The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on July 6, 1918 · Page 6
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The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 6

Connellsville, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Saturday, July 6, 1918
Page 6
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vr^ T*P THE DAILY COURIER, CONNBLLSVILLE, PA. Life At Quantieo Is a Strenuous One Now-a- Days, Officers and Men Preparing Themselves f« "Over Theref 1918. bj- The m oKB '. .jnaCR::."lhir«i^.m«i» r»pK^'/.:i''.,'.v':..·:--·,-.: :pf3WtoKM.rtJiKM* .ais= , ninrnCotpi.rOUKeJ'4! l Z3^a[tt3 Camp jfC^QtatUco^ya^vit Kevis, lucky "blocked by ff*ctl*.art ^f-ln*y»atittln^tl36-HTm.^-A Jlrutwuint -loitrvcio^irocc ~ froraZonV pair at ·tud«nU ta'tfi«'3i«t T :cr!fclcii!nR' their "form" in jnapfV I* Mm eomittned~~exhort«U6ii£ 1 T Such »' demand; hardly se.ez ·onabX.for thtM-jnen. hard/ py and flt, lunce- ·'mightily. _, *· to drtv* their bayenet^hlro^irh- y ·mall Timt* h*Td~«t different points'In r( 1H« air "With the satne'~apee9 and ·eal that would 'be expected of .them action, tiiey -parry and thrust aa though the Kaiser ;hhnsel£ were;, the object!* 1 *. Besides"their unwavering 1 "pap," they show easy confldtittce, the ... ^"born-'oSly of sltill mnd'lohg ' ·" Tlies* men ire Just cettlnx the finer '--" f point*" of haiid-to^hand fl?htins' ffnd i ether phaaea of overseas warfare, for I before Marines can attend the ofn- - |«*rtf- trmtalnr -camp they" must go -'jthrpufh-rlioraus- nenilt training-, -coy-. /*i*}nr about tirclra weeks* cr its equlv- " · - · · · * ' ' '" · - From. tke officer directing the prmctte* com* ntch bits of advice as: "Ea sard*!... --Get that hmaif high when yt-u advance with your left foot! . . . .Tou don't "have" to put your bayonet through more than four or six Inches. That's enough! ,.-.;-... .Don't t.ak* too biff a'lunge. It tSrowi.;ibu/off Jo.urlfeoc^"."../.... In the English system, balnc* Is the 5 Item!.. li:.«.,;·"'-. : » .. ". ' X On every side are longr dormitories. or "bunkhouses," kitchens--"galleys/; the ··a-soldiers call-them--mess build- in ys. tailor shops, supply and atbra- ;otintl5» barracks; and be- p ond stretch "miles of fine concrete roads that disappear Into the haze of the- Virginia woodlands. This officers' training 1 carap at Quan- tieo. which has just been opened, is the 'first-'of its tind in.the history of the Marine Corps. It w ( as established to meet the sudden need for 1.89.0 new commissioned officers required In the iacTease of the Corps-to 75,600 enHaU-d'men. They're PickedI Mem, Every One The Marine Corps.follows the demo- cratic.plan of recruiting: ju officers trom its own ranks--Marines, who bare demonstrated their fitness for appointment to the. officers' training camp. Every Marine in this camp is a.picked raan,!selected, ftrom a Marino Corps post or training camp, or from a ship's guard, by a selection board, whose duty i t . is to recommend the most promising'Marines. Thousands of college men have en- isted in the Corps. Yo-uth, health and ,, V*aBd",, .are .. conspicuous, and should make It easy to produce an efficient commissioned personnel for the Corps' big 1 Increase. Mystifying to Ihe outsider at t h l ~ camp is- the sight of; students r;- bling aboirti heads down, in most attitudes, -passing their periors without saluting, some of thcm ; waving their hands at their sides each time they step, going in different .directions, sometimes retracing their steps. Each seems following: a line on the ground, like a hound picking up a trail.. It looks rather silly, but It is an Important feature oC training 1 . These Marines . are "standardizing their pace." . - i This is a preliminary step in the tstudy of to-posTo-phy. To qualify .as an officer, a Marine must master the study.of the earth's surface, and be able to draw and read maps representing- topographical conditions and showing every shell hole. Each man is given a pace "tally." picks out a given distance on tho roadway, .and steps It off. He repeats it until .his pace Is standardized. . Once a. rmn has learnod his individual pacs, he may traverse the country ami tell, with surprising accuracy, tho distance covered. Taking .notes of th'ise measurements, he 'can |draw a map In true proportion. The World's Tfnlcst Battlcflcftls Close by are several Marines apparently playing 1 in a sand box, just *!n most of us did when we wore chil : -n. But this box is used Cor any- ·? but play, though the Marines it good sport, too. Here they arrange tiny trenches over level and hilly country, and- reproduce the territory that they have covered with their pace tallies. The boy is built 10 scale, and problems in strategy are worked out over the miniature terrain. Textbooks are. of course, stiiclied and thoroughly briefed. CoM?iterai lectures are given, with tho schedule posted a week in advance. French and English Instructors, fresh from. "the battlefields of France, give blackboard talks in the big gymnasium. It is inspiring 1 to see 5Oft picked Marines, each looking as If he hnd Just stepped from the proverbial bandbox, and all of whom have' been "through tho mill" as recruits, notebooks in hand, listening eagerly while a flesh-and-' blood war I'cternn tells what Lo do with a certain number of men In a given position when tho Germans are .advancing in superior