The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on July 18, 1918 ツキ Page 6
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The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 6

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Thursday, July 18, 1918
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テつォ;:-;;-!"-.テつキテつキ |p^_~'.-'- ; ;i テつキ ^SZl!.-""'"- '-- THE DAILY COURIER, CONNBLLSVILLE, PA. BULE DEVILS^ DEVIL DOGS Devil Dogs of France Give Our Devil Dogs Their : Final War Training and ShowMany New Tricks -TheyBecpme Fast Friends * Copyright. J918 1 , - Joteraailonal. SymUcat*. "For there-Is neither race nor creed, "Border, nor breed,, nor birth, "When two strong men stand face'to ; face, ." . ; テつキ テつキ_ テつキ '." テつキ'*,Tho' they come from the ends of ' the earth." | EARS AGO, before the Beast of was recognized" '"as" "a" . world menace, before war and .' misery stalked upon the* face of .the earth; before, even,' the world.be^ Ueved that.such conditions as obtain テつキ-odax could .exist,,, those, .lines were. penned,' Yet they ^gnly^ip one phase. ..of the- great/SS*ar^ eyen^naore aptly than they do to tbV situation for which Kipling -wrote'them.-'" ; _~ L. ..* Eof, had he -written them but yesterday. Kipling could have:found .no テつキwords to describe better the.epochal meeting of those two "crack" .bodies of fighting men-: the "Blue Devils" of. France, and the Marines of .the United States, or ."Devil Dogs." as they were -dubbed by the rueful Boche after his first en'c"o~unrer" with them". "テつキ ' ' ' テつキ ' . Nowhere on earth could there .have been found two bodies of men so alike In traditions, training and stamina. '.'Always : ready" could be applied alike to the' Soldiers" of the :JBテつォai who. gu'ircTe'd: the yaist "dcean"boV- i ;, .4テつォrau v af -.-the ".Great; Bepubllc of "the \ Xew 'World, and .to the Chasseurs/ fh.bj "テつキ*テつキ cruajide'a'.the mountain "borders of the.: ffii^-An^hoth^ha 'ffi-*ffi* ^ ;foM *-' m ^2: "Semper FIdelis"--both had" always been faithful. ; , Bine Itevito Train Devil Dors This similarity was noted by the authorities. So, despite.the fact that the Chasseurs Alplns, who spoke Eng-' Hah were as few as the United States Marines, who:spoke French, the two organizations, were thrown , together, and it was the /'Blue Devils" who gave our Sea Soldiers their final war traln- ' To the. casual observer they may have ^appeared Ill-matched, not only .b.ecauae.,'0テつ」,.their different,tongues, but even; 'physically. The Chasseurs .Al- pinテつサ are short and iテつサtocky/ for- the -most--part, テつキ. while the Marines run tq big, rangy men. . . . テつキ ' . ; - . - But,; for all '-that, 'they- justified Kip-" ling's'poem In no time. The.big Marine looked upon his sturdy little instructor and voiced his opinion at once: "You are a regular guy!" And the little Blue Devil surveyed hla new pupil, and decided: "Vous-ctes un brave gars!" Though neither understood the words the : other spoke, each read in the other's eyes the admiration and respect of one real flghting man for another,-and-they became as blood brothers. . . : ... ,;テつキ,,テつキ- '~ They went to'work with.gusto, and found "that" their difference" In lan- .luages,proved-no bar. at. all,.- It was. r ljcasel.ot_w.ozthy master, .foe., -worthy jropli,"each; with 'his entire heart in .the task';.; テつキ;, . - ' テつキ . , . ' . ' . ,. ".-'' " -'テつキ テつキ For gruelling テつキweeks.'' together,, the Blue Devils teaching and the Marines learning all the now tricks of the trade that have been developed since-the great war began. "It was a weary task, but neither wearied. When, finally the pupils had been -graduated form the School of War and sent, forth to battle, they proved, themselves worthy of their masters. Typical of. this picturesque American fighting service,-and a trick of. which'"their Blue Devi! mentors may well' be -proud, was a surprise attack on the Marne, in which our Marines, forming the center of a two- and-a-half mile front. テつキ the , flanks of which were held by French veterans, dashed forward without firing a single preparatory shell and snatched from the stunned foe Important technical positions, .penetrating his lines to a depth of nearly two miles and Inflicting terrific losses. . .Stronc .Frfrndihlp ; In addition to the real feeling of 'mutual respect which they had from the start, ..the'"French and American soldiers.soon built u p - a . strong bond of friendship, and before they purled had become Inseparable companions. Not only during working hours were they together, but at play as well, as Is attested by many of the pictures of Marines that, have- come from Franco. For there, is hard-ly. EL photograph of "leathernecks" that'docs not show at leaM. 