El Paso Herald from El Paso, Texas on December 7, 1920 · Page 1
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El Paso Herald from El Paso, Texas · Page 1

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Tuesday, December 7, 1920
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TODAY’S PRICES. Pesos, 52c; Mexican gold, $50; nacionales, $25.50; bar silver, domestic 99^4c, foreign 68c; copper, 14%c; grain, higher; livestock, lower; stocks, lower. LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS EL PASO HERALD HOME EDITION weather Y orecast . . El Paso, fair, warmer; west Texas, fair, warmer; New Mexico, fair, warmer; Arizona, fair, warmer. BY MAIL. $1 A MONTH IN TEX., N. M., AKIZ., AND MEX.; ELSEWHERE, 11.BO. EL PASO. TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 7, 1920. CARRIER DELIVERY. $1 A MONTH SINGLE COFY. 5 CENTS. 14 PAGES TODAY. PHILIPPINES' WILSON MEXICO CITY I PICTURESQUE MEXICO: MEXICO CITY j VILLA RAIDERS WAS ONCE BIG LAKE OF WATER Insecurity Of Foundations Of Many Buildings Causes Settlements. WAS CIVILIZED BEFORE NEW YORK 'uimmiiiiiiimMiiummiit'.miimiiimiuiinimmiiiuimiiiiiimiimiiiiiiiijmiiimmmmimiiiiiiiiimiiiiiimiiiiiimnTiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiimmiiiimimitimMtiiiiHir Was Christian Center Before New York Was Village With Cowpaths. MUST BE HELD COURT ORDERS Judge Makes Temporary Injunction Against 16 Bandits Permanent. PARDONSBEFORE HIGH COURT I By G. A. MARTIN. T is no surprise to read in the dispatches from the Mexican capital that the thousands of American visitors drawn there for the first time by the Inauguration of president Obregon, have expressed surprise at the “advanced” conditions. They cannot realize that Mexico City was the ureat metropolis of the Xew World for more than £50 years, was a big and “modern” Christian city long before New York even had cow paths and probably was the highest and most progressive city of the pre- Caneaslan era for a thousand year» before that. And they forget that the first h:s- pitals in America Avere established there, the first churches built there, the first libraries opened there, the first books printed there, the first street paving and sewer systems inaugurated there. Has Many Delights. Attention is called to this by Henry Shipley of M -*terey, an American resident of M - co much interested in its history anu particularly in that of the Mexican capital, one of the m^st delightful cities in the world. Not only is Mexico City delightful and interesting for the visitor, in point of climate, custom and beauty, but it is a constant source of delight to the antiquarian and the historian. When Cortes came to Mexico City in 1519 he found a city “more beautiful than Venice,’* according to his reports, and a civilization superior in many respects to that he had left In Europe. The Original Roof Garden. Tt was a city of flower-bordered canajs and massive architecture s g- gestive of ancient Egypt. The great Azt. . temple, for illustration, was so high that 114 steps were required to reach from the ground to its esplanade, wrhich was so broad that, Cortez reported, “thirty knights could run their courses in a regular tourney on it.” And yet some people thought New York originated the roof garden idea. Corlep:. like the present visitors, was amazed at the advancement of the Inhabitants. Their astronomers had determined the apparent motion of the sun and the length of the solar year and perfected a 13-month calendar, by means unknown to modern scientists. Early Workmanship. Tn many of the arts these “savages” excelled European workmen. In cutting and polishing crystal, in making delicate articles of obsidian, in casting figures of gold and silver in one piece, in making filagree ornaments without soldering and in pottery making and in weaving they left many samples which still are regarded as masterpieces and mysteries, for the secrets of their arts died with them. > The finest of their handiwork was in their temples, r.nd the conquering Spaniards, eager to obliterate every vestige of their pagan w'orship, attempted to destroy rather than preserve the lore which aroused their jealousy. The canals long since have been changed to well paved streets and a great cathedral, wrhich it took 300 years to complete, occupies the site once occupied by the massive Aztec temple. . World's Third Largest Church. No other church edifice in the new world compares with this cathedral in historic or artistic interest, nor in magnitude. It is more than 400 feet long, 177 feet’ wide and 179 feet from floor to roof. It is the third largest church edifice in the world and the second largest Catholic structure in the world, they claim in Mexico City. Only St. Peter's in Rome and St. Paul’s in London (Protestant Episcopal), are said to be larger. That the great cathedral sets in the midst of what was once a lake, the visitor will not doubt wrhen he sees