Page 4 article text (OCR)
PAGE POUR. I'tlM COUK1ER CONNEL.LSVILLE1, PA. THURSDAY, MARCH 16, 193!). THE COURIER COMPANY R. A. Donegan .. Walter S. Stimmel James M. Driscoll J. \Vylie Driscoll . *.. Publishers ._ President and General Manager Secretary and Treasurer Editor . _ .. Associate Editor Adverlising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. - . ! . . " Served by United Press' and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy: 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by mail if paid in advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second-class maUei~at:,the PostofBce,. Â· - Cormellsville, Pa. " - _ Â· "BOOK OF THE MONTH' THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 16, 1930 Munich Pact Scrapped _ The dispatch, -with which the operation was carried out lends weight to "the theory of numerous observers that the" final dismemberment of the Czech, republic liafl been carefully planned,'long ago."'It also bears out prophecies that had been current that Hitler's next drive toward the East-possibly into the Ukraine--would be an event of_March. The reason assigned by Hitler--that-the move was to protect the German minority from an "unbearable terror- istic regime in Czechoslovakia"--is. nothing more than subterTuge, as is the explanation that the president of the "Czech state was ;n full accord" with the"plan and that the aim of Germany is merely to take the Czech people under the protection oÂ£ the Keich. He had no alternative. If the Czechs are granted real self-government it will be a surprise to followers of the ambitious program of the German dictator. It is apparent the little republic founded at the suggestion of President Wilson at Versailles is gone ( forever. Its non-Germanic people "will be nothing more than vassals. Executed on the anniversary of the seizure of Austria, the further violation of Czechoslovakia is too transparent to be accepted as the result of Slovak clamor alone. It is, evident the latest move is but a part of the German dictator's general scheme. His next step, if he attempts it, will be fraught with raore serious consequences, in that it may involve Poland, Rumania and Russia.- Â· Hitler's disregard of the Munich, pace provisions is only evidence that the word of a German ruler is no less a scrap of paper than it was in 1914. THE RESEARCH LABORATORY Perhaps it may sound like a fish story, but the University of Colorado has installed in its chemistry laboratories a balance so sensitive that it man weigh a gnat's eyebrow, if it has one, or the down on a peach. Suclv an instrument is, of course, of no practical value to the average person, but it has a. use. It is termed indispensable in the growing modern field of microanalysis. Many devices used in the study of chemistry and astronomy are valueless to humanity outside the scientists engaged in those lines. But they make possible bringing to the rest of us some of the greatest of discoveries. The laboratory phase of university research, as well as that of the great industrial laboratories, is of tremendous value to humanity. It is not without the realm of possibility that a Connellsville boy, or girl, may one day rise to fame through a laboratory discovery. There is much greater opportunity in that line than in following the suggestion of a. fond parent that "some day you may become President," perhaps more than that the boy may become a United States senator or representative. There should be a desire on the part of every father and mother to see that their boys and girls are given all the educational opportunities at their command. NUMBERS RACKET SQUELCHED? . If District Attorney James A. Reilly is sincere in his latest edict relative to numbers, the business In Fayette county is on its last legs--at least so long as the crusade continues. The prosecutor has issued orders to aldermen and justices of the peace to set high bail bonds for persons arrested. Writers would be required to provide ?5,000 bail. That is a figure out of their reach. Without writers the business must collapse. Adding to the difficulties _of continuation; the bond for pickup men is ordered tor be'-$10,000 and " operators of pools, $15,000. There may be a serious question of the-legality of bail so high. The first "bookie" arrested "is contesting it." Hie counsel has started a habeas corpus proceeding. Both ridicule the bond, as excessive, heavier than.recrulred-in manslaughter cases. However, racketeers not already in hock are not likely to contest" the new'scale. . .' "-. -- .