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PA ore FOUR. THE DAILY COURIER mNNEU.SVTTJ/E. PA. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 22, 1939. Daily (Eourar THE COURIER COMPANY James J. Drlscoll R. A Donegan Walter S. Stimmel -- _ .] Publishers President anfd General Manager Secretary and Treasurer ,, 4.. . Editor James M. Driscoll , ,,,, Associate Editor J. \Vylie Drlscoll ,.... Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF "'- I_ ~ "" Audit Bureau of Circulations " Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers'-Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; S5 per year, or S2.50 for six months by mail if paid In advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at the Postofnce, ConneUsville, Pa. WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 83, 1939 FUOM RAGS TO OUTSTANDING HONOB From poverty to one of the highest offices in the land-associate justice of the Supreme Court--is the Horatio Alger-Uke story oJ the life of William O. Douglas, jufit nominated by President Roosevelt for the place vacated by the retirement of Justice Brandeis. The popular approval ot the choice voiced in the Senate leaves no doubt lie will he confirmed, promptly. His parents missionaries and \mahle to educate him, Douglas, fired with a zeal for bigger things than his home surroundings offered, worked as a farm hand and at other jobs in the state of his boyhood home, Washington, to pay his way through college. Landing in New York with 86 cents In his pockets, he made his way through Columbia Law School. Since lhen_his path had been strewn with successful ventures. Successively attached to a Ne\v York law firm, in the financial district, lecturer on law at Columbia and professor of law at Harvard, he was called to the Securities and Exchange Commission, and soon'thereafter became its chairman. His New York contacts had" put him in touch with practices in Wall Street. As chairman of the SEC he forced fundamental changes on the Stock Exchange. Only 40 years old, Douglas is the second youngest ever to be named to the Supreme Court. One has to go back to 1S11 to find the record of a younger, Â· Joseph Story of Massachusetts, 32. A New Dealer of the first water, nevertheless Douglas has the confidence of rockbound Republicans. THE TAI/KATIYE WELLES . Editor Henry Baker Reiley of the Somerset American cannot be accused of pro-New Deal leaning, on any subject. He finds particular fault with the way affairs of the State Department are being handled in the German crisis. Read: "Uh! There lie goes again. "President Roosevelt and Secretary of State Hull ought to see to it that when they are out, Undersecretary Welles doesn't talk so loud. "Friday's blast at Adolf Hitler might have been quite pr,oper from any other source at any time, but the American people resent so much boisterous conduct from one whose position in the Government allqws some folks to imagine that he is a sort of sounding board for the White House, repeating In public what he has heard In secret. "Whatever else we may think of Franklin Roosevelt, we have no doubt of his ability to speak for himself when there is occasion for speaking. "It's just like having the butler take advantage of the absence of the'master of the house when the undersecretary of state shoots off as he did on the subject of Hitler's conquest of Czechoslovakia." GIAJfT AIRCRAFT STILL UNSAFE When something goes wrong with a half million-dollar airplane two miles in the air and the huge craft disintegrates in its descent there is evidence engineers have not yet acquired the requisite knowledge of stress and strain -on the component parts. Apparently a wing came off the giant sub-stratosphere transport while it was being maneuvered into a dive during a test. This theory is supported by the fact that the -wing was found 150 feet from the main body of the machinef also a tail section was the same distance away. -- ~ Another $500,000 can and will be appropriated for another craft as large or larger, but the 10 men whose lives were snuffed out in the crash cannot be restored. One human life is as valuable as another from the'individual's standpoint, but the fact remains the 10 who were killed were officials or skilled pilots and technicians--a tremendous loss to aviation. SHARPER TRADE RIVALRY EXPECTED A logical result of the increased tariff against German, goods shipped to.the United States will be greater competition between the Reich and Uncle Sam for South American markets. Presumably the President had not failed to think of this when the tariff order was issued. In view of the fact that her trade with America will be practically cut off, Germany, facing a bad export situation, will probably try desperately to build up her barter business with the Latin Americans. At the same time it may be expected the United States will attempt to set up other agreements such as with Brazil. But unless we can out-maneuver him, Hitler stands i to benefit in the long run, for some day the restrictions Mr. Roosevelt has ordered will be lifted. ^0 EXCUSE FOR TREA'CHERV David Lawrence blames greed and selfishness of Britain and Prance largely for conditions in Europe, in that they refused to treat the German republic of the after-war days fairly arid justly; "by loading impossible reparations on the German people .and keeping the country in a state of economic subjection. That had been said often before Lawrence wrote it and accepted by many observers as true. But that does not explain away the deceitfuluess of Dictator Hitler. The German people are largely the victims of the cupidity of their rulers. Wilhelm led, rather pushed, them into tho 'world conflict. Hitler is driving them they "know not where. 