Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 18, 1976 · Page 4
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July 18, 1976

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 4

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, July 18, 1976
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4A --Julv 18. 1976 * Sunday Caaette-Mail : Charleston, West Virginia Carter, Mate Records Differ By Louise Cook Atsociuted Preis Writer Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale wear different political labels in the eyes of some of their supporters, but the record shows few major contradictions in the basic positions of the Democratic presidential nominee and his running mate. Carter is generally considered to be a middle-of-the-road Democrat, leaning toward conservative positions on some issues. Mondale is known as one of the Senate's most active liberals. In announcing he had chosen Mondale as his running mate last Thursday, Carter said he and the senator were compatible on all major questions. He said he believed that voters in the South would find him as acceptable as those in the North. Item-by-item comparisons are not possi 1 ble on all the issues, because the two men have been operating in different arenas with different priorities. Mondale's record is one of votes on specific legislation, rather than of proposals for broad, sweeping programs. Mondale is known in the Senate, for example, for his fight to relax the fillibuster rule, an issue that did not occupy Carter as governor of Georgia. Mondale also led a successful fight in 1968 for the open hous- .ing act barring discrimination in the rental or sale of housing and was largely responsible for the S35 tax credit enacted last year. Here is a look at some issues and Carter and Mondale positions: BUSING This .is the question on which the differences between the two men would appear to be strongest, but even here, the disagreement seems to be one of degree rather than substance. Mondale is known as one of the Senate's strongest advocates of busing: he was a strong opponent of legislation to restrict the authority of the federal courts to order busing. He said Thursday that he does not advocate busing as the best method to achieve racial balance. "I just don't want to repeal the Fourteenth Amendment." he added, saying that an administration sincerely trying to solve the problem for discrimination could "sharply reduce the need for busing." Carter opposes mandatory busing and favors voluntary transfers instead. He also says, however, that if the courts order busing. "I will support the court. This is not the subject to be reopened with a Constitutional amendment." ABORTION Another area of difference. Mondale has voted against an amendment that would have barred the use of federal funds, such as welfare money, for abortions except to save the mother's life. The amendment was tabled, effectively killing it. Carter said in an April interview: "I do not favor using federal money for abortion. I do favor a nationwide program .. . for family planning, sex education, access to contraceptives... and better adoption procedures" to minimize the need for abortion. He says that while he personally believes abortion is wrong, he opposes a constitutional amandment to prohibit abortion. TAX REFORM Carter and Mondale both favor tax reform. Mondale. who voted to cut off the oil depletion allowance, is one of a group of senators working to eliminate deductions Jor upper-income Americans and provide greater benefits for lower and middle-income people. · Carter also has urged tax reform and has said he has four basic principles: "to treat all income the same, to tax income only once, a progressive tax rate and to greatly simplify the whole system." He has not proposed any specific changes. ENERGY Mondale voted for a 1975 resolution to force the big oil companies to sell some of their outlets, pipelines, etc. Carter has said he does not-at this point--support divestiture. "At present I support restrictions on the right of a single company to own all phases of production and distribution of oil. However, it may not always be in the consumer's interest to limit a company to one single phase of production . . . I support legal prohibitions against ownership of competing types of energy' . ., UNEMPLOYMENT Mondale is a supporter of the Hum- phrey-Hawkins bill designed to reduce adult unemployment to 3 per cent by 1980. He repeatedly has urged creation of public service jobs. Carter prefers to stimulate the economy through the private sector, although he also urged creation of 300,000 public jobs and 800.000 summer jobs. He endorsed the Humphrey-Hawkins bill after changes were made to stress the preference for public rather than private jobs. GOVERNMENT REORGANIZATION One of Carter's top priorties would be reorganization of the government