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LAST E DITION RICE The Best Advertising Medium In the Yough Region. VOL. 3Â«, NO. 97. Tho Weekly Courier. Founded July 17. 3B70. Tho Daily Courier, bounded November 10. 1002- Merdcd. July 18. 1020 CONNELLSVILL-E, SATUKDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 26, 1938. EIGHT PAGES. FOUR NATIONS JOLT JAPAN WITH STERN FAR EAST ATTITUDE S-- Jnited States, England, France, Germany Speak Alike. HOLD NIPPONESE FOR ALL DAMAGE By H. O. THOMPSON United Press Staff Correspondent. TOKYO, Feb. 26.--The United States, Great Britain, France nnd. Germany have informed Japan that they will hold her responsible for any damage to property belonging to their citizens in China, it was learned today. The notes, uniform in character though varying In text, were replies to a Japanese circular note two weeks ago in which Japan sought to waive responsibility to property of "foreigners in portions of China not under Japanese control. The United States and France, it was learned, replied early this week and Britain and Germany replied today. Japan's note, which the foreign office said was a suggestion rather than formal request, asked the powers to instruct their citizens In war area territories undor Chinese control to mark their properties plainly --both walls, for ground forces, and roofs or grounds for airplanes--to submit maps to Japanese military commanders showing the situation of their properties, and to keep Chinese troops away from their properties. Otherwise, the Japanese note said, it would be difficult for Japan to accept responsibility. The replies were in general agreement, it wi'S learned, that though in some instances citizens of the nations concerned had been urged to evacuate danger areas, they were fully entitled to remain if they elected to dp so. It was emphasised that the powers would continue to hold Japan responsible lor the actions of Japanese troops despite the arguments cited. In previous instances where complaints have been made that Japanese airplanes bombed properties such as schools, the- Japanese have said that they believed Chinese troops were deliberately seeking refuge in foreign properties. In a statement in connection with the four-power notes, the foreign office today denied repoits that Japan had requested the withdrawal of American citizens from North China war areas. In her notes, he said Japan asked the powers to have foreign property marked appropriately and to try to get China to stop putting troops near foreign properties. Motion lo Permanently Ban German Bund Will Be Heard Next Month GARY, Ind., Feb. 26.--A motion to make permanent an injunction banning all activities of the German- Arr.erican Volkshund in Lake county, Indiana, will be heard March 8 by Superior Judge Berthram C. Jcn- kines. He issued a temporary order yesterday restraining the Volkbund from soliciting members or holding any meetings in Lake county. Named as defendants in the application, filed by Attorney Richard S. Kaplan, were Fritz Kuhn and Wilhelm Kunzc, bund officials. Kaplan charged hand activities "endanger the happiness, good will, reputation and homes of American citizens." He said ho acted as a citizen and a member of the Jewish faith. The Injunction also prohibits the bund from attacking or villifying any member of the Jewish race, attacking the principiles of the United States Constitution, or leasing any premises in Lake county. Kaplan said he was prepared to institute similar proceedings in Chicago or any other counties in Indiana where he deemed it "necessary." EVERSON COUNCIL FIXES 1938 LEVY 'A tax levy of 22 1-2 mills has been fixed for 1938 by Everson council. The millage is divided as follows: General purposes, 12; debt, four and a half; water, three, and street lighting, three. Former Cliarapion Dies. PITTSBURGH, Feb. 20.--Funeral services will be held today for Richard Hahm Bennet, 82, former national trap-shooting champion and expert archer who died after a long illness. He will be buried at Allegheny Cemetery. 700 PLANES BATTLE OVER. CHINA CITY By JOHN R. MORRIS United Press Staff Correspondent. SHANGHAI, Feb. 26.--A Japanese communique said today that 30 Russian and American made warplanes had been shot down in a gigantic air battle over Nanchang, capital of Kiangsi province. Chinese reported that Russian pilots with their forces shot down eight Japanese cralt in the fight which involved 100 planes. Nothing was said regarding Chinei-e loss.es, but the Chinese also claimed a "great victory." Fearing further attacks on the island of Formosa, off the cast coat of China, the Japanese command ordered the destroyer flotillas to return to Japan to be equipped with additional anti-aircraft guns, the Chinese asserted. A raid was conducted by 29 Japanese planes against Wuchow, far to the south in Kwangsi province, ax the belief that the city served as a base lor large numbers of Chinese pursuit planes. Little damage was reported despite an intcrslve bomb- ment Used Cars Will Be Displayed In Business