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LAST E DITiON PRICE 2 The Best Advertising Medium in the Yough Region. VOL. 37, NO. JOT. The Weekly Cornier* rounded July 17, 187Q. i Merged The Daily Courier, Founded November 10. 1002. | July 13, 1923. CONNELLSVILLE, PA., FJUJJJAY EVKNIXU, MARCH 17, iOJlJ. SIXTEEN. PAGES. Centra! Figures In Nazi Push Rules Fragile General Von Gablonz (above), one of the German troop commanders who marched into Prague as Hitler continued his push to the East, has beeruappomted military governor of the capital city of what was the , Republic of Czecho-Slovakia. (Central Press) Defied Hungarians General Leo Prchala, commander of Buthonia's Czech army, defied the invading Hungarian forces with a proclamation declaring his troops integral part of the German array. 'Bis action followed Hungarian demand for Ruthenia to disarm and not resist invasion. Czech Fuehrer Following resignation of the Czech cabinet, General Rodula Gajda (above), fascist leader, was named Fuehrer of the Czech people. First proclamation announced formation f a "Czech National Committee." Slovak Premier EVENTS MOV! Hitler Likely To Call Session Of Reichstag BERLIN, Mar. 17.--Fuehier Adolf Hitler may summon the reichstag next week to make a declaration on his establishment of. pi otectorates over Czechia and Slovakia, reliable sources said today. Hitler was expected to return to Seilin tomorrow or Monday to receive a welcome now being prepared for htm. It was planned for the welcome to exceed any oÂ£ his other triumphant entries into the capital As Hitler drove through ciowds in the German "language island" city of Bruenn in Moravia to receive a welcome denied him by the Czechs in his new protectorate, well-informed .Nazi quaiters estimated that 10,000 arrests had been made in Bohemia and Moravia. Many of those arrested were shipped to Germany for confinement in concentration camps. BRITISH AMBASSADOR SUMMONED jDuce Expected jTo Announce His Colonial Demands Kmetz Aid Fund Takes Spurt On Third Anniversary of Big Flood; Generous Gifts Jump It Rapidly ! i By United Proj-s J i LONDON, M.n 17.--Giejt I M U i i n l 'today recalled Sir Ncvile Henderson,j ambassador to Berlin, to icport on i the situation cicated by Geunany's I s?eizuie of Czechia and Slovakia. I The Bnli^h udion, wh Ic not reccs- saanly mvmmg an impending breaking in relation*, was icgarded as a icbukc to the Nazi policy of force m Central Europe. Reliable souiccs bcl.evcd that Germany would call the German ambassador to London, Dr. Hei bei t Von \ Dirksen. home for a simitar ' report" on conditions in Butam. This action \\ould parallel the action of the United States in recalling its ambassador to Bcilin Germany later caUed the German ambassador at Washington home. Neither has returned to his post or is likely to do so icon. KOIUE, TVIar. 17.--All indications today \vcie thai Premier Beniiu Mussolini was almost ieddy to make his long-awuited colonial demands on France. Contt oiled neuspapeis. pi aising the conquest of C/echfJilo^akia by Geimany, all intimated that this w.ib Ihe opportune moment for the Italian half ol the Rome-BerJin axis to strike. They descnbed the fate of Czechoslovakia as another blow that had weakened the dcmouacies, Great Britain and France, and strengthened the totalitarian countries. F. R. U R G E S NEW LAW ON N E U T R A L I T Y Indicates Legislation Along That Line Soon To Be Worked Out. Three years ago today a flood of The mail fiom Florida brought $10. high wateis inundated large poitioiiS| William L, Whipkey of South Ninth oÂ£ Western Pennsylvania, creating | street, spending the winter in the havoc in towns and country and | South, wrote: causing widespread misery- Today, j "i have just read in your valued m ConnelliVille, a little "flood" of paper the tragedy oÂ£ the family of dollars (lowed into the fund being Paul Kmetz and enclose herewitn ten _ cicated to rehaoilitate the family of dollais as a contribution to fund' for i Mr. and Mi-s. Paul Kmetz, which lost I relief oÂ£ the family, which having CITES E U R O P E A N everything recently when their j known for some years, I consider BrookvElc home buined, cremating entirely worthy of our support." Uv Â° children I Anotllet . gene rous contubutionj After a passive period contain,- , camc from Ule Gw Rescrves oÂ£ the WASHINGTON, Mar. 17.-- Prcs- DEVELOPMENTS UNITED STATES HURLS HOT WORDS AT NAZIS By United Press. WASHINGTON, Mar. 7.--The United States today condemned Germany's ''temporary extinguishment" of Czechoslovakia in a formal statement so strong that further stiain in U. S.