Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on August 31, 1975 · Page 1
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Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 1

Charleston, West Virginia
Issue Date:
Sunday, August 31, 1975
Page 1
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CITY EDITION GAZETTE-MAIL STATE FORECAST-Rain likely today through Monday. Highs in the 80s and lows near 70. Details on Page 2A. 35 Cents Charleston, West Virginia, Sunday Morning, August 31, 1975 «»T C O I i P L i T I N I W S P A P E t WITH T W O MEAT M * « * Z I M E i A N D WOOD'S l E t T C O M I C S Direct Oil Retailing Predicted The Prtu Some business and energy experts say the major oil companies soon will step forcefully into direct retail marketing of gasoline in a move which could seriously threaten competition in pump prices. For motorists, the immediate effe t could be to hold down gasoline prices if the companies attempt to buildup a high-volume business and eliminate competition, they say. But the experts warn that in a year or so the oil companies could drive dealers and small independent gasoline retailers out of business, leaving them free to raise prices as they please. "I'm afraid that as these companies move in with company-operated stations that the short-term price cuts will be offset by higher prices later -- that one person will be making the decision on pricing at a thousand stations,!' said William | Archer, director of the state energy office in Michigan. Meanwhile, Kuwait's minister of finance hinted Saturday that the 13-nation Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries might make no increase in prices before January even though its self- imposed "freeze" expires Sept. 30. Abdel Rahman Salem al-Atiqi, who was Kuwait's oil minister until earlier this year, also said in an hour-long interview that the prospect of a new troop disengagement accord between Israel and Egypt would cause the oil countries to be "more helpful and considerate" in pricing decisions taken at the cartel's Sept. 24 meeting in Vienna. "But not to retreat back to bring down prices," the minister added pointedly. Most oil companies won't discuss their retail marketing plans because they say its proprietary information. Most company spokesmen said they had no knowledge of company plans to replace franchises with company-run retail outlets. Some did indicate they, are examining new marketing techniques. James M. Patterson, a marketing professor at Indiana University, says that in conjunction with court actions in which he acted as an expert witness he has seen confidential company membs supporting the expectation that the major refiners plan to move quickly into direct retailing. In an interview with The Associated Press, Patterson said he expects the total number of service stations to drop to as low as 150,000 compared to 226,000 in 1973 and 193,000 this year. (Turn to Page ZA, Col. 4) U.S. Mediation In Coal Strike Being Sought By Rick Steelhammer Federal mediation on the issue of court injunctions is being sought by leaders of the United Mine Workers, following a meeting between Logan County local union presidents and international union officials in Charleston Saturday. See Chronology Page 12C of Miners' Strike on Water skiing behind the sternwheeler Mama Jeanne, owned by Lawson Hamilton of Lewisburg, is Ross Tuckwiller of Kanawha City. He's using special double width skis. (Staff Photo by Leo Chabot) U.S. Panel Monitors ·- ^ c c :. .... Appeal for U.S. Cables, Sources Say Teams in S inai (Q Time* Service WASHlNGTON-The National Security Agency eavesdrops on virtually all cable, Telex and other nohtelephbne communications leaving and entering the United States and uses computers to sort and obtain intelligence from the contents, sources familiar with the operations said Saturday. Democrat Aid Needed In Job Fight, Ford Says NEWPORT, R. I. (AP)-PresidentFord promised Labor Day weekend audiences Saturday that he would whip unemployment by helping business and said things would be a lot better if the Democrats would cooperate. "Of course, I am deeply concerned about the unemployment problem" Ford said in a television interview here. "But we have to try to rebuild the economy from an inflation-ridden economy a year ago to one that is solidly based so that over the next few months when we get better employment. . .we are not going to have a reigniting of inflation like we had a year ago," he added. The President, while pledging to enforce the law, also said forced busing of school children to achieve integration was not the way to quality education. »· AND FORD SAID he would not dump Vice President Rockefeller from his 1976 presidential ticket but left some vagueness about just what "dump" means. In stops in Maine and Rhode Island, Ford told crowds from union picnickers to are out of work," Ford told a damp and largely, silent crowd at an AFL-CIO field day driven indoors by rain in Augusta. He promised to do