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LAST E DIT1ON PRICE 2 The Best Advertising Medium in the Yough Region. Tft vn i n n ^'o Weekly Courier. Founded July 17, J879. I McrKcd, r-in-wrnT T cnrrr T TT PA ^ATTTTIHAV "RVRMTTCfi- " . Su, i\U. 1UU. Tho Dally Courier. Founded November 10, 1902. (July 18. 1023 CONNiSLiLSVlijljlij, rJi., Oiv i uiiujvi ai. v JM\ u\ W, . EIGHT PAGES. V SPEEDY SENATE ACTION ON TAX BILL PLANNED Any Fight Expected to Center on Undistributed Profits. LIMIT HEARINGS ' TO TWO WEEKS By JOHN R. SEAL United- Press Staff Correspondent. WASHINGTON, Mar. 12.--The Adminstration's 3938 tax bill, designed to raise approximately $5,300,000,000 in revenue and relieve some of the present tax burdens on business, went to the Senate Finance Comimttce today where speedy action was planned. The measure passed the House, 294 to 98, yesterday with several amendments attached. Chairman Pat Harrison, Democrat, Miss., of the Senate Finance Committee called an executive session for Monday to discuss the measure with tax and legislative experts employed by Congress.. The committee plans to limit hearing to 10 days or two weeks. About 50 witnesses have applied for appearance before the Senate committee. To save time, the group may decide not to hear anyone who testified before the House Ways and Means Committee. The Senate fight is expected to center on the undistributed profits tax. The biggest point of contro- veisy in the measure as reported to the House was removed when Ihe House adopted, 233 to 153, an amendment by Representative John W. McCormack, Democrat, Mass., striking out Title 1-B, which imposed a 20 per cent surtax on closely held corporations earning more than $75,000 a year. The House bill divides business concerns into two baskets. Each Â·would pay a single lax. Companies earning less than $25,000 a year would pay 12!4 per cent on the first $5,000 of income, 14 per cent on the next $15,000, and 16 per cent on the remainder. Distribution of earnings would have no effect on the levy. Corporations earning more than $25,000 a year would pay an undistributed profits tax of 20 per cent. They would be rewarded for distribution of dividends by a credit amounting to four per cent of the dividend. Those that distributed 100 per cent of earnings would pay only 16 per cent. Chairman of TVA Defies President- Resignation Asked By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Press Staff Correspondent. WASHINGTON, Mar. 12.--Senator George W^Norris, Independent, Ncb. v "father" of the Tennessee Valley Authority, demanded the resignation of TVA Chairman Arthur E. Morgan today. Norris made his statement soon after President Roosevelt released the trascript of his long conversation yesterday with Morgan and the two other TVA directors with whom he is quarreling--David E. Lilicnthal and Harcourt A. Morgan. ' Chairman Morgan was si non- communicative attendant at' yesterday's conference. He renewed his charges against the other 'directors but said ho would produce evidence to support them only before a congressional committee. He told the President that he was present under pressure only and considered himsel an "observer" rather than a participant. He said he had been discriminated against by thc/jthcr directors refused access to records, and otherwise put at a disadvantage. Hospital apaticnls. Michael Speenejr 0 Â£ Dunbar Walter Zitney ot/Juniata were admitted to Conr*6ilsvillc state Hospital this morning for treatment. Captive in Asylum? Uniontown Will Be Host to Firemen's Annual Convention The 1938 convention of Western Pennsylvania Firemen's Association will be held at Uniontown during the week of Sunday, August 7, it was announced today by William E. DeBolt, Connellsville chief and chairman of the association's executive committee. Chief William Barclay of the Uniontown firemen contacted Mr. DeBolt Friday night and informed him that it has been "definitely decided" to entertain Ihe convention next August and the executive committee chairman said he would call the committee together as soon as possible to oijtjine arrangements for the event. The convention two week5 ago became "hostlcss" when the board of control of the association voted it out of Ford City after the '.utter organization had attempted to change the dntc of the convention without consulting the association or its officers, making their decision in the form of an ultimatum. More than 500 votes were cast to take the event from the place originally selected and only 15 balloted to hold it there. The association's board of control will meet Saturday night, March 1!, at New Kens'ing'-m, and Uniontown will have a