1'RIVATE CAPITAL THE NEED Dr. Herman B. Wells, president of Indiana University, predicts a 15 per cent upturn in business this year. But there are two strings tied to the forecast. First is that there is no European war; second, that private capita! investment must lead the way. By no other means than a free flow of private capital can there be any appreciable prosperity. This has been demonstrated. The novice knows that Government spending cannot take its place. Priming the pump is nothing more than getting the flow of water in a well started. It takes very little effort thereafter. The same rule may "he applied to private capital and what it can accomplish. STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Douglass, D. D. CHRIST AND MARS After viewing trie magnificent cathedral ot Rheims which wjs so badly shattered by shell fire during the war, one is driven by tile guide past ruins of an ancient arch, dedicated centuries ago by the Romans to the. god of war, Mars. In spite of the fact that the City of Rheims was fearfully shelled at the time, this arch, for some reason, wa never touched. The building dedicated to the Prince of Peace was shatteied and almost demolished; the arch dedicated to the ancient god oJ war was untouched. It looks almost as if the assailants of the city were led by some unconscious power to spare the arch dedicated to blood- letting, and to wreak their fury upon the Christian church which Flood as a protest against their killing. But Rheims is still standing and will continue to stand. Even if it had been destroyed, the thing it stood for would have remained. For the peoples ot the world down in their hearts believe in peace. 'They may be misled at limes by propaganda, but their laces are turned to the dawning oÂ£ a n'sw day. It remains to be seen' whether or nol there will be another world war, but that Mars is awaiting execution and the Prince oC Peace is awaiting coronation is the conviction of the men and women of faith in all countries. rights reserved--Babson Newspaper Syndicate. What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. No thorn in the Roosevelt Administration's side has hurt worse than the United States General Accounting Office. This office is one of the 85 or 90 so-called "independent agencies" created by Congress from time to time to attend to various duties which Congress itself is too busy to deal with in delail. They're variously described as "offices," "boards," "commissions," "aulhori- ies," "councils," et cetera. They have Â·ertain executive and certain judicial unctions, but essentially they repre- ent delegations of congressional jower. They include such outfits as .he Interstate Commerce Commission, -he United Stales Board of Tax Ap- )eals, the Veterans Administration, he Tennessee Valley Authority, the Reconstruction Finance Corporation 1 Sidelights There is no time like spring. When life's alive in everything, Before new nestlings sing, Before cleft swalows speed their journey back Along the trackless track. When it comes to failure to catch fish, in Florida as well as m Con- neUsville, one can fall back on the fish market Only at Jacksonville one is nearer the ocean--only about 20 miles away. That is the consolation Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Briney, former Connellsvillians, find after locating in the Deep South. "We are very much settled here," say the Brmeys in a letter to Associate Editor James M. Driscoll, "and we like it very much. The climate is ideal. The new job (Mr. Brmey formeily a foreman for (he Forl Wayne Corrugated Paper Company and lots of others--among them the I here ' 1S now general superintendent why not add "Death Valley ScoUy," ' o f the plant of the National Con- the gu whose hobby used to be taincr Corporation at Jacksonville) is going along very nicely. We hated to leave Conncl!s%'iUe, for after nine years of pleasant associations in a 4s Others Think ENTHUSIASM IN .WORK (Cumberland News.) A local executive says thai the biggest and gieatesl asset that an employe can bring to his employer is enthusiasm. "The man who is truly enthusiastic about his woi'it," this man says, "is sure to succeed. It is the one element that eliminates drudgeiy from hard or disagreeable work, and makes the accomplishment of task a pleasure. 'Enthusiasm will a disagreeable ork wonders and accomplish much. Work is not work but a pleasure, when you arc sufficiently inteiesled in it to be enthusiastic. The successful man is the man who is vitally interested to the extent that his foremost thought NEWSUEHMDI THE NEWS By WAb.Lu\ijiUN, Mar. 22.