numbers. Notes ·are taken very carefully, too, for each man is graded by hu» notes as by the weekly written examinations. After tha lectures the men shoulder their stools, form in line and march back to quarters, where the next duty awaits them. The d.iy/s ex-ents croxvd on each other's heels, for thl= is intensive training 1 , and every - - ^ m e n t is precious. Theory and "e go hand in hand. A lesson .in minor tactics is immediately followed by its practical application in field work. The thing is done *as thoroughly as though it were happening on German soil. There is no "atalUnff." It is serious business. Every man Is hoping wilh his life's liope that, he will be the first of his class to apply this student work, under real · fire, p as a real leader, of fighting-Marines. Discipline Has Become- Instinct How physically and mentally alert, how. morally clean, are these supermen! Major Rixcy smiles proudly when he announces, upon beinjr questioned, that not one man has required being- dlscfplfned since the officers' training camp was started. Here is discipline'to the point of instinctive good conduct and perfect self-control. There is nothing terrorizing 1 about Lho management of the camp. The kind, thoughtful-faced Major in command might be the dean of some greai university. He is thoroughly human In dettlirg- with the student Marines! And every Marine instinctively feels tho omnipresent discipline born of sin cere respect for his superiors, and love of country, and ad'heronce to the Marine Corps' motlo. Semper Fldelis ---always faithful. These Marines who are learning to command other men have already learned to master themselves. The close comradeship that marks the work of these men distinguishes their leisure hours- as well. The enthusiasm, too, that sweeps them.along in their studies, permeates the various forms of relaxation. Many forms of athletics, .from busebal! to pitching quoits, they go -in for strenuously. Highly popular, loo, are. the entertainments. At the enlisted men's dance every. Friday night in ihe post pymnn- «ium, girls' from Washington and Fred crick sburg entertain and dance with the Marines from 7 o'clock to 9.40. Here officers' find men mingJe in democratic fellowship. The Post ilarjne band and orchestra--made up, of course, of Marines--play alternately during these evening function?. Plenty Of CoHepinns Horc The s,hows in thtj gym theatre are IKowise a strong drawing card. Y*'ash- Ington vaudeville entertainers make, up ihe programs, and the "leathernecks" have,proved that they recog- nlze and appreciate good stuff. This is easy to understand, since of ihe present, student-officer class of 500 Marines, 150 are college graduates, more than 200. others attended college from one to three years, and many of tho others are Marines who have been in foreign service and have that broader education of travel which no university affords. It is small wonder that tho entertainments have gradual- .Jy attained a higher artistic tone. "Walter Damrosch never had a more court ecu.*, attentive audience than when his symphony orchestra gave a strictly classical concert at the Quantieo camp. The Marines have shown that they want 1 and appreciate the best. Excellent hunting and fishing arc found In the Virginia woods nearby. Sunday hikes through the forei-ts, rich with moss and ferns, are popular, too, and few of the men spend that day In camp. One concrete road, perfectly graded, stretches five miles into primeval forest land, affording an easy walk through beautiful scenery in Its wildest state. The relation between instructing officers" and men is notable. If a question occurs to a student, he has but to seek an officer and thresh ihe matter out with- him. This contact between student and instructor minds constant, and reminds the pedagogue of Newman's ideal university--two men on a log. Veteran officers who ha,ve built trenches !n France supervise trench construction at Quantieo, personally show the students how to arrange sand-bags, how to build bomb-proof .dug-outs, how to camouflage, how to make revetments and Gabiana when sand-bags cannot bo had, and tell them the principles of trench planning which guard against flank attacks and make for the greater safety of tlie fighters. Road study and road sketching 1 , a big factor m modern warfare, is another important feature of the training- at Quantieo. In this subject, as in practically all the others, the Instructors are qualified for ihe present duties by actual campaign experience. All In The Day's Chow The health of the Marines at Quan- tieo is good, of course. It could hardly be otherwise, 50 carefully has their' dally life been laid out for them. And with plenty of clear, fresh, country air, and exercise both mental and physical, it is quickly realized what a problem faces the mess-men in the galley. Ho-iv they feed to a point of satiety these husky younc ^"arrlors is a story in itself. A recent menu taken from the cook's official book will five Ihe theme simply. Each article on 1he menu is served in Eeemingli- unlimited supply. Every man Js welcome to as much of anything 1 , including 1 the whitest of bread, as }je cares 1o eat. Here is one day's sample of what ihe Marine calls his "chow": Breakfast--Baked beans with pork, pickles, corn, bread, butter, coffee, milk. Dinner--Chicken sauta (?) eg-g dumpling's, mashed potatoes, creamed peas, combination' "£a]ad. lemonade, bread and butter, ice cream, spor^o cake. Supper--Cold sliced beef, potato salad, cold beans, 1ce water, bread and butter. 