Streets In an effort to stimulate the automobile industry, the city's automobile dealers will participate in the National Used Car Exchange Week from March 5 to 12 with a street showing of the various used models, it was decided at n meeting held Friday afternoon at the Mason Motor Company garage in West Apple street. Mayor Ira D. Younkin has granted the use of two streets for the event and dealers will direct every effort towards making it a success. Over 60 used cars will be placed on display in Pitlsburg street between Peach street and Fairview avenue and on West Crawford avenue between Pittsburg and Arch streets and each one will be a bargain. Parking will be prohibited on the two streets set aside but in order to alleviate that condition, the large used lot of the Mason Motor Company at^Vcst Crawford avenue will be made into a free public parking lot with an attendant to take care of machines. Paul R. Secman and John Q. Adams, Uniontown dealers, attended the meeting and told x what preparations had been made at the county- seat. Mr. Seeman said the prime purpose of National Used Car Exchange Week Js not to sell automobiles but rather to educate the buying public as to the value of used cars. He said he hoped the formation of the two city groups would eventually lead to a county organization as then the used car price could be better stabilized. A committee was appointed to enlist the cooperation of the Merchants' Club. Washington Paper To Increase Price WASHINGTON, Pa., Feb. 26.-Effective Monday, the Washington Observer will bo sold at three cents a copy, instead of two, and there will be corresponding increases in subscription rates. Increased cost of production was given as the reason for the boost in the price of the paper. Next Week's Weather WASHINGTON, Feb. 26.--Weekly weather forecast: North and Middle Atlantic states, snow or rain at beginning again about middle and again at end of week, mild temperatures at beginning, colder Monday night and Tuesday, mild Wednesday, colder r.gnin Thursday night or Friday. Directed to Pay. UNIONTOWN, Feb. 26.--Monthly support order of $25 for his wife and two children was imposed by the court on Leonard Cooley, who was also directed to pay $4 a month on the costs in his case. Payments, to begin March 28, will be made at Male Probation Officer William Gladden. D I S O R D E R S IN AUSTRIA ANTICIPATED Police Ready for Any Pro-Nazi Demonstrations at Graz. MAYOR FORCED TO QUIT POST By ROBERT H. BEST United Press Start Correspondent. VIENNA, Feb. 26.--Hans Schrald, pro-Nazi mayor of Graz, announced his resignation today In protest against the government ban on demonstrations. Police prepared for a week-end of expected disorders at Graz, turbulent capital of pro-Nazi Styria province and remained on the alert In Nazi Carinthia and other centers. Chancellor Kurt Schusehnigtr, determined to face a showdown with the Nazis, sent spccinl instructions to police all over the country to enforce a ban against demonstration! or propaganda of any sort. Schuschnigg, it was reported, sent an order to Schmld to take a "vacation" as the first move toward ousting him. Schmid, defiant, said to the "United Press of his having given permission to Nazis to hold demonstrations: "The population fully agreed with what I did. It would not be very clever to force my resignation." But after this apparent implied threat, ho said he would resign. He said his resignation was to' protest against what he considered the government's disavowal of his attempt to prevent serious riots. It wa* understood, however, that ho decided to resign because of the revelation that he hod stored away for days a Nazi flag to fly on his city hall and that he had agreed to participate in n festival banquet of Nazis at the city hall restaurant last Thursday night. Arrangements for this banquet showed with protentous plainness what Austrian Nazis think of the present situation. The dinner was to have celebrated the speech of Schuschnigg to the Diet. It was to have been a celebration, Recording to reliable reports of an admission by Schuschnigg of his "capitulation" to Nazi demands. Nazis listened to the speech with amazement and white hot anger. Before it was ended, even, arrangements for the dinner and celebration were summarily cnn- celled. The celebration, it was explained, would have been premature. There seemed every sign that Grnz woulti be the .scene of disorderly demonstrations over the week-end, and that there would be disorders iit other places. Schuschnlgg seemed determined on a finish fight to exert his authority. Yesterday he addressed an emergency jnccting of police heads from oil over the country. He issued personal orders Â«s regards enforcement of public safety measures. Dr. Arthur von Scyss-Inquarl, Nazi minister of interior--who is also a devout Roman Catholic and an old, close friend of Schuschnigg--presid- ed. With him was the executive police head. Dr. Michael Skubl, a strong Schuschnigg man. However, it was Schuschnigg himself who issued the orders, apparently to emphasize that as head of the government he is actually the supreme executive leader of all departments. Fruit Growers May See Demonstrations Of Pruning Next Week Meetings of interest to fruit growers of Fayettc county have been scheduled for Monday and TucsUay, Farm Agent R. E. Carter announced today. The farm agent said: "Meetings of special importance to people interested in pruning any type of fruit trees or grapes or i asp- berries have been arranged and J. L. McCorlncy, fruit specialist of Pennsylvania State College, will lw present to demonstrate the work. You should attend one of these meetings: "Monday, 1:30 P. M.