along the lines he followed in Georgia, consolidating departments "with a great savings in tax money and a streamlcning of services to the people." He concedes the government would not necessarily be any smaller, but says it would be more efficient. The issue has not come up for Mondale. Many of the programs he has supported in the area of social reform would require increased government spending, but he had not dealt directly with the issue of the bureaucracy overseeing this spending. CITIES Mondale was one of the earliest supporters of the federal loan to bail out New York City. Carter said he believed the federal action set "an unmanageable precedent." and would have preferred to work with the city and state to help them achieve a balanced budget before issuing any guarantees of fiscal integrity. He promised, however, to study the creation of a Federal Municipalities Securities Insurance Corp. that would help cities market their bonds at lower interest rates. Mondale. in a 1974 statement, said the "old-time religion" of high interest rates and spending cuts urged by some Ford administration economists was "nothing but a formula for old-time depression." He urged lower interest rates, public service jobs and tax reform. Carter advocates "zero-base budgeting." whereby government agencies would be required to rejustify spending programs annually, but he advocates some increased .government spending. In addition, he says "We need a monetary policy that encourages lower interest rates so investment capital will be available at reasonable costs" GUN CONTORL Mondale voted for legislation to restrict the sale and ownership of guns. Carter has said: "I favor registration of handguns, a ban on the sale of cheap handguns, reasonable licensing provisions . . ." EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENT Both men support the proposed Equal · Rights Amendment to the Constitution. DEFENSE SPENDING Mondale has voted for cuts in the defense budget. He supported an unsuccessful effort to bar appropriation of funds for the Bl bomer and also voted for an amendment to cut $317 million in spending for additional Minuteman missiles.' Carter lias proposed cutting the defense budget by 5 to 7 per cent. He says the cuts can come "by reducing the waste and fat" and efficiency. He has opposed the Bl bomber program, but supports development of the Trident submarine. Sinatra, Bride Resting in i\.Y. MOUNT KISKO, N.Y. ( A P I Honeymooning Frank Sinatra and his bride, the former Barbara Marx, are spending the weekend at the Westchester County home of former New York Mayor Robert F. Wagner and his wife. Mrs. Wagner is the former Phyllis Cerf, the widow of publisher Bennett Cerf. She and Sinatra are old friends. It was no big deal, said Wagner on Friday. "They went through a whole big round of parties on the West Coast following their marriage ajid now they just want to relax, to get away from the city and the noise, for a simple, quiet weekend." * Mdndale Sometimes Rated More Liberal Than Colleagues By Richard L. Midden (C) New York Timet Sen-ice Home California Gov. Edmund G. Brown Jr. was full of energy despite his long trip home after attending the Democratic Convention in'New York. He arrived in Sacramento Friday evening at the executive airport where _ there was no crowd on hand to ' greet him. NEW YORK-As measured by a cross- section of special interest groups, Sen. Walter F. Mondale's voting record has been at times more liberal than some of his better-known liberal Senate colleagues, such as Hubert H. Humphrey and Edward M. Kennedy. The Democratic vice presidential tni- nee has received consistently high ratings from the liberal Americans for Democratic Action and consistently low ratings from the conservative Americans for Con-, stitiitional Action since going to the Senate from Minnesota in 1964.'' Mondale's. voting record is expected to be an issue in the general election campaign, since President Ford and Ronald Reagan as well as their campaign aides have already begun to portray the Democratic ticket of Jimmy Carter and Mondale as too far to the left. Last year, the ADA said that Mondale- had voted the way it deemed right 94 per cent of the time, based on a selected number of votes. Humphrey, Mondale's Minnesota colleague, also received a 94 per cent ADA rating, while Kennedy, D-Mass., was rated at 89 per cent. In 1974, Mondale received a 90 per cent ADA rating, while Humphrey and Kennedy each received 81 per cent. * * * BY CONTRAST, Mondale received a 4 per cent rating from the ACA in 1974 and a zero rating in 1974. The Chamber of Commerce of the United States gave him a 6 per cent rating in 1975. But he has received the highest rating from other groups, such as the AFL-CIO's Committee on Political Education and-the National Farmers Union. The groups base their ratings on a limit- ed number