The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 21, 1955 · Page 6
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 6

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, January 21, 1955
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PAGE SIX BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS FRIDAY, JANUARY 21, 19S5 REVIEW"" FORECAST Administration Doesn't Fear for Farm Program By OVID A. MARTIN } WASHINGTON (AP)—Democratic efforts to stimulate opposition to the Eisenhower farm programs in the hope of winning the 1956 farm vote will get a lot of attention in the new Congress. There will be moves to repeal the key feature of that program— flexible farm price supports—and restore high, rigid price floors. But whether the Democrats will make an all-out effort to wipe the GOP program off the books this year or next is a matter party leaders have not yet announced. Some Democrats argue for action next year, just ahead of the presidential campaign. They say farmers by 1956 "will have suffered a year" of flexible price supports and be eager to vote for a change at the White House. Administration farm leaders dispute that, saying farmers will be pleased by the working of the new system. They say too that President Eisenhower would veto such legislation and that the Democrats do not have enough votes to pass it over a veto. Regardless of what Democratic strategy is adopted, Secretary of Agriculture Benson and his aides express confidence that flexible supports will be a less important issue in the 1956 campaign than they were last November. In this latter election, the Republicans lost no normally Republican rural congressional districts. Benson says he believes the worst is over for farmers in the postwar period of readjustment. . But Democratic farm leaders express fear that things will grow worse because :(1) farm prices, which declined 25 per cent since 1951 and 6 per cent in 1954, show no immediate signs of improving; (2) farm surpluses continue to mount; (3) net farm income continues to fall while national income continues upward; and (4) farm operating costs continue near record high levels. Many Democrats predict that the flexible price supports will operate to pull prices and income lower. The flexible system, which goes into effect this year, is designed to help guide farm production. Under it, price floors would be low in times of surpluses to discourage overproduction and to encourage greater production and to hold down consumption. Benson agrees that price supports this year and next may average lower, but he contends efforts now being made to dispose of surpluses and to cut down surplus production will, by 1956, put agriculture on a firmer foundation. Some aspects of the farm situation would appear to give weight to Benson's argument. Perhaps the biggest barrier to improved farm prices and incomes is the price-depressing surpluses which will climb to-a record high of perhaps 7i' 2 billion dollars this winter. These surpluses largely reflect overproduction in 1952-53 when there were no major production controls. But production controls invoked last year and this on such crops as wheat, cotton, tobacco, peanuts, corn, rice, and sugar crops can be expected to reduce greatly if not stop the flow of surpluses into government hands. Meanwhile, broadened programs designed to move surpluses into WELLS & PUMPS for Farm Crop Irrigation "Make It Ram Wit/i Pumps by Layne" Install Now and be sure of your Crop! We install 2 inch house wells FREE ESTIMATES — NO OBLIGATION! See or Call frank Seay at Arkansas Well Co. Ph. 3-4110 127 E. Main foreign markets in exchange for currencies of other countries and nto relief uses at home and abroad ar • serving to reduce surpluses accumulated from past crops. As a consequence, surpluses should be greatly reduced by 1956. Other things being equal, the smaller the surplus of a commodity, the better the chances that prices of the commodity will rise. Assuming 1 general economic conditions continue at or near present levels, it would appear that the big livestock industry — with the possible exception of dairying- should be in a better position in 1956 than at present. A big- postwar expansion in beef cattle production has been brought to a halt, climaxed by a sharp drop in cattle prices in 1953. While supplies of beef are expected to continue large, they will not