The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on March 6, 1930 · Page 13
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The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 13

Connellsville, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Thursday, March 6, 1930
Page 13
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THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 1'JiiO. THE DAILY COURIER, CONNELLSVILLE, PA. 'AGE THIRTEEN. Coke Production in 1929 Was 59,490,500 Net Tons, Increase of 12.7 Per Cent ©- £1,475,500 Tons, or 98.1 Per Cent By-Prodnotj 6,015,000, or 10.1 Per Cnnt, BoehiTo Ovens. PENNSYLVANIA LEADS IN BOTH The production of coke in 1929, according to preliminary reports received by-tbo Bureau of Mines, was 69,490,500 net tons, an increase of 12.7 per cent when compared with 1928. Th« chief ca*i8e ot th* increase in coke ·production was the greater activity of blaet furnuoes, the output of pig iron for 1029 increasing 11.8 por cent abova the Icv«l of 1928. The ·production of hy-produ-ct cok«, 53,475,600 tons, established a new record, lowing an increase of 10.7 por cent over 19U8, the previous record year. The production of "beehive coke from 4,492,808 In 1928 to 6,015,000 tons in 1929, an increase of 33.9 per cent. In 1913, tho by-product ovrns contributed only 27.5 per cwtt ot the total o u t p u t ; in 1929, they contributed 8^.9 per cent. The share of the beehive ov«ne declined In the meantime from 72.;i per cent in 1913 to 10.1 per cent In 1929. Pennsylvania was the leading State in the production of beehive coke, and tho combined output ot Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia in of the total. Pennsylvania, a« in other late years, was also the largest producer of byproduct coke. The output of HB byproduct oven« in 1929 was 14,661,900 tona. Ae a producer of by-product coke, Ohio ranks second, Indiana t ,,,, ( j s O f commercial consumers on third, Alabama fourth, and Now York j anuft ry 1, 1MO, there were 8,028,000 STOCKS AND LARGE USE OF COAL IN INDUSTRY Total, 40,300,000 Tons, Was (Jain of 2,800,000 Tons In Quarter Ended Jan. 1. 10,782,000 TONS USED EACH WEEK Commercial etocka ot bituminous coal used largely for industrial purposes amounted to 40,3000,000 ton* on January 1, 1930, according to the quarterly aurvey just, completed "by tho United States Tiur-au of Mines. In comparison with the amount on hand at the beginning- ot the previous quarter, tbie is an inert a»e ot 2,800,000 tone but is 1,500,000 tone leee than tho quantity in slorapa on the same date last year, it was ttateJ. The general summary of tho report and tho section doling with average weekly rale of bituminous oonfinmption follows: With colder wr ither the THE NEW Y O U G H 6000 SERIES Piston Mine Gathering Pump rate of consumption show s the expected seasonal increase. D u r i n g the lost two months of 1929 tlio rate of home consumption averujBie-l 10,752,000 tone a week. Export*, a\ erased 330.000 tona a week, and total onaumption plus exports wa« Il.li2,0"0 tona. When compared with lh« corresponding period o{ 1928,the rate of consumption pins exports Bhowfl an in* reaae of 148,000 tons a week, or a gain ^f 1.3 per cent. In addition to the quantity In the fifth. All of the states that produced more than a million tone of by-product coke In 1029, showed gains over output in the preceding year. Three new by-product plants tone of bituminous coal on the docks of Lake Superior and Lake Michigan, as compared wltli 9,897,000 tons on , October 1, and 8 518,000 tone on the 1c " same date a year igo. gan operations in 1929. In January,,; stocks of anthricito In retail yards the Hockford Gae Light Coke Comon J a n u a r y i w e l o slightly less t h a n pany started it new plant at Rockford, | on October 1, the date of the lost «mr- 111.; in February, the Philadelphia Coke Company began making coke at Philadelphia. In October, the Davison