The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on March 15, 1938 · Page 4
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March 15, 1938

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Tuesday, March 15, 1938
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PAGE FOUR. THE DAILY COURIER, CONNELl/SVILLE, PA. TUESDAY, JIARCH 15, 193S. (Emirer THE COURIER COMPANY , James J. Driscoll . R. A. Donegan Walter S. Stlmmol James M. Driscoll J. Wylie Drizcoll ; Publisher --President and General Manager ... Secretary nnd Treasurer Editor ,,_ Associate Editor -Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau ot Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents pe? copy; 60 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by moil it paid in advance. Entered as second class matter at the Fostofflce, Connellsvlllc, Pa. TUESDAY EVENING, MAKCH IS, 1938. UIIIEB AIWEXES AUSTRIA. WHAT SEXTJ Hitler has taken over Austria. By force? Thirty to 50 thousand German soldiers, with airplanes and tanks, have swarmed o?er the land. Do the people like it? Press reports tell of factories working overtime nnd still unable to meet the demand for Nazi emblems; of tremendous crowds In the streets of Vienna and other cities acclaiming the new order. Dispatches fail to tell us whether the enthusiasm is all German or part Austrian. The only terror they speak of is among-the Jews and the outstanding anti- i-Nazls. - At any rate "the coup has been accomplished, wlth- ' out bloodshed, save for murders by roving Nazi bands. So ..far as the story goes troops have not been called into action. Hitler has proclaimed the Austrian republic part of the German Reich. There is'.to be.nothing to stop the union. Britain and France stand by helpless. Italy approves. 11 -Duce has been assured the absorption of territory, so far as he-is concerned,-will stop at the Italian border. ·There is to be a plebiscite--a secret one, says Hitler-on April 10 "regarding Austria's union with the German Reich." Secret, but backed by the presence of thousands of rifles, machine guns and tanks. The result can be announced in advance. The fireworks may be set off with Hitler's next expected move, the annexation, or attempted, of Czechoslovakia. What will Prance do then? What will Britain do? These are questions the world would like to have answered. Indignation is at a high pitch in both sides of the English Channel. Anything can happen. EXPERT UJRGES COSl'ItOL OF EKOSIOX Experts from the agricultural departments ot state colleges of the country, among them Pennsylvania State, are preaching the gospel of conservation of the surface of the land in an effort to reduce the loss of three billion tons of soil that Is washed every year into {streams, much of it into the oceans. A Penn State representative, Prof. E. A. Cooper, who was in the county to attend a Grange meeting, gave the Rotary Club an insight into the tremendous annual loss at the club luncheon Thursday. The Mississippi and its tributaries, among them our Yough, carry down 400 million tons annually. It requires erosion of rock over a period of 300 years to build up an inch of soil, said Mr. Cooper. It is estimated floods wash away that much in a single year. "Unless they do as we do,- pump our water supply from the river, communities should be vitally interested in erosion control, Mr. Cooper said, because, among other things silt clogs their reservoirs and piles up expense. Hundreds of abandoned farms dot the Keystone State, not because they are worn out, but because they have been washed away--either by sheet erosion or the kind that -gouges out gullies such as are a common sight In the coke region, where protecting grass has been destroyed. Farmers .from year to year plow up subsoil and expose rocks, not because they are plowing deeper but because the surface soil is being washed away through improper farming methods. To overcome, or reduce, erosion Mr. Cooper Is urging strip farming of sloping land. This involves alternate strips of sod or wheat and cultivated crops, such as corn, to slow the flow of rainfall. Thirty to 40 years ago farmers who resorted to strip farming were called crazy. Not so today.. Their farms are fertile, while nearby ones are abandoned, because the surface h?s been washed somewhere, perhaps to the Gulf of Mexico or into Chesapeake and Delaware bays. , ' For land too steep and too much worn down to be longer farmed, planting trees is advocated. The State will provide enough seedlings for an acre at a cost of $2.50. Farmers will do well to heed the advice of the college experts who have made deeper study of problems than the tiller of the soil can possibly make. . STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Douglass, D. D. GIVE ME A real estate'man was talk- Ing to a young woman and trying to convince her that she and her husband should own their own home. "Why should I own a home?" said the young woman. "I