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PAGE FOUR. THE DAITvT COURIER, CONNBLL.SVILLB, PA. SATURDAY, MARCH 25, 1030. (lilt? Satig (ttourca* THE COURIER COMPANY James J. Driscoll R. A. Doncgan _ .( Walter S. Stimmclj James M. Driscoll J. Wylie Driscoll ...-- Publishers President and (ft-neral Manager Secretary and Treasurer Editor Associate Editor Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION HATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; S5 per year, or S2.50 for six months by mail it paid in advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter .at the Postofficc, Connellsville, Pa. SATURDAY EVENING, MARCH 25, 1939 MINOR JUDICIARY HEKORJt The so-called squire reform bill introduced in the State Senate, by Senator .Robert Lee Jacobs, Democrat, of Carlisle would drastically reorganize the minor judiciary-the justices of the peace and aldermen. The measure would reduce the number of such magistrates to a maximum ot 20 in each county. Fayette county is now entitled to 119 --one for each election precinct, including the city -wards. Inasmuch as the maximum of 20 would apply to the more populous townships, the number in Fayette would probably be much smaller. The Jacobs bill would fix salaries thus: Counties of the first and second class, $4,000; third class, $3,500; fourth class, ?3,000; fifth class, $2,500; sixth class, S2.000; seventh and eighth classes, 51,500. Fayette is in the fourth class. The salary would be $3,000. Conuellsville has seven aldermen, but only three of them are said to be active. One of the number is authority for the statement that the incomes of all under the fee system is far short of one $3,000 salary proposed by Jacobs. .According to his estimates the. aggregate is something like 'half of the salary set up. Some XJniontown aldermen have incomes much larger, by reason that many cases from other places are transferred to the countyseat. Most lawyers have their headquarters there. They want cases in which they are retained heard before magistrates of the county capital, because of the greater convenience, to them. The Jacobs bill would do away with, the fee system. Instead of costs being restricted to persons involved in litigation.they would be shouldered on the people at large. That is the county would pay the salaries. It is probably safe to say the majority of the people go through life without necessity of the services of any of the minor judiciary. Yet they would have to help share the burden. Of course in this they would bo In the same class as the taxpayer without children assessed school tax and the public at large for the major judiciary--the county courts. Gradually as their terms expire aldermen and justices Â·would be retired. Their successors would be "learned in the law," in other words lawyers. Many a Fayette barrister would be willing to give up his practice to become a justice of the peace at $3,000 a year, plus office supplies, it Is said. MORE TAXES, RATHER THAtf LESS Disregarding the general clamor in business and industry for tax revision, extraordinary demands of the. farm bloc in Congress present the possibility of an increase instead of the decrease we were led to believe in the early weeks of the session might be possible. Members of the farm bloc are attempting to boost benefit payments to the farmers beyond budget estimates. This can only add to the burden of other classes. American business, earning a fraction of what it did in 1929, is paying almost twcie as much in taxes. The increased load is illustrated by the following figures: In 1929, with volume at record-breaking levels, business taxes amounted to $1,235,733,000. In 1939, with business not so good, they will amount to 52,124,275,000, on the basis of official estimates. Ten years ago corporation income taxes produced a revenue of $1,235,733,000. Today corporation income taxes are producing an estimated $926,000,000, or more than $300,000,000 less than they produced back in 1929. . . Ten years ago there were no pay-roll taxes. Today taxes on pay rolls are yielding an estimated $1,198,175,000, or about. $27.2,0.00,000 more than all of the corporation income taxes are yielding. .. ' " ' As a result of pay-roll taxes, the tax load of American business is nearly one-billion dollars larger than the load carried in the last boom.year."..:" . ." A STATE ^RESPONSIBILITY The Pennsylvania Association for the Blind is actively supporting House Bill 500, designed to eradicate blindness in this State from, ophthalmia neonatorum, or "babies' sore eyes." - - ' ' .