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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 253 BIythevllIe Courier Blythevllte Daily Newt Mississippi Valley Leader Blythovllle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JANUARY 22, 1955 Published Dally £xcept Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Potter Opposes Bill To Pay Expenses Of Visits to Prisoners Proposal Introduced in House By Rep. Keating; Others Falter WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Potter (R-Mich) said today proposed legislation to pay expenses of relatives to visit 17 Americans imprisoned in Red China would serve only to "flame the fires of vicious propaganda." Such a bill was proposed yesterday by Rep. Renting (R-NY). Sen. Sparkinan (D-Ala) said he ^ thinking along similar lines. Eye Arab States Defense Pact Issue Premiers Seek Settlement of Alliance Dispute CAIRO, Egypt. (AP) — An uneasy group of Arab premiers sought today ,to settle their darkening dispute over joining with the West in a Middle East defense pact. Egypt called the emergency meeting for 11 a.m. EST in an attempt to line up her Arab neighbors against oil-rich Iraq whose premier, Nuri Said, announced last week that his government would sign a mutual defense treaty with American-backed Turkey. Nuri's action cracked the unity of the Arab engue, which has remained aloof , from ties with either East or West, and threatened Egypt's leadership of the Arab world. Nuri himself sent word he was too ill to attend today's meeting. Egypt insisted on going ahead without him, despite Iraq's request for postponement of the conference. Egyptian Premier Gamal Abdel Nasser's government—which only a few months ago formed nn agreement with Britain for evacuation of British troops from the Suez Canal zone—insists the Arab States .should rely only on themselves for defense. Need Help But Lebanon's Premier Sami Eolh expressed his government's uneasiness over the chance of Soviet attack when he said the Arab States by themselves could not defend the Middle East against outside aggression. Whether Lebanon would openly commit herself to the Iraq-Turkish pact remained a question as the Arab premiers sought to settle th bitter alliance dispute. Iraq's Nuri has made clear he views the Arab Collective Security Pact a "daydream" for defense against aggression, "The Arab Collective Security pact can only defend Arab -states against a small country," Solh told newsmen recently. "If an attack comes from a big country, the Arab Collective Security Pact is not strong enough." Meanwhile, Turkey's Premier Adnan Menderes announced in Istanbul last night he was "publicly appealing to our brother Egypt" and the other Arab League coun-. tries to join the Turkish-Iraqul ' Pact. I Also taking part in the confer-! ence are leaders from Saudi Arabia, Syria, Jordan and Yemen, j Libya, remaining members of the ( eight-nation league, was not vited because she is not a signer of the Ara b Collective Security Pact. So far the families of only two of the jailed Americans have accepted the Red Chinese offer to let them come. Some others who hesitated mentioned the expense angle, and some obviously had taken notice of an Air Force warning that this government con not "assume any responsibility for your travel in Com munfst China, which must necessarily be undertaken at your own risk." No Representatives This referred to the fact that— since this country has never recognized the Red Chinese regim> there are no U.S. diplomatic representatives in China who mighl be called on for help, should any of the visiting Americans run into trouble. No American has been authorized to visit China in the five years the Reds have held sway there. At U.N. headquarters in New York, it was reported last night the U.N. was ready to make travel arrangements for the relatives, but a spokesman said the international organization has no funds 'to pay their expenses. Round trip plane fare would come to nearly $2,000. The American Red Cross stepped in yesterday and said it would provide up to the full amount of the trip cost to any of the next of who may be "authorized by the U.S. government and desire to go to Communist China." But need financial help to get there. Keating said yesterday he will introducK legislation to pay "all reasonable transportation, subsistence and other expenses." Keat- sald "it would be tragic for the men themselves, as well as their