was born in a hospital, educated In a college, courted in an automobile, married In a church. My husband and I cither ent our meals in restaurants or live out of delicatessen shops. In the morning I play golf; in the afternoon bridge; my evenings · I spend in the movies. When I die I shall be buried from an undertaking establishment. All I need is a garage." Many people are asking today A GARAGE what is the mutter with America? One thing desperately the matter with'it is that too many people are living this way. We are intended to live in homes. Marriage is'most happy when it is most stable. Most divorces arc not the result of any of ihe ! charges which one of the parties ' makes against another, put I purely because the contracting parties have got desperately sick and tired of each other. It Is not to be wondered at when they live in a way that would shnmc the gypsies. Stability nay seem rather prosy and uninteresting to some, but people can never be happy without H. As Others Think REMEMBER LITTLE PARAGUAY (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.) Several times the Post-Gazette has emphasized that, sm;ll as Czcchoslo- Today in Washington By DAVID LAWRENCE All rights reserved--Babson Newspaper Syndicate. What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON, D. C., Mar. 15.-"It is obvious," says Chinese Ambassador C. T. Wang, "that American sympathizers arc predominantly with my country as against Japan. "Nevertheless. I have been a bit disappointed by the Red Cross. "To be sure, the Red Cross folk offered aid to China and the Japanese alike. 1 do not mean military aid. I moan aid to civilian war sufferers. Japan declined. She could afford to do so, for she has not been invaded. China has; so we accepted. But the Red Cross seems to have considered Japan's refusal as equivalent to a Chinese refusal also. "Anyway, Red Cross contributions to China have been very scanty, to put it mildly. This is notwithstanding the fact that President and Mrs. Roosevelt both have issued appeals in China's behalf. 'It almost appears that the Red Cross has discouraged gifts for the relief of victims of the terrible strife in the Orient. 1 suppose there is a feeling that too exuberant a display of solicitude for China alone might be interpreted as unneutrnl. "Well, as I have said, I have been disappointed." In the News Bricl Comment on Current Events Here and There. \ J. SLOW MOTION AT JUKRISBUBG '- \ -\ Three cheers for the spunk of a Pittsburgh girl, who, fighting her arrest for driving without a license, has shown it is the slow motion of the Department of Revenue at Harrisburg which is responsible. The girl, Ruth Bowman of Jloimt Lebanon, laid before a justice of the peace who fined her $10, evidence to prove these facts: That her application was sent to Harrisburg February 20; that the arrest took place 12 days after her check was cashed at llarris- · burg: that it was back in the bank in Pittsburgh March 2, a week beiore the State policeman nabbed her. She verified the last fact by calling a bank cashier. Returning home from the justice's office she found her licenbe in the mail box--16 days after she had sent in hor application. The department at Harrisburg has admitted it was slow in issuing licenses during the final week. Why, was not explained. What makes Ruth Bowman the more indignant is that Commissioner of Motor Police Percy Poote had on March 3 allowed a week of grace. Ruth demands return of her ten spot. She has appealed to Um Allegheny county court for relief. She should have it. Bullskin fownship has lost a valuable citizen in the death of Israel P. Crossland. Not many of the citizens would recognize him by that name. But as "Painter" he was known far and wide. Ever a booster of his home township, Mr. Crossland took an active part in its affairs. For 18 years he was road supervisor. His appearance belied his age of 74 years. .John S. Thorpe's 245 pounds came to his aid when a thug tried to hold him up Saturday In a store at Perryopolis, of which he is the manager. Going into immediate action as the thug pointed a gun at him Mr, Thorpe knocked it aside and made a dash for the intruder. The latter's lesser avoirdupois helped him in n getaway, when repeated threats with the gun failed to halt the manager. The would-be robber raced to a car parked nearby and dashed off in the direction of Pittsburgh. AND WHY NO CREDITS? "Another thing," continued the ambassador, "it strikes me that China perhaps should have been granted credits for its campaign against invasion. "It is traditional that the word of ,1 Chinese 3s as good as his bond. Nationally we are the same way. China never has defaulted on a debt." (Some countries have.) "I should think," added the Chinese representative, "that our credit ought to be pretty good." JAPANESE FEELING EFFECT? Recent dispatches are to the effect that the Japanese arc making fresh peace overtures toward China. "This is the fourth time they have done so," said Ambassador Wang. "Their resources arc giving out." How soon will they GIVE out? "1 wish 1 knew," replied the ambassador, "but they will give cut sooner than ours." Japan is trying to set up « puppet Chinese government in Nanking, .similar to the government of Man- chukuo, under Japanese control. Will it work? "Absolutely no." answers the Chinese ambassador. But suppose China does, in the long run, beat the Japanese, and drive them out of China "proper?" Then what about Manchukuo? "It will become," replied Ambassador Wang, "a buffer state, between China, Russia nnd Japan--like Austria, was in Europe. But it will be Chinese mainly." H is discouraging to he.