--. ' -' The disease is caused by infection, usually gonorrheal, at the time of birth. States having adequate .legislation-requiring the reporting of ophthalmia neonatorum and treatment with the simple and effective methods discovered GO years ago have virtually eliminated this source of needless blindness. Pennsylvania, however, because of an unenforceable ' reporting law passed in 1913, with no provision for treatment, still has one of the highest rates of blindness in the United States due to this disease. The proposed changes in the present ineffective law will greatly aid in the prevention, of needless blindness by: 1. Providing-an adequate system for reporting all cases of "babies' sore eyes." 2. Fixing the responsibility for investigation of such cases. 3. Strengthening the authority of the State Department of Health in the administration of the law and securing prosecution for violation. "With added advantage doctors have been given in"' the past fe\v months in the use of sulfanilamide there is no excuse: for a babe being exposed to blindness because of gonorrhea! i n f e c t i o n . It is said to be a sure specific. COURT HITS I'llOFITISG FROM CRIME A decision of more than u n u s u a l importance is that of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in ruling that a woman convicted of murder in the first degree--willful killing-has no legal right to share her husband's estate. The ruling is in line with common sense. Anyone who will deliberately kill anybody else should not be considered a beneficiary of the victim's possessions. The lower court was ot the same mind, having dismissed the claim. The supreme tribunal took the stand that a person is not to be permitted to profit by his own wrongdoing, particularly by his own crime, meaning in this in- si.ince a woman. THE "JOE SAP" SEASON What's What At a Glance STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Douglass, D. D. NEWSBEHIN THE HEWS JL A .!.*Â« 1 T _ Ao-.u'.UTOrt, hlar. 25. -- Mr. Roosevelt seemed to wash his hands of lax appeasmentJ Afterward, a senator who had been working more or less directly with the White House on the appeasement program, told a friend: "It looks like the President r.as been stringing me along." The senator is not the only one complaining. Dozens .oÂ£ officials have been wailing similarly. No more surface confusion ever attended Government policy making. But on the inside, surmises as to what happened are quite clear. Apparently, Mr. Roosevelt first thought a tax appeasement program would be a good idea, to stimulate business, to boost the stock market, to attest the new friendliness toward business. But when the idea failed to go over well he decided to go slow on it and is covering his retreat with well managed confusion. Nothing could better illustrate the workings of Government than this tax case. First mention of the subject came from Mr. Roosevelt. When he left for naval maneuvers he said no increase in taxes would be necessary this session. Treasury Secretary Morganthau followed up immediately by disclosing the Treasury (meaning his a.'isistant, John Hanes) was ntudy- corporate tax new lux system on tile country for wartimes--$833 on a ?4,000 income; $2,650 on a $10,000 income; 98 per cent on incomes of 31,000,000, etc. IÂ£ you are a worker earning $4,000 a year you would be taxed $833 svcn if you never got a nickel oÂ£ profit out of war. Some of those 50 senators listed as joint authors oÂ£ the bill weren't. At least two could be named who had not read the bill. A lot of the 50 "co-authors" were amazed to read in the newspapers Continued on Page Six. Sidelights IT DOESN'T TAT TO WAIT By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. The Washington Administration's opinion is that Herr Hitler has bitten off more than he can chew, as the saying is. He's an ambitious biter, but the White House suspects that this time he'll choke on his own mouthful unless he's left to masticate it very gradually. And the notion is to joggle and annoy him until he strangles. Dropping the metaphor, can't he be bothered, just as he's trying to swallow, to such an extent that I his home folks will put an extinguisher on his greed, regardless of any effort by outsiders? Thai's the thought back of Treasury Secretary Morgenthau's order slapping a 25 per cent punitive tariff upon a lot of German imports into this country. The intention is to make the Berlin dictator gag and regurgitate over his Czecho-Slovakian gobble. While he's doing so he isn't likely to have breath to do any additional gobbling. In fact, he may have to let go of what he's got already. AdolE himself is authority lor the statement that Germany must "export or die." Our punitive tariff policy's purpose is to throw a crimp into the fatherland's exports, letting the Teutons die, as per the Hitlerian srediction. "Why," as