families, if anyone held back because of the expense." Sparkman indicated he might offer similar legislation in 'the Senate if the executive departments could not defray the cost any other way. May Use AF Planes Sparkman suggested in an interview that Air Force planes might carry relatives of the imprisoned Americans at least as far as Japan elsewhere near the Chinese mainland. He said he would favor free transportation for all parents and wives "who may want to make the trip." Potter, a legless World War II veteran, conceded in a separate Interview that "extreme sympathy" for the prLsoners 1 relatives would make It "awfully difficult" i vote against any such proposal. But if the U.S. government were to give the Red Chinese offer any kind of official standing. Potter said, the Communists would be able "to play it up all over the world." Potter said this might tend ;o obscure "their illegal action in jailing the Americans". Fifteen of the American prisoners are U.S. airmen captured dur- ng the Korean War. Eleven of these lave been sentenced to prison on terms, ranging up to life, on "spy" charges. The Reds have said the rases of the other four airmen still ire under study. The two remaining American prisoners are civilians. See POTTER on pape 8 TO SPEAK HERB — Dr. Paul Tudor Jones, pastor of Idle wild Preubytertan Church, Memphis, and one of the south'?, most prominent clergymen, will be speaker at First Presbyterian Church here Mondny night when the men of Mir church havi 1 their annual coon supper at 6:45. No Injuries From Mishap U.S. Carrier Force Said Heading for Formosa Destination Reports Are TAIPEH, Formosa (AP) A U. S. Navy fast carrier task force left Manila Bay early to- Representative Urges Statement of Strength Of U.S. Formosa Policy WASHINGTON (AP) — Chairman Richards (D-SC) of day and was reported —"butj the House Foreign Affairs Committee today urged the ad- not confirmed officially I ministration to make it clear that there is no "appeasement, GAS SERVICE IS EXTENDED — Natural gas service this week is being extended to residents and business of the Yarbro area, Arkansas-Missouri Power Co., spokesmen have announced. The trench-digging cVew pictured above was operating this morning about one mile south of Yarbro. Ark- Mo's transmission line from out of Missouri runs just west of Yarbro. (Courier News Photo) headed toward the troubled Formosan waters which swirled all week with hot air and sea action and Red China's biggest amphibious invasion of the Civil War. Nationalist warplanes struck fear or weakness" in its Formosa policy. Instead, he said, any shift of Chinese Nationalist defensive forces from the Tachens or other islands in the Formosa area should be coupled with a warning lhat "if new lines are established as the best military perimeter for the de- he believed President Eisenhower Nicaragua's Somoza Urges Rebels in Costa Rica to Quit treat no farther." Richards added } back last night and today at Yiki-j fense of Formosa, we will defend j angshan Island, invaded Tuesday j it, by arms if necessary, and re] by the Communists and won after ' bloody fighting against Nationalist guerrillas. Yikiangshan is 8 miles north of the Nationalist Tachen Islands which are 200 miles north of For' mosa and 12 miles from the China • mainland. j "Exercises" ! The 33,000-ton carriers E.ssex. — Apparently writing off the 'Costa Rican revolt as hopeless, Nicaragua's President Anasta- MANAGUA, Nicaragua (AP)[ pressed his views on the fighting - - - • in a interview granted after the Costa Rican General Staff announced in San Jose the capture of the last two rebel bases in the 510 SoTnonza said last night j northwest tip of the country. The the rebels should accept aiding in the Costa Rican capita! truce if the San Jose govern-1™ 1 ™ the l ' evolt was virtually ment allows its exiles to return i Soi ' lloza said the re beis appear to Costa Rica and promises j »j n bad shape—in a difficult situ- free elections. i ation, with no defense against the The Nicaraguan strongman ex-1 fighter planes the United States Muddy Water of Seine Swirls Through Paris PARIS (AP) — Alarm increased in Paris today as the muddy, mounting Seine River swirled over more suburbs and invaded basements on both banks in the city itself. In St. Mnur. a big suburb east* of Paris. 