The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on February 28, 1938 · Page 4
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February 28, 1938

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Monday, February 28, 1938
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FOUR. THE DAILY COURIER, CONNELLSVILLE, PA. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 193S. latly THE COURIER COMPANY . James J. Drlscoll _____ R. A. Donegdn Walter S. Stimmel James M. Driscoll _______ J. Wylle DriscoU 1 Publlshei President and General Manager Secretary and Treasurer Editor _____ Associate Editor .-Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau ol Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2 50 for six months by mall U paid in advance. Entered as second class matter at the Postofflce, Conncllsvlllc, Pn. MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 28, 1938. . EAR3I EDITOR ASSAILS REGULATORY. ACT "The Pennsylvania Farmer," recognized organ of agriculture In. this State for more than a half century, finds implications in the recently signed Agricultural Adjustment Act that can be only detrimental to tho fanners and the Nation at Large. After enumerating tho provisions of "the measure tho'editor assails it in these ·words: "Most of the means stated \ve believe to be unsoand. The compulsion involved in marketing-quotas is sweetened by the referendum required, but that will mean nothing if referendums are conducted as in the past. The ever- normal granary, which is incidental to the Joans, Is a delusion so far as its benefits to agriculture and business arc concerned. Loans based on parity prices instead of actual values are imply weird financing and a kind of financing that our government would not tolerate if attempted by banks or other public lending institutions. Crop insurance is likely to prove too expensive for farmers unless it Is subsidized, but it might as well be tried here as anywhere. The whole system of paying for land improvement to produce more, then paying for lesser production or prohibiting production by quotas and taxing sale of \\hat has been, produced, is inconsistent even if some parts of It should prove to be good for agriculture and the country. ' "But the realities of the act as expressed In its words arc hardly so important as Its implications. Dictatorship ill sight for agriculture is one of the things implied, and ·with it the lohs o£ our freedom to pioduce and to Mill wholesome commodities (hat we have produced. Dislocation of other agricultural production by the regulation of the five crops is implied also. For land taken out of cotton this year, or out of anything any year, will be devoted to something else and will dislocate production of something else. Price-fixing by government agency Is implied in parity payments, In loans and in market quotas. Further los* of foreign trade, with more competition by foreign countries, is implied particularly In cotton. Government acquisition of vast quantities of commodities is implied, as loans may be made Ueybnd the actual value of the collateral, and with that the demoralizing uncertainty attending the disposal of these accumulations. Reimposi- tion of processing taxes Is implied, in fact is already proposed, but probably will be postponed for strategic reasons. If taxed on excess sales or processing taxes become realities they mean a great increase in the forces for enforcement of law and collection of taxes. All these things and some others are implied, including the extension of , the provisions of the act to other crops and ultimate absolute official control of our agriculture. Probably experience will prevent some of these things, but ,they are all possible under this legislation--and deplorable." The average farmer is like the average member of Congiess which adopted the bill--has small conception o£ what it means to him or the public. DEMOCRATIC HARMONY A FLOP Democratic slate making suffered further setbacks over the week-end. In Pittsburgh, at a Western Pennsylvania conference of the CIO, boos greeted tho name of David L Lawrence, State chairman, one of the speakers of the occasion, while "a thunderous ovation" \\as given Lieutenant Governor Thomas Kennedy, the man the slate makers turned down in favor of Thomas Alvln Jones. In Philadelphia, David J. Stein, publisher of the Philadelphia Record, in a front page editorial Sunday, demanded the withdrawal of Jones. Stern has been hostile to Jones from the beginning, lie was among the four who conferred with the President last week In Washington in an attempt to pour oil on the troubled political waters in the Keystone State. Harmony in the Democratic ranks seems out of the fiuebtlon, tho way the preliminaries to the campaign are developing. Attorney General Alavglotti is pointing the ·nay to an old-fashioned_split,byji.l£ denunciation of tho leaders as. bosses. ^ - IT 3IAY BE TJP TO THE RAILROADS If "the Interstate Commerce Commission will g^-ant the increases proposed'-ln tue'pendlng rate case, the railroads will spend forJmRrovenients at least a billion dollars an- annually formvericryearg; according to one of their spokesmen, FresfiTent-.T.,yf.