Chairman =ittman of the Senate Foreign Hela- Jons Committee has asked, "take the trouble to shoot a man when you can more easily starve him to death?" Not that there is an inclination to starve Germany - death. The plan is to starve it into jettisoning Herr Hitler. Program a Legal One. It's a legal program. Our tariff law permits us to impose penalties against countries that are subsidizing exports into the United States, which ermany is trying to do, into the U. S. and elsewhere, under its barter dickers. While our anti-German punitive tariff order actually was issued by Secretary Morgenthau, it-goes almost without saying that it was in line with President Roosevelt's utterance to -the effect that- there are "many methods .short of war" to bring to the attention', of "aggressive governments the sentiments of our people." The decree.has Secretary of State Hull's and . Attorney General Murphy's o. k. I think it has:the bulk of Congress' likewise. True,.it's a bit safer for us to take "sassy" attitude toward Germany than it is for Britain and France, which, have capitals subject to air raids from Berlin. Still, London and Paris seem to be about at the end of their patience. So does Moscow. So, too, do "several little peoples, like the Dutch, Swiss and Rumanians. I don't think the Yugoslavians, the Poles or 'the Hungarians feel any too secure in Germany's neighborhood either. As for South America, we already have Brazil lined up on our side, ar.d some others of those republics our way. In short, Germany economically can be isolated. And it can't -stand it. No Haw Materials. In raw materials Germany is poor. It has xvorkers and machinery. II has the equipment to turn out finished products, but nothing to produce them from. It has the labor and plants for slufl to employ them on. It's left marking time otherwise. It has plenty of exports of manufactured goods to export--if it has anything to manufacture them from. It's acquired some raw material areas in Czechoslovakia, but the populations of these areas are largely ami-German--meaning domestic difficulties. Hence: Isn't Herr Hitler due for internal friction pretty speedily? There's r.o especial reason why the Japanese should be classed as anti- German--except that the Japs took advantage of the World War to take Kiau-Chau, on the Chinese east coast, away from the Kaiser; that might have left a sore spol. But perhaps Herr Hitler can forget it. As lo relations between Hitler and Is a deathbed repentance ever valid? It certainly is. But it is also very dangerous to wait thnt long. Ninety-nine out oÂ£ every one hundred deathbed repent- ances constitute a futile attempt to do something that one never really intended to do and that one is only pretending to do now in order to avoid punishment. It is possible for a man to repent on his deathbed, but lew men do. Most people who have lived a life of sin have neither the disposition nor the willpower to give it up at the end of a long life, and particularly not when every power of body, mind, and spirit is racked and debilitated by disease. "One was saved u ion the cross," the old divinrj used to tell us, "that none might despair; and only one that none might presume." The dying thief went with his Master into paradise, but he was the only one of that multitude surrounding the cross who hadn't waited too long. The youth who will sow wild oats now and settle down later may find there will be no "later." The man who will not bother himscIC with thought about God until the shadows lengthen, may (md himself confronting God by mid-afternoon. Now is the appointed time; now is the day of salvation. All right* reserved--Babson Newspaper Syndicate. Stray Thoughts By S. M. DeHUET Personally, I think we've . got enough artificiality and make-believe in this country today without adding daylight saving time. If you're down around the B. O. just now you'll As Others Think AN INTRICATE PROBLEM (Johnstown Democrat.) John L, Lewis, if he is to ."save the coal industry," must sell the rank and file of his organization not only an economic program but also an allotment of economic knowledge. ing revision ot the structure. Harry forth with his Iowa speech hinting further at b'usiness tax appeasement. The left wing crowd in the New Deal was indignant. For a week or so the left-tip men murmured that Hopkins' speech was a failure. In truth, the market went off instead of up. Business had not been howling about taxes, did not improve. Tommy Corcoran, presidential adviser, ill for weeks, began to get busy on the telephone from his hospital bed. His brair.