'ono Chasseur Alpln working "or playing with his comrades from overseas. There Is another point of great similarity between the "crnck" fight- Ing men of.America and France. Each has visited' the native land of the other, and captured the hearts of the civilian populaces* just aa aurely as each has captured Fritz. Everyone :n this country knows how the sturdy IHtle Frenchmen have won the ' affect ion' of America since first they crime to these shores! Never have foreign soldier* met with such wild acclaim. It was a very great lady. -Indeed, you knowi who told t.ho llcutennnt in charge' 1 of the' Chasseurs, "when they were at our national capital; "It is a very t lucky thin?. Ston- Bieur, that so few of your men sipctuk English, For, were It other- .wise, they could never boast that they had テつキ n^ver surrendered. They hnve proved, that they conic! not be downed by the Hun, but 1C . they were.able to talk the sam-3 language I am BUTQ every ono of them would find himself forced to cap 1 tuku;e to an American girl." . Popular In France And .it has tieen tho same way with the Marines in France. Already little rumors ot romance have crept from ttie American Expeditionary Forces, telling: how our Soldiers of tho Sea, who had pushed unscathed through a - storm of German bullets had fallen victims to Cupid's darts. The Marines receive rather more pay than do the French soldiers, and they have been lavish to a point undreamed oil before by the civilian population of France. In many an instance a "luatherneck" has spent his entire month's income to provide food or clothinff for some poor refugee. Anfl 90 they have been affectionately dub-bed "the millionaire soldlcra" by tho French with whom they have com* In. cbnlact. The greatest-point of similarity between the two "crack" Corps, however, probably lies In tho manner In which the men were picked for each. Just, as in the ranks of Uncle Sam's Marines you find the flower of the テつキ manhood of (he greatest democracy of the Went, BO also do you flnd Prance's finest men among the Chas- seurs Alpins. An Ancient Organization The Chasseurs are old, centuries oider than the Marines, as an organization, but as individuals they have become soldiers oniy since the beginning of the present war. Just as in Ihe case of the majority of tho men in our M.irino Corps. When the Germans first begun their fierce onslaught in 391-1. It was natural that the Chasseur* Alplns, typifying, as they did, the finest traditions of tha French service, should bc-ar the brunt of much of the heaviest flghijng. Jt was their right. And they lived up to their traditions. Outnumbered time aft or time, ' they always held their ground, and | pxacted heavy toll of tho Hun. Jt was: then they warned their tille. "Blue ! Devils." The Germans rould not un- テつキ deritan'd how one mortal man could hold his own- against ten, and they became テつキ possessed of a supc-rsiitious fear : of the sturdy little fighters. N"o fighting organization in Vhe history of the world ever made a more splendid showing than di'd the "Blue Devils'/ in those early days of the war. They.fought and died, and still fought. But no man that is born of woman can endure that pace- forever. The first great German menace had only just .been stilled, \vhen it became known that the Chasseurs Alpins were no more. They had la.llen fighting, to a man. Theirs had been a great victoryi a nti they had paid ihe maxim u m price. Killed But Xot Defeated But artisUc, emotional France could not let the. Corps die out. Through city, town, hamlet and countryside the sad news was spread, and from the four corners of the !and sprang forth, to fill the ranks, the pick of the men that were left. Athletes they were, for tho mostj part, from every walk of life; college sportsmen, artists at.the savole, boxers of high and lesser degree, and the like--men 'of every station, yes. -but welded Into, one, with the great, impulse of uph,oIoV Ing the tradition of ihe proud Corps. They would show.this Boche that the