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ilil'j I J / v l J j I ./UUivlliili., 1..UI 1 SI? THE COURIER COMPANY James J. Driscoll R. A. Donegan Walter S. Stiramel James M. Driscoll _ J. Wylie Driscoll Publisher -President and General Manager --_--Secretary and Treasurer Editor Associate Editor' -Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF / Audit Bureau of Circulations / Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau oÂ£ Advertising, A. N. P. A. I . Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Â· Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by mail II paid-in advance. , Entered as second class matter at the Postofflce, Conncllsville, Pa. WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 0, 1938. BATE DECISION DISAPPOINTS CAKBIEKS The railroads were granted an increase in freight rates yesterday by the Interstate Commerce Commission, but not the 15 per cent they asked and for which they had boon Â·working and hoping for months. The commission announced a 10 per cent horizontal boost, -with exemptions, including bituminous coal, coke and iron ore. Experts dc- Â· dared the exemptions -would decrease the level tcT flvo per .. cent. That being .so the carriers are far from what they Â· sought to-rescue them from'the threat of bankruptcy. . Immediately after the decision the President made known he will confer next -week with leaders of the in- Â· dustry, railway labor, congressional experts and government officials to "flnd a way, if possible," for the roads to solve their problems, which will still exist. Along with the decision of the commission there was an opinion by Commissioner Carroll Miller in which it was held that "consolidation of all the railroads into one system would be the real solution of the problem and manifestly would result in reduction of expenses to such an extent that rates could bo materially reduced." Maybe that angle will be considered by the President in his conferences. lie evidently leans that way. Merger into one system would undoubtedly clip off a lot of large salaries. Meanwhile the hope for early recovery through railroad buying for improvements is dimmed. If granted a 15 Â· per cent increase the roads had-pledged the expenditure of a ' billion a year for improvements. It is estimated the increase .will bring them $270,000,000--a little over a quarter of a billion. MB. TVEIHE ADMITS BOARD PLIGHT President Clyde R. Welhe, of the Board of Education told his colleagues Monday night that an increase in taxation for school purposes is-imminent; that the amount will depend on the manner in which the taxpayers meet their obligations'in the near future, meaning principally payment of the final installment of tiie 1937 levy, which is due-April 1, under the four-payment plan. This is estimated at around $12,000, if payments keep pace with those of the preceding periods. The board received its State appropriation.of $36,987, but immediately it was necessary to pay out $19,000 of this sum to meet the February payroll. Monday night the balance was further reduced by payment of bills amounting to more than $7,000. Delinquent taxes hold out the only additional hope of keeping down the deficit at the end of the fiscal year. Delinquent collections by the county treasurer in 'Uniontown during January amounted to $1,467. The figure for February is not available. Sale of properties for delinquent taxes is set for April 4. Collections for the final month before that time may be expected to yield more than January or February. What this sum may be Is anyone's guess. Tax sales have been postponed so often many are willing to take a chance that April sale will be. Some probably do not have the means to pay. The Board of Education must raise the millage suf- " ficiently to meet not only the commitments for the coming year but make up the current year's deficit. THE CONSCIENCE OF A BOLSHEVIK Webster defines conscience as "sense or consciousness of right or wrong." In words we once learned, it is the little monitor within which guides us in the right path. The word must be missirig-from tho dictionary of the Soviet Union. Â· One Is led to the concrasoln by reading of the orgy of,murder and.plo.tted murder jwithin the Stalin regime and the'ranks-of-the opposition.:-"" Â· Human life is" on:a.level-with,, or.below, the brute creation. Even'nien of'high" rank In'political and civic life " are inoculated with thVhomicIdal germ. Testimony, at .the.'trial of'alleged plotters against the Stalin dictatorship'reveals-'the "former head of a great hospital, at Moscow deliberately.killed Maxim Gorky, the noted Russian writer. 