-twin, Ben Cohen, became active. Their resentment reached a culmination when Cohen took Hanes to lunch one :ioon about two weeks ago at the Washington Hotel, and Hopkins and Assistant Commerce Secretary Patterson, came over from a nearby table. One version has it that Cohen told Hanes "the Administration would not stand" for his appeasement plan, and that Hanes replied: "Who is the Administration?" At any rate, the result was like that. The President, at his next press conference, talked altogether differently about taxes, saying it was "in the study stage" and no one could tell what would happen. Administration columnists began denying there was "an Inside battle" over tax appeasement. Corcoran left town to recuperate. Treasury men became jubiiant again, saying, they wera confident the President would espouse their program. IJext, ahd last, the President indicated the tax matter was Senator Pat Harrison's baby, not his. The day before fire swept the Paul Kmetz home at Brookvale, cremating two children and severely burning the father and another child, Dames destroyed a large barn en. tiie J. H. Tissue farm on Limestone Hill in Dunbar township, causing a heavy loss in hay, grain and farming machinery in addition to the large building. But there is a drop of human kindness and sympathy in the heart of man which goes out to others in grief, though himself haid hit by fate. Though they suffered a heavy loss themselves, Mr. and Mrs. Hopkins came) Tissue believe in giving a helping hand to others in need and contributed to the cash fund being raised for the Kmetz family. 'The Daily Press of St Mary's Pa., had the following item: "We hear- Charlie McBride has patented an amplifier for old fiddles that will double tone volume." Mr. McBride, a former resident of Connellsville, has quite a reputation throughout the State for his fiddle playing ability. Fifty years of history of the First Christian Church at Greensburg will be celebrated Sunday. Last night there was a preparatory service at which Hev. Ben S. Johnson of Bluefield, W. Va., gave a historical sketch. Sunday's addresses will be by the pastor, Hev. H. Glenn Carpenter, in _ the morning, and Rev. Virgil L. Elliott, Mr. Carpenter's predecessor, in the evening. discover that it isn't only in political! The rank ar.d filers are disposed to - Â· Â· Â· do their thinking in direct and simple fashion. Since the income of Â· the miner is so low he can barely exist, the thing to do, the rank and filers say, is to raise wages and shorten hours. By shortening hours, they argue, more men will have more work and by raising wages more men will earn more money. Things are not likely to work out that way. In order to sell more coal, competitive conditions remaining as they are, it will be necessary to make price concessions. Shorter hours and higher wages will increase the price election campaigns that candidates hand out cigars. Why not be charitable and say that it is merely to save taxpayers the expense oC lettering and paint that motivates a certain law enforcement officer's objections to having our county owned and operated autos so designated? Was just wondering -- are "American" window blinds very popular over in Venice? 3n answer to an inquiry as to -why I confine all my criticism to the New Deal party, can only say that I feel that after a fellow's done the same thing to the G. O. P. for 25 years, he's entitled to a change. Add Moran Mack, the "Two Black Crows" of vaudeville and phonograph record fame, to that list of forgotten folks. Funny, isn't it, how many of I us look with horror on little kids goose-stepping with small wooden rifles over in European countries, without ever batting an eye at the toy-revolver-toting craze that seems lo be traveling with forest-fire speed among American youngsters. Thanks to that fellow for telling others that these comments should be taken with a grain of salt; I've known all along there was something that should go with them but didn't know just what. As much as I hate to say it, most of our churches could make out nowadays with much less seating accommodations. Today's supposed to be "Maryland Day"; just why, I don't know. Let's go to press. It is apparent that if Mr. Roosevelt backs out completely on taxes, Congress, in its present mood, might take up the Hanes program and pass it. Harrison, the Senate chairman, has been working with Hanes and with representatives of business and other organizations here in preparing the program. For that reason, it may be too early to accept fully [he official word now being passed in the House and Senate that "there will be no new tax program this session," With all factions involved in such a delicate situation, it is yet impossible to tell what will come out, if anything. With a. gift oÂ£ S200 in the will of Mrs. Annie Moore the