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THE DAILY COURIER] CONNELLSVJLLE, -PA. 'Â·'* HqwIt Has Brought Â·j I Civilization and : Liberty To Many People. I ' C*;*v-7if.4i, li)ljj, 1*7 TO* JBternitional 1 Â·. ' ' Syndicate. C HE FLAG of a nalioc ijMhe symbol of the patriotism aifld. loyalty of its citizens. From time immemorial even' people, every clan, every soc'tfty or'band has had an 'emblem representing the,idea or principle'.which bound them together In one common cause. Its symbolic Â·iÂ£niÂ£cant:e increased with the growth ct the organization and if that, organ-: fixation was the national government .formed by a*'people ".with the came .traditions and ambitions and bending Â·vtry effort to work out through that government: Â£he high eat ideate of Hu* im*n!ty and civilization, the Sag that stood for it all was revered end hon- orid as *aiboiyme tht soul and pur- pom, o f the-'nation, . . . In all treat movements in the world's nIÂ»torj-;-;JKme' -distinctive' token has . been selected to mark and distinguish ' 'thelcau** and tl^t 1* especially true la .the cose of the birth of a, nation. It aeems to be instinctive in. human nature to adopt some badg-e signifying: a joint or common interest in some' movement. Origin Of Tlic Fins It was not loiiff after "the Fourth of July, 1776,-that the .United Btates of America-adopted the design of a flag that would bÂ«r truly .representative of our Country.' The^ origin of 'the newr flag, 4he Stars and Stripes with thirteen Â«tripes and thirteen stars in .ex- 'plained in the rough journal of the Continental Congress anti in the record for June---J4-, 1777, we find, the following: "Resolved, that the flag of the United States: be.thirteen itnipeir alternat- ing.red and white, that th.e Union be- thlrteÂ«n stars, white in a blue fleld representing- a new constellation," The official records do not show much wen tin-lent In the creation of the' flnjr and merely mnktB its layout a Suitable one for the.Slates. There is a tradition that the atanÂ» were adopted from Washington's coat ot arms at the suggestion of Benjamin Franklin, but be this true or not, the five pointed star, with one point upward is" an ancient symbol of authority and dominion of India, Persia and Egypt. It Is a sacred symbol in Christian churches symbolizing dominion. Tradition has it that Betsy Ross* of Philadelphia, the widow oC an upholsterer and herself an expert needlewoman.mada the Hrst flag. Since that time it has spread its protecting folds over the down trodden of every lanl and which today, true to iho causs'which gave it birth, is lending Its strength and prestige in upholding ?he cause of humanity; The result must "be ft Fourth of July for all na- ilons. announcing 'emancipation tram the thraldom of Prussian militarism and Prussian domination. Todny our emblem and what It stands for and what it injsplres seems to be the hope of ths world. ' Sim Never Seta On Our Flag Our flag- is one of ths oldest natural flags in the .world and sinco !Ls birth one-half of the nations have become republics a,nd every government has given Incrnased representation and liberty to I is people. The sun never .sets on the Stars.and Stripe;* for U | flies from our embassies and consulates in every part of the world. It stands for justice and liberty to all and whÂ«rever it has been curried U haÂ» brought civilization in its wake. From ths days of John, Paul Joaes, of whom it. is said "ho hath made the flag of America respected among the flags of other nations," until the present day when it hangs side -by side with the Uniou Jack and the tri-color of France it stands for victory and liberty to the dgwn trodden. Whan vre had our Httle disagreement with England during T.ho enriy part of the 19th century It was the sight of the American flag- fiylng over FortMcHenry.which Inspired the wrlt- .EST" of our national anthem. This flag passed through several hands and In the meantime one whito star was missing. A story waa given out that this star ^jvas given to President Lincoln. Naturally thJtt is a national treasure and is preserved at Washing 1 - tcn. As it Is 2D x 32 feet It is one of the most conspicuous things in the j Museum. During- tho war with Mexico in 1S46 the American flag: brought much of that benighted land under a civilized rule and drove a certain amount of barbarism out of Mexico. It was the destiny of nations that brought the western portion of our country into our Union, thus strengthening the forces of right and progress: Japan Opened Commerce and education too follow our flag- as in 1S53 Commodore Matthew Galbruth Perry, a younger brother of the famous Lake Erie hero, carried a message to Japan from President Filmore, and for the first time the American, flag- was 5een in that closed land. Hie diplomacy had excellent results for on March 31st, 1S5.4 in the City of Yokohoma, Commander Perry signed a provisional treaty by i which the ports of Hakodata find jSimoda were opened to American com! merce. American missionaries fol- jlotfcd And Japan opened her ports to the world, and today the little yellow man of the Orient is testifying to the value of that Intercourse by lending her aid towards the destruction of the forces of evil. Cuba Liberated The sinking of the Maine brought about the Spanish-American War and rescued Cuba from Spanish tyranny. The Maine went down "with'the American flag--the "symbol of liberty had been taken down for the night and for fourteen years it lay neatly folded in a chest Â· beneath 'the Â· waters 6f . the Havana, harbor. When 1 the Maine wan raised In' 1911 Â· and the fine brought-to the surface its stripes were as red and Us. stars as whito as when It was lowered at sunset on that fataT February night of 1S98.' v Cub-was free and independent and loyal to the United States,"as is shown by her recent break with Mexico on account of pro-Gorman propaganda. So . again the benign influences of what our flag means are shown In the position which the little Island Republic'-has taken against Kaiserlsm. Â· , Kg Place In The present War- Time and again our flag- has helped the down, trodden of other nations and today tho emblem of our country is in the thick of the :flght against autocracy. When our country entered the war both-England and France beg-an to "do honor to our flag. At St. Paul's Cathedral, London, the first American troops that came to England were invited to bring- their flag 1 to service, where it was blessed in tho great .English shrine, and is to. be preserved for all time together.with those of our Allies whose Xatlonal. emblems. Like those of our own,, are Jwavlng over the hosts fighting for world liberty. The King and Queen attended and the Cathedra.l was packed. England received our coming into the war "with great joy, -The Lord Mayor ordered that British/and, American flag's be 'displayed side .by side on the front ot" the Mansion House where they still wave. ; The Lord Mayor, declared that for a century past the American flag had stood for freedom and -that American flags be displayed throughout the city. Our troops were welcomed everywhere. When the men were on .the march they were usually followed by huge automobile trucks filled with g-Irls bearing the words "Welcome to our Allies." Numbers of American soldiers were receiv'ed by the King and Queen". Everywhere in England the men bearing the Stars and Stripes were given a cordial welcome and our wounded who -.were sent there were given the best of treatment. In .France.the people went wild with Joy as .soon as our boys' landed, for .while .England feels tho need, of our help, the French people, look, at the American flag as. though it had come to save them. Ever since'General : Fershing. visited-Lafayette's grave and stick In?- a -tiny -American flag- on tn* mound said 'T-afayeite we-are here," the American soldier and his fla*r hat's been, looked, .upon as- -the -miracle. v:hich cj has come Â«o save France from the ruthless, han.d ".of the Hun/. Women -and children followed the'-Amerl- CAJJ; soldiers; aÂ£o,ut "bosTfring them to save- them -from; the Germans; The Â· American-^flag" was recognized and .saluted- o'rT the battle field in ^France h'ef or e'.we'. entered tV-war. THiis was. when, the American" Ambulance 'Corps, a;.team "of .X-eland SCandtb'FdZHen, had the;,honor :of bearing:. tUeTIHrfir-Amer- ican flajrto the front-.; .;;.. - Men Celling the.. Stars .ana: Ttrlpec have dene a thriving 1 business.in Paris a;id- .even,' Villages -Â·where .the. people wsar '. th.cm with tho -tri-color at France."' "DectffjilloiL'Day over- there jwas.carried out. in, genuine: American style and.the Graves.of",*ur .boys, whc Â·have Â· ffiven up -their--lives, were covered .with flowers. Â· The^ French Gov- eminent has nskcd-that thoir -bodiÂ« b fallowed to rest oh" French soil and h ive decided, to' mark".each American b"y's grave- with, a permanent stone. Â·pur Allies'have snTtsred much from tire -military -madman of Errope and at.