what settling of the foundation has done. With the foundation insecure and the earthquakes frequent, the ancient building is far out of plumb; in fact, the base of a supporting pillar in one corner is at least two feet below the level of the bases of pillars in another corner. Many Buildings Not Plumb. This is not unusual for Mexico City, however. A block from the magnificent new postoffice, a building has sunk in the center to such an extent that it looks for all the world like an old “sway-back” horse many of us can remember from childhood days, when blooded stock was not so common and common stock wras commoner. The two ends of the building are said to he three feet higher than the center. Then there is the leaning church on the corner of Avenida Francisco I. Madero and Isabella the Catholic street. The tower leans outw'ard, (Continued on page 7, column 5.) T1 BE CATHEDRAL of Mexico City, originally consecrated as the Church of the Asuncion de Maria Santísima, and known as the Holy Metropolitan church of Mexico, is the largest ecclesiastical structure on the American continent and third largest in the world. History says the foundation is composed almost w'holly of sculptured Indian images, placed there by the builders as a token that Christianity •was obliterating the idol worship of the Aztecs. The building is of basalt and gray sandstone. The cornerstone was laid in 1573 and it was not until 1667 that it was completed and inaugurated, but even at that time the towers had not been finished. They were not completed until 1791. The towers alone are reputed to have cost $190.000 and the rest of the structure $1,752,000. The cathedral is on the exact site of the first Catholic church erected in Mexico, the original church forming the atrium of the present cathedral. Ths first church was completed in 1525, so Mexicans date the cathedral from that date, as the original church is a part of the cathedral, making it 266 years in the building. The church is or.e of the most elaborately decorated in the world, the most elaborate in America. All the carvings about the main altar and in many other portions of the building are of cedar, the carving by hand, covered with solid gold leaf, and they are as bright today as the day they were erected. Each of four Louis, kings of Spain, is said to have contributed to the building of this altar, which bears statues of all of them. A black spot at the base of the western tow'er marks the spot where the Aztec calendar stcne was located when Mexico was the home of a prehistoric civilization. The great sacrificial stone, where humans were sacrificed by the thousands to rppease the anger of a pagan God. stood nearby. it is generally believed. One of the altars in the cathedra] is devoted to the martyrs of Mexico and in it are preserved the bones of many of the notable men of the early days of its history as a Christian nation, including the first »emperor I'turbide. Many private altars are maintained inside the cathedral, one of them, now locked, belonging to the w’idow of the late president Porfirio Diaz. When the church w'as built, wealthy people of Spain and Mexico contributed .to its furnishings and it is stated that the gold and silver presented were worth $1,850,000. A chalice covered in gems and worth $300,000, was later presented to the cathedral. The chalice and many of the other relics in gold disappeared during the reform wars, when Benito Juarez separated the church from the state. Public officials are charged by the church with having disposed of them; on the other hand, many said the clergy buried them or sent them to Rome, inasmuch as the government confiscated all church property and it wras the desire to keep these In possession of the church. The Mexico City cathedral is one of the most interesting structures on the American continent. G. A. M. Tomorrow: Chapultepec Castle. Supreme Judges To Decide Whether Larrazolo Exceeded Authority. S ANTA FE, N. M., Dec. 7.—The temporary injunction, issued from the district court November 24, to restrain the warden of the penitentiary from releasing the 16 Villista raiders who wrere pardoned by Gov. O. A. Larrazolo, has been made permanent by judge Reed Holloman at the conclusion of the hearing late Monday afternoon. The appeal to the supreme court will be expedited as much as possible, but it is not expected a decision will be reached within 30 days. The question of the court’s jurisdiction over matters within the province of the executive was not raised, and is not likely to be on the appeal. The attorney’s office is desirous of having the supreme court rule on tne validity of an act of the legislature of 1899, which appears in the codification of 1915 as section 5087. This is« the first time in the history of New Mexico, territory or state, that the governor’s right to pardon has been questioned in the courts. Judge Holloman’s ruling makes it certain that the Villista murderers will not be set free until the supreme court decides that Gov, Larrazolo had the legal authority to grant the pardon to them. UNSPEAKABLE CRIMES” OF PUGILISTS DROP POLICE BAN ON SAN FRANCISCO PRIZE FIGHTS •AN FRANCISCO, 5 San Francisco 7.