THE PESTS OF INDIA. An Initmnco. of InsectB That Bonder the Lives of Europe ana Miserable. Rodent! That Browi* Opon One'« H»lr mud Reptile* That Are Nameroo* and HocUble—An Cnde.lrable Place to Live. "Along- with the in tense heat," says a returned East India traveler to a New York Sun man, "therego many varii-ties Of noxious insects. The nio.sriuitoi.-s swarm the year round. l-Jvt-ry bed is covered with a teat of mosquito netting, and it is the business of your boy. after having made tho bed in the- morning, to siraru out all liiw'ing tri<W[ui- tOL-.sund, lli'.-n driiw the jf:ui/.u curtains! clow: and tuck them under tin: mattress. On g'iin;r to bci! you mako a little holt: in tin; t'.'iit, get in quickly and draw it light again. HoiiM' llii's :iro a constant imiwiticc', and there are great flying i;orki'o;irlK-s, two inches long, which sometimes bite, and at certain seasons h-av.; their great wind's lying about the h'nise. They eat one's patent leather shoes. Flying ants, great Muck creatures, come in swarms ami iilso leave their v/mgs over everything. The centipede, an inch and :i half long, and more venomous than that, of t.liis country, gets into the house and often crawls upon the sleeper. So long as one keeps still ihere isno Uanger, but the creature, if Due moves, is likely to dig his claws into the llesli and make an unpleasant sore. Scorpions abound. They come out of old woodwork, and you find them in books that have, long lain unused. Their bitu is poisonous, anil sometimes l'a!al. "Along wil.!i the inserts come the serpents. The cobra is the most dangerous, it seldom comes into tho hous«.s for some reason, though my small sister slept ur.<m a pile of mats under whieh u sleeping cobra, was afterward found. The e>>!jra, however, comes into the compound and often bites the, natives. Kuropeans are seldom bitten by the cobra or other snakes, because the European goes about in boots that give the sei-pent notice of his coming, and also pcrnaps protect him from tho bite. As a mutter of fact serpents commonly met in India do not voluntarily go after hnman prey, but are probably more afraid of man than man of them, A barefooted native, treading noiselessly, gives the serpent no notice of his approach, and may unconsciously step upon him, and then the creature bites in self-defense. I knew a native gardoncr to bo bitten •by n cobra. He filled himself with •whisky and walked to keep himself awake. An Englishman whom I knew was bitten by a cobra, and his friends promptly applied tho same remedies. They wfilkcd him all night against his drowsy protests and his earnest prayer that he bo permitted to sleep. His life was saved, but he never really recovered from tho shock, though ho lived •many years after. The bracelet snako Is a familiar and venomous little wretch that takes pleasure in coiling up iu one's boot during tho night or in getting into the holes of one's garments. Ono HOOD loams to shako one's boots boforo putting them on. Tho natives have a curious aversion to killing •nakcs, and they have ft superstition, •bared by some Europeans, that if a cobra bo slain Its mate will come, to avenge the act. Of course, there is no foundation for it, save perhaps that a widowed cobra comes in search of her ruato and incidentally meets the slayer. "Rnta abound in India and get into houses and swarm aboard a ship. One great Indian rat, tho bandicoot,'with a snout liko a pig, visits one's bed at night and chews tho ends of one's hair. I knew a red-headed fellow on board ship who vised to grease his hair with oil or boar's grease. He was visited one night by a bandicoot, and came upon deck next morning with the oddest evidence of tho bandicoot's borbering. The muskrat swarms in India, gets into the houses as all sorts of wild creatures do, since the doors fire merely unclosed openings. His smell is something tremendous, and when he merely crosses the cork of a soda water bottle he •eetns to scent tho contents. "Tho bite of an insect; even though slight, or a small sore of any kind that would soon heal In a temperate climate, may hang on for days or weeks In the heat of India, and a slight illness greatly weakens one. Europeans luckily seldom take the native diseases and, though cholera is constantly present in India, it is only in cases of peculiarly widespread epidemics that it reaches the European population. There Is no yellow fever there, but smallpox ravages the natives. It, is amazing to see how many natives are pockmarked. The natives have small faith in European doctors, but they always take the European cholera mixture. 