1.000 people had to be § Father of Chick Football Passes evacuated when the river collapsed a dike and .flooded low sections. At Choisy le Roi, southeast of Paris, 2.000 inhabitants have fled from their flooded homes in the past 48 hours. All along the river, both east imd west of Paris, workmen are ouilding sandbag barriers. Water Reaches Building Already water had seeped into cellars of audh historic buildings the heart of the city as the Notre Dame cathedral which is on island in the river; and the Palais Bourbon, which houses the j - nomp smce National Assembly. Today, more j the mid buildings on the left Bank were' nvaded and many homes on the fashionable west -side. The polo :leld and the Longchamps race- rack in the Bois de Boulogne were submerged. The Louvre in the heart of Paris was threatened. The palace, which shelters priceless paintings and sculpture, is only about 25 yards rom the River's edge. • Streets Reached turned over to iCo^la Rican President Joset Figueres." Help Claimed The United States sold four Mustang fighter planes to Costa Rica at the behest of the Organization ! Yorktown and Kearsarge pulled out of Manila Bay for what a Navy j spokesman there termed exer at a "regular operational are A well-placed naval sourc. ... CapL. Alfred D. Kilmartin, naval Dense Fog Halts Traffic, Shipping : In British Isles of American States. The San Jose | government asked the OAS to intercede in the situation, accusing Nicaragua of, aiding the rebels. Nicaragua denied the charge, but an OAS investigating commission found that the insurgents had Sam Costen Coached Blytheville's First Gridiron Team in '13 Blytheville's first football coach, Sam Costen. died yesterday in Memphis where he has made his ceived help from outside Costa Rica. The commission set up a buffer zone over 18 miles of the Nicaraguan-Costa Rican frontier from the Pacific Ocean east in an effort to keep the rebellion from flaring into open warfare between j the two nations. j Somoza said he feels the revolutionaries "should accept" a truce If Figueres offers "full guarantees to let the exiles return and promises free elections." The Nicaraguan President added that any insurgents crossing the Nicaraguan frontier would be disarmed 'and interned. He said the rebel wounded were being cared for by the Red Cross. VIP Captured The Costa Rican General Staff announced last night the capture of a "very important person" as a result of the flanking thrust that swept over the rebel stronghold of La Cruz, close to the Nicaraguan frontier, and the nearby harbor town of Puerto Soley. Rumors, in San Jose said the VIP was Capt. Teodoro Picado Jr., second man in the rebel high command and the son of an exiled attache at the U.S. Embassy here, said he had no knowledge of the disposition of the three carriers. He added that U.S. naval authorities on Formosa had made no statements whatever on the movements ! of those vessels. Real- Adm. Frederick N. Kivette, commander of the Formosa Strait Patrol, is in Hong Kong with his flagship the USS Salisbury Sound for a recreational visit for the crew. Vice Adm. Alfred M. Pride, com mander of the U.S. 7th Fleet, also is in Hong Kong on scheduled a visit, and is ^ rounded O j f to leave sometime after ; Swir]inp fog banks hampered f es . Monday aboard his flagship, the, cue work Lifeboats and tugs 5tood cruiser Helena. ; jj v The attache said he mentioned! Plane* that now has sufficient authority, M commander In chief of the armed forces, to use American air and sea forces in covering a shift of Nationalist defense forces if that becomes necessary. , Congress to Get Plan Informed Eisenhower administration officials said it was likely .nterview the President would send to Congress early next week a proposal for advance legislative approval of such a plan, which might involve U.S. units in open clashes with Chinese Communists, Behind this proposal was said to be an administration plan for an around-the-clock air fighter cover and naval aid in the evacuation of Nationalists from at least some of the Tachen Islands if they are brought under massive attack: bf' the Communists. The plan, and possibility of & request to Congress for specific authority, reportedly were.discuss-., ed as Eisenhower met for 50 minutes yesterday with the National Security Council, and later with his Cabinet. Chairman George (D-Ga) of thi Senate Foreign Relations Commii- tee, who told a news oonferenca yesterday there was an Indication a, presidential message may be forthcoming, said that until its terms are known he didn't wane to express hirrfself on it one way or the other. Plan Supported Sen. Morse ilnd-Orei, a Foreign Relations Committee member, said i in a separate interview he would •re grounded at London ; support a request for specific aw- Entire Area Is Blacked Out; Ships Run Aground LONDON '.