- Calif, Dec. police commissioners have stopped prize fighting in San Francisco. All permits for conducting fights or boxing contests were ordered suspended. In a formal resolution the board of police commissioners declared: “Owing to unspeakable crimes which have been committed by prize fighters and their associates in this city, the board of police commissioners hereby suspends all prize fighting permits.” The action followed a conference of police officials with mayor James Rolph, jr., at which w’as detailed outrages committed by gangsters on young women recently at a shack rendezvous on Howard street, in the thickly populated section where a score or more of women are declared to have suffered assaults and indignities. Fight Haven Becomes Desert. The decision of the supervisors means that San Francisco, for a long time known as a haven of boxers despite the California four-round limit law, will be a pugilistic desert for an indefinite time. Under the law no boxing contest in which professionals appear can be held without the permits which the supervisors declare they will not issue. The grand jury has started an inquiry into the conditions under which prize fights have been held. Alleged gangsters, including two ring professionals known all along the Pacific coast, who are under arrest charged -with what the police commissioners termed “unspeakable crimes” against women and with the slaying of three peace officers at Santa Rosa, are blamed for the stopping of boxing here, for the grand jury action and for plans set afoot in Oakland, across the bay, to require all boxers appearing there to present certificates of good character. City Is Stirred. Not for years has San Francisco been so stirred officially and privately as by the acts attributed to this gang. When the five men hleld here appeared in court to plead ropes had to be stretched to hold back persons desirous of attending the proceedings and many policemen were stationed about the hall of justice for any emergency. No one was allowed to enter the court room until he gave a valid reason. The prisoners wrere taken before the court manacled and beside each marched an officer. Judge Louis F. Ward opened court with a, brief speech to the effect that speedy trials were required. Then it developed that but one of the accused had been able to obtain an attorney willing to undertake his de­ fence. This attorney asked a continuance of his client’s case until December 27, but judge Ward demurred PREPARING FOR THE BATTLE OF THE ST. MIHIEL SALIENT WITH. tomorrow’s issue the “Overseas Notebook” enters upon the period of activity which will cover nearly three months “in the line" on the Saint Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne fronts, the preparations on a huge scale for the first great American offensive, the operations, the armistice, the march into Germany, and the occupation of the Rhine province. On the Editorial page every day, and it may give you an interesting slant on several things. The “Notebook” is the product of the passing moments, resulting in a summary of impressions, and makes no pretense at being a military history or comprehensive account, but it’s human. Shelton Uses Doll To Get Sleep When Riding In Pullman R AY SHELTON, president of the Salesmanship club, tells a new story of how he got all the sleep he needed coming to El Paso from Dallas on the Texas & Pacific. In Dallas he won a large doll at a carnival. He wrapped it up, all but its head and put it in the hammock in the lower berth he occupied. Friends decided to wake him up early. One of them stuck his head into Ray’s berth and shouted, “get up, rummy.” Ray said, “Sh-h-h, you'll wake the baby,” and pointed to the doll in the hammock. The friend blushed, begged Ray’s pardon and said: “O, I flidn’t know you had your family with you.” Mr. Shelton slept unmolested until after 9 oclock, passengers tiptoeing past his berth after the news had spread. and set December '16 for the trial of the first of the men to begin. All pleaded not guilty. Attorneys appointed by the court to defend the other accused men entered protests at being compelled to serve. ff Cinderless Coal May Solve Heat Problem; Invention Is “Simple Brussels, Belgium, Dec. 7.