-ir ahout more "buffer states"--but thnt is what the ambassador said. Governor Earle's decision that investigation of the charges of political Influence In handling Civil Service appointments from Fayette county failed to show there was "unfairness or fraud" has not satisfied the complainant, Senator Anthony Cavalcante. He's -still on the warpath. The Governor's decision was "contrary to sworn testimony," the senator asserts. As to the Governor, he says the incident is closed. Time will tell. The senator says he's going to make public the sworn evidence. A political campaign is under way. vakia mny be, with its population around only 14,000,000, it would be no "push-over" for any nation, accepted as a matter of course, ever, that , if it were attacked by Nazi Germany, France would rush to its aid. But as pointed out by Sir Herbert Ames, Canadian statesman, while on a visit here, the Czechs arc in a position to put up a stilt battle in their own right. Nazi forces, lie said, would meet the resistance of the most efllcient military machine in the world today. "Most of the European nations," he continued, "are now using artillery discarded by the Czechoslovakian army." While the army in service is comparatively small, the country has had preparedness conscription since 1018, with the result that there now are 1,000,000 reserves "ready lor instant duty." And speaking of the fighting possibilities of small nations it is always well to remember little Paraguay. Some 70 years ago it gave an illustration of a country that would fight to the last man. It took-Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay combined five years to defeat their little adversary. When Paraguay started it had a population of 1,337,000; at the end it had only 221,000, of whom 86,000 were children under 15. PEDESTRIAN RIGHTS (Indianapolis News.) In addition to fines and jail sentences on charges ot intoxication and driving a car while in that condition a motorist was fined $1 and costs for failure to give a pedestrian the right of way. Conviction on the third cl- fcnse is something o£ an event in Indianapolis. It drew from Lieut McCarty of the police accident prevention bureau the comment thai motorists must learn to protccl pedestrians, especially elderly persons, "who can't run and jump." In these cases the driver was said to have been drunk. That may have had something to do with his failure to observe pedestrian rights, bui thousands of sober motorists violate the same provision of the city traffic code, apparently with impunity, tx- cept at intersections having automobile signals, or where a policemui directs traffic, pedestrians have ih right of way. At any rccognh:c cross walk, where a pedestrian ha: stepped down from the curb and started to cross, motorists must The Payctte county tax levy for 1038 remains unchanged from that of 1937, or 14 mills, the commissioners have announced. It is based on budgetary requirements of $1,108,150, as against $1,037,608 lor the preceding year, which means the commissioners were put to some effort to mnkc ends meet ana not increase the taxation cost. Facfographs U. S. wildlife scientists report that summer hand-feeding of park deer often results in their loss of the ability to find forage during winter months. An efficient system for shorthand writing in the Greek language existed more than 2,000 years ago. until he has reached a safety zone o: the opposite side of the street. Ttv code prohibits right turns when Fig nals invite pedestrians to proceed. Attempts to discourage jay-walk ing and to force motorists to hect pedestrians at regular intersection have failed. The downtown traffi lights were to be changed to giv pedestrians an interval of their owr but the board of safety declined t approve the proposal. Matters c policy do not affect the code. It provisions continue in force, and th driver who strikes a pedestrian wh has the right of way may 6c fine and discover that he is liable fo damages. Imposing a fine for thi offense may mark the beginning of new era In the enforcement of train regulations. The longest underground canal J the world flows through the Tunn du Rove connecting the port Marseilles with Martlgucs, Caront and Port do Bouc, France. The cans is more than four and one-half mik long, 58 feet broad, and 13 feet dee SEW DEAL BUSINESS SHIFT SEEX .'