Coke Iron Company fired a group of 35 ovens at. Neville Island, followed by a second group of the same eizo in November The total number of ovens added by those operations wa« 1GJ In addition, 9G ovens were installed aad IIred at existing plantH. At the close of 1929, there were approximately 408 ovens under construction. With tho addition of 261 now ovemj during 1929, the poteritial coking capacity of by-product plants at the cloae ot the year, at 100 per cent operation and with all conditions favorable, amounted to more than 59,000,000 net tons. If all ot tho ovens now under construction arc put into operation at 100 per cent operation, turlng 1930. iis contemplated, the coke plants will be capable of t u r n i n g out, nearly 62,000,000 tone of coke. At this vey. and wore al-^O leas than on the earno date Inst yenr. Consumers' stocks of bituminous coal on January 1 amounted to 40,300,000 tons. This is ,vn increase of 2,800,000 tone since October 1, when tbo stocks Btood at 37 5000,000 tons. During October production was considerably in excess of consumption, and stock*) increased by 2,300,000 tons, reaching 39,800,000 toes on November 1. Thereafter production declined, and for the remainder of tlu 1 yoar was only illghtly higher tl an the rate of consumption. The ]resent stocks, although greater t h a n at the beginning of the prevknw quarter, are les« than on tho same dal-i la«t year and, in fact, are !«s,s that on any correspond- ini; date since IS?'!. With colder won tiler the rate of consumption has Inc-eased sharply. The average weekly i ate of consumption d u r i n g November and December was rate the plants In existence have a m,7S2,000 tons. Imports averaged 330,- carbonlzlng capacity of 84,500,00 tons 00 (, tonfl an1 to) u consumption plus of -bituminous coal, which will be- later i exports wan 11,112,000 tons. In corn- Increased to 87,600,000 tons t h i o u g h par teon with tho ''orrespondlng period the addition of new ovens. j t ,t n»£s, the rate of consumption plus In 1929, 47 plants connector! w i t h j exports shows an increase of 148,000 iron furnace* produced 41,549,000 tone | tons a week, a gnin of 1.3 per cent, or 77.7 per cent of the total by-product j stocks ot a n t h i a c l t e in retail yards output. The- remaining 40 n o n - f u r - . on J a n u a r y 1 are slightly less than on litce plants produced 11,92(,000 tonw,, October 1, and are tiNo less t h a n on or 22.u per emit oi the total. Accurate statistics on tho recovery tho same lato la..t year. In Urrns of days sui)'iy the uresent «tockn of re- of by-products from coke-oven o p e r - j t a l l a n t h r a c i t e a e- less than at the atlons In 19^9 are not yet available'. I corresponding senson of any yeir since The following preliminary estimates «ro obtained by assuming that tho iuanti,ty of by-products recovered ciur- 1026. As tho Block.-? needed by consumers depend on HIP amount they are burn- Totally enclosed--Every moving part of power e'Kl, including motor pinion. Automatically oiled--noi a grease or oil cup on the pump, and none needed. Simple -- Sturdy -- Dependably Boyts, Porter Co. Connellsvillc, Pa. ing 1929 bore- th sam« relation to the j l n K ) lt l b j m p oi-t;ut to note the trend known production of Coke in 1029 ts ot confiiimption, v hich fluctuates wWe- in 1928- Tar, 698,81:3,000 Kallons; ammonia, sulphuto. equivalent of all t'orni», 1,768,612,000 poumla; gas, S58,815,000 1 cubic fe«t cruda light oil 20S,5B;i,- 000 gallons. Stocks of by-prcwluct cok« on Iwind at producers' plants on January 1, 1930, amoun'etl to 2,173,1)2:? tona, according to reports received hy the Bureau of Mines. This represents ati increase of 380.974 ton«, or 21.2 per cent, ovor the 1.792,941) tons on haiul on January I, 1929. The largest pro- ly with the coml) t Ion of general n-!