- Davls-ofthe Delaware, Lackawanna and Wcstcrn^-JIhci "decision" of the ICC Is.due March 15. JlrrDaTrts-contends the increases sought would restore' the earning power of the carriers to the level of 1930. He believes they have established tho need in the public mind. The immediate buying for improvements would bring back thousands ot workers to factories all over the country, he adds. ^ ' " - - - - .· ... With the Adnilnibtiation Idling while opeiating forces are further cut and wages'reduced, there is no sign of relief from that source A fifteen per cent addition to the cost of fieight shipments would not be nearly so burdensome as continued heavy taxation of industry in general and Us resultant effect on all who must earn wages or salaries to live. DRUG ADDICTS BELIEVED DECLKfiDfG Figures compiled by the Treasury Department seem to Indicate the. grip of the narcotic habit may not be as great as the public has been led to believe. A census of Chicago', reveals but three "slaves" in every 10,000 of. population. There ^ere 3,375,000 inhabitants of the Windy City In 1930. Private surveys purported to show as many as 60000 addicts. The go\ eminent binvey did not include persons addicted to marijuana or those under the care of physicians. Upstate New York, not yiclndiiig^New Yoik City, showed an a^erag^ ot only txvo'in 10,000; ""-^ The figures indicate a'sharp reduction during tho last decade, according-to'Elmer L._Jrey, coordinator of the Treasury's enforcement division, which is.pieparlng to launch a new campaign to Avipe£~out the-narcotic ding business. ~ ~~ -. ~ ~ Officials believe the average of addicts for the entiio (Otintiy \\ill be below that ofUliicaKO N-\vYoik fig\uo. are not complete. 'ORIENTAL INFLUENCE ON THE ART OF TODAY' Today in Washington ' By DAVID LAW 1ENCE What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Colunmlst WASHINGTON. Feb 28--Official Washington is exceedingly shy ot gong on record vith nny expression concerning the international situation created by Dictator Hitler'* recent roadcast from Berlin, by Anthony Aden's resignation as foreign minister n London and by British Premier Neville Chamberlain's apparent ac- qucscencc in the German-Italian Japanese world program, \vhatc\er it moy lead to. There is no doubt houe\er, judging from confidential utterances by State, War and Navy dtpaitmcntal authorities, that American eovcrn- mcntal sympathies are with retiring Minister Eden, in his view that now is the time to call the dictatorial powers' bluft, in preference to letting matters drift for the present, which obviously is Prime Minister Chamberlain's policy. This is natural enough. America being one of the world's democratic countries, inclusive also of Britain, Franco and some few of the little peoples, such BB Holland, Switzerland nnd the Scandinavias. Likewise, curiously enough, communistic Russia. Spain's pretty radical loyalists and miscellaneous China are mentioned as prospective democratic allies. In fact, critics practically have ceased to speak of Russian communism as a danger, because it is so evident that communism is, not so immediately threatening as Naziism, Fascism and Japanese aggression. Instead, it's hostile to them--v irtual- ly is pro-democratic for today's purposes U. S. CANNOT SPEAK Due to the unmistakable popularity ot an isolationists attitude on the pail of the United States, Uncle Sam is in no position to find outspoken fault with Britain's prime mimstei in electing to let Hltleriom, Mussoimi- ism and Japanese militarism run rampant for a while It is recognized that, with some hint of the probability ot American support John Bull's backbone might be considerably stiffened. So would France's. The French justifiably ore afraid to go to the mat with Germany 'and Italy combined unless Britain promises to help them. And Chamberlain, in him hesitates to undertake nny going to the mat without n similar America] intimation, to say the least, BOOSTS NAVAL PROGRAM At all events, the situation has given a tremendous boost to the administration's gram . .., . ou Jt i wjsu- lui ui 10 aiuupi tui- universe," the gruff old philosopher (am tl)1|)g , u t cannot change nnd grunted and said, "Cad, she'd bet- make tho bc;t of them. They may ·r." i Irritate and irk us day m and day Thcte are some things In this life out, but there Is nothing to do about \c had better accept and get along them with us best we can We may not In fact Me c.