0: course no European submits himself to a native doctor. Abscess of the liver is the great terror of tho European though the land breeze comes laden with all sorts of horrible possibilities "The change of climate as one goes from the coast into the mountains is like magic. On the journey up from Bombay to Materan one starts with a pocketful of Indian cigars, ta-iehinopo- lis. cheap long rolls of tobacco with a straw through them that .they raaj draw. This is because they are ex- tremeb> wet, but when oue reaches JIatera:! he finds, bis trichini.opolis .as dry as :i punk. The-thin-atmosphert of'the heights has sucked them dry of nil their moisture." of the Tbougbtfnlnr" Alexander. The lat« czar of Russia may have pur- gned a mistaken and somewhat cruel government policy, but in his domestic •elations he was all thoughtfulness and affection, says a foreign exchange. T * THE CZAR'S LAST GIFT. It „ told that" last summer the czar and empress visited a great shop in St. Petersburg to buy jewels for their son's Juture bride. The empress greatly admired a beautiful bracelet, and told the czar that she wished to possess it. On ;hcir return one of the serious attacks to which he was subject came upon him, and the empress forgot the bracelet. The czar died, and to the empress in the early days of her widowhood came, November M, the first birthday she must pass alone. On her other birthdays the czar had been wont to place a bouquet iu the morning room of the empress. Inside the flowers was always found some rich, rare chosen months beforehand, empress had avoided the room as too full of painful memories, but. this morning, the morning of his wedding clay, Nicholas requested his mother to go there as a favor to him. The first thing she saw was the bouquet in the usual place, and inside the (lowers was a case, fastened and sealed by the czar's own hands. U contained tiie bracelet.' lie had ordered it on the same day that the empress saw it, and on his deathbed had given instructions for the birthday gift, bidding his son to bo near to comfort her when she received it. CLOTHES MADE OF WOOD. Ono of tho ThlnK-s Which MIC Future Will T'ro5»:il>!y lirint: l'"oj'l!i. Time was when references to a "wooden oven-oat" wore understood as the irreverent equivalent of measuring' n-man for a coflin, but it would scorn that suits of clothes made of wood may soon bu an accomplished fact. The writer, says the Edinburgh Scotsman, is indebted to a merchant of the city of cloth—Leeds—for a glimpse of samples of a species of cloth, and also of a sort of cotton, made wholly out of wood fiber, these two woven pieces having all tho appearance of attractive articles of their own kind, llolh these novel textile fabrics are tho result of prolonged experiments with pincwood and spruce, which have been ingeniously torn to pieces in tho first instance and then bleached by an elaborate chemical process. After chemical treatment in many •ways tho wood becomes a soft, white pulp, which Is run through perforated plates, the resulting' threads being dried by a steaming process. These threads can bo woven, and the material is susceptible of taking readily any sort of dye. The fabric can bo made at an astonishingly cheap cost; it looks well and has a certain amount of strength (experiments in this connection aro now being carried out), and its appearance on tho market, sooner or later, is absolutely certain, especially in-tho form of imitation cotton. HOW FISH ASCEND. »ccB«nrj- to Jliilce Tliom Blue Ob tulnctt from Thulr Own IJIood. A curious physiological discovery has been mode, in the last year by Prof. Bohr, of Copenhagen, in regard to the modo of storage by which a fish accumulates so much oxygen in the air that distends the swimming or air bladder. Tho air contained therein has a percentage of oxygen that may rise to as much as eighty-five, an amount in ex- .cess of the percentage in atmospheric air. Prof. Bohr tapped the air bladders of codfish and drew off the gas by means of a trocar and airtight syringe The gas had fifty-two per cent, of oxygen. In a few hours the air bladder was refilled, apparently by a process o: secretion of gas from the blood in tbo capillaries on the wall of the bladder In one experiment tho .gas thus so creted had eighty per cent, of oxygen When the nerves connected with tho organ were severed, the secretion ceasec and tho organ was not refilled. It thus appears that when a fish