—An engineer named Bauschleicher has succeeded in manufacturing by a simple process artificial coal of great heating capacity. It is made with the vegetable refuse from peat beds, of which Germany possesses a great number. The new fuel, which Is called “gasol” coal is said to have a heating capacity of 7500 units and burn with a bright flame. It leayes no cinders. EL PASO ASKED TO AID BABIES NEEDING FOOD Meeting Called Tomorrow to Plan Campaign to Raise Money for Starving Infants. El Paso has been called on to do its share toward* helping the 3,500,000 starving babies in devastated Europe. Through E. A. Peden, who was food administer for Texas during the war, Herbert Hoover, chairman of the American Relief commission in Europe, has sent an appeal to El Paso for help. C. N. Bassett, president of the chamber of commerce, has called a meeting of the heads of civic organizations for 3:30 oclock tomorrow afternoon, to draft a program for raising funds. The meeting is to be in Mr. Bassett’s office in the State National bank. The call has been sent by Mr. Bassett to James G. McNarv, president of the University club; Mrs. W. T. Owen, president of the Woman’s club; Will Winch, president of El Paso Rotary; Dr. J. W. Cathcart, president of the Kiwanis club; Ray Shelton, president of the Salesmanship club; Arthur M. Lockhart, president of the Adclub; A. W. Norcop, president of the Young Men’s Business league; S. J. Brient, secretary of the Y. M. C. A.; Mrs. M. A. Warner, president of the Y. W. C. A.; H. S. Burwell, exalted ruler of the Elks; Mrs. Ponder S. Carter, president of the Federation of Women’s clubs; Mrs. O. A. Critchett, president of the El Paso League of Women Voters; Dr. J. W. Laws, chairman of the El Paso chapter of the Red Cross; J. B. Gwin, secretary of the Associated Charities, and Rev. Milo Atkinson, president of the Ministerial alliance. A page advertisement in El Paso papers was recently contributed to the cause by Mr. McNary. Wholesale Meat Price Down; Decline Is Marked Washington, D. C., Dec. 7.—Wholesale prices of meats continued their downward trend last w'eek, a statement Issued by the Institute of American Meat Packers declared. Fresh pork showed declines of from 10 to 20 per cent, the statement said, although it was less marked near the packing centers than in the east. Boiled hams and all smoked meats, the statement said, also showed declines while the price of Lard fell approximately 15 percent during the week. CHILEANS DO NOT EXPECT LEAGUE TO TAKE UP QUARREL WITH PERU WITHIN MONTH S ANTIAGO, Chile, Dec. 7.—Chilean newspapers did not expect that the 40 year old dispute between Chile and Peru for possession of the territory of Tacna and Arica would be taken up by the league of nations assembly at its first meeting in Geneva this month. (Bolivia and Peru had requested the league of nations to revise their treaties with Chile. Bolivia wanted access to the sea and Peru wanted a reconsideration- of the Tacna-Arica agreement; but both these requests were withdrawn early in the session, thus preventing the possibility that the league might encroach upon the Monroe doctrine by considering those American questions in the absence of the United States.) Newspapers here expressed belief that the league of nations would not touch any American questions until it w'as decided whether the United States would enter the league and under what conditions. . . . El Diario Ilustrado said: "What does the problem of Tacna and Arica—proposed by our northern neighbors—signify to the society of nations? It' has waited years and can wait longer without any ill resulting to the world and to America. As soon as it is seen its solution is not simple—because our country asks the application of a treaty (the treaty of Ancon) and Peru does not' wish to recognize it—the question would be postponed until a less pressing time in world affairs.” The newspaper expressed the opinion that it would be very difficult for the league to attempt even “the initiation of consideration of American affairs without the concurrence Of the United States.” An interesting point not generally known in connection with Chile’s preference to the league of nations is that it carried this reservation: “The government of Chile reserves the right of considering modifications or reservations to the pact that may be made by nations signatory to the treaty of Versalles and which have not ratified it up to the present.” The date thus referred to was November 4. 1919. This reservation would leave the opportunity open for Chile to adopt reservations subsequently made by the United States. T HE conditions necessary for the growth of trees are proper planting, a suitable soil, proper food, moisture in the proper quantity, a certain amount of heat during the growing season, and a favorable amount of light. MRS. AGNES ORNER PARDONED AFTER SERVING FIVE YEARS FOR THE DEATH OF DAUGHTER COST OF LIVING, LOAN TO ARMENIA FEATURE MESSAGE Independence of Philippines, Cold Storage Laws, Federal Incorporation, Rehabilitation and Training of Disabled Service Men Are Recommended; League of Nations and Geneva Conference Ignored—Bonus Fails of Recommendation. VK7ASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 7.