be increasing . An expansion cycle in hog production is nearing its peak and the outlook is for no drastic decline in hog prices . Chances appear good that the poultry industry, which has been suffering from overproduction and depressed prices, will have reduced its output by 1956. Many dairy farmers are dissatisfied with the government's dairy program featuring supports at the minimum lever permitted by law. Benson is unlikely to increase the support rate before 195G. Improvements in the dairy situation may come in the form of heavier consumer demand for dairy products, reductions in surpluses, and a shift by some dairymen to other types of farm production. Wheat is the biggest burden from the GOP standpoint .Because of vast surpluses on hand and a sharp shrinkage in world markets, there appears little chance of improvement in returns from this crop during the next several years. In fact, wheat producers face prospects of even lower prices. Yet. looking at the wheat situation from the political angle, Re- FFA SWEETHEART — Tommie Jo Olive, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ray Olive of Luxora, has been named FFA Sweetheart of Burdette for 1955. She'll represent the chapter at the federation meeting in Blytheville this spring. YOU BET THEY LAST! —Guaranteed Work— We make your old tires like new—at a fraction of naw tire cost! BURNETT'S ROYAL TIRE SERVICE S. Highway 61 Ph. 3-8662 jNew Lespedeza Variety OK'd Climax Termed Good Bet For The Cotton Belt The field crops department at the University of Missouri has been receiving several inquiries about the Climax variety of lespedeza 'and its adaption to Missouri conditions. And, field crop specialists say for the Cotton Belt, Climax is superior to Korean lespedeza in several ways. It yields more forage — up to 50 percent more in some areas. It matures later, giving a longer, pasture and haymaking season. Also, it is resistant to bacterial wilt, the most serious disease of lespedeza. Climax is about equal to Korean in hay quality and seed production and it's well adapted to the Northern Cotton Belt, the specialists say. However, in central Missouri, seed production drops and it may not reseed every year. Kobe is another lespedeza variety that is superior to Korean in the Cotton Belt. It Is much like Climax in forage yields and wilt resistance but its seed habits are not ns good. Kobe shatters so easily that usually only a part of the seed crop is saved. If used north of the Cotton Belt, new seed- ings may have to be made each year. According to the specialists Climax and Kobe really show their superiority when bacterial wilt is bad. However, if wilt is not a problem, not much difference is noticed until Korean begins to mature and slow down in growth. New Quarters For Classing 5100,000 Building For Little Rock Office LITTLE ROCK i.-Pi -- A new $100,000 building will be constructed here to house the Agriculture De- pnrtment Cotton Division office. Edward M. Penick, chairman of the Little Rock Chamber of Commerce's Agricultural Committee, publican majorities are almost always the rule in such imyortani producing states as Kansas, Nebraska, North and South Dakota. Prospects point to fairly .stable conditions for cotton, peanuts and tobacco—but Republicans cannot count very much on votes from growers of these crops—produced as they are in the normally Democratic South. FARMERS ONE STOP MARKET WE BUY or STORE: WE SELL: • SOYBEANS • BARLEY • WHEAT • OATS • CORN • RYE • COMBINE -MILO MASTER MIX FEEDS FIELD SEEDS of All Kinds • SOYBEAN SEED • COTTON SEED MATHIESON'S INSECTICIDE • FUNK'S "G" HYBRID CORN • V.C. FERTILIZER FARMERS SOYBEAN CORP. I "Home Of Sudden Service' N. IROADWAY A HUTSON STS. PHONE 3-8191 Rush to Farm Is Slowing Down And Land Values Are Leveling Off As a Result WASHINGTON W> — A postwar rush by city folks with spare cash to buy farms as insurance against dollar-cheapening inflation has subsided, the Agriculture Department has reported. Heavy buying by such investors had been described by the department as an important factor in sharp increases in farm land values, particularly during the Korean War period. Since then, there has been a tendency for land values to level off in some areas and to decline in others. In a report on the farm real estate market, the department said farm land values for the nation as a whole increased one per cent between