--It seems 1-iull, but there are others, tor in- every time the U. S. injects a word into the] European controversy, State Secretary Hull is out of town. Last April 19, last December 22, last week, it was the same. In each case, Sumner Welles, the undersecretary and closer political pal ot Mr. Roosevelt, stance, everyone Icr.ows Mr. Hull hates dictators, but not with the intensity of an old-fashioned leftist, and possibly not tho depth oÂ£ Mr. Welles or Mr. Roosevelt. The President called Securities Ex- woias. The oniy one occasion in the past to accomplish. All ..else comes afterward. I should advise every worker, in. in September At that lime, Mr. whatever position, to cultivate en- j Welles raced back and arrived in the year has it been different. Mr. Hull 1 was on hand for the Munich crisis thus'.asm in his work, for then it will never be a drudgery and he will never grow old. Without enthusiasm one can be an old man at thirty, and with it he can be young at seventy." Enthusiasm in one's work means that one is happy with it, and the pursuit oÂ£ happiness is one of the main objects of life. One may as well be happy and, generally speaking, one car. be. It makes life much more worth while. Stray Thoughts By S. M. DellUl'F or the President himself, injected the change Chairman Douglas on the telephone the day before his appointment to the Supreme Court was announced, and gave him the news. Douglas apparently told no one except his wife. A few hours before the announcement was made, his aides debated whetner to tell him a Supreme Court selection was about to be made. They decided not, for fear he might ba disappointed. Only doubt in Mr. Roosevelt's mind was whether the SEC involvement Continued on Page Eight. midst of things. Mr. Hull never races back. This last time he continued to sun himself in Florida. He had a bad cold. The only conclusion drawn in the inner circle is that the Piesident relies on Mr. Welles as much as Mr. There must liave been a Hitler or a Mussolini at the time someone said: "Spare the rod and spoil the child." Two Tight fans always to be found in local ringside seals are B. O. I freight agent, Wade Atkins and i tonsorialist Jimmy Caterino. Ten i men and a half million dollars worth ' of airplane, all scrambled, broken,' crushed and lifeless, constitutes sci-1 ence's latest, up-to-the-minute con! tribution to presen. day speed madness. To that list of forgotten folks, Â·eneraj Accounting OfTice. denies that there are too many of hem; that they overlap and conflict; hat they're confusing and wasteful; that they need consolidation and clarification almost from top to bot- :om. . They were established wholesale in early post-war days. President Coolidge wanted something done about them. So did President Hoover. Congress agreed and does yet, but Congress is dilatory. President Roosevelt, coming into office, became very urgent. Accordingly, there was introduced at the last session of the National Legislature the celebrated "governmental reorganization" plan, ostensibly designed to put some sense into ! Â£ :m. Balked. The trouble was that the scheme, primarily of White House origin, aimed at giving practically complete control over these set-ups to the President, whereas Congress claims complete control over them. Congress was willing to let the Chief Executive make lecomir.endatlons, but not to put them into effect without legislative indorsement. The judicial wing of the Government didn't care so much, for the Supreme Court has the power to town, one hates to start all over again in a strange place. However we've met some very nice folks here already and think we'll be right at home shortly. Even that doesn't keep us from missing our Connellsville friends a great deal." Then the Brineys tell about fishing: "We've been out once but expect to go soon again. You know this is supposed to be a fishermen's i paradise. You hnve cither sail or water, -whichever you prefer, f the fish aren't nullify acts of Congress by declaring them unconstitutional. But here was a case in which the President sought power superior to the legislative branch--at which Congress balked, for Congress is exceedingly jealous of its rights under the Constitution. Consequently the "reorganization bill" fizzled at that session. Yet it's up again this time. At present the scheme is to give Congress a qualified veto power over presidential reorganization proposals --more of a veto than the President lilces, but not as much of a veto as a lot of congressmen demand. How lhat controversy will come out is problematic. " There's another thing, though, insisted or. by many lawmakers, which the White House resents exceedingly. This item lists certain bureaus that the President is not permitted to tinker with at all. One of them is the General Accounting Office. And, of all others, the General Accounting OITice is the set-up the Administration wants to "doctor." Passes on Expenditures. Congress invented the General Accounting Office in 1821. The General Accounting Office's job is to decide whether an expenditure, by an executive official, is O. K. If so, he gets his money back. If not, it comes out oÂ£ his own pocket. Congressmen-realized that the office chief (the comptroller general) would ba subjected to tremendous pressures. Therefore it gave him a 15-year irrevocable term, not subject to reappointment. He was to be made as independent as the traditional "hog on ice." INDOOR GOLF At canvas stretched osalnet a Â·wall. The golfing demon drives a ball And in a room where blows no breexe Makes shots which greatly seem to please. All winter long 'tis very nice To drive without that fatal slice, And nicer still to hit a ball Where there's no sign ot rough at all 'TIS pleasant In an atUc nook To thin* you've lost that JÂ»tal hook, Â·Ad driving where no bunkers wait The shots you make arc always straight. 