--O. W. Rittenhouse farm near Smock. "Tuesday, 10 A. M.--Ralph Sherrick farm near Pennsville. "Tuesday, 1:30 P. M.--E. II. Williams farm near Central school, Jcfl- crson township." 1938 Township Budget Ready for Inspection Connellsville township's road supervisors have completed their budget for 1838 and taxpayers interested in making an examination of the estimated expenditures may call at the home of Secretary Frank V. Roy in North Jefferson street until 1 March 4, it was announced. 'Board Bill 7 Baby; Mrs. Fred McCoUiter and baby A "board bill" buoy, held five months by a neighboring family aa security for a JIG debt, ruis bcÂ«n returned to hU parent*, Mr. and Mrs, Fred McCalliter, at Car- Hale, PSL, by a court order. The judge told Mr. nnd Mra. Bruce JtUler, who had held the baby, "You cannot ustrt Â«. Hen on flesh and blood fuÂ§ you can on an Automobile." The baby, Paul, eight months, Mid Mra. McCalliter an xhowri ibo\Â«. --Central PreH Guffey Joins In Democratic Harmony Plea By United Prm. HARRISBURG. Feb. 26. --The Pennsylvania Democratic organization presented to the voters today Its State-wide primary slate of four World War veterans us State Chairman David L. Lawrence nnd U. S. Senator Joseph F. Guffey joined in the plea for "party harmony" and "challenged the opposition to match the ticket." With only minor discord aÂ» State Senator Anthony Cavnlcante, Uniontown, attempted to block endorsements on the grounds they were in violation of the elections code, the Stale Committee yesterday adopted n 1038 platform and approved this ticket: Governor George H. Earle, for U. S. Senator; Charles Alvin Jones, Pittsburgh attorney, for Governor; State Senator Leo C. Mundy, Wilkes- Barrc, for Lieutcnunt Governor, and Internal Affairs Secretary Thomas A. Logue, Philadelphia, for re-nomination. Immediately after the State committee went on record Attorney General Charles J. Margiotti, independent candidate for Democratic gubernatorial nomination, who was ignored by the party leader.s, charged "boss rule is clutching at the thro.it of the Democratic party." "During the last few weeks," he said, "the self-appointed bosses have shown their utter contempt for the will of the people. They climaxed their blundering stupidity by finally disclosing their rubber-stamp candidate for Governor." Phalanx Fraferniiy Conference Sunday At Christian Church Approximately 100 young men will attend the southwest district conference of Phalanx Fraternity being sponsored by the local Alpha and Beta Chaptcrt, here Sunday. The program follows: 2 P. M., registration, Christian Church. 3 P. M., devotions, Rev. Merrill L. Cadiveli, pastor of Firit Christian Church. 3:30 P. M , buj.iiic'ji session. 3:45 P. M, address, Rev. L. S. Elliott, pastor of First Methodist Episcopal Church. 5:30 P. M., dinner at Y. M. C. A. 6:45 P. M., address, E. Stanley Phillips, principal of Conncllsville High School. Dean of Artists Dies. PITTSBURGH, Feb. 20.--Christian J. Walter, 66, dean of Pittsburgh artists, died at midnight in Suburban General Hospital, Bellevue. He served as president of the Associated Artists of Pittsburgh for upwards of 16 years. He was taken to the hospital Thursday for an emergency appendectomy. The Weather Light rain or inow tonight, slightly warmer in cÂ«bt and touth portions; Sunday warm and cloudy, is the noon weather forecast for Western Pennsylvania. Temperature Record. 1938 1S37 Maximum .. .... 34 2G Minimum 24 IB Mean 29 21 Air-Minded Senators Rebel Against Blanket Approval of Big Navy By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Press Staff Correspondent. WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.--A rebellion oJ "air-minded" senators against blanket approval of the Administration's billion-dollar naval program developed today with new disclosures of the devastating effect of mock aerial bombardment on war chips. A usually reliable source reported that details of secret nival tests of the effectiveness of air bombers against battleships revealed one instance in which a mock attack by n single plane "destroyed" the U. S. S. Utah in n lew minutes. In the mock battle, which the Navy Department admitted had occurred but on which details were kept SAYS SNAKE EGG HE ATE SEVEN YEARS AGO NOW CAUSING HIS TROUBLE UN1ONTOWN, Feb. 26.