last July and November, reaching in November a level 2 per cent higher than a year earlier. But this over-all figure was somewhat deceptive. While prices strengthened in the central corn belt, in most other states they drifted moderately lower. Red Clover Supplies Short Smallest in Years For Entire Nation Supplies of red clover seed are short this year, says Ross Fleetwood, University of Missouri extension field crops specialist. Missouri's 1954 production of red clover seed was around two million pounds — less than one-third of the 1953 crop And, the supply for the whole county is the smallest in years- One solution for Missouri farmers is a reduction in seeding rates, especially if the reduction is coupled with good seeding methods along with proper liming and fertilizing. Another way to get around the problem, says Fleetwood, is to substitute other legumes such as alfalfa or ladino clover. Adequate supplies of alfalfa and ladino clover seed are available but alfalfa seed prices are relatively high. However, there is more than twice as much certified ladi- no seed on hand this year as used in any previous year and it can be hed at a reasonable price. While ladino is widely used as a pasture legume, experiments show it is efficient in fixing nitrogen and can be used effectively in many cases as a green manure crop. said the Agriculture Department had threatened to.move the cotton grading laboratory to Pine Bluff because present facilities were considered inadequate. Penick said, however, that Griffin Realty Co. of Little' Rock has signed a five-year lease with the government for $13,125 annual rental with an option to renew for another five years. The cotton grading laboratory serves 69 counties in Arkansas. The laboratory examines and grades cotton for farmers without charge. Oliver Displays New Tractors Five Models Feature 7-1 Compression Ratio Now on display at Farmers Implement Co., here are representative models of an entire -new fleet of Oliver tractors. There are five new Olivers in all Including the popular general purpose models — the Super 66 77 and 88. .. The Super 55, an all purpose 2-3 plow model, was announced last September. The Oliver diesel engine, available for all five sizes,-has always been a 100 percent diesel and needs no special fuel, starting quickly on diesel fuel alone, the company points out. All tractors have, six forward speeds and double-disc differential br-'-es. They also have independently- controjled power take-offs. Compression ratio in the new gasoline engines has been increased to 1 to 1, a new high for farm tractors. STAR FARMER — Clay Manuel, son of Mr. and Mrs. Roy C. Manuel of Luxora, has won the star chapter farmer award in leadership and scholarship. He is a sophomore and has an "A" average. He's also active in athletics. You're Invited See and Try NOW Better Farming — More Profit For You Tune In lh* Notional Fann and Horn. Hour — Ev.iy Saturday — NBC S«l(S AND ERS ) I / BYRUM IMPLEMENT, Hardware, & Seed Company Blytheville, Ark. Ph. 3-4404 Announcing... FARMERS SOYBEAN CORP- Now handling complete line of Visit "The Home of Sudden Service' Ph.3-8191 N. Broadway & Hution St*. For More Profitable Results .: The MASTER MIX WAY Cat Comes Back REARDAN, Wash. W) — Hoowr the alley cat who wouldn't Uke no for an answer ii back hom« and they're going to let him «tay. Homer showed up at the Lawii McKay house here six inonthj ago. The family already had a couple of cats but they let him §t«y tar awhile, Last month, though, th«y gave him to a Garfleld, Waah. cou- pie. Then Homer came back. H* apparently walked the 60 mllei from Garfleld. The McKays say they will keep him now. Distributor! of American Cyanamid Fertilizer in Northeast Arkansas and Southeast Missouri The PAUL D. FOSTER c.. Blytfieville Warehouse Ph. 3-3418 Prevent Soil Acidity CYANAMID SUPPLIES LIME AND 20% LONG-LASTING NITROGEN IN ONE APPLICATION In each ton of Cyanamid there is a one-ton equivalent of ground limestone to neutralize soil acidity and supply calcium. Cyanamid put out now will supply nitrogen right through to harvest I Cyanamid I • also helps . I fast rotting of I | crop res/dues I I ... builds I ' soil humus. I DtHa Farmers Have Proved that Cyanamid te AGRICULTURE'S MOST USEFUL FORM OF NITROGEN Ca'/r our D«af •!-... Order Now AMKfi/FAV COMfANY 'UtftfecMtM

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