-P.— Dense fog blacked out Britain today. It played havoc with .shipping in the North Sea and English Channel and stalled traffic up and down the country. The 7,176-ton Panamanian freighter Mando ran aground off the Scilly Isles and the London coaster Kingsbridge. another 7.000-tonner. the Isle of Wight. so that no fancy conclusions j Airport, where visibility was down j thority that the President believed would be drawn from their routine movements. the Pacific Fleet Headquarters in Pearl Harbor said it would be a "safe assumption" the carriers were headed for [he Formosa area. less than 100 yards. A warm air stream brought relief, however, to the desolate highlands of Scotland, snowbound for the last two weeks. A rapid thaw which set in yes- Each of the ships carry a 100- j [e rday continued overnight and'the plane sinking force. \ hill _ s around Caithness were show- Nationalist Approve Move ; ing ?rcen aga(n as helicopters took The reported move to beef up off on the last .stages of the supply U.S. 7th Fleet units charged with shuttle "Operation Snowdrop." the defense of Formosa emphasiz-1 Navy officials said the last ed Washington reports the United j mercy flights from the aircraft States might aid in moving Na-( carrier Glory would be to isolated iionalist troops off outpost islands hamlets in the John o'Groats area, threatened by Red invaders. northern tip of the Scottish main- President Eisenhower was re-1 land. The river has reached the streets of Paris in only a few ,pots, the Quai de Bercy and the Quai de Rapee on the east side vere most affected. The city's tap water has turned Automobiles driven by Ruby Hoi-! yellow, but officials said it was still brook of 410 South First and Joe; safe to drink.. Shanks Jr., of 112 East Davis were! Worse off was suburban Puteaux damaged considerably last night in a traffic accident at the intersection of McHaney Road and South Highway 61. which" went without lights 35 minutes last night when a transformer was flooded. In Suresnes, the U- S. Army was According to City Policemen Wil- moving stock out of the basement of lie Hopper and Gilbert Mann who jits big post exchange on the Seine investigated the accident, the 1955 Ford driven by Shanks struck the 10-18 Chevrolet driven by. Ruby Hoi- brook when the Holbrook car attempted to make a left turn off Highway on to McHaney Road. The Shanks car skidded 99 feet during the accident, the investigating officers said. Neither of the drivers was injured. opposite the Bois de Boulogne. Part of the nearby Longchanp Race Track was also under water. On the southern outskirts of Par- U. S. airmen pulled Parisians and Mr. Custen. who later became one j l ig Blytheville in i former president of Costa Rica. ! San Jose Army chiefs also said the supreme chief of the it-day of West Tennessnes* most promi-! rebellion, former President Rafael lent lawyers, will be remembered i Calderon Guarclia. may be trapped " v partner of l between the government troops m for his work i La Cruz an d tne ma i n body of :re as a former law B. Harrison and in organizing the first high school football team. He had been a standout football player at Vanderbilt. His first foot- . ball team at Blytheville bought its: own equipment. Oil that team were Marcus: Evrard, Oliver McGughey, Jesse j Taylor. Leslie Matthews, Joe Craig, ! Brad Chitwood, Alvis Hancock, Sam ' Wilhite, Marvin Ward. Darreli; McDermott, Will Thompson; j Hamilton Little, Don Beard. Ben j Orgle, Clyde McGughey. Paul Ros-' enthal, Jim Saliba, Garner Hicks. Berle Miller. Cecil SUtbblefield and : Frank Wagner. i Mr. Costen, though not a mem- ' ber of the faculty, really might be called the father of Blytheville football. He handled the team hero from its beginning in 1913 until the 1919 season. . He was a quarterback on the 1907 Vanderbilt team and was 72 at the time of his death. Survivors include his daughter, loyalist troops. tara which should have docked yesterday with 250 passengers from DWI Hearing Is Continued Hearing for Andy Terry on a charge of driving while under the influence of liquor was continued until Monday in Municipal Court this morning. In other action