Page 5 article text (OCR)
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1938. THE DAIX.Y COURIER, CONNELLSVILLE. PA. PAGE FJVK. LABOR UNIONS SABOTAGING BUILDING, DECLARES BABSON BABSON PARK, Fla., Feb. 25.-Does the new Housing Act mean that America will finally get the building boom of which she Is so desperately in need? The unnecessarily heavy costs of erecting a smalt home have been stifling building. The new act cuts initial financing charges and makes it easier to take on a home. But it does not slash through the high costs and other obstacles which are blocking a real construction boom. Despite these drawbacks, however, home building should register a good improvement this spring. Steadily rising tax rates and the desire for automobiles rather than homes are two of the hurdles in the building pathway. Gasoline for the car instead oÂ£ milk lor the baby is the great problem in many a modern family. In the pre-war era, the "wage earner, no matter how modest his job, managed to provide for a "rainy day." The interest he received on his bank deposit or the rent lie saved by buying his home on a build- and loan plan added to his income and helped him to save more. Furthermore, his savings were loaned on real/ estate or helped to finance new productive projects. Now all that is changed. The worker of today puts his savings into an automobile on an easy-payment plan. When he is through paying for the car he has purchased on "time" he finds that his "savings" have depreciated to almost nothing. He has put his nest-egg in a "wasting asset. 1 Prcfabricatlon Is Inevitable. The high material and labor costs of building, however, are the major handicaps today. Archaic production and distribution methods keep material prices at almost prohibitive levels. The answer to this problem is prefabrication. The snail-like progress in this field is not a question of manufacture. This problem has been solved. But others such as real estate, building code, zoning one financing questions must still be ironed out. Certainly, large-scale output of factory-made houses right now would bring the prices of good homes down to the "mass-market" level--between $3,500 and $5,000. Until that time comes, however, antique methods of building will prevail and will keep costs at a high level. Workers in building supply factories and in warehouses and lumberyards aro now being organized In some cities Hence, little reduction in material prices can be expected. Bulldlne Unions Unpatriotic. The worst handicap of all, how- ever, is the foolish and unpatrloti- policy of building trade unions, believe in collective bargaining. The entire nation can benefit from it While profits of stockholders in older industries that were organized years ago are less today, certainly their consumers have benefited. Why? Because managements were forced to become more efficient--to instal labor-saving machinery. This, in turn, boosted the output per man- hour. The unionization of textile, shoe coal and other lines has lifted man- hour output in these industries. In the building trades, unionization has - not increased the man-hour production. Why? Because the leaders o - the unions have sabotaged their own men and their industry by slupl and uneconomic policies. They hav put artificial limits on the amount o .work a man can do; while at th same tune they have held down number of skilled workers. Slow workers must be paid a much as fast workers. So the cm cient lose their incentive to do mor than the inefficient. Bricklayers in some cities get $13 per day, whll hundreds of Jobless are excludec from the building trades by th unions. Furthermore, in highly un ionized towns a man cannot give an unemployed neighbor a little hand! work around his home without fea of bombing or beating. The resul of these various union tactics ha not only been a wage scale out o all proportion to the type of the job but a tremendous cost-per-unit o work done. Interest Rate Could Be Lower. Now -what has the new Housin Act accomplished in overcoming hig costs? The answer Is: Not muc except to cut initial financing charge somewhat. Actually, I think a lower interest rate could have been made. Banks are choked with money. Better have it loaned on homes and insured by the government at three per cent to create more jobs, than to give it away to men lor raking leaves. Insuring loans up to 90 per cent of valuation ,docs not necessarily mean that banks will take such big mortgages. The new regulations will let home-builders go ahead with a smaller down-payment, but it will not, all _by itself, produce a big construction boom. So I feel that the new Housing Act has done only part of the job. President Roosevelt was on the right track when he called for an annual wage for building workers. 