—President Wilson’s concrete recommendations to congress in his annual message today were: Revision of the tax laws, with simplification of the income and profits A MRS. AGNES ORNER USTIN, Texas, Dec. 7.—A condi- tlonal pardon was granted today by acting governor Johnson to Mrs. Agnes Orner, of E! Paso, con-, victed at El Paso in 1915 on the charge of murder by poison of her little daughter, Lillian, and given a life term in the penitentiary. Conditions nitider which the pardon was granted are thnt Mrs. Orner leaves El I’aso and does not go back there. This is quite a noted case in that it had been tried six times. In the first trial, at El Paso, Mrs. Orner was given 99 years in the penitent tlary, while four of the trials which were held at other places than El Paso, all resulted in hung juries. Ten Years In Prison. The last time the case was tried, in 1915, a life sentence was imposed. The crime for which .Mrs. Orner was convicted occurred at El Paso in 1911 and before she reached the penitentiary she had served 5 years in jail and has also served virtually five years in the state penitentiary. In recommending the pardon, the board of pardons was divided. Judge Dead Couple Married To Guarantee Happy Life In Next World A TAMI, Japan, Dec. 7.— A marriage ceremony has just been performed here over the ashes of two bodies in the belief that a single young man and an unmarried woman who committed suicide would have a happy married life in the next world. The couple committed shinju, or double suicide, for love, by throwing themselves into the sea from the cliffs. Both bodies were later recovered and cremated with the Buddhist ceremonies. The ashes w^ere then brought to the home of the girl’s fatfyer and he performed a marriage ceremony over them. According; to the Buddhist faith, marriage contracted in this world will carry over to the next. William Knight dissented, while chairman Fritz R. Smith, the other member, made a favorable recommendation on the ground that the woman was convicted on circumstantial evidence. Has Tuberculosis. Mrs. Orner was pardoned on the ground that she is suffering from tuberculosis. The woman was tried first at El Paso in 1911, when J. M. Nealon was district attorney. When her conviction was reversed, she was granted a change of venue and was tried successively at Midland, Marfa, Pecos and Van Horn and then the case was brought back to El Paso, after the juries had failed to convict her in each of the other trials. W. W. Bridgers was district attorney the last time she was tried, and secured her conviction. The Alleged Crimes. On February 18, 1911, Lillie Cordovia Orner died suddenly. The mother, who lived at 608 North Ochoa street, w'as arrested on a charge of murder and after a preliminary hearing before justice E. B. McClintock. remanded to jail without bond to await action of the grand jury. On July 27, 1910, after an illness of six hours, the child’s father, Alfred F. Orner, Pullman conductor, died in the same manner. On August 9, 1910, Mrs. Orner was arrested on a charge of lunacy, but was acquitted three days later before a jury in probate court. taxes. Independence for the Philippines. A loan to Armenia. Economy in government appropriations and expenditures and creation of a “workable budget system.” Cold storage and other laws affecting the cost of living, and the federal licensing of corporations as recommended in previous messages. Rehabilitation and training of disabled soldiers and sailors. The president dkl not endorse a bonus. Nowhere did the president refer to the league of nations or the treaty fight, except perhaps by inference in his opening when he quoted Abraham Lincoln's “let us have faith that right makes might, and in that faith let us dare to do our duty as w'e understand It.” At its close, the president wrote a paragraph which might be regarded as a valedictory, saying: “I have not so much laid before you a series of recommendations as sought to utter a confession of faith, of the faith in w'hich I was bred and w'hich it is my solemn purpose to stand by until my last fighting day. I believe this to be the faith of America, the faith of the future, and of all the victories which await national action in the days to come, whether in America or elsewhere.” Democracy, the president said, “is being put upon its final test.” Destiny of Country. “The old world,” said he, “is just now* sufferiag from a wranton rejection of the principle of democracy and a substitution of the principle of autocracy as asserted in the name but without the authority and sanction of the multitude. This is the time of all others when democracy should prove its purity and its spiritual power to prevail. It is surely the manifest destiny of the United States to lead in the attempt to make this spirit prevail.” Two ways “in w'hich the United States can assist to accomplish this great object,” were outlined by the president. They were: “First, by offering the example within her own borders of the xvill and power of