-n be pretty sure that Ike our features, our stature, our God v ould have it so One way He ·elativcs, or the color of our skin has ex idcntly planned to tram us is 3ut we had nothing to do with mak- o\ s«in« how happily and with what ng these things as they are, and purpose we can Inc in a world where we can do nothing to change them c\eo thing is not according to our faubmtsjion in some cases is cra\cn taste All rights reserved--Bib son Newspaper .Syndicate naval increase pro- There is no denying that European conditions look like a war ahead ·Hitler and Itfussolini clearly havi made up their minds to attain objectives which Britain, as well as France, and the smaller democracies ultimately will have to draw the line at. Prime Minister Chamberlain can be as peaceful a«i he pleases, he can be voted out of office in short order England's national elections are no like this country's--at stated internals. An administration can be overturned in Jlg-timc--n month or two CRISIS APPROACHES And the noticeable popularity OL belligerent, retiring Minister Eden strongly suggests thnt this will hap pen soon In such a case the pcace-or-war Is'iie will be put on the spot directly Will Germany, Italy and Japan back dou n ' No one can tell At best it Mill be a \ttally bilious crisis A Will Rogers' pantheon monument will be erected on Cheyenne Mountain beside the Rogers' shrine A Colorado Spimgs, Col, millionaire is sponsoring the monument \\hicl \Mll contain oil paintings depicting phases of Hie humonsts life. STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Dougl.uss, D D. ACCEPT WHAT CANNOT BE CHANGED When Thomas Carlylo was told that and cowardly. In many other cases Margaret Fuller, the New England »n unv-illingncss to s-ubmit is both WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.--Prcllml- units can ! bo attached to' cxisiiVis naiy llguics show that the budgets |cquipmen but, unless there Is a rc- of electric power companies for the sumption lot capital spending for year 1938 contain (Only $350,000,000 more plaiit capacity, Ameucan m- for contemplated 'expenditures of dustry will face a shortage of power new consttuction, \fhich Is 1 even less at a timc when "· will most need than 1837, whereasf ofiicial informa- electrical cneigy in order to expand tlon assembled by Government factory employment, agencies themselves Indicates that p r lor to » h = depression, the utility that private utilities ought to be industr.- averaged about $800,000,000 spending a round $1,000,000,000 a a y car m spending for new plants year for additional plant nnd equip- und equipment, and, due to the stag- mcnt nation of the capital markets and the The explanation, ot course, is that 'a* of construction during depres- nobody %vants to lend money to sion veais, the electric power Indus- utility companies as long as the TVA fy s so far behind that even nn sword o£ Damocles is handing ovci expenditure of $1,000,000,000 is by the pi I ate power companies Presi- no means high and merely rcpre- dent Roosevelt talks about settling scnts n minimum ct what ought to the problem, but actually does noth- bc s P ent simply to avert a pouer ing about It. Either he is afraid of shortage nnd to assume the continu- the people ownership crowd In Con- nncc Ol Iow rotcs Io consumers, gross, or he is too busy on other Electric power companies are faced things to get ot this, his most ciTcc- --apart from government competitive way to "prime the pump" tlon--with rising costs of coal ana Meanwhile, strange as it may labor and othcr maintenance items, !,ccm, theie is looming up a power »° that anybody Mho is getting ready shortage in America of serious proto lcnd a »y ° f his Precious savings portions. This information is dc- *° « «U Iitv company will naturally rived from some of the Government's want to have some clearing of the own economic studies, so it can hard- air ° n a Iot ot thin « s bctore hc ly bc attributed to any source in- ""litics can hope to borrow $1,000,- \olvcd m the present controversy. 