- " Inability to provide bond means"languishing in jail, if arrested. . . _. _ . - TenVpbrarily~the"business has ceased in ConnellsvOle, according to.persons who have been in the habit of playing. REAL TEST FOR NERVES Hazards confronting the motorist are on the increase,, despite mechanical improvements and the further spread of hard-surfaced roads. That being true more need for sanity !n driving is "apparent. " - Â» -With a million miles of accidentless operation of buses, aver a period^of 16 years, behind him, H. B. Hawkins of Cleveland is worried about the many "smart alecs" on the roads. They give the more experienced drivers the jitters. Hawkins has piloted buses in every state of the Union and in Canada aad Mexico. Were it not for road hogs and" the" reckless type it" would be a real pleasure to drive, said; he, for the improvements that have been made since he first took hold of a wheel are such as to be almost unbelievable. -In the early days schedules were'more a hope than "a promise. They often turned out to be merely hopes. Today the much larger machines run on time that makes them real competitors of the railway trains. ' " -_ Unless examples are made frequently of the reckless autoist we may expect the jittery condition to continue. THE SLIPPING WOOL GROWERS A few years ago Fayette county stood among the first in Pennsylvania in the production of wool. It had been building up its herds steadily. Then it began a gradual decline until it has passed well out of the picture. To restore that enviable position near the top--if not at. the top--is to be the purpose of discussion at the annual meeting of the Fayette County Sheep and Wool Growers Association tonight in Uniontown. Two experts from the extension department of State College will be there to advise the members. In issuing the call for the meeting, President G. Emerson Work is concerned that there be a representative attendance. It should be 100 per cent, he said. The welfare of the growers being at stake, that should be ample incentive. With the hope of return of prosperity there is no doubt their position will be strengthened. The bigger the clip, die greater the returns. What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON, Mar. 16.--There are some few stunts at which Washington can outdo any other city in the country--perhaps any other city in the world. For instance, it is hard to think of another metropolis where n strike oÂ£ hotel employes can dislocate everyday l ife as !t does IlGre ' For one thing, the Capital has, in proportion to its size, a prodigious number oÂ£ ultra-swanky hostelries. Naturally it does. It has a very large, more or less temporary and financially rattier well-heeled population--members ol Congress and Government officials. To a great extent these folks are hotel denizens. They patronize first class hotels, too. And of course the place everlastingly is full of. transients in the private lite classification, in town in connection with dickerings between Uncle Samuel and their perfectly enormous corporate interests. These chaps include such personalities as J. P. Morgan occasionally or Wendell Willkle of Commonwealth and Southern--moguls ot the premier order. We even have kings and queens at times. Royalties, to be sure, usually are quartered at their respective embassies, but they have STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Douglass, D. D. CUMBERED WITH MANY THINGS Evil is just as often the result oj misdirected good as it is ot positive ill will. Some oÂ£ the most harmful people in the world nie those who have failed to arrange their virtues in proper sequence. To use a much hackneyed expression, they have not put first things first. The temptation of most of us today is to allow secondary things to crowd primary things out of lile. We become so cumbered with the things of life that we forget how to live. Business and household duties, club work and week-ending", committee meetings and confer- ences--we are overwhelmed by the torrent of their activities. Amid the rush of life's things let us not lose a clear view of life's objectives. As we go along the pathway of our daily duties, let us take time out to be human and humane. God loves neighborliness and compassion more than He loves busyness, and that man is a fool indeed who becomes so engrosed with the things of life that he loses a sense of the precious value of. life itself. There is a restful sense of leisure in God's dealings with men, and we are not doing; the will of God when we rush about like mad. All lights reserved--Babson Newspaper Syndicate. SIDELIGHTS equerries and lords and ladies in waiting who have to find hotel accommodations. These visitors require nobby surroundings. AU of which accounts for our Mayflowers, Willards, Carltons, et cetera, the usual stopping-places of our comparatively short-time guests, and for our Wardman Parks and Shorehams, residential hotels mainly patronized by those who stay for quite a while--the executively governmental bunch, senators and representatives. Such Folks Strike-Bound! Now, obviously it is most embarrassing to the municipality to have sojourners oÂ£ this type strike-bound here, wholesale. The heck oÂ£ it is that there's nowhere else for them to go. If-Miami were to have a hotel strike, vacationers could go to Palm Beach instead, or