1Â£ some such scheme could be mapped out, maybe building workers would drop their , unreasonable hourly scales. Even iÂ£ an annual wage scheme is not feasible, the Administration could do much toward getting 'labor costs down by insisting on maximum hourly rates (based on an annual wage) on public works projects and on homes built under government- insured mortgages. Tick Up in Buildinsr Ahead. Yet, regardless of all this pulling and hauling, building is bound to' increase over present levels. People will do what is the cheape.t thing to do. Just as .soon :i* it is cheaper to build than to rent, people will build. Ten years of sub-normal construction have cn-ated a trcmend- Notes of Farm And Home Prepared by R. E. Carter, farm lAccnt: Miss Alary Anderson. Horn; Economics Representative. EGGS AND CHEESE HELP TO STRETCH FOOD DOLLAR For the past year housewives have icon busy trying to buy economical meats and use meat substitutes to owcr feed costs,' says Miss Mary Anderson, home economics extension Â·cprescntative of Fayettc county. At his time of year with the approach- ng Lenten season, women are eager o learn new ways to prepare sat- sfying foods for meatless days. Milk, eggs, cheese, fish and dried beans and pens are perhaps the best nutritional meat substitutes. All hcse, with the; exception of dried cgumcs, may be used successfully to repair body tissues, muscles, and also to supper growth, Salmon soup is nourishing and makes an excellent addition to fam- ly meals for meatless days. A new sheet, "Stretch the Food Dollar with Meat Substitutes" which gives suggestions for other dishes iis available rce from Miss Anderson at the Agricultural Extension Association office. REMODELED KITCHENS THRILL HOMEMAKERS never fail to get a thrill when t walk into my new pantry," says a Pennsylvania homemaker. "I pretend, I am in a postofilce sorting mail when I put my dishes away." Remodeling the kitchen has made this possible. Kitchen improvement in many Pennsylvania rurnl homes has received much attention. Sometimes a rearrangement of the working units without any expenditure 51 money has made the kitchen more convenient. Thus many steps' arc saved in meal preparation. PLAN AHEAD FOR RAINY DAT FUN FOR CHILDREN Now is the time to plan how you may keep the children 'busy and. happy on long rainy days which arc bound to come before the spring sun in here to slay. Put away some Christmas toys before the children have tired of them urges Miss Mary Anderson, home economics extension representative of Fayette county. Then some day when you have completely exhausted your ideas for suggesting what the children may do, the toys may. be brought forth and enjoyed anew. "Mother, what can we do? Is n well known question. If you have an old trunk in the attic filled with costumes, the answer might well be 'why not give a play?" Children love to "dress up" and pretend. This gives an excellent opportunity for them to develop their own talents. A work bench and tools may provide boys and even girls an outlet for "stored up" energy on such a day and may be the means of stimulating an entirely new field of Interest. Girls and boys like to cook and the kitchen may become an cnchangec garden on a dreary day. Children of all ages like to explore the relams of the kitchen and try all the shining gadgets. Younger children may have to bo assisted in their first adventures into this new world and its use. The older girls and boyj wil be delighted in trying their skills in the preparation of new dishes. Whatever the game decided upon the idea should be to install in th child the idea that happiness can be found in playing and working to gether. The home should do its share in offering an atmospher which will make for happiness in Un child. ous shortage of Rents have risen desirable rentals. 