-German diplomatic relations seemed certain. Some diplomatic observers speculated on the possibility of a complete break in relations developing. The condemnation of Germai^y was contained ..n a strikingly worded statement read by Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles to newspaper coi respondents. It was drafted after lengthy consultation with President Roosevelt and boic his full endorsement. "This government, founded upon and dedicated to the principles of human liberty and democracy," said the statement, "cannot refrain from makbijt known this country's condemnation of the acts which have resulted in the temporary ex- Wall Accepls Cut And Demotion; Needs Employment, He Says tinffuishment or the liberties of a free and independent people w i t h whom, from the day Mhcn the republic of Czechoslovakia attained Us independence, the people of the United States have maintained especially close and friendly relations." There was no immediate comment, on the denunciation fiom German diplomatic sources hcic. Relations between this countiy and Germany already are strained. Neither hna had an ambassador in the other's capital for months. Tne U. S. withdrew Ambassador Hugh Wilson last fall for "consultation and repoi t" following the outorcak of new anti- Jewish measures in Germany. Berlin then called its envoy home. Today's new condemnation of Germany, a .statement of unprecedented vigor m this countiy's recent history, j might develop a reaction in Gcr- | many that would lead to n complete j break m diplomatic relations, some diplomatic observers felt. UNIONTOWN, Mar. 17--Due to his physical condition and the fact thai he ih the sole support of two motherless children, County Detective John C. Walj is going to accept the demotion and slash oÂ£ $1,000 from his former salary of 33,000. This was made clear today by the officer who said "there is nothing else to do," Wall at first persisted that he would be chief county detective or nothing but he has since become resigned to the demotion. BRITAIN AND FRANCE PLAN A "STOP HITLER" CAMPAIGN Moravian Czechs Acclaim Dictator BRUENN. Moiavia, Mar. 17.-Adolf Hitler came to this German! "language island" city of his new [ Czech protectorate today to receive i the acclaim which the Czechs had denied him. Arriving by special train at 11:10 A. M. (5:10 A. M. EST) he drove by automobile through streets lined with cheering crowds to the city hall, where the burgomaster and city officials greeted him. The city was gaily decorated vilh swastika flags, which had been brought from Germany immediately alter German tronps occupied the country. Germans from the entiie province of Moravia, advised that he was coming, had swarmed into the city to give him the reception to which he was accustomed when he won a tnumph--a custom that the Czechs had broken. Hitler's traji had passed through Olmuelz where people had celebrated all clay yesterday his expected arrival. Hitler was met at the slat.on here by Joseph Buerckcl, newly appointed Nazi civil administrator for Moravia, Dr. Arthur Seyss-Inquait, provincial governor of Austria, and high army officers. He held a short consultation with them, before be began his drive thiough the streets. EXCESSIVE BAIL ARGUMENT TAKEN BEFORE JUDGES By FREDERICK C. OESCHNER United Press Staff Coirespoudenl. BERLIN, Mar. 17.--Great Britain and France mustered their icsourcet for a "stop Hitler" drive today while the Na/i fuehrer drove through cheeung crowds in the German "language island' 1 city of Bruenn, in Moidvia, to icce.ve the acclaim which Crechs of his new pi electorate had refused him. The Butish government considered urgently the recall ol the British ambassador to Benin as evidence oÂ£ its anger at Hitler's assumption of protectorates over the Czech state and Slovakia, and consulted France regarding a formal protest. The French cabinet decided to ask Pailiament this afternoon for emergency powers to strengthen the country's defenses--powers winch would make Premier Edouard Dala- dier a dictator in all but name, able to mobilize industry or lengthen the term of army service without the consent of Pailiament. It was indicated that a state visit oÂ£ President Albert Lebrun of France to London next week might be made the occasion for a big scale self defense conference, w:th Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet and high French army, n a \ y and air force officers attending. Nazi Finance Attache Sought As Swindler SAN BERNARDIO, Cal, Mar. 17. --G-men, state troopers and the U. S bolder patrol blocked all roads leading to Mexico today m an attempt to trjp Dr. Otto Benjamin Leo Ritter, sujve self-styjed Nazi finance minibtiy attache, described by his "secretary" and alleged accomplice as an international swindler with multimillion dollar bank deposits jn New Yoi k and elsewhere. He was sought on two warrants, oiu issued by the Government charging immigration iriegularities, the other sent here yesterday by New Jersey authorities charging him with a .swindle. He was last seen thumbing rides, h.s hands clutching wads of currency, along roads adjacent the United Slates side of the border. Authorities hoped to hap him as they had his American secrctary- bodyguurd, Charles D. Winters, 56, who was cited in the New Jersey warrant as a co-conspirator in the swindle. Winteis w t s caught late yesterday as the pair fled southward towa:d the border fiom Brawley, Cal. Hitter's trail was lost after officers had followed it through several towns to the south They believed he intended to cross the border into Tijuana, Mex., and they were con- forces today along lions suddenly shot up tod.iy carry^ . Connellsville High School. It was a ' ident Roosevelt declared today that !U g c, ineRn0 T a ,, ^jf^-.J'!, 1 . 