all he could to find jobs for the unemployed, but said he would veto any Democratic "stopgap programs conceived in panic." In Portland, Maine, Ford hit the Democrats again, complaining at a GOP fundraising luncheon that "so far, I have seen little compromise and less cooperation" from Congress. Ford also criticized Congress for failing to buy his energy package, saying the crisis was growing worse because "unfortunately, Congress has not acted." The agency's operations make it privy to the inner working of literally thousands of American and foreign corporations, as well as the private overseas telegrams of an untold number of American citizens. The process also means the NSA is able to intrude on the communications of news agencies and newspapers and communications of other governments. The NSA also conducts systematic intrusions on telephone communications in foreign countries and often picks up calls between U.S. citizens, these sources said. IN THE EARLY 1970s, it was NSA's .ability to monitor foreign cable traffic that provided much of its assistance to a secret Central Intelligence Agency surveillance of American political dissidents, these sources said. The NSA monitored the cable contacts between American antiwar groups and personalities and foreign governments and political groups. It provided material on former Atty. Gen. Ramsey Clark, among others, a source said. , NSA's contribution to the CIA's domestic surveillance program 'was mentioned cryptically in the report of the commission on the CIA headed by Vice President Rockefeller, which noted: "In addition, Operations Chaos received materials from an international communications activity of another agency of the government. The operation furnished a watch list of names to the other agency and received a total of approximately 1,100 pages of materials over-all." JERUSALEM UP) --. Israel and Egypt, nearing agreement on a nonagression pact, both appealed Saturday to the U.S. Congress to authorize American surveillance teams to help maintain peace in the Sinai Desert. But about 2,000 demonstrators gathered in central Jerusalem, waving placards that said the proposed agreement would endanger Israel's security. Menahem Begin, leader of the right- wing Likud opposition, told the protesters that American assurances of an adequate oil supply for Israel could be used as a lever to force Israel to make further concessions to the Arabs. He called oh the government to resign or. put the issue to a national referendum before signing. Israeli Foreign Minister Yigal Allon, in a state radio interview, said the agreement would serve American interests and '.'it is not too much to ask America to contribute in order to give extra confidence to both sides." It is believed that under the agreement, about 200 American technicians would man electronic surveillance posts between the Egyptian and Israeli lines. U.S. Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger, shuttling between Jerusalem and Alexandria, Egypt as he tries to get agreement on the pact, has said U.S. congressional approval would be required to provide the American teams. (Turn to Page 2A, Col. 1) The meeting was set up in an effort to resolve miners' problems that led to a three-week wildcat strike that has idled about 80,000 miners. »· UNION OFFICIALS held discussions behind closed doors in the Daniel Boone Hotel for about four hours with about 35 presidents of UMW locals in Logan County, where the strike began Aug. 11 over the firing of a union member for allegedly interfering with the management of a mine. Since then, protesting miners have used court injunctions and the right to strike as rallying points, as the work stoppage snowballed into seven states. Miners charge that coal operators use the federal courts to win injunctions against striking, rather than dealing with grievances as they occur at the mines. UMW Secretary-Treasurer Harry Patrick said after Saturday's meeting that he will call "on the federal mediation service today (Saturday) to set up a meeting as soon as possible between the United Mine Workers and the Bituminous Coal Operators Assn." In addition, Patrick announced that the Logan County local presidents " lected a committee of four to go to Washington to participate in this meeting to represent the feelings of the rank and file on this critical issue of court injunctions." Among the four men selected to serve on the panel was Sim Howze, the only miner jailed on contempt of court charges during the strike, for his refusal early in the work stoppage to order men in his local back to work. Other miners have received suspended sentences and fines. Also named to represent rank-and-file sentiment in the panel were Logan County local heads John Mendez, Roger Thompson and Chick Prater. PATRICK CAUTIONED that "we have no hopes of getting this meeting or beginning to solve the problems of court injunctions so long as the strike continues. I know some people may not want to hear this, but that