41 per cent since January, 1934. Building costs have Coal Output Drops Bui Coke Increases In 16th Dislrk Production of coal in the 16U- Bituminous District fell off 272,07 tons during 1937 .from the 1930 out put while beehive coke manufacture showed a gain of 177,969 tons durin; the same- period, according to the an nual report of State Mine Inspecto F. W. Howarth ol the area that em braces the Brownsville region. The report revealed that 3,804,87 tons of coal were mined last year as compared with-4,070,950 tons durln 1936. Beehive coke manufacture li Â·1937 amounted to 579,271 tons a compared with 401,302 the year be fore. There were 3,996 men em ployed in the coal and coke industr; as against 4,252 during the Bam period the preceding year. Production of coal in 1937 follows H. C. Friek Coke 1,477,18 Hccla Coal Coke 303,65 Pittsburgh Steel 208,88 W. J. Rainey, Inc. 1,106,20 Republic-Steel 118,32 Welrton Coal 571,04 Whyel Coke . 19,58 Total _3,804,87 Production of coke in 1937 follows W. J. Rainey, Inc. 251,91 Hccla Coal Coke 194,10 Pittsburgh Steel 133,25 Total . 579,27 20th District Coal Output Increasec SOMERSET, Feb. 25.--Productlo of coal in the 20th Bituminous Dis trict, covering Sometsct count; totalled 2.101,373 tons, a coin ( 11,741. during 1937, State Mine In sptctor F. W. Cunningham loported There wcie three fatul accident luM yeni-, a decrease of one, whil lost-time accidents ako showed r skyrocketed, too, but there has been | decline, there being 57 that require Â» drop in the l:ut several months, i more than GO days, absence fror. Hcncc, dcpite all the hindrances. 11 work and 101 requiring lest, than 6 expect 1938 building to improve ma-' days'absence, tonally over the final h.-.lt of last 1 Of the 00 mine* in the disli it-t. 5 year and to come close to equalling ' \icrc in opciation. A totnl or 3,06 the entire 1337 level. .men weic employed. Halifax, Eden's Successor, Is Seasoned Diplomat and Statesman Born In 1881 with a withered Â»nn and no left hand, Sir Edward Frederick Llndlcy Wood, Baron Irwin. Viscount Halifax, Britain 1 ! new foreign secretary, bcjan hi* cnrÂ«r In public life when he entered parliament In 1910. HU heritage gave him n neat la the house of lord*. Halifax soon /thowed marked diplomatic ability and became undersecretary for colonies In 1021. He overcame hli physical defects by becoming on excellent rider to hounds and a flint-clans Miot. He later became president of the board of education and mlnliter of agriculture. In 1925, during * crlaU In Indian affair*, Halifax became a viceroy of India. It was at thli time that Halifax narrowly escaped death when someone exploded a bomb under his train at New Delhi. The viscount leaped from thu wreck, uninjured, and cooly nlded those who were hurt. In 1936, Halifax caused a. sensation In parliament, when he told his peers that the "era of German grievance* must be cloned." Long leader of the pro-German bloc In Britain, Halifax was nent to Berlin last November to open negotiations with Fuehrer Hitler, against the defy of Sir Anthony Eden. And now.'Lord Halifax. 57,; the outstanding Catholic lay-] man .In England, takes tho Important post -of British foreign secretary. As Â»f result of Eden's resignation] over the government'* attl-l tude toward Italy and Ger-J many, Halifax will ^AVC to effect a peace with then* nations that I* acceptable to the British people. Â· BARCLAY ON BRIDGE WBITTEN FOB CENTRAL PRESS By S h e p a r d B a r c l a y Tho Authority oa Aathorltlw" A GORGEOUS PLAT ONE OF THE most gorgeous of unusual plays Is that whereby you shorten your own trumps by rutting so that you can later use the dummy's then longer trumps to obtain a discard of a blocking card In another suit. This form of rare maneuver, which ranks with any "coup" in the game and *e- qulres just as far-visloncd foresight, has never possessed a name, so far as we know, but Is surely entitled to one, * J 10 8 5 Â· None 4 , 8 6 5 4 3 2 * A Q 30 5 3 + A Q 7 5 7 Â« A K 7 3 V K 8 4 - K 8 6 4 + A J I O (Dealer: East. Neither