. Two bits of news emanating from Washington should interest business. Senator Pat Harrison of the Senate Finance Committee has pledged his best efforts to have the Senate kill ; the undistributed'profits tax and modify thu capital gains tax. "lf_I interpret the-sentimcnt of the Senate correctly,";: said the senator, '.'It desires to do justice and give encouragement to business. I know that is the sentiment of the'Finance Committee." The United States Chamber of Commerce in its bi- · weekly summary of business contained those words: "Signs" that a" more conservative trend (in the Ad-" ministration attitude) is under way and gaining momentum 'are {becoming more apparent. There is greater resistance to""more.reforms and experiments; greater public insistence upon'an accounting, and appraisal of the experiments now Tn-dpefation-and-a-greater willingness in Congress to correct "legislative deficiencies that have stood In the way of business progress." · . "'.".-Big-business.and little have only asked to be given a. chance." "FIGHTING WORLD'S 1SATTLE" How about China?--if it wins over the Japanese?--as n tremendously posverful democratic state, across the. Pacific from the United States, to the westward? "First," insisted the ambassador, "the Japanese military machine has got to be destroyed. The Japanese PEOPLE arc all right. I like them. Their militarists are the folks who must be extinguished. "China, mind you," he emphasized, "is fighting the world's battle for democarcy." London fire fighters carry asbestos umbrellas to protect them when working near flames. WASHINGTON, Mar. 15.--When i the undistributed surplus taxes as a I death sentence for prudence and thrift and saving. It, therefore, wants the tax completely erased from the present law, principle and all. The showdown is here. The vote on this issue will moke the record for the coming campaign. Mr. Roosevelt has refused to agree to repeal. But Congress shows signs of listening to business men. For, after all, if business men cannot operate their businesses and they arc laying off workers because their books show red ink and orders are cancelled right and left, isn't it fair logic that maybe a Congress which will business get better'.' That's a question millions of peo- "'"it'ls i P' c wou 'd like to have answered, and · how- vct thc samc millions o£ People are ' " the only ones who have the answer, though perhaps many of them do not realize it yet. , Business will get better some time after the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November of this year. The date can be fixed rather preciie- y because an event of transcendent mportanco to the American economic ·stem will take place at that time. The event, of course, is the regular ections to the Congress of the nited States, but its significance this me \vill be non-partisan and eco- omlc rather than personal or poli- cal. Already the drift is apparent. For everal months, business men have cen complaining that employment nd credit and market conditions and verything else depends on substitut- ng certainty for uncertainty. Now vcrybody knows that there is no uch thing as "certainty" about the uture, but there is something very pecific and concrete about a cer- linty of principle. This translates .self today into the issue of whether rivate property and private business ·; to be safe from confiscation and estruction, whether public owner- hip and state socialism are^to sup- ilant private business and whether he judicial and legislative branches f our government are to become ubordinate to the will of one man irecisely as happens under Hltlcrism. It's the assurance that private nitiativc can go ahead, that Investors can lend their savings through bond ssucs and other capital security of- 'erings, which is most desired today by the business world before the usual risks incident to investment of capital and expansion can be taken Proot that this is basic in the business situation today may be found in .he growing change In psychology among business men in the last few days. To what is the slight change due? Well, a majority of the House of Representatives, composed of Repub- ieans and Independent Democrats last week turned down the latcs proposal from the President to sabotage the system of private initiative and thrift. That proposal, in brief was that a "father and son or some other relative who built up a busines; must pay a penalty in taxes a: against business that is owned by many stockholders. Also Senator Harrison, chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, Democrat, has just announced tha the undistributed profits tax must b repealed outright and that he be lieves the Senate will not accept th proposal of the House Ways an Means Committee that the "princi pie" of this tax be saved. It's the principle of the thing tha has provoked the