is the truth." "The United Mine Workers is in a crisis at this moment," Patrick continued. "I believe that if the present strike continues any longer, the UMWA will be damaged severely. The government is talking about putting federal control over the UMWA. That would be the beginning of the end of our strength as a union. "The officers of this union pledge to fight against the use of injunctions with all the resources we can command. But we cannot fight with our hands tied. You cannot change the law of the land by continuing this strike," Patrick went on, pledging that the union leadership "will use every legal weapon available to insure that disputes are settled at the mine site, where they should be settled." (Tura to Page 2A, Col. 2) Harry Patrick UMW Seeks Mediation Help Eyed For Fixed Incomes By Kay Michael State Senate President William Brotherton said Saturday he will ask for legislation designed to ease the burden of spiraling utility costs on persons with fixed .incomes. Brotherton said he has asked the office of legislative services to prepare utility stamp legislation "to provide money for payers o£ electric and gas bills in the winter, when they're unusually high." Possibly, he said, "some way could be worked out whereby people on pensions could qualify for the utility stamp. The Governor indicates West Virginia is in a strong economic position. This is one way we could use surplus money to help consumers." He said he hopes to have legislation ready to be introduced in time for the Jan^ uary legislative session. Brotherton said he believes "the whole utility problem is greater than some other things we're concerned about." And he added there's no question that the legislature will have to look into the reluctance of utility companies to make refunds after they're ordered to pay back money by state courts. "On the money market," he said, "there's a possibility they're making money at the expense of the consumer . . . "It may be," he said, "that we'll have to look at the possibility of legislation to forestall new rate .increases until there's a determination on existing rate increases." UTILITY FIRMS have customarily refused to make refunds until all appeal channels are exhausted. Brotherton said thought should be given to asking the companies to make refunds after they've "exhausted all state remedies." By investing consumers" money, firms can draw interest considerably higher than the 6 per cent paid to consumers when their money is paid back. (Turn to Page 2A, Col. 1) FORD SAID HIS economic policies are paying off and warned, "If we let the problems of inflation reoccur.. .in 12 to 18 to 24 months we would be in a far worse recession than we are at the present time." The President said he didn't want to stir any conflict over school busing but said, Ford told crowds from union picnickers to « lmceA busing Dy ^ courts jj not the way Republican contributors he was concerned to achieve M education." A Unni · innrvinlrkiTmnnt ixrniC»n 1C a t 3 TlQllfU"!- . . . . . . . . M _ t _ l _ about unemployment which is at a national high 16.2 per cent in Rhode Island. "Labor Day is no holiday for those who Spotlight Always on Sunday 1B Building News 11C Business News D Classified Ads ..-.TIMID Columnists IB, 1E-3E Current Affairs 1D Editorials -···· 2D , Home, Family 1E A?',!5 Magazine 1M-MM Obituaries loc Page Opposite ··--3D Sports YoorBridgeworit,: quality Ford said other options were available to the courts for achieving integration and should be used, and he said federal funds should be utilized to achieve better education by upgrading schools. But Ford said he would enforce busing orders, particularly in Boston where busing violence flared last year. Charleston Ptwtacket 3 2 JO Inning* 12 Textbook Foes Arrested Twelve persons were arrested by Kanawha County Sheriff's deputies following an antitextbook rally in St. Albans late Saturday night. Deputies said the arrests were made when antitext protestors arrived at the Borden Burger restaurant on MacCorkle Avenue after a rally at St. Albans Roadside Park, and a disturbance erupted. Deputies arrived at the scene, and said they tried to calm tempers. Soft drinks and hot coffee were hurled at them accompanied by shouts and jeers, deputies said. As a consequence, a dozen persons were arrested on disorderly conduct charges, and were being booked at St. Albans Police Department at 11:30 p.m. A complete list of those arrested was not immediatly available. However, among those arrested was Norma Atkinson, who was arrested in a protest at the Kanawha County Board of Education office Friday, her mother, Loraine. and Mrs. Frances McCune. Top Trio Jesse Owens (right) congratulates the top three finishers in the third annual Charleston Distance Run. In the order they finished are (from left) John Vitale, Barry Brown and Scott Eden. See other race stories and pictures on Pages 1C, 2C, 4C and 6C. (Staff Photo bv Lewis Raines)

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