side vulnerable.) Here East bid 1-Hcnrt, South Â·Spade, West passed, North I-Spades. East 3-Hearts and South 4-Spadcs. Charles H. Gorcn of Philadelphia was tho declarer. The hcort 10 was led and East won with tho A. He Immediately returned a heart, which Mr. Gorcn won. When the play of the upada A dropped East's Q, the bad distribution was disclosed, 10 Mr. Gorcn discontinued trumps. He led the club A and followed with the club J, which West won. Tho diamond J was returned, a club being: discarded from dummy. East won and came back with tho diamond S, which was won with tho K. The spade 3 was now led to the 10 and the heart 6, which had been carefully retained, was ruffed with South's spado K. The spado 7 was now led to the 8, and on the spade J the club 10 was discarded, the clubs S and 6 In dummy providing discards from South's two diamonds. Tomorrow's Problem Â· A 9 7 5 3 2 *Â» 4 A Q J 1 0 Â» 7 5 2 # 8 4 4 . 6 5 3 2 Â« J 10 6 3 Â· Q J 10 S 4.10874 + 8 4 3 2 V A K Q 9 *K + A K Q J T (Dealer: South. Neither side vulnerable.) How should South play for, 4-flearts? West cashed the spado 1 A, followed with a spade, which East ruffed, who then led tho heart J. Bear Run BEAR RUN, Feb. 25.--Mr. and Mrs. Dewcy Scarlett, Mrs. W. E. Scarlett, Earl Scarlett, and Mr. and Mrs. Howard Trcachcr, the latter of [Jniontown, attended the funeral of Mrs. Bertha Burnsworth Elliot at Youngstown, Ohio, Tuesday. She was the daughter of Mrs. Anna and the late James Burnsworth ol this place. Mrs. Elliot is survived by her husband and three children, and the following brothers and sister: Walter of Connellsville, Arthur and Mrs. Besse Weir of Youngstown, Ohio, Mrs. Anna Burnsworth, who went to the bedside of her daughter last week, plans to stay at the Elliot home for a lew -weeks. Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Stull, Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Ohler and Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Ohler -attended the funeral, of George Hawk at the Mill Run Baptist Church Sunday. Miss Edith Hall, who has been staying with her brother-in-law anc sister, Mr. and Mrs. Albert Stull of Youngstown, Ohio, is visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Harry Hall, for three weeks. Mr. and Mrs. George E. Krepps and daughter, Dorothy Ann, of Homestead Park visited Mr. and Mrs Roy Friend, Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. Devvcy Miller and family visited Mr. and Mrs. Ray King at Ohiopyle, Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Rowan anc family of Poplar Grove and Mrs Lucinda Ohler, who Is making her home with the Rowans this winter visited Mrs. Order's son and daughter-in-law, Mr. nnd Mrs. Jacob Ohler, Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Friend and children visited their son and daughter-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. James Friend at Somerset, Sunday. Lloyd Hay, Mr. and Mrs. Ear: Skinner and Olot Skinner attended the funeral of William Mason News of Tri-Town Community 0AWSON, Feb. 25.--Mrs. Julia Ambrose and Mrs. Lester Barricklow ot Vanderbilt were Friday callers in Jniontown. Andrew Softcheck of Vanderbilt 'a confined to her bed again after jeing up and around. Mr. Softcheck ins been ill for several weeks. Mrs. J. E. Rollings and Mrs. C. J. Gaal of North Dawson were recent callers in Uniontown. Miss Ruth Kennedy and Miss Mnry Catherine Forsythe, students of Pcnn State College spent the week-end at Ihe home of Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd forsythc of Railroad street. Mrs. Walter Bixler and baby daughter, Barbara, of Connellsville were visiting Sunday with the former's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Otto Haas. Mr. and Mrs. Mrs. S. J. I. Morningstar. Dr. and Mrs. J. R. Cottom, Mr. and Mrs. Irvln McDonald and daughter, Betty Gad, George G. Cochran and daughters, Susan and Mary Elizabeth, Mr. and Mrs. Ken H. Collins and daughter, Vivian Yvonne, were in Uniontown Saturday. Mr. and Mrs. Albert Hukel and son, David, and Reginald Harris ol Pittsburgh were guests of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Hunker of Liberty Sunday. Mrs. Mary Ann Nolan of Detroit who has been visiting with Mrs Lester Barricklow for the past three weeks Is visiting relatives in Con- nellsvill?. Mr. and Mrs. E. M. Addis ant daughters, Betty Jean, Doris and Rose Marie, Mr. and Mrs. Paul Win- tcrhaltcr and daughter, Dorothy Jean, of Vanderbilt were visiting to Mnsontown Sunday. ormer Legislator Nearly Gof $1,000 CHARLESTON, W. Va., Feb. 25.