of Senate floor votes and usually on issues in which the groups have taken a position. Thus the ratings are not always a precise measure of a senator's leanings. A spot check of Mondale's record, based on a wide range of votes tabulated by Congressional Quarterly, a Washington research service, shows that he has been a consistent supporter of social legislation to aid the poor, the young and minorities. Last year, for instance, Mondale voted for such bills as a $6 billion emergency jobs measure later vetoed by Ford, a $2 billion health services bill enacted over a veto and an extension of the voting Riehts Act of 1965. Mondale initially supported this country's involvement in Vietnam, but by 1968, after a trip there, he switched and supported a number of attempts in the Senate to limit the participation. "The worse mistake of my entire career was to remain silent so long against the war, he-said in 1972. Last year he voted for a ?3.3 billion foreign economic aid bill and supported an/ amendment to increase funds for food and nutrition development programs overseas. He also voted for a limited lifting of the embargo on arms shipments to Turkey. In the past Mondale has supported efforts to reduce U.S. troop levels in Europe and elsewhere and has voted for some limitations on defense spending. He voted last year for an unsuccessful amendment to delete $1.2 billion from an overall $25 billion military procurement authorization bill, but he voted against an effort to cut funds in that bill for continued development of the B-l strategic bomber. MONDALE HAS been a strong supporter of civil rights .measures and led the effort to include an open housing provision in the Civil Rights Act of 1968. He voted against amendments on the floor last year that would have barred the Department of Health, Education and Welfare from ordering the busing of school children to achieve desegregation. Mondale said at a news conference Thursday that he had not been an advocate of "busing to achieve racial balance," adding: "What I've resisted is the repeal of the 14th Amendment that prohibits disdmina- tion in our'school system. I think that's the only honorable and legal position that can · be taken." Convention Reflects Yearning for a Winner By Walter NEW YORK (AP)-It was an affair without passion, a marriage without romance. And the Democratic National Convention was performed with all the precision of a prearranged royal wedding. But after their flings, their spats, their divorces of the past decade, Democrats were ready for Jimmy Carter, the outsider who barged into the party and became the bridegroom. After eight years out of the White House, they yearn for a winner. * * * SO ENDED the four days of New York, a national convention Carter praised for its show of decorum and order, "without any fights or free-for-alls. "Among Democrats, that can only happen once every 200 years," the former Georgia governor said. It happened because Carter made it happen, by winning the Democratic presidential nomination so convincingly, and so early, that the convention could only ratify, not decide. Seldom if ever has a man gained that political pinnacle with as few debts to the establishment, the party power structure. Carter said his position was almost unique. Even before his triumphant entry into Madison Square Garden on Thursday night. Carter said he had had enough con- ventioneering. "I'm ready to get out of the hotel suites and the conventions and get back to the people," he said. Your Richard J. Daleys and Hubert H. Humphreys and Carl Alberts go to the people, too, but they savor the political theater of convention time. In New York, however, the play ended with their bidding farewell to the party power they have wielded at conventions past. Command had passed, to an unfamiliar leader and a new generation. » * * AND THAT PASSAGE was dramatized when Humphrey, his own last hope for the -White House long since vanished, stood at the platform to hail the vice-presidential nomination of a man who could be his son, and is his protege. For Sen. Walter F. Mondale, 48, undertook his earliest political ventures 28 years ago, as a volunteer, in Humphrey's first Senate campaign. Humphrey said the team of Carter and R. Mears Mondale represent a turning point in American politics, and so they do. "This ticket... represents the final reunification of North and South." Humphrey satd. "We are a new generation of leadership," cried Mondale, a mundane orator but suddenly, in his new role, speaking with fiery vigor. "We are strong. We are experienced, and we are ready." ENTER NOW! 42nd ANNUAL CHILDREN'S PHOTOGRAPH CONTEST Your child's smile can win a $£)]000 shopping spree in our store. We'll photograph your child at special prices and enter an extra picture in the contest at no extra charge. 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