de!eg-itior. on hand to icll t::o firc'.r.e'i what is being con- lomrlatcd for the annual convention. The association'?: membership will be asked to lend its cooperation so that the Augus- event will be a successful one despite the "last-minute" change. U. S. Determined U I T I To Keep Hands Off M ! l L European Flare Mrs. Lucille Pearcfl . . . victim of plotr, A former Pittsburgh hoUl manager and n Cleveland numo arc on trial in Pittsburgh, chrrged with robbery, administering drugs and assault and battery (.1 connection with the accusation of Mrs. Lucille Pearec, above, well-to-do Canonsburg, Pa., woman, that the two kept her captive In a Cleveland Insane asylum. Mrs. Pcarce charged the ' twj, her husband. Maxwell Pcarcf, and Margaret Gordon, the mirsc, ruined her health with drugs and forced her to empty her rafcty deposit box for them. L E G I S L A T I V E PARDON VOTED TOM MOONEY COUNTY TAX LEVY 'FIXED AT 14 MILLS Fayettc county's tax levy for 1938 has been fixed at 14 mills, the same as in 1937, Jl was announced today by Earl Huston, chief clerk to the commissioners. The levy is divided as follows: General fund, six and a half mills. Sinking fund, six mills. Institutional district, one and a half mills. Formerly the institutional district was known as the poor district and was operated by the board of poor directors'. The board, however, has /been dissolved by the State Legislature and supervision is now entrusted to the commissioners. The budget adopted for 1938 amounts to 51,108,150 which includes debt service, Mr. Huston said. This 'compares with $1,037,608.86 in 1937. Marano Case Placed In Hands oi Jury Special to The Courier. UNIONTOWN, Ajar. 12.--Fate of Joseph Marinaro, Connellsville beer garden proprietor, today rested with seven men and five women who received the case at 10:50 o'clock this morning following by a 'lengthy charge by Judge H. S. Dumbauld who outlined the testimony as related by many witnesses. The trial covered five days. ' Special Prosecutor Wade K Newell in his summation to the jury demanded a first degree murder verdict for the death of John Monosky of Davidson Hill. The murder occurred last September 5 near the beer parlor in Connellsville. "He did not mean to kill Monosky," declared Defense Counsel John Duggan. "Why only that same morning Monosky had swept off the defendant's front porch for him. They were friends." ASSISTANT WAR SECRETARY ASKS AIRPORT INFORMATION Louis: Johnson, assistant Secretary of Wa'r, queried ConnellsviUe au- thoriti/.s by telegram late Thursday afternoon of availability of the city airpprj; for day and night flying. His' wire came Â»to Connellsville a lew [minutes after The Courier receive d a communication from Con- grcsfiman J. Buell Snyder? advising details of, the War Department's elab-orate program at the flying field. Secretary Johnson's wire stated: "fPlease advise availability of dny ancjl night Hying at Connellsville AM-port" j / The telegram went to City Hal and then was directed to the attention of Mayor Ira D. Younkin who replied: "Retel this date Connellsville Air- por t in course of construction. Runways finished, hangar partly erected no other building or no lighting. For detailed information please contact Evers Abbey, major Aviation Corps Washington, who with Major Smith el al, made thorough inspection of airport Monday and Tuesday of this week." Made Liquor to Feed Family; Would Do It Again, Says Violator SACRAMENTO, Calif., Mar. 12.-The State Assembly early today voted to extend a legislative pardon to Thomus J. Mooney, the convicted San Francisco preparedness day bomber. The vote came after two days of heated debate, and after Mooney sympathizers in the lower house threatened to keep the assembly in session until a laboritc member could be brought by airplane from a hospital in San Francisco to obtain his aye vote. Assemblyman Jefferson Peyser, San Francisco, told Assemblyman Paul Richie, San Diego, who sponsored the resolution, that he would change his vote to avert such mea- urcs. The sick member was Melvyn I. Cronln. Richie pointed out that Cronin's voting record had been "down the line" for labor. Peyser's decision came as the proposed pardon, which has no legal standing according to an official ruling of the attorney general, had received 40 favorable votes against 30 nays, with 41 required for passage. Military Band Elects Officers For Coming Year i The Connellsville Military Band, meeting Friday evening in its rooms at City Hall, elected officers for the coming year and made preparations for an active spring and summer program. As usual the band will participate in the Memorial Day parade, as it has