Chasseur Alplns can be killed but never defeated: Lonely, graves on both sides of the line bear witness to the fact that they have succeeded. The banner o f - the Corps has never trailed in the dust, whether borne by amateur or professional soldier. テつキ A homely Incident that occurred while.the contingent of "Blue Devils" was in this country created a new bond of sympathy between tho little Frenchmen and the Americans. They arrived here Just in time for the hottest weather, and they soon found that their heavy blue uniforms were unendurable. For even the intrepid Blue Devil, who can weather the warmest fire from Prussian riiies, quails before the prospect of spending the summer In American cities wearing a woolen blouse, The Americans in charge of The. tour wore /or having t h e men out- fitted by tailors in this country in the regulation French summer uniform. But no, the "Blue Devils" would have none of it. "We are one," they said, "all fighting for the same cause.. What mailers it whether we wear French uniforms or American? Give ua ;your uniform. We will be proud to wear it." So It came about that th-ey donned American khaki, to wear back to France--truly symbolic of all civilization drawn into ono unit to stamp out the Prussian curse! "Hale Christening" One more distinction, won by "BIuテつォ Devil" and "Devil Dog" alike Is their nicknames. For it is esteemed a great honor over there for any organization to be singled out for a special "hate christening" by the Hun. Only three i units In all the Allied command have \ thus far gained this niche In the Hall I of Fame. I The Highland kilties come first, I dubbed the "Ladies of Hell" by der j moralized Fritz as he fled before their l.wild onslaught. Then come the "Blue Devils" ot France. And. finally, tho "Devil Dogs" or "Teufelhunden" of America. "Oh yes!" remarked a Marine over there, ancnt this subject, "We're last, but"--this with the modesty so characteristic of. the Soldier of the Sea-"you see they got here ahead of us. That's the only reason." Tes, to' look at them one would think-there could be no greater contrast than between the big, raw-boned Marine, in his forestry green or faded khaki, topped by the slouchy campaign hat, and the sturdy little Chasseur Alpin, all in. blue and wearing his jaunty tam-o'-shanter, but those are only externals, after all, and time will add to the proof already offered that they matter very little. Possibly Kipling ..might express it something like this--so much of his \vri'.1np has been murdered that he could hardly mind one more homicide or so: "'When it comes to a fight or a job "They're as like as a row of pins, "Blue Devils of France and U. S. Marines "Are brethren under their skins." ACTION How These Great - テつキ " gunners discard all superfluous cloth On the Battle not a little by the-"Super. Gun," which tary jamming of a projectile may fracture the barrel of the, gtin by bursting,' or, at least, Injuring the rifle spirals. The loading of the big. gun 'looks ike an. easy. task, and it is when the ing action shots are hurled rapidly. | In テつキ loading the enormous howitzers a into the breech. Whenever It Is possible the bigr gun's position Is camou In pits covered with tree branches. Terrific X The noise made when ihese giant guns are In action Is.tefrific, and the Air concussion, particularly in close proximity to artillery during action, VjjR "ST^CE the war began **ceneテつサ of destruction have form ed much of tho pictorial matter -of thfr"テつォewテつサ The majorlt of Tiii . dt テつキtruetio*'fe*s~ ; -been テつキ caused''by l*テつサJbif~*unテつサ which, bv a few shots テつキderastate- towns and make craters in. f!he"earth* which.would require weeks to dig. Often one shell-will make iole seventy five to ono hundred- feet r llf circumference Jrloadwajs are de ^JtroyeS' arffl 1 ''" aitn'bu lances ' filled' with wounded aoiaiers'fair IntoTthV shell crater*, ending the lives..aCLthe-help^ men -- Whole--cum p*ail?e*r ofmen ^ . have been wiped off テつキ t He"earth b a ; V^SfJ? ^otj^om the giant man killers *テつサ -- Gettfnr- these machines into action requires brain and' brawn, for the larger onei'moit'be moved on (heir .own Iracks, and. when -pfaceaVinXposl'- tlon" :away_ from thMuJTiracEs.' they . znuet^have *a acHd.founJJittictnJone iof テつキ; concrete briny^ preferable.. : The battfe tine te-t. the "western"' front extends for mor-i than-one hundred otlle and "Eniiand^inJ France- have . til* whole* 3ine;-;pretty well covered -- with;big JUDB, 'which run'.on 'their J.; テつキテつキテつォ }raeJtSi;,-\Thc^yun railway-gystem ;;'テつキ!!