33ut it's a very different thing To hit a golf ball In the spring And down the fairway make It go. Especially when head winds blow. Yes, it's a very different thing To stand upon the tee and swing And hit the ball and watch H go Off yonder where the pine trees grow. The lalesl addition lo the United States Federal parks system is the Badlands National monument in southwestern South Dakota, which contains 150,103,41 acres and some of the most important geological features in the world. J. J. Driscoll says they're just as often of! the feed in Florida as in the Yough or elsewhere here) you can always find a fish market and buy some good ones. Now, that is 'fishermen's paradise,' eh?" chartei ing special railroad Irams and squandering money like a Harry Hopkins? Was tickled to pieces few evenings ago to hear a youthful Charleroi accordionist "steal the show" on a nationally listened-to radio amateur hour. And that same evening, was almost tempted to long distance Dizzy Dean and Gabby, Hartnett to stick to baseball and let radio dramatics strictly alone. And I have every reason lo believe that Ernest R. Kooser regularly samples these comments--silly and slipshod as they are. Away from her home nine tenths of her time, it isn't surprising that Mrs. Franklin Delano Roosevelt had to be reminded of a trifling domestic matter--such as her i wedding anniversary. Judging from | the number of autos I see parked on city streets in the early mornings, most garages muat be built for purely ornamental purposes. Let's go to press. There won't be any tossing of a com to break a tie in the election of a director of the Rotary Club -if General Thomas D. Gardner has his way. President E. R. Kooser decreed after the voting last Thursday for a board of seven members that Mr. Gardner and William H. Soisson should thus decide which of the two would be the seventh. So T. D. wrote the president yesterday withdrawing his name. "Bill is a charter member and in all fairness lie should be a director, inasmuch as he has never held the office. Therefore I am withdrawing and shall refuse to participate in any coin tossing," the general told the Sidelighter. Factographs College students talk In their sleep, a survey shows. Forty-one per cent of the men and 37 per cent of the women have this habit. Long, full skirts, pleated In front, are a required part of the dress ol Siamese girls, but they may wear Paris blouses wilh same. The first ballot developed a three- way tie for two places on the board. On the second ballot E. Stanley Phillips was elected but Tom and Bill wero still knotted. Before the result was announced both had le!t the meeting room, hence the presidential coin flipping order. Â· The flrst ballot resulted in the election of S. T. Benford, W. G. Davis, E. R. Kooser, W. T. Smith and Ira D. Younkin, from a field of 14. From pyridine, an almost valueless by-product of coal, has come a price* less drug that is being hailed as the, long sought cure for pneumonia. Pyridine is used in making the amazing new ani-pneumonia weapon, called sulfapyrJdine. The pyridine is manufactured at the Neville Island plant ot the Pittsburgh Coke Iron Company in Pittsburgh. For 4Q years' pyridine was virtually a waste by-product In the making of coke. Its only use was in denaturing alcohol and in making paint remover. Today pyridine Is a magic word. Composed of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen, _it emerges when , finally distilled as a clear, colorless, pungent oil. After further elaborate treatment by manufacturing chemists in New York, it takes the form of little white tablets which, taken like aspirin, put the dread killer, pneumonia, to rout. It continues to add weight to the maxim that it's the Httlc things--not the biggest and cos- Hest--lhat are most valuable. And of course ConnellsviUe physicians are interested. Sooner or Later By WALTER E. CHORPEKNING Must we supinely 3tt and v-'oit. While madmen batter freedom's gate? Must we, too, close our eyes and ears To Czechia's stream of scalding tears" Are U'e to see again the Teuton horde With gas and flre and dripping sword Cut down the poor defenseless, weak, To gain the evil ends they seek? With freedom beaten to Ills knees What profit trying to appease Hydra-headed hellions such as these? Shall mad-dog Hitler never know The sound of free men's ringing NO! No prophet needed to ioretell The world is at the brink of hell I Gird world, for battle as of old! If freedom dies what good is gold! Make ready Â£uns and fearless sons for soon or late we fight the Huns! The chance ot one's being murdered is said to be 40 times greater in New York than in London. One-tenth of the potatoes eaten in the United States are grown in Maine, DAVIDSON'S- "Meet Me at DavidsonV we've combed the market to turn your head with EASTER HATS Rough Straws! Smooth Straws! Fabric Hats! , Debonair Felts! Pique Lingerie Trims! Bef lowered Hats! Veils, Ribbons! Not a thought but oÂ£ Spring in your pretty head after you see these hats! Hats profusely covered with flowers. Sailors, whole seas of them. What better mates for suits? Shiny straws and dull straws. Sky pointing crowns to send your spirits still higher. Every shape irom the pancake-flat turban to tho new cloche bonnet. Sometimes. anchored by ribbons -. -. ^sometimes by colorful veils . . . sometimes bv snoods. Not a dull hat in the lot: 1.95 to 10.00 I "MY BANK" The man who calls the National Bank and Trust Company of ConneUsville "My Bank" expresses in one phrase the most desirable relationship between an institution devoted to public service and its customers. Such intimate and informal expressions of "ownership" are gratifying to use because they cfearly reflect the i friendly co-operation and painstaking service to which our officers and staff have dedicated themselves. of Connellsville Member Jb'edoral Deposit Insurance Corp.