'The physician':himself,-on'the-stand, admitted causing the writer's" death" "by administering the wrong medicine. His defense was'the'head of the dreaded secret police ordered him to. do so under threat of his own death. No more dastardly crime could be charged to a physician than deliberately taking the life of a patient to get rid of him for political reasons. Before killing Gcrky the hospital head admitted he killed the "writer's'son, just because he was ordered to do so to rid the union of "a worthless son who drinks too much." This was only one of many poison plots. With the leaders of a nation so devoid of adherence to the principles of right and wrong, anything might be expected were it to succeed in its program to bolshevize the world. Gorky was an advocate of freedom. He visited America during the height of his career in behalf of his downtrodden fellow citizens. REPKESENTATIVES DODGE TAX BILL Members of the House of Representatives continue their lack of Interest in the tax bill. A few more than a fourth of the members were in their esats when the House rejected a motion for repeal of the undistributed profits assessment, against which business is" solidly aligned. The vote was 7S against repeal to 33 for. There are 435 members in the House. One hundred eleven voted. The proposal to repeal the obnoxious tax was of Republican origin. Whether Republican or Democratic sponsored, important' legislation should have the. attention of the legislators hired by the people to look after their interests. They are not getting it, the figures show. As to the repealer'itself. It was attacked by Representative Fred Vinson, Democrat, as -"coming from the high citadel of thq.Chamber.of .Commerce of the United States." If so, why not? The chamber represents the business Interests of the country at largo, including Conuellsville and Fayette county. The welfare of business had better be considered the welfare of its employes. Both suffer if it is not. By DAVID LAWRENCE W/Ws W/iat a Glance WASHINGTON, Mar. 9.--Strange is it may seem, the free intercourse oÂ£ the several stales or the United Slates with each other has been broken down by a tariff wall which las been, for the time being, legalized with respect to one Industry-the maU'ing and sale of beer--but which, if the principle is finally up- icld by the Supreme Court of the United States, can only mean tint other tariff barriers can be erected under similar guises. Thus, for example, after midnight of March 14 next, the state of Michigan will refuse to permit beer manufactured in Indiana and eight oxh- er stales from crossing the boundaries of Michigan. There's no objection to' Indiana beer as such nor is there anf objection to the consumption of beer as sucli by tho people of Michigan, but it so happens that Indiana has a vicious law which makes it difllcult for Michigan beer to come into Indiana. The action or the state of Michigan might appear on the surface to be unconstitutional. How. it will be asked, can one sl.itc put up an "embargo against another state? Ihe facts arc that, when California enacted n law,putting a heavy tax on the privilege of importing beer into that state, the Supreme Court of the United Stales in vlmt is known as the Young's market cise, in October, 1937, held that the 21st Amendment, known as the -''repeal" amendment, effectually removed (he commerce in intoxicating liquors from the protection of the commerce clause of the Constitution. Justice Brandcis, in sneaking for the court, held that a slate could, if it chose, set up a beer monopoly and that it could restrict importation al- together, or let beer come as it pleased, because the 21st A ncnd- mcnt says that importation of liquor into a stale "In violation of the J.iw;; thereof" is prohibited. Taking advanlage oÂ£ that decision, various states like Indiana and Pennsylvania promptly saw opportunities to give advantages to their local brewers by keeping out or making it difficult for national beers to come into their states. Missouri and Michigan now hnve retaliated with what By CHARLKS P. STEWART WASHINGTON. Mar. 9 . -- H c r r Hitler's order prohibiting German citizens, resident or sojourning in the United States, from belonging to organizations like the Amorika- Dcutsche Volksbund or German- American Bund is all right, of courf. While they are here the ruichs- fuehrer has no authority over them. Supposing thnt they disregard his uknso, he can't penalise them immediately. ' but his nolice is lo Ihe STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl b. Douglass, D. D. arc known' as anti-discrimination j cfrcct tlln i nc Wl] | ', ]ot ta ko tiicir part hiws. These simply designate nine . . . . . . . . states whose beer products cnnnot enter Michigan. These two laws have been upheld in the lost few weeks by thrcc-judfie Federal courts in Missouri and Michigan, respectfully. In the Michigan case, the court said: "Michigan, finding the markets of other states closed to its own