6 . vf- t,TM ' chcck for 1 Â°- Tbe organization is | the United States needs new neutral- MnthTrTo i t h a t group oÂ£ s udents which spreads ity legislation, particularly in the E cheat am Â° n Â£, ll ? e , necdy at Thanks- \ light of European developments of TM the last few days. The Chief Exectuive indicated that a legislative program looking to this to ?110.50j In addition theie has considerable furniture and d Â°TM icdt - . . . . . . , ,, i fi'ving and Christmas. The family is withoul a cent m the _. world. The father, unemployed, and The cdsh repolt to date shows: now handicapped by burns of the Previously repotted . S 29.50 1 ands, sustained while trying to Â· Gil ' 1 Reserves 10.00 rescue his doomed children, said he I Mr - ;md Mrs - E - Â°- Twigg _. 25.00 and his wife ate highly appreciative I Now Haven Hose Company _. 25.00 ot what generous residents of the William L. Whipkey __ ... 10.00 community are doing for them. Anonymous _ 3.00 The largest individual cash sub-1 John M - Twigg . . . scription to date was received this i ^A - Shutsy : ... morn.ng from Mr. and Mrs. E. O Anonymous . ... Twigg ot Vandcrbilt, R. D. No. 1. it j Donald Reshenberg . was for $25, ] Shortly thercaftei another, for the! Tolal - -- - 5110.50 snme amount, was received from the The Courier will gladly receive New Ha\en Hose Company, Action' 5.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 er.d would be worked out in a series of conferences soon. Pressed for information as to what course the program would take, Mr. Roosevelt suggested that his message on the giCt was taken at a meeting of the ftremea last night. of January 4 be read for guidance. In that message the President said that the present American neutrality act sometimes worked to the advantage of war makers and to the disadvantage of those who are the victims of aggressors. He also said further donations to the aid fund and j then that this country could find such gifts will be acknowledged ways short of war, but stronger than through this paper. 1 words, to help stem aggressio_n. RUMANIA MAY! GET SHARE OF BROKEN STATE City Will Be Host To -Western H.S.Band; 24O Students Coming By United Press. BUCHAREST, Humania, Mar. 17.-Rumania and Hungary woic understood today to be on the verge ot concluding negotiations to give Rumania a small share in the dissolved republic oE Czechoslovakia. With 'Hungarian troops completing the occupation of Carpatho-Ukiaine, the eastern tip of Chechoslovakia, it w.is pioposed to cede a small border strip m the southern part of that territory to Rumania. About 20 villages, which Rurran.a has long claimed, weie involved in i the negotiations, r - F. D. Fitzgerald, Michigan Governor, Dies of influenza UNIONTOWN, Mar. 17.--Who's who in the excessive bail asked in numbers cases was to be decided this afternoon at a habeas corpus hearing before the court en bane. The appeal was taken in behalf of Domir.ick Martucci, alleged racketeer whose bail was set at $10,000. District Attorney James A. Reilly placed others bonds ot 815,000 for operators ,md $5,000 for bookies. The bonds a t e far out of reason, nccouling to counsel for Mai tueci Benes Asserts Czechs Will Not Cease Struggle Just Off the Wire Dr. Karol Sidur, who held office Juiing the U\o-dj life ot the "Slovak it-public, before Hitler seized the territory and placed tt under f t P i m a n "protection/ 1 WASHINGTON, Mar. 17.--The House M'aji and Means Committee today unanimously rejected proposals for immediate extension ot the social j.security iystem to embiace 6,000,000 I domestic, uffricullunil nnrt religious institution ^oikcrs. By United Press. CHICAGO, Mar. 17.--Dr. Bernard Benes, former president ot Czechoslovakia, today telegraphed to P.