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FAGE FOUH. THE DAILY COURIER, CONN E3LLSVILLE, PA. THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 1030, latlg Cttmtrfrr ( 1'HB COTTRIBm. CO., Pnhllaktr*. HENRY P. BtffDBR, President and Editor. 1879-1OT6, MTIS. K. M. SNTTDER, frcaldent, 1918-1022. JAMEJ3 J DKTSOOLL, President and General Manager. MISS R. A. OONEOAN. S e c r e t a r y and Treasurer. JOHN L OANS. Managing Editor. WAI/FETR S. STIMMEli, City Editor. MISS LYNtTE B. KINCSSIX. Society Editor. MEMBBK OF American Newspaper publlÂ»IiÂ«rÂ» Association, Andlt Bui-eau of Circulation. Pennsylvania Newspaper PubllahÂ«rÂ» Association. Two cents per copjn BOo pÂ«r month; $5.00 per year by mall If paid In Â·*Â· vance. 12o per week bjr carrier. E n t e r e d as seÂ«3Q4 class matter at til* postoftlce, ConneUsTtlle. THURSDAY EVE'G, MAK. Â«, lÂ»3ft, O l l l RICH MELD FOB WATTJIUI STDDY. The address ot Prof. John F. Lewi 3 at the Ki wants Olub was a revelation to many who heard it ot th lasclnat- iag interest in a study ot uature lu tho immediate vicinity of Connellsville That this section is so rich in plant, bird, ins-ect anl treÂ« life and other objects Â»o attract the attention ot nature loverÂ» was not, until Prof( ssur Low.s revealed some of the rklu-s, he and his students havÂ» foancl, k n o w n to the average citizen. Among ConnoUsvlUians there are many who havo a fondness tor the great oui doors, as the attendance at Ilie meeting ot tho Connellsville Ixcal, Taett6 County I^sh Game Protective Association showed on Tuesday e-voninÂ«. This is not always reflected bv the eagerness with which flsh and same we sought in their natural haunts, but among the nature enthusiasts are many who find their chief joy is just being out in the open. Contact with Nature in some ot its numerous forms by which it entices the lovei ot the Held and woods to the mourtain region hardby the town, brings a pleasure procurable in no ot!"r way. R a j m o n d T. Sullivan of Cojinells- villo typifies this group in a rather remarkable manner. Although neither a h u n t e r nor fisherman he is a genuine lovei oT the great outdoors, and because of his belief that the sportsman's o:gat.izatLon is equipped and capable of the task of protecting wild life, he sol out energetically to enroll a* many members as -he could. The r e s u l t of his efforts was the addition c-i -i.il names, or nearly 53 per cent ot the entire number secured during tho iccem membership campaign. I t is UlUeus with the enthusiasm M i . Siulivau displayed who are interest til in tho work Professor Lewis in doing, lov the stiuleutd and others who find gcauiiiy enjoyment in taeir cou- tauta w i t h natu. e. Yielding to this, bunt U i t i e w i l l bo found abundant opportunities almost at our door to acqu.ie ii form of knowledge that will be most satining and ield good diUdiMici'i in raore Mgoroua health and a b l i g h t M outlook on life generally. \ JUMOR B I S K B 4 I / L LEAUUE. Tho decision of the Milton L Bishop Post, The Artiorii-an 1-egion, to sponsor a junior baseball league during tho coming season, will give initial form nnl substance to Mayor U. U Minenl's siisgesdou relative to Co'i- nelli-vlllo taking a place of more importance in a sports program. The at tion of the i.ei;lon will very probably Itad io slP!s beins taken to make t U o mayor's plan operative. The .iiuiouncetpent of the formation of a j u n i o r league will' bo very cor- diall) received by the youth of tho cit who liave persisted in baseball a c t i v i t i e s , thi o ugh the organization of scrub toons playing wherever suitable ground could be found. Despite the handicaps under which they havÂ« plajtcl, without organization or coaching, they have kept alive the spirit bj which every normal boy is thrilled-- the desire to have active membei'f bip in a real baseball team. Ordinarily a Junior league will excite even more tnteret than an adult league. The faas of mature years Snd much pleasure In watching tho youthful players. They put their whole sjul into a game, victory for thoirv te.un beiniz the goal of every game in which Â»hey