テつキ wo- ajranテつサテつォd t*iat spurs to the r!.. :tr*ck* can; b*: built a:^ short notice whtn-gun* must lw motved forward *r backward. So great i the shell ca- of -tlMJi -big machines that It foundation .for a big KLm.-iB.somethnes problem ~-whenv : the-eB;rth-. : Js'satur- ated with water.: The. Ttallan. Government has' a, ."machine .which, ^has proved efficient .in thla work. It resembles- -the .rpa-d-mending -machine, familiar in -Italy.'. The apparatus ex- cavates.'-^fprms,;. by., means 'of : . : liquid concretfri^ino'rtar /poured. out 'as . the machihe'-'movesTtp and fro, and finally: flattens,the : c6h'erete'vbed. required for mounting*t.he. : ;,eiant sieges-guns and howitzers. テつキ:" i-'Owlngr'itd.i.t he j-shortness of tw^テつサtjtflvf lonles per day fo ' At Jthテつォrjj(iBlscgun!,'!inist be. set tltr . 'm section テつォm basee. amf Acee are tk* テつキfflt, beiBr^bToug] ---__ ^^ ^^ oiein to ^CfoテつサX:but df spite テつ」hテつサ fact are lurkiac.fテつォ%out Aテつォ |liテつサ_b*ttl*^front ia usaatly, a aea L oaterptlUr wreels are, m+A テつキテつキJ-Tarious kHid^of .テつキUde have- to be con- t* テつサet the テつォi:ni into-their th* t*. テつキテつォ-. テつォテつォ*テつキテつサ テつキテつサテつォ the hoテつォitzerV barrel^ * I the severity of.,the,shock"on,'discharge at an angle, the' howitzer bed ; or ;ground'surface must be verv strong special recoil nt tings arfd..contrivances being fitted'to the:mountings. : Must Be Set Accurately -A -gun? has 'to be ; set-' with, .the greatest accuracy ana for this pur poie; an lnstrumeht known.'a^.a.-'MdU rector is usprt it ]^ an intricate look Ingr apparatus conslstinr'/of imlrrors; a 'テつキspirit le\ el telescope scales, etc and is mounted on a tripod such as is used for 'surveying- Instruments:: .'the officer In charge of the gun laying can manipulate the Instrument until the base of the gun Is absolute!* perfect to Its needs for prodlgalltv of ammu nitlon is of no value unless the'gun is well directed The main principle of the Allied soldiers fa to open flre ai quickly u possible after the Run Is cet up This gUes the enemy no time for elaborate arrangements before re turnuw the Are and If he Indulged la them the-JFrench and Brltish. : .artHlcry -would snuff him: out before he -has begua a'serious rply. Tho range, besides being" found from maps'showing tho'ehemy's'positlon,' is located by'tho observation'-of.''airmen or range' finders. ; .The gunners, usually try to get one. shot short,-and-one over the. target... Th0-,right. range is..obviously.b'c- Lween the "two,. and is -known- as .a 'bracket. 1 '. -When thisJs obtained -the work of-destruction.'begins,, and word! is sent by the observers as,to..thc" hits. -Jt. must be. remembered- that no, shot travels In a-straight-line'.after" it leaves the muzzle of. the gun, for gravity-'Is always at. work pulling the shell to- ward, the earth, and its path is.. therefore, a curve. It follows that if tho gun were pointed straight. at the.. target. the shot. would.;hlt tho ground be- iliiro it' reached. its mark, . excpt,, perhaps.. at -vs-T short ranges.: therefore the:.muzxle-has : to be elevated -to such a' degree .'thai the curve described by the'. shot may pass through .the. object aimed at, Advantaffe.-;ls: taken of any let-up in nring directly at the enemy, to ascertain the ranffe of ground which the Germans may pass .over .from time to ^ime by trial shots. Cleanliness : Absolute cleanliness In every part : of a big fun is 'necessary, not on!y for tho safetv of the men behind it, but In order that It shall be efflc ent against the enemy. The gun's .toilet, requires tho work of a number ot.men, JJJ V N E OFTEN : hears of .-genuine B Panama hats, "but this 1 term .is テつキ all too frequentlj a misnomer * The '/hats ' t are" not. iriado'-' : at Panama but ir Ecuador Peru and Columbia The fact that the great bulk of these hats were and are shipped via, the Isthmus of Panama, explains how they got their name w-hlch \\ill probably ne\(r be correct ed In the I.atin American countries the hats are never cal ed Panamas but Jipijapa in honor of the town 4n . Ecuador, -."where!.