-- ifc, alas, is not to be a bowl of lousand dollar bills for J. Shirley toss, former member of the leglsla- ure. Had Ross only known, he dis- loscd, he might have put in a claim or ihe reward in the South Charleson bank robbery which it now ap- ears will go to no one. Amos Eugene Ward has been barged by state police with partici- ating in the holdup. Ross told riends: "I-saw Ward several times lately. The day he was arrested I drove him o state police headquarters where he oofc an examination lor his opcra- or"s license. There I was, sitting Ight on top of $1,000 and didn't even know it." Co-Ed Claims Fortune. BOSTON, Feb. 25.--The vast fortune left by Sir Basil Zaharoff, European munitions magnate who lived and died'behind a cloak of mystery is claimed by Olga Kuzmcchna Za haroff, 19, a pretty freshman at Boston University, who said she Is Sii Basil's grandniece and that he lei his wealth to her and her sister un der the terms of a will which ha: vanished. Ohiopyle, Wednesday. Mr. and Mrs. William Mason o Carmichaels visited Mr. and Mrs Harry Hall over the week-end. Miss Violet Mason returned Saturday to stay with Mrs. M. C. Skin ner. CUT RATE 116 South Pitbtburg Street. Phone 618 You get cut prices here on the finest cuts of meat. Everything cut but the quality. Shop here Friday for meats and cold cuts for the holiday week-end. GROUND BEEF 2 Ib. 25c BEEF STEAK 5 Ibs. 88c CHUCK ROAST Whole Cut Ib. 12c VEAL SHOULDER ROAST, Ib. 14c ROLLED ROAST Boneless Ib. 18C BOBL Ib. 1Oc 19c 16c LEGS OF LAMB VEAL CHOPS Club Wieners I5c Jumbo Bologna 15c Loose Sauer Kraut i and Dif! Pickles Bacon Squares Pickled Pig Feet 3 IB. 25 SALAMI AND PEPPERONI BACON - HAMS - DRIED BEEF - LEBANON BOLOGNE BUTTER - EGGS AND CHEESE HOGS AND CATTLE FEATURE FAYETTE STOCKYARD SALE A good run of hogs featured the weekly sale of the Fayette Stockyard Company Tuesday at Evans Manor. The demand for cattle exceeded the supply... Â· Ruling prices included: Calves--Veals, 12.50 down; heavy and thin, 5.20 to 8.775. Cattle--Fat cows, 4.00 to 6.50; bolognas, 3.20 to 4.10; good bulls, 6.50 down; fresh cows, $113; heifers-, 7, down. Â· Sheep--Clipped ewes, $2.25 -head, down; good bucks, $4,30 to $4.90; culls, $1 head, down. Hogs--Tops, 9.10; heavies, 8.50 down; boars, 4.50, 'down. Chickens--Heavy hens, 22% cents; mixed, 20 cents. Prore it to your own utitfactioo! Jnit buy Â« bottle of Old Quaker. You'll nurrel that you pay 50 little for such a luxurious whiskey. There's a barrel of quality in every bottle. This whiskey is 2 years old. 90 proof. BRAND STRAIGHT RYE WHISKEY Also anulable in Bourbon PINT 80c QUART $1.51 CoÂ«.t9JÂ».JoÂ».S.rmcliftCa,Ioc,ShÂ«iler.PÂ«. One tasce of this Scfaenley favorite and you'll know why it's known as the "friendly" whiskey-- friendly to your taste and friendly to your pockctbook.- It's made with Schenley's exclusive mtUaig process. 9O proof; SCHBNLEY'S RED LABEL BlisNDED WHISKEY 70% grain oeucrsl spirits QUART $1.70 He.1113 PINT 89c K0.4U If you arc one who is fond of life's luxuries, yet -watchful of your pennies, you'll be delighted when you discover this "Jaiible-ricb" Kentucky straight Bourbon --made in the Blucgrasi Country by old time Kcmucky distillers. It's a nal raluet 90 proof. KENTUCKY STRAIGHT BOURBON WHISKEY QUART $1.59 No.431 PINT 84c No. 482 Thew Prodncto an On Sik it Ml Stite Stoni ad Â«t Moct gÂ«n After all the rules of tastincss we go by in making this Personal Recipe of ours were gotten up way back when Grandpa Wilkcn was distilling. So you can just imagine all the odVl bits we've picked up regarding ways to maVc whiskey extra mild and tasty. Next time you're out in the cold, just think about it. Harry E. Wilken PINT 77c No. 550 Quart *1.45 Ho. 1131 rftODUCT A9E 30 MONTHS OR MORE OtO, 357. STRAIGHT WH!S:ieSi73Â» GRAIN NtU. IKAL SPIRITS, 20ft STRAIGHT WHISKEY 20 MONTHS O10 Sft STRAIGHT WHISKtT 4 TEAKS 010.