Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 7, 1974 · Page 1
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July 7, 1974

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 1

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, July 7, 1974
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GAZETTE-MAIL Charleston, Wesl Virginia, Sunday Morning, July 7,1974 C I T Y E D I T I O N STATE FORECAST - Sunny and warm. Highs in the 80s. iows in the Ws. More weather on Page 5A. 30 C«its W^^^^^^^^.^S^^:^^M;A': ::-;.:.: ; /:-, .':-·:·' ^"^ d'-'. : . v;--. .- "';.;· ". ' -.·· l A T M t A Z I M I f t A N D W O R L D ' S I I I :·"-.-, t,-l ·'·*·" x-fW.jf', f is!f,X f 4r. ifftre'f.tVMfj £···* '/·',.,'.-... Sf'.v.'-s.-.-:"-""--- ·'..-.....--.. ·...·:".·:-·.,:-: · · ; · · · · - , -..' . ./."::.:x " - · . - ·/:.-,·'·:'. · ../.· f · · · · · · - . ' , ., -,,· ., ^·'~ l ^j. / ~'Z/!7^' f *^,3^-.*^/\-^.'-'?'.'S'3F*^^-'fi^^ W T..^T-V"' w ^ ^.:TTM-'-^T- 1 "^ '··|;T F '! : T^ ^* ^^' . ' ' ^^ ^"^, ^^. TM ^^'^r ., 'CHECK DAY* IN LOGAN MEANS THOUSANDS WILL JAM CITY STREETS Millions of Dollars Flow Into Town Around Third of the Month -- AP Wirtphotos On 4 Check Day,' Logan Is Rich WOMAN LEAVES, BANK, MONEY IN HAND Stores Plan ? Sales for 'ChecIT Day 1 } By Strat Dovtkat LOGAN (AP)-This small town in the heart of the Appalachian coal fields lays claim to the startling statistic: It leads the nation in per capita retail sales. In simple language, this means that on the average the merchants sell more goods to its 3,300 residents and those in surrounding areas than do their counterparts in much larger and far more celebrated merchandis- New York timet, AP WASHINGTON - A new theory of how best to deal with the political dilemma presented by the impeachment inquiry has begun to take hold among the Republican leadership in the House of Representatives. The theory, briefly stated, is this: Unless the evidence against President Nixon is "positively overwhelming," as" one member put it, Republicans, aware of their own political futures, would be well advised to support the President. Rep. John J. Rhodes of Arizona, the Republican leader, has been one of the principal proponents of this attitude, he acknowledged in an interview this week. _ For months now, Republican House members have been struggling with the political dilemma presented by the fact that all of them, in all probability, will have to vote on impeachment well before election day in November. While considering the merits of the case, they have also had to think about what impact their votes will have on their own re-election prospects. Would an anti-Nixon vote alienate the Republican hard core? Would a pro-Nixon vote drive away the independents, who seemed to have deserted Republican candidates in most of this year's special elections? To the many of the Republican representatives whose districts are such that they can survive only by winning all the Republican votes and a substantial share of independents and Democrats, there appeared to be no satisfactory answers, Rhodes and some of his senior colleagues have concluded, in effect, that there is no use wording about the short- term political impact, and that members would do well to consider the long-term effect on their careers. One ranking member, who asked not to be identified, commented: "For some of our people, there's no way that they can vote that will save their seats. They're going to lose this time. But there will be other years after Watergate - and if they vote with the President, the pros will be ready to give them another try; if they don't no way." After one more week of hearing only the hits and piecu of impeachment evid-' ,eace that leak from the closed Wssions of the Hffse Jidi- ttar? Committee, flte Ameri- CM people fimtty may get a clever view of whether there is a case against President Nixon. The committee remains in closed session this week to Our Apology ForTrouble Due to a malfunction of a Charleston Newspapers Circulation Department telephone;.circuit breaker early Saturday, no^incoming .calls ;ivere, received. The problem was corrected at approximately J0:30 a, m. The circulation department apologizes to subscribers who were inconvenienced as a result of the malfunction: continue questioning witnesses who include John W. Dean III, the former White House counsel turned presidential accuser, and Herbert W. Kalmbach, once Nixon's personal attorney and political fund-raiser. But the week of July 15, the doors of the impeachment inquiry are scheduled to swing open for a public debate on whether there are grounds for the impeachment of the President. With the Democrats holding a decisive 21 to 17 majority on the judiciary committee, predictions are that it will recommend impeachment. But whether the majority can formulate a case that will attract Republican votes in committee and on the House . floor remains a question. ing meccas across the country. How much more is truly staggering. According to Charles "Chillie" Falls, head of the Logan Chamber of Commerce, the city's merchants take in approximately $35 million a year -- a figure that amounts to more than $10,000 per resident. The national average, according to the U.S. Bureau of the Census, is about $2,700. A spokesman for the business division of the Census Bureau says that while to his knowledge no current per capita retail list is available, Falls' figures "are super- high'' and well could lead the nation. · ..,··'-.. .