- they were--'-first manufactured. Theto is also a popular Idea that the straw from which Jpanama hats are manufactured is of Jan expensh e and rare quality but suテつ」h is^not the PANAMA HATS case. In ' Southテつキ'American-.countri a 'Panama hats are -worn ,by rich nhd poor ii'Jtke. - The .high prices .we know are .due largely to ,the import..duties and to U:e fact;that'they pass cnrough the' hands oC a-number or.commission men be-fore they reach the ultimate , purchaser; .The finest quality, of hat, made in :the province .oC-Ma'nabl, Ecuador.'out 'of a fine,-silky straw. Is. seldom" seen. In the'United States, because the planters along the Ecuadbrla-h coast are willing to pay from ?80 to ?100 for,a.hat, so.pliary: and fleMjle that It may be folded \up ancl.Vcarr'ied Jri'-the' : pocket without injury^During the Paris Exposition held Auringfthc reign of Jsapoleon III two .Panama hats from Ecuador were sold for $200 each and-presented ' to the Emperor and Marshal MncMahon. One of.'.the finest hats-ever made in 13ciiaclor was presented-, to. tho -laic King .Edward.of England. :テつキ It was so delicate and exquisitely woven that it could be :: .folded- into a package no larger.than a watch.. The plant from which the straw for these' hats Is'procured grows-wild In the upper forests., of .the Amazon, in Peril. The shrub resembles Ihe saw palmetto, fs fan-shaped, and when cut. it Is boiled, placed In the sun to dry and ..then sorted for'use. The straw s made- white by boiling in lemon jilice, 'The."United-States is the largest purchaser of'Panama hats.. ' . - was fearo'd by some that It would be productive of-great results in the conflict, but after the matter was thoroughly considered by scientific erpe- rlencs It was felt that as an effective Instrument of warfare the "Super Gun" was 1 a fake, and that its only purpose was to occasionally throw a shell info a city at a long range, and few innocent men, women and children. At present it Is mainly speculative, but there have been such marvelous developments in warfare that, this great "Gun" may.be the forerunner of more wonderful artillery achievements ' i n the future.' Air Service. Aeronautics have greatly aided the artillery in hitting the target by locating the position of the enemies' guns and men. When the enemy is discovered tho airman drops a signal, and the gunners at once get busy. The Is a constant source of trouble, as weli airmen make photographs of the as of possible peririaneni injury to enemy's lines, and maps are made inner ear organs: of gunners. The re- from these dividing the country into verberation of ihe firing.' more es-pe- squares, representing a certain, num- clally when guns are closely massed, p^r of miles with each target marked, and the din of the continued crash of These machines are well named the bursting shells overhead are so great at times, and t3ie air pressure rosult- ng from violent: explosions so severe "Eyes of- the Army." Gun hospitals are established Just back of the lines, for the big machines that the men'? ears may. run with ' a r e delicate In their make-up, and are blood. All the time the firing'is Roing i frequently made 111 by overwork. on (hey have to be-constantly warned to keep'-their m o u t h s open, a specific j found to answer in preventing permanent injury to the drums of the oar. テつキShell shock from -merely the passing of a shell will frequently cause.blind- ness. The only living thing not affected by the sound of pun fire are birds, who " w i l l . raise "a brood near a big gun, complacently unmindful of Ihe terrible noise. A'British offlcqi; lells how, on the western front, when i:here. was a. moment's lull in. tho firing:, which had been going on steadily all day, a lark in a tree, almost directly over the big howitzer, burst info- song. During the hot weather the When such'is the case the gun la taken to one of these hospitals and repaired 'by skilled gun-makers, who are enlisted' just as any other soldier. Unless-the' gun Is badly broken theテつォ men have It back in line In a short time.テつサ. They also repair guns captured from the Germans, and turn them back at the, Huns. The work done at these gun hospitals speaks volume* for the efficiency *of the mobile ordnance shops. テつォ Thousands of guns of all sizes are In action each day on the battlefield*. So;-the ; -war goes on, each country striving to ; outdo, the other'* weapon* to "kin one's fellbw-- --

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