-esi- dcnt Roosevelt, Foreign Minister Maxim Litvipov of Russia, Picmier Edouaid Daladier of Fiance and Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain oÂ£ Great Britain a defiant pioclama- tion ot eternal Czech and Slovak resistance againsl Geiman rule. "Before the conscience of t! e uoild and beluro Instmy." Bents \\mlc, "1 am obliged to proclaim that the Czechs and Slo\akb will nevn- accept this unbearable imposition en their sacred rights and will ne\ei cease to struggle until these lights are reinstated for their beloved country." He entreated the leaders of the great non-fascist powers to "refuse to recognize the curne and to assume the consequences which today's liagic situation in Euiopc and lh" world ui sen!lj reauires " centrating their that section. Wi iters said Ritter, who also used the name of Oscar Schvoeder, was Ihe key mem in a syndicate which op- crated confidence schemes m nine countries including tie United States and which had deposits totaling $33,000,000 in a single New York bank. These deposits and other smaller ones elsewhere, ha said, represented profits mulcted fiom investors. He said he had been promised $300,000 for his services dm ing the next few years. "Pie can make money too fast for his own good," Winters said. Hitter had been living luxuriously at an exclusive hotel here. A brief case he left at a night club put authorities on his tiack. The case contained partly-coded telegrams, official-appearing documents typed in Geiman, and a clipping Jrom a New Yoik City newspaper describing i American counter-espionage efforts against Nazi spies. Norman Henderson, chief in- vestigrtor for the district attorney's office, said one of the telegrams contained the words "as soon as we get Utah Senator Demands Action Stopping Hitler WASHINGTON, Mar. 17.--Senator William H. King, D,, Utah, called today for concerted, parallel action by the United States, France and Great Bulain to halt "the further march of the dictatorships." He emphasized that he did not mean that this country should become involved in entangling alliances abroad, but t.iat he favored the use of joint diplomatic pressure by the three majoi democracies. His statement on the absoiption ot Czechoslovakia by Germany was in contrast to most congressional reac- j Uon. Other senators and congressmen who would comment contended that this country's attitude should be one of further isolation from European affairs. Senator WiU.am E. Borah, R., Idaho, ranking minority member of the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee and a veteran advocate of isolation policies, said the disappearance of the Czechoslovakia!! goveinment was "inevitable after the Munich pact." "However distuibing this may be it cannot be a surprise because it was inevitable after Munich that just these things would happen," he said. Continued on Page Six, the throe million dollars we must make n quick change in climate." They had been sent to a New York City attorney. A woman living at Hitter's hotel saia he exhibited an ornate document with a seal and ribbons attached, and signed putportedly by ASolt Hitler, honoring him with an appointment connected in some way with the German finance ministry. Information New Jersey ajthorities telegraphed here said Ritter served nine months of a three-jear sentence for violation of immigration laws and then was released leave the country. on condition he The Weather Hold-up Victim Remains Critical- Transfusions Boinard Davis, 21, of Scottdale, victim ot a wanton gun attack after a hold-up of his brother's gasoline service station Jn Scottdale Wednesday night, as still in a "critical" condition today in. ConnelisvUle Slate ^Hospital. There, is a remote possibility he may recover, an attending physician said, after the youth- had lived through yesterday afternoon. Davis spent a fairly good night, it was reported, considering his condition. Four blood transfusions were given him yesterday. Scottdale and State police conducted a fruitless investigation into the hold-up. Three men were in the group which secured $1.55 from Davis By United Press. LANSING, Mich., Mar. 17.--Gov- ernoi Frank D. Fitzgerald, 54, whose election over former Governor Frank Murphy last fall was one of the major triumphs of the Republican's l e t u i n to power, died last night and today 79-year-old Luien B. Dickinson becomes Michigan's 54th chief executive. Fitzgerald died suddenly at his home in adjacent Grand Ledge while apparently recovei ing from an attack of influenza suffered last Monday. He was in an oxygen tent when his heart, weakened by the flu and overwork, stopped beating. He took office 75 days ago. Lieutenant-Governor Dickinson, himself recovering fiom an attack of. flu, took the oath of office at his farm home at Charlotte at noon. He will be Uie oldest chief executive in Michigan's history and perhaps the oldest in the Nation. His election as Fitzgerald's running mate last fall was the seventh time hp had won the lieutenant governorship. He is a prominent pi ohibitionibt. Fitzgerald's death removes from the Michigan political scene one of the Republican's most stalwart leaders. Fitzgerald was second only lo Senator Aitbur Vandenberg as the G. O. P. exponent an this pivotal state. His passing likewise may be Eelt Nationally for he was the spearhead of the Republican, comeback campaign in Michigan last year. The body will lie in state Saturday at the capitol and funeral services will be held Sunday. Fitzgcralci defeated Murphy by 93,000 voles in 1938. He first beeame governor in 1935. Two years later he lost to Murphy. Fitzgerald was born January 27, 1885, son of John Wesley and Carrie G. (Foreman) Fitzgerald. He was educated in public schools and Ferris Institute, Big Rapids, Mich. In 1909 he was married to Queena M. Warner of Mulliken, Mich., and six years later their son, John Warner, was born. Lewis Charges Operators Using Lockout Threat Fair and slightly colder Saturday fair and continued cold is the noon weather forecast for Western Pennsylvania. Temperature Record. 