--Declaring he ate n snake egg seven years ago and that it was beginning to trouble him, Andy Vornoyick, 67-year-old Junlata man, walked into the local motor police sub-station about 8 o'clock Friday'night and Insisted he be lodged in the county Jail. "I ate it in salt," he declared, while Troopers Charles R. Moffatt and Charles J. Hanna stared in unbelief, glanced at each other and, simultaneously, began to ask questions. "It was seven years ago," Vor- noyick explained. "The flrst time 1 felt it, though, was m 1932 while I was sleeping in the wash house at the Smock mine. The egg had hatched out by then. Cross-examination of the man led officers to believe he might be mentally deranged. They lodged him to county Jail for observation. WPA Digger Gets Out of Ditches; Opera Sensation By United PreM. NEW YORK, Feb. 26.--A young pick-swinger stepped from the svings of the Hippodrome Theatre last night and sang himself nnd his family out of squalor and poverty. He was Jerry Cardinalc, 23, former newsboy and WPA laborer and the oldest in a poverty-ridden family of nine children, whose long dream seemed to have come true as the final curtain come down on the opera, "La Traviata." Some 4,000 stamping, shouting opcrj-goers ap- plnudcd wildly. Until a few weeks ago Cardinalc was just another WPA ditch-digger. Since his father died, he has been the mam support of his mother and his eight brothers and sisters. Then Alfredo Salmaggi, maestro of the Hippodrone opera, heard of him, gave him an audition, and hailed him n "find." But Cardlnnlc knew no complete operatic role--merely a few arias, his mother had taught him. His voice was "wild" and needed much training. Salmaggi, undaunted, took him from his shabby home--a stuffy, overcrowded tenement over the pushcarts and elevated trains in Ninth avenue for private and extensive tutoring. His family did not mind having to go back on relief. So that he might have his chance, his mother and sisters worked harder. They get seven cents a gross for sewing dress buttons. Last night they all were Uiere-- mother, brothers, and sisters. "It all depends oi\ the people," he said. "Yes, they seemed to like me, hut I've got a lot of studying to do. I hope to sing here again soon." Czech President Denies He Urged Slaying il Duce PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, Feb. 26. --Allegations appearing in the newspaper Giornale D'ltalia in Rome to the effect that President Eduard Benes of Czechoslovakia had advised the assassination of Premeir Benito Mussolini were termed "pure invention" in official quarters today. An article appearing in the Gior- nale D'ltalia under a Vienna date line reported that diplomatic circles there were circulating a repoi t that Benes, in a private conversation, told a certain foreign diplomat that since 1923 he several times liad ndviscd the assassination of the Italian premier. The allegations were sharply coi- demncd here and it was stressed that Benes never made such a statement. The Czcchoslovakian legation in Rome was instructed to piotost to I the Italian government. secret, it was said that a bombing plane scored nine "hits" with water bombs on. the huge battleship, any one of which would have sunk her or put her out of commission. A coalition of senators drawn from all political factions and including usually staunch New Dealers announced that as a result of uncertainty as to the value of battleships tney would demand that full details of the naval tests be revealed when the bill, now before the House Naval Committee, reaches the Senate. Among those seeking further information were Senator Robert M. LaFollettc, P. Wis.; Senator Bennett C. Clark, D., Mo.; Senator Arthur Vandcnberg, R., Mich.; Senator Robert J. Reynolds, D., N. D., and Senator Lynn Frazier, R., N. D. ^ PERSHING NO LONGER ABLE TO TAKE FOOD By United Press. TUCSON, Ariz., Feb. 26.--The condition of General John J, Fershing, who is near death from a heart ailment, was aggravated today when his kidneys ceased functioning. Physicians attending the 77-year- old commandcr-in-chief of the American Expeditionary Forces during the V.'orld War said that he was no longer able to take food or water. The power of speech also left the general. Dr. Roland Davison feared to leave the sick room this morning to give out his regular bulletin on Pcrshing's condition. His handwritten statement, brought to newsmen by a nurse at 7 A. M., read: "The general is gradually becoming weaker and is unable to talk or to take nourishment or to drink. The kidneys have ceased to function. Although he regained consciousness for brief intervals, for the greater part of the time since my last bulletin--1:45 A. M.