ire of business mci to the point where the;? have abou lost faith in the Roosevelt Adminis tration's willingness to preserve th private initiative system. This los of faith has been occasioned by th fact that, notwithstanding an almos nation-wide protest against the un distributed profits tax, the Administration ordered its henchmen in Congress to save the "principle." But a retention of the "principle" means that, at any time, a President-controlled Congress can revise the actual rates upward, no matter how low they arc placed today to placate present opinion. This is uncertainty with a vengeance. Business considers listens to what the actual managers Continued on Page Five. Just Folks By EDGAR A. GUEST THE MOTOR HORN Now fcon." he rcmnrkcd. "uicrcs B horn on the cor, But remember, it's neither a doorbell nor brake, Vhen you're paying a call, do not sit where you flre And honk for your girl, but lor decency's sake Get out of your scat and walk up to her door .nd don't be a horn-Wowlnc neighborhood boor. 'There are places and limes when the horn should be blown. But foolish to trust to its screaming you are. For -whatever the type of the horn you may own And however you blow it, K won't stop the carl 'n that moment ot danger when life Is at ·take Remember you can't use the horn for a brake. 'There are doorbells on houses for catters to ring. There arc brakes to be used Just for cutting down speed. That horn on the car Is an over-worked tiling. And that's why I'm hoping this warning you'll heed. Drive with caution, my son, and don't make the mistake OI using the horn for a .*oorbcll or brake," Money Loaned ON YOUR AUTOMOBILE UNPAID BALANCES RE-FINANCED $ 25 to *300 Co// or See Us If You Xeed Money For Any Emergency Moderate Repayments Fayette Loan Co. 510 Title Trust Co. Bldg. Coiincllsville, Pa. Telephones 244-866 BONDED TO THE STATE Convenient Service Prompt, Courteous, In the South Sea islands, a man seeking a wife wears a white flower over his car. Christopher Columbus founded the first colony in Central America, Costa Rica, in 1502. Glass eyes are worn by approximately 240,000 persons in the United States. Stray Thoughts By S. M. DeHUFF J":vcr judge a man's importance by the number of pencils and pens in his vcbt pocket. Jus,t in case the city street department doesn't know it, a Falrview avenue resident asks me to say that you can't exactly play pool or billiards, or roll duckpins on that thoroughfare. There's a season for everything, and for New Deal WPA jobs and projects it's usually just before a primary or general election. Af! r getting a close-up ot him, one feels justified in demanding T. D. Gardner produce" his birth certificate. "What's in a name?" can be applied to airports same as anything else. Next to its political activities, and holding boisterous parading conventions, apparently the chief objective of the American Legion is developing big time ball players since the editor of its national monthly magazine refused to print a local post-sponsored story about Gene Hasson because, as he writes: "There are about two hundred American Legion Junior Baseball Leaguers who have graduated into the major leagues and it does no' seem practical to single out one for a full-length story" With all the various forms of relief, it does not seem exactly right that a fellow should be arrested for trying to earn an honest dollar. This town is more in need of a S300 industry than a 6300,000 munitions cache. A lot of people will tcl! ou that the beauty parlor has completely supplanted the barber shop as a centre for the discussion of local "current events." Sweeping leaves on a windy day is another household las!: that'll never get my vote. That new tax bill promises no relief for a certain class of "closely held corporations," commonly known as a fellow's home. Wonder if the G-men could ferret out why n news dealer discovered the sports section mysteriously missing from the three Saturday Sun- Tele's I was about to buy Sunday morning? Let's go to press. Golden Yellow BANANAS 6 !b. 25c Florida · GRAPEFRUIT 6 for 25c Red Delicious APPLES 7 Ibs. 25c Stayman Wlncsap APPLES 10 Ibs. 25c Medium POTATOES 2pks.35c Welt Bleached CELERY stalk 5c Hollow Crown PARSNIPS pound 5c ESCAROLE 3lbs.25c Larce Klpe TOMATOES 2IIU9C FRUIT MARKET 137 W. Crawford Ave. THE NATIONAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY of Connellsville STATEMENT OF CONDITION MARCH 1,1938 RESOURCES Bonds and Securities 1,357,627.69 Cash and Due From Banks $ 535,871.89 Loans and Discounts 338,429.48 Other Resources Income Earned but Not Due .. Furniture and Fixtures Overdrafts 1,361.12 12,824.94 5,996.08 2.43 $2,252,113.63 LIABILITIES Capital $ 125,000.00 Surplus . 90,000.00 Undivided Profits 40,353.83 Reserves 10,270.68 Other Liabilities 3,926.81 Deposits 1,982,562.31 $2,252,113.63 MEMBER FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION

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