hearing far Benny Joe Rogers on a charge of carnal abuse was continued until Jan. 29 and John Presley Stokes was fined S35 and costs and sentenced to a charge ported preparing to ask congressional approval for such an operation if necessary. But Nationalist Premier O. K. } South America, was still fogbound Yut .said today his government is "firmly opposed" to withdrawal from any offshore islands. The English-language newspaper! China News said President Chiang [ Kai-shek's government has order-, ed every outpost island defended at! all costs, just like Yikiangshan. [ The Nationalists said 720 Guer- i rillas on Yikiangshan fought to the | See US on page 8 necessary in the present crisis. But Morse said he was against granting •any blanket authority. Sen. Sparkman <D-Ala), also n Foreign Relations Committee member, agreed with Richards' opinion that the President nteds no further authority. The 7th Fleet has been ordered to defend Formosa and presumably can undertake any task necessary to tftat end, Sparkman said. "A movement from those islands." Richards said, "may be necessary from a defense viewpoint . . . but, if we do that, it should be made crystal-clear to the The 22,607-ton British liner Alcan- people of Asia that it is not a step ' • • • O j a pp easeme nt, fear or weakness "It would risk a shooting war but we run a far greater risk the Three Receive Prison Terms In SE Missouri By SONNY SANDERS CARUTHERSVILLE—Three persons were sentenced to short terms outside Southampton, together with (other way. 1 If the line Is not drawn the American troop transport I here, it will have to be drawn Kings port Victory. farther down the road." Demos Claims Power To Kill D-Y Contract WASHINGTON (API — Four Democrats in Congress said today they feel President Eisenhower has handed them "on a platter" an easy way to short circuit the controversial Dixon-Yates power contract. The four. Sens, Gore (Tcnn) , meet that, bringing the lines across and Sparkman i Ala i and Reps. wou]d make tnern subject to regulation by Tennessee state agencies Holifield (Calif i and Evins <Tenn referred in separate interviews to Eisenhower's budget request for 6'a million dollars for Tennessee of petit: [„" the state prLson at Jefferson City j Valley Authority (TVA) transmis- 1 .*-..._. .1 s j on Ymes. The TVA lines would connect in the middle of the Mississippi River, day in jail larccny. during the Circuit Court session Alvis Decanter forfeited a bond here Friday, according to court rec- of SI9.75 on a charge of operating i orris. a motor license. vehicle without a state j Also sentenced to two-year terms ! with those from land released on probation were four i generating plant their belongings through flooded Mrs. T. T. Fortinberry, of Memphis. treets on life rafts. "- " " J '"'--'The Seine is expected to reach its crest — probably at the 23-foot mark — Sunday or Monday, The river hit its all time high of 29 feet in 1910. Mrs. Fortinberry wired fricnti here that services will be conducted in Memphis at 3:30 tomorrow though a wire report had services scheduled for Memphis on Monday. Jst Infantry to Return WUERZBURG. Germany tfi - 19-year-old boys the records show. Willie P. Burks of.Paducah. Ky., was found guilty on a charge of grand larceny and was sentenced tq I a tour year term. He was accused of After 13 years overseas, the U. S. stealing a late model automobile in 1st Infantry Division is preparing j Dyer County, Tenn., Dec. 30 and to sail for home with 315 dogs, 9 '• bringing it to Southeast Missouri. cats and 2 monkeys, a spokesman announced today. Los Angeles Unveiling Causes Near Riot LOS ANGELES MNearly every man and his sister posed as an art critic here today after the hurried, flurried unveiling 1 of nn ultra- modernlstlc bronze statue decorating the new police building. They almost had to call the cops at its first guarded showing yesterday. The only unconcerned people wore the four olnngntfiri figures in sculptor Bernard RosciUhnl's 14 foot statue, which he rushed into plnce bofore Irnte city councllmen threatened to tear It down and molt It up. Tho group, ropresr-ntiiiR a falhcr, a young boy, a mother and child— "because the police department is dedicated to the protection of the family," the .sculptor said—looks like nobody's family this side of Mars, At least, not like councilman Harold Harby's family. •A shameless, soulless, faceless, racelcss, gutless monstrosity," Hnrby opined. He