·'. .._»· ' . . HOW IS such a thing possible in an area long though to be economically depressed? There are two obvious major reasons and several mitigating factors. First, the coal fields are booming. Spurred by last fall's oil crisis, the revived demand for coal has the industry going full blast. The second reason is best illustrated by a contemporary phenomenon that has come to be known locally as "check day." This is the day, usually the third of each month, that more than $2 million comes flooding into the country from the U.S. government and the of Ethiopia Civil War Danger Up Tweet Thing Look. Up on the bailing machine. It's a bird. How did it get into the mailing room of Charleston Neviapepers to find a perch on a piece , of equiprwRl that fastens bundles of papers? I Nobody knows. (Staff Photo by Lewis Raines) ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia(#)-- The young university graduate downed his second morning cup of thick, Ethiopian coffee, shrugged and remarked, "There's a saying. The country is in pieces but it never falls apart." Ethiopians are testing the adage as military reformers try to impose modem forms of democracy on a feudal system that has resisted change for more than 2,500 years. Ethiopian and Western observers agree that the past week marked a turning point in the struggle that brought reform nearer but increased the danger of violent civil strife. "The troops arrested too many big people. They can't keep them forever. They don't dare let them go and so far there's no sign that they know what to do with them," said a civil servant. "Some of these people are princes with private armies of their own. How much longer are they going to put up with this?" As the conflict sharpens, politicians and bureaucrats are ducking for cover. Some on the list for military arrest are taking long vacations in the country white the nation's problems are going untended. * Independence fever is spreading in Eritrea Province on the Red Sea, where antigovernment guerrillas have stepped up bombings, shootings and kidnaping*. Security forces seem powerless and some Eritreans are talking abort possible independence within two yean if the Eri- traai Liberation Fro* can re- United Mine Workers America. The tidal wave of dollars comes in the form of checks. Social Security, Black Lung and Miner's Retirement. Distributed equally, it would amount to $75 for each of the 40,000 men, women and children who reside in Logan County, 25,000 of them in the immediate Logan area. Hard behind this monthly wave of money comes a predictable orgy of spending. It begins immediately as the recipients of this annual $36 million windfall are lured into Logan's shops and stores by their own consummate desires and a rash of well-timed sales. . » ON ANY GIVEN check day, a. crowd.can be seen forming on the sidewalk outside the Natonal Bank of Logan shortly after 8 a.m. Some of the. people standing outside the bank are clutching as many as three checks totaling upwards of $600. By 10 o'clock, the streets and stores are jamed. Logan is squeezed between a mountain and a river and parking is always at a premium; on check days parking spaces are simply nonexistent. A Mardi Gras atmosphere envelopes the city. Traffic is bumper to bumper and shoppers -- laden with packages shout back and forth across Stratton and Main streets, Logan's two major thoroughfares. "You know," observed a retired Logan merchant as he surveyed the bustling Stratton Street crowd, "I believe it's even better now than it was back before the machines took all the jobs in the mines. At least it's better up until the middle of the month, things begin to die down about then." Ford Calm Defender In Panic BILL ROBERTS Aide Diicuiiei... GERALD FORD Do/lot Incident AP, N. Y. Timet DALLAS, Tex. -- A tough defense of President Nixon capped a day of frenzy and near panic surrounding Vice President Ford here Saturday. Ford launched an all-out supportive effort of the President moments after a shattered window in a police car ignited rumors that a sniper was loose in the area. Police later confirmed that heat caused the window to shatter. *·' . .· . FORD, in Dallas to dedicate the World Trade Center, said no offense has been proved against Nixon and he doubts the President can be tied to the Watergate coverup. The Vice President emphasized that he assumes Nixon would obey a Supreme Court order to turn over White House tapes to the Watergate special prosecutor, Leon Jaworski. "I think it is assumed any citizen -- the President included -- would abide by a decision of the Supreme Court," said Ford in a news conference before addressing the ceremonial gathering. "But a person involved in litigation Defense Cash Fight Brews EVEN MAYOR Robert McCormick, owner and operator of a clothing-furniture emporium and a man who likes to play up the boom and minimize the deluge of checks, admits it gets hectic on check day. "This is a busy town," the mayor said. "But we're even busier on the third of each month. This certainly is anything but a depressed area. The Chamber of Commerce says we're first in per capita retail sales in the nation." As evidence of Logan's largess, McCormick points to the construction of a new country club and to the facts that the local Sears catalouge store "does the biggest business