Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on September 3, 1972 · Page 90
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Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 90

Charleston, West Virginia
Issue Date:
Sunday, September 3, 1972
Page 90
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eeping Up...With QCouth Swift Tomorrow's Army What will the post-Vietnam, all- volunteer U.S. Army do under its new chief of staff, General Creighton Abrarns, when it isn't fighting? Will it stand by for riot duty? Engage in counterinsurgency in the Caribbean? Intervene wherever power politics dictates? How about building bridges instead of destroying them? Or providing disaster relief to American flood or earthquake victims? Or lending a hand on neighborhood construction projects? This is the advice of British Defense Consultant Hugh Hanning, author of "The Peaceful Uses of Military Forces." Hanning believes that "the gung-ho spirit can be applied just as much to building things as to knocking them down." What's more, he adds, the U.S. Army, badly shaken by its Vietnam experience, needs a new, more constructive image if it is to convert to an all-volunteer basis as President Nixon desires. The British, who now run an all- volunteer Army, find that most soldiers sign on in order to escape boredom or unemployment and that enlistments go up when the Army is involved in some fighting as it is in Ulster against the Irish Republican Army. IT'S A LIVING: HAWKERS SELL UNDERGROUND NEWSPAPERS. To date, the youth lure has produced cohesive institution- ground press. By popularizing life styles and a through personal Tike Hawkers counter cut- geoned in recent years. It pro- one viable, duces a national circulation --the under- ranging from 1.5 million to 3 million copies per issue. Its leading alternative publications are weeklies, new vision The street distributors of these Journalism, weeklies are called hawkers. the underground press has bur- For the most part they are young people, both male and female, without steady work. Once a week, hawkers buy 50 to 100 newspapers at selected distribution points. For publications that sell for 25 cents retail, they pay from 5 to 10 cents wholesale. Free of overhead, hawkers are independent operators who work only to "get by." As one Boston hawker explains, "I just work to buy my dinner. Besides, a lot of my customers give me other goodies if they don't have a quarter for the paper." Reliability is the prime requisite in making it as a successful hawker. A permanent location, fixed working hours, and a pleasant manner are other necessities. In time, facial recognition pays off. The most profitable locations for hawkers are near universities and busy street intersections. As long as young people question the motives, interests, and credibility of the establishment press and seek a broader interpretation of their own lives, the underground press and its hawkers will stay in business. Tom Hay den, 31, a former television actor who wears /its hair long to show young, people he's one of them, is President Nixon's youth campaign director in California. Hoyden, who ran for Congress and was defeated in 1970 when his hair was shorter, says Nixon lion asked him to find a California college or university campus where (1) Nixon can attract a large crowd, (2) receive good press and TV coverage and (3) a good reception. Ilayden, graduated from Long Nixon on Beach State College in 1963, says he favors UCLA or Stanford but is also considering the University of California at Berkeley and Occidental College in Los Angeles. Student leaders at Stanford, UCLA, and Berkeley believe that Ilayden has rocks in his head if he thinks Nixon would receive "a good reception" on any of their campuses. When asked if he didn't feel Nixon's presence on campus would stimulate anti-war demonstrations, Hayden replied that in his opinion Compos? there would be "more demonstrations" for Nixon than against him. To date, the President has made a point of staying away from Ivy League campuses and such universities as Stanford, UCLA, and Cal., where students vehemently oppose his Vietnam war policy. As regards college appearances, Nixon has played it safe, preferring to appear at more conservative institutions such as the Air Force Academy, the University of Wisconsin, University of Texas and the University of Nebraska. TOM HAYDEN 12 PARADE · SEPTEMBER 3, 1972

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