would be there about two days longer. He said the 7th Fleet would be in a position to take the Nationalists off the Tachens "within a very few "days" of receiving orders from Washington, It has stood guard over Formosa since 1950. It now may be assigned the job of protecting certain strategic Nationalist islands off the Red China coast and possible evacuation of others like the Tachgns. Both steps are contingent upon orders from President Eisenhower, who is expected to ask Congress Sec DEFENSE on pape 3 HITTING A LONG, LONG TRAIL — Blytheville Country Club golf Professional Paul Farrington and his wife departed at 3 a. m. today for Brawley, Calif., where Mr. Farrington will begin competition with the nation's top golfers. He'll play in the 55,000 Brawley Open Thursday, taking a crack at the big league of golf on Feb. 3 when he enters the Phoenix Open, Feb. 10 at the Tucson Open and Feb. 17 at the Texas Open in San Antonio. All of the latter events carry 515,000 each in prize money. (Courier News Photo) Relatives of American Prisoners In China Ponder Reds Invitation By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Relatives of Americans jailed by Red China still were pondering today the tough question of whether to accept the Communists' invitation to make the long journey to visit the prisoners. At least one family had decided definitely to make the trip. The families were informed yesterday they can send weekly parcels of up to $50 valuation to the men. Formosa, Pescadores Are Named WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower today asked Congress for authority to use "the armed forces of the United States if necessary to assure the security of Formosa and the Pescadores" against Communist attack. In a special message, the President said that redeployment of Chinese Nationalist forces from other islands "would be impractical without the assistance of the armed forces of the United States." He said this is "because of the air situation." Must Remove Doubt He said the United States must be ready to help the Chinese Naj tionallsts redeploy their forces. Eisenhower added: "In the interest of peace . . . the United States must remove any doubt regarding our readiness to fight, if necessary, to preserve the final stake of the free' world in a free Formosa, and to engage In whatever operations may be required to carry out that'purpose." Eisenhower said the existing and developing situation around Formosa "poses a serious danger to the security of our country and of the entire Pacific area and indeed to the peace of the world." The chief executive then said the situation ' 'is one for appropriate action of the United Nations under its charter, for the purpose of ending present hostilities in that area." Welcomes UN Action The President said the United States "would welcome assumption of such jurisdiction" by the U.N. in an attempt to arrange a cease fire between the Chinese Na- ionalists and the attacking forces of Red China. 15 Killed in Train Wreck in England SUTTON GOLDFIELD, England /Pi — Rescue workers dug through the twisted wrecakcg of the York- to-Bristol Express today for more possible victims of the GO-milo-nn- ioiir derailment which killed at ,cnst 15 persons yesterday and injured 42. Police snid more bodies, believed to bo still in the piled-up debris of the train and the badly damaged Ooldfield Sulton station, might raise the death toll to 18. It wns Britain's first major rail crash since August 1953, A spokesman for Secretary of-fr- Commerce Sinclair Weeks announced hist night that parcels* have been going to some of "about 50" Americans held under house arrest in Peiping on charges of spying. There was no definite information, however, on how many have been allowed through the American embargo on exports to Red China. Permission was first granted to send the parcels la?t July, the spokesman ^aid, m care of the Chinese Red Cros? ;n Peipmc. They i" He declined to give any details, may contain food, toilet article.?.} Ah-o to be considered by the sub- civilian clothing and drugs in rios-! committee, which wa- headed b\ ape form. The parents of one prisoner indicated thry were more determined n ever 10 accept the Reds' oner to visit their son. Another cuuple said they still are not contemplating it. Date Set Mr. and Mrs. Harold Fischer Sr.. Declaring the actions the United States must be ready to undertake "are of various kinds," Eisenhower added: ' 'For example, we must ba ready to assist the Republic of China to redeploy and consolidate its forces if it should so desire. "Some of these forces are scattered throughout the smaller offshore islands as a result of historical rather than military reasons directly related to defending Formosa. . . _ -, "Because of the air situation in WASHINGTON (AP) —.Sen McClellan (D-Ark) called ! the area, withdrawals for the pur- McCiellan Takes Over Senate Committee the Senate Investigations subcommittee into session today to ; pose of organize.under his chairmanship and he said it may open up; Nationalist forces wouid be im cnmo n cw lines Of '"""'"• : practical without-assistance of tin redeployment of Chinese m- Premier Chou Sen. McCarthy iR—Wis' in the last Congre^?. i.i various "urn inched • business." In this category, Mc! Cieilnn s;iid, is the Armv's han- i clin.i; of the case of Irvine Peross. j the Nc-y York dentist who was i promoted to major and then hor.or- 7s Charges At U.S. Acts ' I , of Swea City, Iowa, set mid-Febru- j ary as the date they hope to leave I fU5eci for Peipins to see their snn dipt. Harold Fischer Jr.. a flier who was shot down in Korea in 1953. The elder Fischer, who raises pigs, said lie would take along* two purebred porkers and present them to the Chinese. re- seized The Fischers showed increased determination to make the trip after talking with Squadron Leader Andrew MacKenzie, of Montreal, Canada, former prisoner in Peiping now visiting the parents of fellow prisoners. He had just visited Mr and Mrs .Holland G. Cameron, of Lincoln, Neb., who s.tuck by then decision not to make the trip, "I .still think it would be the wrong thing to do at this time, 11 said the elder Cameron. The Peiping radio, meanwhile claimed the U. S.