^ and with th-i aoamon. ( From November 1 to Decembe'r ;ti, tho average rate -if consumption of bf- tuminoud co«l In t h e United States, excluding net additions to stoc*k piles or rcflervoe in tranKit, was 10,782,000 tons a w?ek. Exports averaged 330,000 tons a week and tlie total of consumption plu« exports wat, 11,112,000 tons. The home con uraption for the last Eleven Per Cent Increase Output Electricity, 1929 Pr^limi-nary figures of the tot«U production of atectricity by publlc-utilUy power plante in the United Stafee in 1920 Indicate an output of 87,294,000,000 kllowatt-'hours, an Increaf-e of nearly 11 per cent over the output in 1928. Tho low precipitation throughout the Country during 1929 resulted in low weicr in most of the etreams used for water power, and in consequence tho produ-etion of electricity at hydmlectric plants was about 1% per cent lese than In 192S. The waterpower output during tho previous seven year* had shown increases rafflging from three per o*nt to 17 per cent and averaging 13 per cent. As a result of Uie decrease in 1920, fuel-burning powor plants were forced not only to supply the ueual yearly Increase in the demand for electricity but iiteo to make up the deficiency in output at ·wa.terpower plants. That the fuel-burning plants were able without trouble to take care of thin increased and unexpected demand for electricity spaaia well for the judgment and foresight of those re»ion- e-ible for providing adequate equipment at public-utility power plants for emergency use sag ·*«!! ae for f u t u r e growth. The anmwl Increase in output of electricity by the use of fuels for 1027 and 1828 waa about 5V4 per cent. In 1029 the increase 'was 18 per cent, or about three time* the Increase for each of the preceding two year*. The IncroaaeH In consumption of coal, oil, and gas over 1928 wore nine, 41, OIK! four per cent respectively. Although the unusual increase in tihe output of electricity by fuel- burning plants might h«.ve been expect*d to reduce their efficiency in the nse of fuel, they continued the improvement in efficiency which has txOD fihown for many years, reducing the average rate of fuel consumption from the equivalent, ot 1.76 pounds of coal per kilowatt-hour in 1928 to 1.60 pounds In 1920. This saving of 0..07 poundB or IVi ounces of coal por kilowatt-hour amounted to 2,200,000 tons of coal during 1929 and represents a total saving of about $8,000,000, The increase of efficiency thus Indicated la most forcibly fihown by noting that tha increase In output of electricity by the uee of fuels from 1928 to 1929 was -IS per cent, while tihe consumption of f u e l s increased only 13 per cent. two monthe of t h e yoer 10,782,000 portion of Uic inoreaeo Is- represented by larger stock piles at furnace plan.ts where reaenes at tho end of 1029 were 281,715 tons, or 3C.7 per cent,' above those at the beginning of the year. StockH Of coke at non-furnaco plants on January 1, 1930, -were 1,123,654 tone, an increase of 9.7 per cent over the 1,024,395 tona on hand on J a n u a r y I, 1929. The total stocks of by-product coke hold by produccre at tho beginning Of 1930 amounted to about four p j r cent of the entire production d u r i n g 1929. Allowing lor imports and exports, and for changes in producers stocks, the indicates consumption of xk^ In 1929 -win, 57.812,000 tons. Of thiw. «bout 44,226.000 tons was communed by blast furnact« In the manufacture of pig Iron und Ivrrw-iUloys. Tin. 1 n 1 - luuintlor wile used In foundries, j n tune-Ring tlif non-ferrous meials, us t h e manufacture of water Kan. in miscellaneous other industrial u»«e, and for domestic heating. In ma, the quantity consumed for these pur-post* wa« about 15.680,000 tons, or 2 3 5 por tt»Bt of the total. UM against 8,22.1,000 tons, or 1S.1 per cent in 1913. tone a week -- allows the expected s«i- sonul increoisp. ever the average for tho third duark-i- of 1929. This increase reflects t i i e coming of colder weather and the iegiun!ng of the heat- Ing season, In epite of deci eased activity