democracy to make and enforce lawrs which are unquestionably just and which are equal in their administration .... “Second, by standing for right and justice as towards individual nations.” “The United States,” said the president, “cannot refuse this role of champion without putting the stigma of rejection upon the great and devoted men who brought its government into existence.” Messenger Takes Message. The president s message was transmitted by messenger, the president adhering to his decision not to address congress in person. The president’s message was not read immediately in the senate, which waited until it had disused of routine business. Secretary Tumulty was among the spectators in the senate, occupying a seat on the floor. Carpenter Named Customs Collector Washington. D. C., Dec. 7.—Warren W. Carpenter, of El Paso, w'as today nominated collector of customs district number 24, at El Paso. James A. Hall, of Portales, N. M„ was nominated collector of internal revenue for the district of New Mexico. Ed A. Christian, of San Antonio, was nominated collector of internal revenue for the first Texas district. These are all recess appointments of the president. peace : Public galleries again were filled, and several diplomats were present. The Message. The message follows: “When I addressed myself to performing the duty laid upon the president by the constitution to present to you an annual report on the state of the union, I found my thought dominated by an immortal sentence of Abraham Lincoln's. “ ‘Let us have faith that right makes might, and in that faith let us dare to do our duty as we understand it’,—a sentence immortal because it embodies in a form of utter simplicity and purity the essential faith of the nation, the faith in w’hich it was conceived and the faith and the birth of a nation founded upon it came the hope into the world that a new order would prevail throughout the affairs of mankind, an order in which reason and right would take precedence of covetousness and force, and I believe that I express the wish and purpose of every thoughtful American when I say that this sentence marks for us in the plainest manner the part we should play alike in the arrangement of our domestic affairs and in our exercise of influence upon the affairs of the world. By this faith, and by this faith alone, can the world be lifted out of its present confusion and despair. It was this faith w'hich prevailed over the wicked force of German y. Faith Won the War. “You will remember that the beginning of the end of the war came when the German people found themselves face to face with the conscience of the wrorld and realized that right was everywhere arrayed against the wrong that their government was attempting to perpetrate. I think, therefore, that it js true to say that (Continued on page 5, column 2.) BURGLARS GET LETTERS SENT MRS. HAMON; AUTHORITIES TO INVESTIGATE SMITH INTERVIEW C HICAGO, 111., Dec. 7.—Four unidentified men forced an entrance last night into an apartment building here where the widow of the late Jake L. Hamon lives. The men seized a quantity of personal papers and 75 letters received for Mrs. Hamon during her absence at Ardmore, Okla.. w'here her husband was mysteriously shot to death. The intruders took nothing else. Charles Willis, landlord of the building, had the letters and papers in his apartment, which is across the hall. Actions of the men indicated the seizure had been carefully planned, police said. Clara Smith Found ? San Antonio, Tex., Dec. 7.—P. M. Ross, local newspaper man, who claims to have conversed near San Antonio last night with Clara Barton Smith, sought in connection with the fatal shooting at Arfimore, Okla.. of Jake L. Hamon. was taken into custody by police detectives at his home here early today. According to police Information, the newspaper man asserted he found Miss Smith near here after her motor car had broken down. After a lengthy questioning by the police, Ross was released. The story told by Ross of his Interview with Miss Smith, according to police, followed somewhat her statements to E. W. Sallis, of Dallas, the chauffeur who drove a young woman answering the description of Miss Smith from Dallas to Cisco. Ross, who is an employe of the San FIUME WAR OFF, ITALY BACKS DOWN D’Annunzio Told He Made Mistake in Thinking Note Was Ultimatum. GERMAN CONDITIONS SERIOUS FROM OUTLOOK OF FRENCHMEN; 400,000 FAMILIES UNEMPLOYED P Trieste, Austria, Dec. 7.— (By the Associated Press).—The “state of war” between the regency of Quar- nero at Fiume and Italy, will not proceed, said an official statement given out by the headquarters of Gabriele d’Annunzio today. It declared this decision had been reached bccause d’Annunzio had received a note from the Italian ministry of war stating that Gen. Caviglia’s order, which brought about the poet-soldier’s declaration of a state of war with Italy, did not have the character of an ultimatum. Members of the special commission of Italian deputies w'hich has interviewed d’Annunzio in Fiume, left for Rome tonight. Some of the deputies said they had hopes that an agreement could be reached. IARIS, France, Dec. 7.