done every year since it was organized 54 years ago. During nearly nil of that time the Conncllsville Military Band has had the honor of leading the annual procession. It will probably be accorded that place next May 30. Robert L. Hannam was reeleclcd president, a position he hns held since the death of James W. Buttermorc. B. C. Burkhardt is director; George C. Hazen, honorary' director. Other officers are: /Vice-president, Artie Lewis; assistant director, Frank Boyd; business manager, W. C. Bishop; secretary and treasurer, B, C. Burkhardl; scrgcnnt-at-arms, John Kiferle; librarian, Haymonc Balsley; assistant, Donald Moon- trustees, Robert S. Cooper, Walter Shaw, W. M. Cable, George Campbell and Frank Norris; superintendent of property, James McClure. Joseph Crone, a former member had been away from the city for several years, was reelectcd to membership. Rehearsals will be held in the band room at City Hall every Thursday night. Lindberghs Leave for Home. NEW YORK, Mar. 12.--Colone: and Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh sailed for England early today as secretly as they arrived for a holiday vacation last December 5. * UNIONTOWN, Mar. 12.--Arrcsl- Fridny night about 9 o'clock, when wash-boiler still and three pints of cach brandy were found in the jascment of his home in York Run, tfartm Furin. 44. admitted the liquor violation and defiantly asserted he 'would do it again.'* "I don't get enough off the WPA .o suppoit my family and I'll keep on making liquor to feed them," Turin cmphnsi/.ed, according to the live Â·aiding odiccrs. There arc about eight children in ;he family. State enforcement of- !lce-iÂ£ Finnell, Wagner, Allen rnd :loovcr and Constable Walter Brown swooped down on the Kurm home. Three who entered the basement cellar found Furin and 'ulhcr members of the family there. In the kitchen coal stove was found a copper wash boiler from which officers say the copper coil had been removed and concealed. Nearby stood two barrels and a 10-gallon keg, containing 10 gallons of pt'aeh mash. In a pantry were found three pints of finished liquor. The raiders say numerous complaints had been made regarding a source of peach brandy IP. that section. Furin was commitlccd to jiiil in default of ?1,000 bail. He w i l l be given a hcanng Monday before Alderman Â£. S. Claycombe. By United Press. , WASHINGTON, Mar. 12.--State Department officials watched developments in Europe today and reiterated this country's determination to maintain a "hands ofT" policy in the domestic affairs of all foreign governments. General reaction among olTieinls and congressmen lo Germrny's invasion of Austria coincided with that expressed by Secretary of State Cor- dcll Hull -- that "naturally" this country had not expressed its views on the situation to the Berlin government and had no intention of doing so. Hull repeated the United States' often repealed poli-jy of nonintervention in the domestic aftairs of other nations. A wider view of Anvriean reaction was expected next Monday, however, when the House considers the Administration's billion dollar naval authorization bill. Shortly after ic- portt, of Adolf Hitler's political coup were received here the House voted unanimously to begin consideration of the naval expansion bill immediately. Meanwhile, veteran Senate leaclcis wiirncd Ihe United States agomst "marriage of any sort" in International affairs. These warnings were seen as a forerunner of another series of bitter attacks upon President Roosevelt's foreign policy. HOSFORD AGAIN RESIGNS AS COAL COMMISSION HEAD WASHINGTON, Mar. 12.--Churlcs F. Hosford, Jr., has again submitted his resignation as chairman of the National Bituminous Coal Commission, it was learned today. Hosford, a former Butler, Pa., lawyer and coal operator, refused to confirm or deny he had sent a letter of resignation to the President. He has attempted to resign previously but Mr. Roosevelt has- persuaded him to keep the post. It was believed, however, that Hosford has determined to quit this time. It was known that he was irked by the Con! Commission's s-us- pension of its original price minima after a crippling scries of court injunctions through the courts. LEVINE FEARS FOR SON'S LIFE NEW ROCHELLE, N. Y., Mar. 12 --Murray Levine feared today for the safety of his 12-year-old son, Peter, kidnaped February 24 for $30,000 ransom. Australia Bars Draft. CANBERRA, Mar. 12. -- Prime Minister Lyons has announced tha Australians will never be conscripted for war. He declares such a question has never been considered here or at the empire conferences in London. The Weather D ublic Praises Elks' Beautiful . New Grill Room CRACK TROOPS OVER BORDER People Dazed by Coup; All Independence Is Gone. SEYESS-INQUART IS CHANCELLOR By ROBERT 7-1. BEST United Press Stan* Correspondent. VIENNA, Mar. 12.