-our flag has never been lowered la de-teat 'and although at limes the dayi may seem dark, the boj's who earn tha American flag- will never go down to surrender to a nation whose.great- est weapon Is frightfulnoss, the do- . struction of cathedrals and the malm- Ing- and murdering of little children. ''Then conquer we must, When our cnuso it is just, And (his be onr motto In God is our (rust. . .** 'And the Star-Spanttfcd Banner In triumph shall ware, O'er tho land of flic free , And the home- of the brave." Active In jRe3 Gross Work - Have Adopted Many French Orphans - Have Equipped the Operating Rooms of Two Hospital Ships and Have Equipped and Maintained Many Â· ; Soldiers' Clubs, etc, etc. c CopjrigU:, 1UJS, The luternaUoual Syndicate, HE WOAIEIS'.of Colonial days gave/! their. all for American -in;. ci'epe'ndence; the women of 1918 'are. sivhiff. their all to prcuerve . ;bat indciJcndeirce ;and.';to give freedom to th'e world. J To the groups of American -women orrenlzed for'speclf~ tcally patriotic- purpo*c July Fourth mÂ«ana. mure today than,.- it has. done since;.. tht ;UraÂ«f-w.heii our . fcr'cfath'ers fought, -jo-.- eitajblisa -_ ; .freedom v; of thougrht, of speech and 'of action in the Western Hei;iiÂ»phero. . ' /Â· " Everj; -^Jnerlcan - Â·tyom.an^f -.society.: created- to pefpei:uale. the'MeedW pf Colonial Â·ancfÂ«tbp huV^tuB^id^lti'. pe . sonal interests in thin^/of the past to. intensive endeavor Â· - in conciecUon with th# tilings "qt "it-he, present! 7^ ta ' ) * pllcs to thn -valua'.of 'ixtiinyj tnlltions of dollars and personal s^rvicft\and sacri.- flc* of uncounted worth" in .thjft-preaenV crisis have been given by Uic*e organ- nations to 'help the-sTeat.cauie"of to' ' mainly enriched by their labors .. Mrs, Georg;o-.Thdchcr Guernsey is the National President .of .the : B. A. R. MrsI . Matthew; T^ Scott,- a past, national prewdent. general of ..the .order, Is'' chairma-n of the'b. : 'A-. K. War Relief .Service Committee. Associated with MFS. 'Scott are Mrs;' Albert Sidney Burleaon, -wtft of : ths Postmuster General, who ';is ;Vice -president; Mrs. William H; Wait pif Ann'Arbor, Mich!-" Ban, who is in charge of ^publicity, and Mrs!:' Howard "L, .Hopkins, Secretary. ' the.ereat Â«erylce-ac- . compllshed .by the oirderi Mrs: Scott Kpoke- wfth: enthuslasni" of the'spiendid: generosity . of the women who ...had given so freely for the/ country's cause.*. "They have.- fleterih'ined^ .to give/all in : thia';g:reat' crisi'i of the. nation,*.': "she ' " ' ' DÂ«HÂ£htcrs Of OTit; BevoIittkMi , Â· Â·'. - Â· "Hut one motive ::.seftms: to .actuate this aociety or 102.000' active:" Daughters In the present crisis, and ,this Is t:o set hand*, ;'AattÂ» .and wealth, to the. nation's r ;caiise. In cold flgrures th* sum, ( 6f HO.fOO.oOD ,bas been ex- p*nded for Trar relief within the year ef the war's operation..^,In bestowal of whole-hearted service no organlza- tlÂ«n can ahow,neater evidence of rÂ«n- Â«rÂ«Â«lty arid, fltelf-iicrinee. Many of tbe:;I)au8rht6rs are doiny war work !Â· fQreiJsna "fields,' .Tlie.ina- Jority have I one In the capacity of and represent thirty said. Mr3/:Burlesqn fs one Qf .the-busiest^ wooien^in Washington, connected as- ihe is' : '(vith many organizations' which', have made 1 , war work,their.chief pros'--. 'ent alm.v.. ; In-'her'.official."capacity, as; Vice-chairman-of- the: War. Belief Sen'-" ice .Committee;. o.C ; the^Z.\;A; ; K;,. airs.' tion,' taken; up-.'and' presented'..'bjrlthV! Board;.asking t that tveryxmeinber^cpn- ; tribute ?1 to create a fund, of liofeflOO which- wouldy,lw. : invested ;in; Liberty Bonds. - At th'e recent 1 '.congress- ItTwas again '.-Mrs. Burleaon-'who; presented- the.resolution, passed by .the congress, that' the interest, on those bonds be; reinvested -In Liberty ...Bonds Â·'. during the peri ail', of toe war., -.