In certain Hn«i of Industry which occurred in tl;e latter par) of the year, tho rate of eoa consumption was actually greater in November and December than in tho sann two months of 192S. The increase, which amounted to 1.6 per cent, was d u o to tho fact that declining eonsumpilon by some industries was more th in offset by increased I confiumption in other lines, particularly in retail deliveries Native Gold and Copper Ores Rare In Pennsylvania Output of By-Product Coke Decrease 1 in Month of December A slight increase in the ally production of by-product coke, and a slight decrease in t h a t ot pig Iron characterized output In Uu two industries during January. A more pronounced decline occurr 1 in the beehive coke industry, the average dally output falling 10.4 or cent wb^n compared with Deeo) iber. In comparison with January, 929, both by-product and beehive ook show a decided decrease. AVhlle th January 1930, output of by-prod ict coke showed a gain over Deocmb ir, it was Bttll 252,067 tons, or n.7 ! er cent, under tho monthly avorag- for the year 1929 SH a wholo. The total quantity of 1 T-produci coke produced during Jamie -y totaled 4-.203.323 tons, a daily av rage o: 125,591 tone. Thie was an i icrease o 0.5 per cent over tho Deceit ber average, but a decrease ot 3.6 per cen' compared w i t h the awrag 3 a year ago. A now by-product plant has been added to the Itet ot active irodacera that of the Wisconsin Publ c Service Company at Shcboygon, " Vfeconein with IB Kopipe-rs-Bficker · vena. In addition, the Providence C ae Company, ot Providence, Rhode J iland, bee fired Jta new battery of 25 Koppers Becker ovens. · Thorn are m w 88 coke plants in active operation, and dnr ing January they produced \bout 83.5 per cent of their capacity. Beehive coke production for January ia estimated at 809,200 tons. The combined o u t p u t of both )x efalve and by-product *ke wan 4,512,! 23 tons. According to tho Iron Age the delly rate of p'g iron prodnctio declined from 91,613 tons in Decemlx r to 01,209 toue in January, a decrease of 0.3 per cent. In compartaon "with dial of the same month ti year ago, fb } January rate ah-cws a decrease of 17.D per cent. All of the bfehlve dlflt-l«te and three of the flve hj-prodtu c district's reported a decrenae in (reduction during January us compare' with December. The tola! quantity of · oal consumed in coke ovens d u r i n g January amounted to 6,f90,000 Ions of which 6,115,700 tona was consume I in byproduct ovonn. nmi 483,800 tone in beehive ovens. Stocks ot by-product cok i on hand at producers plants on F- bruary 1, amounted to J,!M5jS'M Ions, i d-ecr«aeo of 228,079 tona compared with January 1 (stocks. The decr«is · was confined almost enUrely to tho merchants plants, whore 227,OSS tons van drawn from stock pilea. The d K'rease at furnace plants was negligil le. Loss of PitUburg Coal Co. Finally Turned Into Profit 'o!ilintn-il I n n (,r«( ing hus come t a heud t h u » f a r , however. As of December 31, 19ii9 ( tlie coin- p«iay had 143,9', 9 acres of umnlned coal, preepnt w*irkiu? veltiB only. In the rittsbura; di-i'trlet uiul n total of Ui4,9!H acrw. ncludlnK Ohio a n d Th«» fopsumption t'or houisc hoatluK Kentucky. It n iv He celiimircd that can not bfr ^!al l ! iicruraicly u n t i l ttT-'iaflt vtar'« p r t M l i c t i o n of I'ittsburp; douiled rep »rtfi of dppratir» ai-» ro-1 district crxil * i h n u « l w l about t.tidil h u t t wi* proh.ibly (is grrdt, ' wcrt*. or cr*dtor, t irfii i n IW I n t h a t v w n , w o u l d ;; :'M.:jS2 ton of bv-pr*1vioi uti«1 VS.'! ts of bee-n\p were toid lor USM-, J- total of b,'W2,VJO tons. a n d ,i' bf 'in v i trk'l, party « I nip slim- Mr »amc \\i\fi Hiorc s l i t e )fft ID t h e lte- f*- m u c h for a om- ( Kf^-p oil! of ( h ^ , Mar. B.