stop off at Atlantic City or journey to southern California. But Washington is the only possible concentration point for people who are trying to transact official business. Kings and queens, foreign emissaries and domestic lobbyists perhaps could have postponed their respective arrivals when the Washington hotel stake was., declared. But executive Federal functionaries and legislators have to be here all' the time, anyway. And at least a solid 50 per cent of them live in hotels outlawed by the strikers. True, the strike-bound hotel managements immediately asserted that their various, services were not materially handicapped. Nevertheless, a pro-labor guest at one of these inns was not in favor of crashing the picket-line to gel into and out of his Washington home.' A few did it; they bad to, to preference to eating at lunch stands and sleeping on.park benches, but they didn't like it. Cameras .Caught 'Em. The worst of it was that candid- cameramen snapped them doing their picket-lme-breaking. Such pictures necessarily will figure largely in next election. Senators Glass of Virginia and Lewis oÂ£ Illinois defied the lightning. They're not particularly popular with labor anyhow. Senator Hobert F. Wagner (super-laborite) snooped out and in through a postern exit and entrance of the Hotel Shoreham, without physically cutting the picket line. He had to--to get down to the Capitol Building and bads again. Plenty oÂ£ other lawmakers undoubtedly did the same thing without being spotted. Lucky the legislator who ras home of his own in Washington or its suburbs! Today's weather was hardly suggestive oÂ£ the fact, but such It is, that a month from now will witness the opening of the trout season in Pennsylvania. Saturday, April IS, is the day--one to which an army of lovers oÂ£ the open spaces looks forward after the long winter months. Fishing is permitted now, provided you have a license, for suckers and catfish. Carp may also be taken if they can be lured from their places oÂ£ hibernation in the depths oÂ£ pools or lakes. Our J. Austin Wills is authority for the statement carp arrange themselves in deep water, in circular formation, noses turned inward. There they remain until the return of warm, weather, says 'Aus." Sucker fishermen may bo seen any warm day along the Yough opposite South Connellsville. Some excellent catches are reported--a continuing evidence that the stream is "coming back." If suckers and catfish and carp can grow fat in witter that a few yejrs ago was barren there must now be a considerable supply of minute foodstuffs. As to bass, all they need is a plentitude of little suckers and catties and carp. They prey upon all such. NEWS BEHIND, THE NEWS By/ 1 PAUL MALLON j. i t 1 1 n ^^* * \VASHINffiTON, Mar. 1G. -- The | to question forcefully his requests. .clmmislration contusion on taxes is eing attributed ethereally to Tommy oicoian. It appears he recovered oo soon fiom his recent illness, that s, too soon to let Treasury Under eci clary Hanes get away with the usincis appeasement tax corrections i had fully planned. The rehabilitated mentor is sup- xised to have told Mr. Boose veil it 'ould be fatal to his cau^e to back- lack on taxes or anything else im- ortant now. While Tommy is behind the con- us.on, Ben Cohen is behind Tommy. Ir. Corcoran's brain twin is supposed have been alarmed for weeks by ho Administration trend toward re- orming its retormation, but he had o wait until Tommy, who is in the .rticulate half of the twin New Deal iropellors, could get out of bed and alk. They both swung Harry Hop- tins somewhat around, although he lad been freshly returned from his owa business appeasement speech. . Hopkins is reported to have beer, ess adamant than you would sup- lose, as his Iowa speech failed to let the enthusiastic reception anticipated from business. Haneb was lured to lunch in a downtown hotel last week by two of :hese three, and there the confusion started. Hanes had a program for repealing five business taxes in favor of a flat corporation tax of 20 or 21 jer cent. Among the taxes he would lave repealed were capital gains, excess protfis and undistributed pro- its. In substance, he was informed "the Administration" might not stand for such a complete program now. Hanes contended it would better stand voluntarily now, than involuntarily latter. However, he appears to have lost the argument, or at least failed to convince his adversaries. Congressmen on the Senate and House fiscal committees have felt Hanes might resign in view of the very serious effort he put into his lax-correction program with them and other authorities, unless Mr. Koosevelt in the end swings to his side. The system Mr. Roosevelt has developed lor extracting top relief appropriations from Congress is practically perfect. Congress cannot make a cut, No one can cut. No one can find out enough about what is needed His system is first to let the cities decide what they