'He bcpins witii a bean, he ends with n bean. ir he doesn't he isn't a regular Marine-- But oli, wliat a lot comes in between!" Some chow; Some training 1 camp.' Some devil-dogs! SHDS3fV« DOLLARS;TO CANNERS! ( Wiih Hoover^fedajing the -United States will be on short wheatJrations foStkfcaext year; .even if we have a heavy crop'T i^ar gardeners wrlfSov.find.a change to show they mean busi- oess for the National War-Garden^Commission has offered ten thousand dollars^In^Thnftt'stairips -and National'Capitol Prize Certificates for*, theh besi. canned vegetables grown in war _. 'Stamps' will_be' awaf'ded__i;c_ books Vhalf filled, accompany a Certificate. The awards will be itionlwitlr at least five Competitors at canning-. dubs .an^ia^s. -Application should'. be and fair offlcials at once to the National War Dr'.'C. ; ; the same enormous scale', as its foe: ; . -,.', . . , - - . - ' · .f .President 'Wilson said in a'recent address that there^miistTbe ''ho limit" to; lhe"size: of the_American Army. It muirt be blg^ enoiiffh. to , do,'..the .Job, no matter how caany meh^ar*:"rer luired. " limit" snbuldybe the battle cry of ^the American , people. It is an Mcceiieht -slogun. -..'Just, as in men,, so in. ^everything else""the nation should see'.tq it that enough supplies of "every kind are. on hand. " ' . To nothing does this- apply, .with greater force, than to food---the £oun : datfpn upon which'.a'l other^ activity rests. ' The people of tnV United States should produce food -"without limit." They'should save .food "without: limit." They should .take no. chance, of a J shortage of-supply. ' : - ' . " ' . ' The -war gardeners oC the United States--the'ho-me "soldiers of the soil" --have, added an enormous quantity this year to the nation's food supply. Reports to the National "War Gardet Commission',shoTy that!there-are more than 5 000,000 of these patriots at work fig-htingr-the Kaiaer with the hoe. They are helping 1 to keep the food following- th« flag. They have heard the ca.1I of 'Pershing-. ; to "Keep, the food coming 1 ." · if it had not been for the readiness ·with which these home food.producers everywhere jumped into 'the "garden trenches," . the food situation in this country and for the Allies probably" would have been extremely critical. Without doubt they have helped to "save the day." ery where they have shouldered the hoe. The appeal TO produce some food has reached all classes. It has pone to every nook and corner of the land, until today there is not a city, town or village that does not of its war gardens. . Employees of atores and factories have planted vegetable plots; and the managers and officers have pone out w i t h them ro help in the cultivation. Presidents of bis manufacturing 1 concerns and brinks have led the way, and their men have followed into'the garden patch. Men, women and children; old and 3'oung-; rich and poor; representatives of every" class and condition have gone into the work of growing- "ammunition" in their garden "munition plants.." One of the most Inspiring- examples to the people of the country WB.S the | planting of the big 400-acre war garden by the soldiers at Camp DIx, N. J. This has been followed by similar work at othtr camps under Colonel J. S. Fair, assistant to the Acting Quartermaster General. "When everything was ready for the breaking- of the ground Camp D!x. nine big truck loads of seeds, fertilizer, plows and other supplies were rushed over from Philadelphia by tho National "War Garden Commission; and "the boys were off." They expect to have more than one million pounds of potatoes from their k garden; and they have thirty acres of onions, thirty of beans, thirty of beets, thirty of sweet corn, thirty of peas; and small »r tracts of sweet potatoes, tomatoes, egg plants and numerous .other vegetables. "Camp gardens wHl serve more than one useful purpose," says Secretary Baker, in a letter to.the National War Garden Commission, congratulating the organization on its cooperation with the quartermasfer's office in getting the work under way. "The production of food at the mess d'oor -E of grcnt importance. In that It not j only lessens the army's demand on the usual sources of supply, but eliminates transportation as well. The large areas of tillable land within many of the military reservations have been regarded as offering potential food production on a large scale, and I fp?l that the army is to be congratulated that the utilization of t h i s space has now taken concrete form." "Sow t h e Seeds of Victory." the slogan which the National War Garden Commission has rarried on Its posters, and in its literature to the farthest corners of the United States, and which has reached even in for- eiR-n countries, has been the watchword. With .the men In khaki leading '.-h* way and helping -to feed them- seivps 05= \vell as preparing to fight, { t h e men, women and children behind ihe hoe, "machine gun of the-gerden." arc doing their part to bring freedom and liberty to the world. When the history of the war is written, a bright page will be given to.the war eardttti of the United States.

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