--he has remained unconscious," The general was placed under an oxygen tent at intervals as his breathing became labored. It was reported that preparations were being mnde for a blood transfusion. "We are all impressed by the remarkable resistance shown by the general," said Frank Porshmg, a ncphowr ~~ SO. CONNELLSVILLE MILLAGE UNCHANGED South Conncllsville Council has fixed its tax levy for 1934 at 24 mills, the same as last year. Fourteen mills are provided for general borough purposes and 10 mills for debt purposes. Judge James Will Meet Republicans At Pittsburgh Hotel Judge Arthur H. James, Republican candidate for governor, will meet his friends from 12 southwestern Pennsylvania counties at the William Penn Hotel in Pittsburgh Monday. Party leaders in Jefferson, Cambria, Fayettc, Somerset, Greene, Washington, Westmoreland, Allegheny, Indiana, Beaver, Butler and Lawrence counties have been urged to send large delegation!,, James F. Torrancc, James' campaign manager said. , Monday's gathering will mark the first appearance in Western Pennsylvania of the Republican candidate. SULLIVAN REMOVED TO ROCKVIEW? DIES I N CHAIR MONDAY By United Press. PITTSBURGH, Fob. 26.--Martin Sullivan, aged former Duquesne policeman, started today on the last lap of his revenge murder tour-this time going by automobile to Bellefonte where he is scheduled to die in the electric chair Monday in Tockview Penitentiary. Except for a weird yell which he gave as he descended the jail stepb at daybreak to get into the automobile with two deputy sheriffs, Sullivan remained the some unconceined person ho has been since a jury convicted him of shooting five persons to death His yell .ippaictitly wns not in terror but the exuberance at Ini first breath of outside air in months. Dei bos Warns Hit.' er Will Not See Territory Violated by Nazi Group. BRITAIN NOT ' ' " OUT OF HARMONY By. United-Press. Yvon Delbcs, French foreign minister, warned Germany today against interfering in the affairs of Central European countries in one of the strongest parliamentary speeches made by the foreign minister of a major power in recent years. DelSos told the chamber ol deputies that France would not tolerate German domination of other ttatcs on thÂ« pretext that they have a percentage of Germans in their population. France, be said, will not abdicate "her interests in Central Europe. He mentioned Czechoslovakia specifically and warned that France' would spring to arms if its territory is violated. His speech, and other developments in Europe, served to clarify what has been a murky situation and to indicate to an extent what the future trend will te. Britain nnd France, it was disclosed, have not drifted apart, as had been feared, but intend to work together.' At the same time it was revealed that Italy is showing a conciliatory spirit in the delicate Mediterranean problem by reducing her armed forces in Libya, which adjoins Egypt, and is a source oÂ£ deep concern to Britain. - , In Austria, Chancellor K u r t Schuschnigg took a strong stand to prevent the German Nazi movement from getting out of hand. He sent special instructions to police throughout the country to enforce a ban against demonstrations or propaganda. PARIS, Feb. 26.--Foreign Minister Yvon Delbos told the Chamber of Deputies today: "We will not permit the installation of any hegemony in Central Europe. No racial excuses can be used for mixing in the affairs of another state. France has ties with three states. And as regards Czechoslovakia I reaffirm that our engagements will be executed if necessary." The engagement to Czechoslovakia is, in cold essence, to go to her defense if she is attacked by Germany. Delbos spoke for the popular front government on the climatic day of. a foreign policy debate at whoso end Premier Camille Chnutemps was determined to force a confidence vote, r Adolf-Hitler had spoken; Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg of Austria had told his country's stand; Viscount Halifax had succeeded Anthony Eden as British foreign minister with a mandate to seek rapprochement with Italy and .Germany. Now it was France's turn and Delbos was her "spokesman and he' spoke with clarity and force. He said that France would not abdicate her. interests in Central Europe. He said'that she wanted peace but not peace at any price. He said that she wanted disarmament but that until it came,* she would keep a powerful army. Ho rcvealtd that Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain in a letter to Premier~Camille Chautemps assured France of Britain's faithfulness to French-British cooperation. Letters Granted. GREENSBURG, .Feb. 26.--Letters of administration on the estate of William A. Daniels, late of Mount Pleasant township, were granted to Elizabeth Temple. The estate is valued at $2,600. Just Off the Wire By United Press. CHICAGO, Feb. 26--Colonel Nbblo Brandon Jutlah, lawyer, war veteran and former U. S. ambassador to Cuba, died today front the effects of a shrapnel wound received on the battlefields of France 20 years ago. PITTSBURGH, Feb. 26.--Contracts between the Steel Workers* Organizing Committee and the Pittsburgh Steel Corporation and Sharon Steel Corporation will be signed this afternoon after . agreement was reached on terms, the SWOC announced today. BALTIMOKE, Met, Kcb. 26.--Two detectives were assigned to guard Aim llarding's seven-year-old child during a visit today by her father. Harry Bannister at the screen actress home in the fashionable Ambassador apartments Itcre.