--Soldiers of the German regular army marched into a Nazified Austria today, to consummate one of the most amazing political coups in modern history. Their thick-soled field boots treading the roads of a foreign country Creates Gravest Diplomatic Crisis Since 1914. WAR'BELIEVED TO BE REMOTE By WEBB MILLER United Press Staff Correspondent. Copyright 1938 by United Press. LONDON, Mar. 12.--E u r o p c, pnnie-strickcn, faced today its gravest diplomatic crisis since the black days oÂ£ July, 1914, which preceded the World War. Adolf Hitler's lightning coup' in for the first time since 1918, the I Austria, in open and bold defiance green-gray uniformed fighters of I of Great Britain and France, shook Gcnnaiiy cime nt- the invitation of a new Austrian Nazi government. Austria was a Nazi state. Nazis controlled the government, the army, the police, the newspapers, the radio. Jubilant Austrian Nazis raided the headquarters of anti-Nazi organizations, threatened Jews, and raised the black-Swastika flag of nazism over public buildings throughout the country. Gorman police and other leaders were here advising the new Nazi regime. It was believed in many quarters Europe's chancelleries with the greatest war scare since the armistice. Cabinets and foreign office starts in Great Britain, France, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Geimany and other countries worked at high tension most ot the night. All over Europe from London to the Black Sea cabinets met again today to quell a veritable diplomatic panic and to prevent missteps which could conceivably, plunge Europe Into a major war. The opinion was that Great Bri- Approximatuly 1.000 persons ut- endcd the foimnl opening of the new gnll room of Connellsville Lodge, Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, on the first floor of the Yntci-nul home in East Crawford ivenuc Friday night. With officers and members of the building committee, attired in full dress, serving as members of the reception committee, the public was shown through the beautiful grill, one part of which is reserved for men only and the other for both men and .vomcn. Members were elated over the profuse praise that was heard by the people viewing the luxuriously outfitted grill in its beautiful setting. Women who -attended the opening were presented with ilowers while the men were given cigars. Tomorrow afternoon at 2 o'clock a class of 53 will be initiated into the order with the degree team of Uniontown Lodge, headed by Wade K. Newell, in charge of the initiatory work. Arrangements are being made for the entertainment of 300 persons. A bufiet lunch will be served. that before long, by plebiscite or by j tain, which is the key nation, would election, Adolf Hitler would be del prevent war. dared fuehrer of Austria, his birth, Throughout western and middle place, which he left in liis youth to | Europe governments tried to gauge seek his fortune in Germany. ! the far-reaching repercussions of Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg. heir Hitler's mailed-fist smashing of of Engclbert Dollfuss whom Nazis, Austria's independence. But barring murdered in Iheir unsuccessful, unforeseen developments observers putsch of 193-1. had resigned and here believed that despite the gravity turned over his office to Dr. Arthur) of the situation, th danger that it von Seyss-Inqunrt. Austrian Nazi I might result in a major war was leader and for years his own close rienci. Venerable President Wilhclm Mikas alone held out. It was indicated hat he told Seyss-Inqunrt he took charge on his own. personal responsibility. But the victory of the Nazis seemed complete and the long and brilliant n'story of Austria as an independent state was ended. At Sallbruerkcn, near Salzburg: at Scliarding, over near the Czecho- s'lovakian frontier, the German soldiers crossed the border and marched n toward key cities--responding to .he request of the new Nazi chieftain :o aid him in preserving order. Silently or cheering, people Continued on Page Five; Registrars to Sit Wednesday Afternoon At Logan's Crossing Voters of Dunbar township and surrounding political sub-divisions who are not legistercd may appear at Keatns service station at. Logans C r o s s i n g Wednesday afternoon, Marcli 16, and become enrolled. A registration board will sit there I'rom 1 o'clock until 4 o'clock. The latter hour will be deferred as long as there are persons who desire to become quaUfltled for the primary election May 17. "As long