movement toward erection oÂ£ the church was started in the late 1880s. A lot was secured at a cost oÂ£ 56,400--lots came high in those days--and in 1892 the church was dedicated, the total cost being $16,000. To meet needs for expansion, a new church was erected in 1919 at a cost oÂ£ $71,000, exclusive of the pipe organ a gift of Mrs. Jlizabeth StaufTer Moore. Ministers preceding Hev. Carpenter were; A. M. Harvuot (.two fears), A. M. Chamberlain (10 months), C. H. Humphry (one year), R. S. Latimer and P. Y. Pendleton (one year), F. F. Bullard (five years), F. F. Fuller (three months), W. H. Corter (/our years), N. W. Phillips (two years). Ben S. Johnson, two pastorates (10 years, two months), C. M. Smail (three years), D. Park Chapman (two years), J. E. Stuart (two years), I. Clifford Bucy (two years, four months), T. E. Tomerlin (two years, lour months), Virgil L. Elliott (six years, six months). Don't be misled by the false popular title of the bill "to take the profits out of war." It is a bill to take war- oÂ£ coal. The higher the price oÂ£ coal i money out oÂ£ the people. Profits GRANDPA GETS PUT IN PLACE May I hold the baby please? No! May I take him on my knees? No! May I bend down low to see K he recognizes me? Nurse says cross as she can be: No! May T rock him ju^t a bit? Â· . No! I At his basket may I sit? ; No! May 1 walk him to and fro? I'm his grandpa. Did you know? Does that matter? Yes or no? No! May I watch him getting food? No! At liia bath may I intrude? No! With his fingers may I play? I'm his grandpa, did I say? i Does that matte- anyway? No! HIS goes, the less the total annual earnings oÂ£ the miner will be. Put the pi-ice -of coal high enough and the market for it would disappear entirely. The practical problem facing the miners is the formulation oÂ£ wage and hour schedules which will produce the highest yearly earnings for have nothing to do with.it. If it were what it is supposed to be, it would confiscate all profits of corporations or individuals above a peace-time rate--that is say everything over six per cent, or the average for the previous few years. That would be taking the profits out of war. This bill, however, is not concerned even with To get a better insight into the bill in Congress aimed at "taking the profits out of war," read Paul Mallon today. He says the bill is not concerned at all with war profits; that it proposes an entirely new system of meeting war costs by tax on incomes, regardless of whether the taxee would profit or suffer from war. Mailon's lector is art this page. the miner. From the standpoint of that subject. It proposes to levy a the National economy, a wage-hour schedule which yielded 536 lor 36 hours would be better than one which paid S20 for, let us say, 12 hours. A high hourly rale is a delusion-unless it produces sufficient hours. The rank and filers are inclined to terminate the argument by saying, "Quit stalling. Boost the hourly rate and add the increased labor costs to the price of the product." This would be all very well--for the rank and filer--were it not for the consumer, who is invariably inclined to say, "Ho, hum. I see the price of coal has gone up. I guess I will use fuel oil, or natural gas, or power generated by hydro-electric plants." The fuel problem facing the country isn't solved by any means when the miners hand the operators a wage schedule and say, in effect, "There are our demands. When you fellows accede to them we will go to work and not until then." From the standpoint of. the industry, wages can be boosted only to the point where the increase begins to i curtail consumption. Labor can crowd in and absorb the proilts accruing to the operator--if any. But not even labor can improve its condition by insisting upon sharing a deficit. If you're interested in the Japanese cherry blossoms at Washington, the blossom festival committee says the trees will probibly be in full bloom about March 31--the end oÂ£ next week. The chilly weather of the last week retarded their open-, ing. Mussolini? Nobody who's followed the news can but guess that Adolf has '.00 per ceal euchred Benito, Facfographs A man took out the oddest insurance policy known. It insured him against the risk of seeing a ghost. In New York City professional beggers are said to collect around $50,000 a day. jVIarco Polo described air-conditioning on the Island of Ormus as early as 1275 A. D. MEN AND WOMEN who find it inconvenient to come to the bank in person we make this suggestion: BANK BY MAIL, This is the time-saving, step-saving way to make your deposits. Each transaction is given our careful, prompt attention. Connellsville Pa. M'cmher Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.