—Something of the seriousness of Germany’s economic condition, from a French veiwpoint, is told by Jean Herbette, foreign editor of Le Temps, now studying the situation in Germany. Members of the middle class, whose stationary incomes spell poverty in the rise of prices and the workers, are said by him to "be particularly unhappy.” Fortunately, he adds, farmers are prosperous. Necessities Almost Luxuries. “There is cruel misery,” he writes, "in the homes of workers who have many children. This condition is not limited to families of the unemployed, of whom there are 400,000 in Germany. It is characteristic of the present crisis that a workman cannot manage to feed and clothe his family, even when he works at relatively high wages. “I have been in homes where the father got 200 to 250 marks a week. When he must feed five or six children, it is destitution. To buy bread, fats and potatoes, even in insufficient quantities, he must spend 80 marks a week or more. Rent, gas and a little coal absorb part of the remainder. How can the family be clothed or shod? Even a poor suit costs 1500 marks, a pair of shoes 150 to 200 marks. Linen has become almost unattainable luxury.” Many Look For Food. Tn Berlin, M. J-Ierbette visited modest homes with welfare workers. “W'e saw,” he says, “in the homes of hardworking people who did not ask aid, pallet-beds and rags, so miserable that my companion could hardly believe his eyes. There are children three and four years old that their mothers carry in their arms, actually wrapped in rags when they go out, because they have no clothes. One hears little complaint, how-ever. The habit of privation produces a sort of torpor and no one seems concerned except with finding a little Something to eat.“ In these conditions, he concludes, “unhealthy propaganda has free play,” but there Is nothing incurable) In them and there must be found some policy to meet the needs for “the interests of peace are the interests of France.” Antonio News, said he had heard in a hotel lobby last Saturday that Miss Smith was in San Antonio and through acquaintance during his previous employment in Oklahoma, recognized her. While a companion fixed two flat tires on Miss Smith’s automobile. Ros 3 said he took her to a nearby farm house and there she told him she had killed Hamon “for the sake of their son. Jack.” According to Ross, she declared, she w’as willing to face any just judge or any jury of women. The newspaper, on which Ross is employed as a reporter did not print today in its noon edition the interview Ross sent out last night over a press w'ire in which he claimed to have seen and talked to Mis« Smith. Ross is a former El Pasoan and once worked in Phoenix, Aria. Authorities Probe Story. Ardmore, Okla., Dec. 7.—The search for Clara Smith, wanted in connec- nection with the fata] sliooting here of Jake L. Hamon, Republican national committeeman from Oklahoma, early today centered at San Antoni i, Texas, after Russell R Brown, county attorney, had recaived information that Perry M. Ross, a San Ahtonio newspaper man. had said he had conversed with Miss Smith near Sar. Antonio list night. Acting upon the information. Mr Brown sent a telegram to the chief of police at San Antonio asking him to make an immediate investigation and, if necessary, hold Ross as a meterial witness in the case. A suit of clothing taken from the private offices of Mr. Hamon, was sent to Mr. Brown by Fr.*nk L Ketch, business manager for the slain oil magnate, in response to the prosecutor’s request that he be given the clothing Mr. Hamon wore at the time he was shot, it was announced today. Another development was the announcement by Mr. irown that Dr. Walter Hardy, director of the private sanitarium, where Mr. Hamon died, and who treated him lor the wound, had informed him Miss Smith visited Mr. Hamon at the hospital the day after the shooting. Dr. Hardy was quoted as saying that he knew verv little about the interview', adding that- the nurse who was on duty left the room while the visitor was there. NEW CAPTAIN COMING. Washington, D. C., Dec. 7.— Capt. John Thompson McLean, medical! corps, U. S. A.. Denver, Colo., is ordered to Fort Bliss. Headliners In Today*s Theater * BIJOU— "The Challenge of the Law,” Bill Russell. El,LANA V— "The Broadway Bubble,” Corinne Griffith. GRECIAN— “Earthbound.” RIALTO— "Love Madness,” Louise Glaum. PALACE— “Civilian Clothes.” I.MQIE— “Sweet Lavender,” Mary Miles Minter. WIGWAM— "The Divorce Game,” Alice Brady. (Read amusement ads on page 14.) Cheering Thought: Federal Outlay In El Paso At Least Offsets Federal Taxes El Paso Pays

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