descends to a great depth, and his body is reduced in size by increased pressure of the water about him, lie is able to attain his former size and rise by secreting tho gas ho needs and not by absorbing the water. Support is thu: given to the theory that the gaseou: exchanges that occur in the lungs o animals are not purely physical. Sim Hurt"5o Time to Wu«c« on mm. "Your country has no future," said the esthetic Englishman to the cleve girl. "There is here DO art atmosphere don't you know, such as we have in London. Look at your stage, for in stance, English authors and Englisl players doing the only things wortl seeing. Your painters work in Paris and your two best novelists in London or Rome. Really, don't you know, yoi have no future." "A moment ago." re torted the clever girl, musingly, "yoi said we had no past. With no past am no future, it, scorns to me I'd better im prove the present. Do go and ask tha man opposite to come and talk to me He's an American and can teach ro something about my unhappy countr. while yet there is time." The English roan afterward remarked that she wa an extremely impertinent young per son.—N. Y. 'Press. Who wfll have the highest place in Heaven—the man who did the bigges preaching, or the one who suffcrec most for Christ? ENGLISHSPORTING LITERATURE About One-SUth of tho Enell.h Perl,odl- (•»!» Are D«vot«cl to Sport. It may give some idea of the place of sport in English life to the sedentary American to say that is difficult to find an Englishman between IS and 05, in fair health, and not supported by the rates, who is not a performer at some kind of sport or interested in some phase of it. Of the 073 reviews and magazines of a nonreligious character printed in England, says the Forum, one in six is largely devoted to some form of out-of-door sport or occupation. Between 1SSO and !SS5. according to a private index kept in the British museum, there were 2GO books published on the one subject of sport or athletics; between 1SSJ and 1S90, 412, and, although the figures for the last five rears are not at hand, the number oi books on the same subjects promises to be even larger, almost forty books on 0-oU alone appearing during the last five years. Nor does this list include books on topics germain to the subject, such as books dealing with voyages, gen.'raphy, history, biography anu trade, of" which there were 73S published in London in 1S93, and probably more than a thousand during the last year. la a word; John Dull loves the fresh air. lie is a sportsman, an athlete, a soldier, a sailor, a traveler, a colonist, rather than a student, and all the figures bear me out in making the statement. During those horrible clays in the Crimea, these sport-loving "young barbarians" were "till at, play" when they were not fighting; racing their ponies, getting up cricket matches, and off shooting such game - as there was. One family—the Pelhams—have hunted the Uroeklcsby pack of hounds for more than 175 years. THE END SEAT IN THE PEW. It IM tiie .riiurt: Occui>ii--J by tiio Protector of tin; I-':inu!y. • : It is common enough," said Mr. Orate.bar. according to tho New York Sun, "to sou a man sitting in the aisle end of a pew in church get up on the arrival of some other member oi tho family, step our, into the aisle to let the late comer in and then resume his setit at tho end of the pew. I* seems to me that I have read that this custom originated in New England in the early days, when Uie men all sat by the aisle so that they could seize their guns and get out promptly in case of attack by Indians. Wo don't have much to fear from Indians nowadays, but the seat by the aisle is still occupied by the head of tho family. He stands in the aisle while the others pass in, and then calmly takes his plafto in the end seat, at the head of the line, as a sort of general protector. "Sometimes in these days (we are so very free from Indians now) the head of the family thinks it is safe for him to stay at home when he has a headache, and then tho young SOD takes his place. I imagine that he talks it ovei- with his mother on the way to church, so that it is all understood. When they get to the pew he stands in the aisle while his sisters and his mother pass in. 1 fancy- that his sisters are rather glad when they are all seated and no longer conspicuous, but upon his mother's face as she brushes past liim into the pew there is a smile of affectionate pride; and then he takes his scat in his father's place and sits there with fine boyish