000,000 a icar from the American Thus, it is set forth that, for the PC°P'e- year 1938 ns a whole, the average These sums cannot be raised en- output per unit of installed general- tirc 'y '''rough bonds or what is ing capacity was only about four known * H«t mortgage or senior sc- pcr cent short of 1920 During a curltics. What has to happen is that large part ot 1!37, the power produc- thc P ubllc must Icel thc "W to sup- lion ran as much as 10 per cent above P ] ^ money for what are known as 1938, and there were times when the 3 umor securities; thnt is, preferred capacity-use factor was estimated at stocks or common stocks. During the 12 per cent above the 1929 high !ast flv y ears that thc «'"""cs have There arc, of course, power re- becn undor attack, hardly a dollar scrvei and wide differences among o£ common stock money has been individual systems, so that actual rltlscd for utilities power shortages can for n while Mr - Hoosevelt has been insisting be averted by some intcr-conncctlon. that tl »s 's oil imaginary and that the This method, however, Is useless utilities have nothing to fear because when power shortage becomes gen- thc aroa o£ government competition eral. If business should pick up is restricted to about 15 per cent o£ again to 1938 levels during 1938 or thc country. But this 15 per ccnc 1939, thc danger ot a power short- is ^'"K carefully watched by thc in- agc will bc very great, indeed, for vcstor to determine when and how it power plants cannot bo built over- wl » spread and what kind oJ an np- nlKht. It takes about two ycnrs to P^iser of property values Uncle plan, build nnd equip a present-day Sam is R° in S to be whcn he buys generating plant of thc steam type, out existing utility systems in that and about three years to construct s=«-somc 15 pc r cent area. new stations on the water power Thc simple solution proposed some basis. Some additional generating Continued on Page Seven. ntellcntual, had said, "I accept thc .foolish and futile So it is wise (or us to accept cor- In the Day's News Brjoi comment oo Current Eventi Hero and TBere Martin Sullivan, revenge slayer of five persons ot Duqucsnc, sits In thc ihadow ot the electric chair nt Rock- vlcw, but he mny escape the ordeal o£ the last mile. Alter he had becn placed in a death cell, ready for execution this morning, Governor Earle respited him until March 21, thnt a sanity hearing may be arranged. Sullivan had not asked for a stay. In fact he had expressed n desire to die. At his age it would bc better than to live, he told reporters. Perhaps his actions on thc way to the death house had something to do with the reprieve. Employes of the billing dcp irtment of thc West Pcnn Po\ver Company expressed admiration for him as a Kcnleman and their appreciation oC his attitude toward them as thc manager of the department by giving Albert T. Hemp a testimonial dmnei To cmphasi/c their affection lor him they presented him with a lounging chair Mrs. Hemp was on hand to witness the demonstration and hear thc program the employes arranged She was given a huge bouquet of flowers which formed the centerpiece o£ the table at which they feasted. It was a happy occasion for all of the 85 there. Mr and Mrs. John C. Williams of South Conncllsville have joined the procession of couples to round out 50 years of happily married life. Their golden anniversary was duly celebrated with a dinner Along with words of congratulations from kin and friends hcie came cables from Wales, where the marriage ot Margaret James and John Williams was solemnized way back in 1888 They have lived nt South Conncllsville since 1901. Those were thc dajs ot activity in theie. Mr the tin mill induslrj Williams was a rollei Tho mill has long since disappeared from thc map. Just one more note about sportsmen's dinner last week the The /As Others Think IN" DEKRY TOWNSHIP (Lalrobe Buletin.) Thc Federal Coal Commission has called off all its minima and Its maxima ' It hns wiped thc slate clean, pcparitory to starting all over again in its cndca\or to stabilize the bituminous mining Industry. Well, there Is Just one thing that the local district would like thc commission to consider. Whcn it fixed Its minima without taking into consideration thc conditions affecting thc Derry township field, nearly 1,000 miners \vcrc deprived of M-ork, simply because thc mine owners no longer were allowed to soil their coal at a price which cmblod them to find a market for their product And ulicn thc courts began to lop off some of the minima, the miners In Derrj township began to get work again--500 of them at one mine, 100 of them at another mine, nnd so on. Not work every day, to bc sure Scarcely any miner? anywhere are Retting lull-time But work which brought them pay envelopes that were pnrtlallv filled--fnr ahead of nothing." Thc