--Â· . . .,,. -. : . v . . Â· .-, . As 'ctv.iirman.ln.4;haqpe"-:pf.;pabEicJ.ty and. Inforinatlon 'Mrs.. TP"alt' ; has jjatli- ' ' ' ability*, .generosity, self-sacrifice an jjccprnplishment of which every American';, w.ouian Â· may . be . proud. ,-'-,jVIra. Walt's ngrures_cover relief in form of supplies : for the United States forces at-home-and abroad; purchase-of "Liberty/Bonds' in the name of Lhe';'s6ciety; the adoptlcn of approximately four hundred French", orphans; raising- pf tunds.for the rebuilding: of TlKol'oy.and for- the relief of this country's allies' ;-Britain, Belpium, Flanders, Italy,. , o k i n d , ''Serbia; and'; Armenia. The AnancIaJT'-statement .giving the Hem' zed expenditures in every, one'of these cases does not cover the! co"Et : bf.twen- ty. ambnlances;-;lO,-400 -garments^ sent to-France;' 19S,i:OT. hospital garments; 1;801,26S surglciLl supplies; 461'bittoc- ula'rs; books by, tens of thousands' and many, hundreds of- supplie3' : in other form^ . - ,r ' Â· \.\ -Â·'."' -..-;; ; Â· ' Â· _ Â· ' T h e undertaking iof the' Daughters to -rebuild the village-'of TiUoIoy -in-the Spmme district ..of. France is one of ,-the-. raost.pidturesque- stories, of re' : them with shelter. Bricks supplied for the rebuilding- of their homes and the. tilling of'the devastated land are lending- their due of comfort and courage to the people.- National Society Ot Colonial Dames Â· - Â· - . . . O f America. ' Â·The National,Society of tfie Colonial Dames., of America was organised twenty-seven-' years ago to preserve the earliest' historic landmarks of this country,'but .war and woman's part "in Â·war work have diverted the present activities of. this ' organization of ap-, proximately. eight thousand members.; Into' avenues .' of" exclusively humanitarian intent 1 , its president is Mrs. , Joseph Ruckar Lamar. . .' ' - - Â·' j 'The. war ...worlc of the.. Colonial Dames has-lbeen, largely"-Â· cooperative. The .Dames^haye. .alUad themselves , witK the "Woman's Committee, of the } Council .ottNatlonal Defense in The various .States; a n d - f o r special; local j service, "with, the- Red Crqsa^'.-lie^ YounE : Womeri's Chr.Istla'n'-Assofclation;'', their 'Nat|onal^. lieague'^for^Â·'rvydjn'an's. Se.Eyjcej ,Â«tiie: : '-Spec'ial ; .-'Aia : Society,Cthe erless Children of France, the Navy League, the Emergency Aid, the Bel- Kian Relief and other organizations performing- special war work;'. Nearly a hundred thousand articles have been 1 donated for .the, .equipment of hospitals, with about an equal number of knitted garments; 200,000--surg-ical dressings, and many thousandS'-of',un- counted articlea of every^ necessary character. .' " - Â· "*" Â·-Â·" '." Â·Â·."Â·-..'. -The Cplonial Darnes are organized iiv forty corporate c-r State societies "iuhc-- tloning: individuÂ«lly in tho main socier ty, but uniting in various great i*/ar; efforts. One of : the latter .was the; rais- irigrlof fifty thousand dolldrs/'fbr-.the equipment of the operating: rp-Qma"of, the- two naval Jiospltal;.ships, 1 . : '.'Corn-' fort" and . "Meircy.' 1 -.- This :-glft; ; .lpre- sentcd to the ;3Nvy:'throirgh..--.th.Q,"':Red Cross, provided; not .only, ^he^oralnory operating'., equlpmeait- for., the ^ooms tint...;furnlsh.ed ~'the X-Ray j;and^ labbra-/ clal . drugs. ;.;Entert-p.inmei*iit\-fea'tur.es;'. Bucb, '.Eis ..moving piotur'es i '''a*nd^rBels,- phono'g-raph records 1 'and' oi^or articles .\rrhicti migrJit contrJb : ato-tp ;the l coinfort and recreatloii of invalids were also supplied. Another "united and picturesque effort was the presentation of a large Â«Jlk''Amerlcaa flag 1 to General Pershinsr, for the use of the "first American troops sent abroad to serve in the war of 1917." This flag was gracefully acknowledged by General Pershing. Beyond this chronicled work, there has been Vn unrecorded amount oÂ£ war sen'ice given In .hostess houses, in lecturing, in. furnishing headquarters for officers, in donations of houses for soldiers' clubs, with their maintenance and equipment, in Americanization work among' foreigners, in food production and conservation and in many other forma of -war activities. ' United States Daughters ^f 1812 No woman's organization will celebrate. Independence. Day \yith grfeatet enthusiasm than will the National "Society of the United Daughters' of 1S12, with its ten thousand members in every State'in the Union. These women who are the descendants "of men who served the Union In ' the War of. 3812, have.. also throVn themselves with intensive vigor and earnestness Into, the present issue, taking for their slogan, "Patriotic Service." Tho President of the order," Mrs. Robert Hall Â·Wiles, of. Chicago, "writes, in. sunimar- izinir,,the war work of her organization: "On- February. 