of the 218 stores served by the Greensboro warehouse and that the AP and Kroger stores here are the biggest in the Columbus. Ohio, division." » LIKE MUCH of Appalachia, Logan County has for years been losing its young people. As a result, a preponderant percentage of the remaining residents is of retirement age. And. being located in the coal fields, many of these retirees are former coal miners, eligible for all three of the checks distributed on the third of the month. Statistics kept by Logan Social Security Administrator Bruce Hundley show that 10.690 county residents receive Social Security checks tota 1- ing $1555.110. Another 3.009 former miners and widows (1tntoPage7A,CiLl) (c) New York Time* Service WASHINGTON - The White House and the Pentagon are headed toward a multibillion-dollar decision -- and perhaps disagreement -- over whether this year's record defense budget should be increased still further because of inflation. For the moment, at least, the White House is determined to hold defense spending this fiscal year at the $85.8 billion level set in the President's budget in January. Roy L. Ash, director of the White House's Office of Management and Budget, said this week in an interview, "We are sure the defense department can live within this year's budget unless world conditions change." Terence E. McClary, the Defense Department controller, who was not aware in advance of Ash's hold-the-line position, said in an interview that the Defense Department was "seriously concerned" that it might not be able to "absorb" inflationary increases within its existing budget. McClary's suggestion was Spotlight Always on Sunday IB Building News 11D Business News 10D Classified Ads 5E-11E Columnists 2E-3E-1B Current Affairs IE Editorials 2E Home, Family 1C-10C Magazine , 1M-24M Obituaries Jj 4E Page Opposite ·, 3E Sports 1D-8D Travel J2M-23M that to offset inflation and to ward off reductions in defense programs, the Pentagon might have to ask Congress supplement the military budget. Shroyer Dies at 76 In Beckley BECKLEY - D . K . "Coach" Shroyer, 76, of Beckley, died Saturday in Beckley Hospital after a short illness. He was founder of Beck ley College in 1933 and served as the college's first business manager. Later he was executive vice president of the college. From 1959-1968 he was president of the college. Upon his resignation in 1968. he was appointed president emeritus and director of public relations for the college. Mr. Shroyer was a graduate of West Virginia Wesleyan College, a football and basketball coach at Buckhannon High School, Western Maryland College, Franklin and Marshall College and New River State College, a 50-year member of the Buckhannon Masonic lodge, a member of the Beckley BPO Elks lodge, the Beckley Moose lodge and the United First Methodist Church. Surviving is his wife. Alma Davenport Shroyer. Service will be 2 p.m. Monday in Melton Funeral Home. Beckley. with Dr. Ross Evans and the Rev. Robert M. Fuqua officiating. Burial will lylin Sunset Memorial Park. IP Friends may call from S to 5 and 7 to 9 p.m. today. does not go out and say publicly what he is going to do." When the window smashed, Ford was on his way from the Dallas-Fort Worth Regional Airport to the trade center, in the same complex of buildings President John F. Kennedy was bound for when he was assassinated on Nov. 22, 1963. The incident, which resulted in a fist-size hole in the door window on the driver's side of the police car, occurred in the suburban Dallas town of Irving. The car was the fifth in line behind the bullet-proof limousine carrying Ford. · Within seconds, scores of local policemen, men from the Texas Department of Public Safety and Secret Service agents converged on the scene. Helicopters appeared overhead and police dogs were used. No evidence of a sniper or a bullet was found. There were no injuries. + THE 10-CAR motorcade, never stopping, proceeded to the dedication on schedule and Ford calmly delivered his speech. "Within one minute, there were five law enforcement people on the scene of the field where the trajectory would have had to originate," one source said. "They just smothered the area, as far as the question of any suspect getting away." : Ford said later that President Nixon called him to find out what was going on. Neither Ford nor anyone else was reported injured. "He had heard.. .what the rumors were," Ford said. "He called to make sure what he had heard was true. We had about a 10-minute conversation not only about the wild rumor and unfounded story but also about other matters." The Vice President said he was told that "one of the police followup cars had a window shattered. We checked it, doublechecked it. They (the Secret Service) have worked with local law enforcement people and that's exactly what happened. "A window in a police car was shattered by the heat, not by any individual," Ford said. Secret Service officials said initially that a bullet might have been involved, but later reported that an investigation showed there was no gunfire. They blamed the shattered window on heat expansion, although some state officials said the 90-degree temperatures were not high enough to have caused the trouble. They said the car's air conditioning was on when the window first cracked. (Turn to Page 5 A, Col. 5) CkarlestM v · g flata

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