dignity." .._ THEY SHET THE DO' NOW. Georcltt Craclccrs Actually Discover llotr to Keep Cold Out. In "Cracker" cabins in north Georgia, no matter how cold the weather, both doors, back and front, stand open from daylight till dark, tho year through. This, perhaps, is accounted for by the fact that there arc no windows in tho houses, and the doors arc kept open for light. One bitter cold winter s day, says an exchtoifc, while hunting for a workman, a northern superintendent of the Georgia Marble company went into one of these cabins and found the •whole family, blue with -cold, huddled over a few pine sticks in the fireplace. Every door was open and the icy wind was sweeping through the room unhindered. Before proceeding to business the northerner banged to the doors, threw several logs on the coals, and soon had things steaming. As they grew comfortable, he remarked: "Now, don't you sec how quickly you warm up when you keep the wind out? See what a difference it makes to shut the doors?" The thawed-out Cracker turned to his wife quite energetically and said: "Wife, danged if. hit an't so! Don't forget it. When hits cold arter this, le's^shct tho do'." Th« French Colt. The common belief is that the Freder. are a Celtic race: but, according to M. Riviere, tho Celt is not even the largest clement in tiat mixed race called the French. It is probable that they derive much of their artistic faculty from their savage ancestors in the stone; age, who carved quite artistic designs with .a flint burin on bones. The genuine Celt does not appear to bo particularly artistic. The Auvcrgnats are almost pure Celt, and yet their reputation mainly rests upon their capacities as as cabmen. The true Celt, II Riviere asserts, is chiefly to be found in a belt drawn across, Prance from. Savoy to Low Brittany, and he has not been identified at all in the United Kingdom. SNOW MADNESS. Awful Effnct or the, B«antir u l Dpon Peo- pl« Way Down South. Any person who has lived in countries where snow is an ordinary circumstance and condition of the winter season must, if he had witnessed the extraordinary behavior of, the people of New Orleans in the snowstorm, have been thoroughly astonished, says the Xew Orleans Picayune. The falling of the feathery flakes seemed to have operated op. the people like wine, and from the highest to the owest. voung and old, grave and gny. the dignified and the comical, reveled in the unwonted conditions nnd fell to * A L-^ative priocioles of select vegetable products form an elegant tasting liquid Laxative- FMQN.TONIC-LAXATIVfc idling each other with snowballs as i .hey hud been a gang of schoolboys. The result of this midwinter madness was that every person who passed iloutr the streets - v.-:is unmercifully pelted, and in many crises no considera- •ion was shown M age. sex oreo;:.lit-.o:i. There were men who wore posted at s*reel corners with magazines of snowballs ready to fall upo:i the ur.w^ry passettger, whether on foot, or in voiii- cles. " ,. Many of these balls had been dippou in water and compressed until they were solid lumps of iee. and when they struck a victim about tho head and face inil-cteil severe injury. One <r,-r.iK-man who was passing on llravier street, near the Citizens' bank. ?ot P. blow in tho eyo which may '-'0,-,L his sight, am many others were knocked down u:icl otherwise injured. Classes in windows of houses, of street cars and of private carriages were broken by the volleys of bulls and nobody was safe from attack. The people aiilicteU with this snow madness, although many were respect,able citizens, did not seem to realise that they were violating private rights or disturbing the peace, or. if they did. they wore too intent on making t'ie inostof an opportunity whieh occurs only at long intervals to pelt a',1 comers" without fear of punishment, to care. In countries where snow is common every winter there nre ethics of snow- bailing, just as well ' as of any other sport or business. There the fun i.