1D3D 1938 Maximum 40 67 Mnmum 26 51 JHcan 3.i fiS befoie he was cold-bloodedly shot by I one of the bandits just before they left the MoDilgas station where he woiked for his brother, Von. Officers talked with Miss Rose Bohn of the Eicher apartments, who tonight;! passed the three men at Loucks lane on Broadway just a short time before the hold-up took p'acc. M.ss Bohn was retuining home after a brief visit with a friend, having slopped on her way home fiom church services. S.ie was unable, however, to give an accurate description to police, I She had seen no automobile, ahe said. NEW YORK, Mar. 17.--President John L. Lewis of the United Mine Workers Union charged and representatives of Eastern soft coal pio- ducers denied today that Appalachian operators were holding tne threat of a lockout "over the head" of contract negotiators for 338,000 miners. Lewis made his charge after the operators' negotiating committee of 16 at the joint Appalachian contract conference lefused to accept a pro- posnl by the UMW committee that the present two-year agLcement be extended indefinitely in the event no agreement on a new one is reached by April 1, the expirat.on date. One of the greatest collections of High School music instrumentalists will gather in Connellsyille on March 30, 31 and April 1, for the All- Western Music Festival which this year is being held at Connellsville High School under, the direction of Arthur Pryor, famous band leader and trombonist, who will be guest conductor, assisted by George Howard, director of instrumental music at Mansfield State Teachers College. Through the efforts of Richard H. Gingrich, Connellsville High School Bandmaster, this_ci.~.w.as__Â£elected for staging of the event sponsored by the Pennsylvania State Music Association. The PSMA membership comprises teachers of music, supervisors, band, orchestra and chorus leaders and others connected with music departments of schools and colleges. The All-Western High School Band which will perform heie is composed of the outstanding players in the bands of Western. Pennsylvania high schools. These players will prepare the required music and after a series of rehearsals will give two concerts, Friday and Saturday nights, March 31 and April 1, in Connellsville High School auditorium. For accommodation of the 240 students who will participate arrangements have been, made to house them in approved private homes. Meals will be served in several churches. The schedule calls for assembly ot band members for registration at the High School at 10 o'clock on the morning of March 30 with the first rehearsal beginning a half hour later. Although a number of rehearsals will be necessary, the routine of the three days of activity will be balanced by recreational and social entertainment for the participants. Students enrolling for membership in the'All-Western Band pay a fee ot $2.50 and also must furnish, their own transportation, "reeds, stands music and other incidentals. Each year sectional and State conferences are held for students of or-* chestra, band and choral ^mits ol various high schools of Pennsylvania, and the resultant enthusiasm and success of the several events more than justifies the aims of the PSMA, leaders of the movement assert. The concerts of the groups draw capacity audiences and the organization's meetings bring together lor discussion of problems and eexchange of ideas men and women who are doing their part in contributing to the development and well-being of the boys and girls in the schools by stressing the values of music in its various phases and the advantages derived from participating in the making of music. Jury Gets Murder Case. BEAVER, Mar. 17.--The murder charge against Louise Tolento, accused of the beer w a r slaying oi Tony Spitale, was expected to go to the jury late todaj fRISHMEN SHUN "MADE IN JAPAN" TYPE OF SHAMROCK UNIONTOWN, M a r . . 17.--No Japanese-Irishmen in Fayette county. Merchants handling novelties, including shamrocks will attest this fact. Real Irishmen shopping for the emblem of their mother country m- I quired as to the soui ce qf the insignias. When the "Made in. Japan" trade-maik glared at them, the Irisner invariably 'turned up his nose, tossed his head high in the air and exited, rather indignantly. The various managers and cleiks said that there was such a brisk sale of shamrocks "made in America" that the supply was quickly exhausted and that the "made in Japan" products were being patrioticallT :-hiinned.