need. As any city would be considered municipally nutty if it failed to take all the money it can get from the Federal govern- t ment, the requests are wholly based V on sane human nature. This is the basis oÂ£ "need" and no one can go behind it, because no one can dispute it. The WPA just adds these estimates up, sees that the cities are not loo much out oÂ£ line, and Mr. Hoosevelt asks Congress for that amount of money. If Congress rebels as it did this year, it cannot remain rebellious long. Mr. Hoosevelt comes back In a day ^ or a month, says one or two million people are going to have to be thrown nft relief, and then sits back to let the mayors go to work on the congressmen. Tile cities do the lobbying job for him, and never fail, because no congressman can stand up against his home town screaming for Federal money--especially as there is no way ft.' a congressman to know what need actually exists except as the cities compute it, "WPA adds it and Mr. Roosevelt presents it. This time Congress took a blind stab and reduced the emergency relief appropriation $150,000)000, order- Continued on Page Ten. Stray Thoughts By S M DCHUFF and Jack's kept close watch as th second day of February approache On the morning oÂ£ February 2 w were rewarded for our faith. Th groundhog appeared, blinked, scanned the sky and then returned to its winter quarters. It did not come out again for six weeks. "Some people do not believe the groundhog makes its appearance February 2. I do. I saw it with my . own eyes. While this one was having its second sleep the Graham family moved to another house almost a half mile away. One morning a scratching "was heard on the door and when the door was opened ;n walked the groundhog." Take it or leave it! Read Paul Mallon today--on this page. Head about Tommy Corcoran and Ben Cohen, the nucleus of the 'brain trust," how they run the lovernment, even run the President, according io Mallon. Also peruse the part oÂ£ the Mallon letter about back home" pressure on members oÂ£ Congress. The Vice-President calls it a racket. The President has asked for toe 150 relief millions Congress refused him a few weeks ago. He'll probably get it. That's the way what Garner calls a racket works. At any rate, read Gallon's letter. Miss Melissa Greenawalt, pioneer resident oÂ£ Jeannette, credits more to our old friend, Bre'r Groundhog than ability to discern the weather in the six weeks following February 2, which came to an end today. According to her theory it has somewhat ot the instinct ol the dog. Here in substance is her story of woodchuck, based, she says, on personal knowledge: "When I was a girl, my brother Edward captured a baby groundhog. The State Liquor Control Board has moved to stamp out certain forms ol promoting sales to retailers, one of which is the "kickback." Chairman W. Worrel Wagner warns that it has come to the attention oÂ£ the board that the "kickback," though strictly forbidden by the control laws, has become statewide and that trapping the offendeis is a problem because they are very wily. There are several schemes working, Wagner said, including "bonuses" for purchasing so many cases of a ccitain product, (something that is done daiiy in other lines oÂ£ business, including milk,) purchase by agents, of their own brands for all customers of a cafe or barroom, and paying with a large bill, the change lor which is left for the bartender or licensee. Only, a- goodly profit makes this possible. To \vlint extent this is being worked in Connellsville is not devulged. Because of the difficulty in detecting offenders, Wagner proposes severe penalties--so severe they will wipe out the profits. He even suggests temporary closing of breweries and removal of liquor brands from State stores where salesmen are caught making "kickbacks." The board has a big job on its hands. As Others Think P/VTRONAGE PROBLEM (Washington Star.) The larger aspect of the Government reorganization issue in the comprehensive report by Lewis Meriam and Laurence. F. Schmeckebier just released by the Brookings Institution served somewhat to eclipse an important phase of the study worthy of deepest consideration, namely, the cost of patronage. In this, the authors emphasize a point too often overlooked--that the patronage principle encourages unnecessary appointments made for political reasons, and paves the way for further abuse through the employment of persons not adequately qualified to perform the duties assumed. There can be no disputing these facts. It has been pointed out time after time, by those familiar with personnel practices in the Government, that wherever politics can dictate appointments in any agency, there is continued pressure on those in charge to open the gates, and certainly, under such a system, the factor of efficiency gets little consideration. "The best known device in public administration for preventing unnecessary appointments made for political