- only indulged in between friends and acquaintances who consent to liberties taken, while to strike a stranger or an unwilling person with a snowball is as much an assault as would be striking with a stone. Of course some allowance must be made here for the ex traordinary excitement caused by so rare an occurrence as a snowfall, but even tho maddest of the: revelers ought to understand that a ball of ice or one mixed with mud, lumps of coal anc oyster shells Is capable of inflicting a serious wound upon the head and face, and the deliberate use of such missiles is more like an act of malice than sport, BANANAS IN A BLIZZARD. Combination Which Kxcltfd tho Kluiblll- tiiis or Some Street KHlJwny Men. Two Italians were trudging down the stre.et-car tracks under the South side elevated road in Chicago during the blizzard the other day. Great clouds of snow were swept by them by tho wind so that half the time they were invisible or only dimly outlined two blocks away. The tracks were covered faster than tho sweepers could clear then and tho cars had a time of-it in gettinp along. Each Italian had a huge bnske of bananas on his head, protected fron the unfriendly elements by a pieco.t oilcloth, and trudged along in the tcefl of the blast as serenely as if he were un dor the skies of Italy, and the howlmf, northwester was a summer zephyr fron- summer seas. An employe of the street ear compa ny, a, strapping big fellow with seven league boots OIL. faced about for a mo ruent to let his back stand the brunt o the storm for awhile, and in doing a caught sight of the two banana mer chants. Immediately his half-frozen features relaxed into abroad grin, and turning to tho other men who wer at work with him, he shouted: "Say, boys! look at them. Eyetalian with their banans. I guess we am' got no kick comin'. " All the men joined in the laugh, ant after a few moments returned to thei work much relieved by this little di version. ________ Would Be Horn Lund Than Water. If old ocean's waters were lowere< three miles more than half its grea depth would, be taken away. All th great seas, such as the .Mediterranean the Caribbean, and those of the China coast, would vanish or be reduced to small baisins inclosed within a rim separating them from the shrunken Eeld of waters. The lands, after a subsidence of two miles, would rather exceed tho ocean in area; with a subsid- dence of three they would occupy more than two-thirds of the earth's surface. The seas which would remain would form, not a connected ocean of considerable size,- but separate basins, tho largest gathered around the south pole. A Sprlnc That Runs Up IIIU. One of the few instances of a stream running up hill can be found in White county? Ga., says the Cincinnati Enquirer. Xear the top of a mountain is a. spring, evidently a siphon, and the water rashes from it with sufficient force to carry it up the side of a very steep hilfWnearly half a mile. Reach- ins 1 the crest, the water flows on to^the cast, and eventually finds its way into the Atlantic ocean. Of course, it is of the same nature as a geyser, but the spectacle of a stream of water flowing up. a steep incline can probably be found nowhere else in the country, and appears even more remarkable than the geysers of the Yellowstone. Theezrmna s'.Tcle toes on conquering and to conquer. The wreath and Italian forms."with their foliations, prevail. An exceedingly pretty orna- ffl.-nt. used, for tho same purpose, id the upright, bar of -e:risor r'.iineAtones. -\t ieoAt two of these are essential, one aaeii beinr placed cti th- side win<rs- Occasionally a sliJ-: is placed in the center.—JevfeJers" Circular. What is Castoria is Dr. Samuel Pitcher's prescription for and Children. It contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic substance. It is a harmless substituto for Paregoric, Drops, Soothing Synips, and Castor O,L It is Plca«mt. Its guarantee is thirty rears' use by BlUlions of Mothers. Castoria destroy* Worm* and allay, fercrishncss. Castoria prevents vomiting Sour Curd, cures Diarrhoea and Wind Colic. CostonA rchcvcs tcetlmi" troubles, cures constipation and flatulency. Castoria assimilates tho food, regulates the atomach and bowels, giving healthy and natural deep. Cos- toria is tho Children's Panacea-tho Motl- J Friend. Castoria. "Castoria is an excellent medicino for children. Mothers havo repeatedly told mo o. its good effect upon their children." Lowell, Muss. " Castoria is tho best remedy for children of which I urn acquainted. I hope the toy is cot far distant when mothers \vil 1 consider the rail iatwcstof their children, and use Castoria instead of the rariousquaeknostrunis-Bhich ore destroying their loved ones, by forcing opium, morphine, soothing syrup and other hurtful agents down their throats, thereby sending them to premature graves," Do. J- F- Kwcnixos, Conway, Ark. „ _ rn MnTT-ii-ir Street, Now York City. Tho Centaur Company. TI Murray atroe , ^^^ " Caswria is so we!..' vv<ipu\l to children th«t I ^commend itussi: ""iorwany pivscriptifla ^owutome.