industry while its own market is open to unlimited competition, is free to seel; legislative correction of an rncquat competitive condition within (he limits of its power. It may not, of course, exercise extra-territorial power or control the legislatures of its sister states, but it is illc to deny it power to regulate its own industry and control its own market to the extent that its industries arc elsewhere excluded, and to the extent thiit such exclusion threatens their economic stability, and It is not nn unreasonable clasiflcation to discriminate against out-slate products in respect to their source when the laws of the state of origin create the evil sought to be remedied and the classification operates equally upon all who full within its reach." What the Federal Court pv.r.ls out Continued on Page Seven, In the News BricÂ£ Comment on Current Events Here and There. The'program the Mozart Club presented Monday evening at the Virginia Griiham studio In North Pittsburg street was one that would have pleased any audience, especially whore 'nil;, the participants arc known; It" was a costume rccita arranged by Mrs. John 1\ Dubson. Picture.these* well-known musicians in unusual attire: Mrs. Warren Decker as a Japanese maiden; Miss Martha Grace Driscoll as a nun; Mrs. J. W. Collins and Mrs. S. K. Hucy as Irish twins; Miss Yolanda F.isola as an Italian signorina, a diminutive signora; Miss Jean Hoover iti a Hoop skirt of the days of old. Too bad not more people had the opportunity to see and hear. Scottdale Council has so managed tho affairs of the borough thnt a reduction of a mill In the tax for 19.18 was possible. Instead of 18 the people will be asked to do their bes! in making prompt payment of the 17 mills agreed upon, when the duplicate is ready. Mount Pleasant Council voted to^gct along with the same levy as last year, 15 mills. Three days remain of the used car exposition in the downtown streets One advantage of such a display is that the prospective buyer can walk for nearly a half mile in Crawford avenue and Pittsburg street inspecting the offerings of the pnrticipaling dealers. There are many cxcellcnl cars on display. The sale will Â«:nd Saturday night. Reporting a net loss of over a million dollars in Its operations for 193' tho Pittsburgh Coal Company deplores the fact that its competitors in other lines of fuel and substitutes --anthracite, oil, gas and hydro-electric power--are unregulated. It fears they will continue their encroachment on the energy markets supplied by bituminous coal. Another menace pointed out is the tendency of large users of coal "to avoid the payment of higher prices for cool which seem to them unwarranted,' by opening their own mines. The State Bureau of Drug Control has on a drive to rid the State of the men who control,the distribution. oÂ£ "reefers" -- narcotic-filled cigarek. Among several centers-, the nefarious business is canied on is Pittsburgh, from which the sales arc spread over Western Pennsylvania. There is no conscience to the vendor of narcotic drugs. As Others I kink WHO OWNS AMERICA? (Detroit Free Press.) Americans are frequently told by soapboxers and other demagogs that two per cent of their number own 80 to 00 per cent of their country's wealth. And American workers are told, quite as often, that they are not getting their fair share of the earnings of the corporations which employ them, while the stockholders in these corporations are getting more than their fair share. The American Federation of Investors has just completed a survey of 110 leading industrial corporations in the United States with findings that challenge both these allegations. The stock in these coiporations was owned in 19:(7 by 4,193,666 persons, o received something more than $1,000,000,000 in dividends, although the stockholder'; in twelve of the corporations got no dividends at all. An average of 2,Â«4,315 workers were employed by the same corpora,ions during the year. And their total p.iy roll amounted .0 more than $Â·),000,000,000. The importance of these figures ics in their showing of the wide liffusion of corporate securities mong the people and the revelation hat tho employes of the-ie typical Â·oipor.itions got lour-llfih* of" their distributed cDrnmns. with only onu- llth left for those who ,ut tip the noncy lo lin,.nce tiicni. Just Folks By EDCAn A. GUEST SELF-SACRIFICE There waÂ« the goal which both had sought Ami fnlo had brought them tide by tide! Old friends who'd shared u common thoupht. Nor 'twixt the tuo could men decide. The vote was cqunl. There they Blood. With one alone to croÂ« tho line. And then he spoke 1 We knew hp would-"I'd rather hh crown Ui.in mine! "I still hnve time. Perhopi tome day Thlt chance may come again to me. liut we h.