3. the United States Government broke off diplomatic re- 1 lations with Germany^ On the .next cfay the -President of the National So- 1 ciety United States Daughters'of 1813, | telegraphed President Wilson pledging the allegiance: of this society, and its active assistance in every possible way. The. presidents .of thi.rty-three State branches immediately-- formed" Red Cross units'and. our members- aI: " most TviUiout excepUon. Individually joined:the Bed CroMtvVC. -"Â· w'- .. "From . that time f tol this^we have' " ' " . . every call-lmadc upon' us/.', wrjte.s Wiles.". " ".We_ have. : subscribed; to the Liberty^ Ixans . and^lnyo-'takaa active ' . . - , Christian "Association in ; the.ir.,eff6rte_to' : prb-Hde J6r..the comfort andVwh^esomeyrecrcatlon- of the soldiers -: 'Â·"Â·'Â· Â·Â·^Â· ~ ; '' ; ' .,. Â«*Â«^.//'o^^our"''m'enabers have takon .the-. Red.i Cro'as training'and. are now teaching 1 ";Â·.others?.;',We. have provided- liospiiivl suopUesV surgical., drearfngs, comfort; 3iitV, and knitted''garments, in vcry..lafjrei.'numbers/ also canned '-fruits and-;.;ye(cbtab.lea .for 'the 'use of boso hospitals," and"-;books and magazines- for the cantonments. We have undertaken the maintenance of '.many French "orphans, and cohtrlbutioni have been sent to aid Belgians, Serbians, Armenians and Poles, "We havÂ« engaged in many different 1 schemes for raising Â· money for the various war relief measures. - Our moral support and service and our money'have been given to the- fullest extent possible to all measures-connected with -the sue* .cessful prosecution of the war.".. .One of the most interesting of thÂ«Â» groups of "Seal** Daughters ,of 1812' Is found In the .District of Columbia Society. A unique memento,of. their . service in the world war _IB','_ a flaj wJiich they haye^ade with their own : hands a'n'd which they have presentsd Â· to their society. Thfs flag "is a replica,, reduced one-third in size, of the "Star- Spangled Banner," which fiew' from Fort McHenry'during the War *f 1S12 and Inspired our National. AnthTem. iuiglitcrs Of - Foimdors And -Patriota Another society -n-hoss members' hearts and -voices will re-echo the prayer for continued-independence for this.country-and-freedom-for the rest of the trorld on July Fourth is the National Society of Daughters of "Founders and Patriots of America. This is a' small. organization,,as far as figures j-o, there_.being_but one thousand mem- jers to compose Us eighteen chapters n as many-sections of the United States, but its spirit and work In the present "crisis are ".worthy of high' n-aise...' -Jlra..'Thomas K. Noble, Washington, Is the National President of this society, and.she reports energetic work in every branch. of war relief service. ; "As I look back over the year's work of the National Society of Daughters of;Po^nders:-and Patriots of America, the. thought _,ihat . 'stands /out most is t3ie Intense', patriotism of v 6u"r. Daughters." said Airs. Xoble. - "Their'-ertorts have been untiring, and ili6y..;^ya'"cro-wHcd them all* by mak- ^grtliejBupcein5^acrmce, -the" giving- of their-sons; pieiir..Very-heart's blood. wade;tH'fe last gift willing-' hat;. heart-rendlns Is' niofhers and to God! The'sflT^'ifts.." of' *' se ryice,. of treasure, and.'of."soris have bound us all together ''.Â· by-a^oew-.tie.'a gQldcn cord pf sen-ice for;oiir beloved country. Independence -'" Day; : ^19i|, : ^'ill'sce-.^ur'order stronger ,. andv--with'^a' reitDw-ed -purpose to be-" "co^me Â·Tmore-.SJidr more worthy of our noble heritage";as-'-lqie',Daughters ot- Â· Founders.;, and . Patriots"'ofA-AmerlctiiA. who; gave ibeir'lives to mako AmerJci" . : - 'The.home'of'the bravo-aafl thÂ» lam) of the free.'" " . '