reasons and stopping the employment of persons not adequately qualified to perform the duties of the positions to which they are appointed is a competitive merit system, administered by a civil service commission and an adequate examining staff as completely independent oÂ£ political control as it is possible to make them," says the report. President Hoosevelt has recognized this principle in moving to put under civil service those positions not exempted by statute; Congress should go the rest of the way and bring the others in. A bill to accomplish this already has been introduced by Chairman Ramspeck of the House Civil Service Committee, and it is a matter that by all means should be considered as a proper accompaniment to the pending reorganization legislation. We're all "brothers under jthe skin"--only it takes a dinner or a banquet to drag that relationship to the surface.. At the stroke of 12 last night, a lot oÂ£ folks were left with nothing to look forward to but a sheaf oÂ£ school, city and county tax statements. A man who marvels (as do so many) at the masterly writing which characterizes these comments suggests that I discuss say, just two or three subjects, or topics, more lengthily in my incomparable style instead oÂ£ jitterburg-ing from one to a dozen which, if you ask me, would take a lot of fun out of my young literary life. Some of the bedroom suites displayed'Jn local storest-are really too beautiful to be slept in. Do newspaper cartoonists have first and middle names? If you think a ponderous locomotive is a stubborn thing when off a railroad track you should have been one of a big crowd that watched the removal of an auto that eased off an Apple street parking space, hurdled a high curb, and landed on all fours on the B. O. westbound main Tuesday afternoon. With our President demanding that we spend--not save--why bother about daylight saving time? Instead of the regulation cover-alls, attendants at a South Arch service station have been instructed to wear tuxedos, or tails, when servicing a certain car. They started m a k i n g generals, colonels and lieutenants at "West Point some 137 years ago today. Let's go to press. Factographs/ Sir Joshua Swan, pioneer pÂ£ the incandescent lamp, made ,the first artificial silk. He was looking lor a new type of filament for the^lamp, and squeezed a wood and cotton pulp mixture through tiny holes, producing a thread somewhat, like the., silkworm's. Clocks, when purchased; have the hands placed at 8:20, presumably because they Jobk-better'so.' Placed so the hands are the same distance from the-12 and the six, two-thirds of the space on the dial being above the hands. The petrified forests of Arizona "are aid by scientists to be much older than those in Yellowstone National 'ark. Some of the former are closely related to long extinct primitive "erns. Upset nerves and glands resulting rom over-eating cause wars and other social evils, according to a Vienna doctor. My First Catch DR. THOMAS CKARLESWORTII I caught a iish, I caught n fii.li. T pierced him In the eye. He tried to get away from me. But then he could not see. 1 caught a tibh. I We lived on a farm five miies south- j How thrilled I was with Joj west of Irwin, near Possum Hollow. Jack gave the groundhog to a neighbor boy, Jack Graham, who kept it until its death some years later. It became a great pet and played about the home like a kitten. "As the cold weather of early winter appi cached the gioundhog appropriated Jack's vest and went into winter Ir.dmg. Both our family I held it up so high ulott. And cried, "Hurrah I Ahoy 1 " J caught a fish. 1 cnughi. a flth, Oh come and rejoice with me For it's the only flbh I aver caught In the beautiful southern iea. CRANKM1KE ON GRUMBLING "You're a grumbler l" we said and old. Ctnnkmlre replied; "1 don't crumble at God or His time His tide Or the ucathv'* wbaU*\er Re chooses tend. My growltne's at men, from the start to the end "My quarrel's with ielflsHuess, meanness and hate, Foreetiulnesh, airogauce, oveiy low trait Found In man'* character: and I despise Warfare which follows diplomacy's lies "You call me A grumbler! Wei], often I ami Tired of hypoerts, \\enrled ol simml Never 1 aiowl at what must be endureo But only at evils which ought to cmetf 1 vc never reillv n heti befoie. And ohJ vnat joy I've missed From now on I shall RÂ»h some more, Tor Â£U(.i a life is Ulbb " ways* are giaclous; Hts balance i* "God just. It's men and their nations that no one can tUlit And n i l of tlie trouble:, which r u f n God's, plan Are the things which 1 growl at-- Wumk'ii ot man " Physicians deliver over 85 per cent of the infants born in the United itates. In Europe, about 75 per cent are delivered by rrridwives. DAVIDSON'S "Meet Me at Davidson's" N e w t u x e d o ; " swagger coat. 3 A Spring pastels. ; - 10.95 Individual You'll shine'in our many stunning fashions! , Eye- catching, purse-pleasing, lor cill types, tastes!