Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 7, 1974 · Page 11
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Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 11

Charleston, West Virginia
Issue Date:
Sunday, July 7, 1974
Page 11
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Page 11 article text (OCR)

Analysis · CHOU EN LAI Chou Woe A Danger To Calm By WiUiim L. Ryu The yOfocfeimf frett Any development seeming to diminish the towering authority of Premier Chou En- lai poses a danger for that country of new political explosions sparked by factional struggle for power. Chou. 76. was reported Friday by the New China News Agency to have met in a hospital with visiting Sen. Henry Jackson. D-Wash. Chou has admitted lately to feeling unwell, blaming his indisposition on his age. This unquestionably will arouse grave speculation in the West on what is likely to happen inside China or what might happen to Chou's current policies should he be required to relax his grip on the top rung of the ladder. At stake, for example, may be the new relationship with the United States, begun with President Nixon's 1972 visit. The vast country of 800 million has been showing a relatively serene facade to the outside world for a short while lately, despite rumblings hinting a new round of cultural revolution and a perplexing nationwide campaign denouncing the teachings of the ancient sage Confucius. * * * BEHIND THE FACADE, however, lines of political battle seemed to have been forming ever since the sudden purge and death of Defense Minister Lin Piao and his closest followers in late 1971. Lin, now the target of extravagant abuse, in the anti-Confucius campaign, had been publicly and officially annointed as successor to the mantle of Mao Tse-tung only two years before the purge. Mao, who will be 81 in December, is known to have confessed to visitors that he is ailing and feeling the burden of all those turbulent years. There is, thus, a prospect of the two topmost leaders leaving the center of a stage they'd occupied together as party and revolutionary leaders since the 1931s and leaders of the nation since 1949. Other leading figures at the level of the ruling Politburo surely must be calculating the possibilities. But most of those are themselves at an advanced age and only a few would have the vigor and stamina required for a full- dress power struggle. The younger ones, incidentally, are of the radical wing of the Communist party, led by what some China "watchers call the Shanghai Mafia. * * * IF THE MODERATE wing should prevail, shrewd Teng Hsiao-ping, the aging, longtime sidekick of Chou, might emerge as one of the nation's dominant figures, as indeed he once had been when he occupied the position of general secretary of the party. Teng was denounced and disgraced in the incredibly violent 1966-69 cultural revolution, but was rehabilitated in 1971 and became Chou's top deputy premier, again a Politburo member. He has taken much of the burden of the premiership from Chou's fragile shoulders. If the radical wing should previal, Wang Hung-wen, 39, a rising new star from Shanghai and youngest member of the Politburo, likely would emerge as a power in league with such figures as Chiang Ching, Mao's firebrand wife, and Yao Wen-yuan, her pro- tege on the Politburo. There is an odd contradiction in all this. Chiang Ching evidently is a member is a member of the wing that opposes Chou's policy, but to do so she'd have to oppose Mao as well. Apparently, she hadn't enough political clout to endanger Chou so long as he continued to serve as Mao's right bower and indispensable man. But with Chou out of the picture, things likely would be different and the power struggle could blossom along pro- Chou and anti-Chou lines. What would the emergence of a radical wing to power mean with regard to Chinese foreign policy? It could have a serious effect on the new Chinese-American, relationship, since the radical wing has seemed to have been critical of Chou's opening to the Americans. But with regard to the Soviet U n i o n , the chances of any reconciliation between the Chinese and Soviet Communist parties would remain dim, and in fact; perhaps be even slimmer than before. The key to what happens when Chou surrenders his power may be in the armed forces. Thus, army figures from time to time have been targets of persistent, though cautious, political attack from the radical wing. The situation with regard to the army remains clouded, however, it has had its own troubles and sharp divisions since the poli'.- ical upheavals of the late 1950s. Jackson Confirms Report of Illness By Steve Wilson TOKYO (AP) - Premier Chou En-lai is in a Peking hospital recuperating from an undisclosed illness. Sen. Henry M. Jackson said Saturday night after reluming from a six-day visit to China. Jackson, who spoke with the 76-year-old Chinese leader for 30 minutes Friday morning, said their conversation confirmed reports that Chou had been sick, although he is now recovering and his mind is still sharp. "I pass no judgment on his physical condition other than to say that he told me he had been ill and not feeling well," said the Washington Democrat on a brief stopover in Tokyo before returning to Washington. "I made M attempt t* diag- ·we his physical cwditiMt" Jacksti said. Bit he said "there jMt isn't any fKStiM ahMt hh BMNal aMlty to * aboard a U.S..government plane. Jackson said he talked with Chou in one room of a Peking hospital suite. After the conversation, Chou stood with the senator and his wife Helen for photographs and saw them to the door without any assistance, he said. "The man is terribly- sharp," Jackson said. "He was quick, well informed. Obviously he has been ill. I do not know the nature of his illness. * * * "he premier was ^ on everything I was interested and tiM that was rather Ariensive. pri he was most repomhre toUte questions 1 raised/* Jackson saM hi M interview JACKSON'S SESSION with Chou was the premier's first meeting with a foreigner since the end of May, when subordinates began representing Chou at official functions in Peking. Jackson arrived in China Monday and spent his time mostly in meetings with high Chinese officials, he said. Jackson said that his IS hoars of talks with Chinese officials had allowed him the op- portmity to indentand the Chinese better tjjl for the Chinese to ·ndeisgd America. parttcilarly the role of M the H S I B i l Y M | dC.H' '0 I · OMN 1 DAILY 10 to II SUNDAY 1T07 SUNDAY, JULY 7 ONLY WHILE QUANTITIES LAST NORO.CO LADIES' SHAVER Slim, compatt 'b«outy-wond' that's so easy to use! One side's for shoving legs and underarms, trie other's for trimming. On-off switch. New Beige and Gold plush colors. 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