as citizens keep coming the registration board will remain there," Chief Cleik Earl Huston of the county commissioners' oflicc at Uniontown said. He said that voters from all parts of Dunbnr township or adjoining districts of Connellsville, Vanderbilt, Dunbar borough or others may go there to qualify if it is convenient for them. The commissioners will have registration board appear in a district when a request is made for one Mr. Huston said. It is not necessary to file a petition, he added. Cloudy tonight and Sunday with light rain Sunday and probably near Lake Erie tonight; w.inner tonight and in south poition Sunday, much colder Mondjy is the noon weather forecast for Western Pennsylvania. Temperature Record. 1938 10.17 Ma.xiinuin 4G 40 .Minimum . ,, _ 30 27 Monn , 33 34 Soviet Officials Face Death As Trial Ends By United Press. MOSCOW, Mar. 12.--The greates mats trial of Russia's three year political purge ends today and deal! before a firing squad appeared certain for nt least 19 of the 21 defendants. Slork at Hospital. A daughter was born at 4:15 o'clock Friday afternoon at Connclls. j ville Slate Hospital to Mr. and Airs | William Gordon of Vanderbilt. remote. The chief reason for this confidence is the certainty that neither England nor France will go to war hat he had refused stoutly to ap- t,, prevent Germany absorbing Jrove Hie new Nazi-led ministry and | Austria and that Premier Bcnito Mussolini, although in a most embarrassing position, has, for practical purposes, declared his neutrality in the Austrian crisis. But observers fear that unless the situation is handled xvit'i the utmost caution. Hitler's Naziucatiori of Austria may hasten the eventual European upheaval. Hitler's coup altered the diplomatic equilibrium of Europe and is likely to have a number of far-reaching results. Coming just at the moment when Prime Minister Neville Cham- of I bcrlain of Great Britain has cm- i Continued on Page Five. HITLER ENTERS A U S T R I A ; DEAF EAR FOR PROTESTS Not Aiming At Czechoslovakia,. Germany Says PRAGUE, Mar. 12.--Germany told Czechoslovakia through diplomatic channels today that she entertains no hostile intentions toward the little republic. Finser Nearly Amputated. Stewart McPhail of Mount Pleasant was admitted to Westmoreland Hospital Friday suffering from' a badly injured finger which he suffered when it caught in a cog of a machine while working at Westmoreland Memorial Park at Grcensburg. The finger was partly amputated. Just Off the Wire LONDON, Mar. 172.--The cabinet discussed for nearly two hours today the crisis in Austria and decided that Great Britain was faced with the definite issue of peace or war. Bt'KU.N", Mar. 12--Fuehrer Adolf Hitler left Munich by automobile at noon (6 A. M. EST) for an unknown destination, it was announced officially today. By United Pi ess. BERLIN, Mar. 12.--Fuehrer Adolf Hitler entered Austria in triumph today while his government coldly rejected the protests of Britain and France against German's invasion and naziflcation of her neighbor as 'unwarranted." Information made available to the foreign press said Hitler's first stop in Austria was at Braunau, his birthplace. He went from there to Linz, where German, troops were concentrating. Before Hitler left Munich for Austria, he issued a proclamation which was read over the radio, announcing the entry of the German troops and declaring: "Behind the units of the *rmcd forces stands the will and determination of the entire German ni.lioi:." The proclamation said the troops were "everywhere in Austria." Later it was disclosed the vanguard had crossed Austria and reached the Brenner pass, gateway to Italy. VIENNA, Mar. 12--Dollfuss Square in the center of the city was renamed Adolf Hitler Square today. Provisional signs bearing the new name were put up at noon. ROME, Mar. 12.--Chancellor Adolf Hitler sent a personal letter, via air mail, to Premier Rcm'to Mussolini on Friday regarding the Austrian situation, it was announced officially today. VIENNA, Mur. 12.--Soldiers of the German regular army marched into a Naziflcd Austria at dawn today and Austrians waited for the triumphant JAMES PLEDGES PARTY SUPPORT PHILADELPHIA, Mar. 12. -Superior Court JUdge Arthur H. James, candidate for the Republican nomination, pledged his support to- dny to his party's nominee in the May 17 primary. Oldest Captive Lion Dead. TRIVANDRUM, India, Mar. 12.-After living for nearly 30 years, which is almost a record foe a lion in captivity, Bobby, the matriarch of the Zoological Gardens here, has entry of their "liberator" and coun- ; died. She was the mother of all the trymstn, Adolf Hitler. I lions in the zoo.