--Native gold and massive copper sulphide are rare in Pennsylvania, so rare that when the Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey of Pennsylvania Department of Internal Affaire received a package of minerals w i t h t letter from a correspondent In a small town J i n Bradford county saying they were found on hte farm, he wa,s immediately abkKl where his farm WUH located and U the specimens were tound in Pennsylvania. A piece of q u a r t z t h e siz« of a hk-Lory nut and filled w i t h fine par- !iclt.ii of native gold irf nitere.sUrig at a n y time but gold ha.s never be«n found that Way in Pennsylvania. In a r e p l y just received tht inun sayn his farm where the minerals were lound Is in Nortliern Ontario, dawhlng all tiope that the specimens came from Pennsylvania but again justifying the conclusion that eommprc'lal q u a n t i t i e s of sold or copper art u n l i k e l y to he found in I'entirij I v a n i i i excopt as t h e y are letovci-wl ;\f-. a b y - p i o r t u c t i n m i n i n K oth-pr in jnorals" l'i'iinnyi\.Tiii,i a i - I U t i l l . v p r o f l u i p i j n v r r '·7rtii,OHO w o r t h of i o p p p r , I20,t)im u o v l h o| pnlri. ,tnri tvev It.OOft worth of s i i v o r in ini!i;, but all ae by "TOducte in the m i n i n g M. M, COCHRAA. Pre«l«cBt. STRAWN, Vie* JOB. H. BTRAWW. »«cre««ry-Tr«««««««. WASHINGTON COAL COKE CO General Office, DAWSON, FAYETTE COUNTY, PA. 6,OOO Tons Daily Capacity Individual Cars. Youghiogheny Coal Steam Gag Coking ConnelUville Coke Furnace and Foundry Loir Sulphur Hard Stractor* Shipments ria B. O. B. B. and P, A L. E. B. B. and Connections. · N. P. Hyndman, Sales Agent, 511 .Wood Street, Ptttohmr, FA. Hostetter-Connellsville Coke Co HIGHEST GRADE ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_ * i _ __ { Connelisyiile Coke ) Furnace and Foundry (Orders Solicited Branch Office: 368 Prick Annex, Pittsburgh, Pa. GRADE CROSSINGS BEING MADE FASTER THAN ELIMINATED Net Increase During 1028 Was I,fi97, Only 800 Having Been Removed. GRAND TOTAL IS 240,089 JU. C. Mechlin*. FAYETTE ENGINEERING COMPANY CM], Mining and Cmualthtg Engineers _j_j · "------- " ·-- - -r *·* m rlRRKt wi***··«w ····« a o*BVtractlOB »* complete coml and coklB* *!···, ·vrarlu, etty pavtna; end nrwerage, -tc. E iMdvjand mining pnp«rtje«, Valuatlou. SPECIALTIES: COAJL JJfD COKE PLAIfTR. . BL.TT1B FIUHT DBPARTli!BMT. 001-3 Vint Hntlonnl Oank Bide. Ben UJtlOHTOWW, PA. gets of a million tons of other c The eurvey bureau, Se Internal Affairs Ja lies F. stated, is always willing t mineral speclmone free, i make assuya on analyaos. cusee a glance/ or a simple that is nocesnary lo recoRi oral, even though it may be strange- to the finder ami bore. Following th^ hunting, F Geological Survey u s u a l l y increased n u m b e r of spot identification, because mtt lover.s are in the mounUii tinieh and pick up i u n o i rookti The survc-y burenu liave tjie( i n i e n ^ uent lie thereby now kiiewlwlKe of buliou of n n n e r i i l may be i' j Aio'l Science Wond I 8t;leiioe hns mndc comfci for old age. Not so many there vns Hitlo rer-rention ment for onu grown n]i. N( ! lock of the ciid clm-k if d I the dinner music f r o m ft I o re best n i ; f t i e «n g gun music ' c n l l i P i t m l . or l i i p chimes n ' on Ciirk ( i v c M i i i - I'.in si!( dorif yt-t Tim i h l i i i * UIP.V *iin Is on i i s wn.v line. I so our c l.usMliwi .id-vort semefflL res. retary of Woodward identify u t i cannot In m a n y test ia all iza a mln- cuHou 1 ^ or lite neigh- the an for ly nature is at euch t looking is £lad to e because Lh! dliitri- (1 uircd. ·f possible years ug^o or amuse- w tlift tick- ·owned by ilph-prlced of u grent n f i i r i l l f u i n e I s noi ,-!ill t f ' l n v i Despite efforts constantly being made to reauoe grade crossings, there was a net Increase of 1,697 such CTOM- lugfj in 192S, aocording to figuree just made public by the Interetate Ootn- merce Commission. This increaee comee on the heel» of a net gain ot 952 in 1927 and 1,467 in 1926. A gain le also anticipated for 1929, although it will be several