Coal Commission incident to its first endeavors to stabilize thc Industry, knocked nearly 1.000 miners out of work In thc local district. That was not stabilizing thc Industry very well, Irom thc standpoint of Dcrry township Let's hope that as thc Coal Commission sets out anew to fix minimum prices for the bituminous industry, and thus to stabilize it, thi 1 commission will take heed lest it again suddenly deprive a thousand miners of their jobs in a field which has been operating more or less steadily for a longer time than many nnothei field Thc Coal Commission wiped its s-lntc clean, and Dctry township began to die coal again Your Income Tax Deduction for Tax on Motor Gas. If an automobile is used for both business and pleasure, all of thc maintenance and operating expenses connected therewith, which constitute allowable deductions for Federal income-tax purposes, should bc allocated to thc two uses on thc basis of thc time that it is used for each. For example, If the total expense of operation and maintenance, plus depreciation, for thc taxable car amounted to $800, and thc car was used three-fourths ot the lime for business and tnc balance of thc time for pleasure, thc allowable deduction {or Federal incomc-tux, purposes */ou!d bc $600. It a law which imposes a tax ,.n gasoline shows that the tax is imposed on thc consumer and not on the dealer, the consumer may Jcduct as a tax, for Federal income-tax purposes, thc amount of thc gasoline tax paid by him; but thc taxpiyer must have kept records of, thc payment of such taxes in order that thc deduction may bc substantiated as is required by the law and thc regulations. Thc Federal gasoline tax is not deductible by the consumer. A taxpayer may ascertain whether thc gasoline tax Is Imposed by a State is deductible by thc consumer or by the dealer by addressing an inquiry to the collector of internal revenue for his district. In any case where thc gasoline purchased is used for business purposes the tax may bc added to thc cost of thc gasoline and deducted as a business expense; but where that is done, thc gasoline tax cannot bc deducted separately under thc item of taxes. A WISE MOVE When Confronted By Srrlous Financial Problems. It'* A Wise Mote To Sw U« For A $25 to $300 CASH LOAN No Endorsers or Staler* No KrnlinrnuviiiirnL Ask About The Union Repayment Finn. No Payment for 30 Dnji. Up fo 18 Mon(h« (o Repay. Old RcIIaIilo-2? Yn. In Greeiuburf I».im Mule In Westmoreland Anil Siirroimrtlnc Counties. Cnll--Phone--Or Write. N I O N LOAN CO. Ml--Seeonil Floor First National Bank BM*. Phone 1-3-1-3 GREENSBURG u Jast Folks By EDGAR A GUEST speaker of.thc evening, Colonel faul Hunt of Pittsburgh, told the diners that anytime they have problems concerning diseases of flsh that miy de- I vclop in streams or ponds the biology i \ departments of the nearby unlver- | sitics and colleges will bc ready at t loused to v.tsh and v.Ish In vain any time to help them. They'll jump at thc chance to make such studic , the speaker said. All that is necessary is to get specimens to the laboratories in good condition He was speaking from long experience, he said. MISSED I'd elve a lot to hear him say put thnt bock of mine . needlessly he'd not complain . Or " Iuch nt * ° TM Because his things \vcrcn t Innd-bj But now alone the rooms I keep. Dust nil thc furniture nnd succp. Put whitsoe'er I choose nwnv And no one lias a word to say I d give a lot If he were here have chills run To ash lor thtnus which dlsippcir. It's enough to - - -down one's spine at thc thought of And .,, !tor " 1 . " b ? m the pl ° c f- and bc thc lethal Uectnc chaii H's too bo «"ti B hk«i nnnoycd by me much, in the mind of Judge Samuel Heller of Chicago, whcn a piactical paralyzing shock raced through h : bcJy. He suffered burns that necessitated treatment b} a doctor joker mgs up such a device to "shock" his \ictims Hiiry Stan complained tint Leo Risen, an elcc- t The judpe se\oioly airaigncd Rosen trie sign compin} nnnngei" called iwl o i d i n d the chaii broupht mlo him into the comp my ofiico to m- .om-t Pi ictic it joi.cs occasionalls- suei a fake phone call As lie sat Lnd fatnll Thc court is to bc com- ctovn in a chair .it thc phone n mended 101 its altitude davidsonV "meet me at davidson's" of course, you'll want a SUIT man-tailored by "passarelli" indlsponsblc to spring · chic, tho new classic suits mould our figure, they'ie man tailoiO'l by "pas,iaielh" . . . June bcxilpleii hish bosoms, slim s.kuli . , . s-utts j o u ' l l l U e in 17.00 SUITS, IN oim mnvxsTMKs \N.\K\ AUK ONLY .s.ou

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