* government is "trying to prevent" relatives from visiting their captive sons. Broadcast heard in Tokyo charged that Washington had "raised all sorts of difficulties" in the way. of parents wishing to visit their sons. Some of the families have indicated that the cost of the trip is the main deterrent. The U. S. State Department has advised that, since it has no diplomatic relations with Red China, it cannot guarantee the safety of trip. any American making the Circuit Court Back in Session Civil division of Circuit Court reconvened here this morning with •he case of Carl E. Dealon vs. Mrs. 3ernlce Oilers, administratrix of H. H. Oilers estate, to be heard today. The suit seeks damages result- rig from a traffic accident on High- vay 77 near Manila Sept. 27 In vhlch Mr. Oilers was fatally injured. One of the principal purposes of today's meeting was to agree on a budget, which McCiellan expects to be .somewhat, less than $200.000. McCarthy got $214.000 for the subcommittee's work last year. McCiellan Enid the .subcommittee al.so may name a new chief counsel. Robert F. Kennedy, brother of Sen. John F, Kennedy (D—Mass), reportedly was.slated for the job. The post has been vacant since Roy M. Conn, one of the principles in the McCarthy-Army hearings, resigned last summer. armed forces of the United States. Quick Action Seen "Moreover, we must be .alert to any concentration or employment of Chinese forces obviously undertaken to facilitate attack upon Formosa, and be prepared to take appropriate military action." Coneress apparently was set to act quickly on the President's re- TOKYO. Tuesday '.-?• — Premier' quest. The Senate foreign relations Chou En-la i of Red China today ; committee called a meeting for accused the U fined States of step-S 2:30 p.m. to hear. Secretary of pine up "military operations to : State Dulles and consider a reso- s" since thejluuon in line with the President's Yikiar.Sshan I proposal. The most immediate threat by the Chinese Reds is to the Tachen •Islands, about 200 miles north of Formosa, which are reported to be held by 20,000 Chinese Nationalist regulars. Eisenhower's request would open the way for use of U. S. sea and air power to remove these troops from the islands. If Red planes attacked the U. S. some 200 miles north of Formosa, wa? seized by the Communists last week. Since then, the U. S. 7th Fleet, reinforced by three aircraft car- riors, has moved up to the waters; force£) that could lead to an tmme- near Yikiancshan ready to help diate clash of arms wit h the Corn- evacuate the Tachen Islands if i ordered. Ike Delays Message WASHINGTON UP) ~ President Eisenhower has delayed at least until tomorrow the sending to Congress of a. special message dealing ivith the nation's health. munists. ' Even before Eisenhower's mes- saze, Vice Adm. Alfred M. Pride, commander of the 7th Fleet, told a news conference in Taipeh, Formosa, that the President would ask Congress for approval to use the fleet in the Tachens. See IKE on page 3 UN Considers Taking Action UNITED NATIONS, ft. Y. (AP) — New Zealand Prime Minister Sidney Holland and U. N. Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold were slated to discuss the Formosa Strait fighting here today. Indications grew, meanwhile, that the U. N. Security Council might meet soon to consider a possible cease-fire request. The organ of the Chinese Communist party, the Pciptng People's Daily, in effect rejected any U.N intervention in Formosa, however. As quoted by n Peiping radio broadcast today, the paper said, 'To liberate Taiwan (Forrn'osa) and the Pcnghu (Pescadores) Is- .nnds is entirely China's domestic affair." In London the pro-Labor Sunday Pictorial, without giving the source of its information, said British Foreign Secretary Sir Anthony Eden had a plan to make Formosa an independent state under U. N. trusteeship, with Chiang Kai-shek's government "remaining as a sort of custodian for the U.N." Associated Press Correspondent Richard Kasischke reported from Moscow that many Russians apparently are frightened that the Formosan question may blow up into n new world war, beginning with a clash between the United States and Red China. The New Zealand Prime Minister, en route to the Commonwealth premiers' conference In London, arrived In New York from Washington yesterday with Sir Leg- lie Knox Munro, New Zealand's ambassador to the United States and the Security Council president for January. Munro conerred last week with British U. N, Delegate Sir Flenson Dixon and U. S. Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. on a cease-fire move. He declined last night to confirm speculation that he intended to summon the council Into §ea- sion within the next few days. Highly qualified sources, however, said such a meeting was likely after preliminary conferences this week. President Eisenhower said last week he would welcome * cease-fire move by th« U. N, The Peiping broadcast said a U. N. cease-fire request would "in effect mean asking the ChineM people to recognize the 'legality' of the United States occupation o* Chinese territory, Taiwan." It asserted that the only way to case tension In the area wan to withdraw the U. fl, 7th Floet from Formosa 1 * waU»,

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