introduced a resolution asking that the sculpture be sent to the inciting pot .and recast into a plaque honoring policemen killed in the line of duty The resolution wns referred to the police nnd fire commission »nd to City Ally. Rnppr Arnebenrli. Arnebergh. InktiiR his HVM vinu of the highly burnished statue \ through dark glasses, said offhand i thing—it's what they call cubar- he thought the council had the right to tear it down once the city had fulfilled its contract with Roscnthnl. The sculptor, who is receiving $10,000 for his work, promptly declared he will sue if necessary to keep his angular, hand-hammered group standing. One .councllmiin hinted Unit the City Art Commission, which approved the statue, (aces tough sledding, come next budget. Other random quotes from those who slipped through guards sta- lloncd h'- the Public Works Do ism, ain't it?" Professional critic—"A handsome piece of architectural sculpture." Two high school students—"It stinks." Charles Jones. Negro, was found guilty and sentenced to four years for grand larceny. He was charged with stealing an automobile on Oct. 15. ! James Noel. Negro, pleaded guilty to a burglary charge and was given a two-year sentence. He was charged with breaking into a Hayti grocery store around the first of December. Noel was captured by the police department at Chandler. Ariz., and transported back to Pemiscot County. Arthur Grant and Johnny Weaver, 19-year-old Negroes, were found Councilman Harby, for pictorial j gu iity on a charge of grand larceny purposes, hung his hat on the jn connection with a robbery of cop- mother's squash-melon shaped l ncr ' w j re ar ,d a radiator nt McCoy's head and pointer.) to (he figure in i junk ynvd.here in December. They were given two-year terms and released'on probation. Harold Wilson and Tommy Sisson, both 19, were found guilty of burglary at the school building in her mms; "This i.s a b;\by?" This was greeted by cries of "no. no, don't lei him do that" from Rosenthnl's Fronch-born wife, Haline. She described Ihe statue as '.'the most rr a''Mir .-i .Tint- my husband *ur.viiian—"Look at that 11ms ever done." City Jan. 20. They were as- f^ncrl iivo-.'.'-nr ^ntenccs and re lieved on probation. ihe Dixon-Yates be built ht West Memphis. Ark. The four Democrats contended their party has enough strength to knock that item out of the budget and said this would frustrate the contract makers either temporarily or permanently. Under the contract still awaiting final approval, the Dixon-Yates group would sell power to the Atomic Energy Commission (AECt, to be fed into the TVA system as a replacement for energy the TVA now supplies to AEC plants, "We're going to try to eliminate that 6',2 million dollars and I think we'll be able to do it," Gore said. "With the TVA connecting lines out, the contract will be rendered invalid." Would Be Stuck "If they went ahead with the Dixoh-Yates plant they'd be stuck with their linos ending up by themselves in the middle of the Mississippi River." Sparkman also predicted the budget request will be killed and added the contract would ,'be dead" If the Democrats are successful. "The private utility boys would never agree to bring their lines across the MIsM&slppt themselves,' he continued. "First there's the cost. And even if they agreed to and they'd never agree to that." A spokesman for the AEC said he could not determine how the Dixon-Yates contract would be affected if Congress refuses to appro- prune money for the TVA connect- in!.; lines. He did say the lines might be financed from some other fund but classed the entire question a.s hypothetical. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Generally fair with little change in temperature this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. Monday increasing cloudiness and cool. Highest this afternoon near 40. Lowest tonight 24-28. MISSOURI — Pail' south, partly cloudy north today and tonight; Sunda y partly cloudy; few snow flurries north tonight and in north- ea.st and extreme north Sunday( colder south and east central thl/i afternoon and a little colder over state tonight. Minimum this morning—M. Maximum yp.Ucrday—50, .Sunrise tomorrow—7:04. Snn.sct torJay—5:1!). Mean t<!mp«rHtiiro~40. Precipitation la*t 24 hour* to 7 *,n. — non«. Prcclpiutlon Jnn. 1 to dtita— l.tfl. Thh Date Uftt Yrar Mnxlrnntn ypstBrtlny-30, Minimum 'hi* mornlntt - 2.V Precipitation January 1 to dat« — 719. .