months before complete nguree will be tabulated. Th« railroads spend million* of dollars every year tor general safety work and for the .removal of grade crossinge. It IB estimated that the elimination of ell grade crowingB in the country -would cost more than $18,000,000,000. Thfa would obviously be prohibitive, and the reilroade there-tore have been urging the necessity ot stricter snpervieion by regulatory bodies regarding permission for the opening of new crossings. The Safety Department of the American Aot/omobilo Association has recently issued a similar appeal to road-building agencies, urging them to give added consideration to the igrad-e-croesing evil and its threat to life and property, in locating new highways, as well as changing existing routes. There is an average of one ttnpro- tected grade crossing to every 14 miles of highway of all types in the United States and, despite the advance in other fields of safety, .the number, as indicated above, Js being increased at the rate of more than 1,000 a year, this organization emphasizes. "One of the most hopeful signs in the intensive drive to eliminate grade crossings from the Federal-Aid system, comprising the major interstate highways. There were a total of 390 eliminated on thi» «yntem in 1928, 147 by use of an underpass in separating grades, and 283 by relocation of highways crossing railroads. ' "Newrthelesa, the problem of highways crossing railroads is one of serious proportions. "EnpphaslB te given to the seriousness ot the situation by the action of the Interstate Oommarce Commission, the Federal agency designated to govern railroad operations, In rescinding ItH order requiring tho Installation of automatic train stops on carriers, in order that they could devote this money to eliminating grade crossings. "At the beginning of 1929 there were a total of 240,089 grade cross- Ings on Class I steam- railroads, comprising the major carriers, while only 29,21^ ot this number were protected. The Remainder, or 210,874, are officially classed as unprotected, and present a -serious thre-af to tb/e safety of the nation's motor transport. "Carriers are evidencing great Interest in the need of removing dangerous crossings.*, especially In congested areas, and are spending millions of/dollars annually on this program. The expense involved has been one of the handicaps, but, with the continued increase in the use of the highways, even t h i s is not expected to overcome the safety argument in public demand lor removal of lli« more dangerous crossings." Noticeable Trend* In Production and Consumption Coke Homer L. Burchinad C1V1I, and MINING ENGINEER 625 and 887 Fayotte Title Trust Bldg., Uniontoijrn, Pa. m»i mntr+ftlan of OmU ami C«k» Plant*. x on owl pm»»ert1-«. VatmattoM, Smf ttttmtemtemeu* w«M Vlnrlnla. Conttmumm bl.e prime maehUu. wed la electric prlntltt* de- 58 YEARS OF SERVICE --By-Eureka Fire Brick Works. Coke OTen, Glass Home, and Mill Operators Know the Meaning of tt EUREKA" 1507 Ftnt national Bank Bnlldlng, Ptet«bargti t P»» Ml, Braddock, Pa^ Phone 49 Dumbar. Kerchncr, Marshall Company Sales Agents DUNBAR MOTOR SAND Pig Iron Coke Coal 1645 Oliver Bldg, Pittsburgh, Pa. Phone: Atl. 8280. Dnnbat, Pa. Phone US. C ' n n l l n u c d from p f f e c d l n g pase. m p n t and cost of produt'tlon, it should p u j to conserve If, and the f o n r » of msmy yoai HRO (hill m u c h by.-producf i - . h i n c n o u l d s l u t th n i H r k c i s l o r by-produc-iH luv-e not been bornp ouh Thcro is «nll «, govi rrofi* in byproduct if The Sum of Twenty-Five Cents (25c) Will Be; Paid for Each Copy of The WEEKLY Courier That Is Listed Below: F January 5, 1928 ,, ;. 3 copies January 12, 1928 3 copies May 81, 1928^ .'. :{ cop | cs June 1, IS)'2S - i t . 0 j, y July 6, 102S i . op y The Daily Courier Connellsville, Pa. i PATRONIZE THOSE WHO ADVERTISE IN THE DAILY COURIER

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