-nc ntrujrclcd up the way And here nt ulory's Bate arc we. ThrotiKh days of storm and weuther fair We've readied this topmost peak of pride. Dut only one Uic crown may wear. if they make themselves objectionable to Uncle Sam's officials and are, for example, deported. And. if they are deported--sent buck to Germany --he can make it mightily unpleasant for them when they get there. There is nothing empty, therefore, in his warning to Germans, in this county only as visitors, lo keep out of Yankee politics. I would not have thought that we have 400,000 unnaturalized Germans in our midst, as estimated, but the principle stands, tegardless of their exact number. However, Hitler cannot dictate to Americanly naturalized Germans, or to Americans of German descent, by one or two generations. Perhaps, indeed, we might cancel a naturalized German's American citizenship and ship him buck to the Fatherland, but we could not do so in the case of a so-called German-American who was born here--and maybe his father and grandfather also. And quite a few of these descendants appear to be Bund members. It Is necessary to consider them locally. Now, is it permissible to tell these folk--Americans of long standing, Jikc the rest of us--that they cannot advocate Na7i-is-m, as generally desirable politically and economically? I do not like their doctrine. I do not like Fascism or Communism or miscellaneous Socialism. But I would not say that a Nazi, a Commun'st, a Fascist or the advocate of any other sort of an "ism" should be forbidden to preach his own "dope," io long as he goes no farther than to advocate it. Yet we have had u superior court judge at Gary, Ind., recently issuing nn injunction agninsl the Volksbund And so for him 1 step aside!" Small men of that would never think. Vain men would but themselves befriend. From inch an act the proud would shrink. The mean would quarrel to the end. For with the dream ol year* at stake. When hearts and minds arc bcinK tried, That some one clw the crown may take, Only the Kreat man steps aside 1 DO.V'T SPLIT YOUR TICKET A colored preacher was once asked thrcc-cornvi "d cssting of ballots Is to explain the doctrine of election. I'M dccis-ivc element in every moral I'onderir.g the question fr.r ;c moment situation. We can bo sure wnat the hu replied "It's so-nothing like this; devil and the Lord ure fioln,, to do the Lord's al-vays castm' His vote with reference ti us; the doublful for y'u, and the devil's -ilways castm' voter is oursrl'. / his'n agin y'u. It depends on the Aryd it ir well to remcml/er thai way you vote which way the election it is disastrous In such an election goes." ' to split the- tickoi). Here, of all times: A theologian would hesitate lo ac- we should vote straight. The Loid's cijpt that as an entirely satisfactory candidates and the devil's never explanation of the doctrine of clec- work well together in a coalition tlon, but that it is a precise stalement government. Tho only way to be of a great fact in life no one can happy is to cast a straight vote for deny. The way we vote in thut rightcousr.css *no s'-ick to it. All rights rcbervcd--Babson Newspaper Syndicate. from soliciting members, holding meetings, hiring halls, from vlllifyinc ary injunction. Nevertheless, it ilruck me as queer races or from altacking principles of j Anglo-Saxon jurisprudence. the United States Constitution. My motto would be, "Lei 'em To be sure, it was only r. tcmpor-_ agitate'indefinitely." If pu lose Tjour purse.. and your cash is safely deposited in a checking account--you have little cause for worry. A checking account safeguards your money... It eliminates the need of carrying sizeable sums /with you. ' In addition, a checking account can save you many steps and many valuable minutes, as well as give you accurate records of expenditures and legal receipts of payment. These modern conveniences can be yours--by simply calling at the bank and starting your account. THE N A T I O N A L B A N K A N D TRUST C O M P A N Y O F C O N N E L L S V I L L E Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Here Are Some-Good --from REDDY IN CASE OF EMERGENCY, CALL THE NEAREST WEST PENN OFFICE KILOWATT "Fly your kite in an open field, away from all traffic, electric lines, trolley wires and transmission towers. Avoid houses, frees, roads and streets. "Use strong cord--no wire or tinsel--and keep it dry. Wet string will conduct electricity or lightning--and metal can cause a 'short' if your kite should land on wires. "Keep a steady pull on the string. If the wind slackens, haul the kite down. Add more tail if the kite darts or dives. "If your kite should land on wires or a pole, don't climb after it or try to knock it down with sticks and stones. The kite is sure to be worthless anyway--and you may damage wires, cutting off the electricity from many homes."