-' R A . A ,, cnKH , M . D^ 111 So. Oiforxl St., Brooklyn, X. Y. " Our physicians iu the chiWivn's deportment havo spoken Hifibly of tlieir experience in their outsiJo practico wii'.i fastoria, and although wo only ba*a umoiiR on.- mediral supplies what is known ;is ivKiiLir produces, yet -,ve aro free to confess that, Ac merits of "caswria has won us to look wiU» favor upon it." U.VT.-El) IIOSI'ITAI. *!.'D DISPENSARY, Boston, 'Ames C. SMITH, Prts., WOFRLPJ ebv H. MAIL. FROM MIDOCEAN. An Ingenious Finn for Studying tho Currents of tlic Oc«m. The currents of the ocean aro not as well known us they craffht to be, and measurements :incl researches are con- limiallv matlu as to their strength, direction, etc. The, hydro^raphic bureaus of England, France, Germany, •Spain and tho United States are now •using regular bottle-mails to establish data"relative to ocean currents. The ordinary bottles formerly used will not do, as but few of them are ever picked up. Either they break or they sinkH the saltwater eats through a flaw in the cork, or barnacles fasten themselves on the under side until the bottlo H.O. Qunrrjtne OranlW ky At Bangalore, in southern ..._ cranite slabs as large as sixty by forty feet and a half foot thick arc quarried by means of wood fires. A narrow line of fire, about seven feet long, made ctt dry logs of light wood, is gradually leugtbcned and moved forward over an even surface of solid rock. It is left in position till strokes with a liam- • mer show that che rock in front of the fire has become detached from thft main mass beneath; the burning wood is then pushed on a few inches. The rock keeps splitting about five mch« below the surface. It takes about ei"ht hours and one thousand five hwy- dr°ed weight of wood to set free a sUj measuring seven hundred and fort Bouare feet. Afterward the plato I easily cut with blnnt chisels into strif two and one-half feet wide. 8b"e Knew. Suitor—That's all right. I tnaylw poor, bnt I am certainly deserving-Miss Coldshoulder—That's -why y<* are poor. It's the undeserving who g«» ! ill there is in the world.—X- Y. World. MERCURIAL POISON KwnlH from tbeiiMiol treatmentof blood trouble to which the W »i«m,is UUed with mercury M* . potoKh loiitures—more to be dreaded than t» K.!.7:r^_on<i la a short while IB in a worse Ct>»> THE OCEAN PATEOL. Bawe- ditioa thai, Wore. ditioa tai, ore. RHEUMATISM SurrolcflB; t«Jce DO mib- Btitute. Seed for our treatise on blood and *&^SK^ SLs^Su, <*. sinks. Tlie bottles used now are large, and specially ballasted so that they *,,„,,„„„„.„.„. .._ ar'a*Bwim y upright. A small sign i* ^^ffly attached to the neck to attract attention, the inscription thereon showing the letters 11. O. and a number. When such-a bottle is sighted in midocean the ship's officers only need to take down the number of the bottle, which is allowed to drift on. If position and time of sighting such bottles are reported to the hydrographic officers m sufficient niimbcrs, it will be possible i to calculate the swiftness and establish the direction of ocean currents almost accurately. . How to Keep Flow<-r» Fresh. Lovers of flowers not rich enough to buy often have various ways of pri> longing the ]ife and freshness of the fe^ they get. Violets rcay be kept fresh if placed in fresh water and covered over night with a tumbler. Most flowers will retain their freshness for several day? if kept over night in the open air. "Anyone possessed of one of those delicate French clocks that have to bo covered with a glass dome cannot do better than sell or pawn the clock, usually an object of neither use nor ornament, buy flowers from time to tbnc with the procce-.ls. nr.d use the glass dome as a protector for the flowers at night. It v.-iH Uvwp then fresh for days. —Abrssinia w;is tile l:mtl of the Abassins or "mixed races." S!^ Mjd aching Joints moke life mircmWc. S.S.S. * & reliable care for mcrcuriftl rlicunantism. affatd> relief even alter — " all clue has Jaik-d. It is A LADY'S TOILET Is not complete without an ideal pOMPLEXIOM mM X>O WX33£Xl« IV ^^^ PGZZCNIS Combines every element of beauty and purity. It is beauti- I fyine, soothing, bealinc, healA- ful,'ai*l harmless, and when j rightly used is invisible. Araostl I delicate and desirable protection a tw the face in this climate. 1 Insist upcn havii? the ess-dre. I J b> 17 IS FC3 SALE > ' ± : &E3B3B '.vSSg •A.
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,200+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month