engage. The fact that the league contemplates the organization of four clubs, the winner of the local schedule being entitled to take part in the county eliminations, will add to tho zest with which tUÂ«) youngsters will strive for playiug positions on the teams. The success of Uniontown's junior league lust y-eur, which w e n t through to the state tit.e and the dlbtrict championship, indicates the possibilities In an organization of this character. With a virile body of young men, Jlke tho Legionnaires, behind tlii league tliere is every promise of success. This will be certain if the citi- zons who clamor for a sport program,' make their professions good and. join in boosting the game by giving U consistent and loyal support. duetry it was obliged to ylold to Virginia in 1!) !S. The gain in Pennsylvania during 1920 wa.i about 12,500,000 tons or nine per cent. The, year wlia not regarded in the coal trade as jiormal, tho mines, operating at muchi less than full time or at a capacity i ate. In fact, part time schedules and partial production was more nearly l'ie general average lor the year. The fact th.it nrder tho handicaps of tho year tii" Stnfe was able to resume its pl,ic( as leader in the in- (taetry shows the possibilities in a j o a r when th demand for coal is sufficiently attivo and sustained, to permit fuller operation of mines. It also shows th it coal production still is a staple industry in the State and that it IB destined to retain Ite leadership d-eepite the competition of southern fields and the inequality in rates on Lake Cargo coal which still favor West Virginia, Kentucky antl Tennessee fields. YOUR INCOMK TAX. Tax on Olfts of Property. If property was acquired by g'lft after Docembc r 31, 1020, the basis of determining t^xaWe gain or deductible loss ia the same as it would be IB the hands of the donor, or last preceding owner by wh'jun it was not recehed by gift. For example, a man in 1025 bought atock in a corporation at $100 a s-haro, Vept it until January, 1Â£27, when it was worth $120, and then gave it to his son, who, in 1928, gave it to his wife, the stock then being worth $1M a share. If in 1929 the wife .wid the stock ax. 200 a share, the taxable gain is not ^50 u share but $100 a share, the gain over the cost to the preceding owu-er, who did not acquire the property by gift. If the wife sold the. stock at $^0 a share, the deductible loss would bt ?20 a share In computing the gain or loss from the sale or other disposition of property, acquire'! by gift or transfer in trust on or bÂ»for* December 31, l'ft20, or by bequÂ«si, devise, or inh-erltiince, the basws is !he iair market value of such proper^ at the time of acquisition. For example, a taxpayer received in 1919 a gift of real etatÂ« having a fair market value of $10,000 which he soli! in 1929 for $15,000. Tho original cost to the donor was $12,000. The taxable sain, however, ia $5,000. If sold for $s,000 the deductible loss would be I2.WO Th-e desiro of the War Department to have the lew bridge of tho PittB- burg West Virginia Railroad across the Yough at Jacobs Creek elevated to permit naRation of tho stream, is a very fair ndex of the nature and import ot the report that ie to he submitted oil Iho canalization ef thp stream. HIS MASTER'S VOICE--WHICH? Diversity of Laws as Cause of Increase in Divorce By W Hutchcraft. T)lr*ctor, Bureau of Vital Slat] itlos, of Wisconsin. The urgan'zaUon of a j u n i o r baseball league 1 a reflection of t h e general trend tr givn more aHten 1 ion to the boys In % irious heldÂ«, nota'bly the 4-H clubb i monsj farm bovi,, Boy Scouts and ether activities. Unemployment Figures Continue Political Football Nobody Knows Whether Secretary D.irls' Figures Are High or Low. PKNSSl'LVA'XIA RKGAIXS COAL LEAUKRSHU'. i Coinc'dent with the information, Â· i u i m s h n i by St-trt'iaiy ot Miiu.ti \V. II. (iKtbg' w , tlmt Kaette county lends llii j t)ituiulnouÂ« regions of the Slate in the production ut coal, from tiro harut houict* totals information that in 1929 the Stute of Pennsylvania, re- gaiued ier former position as first in soft coil production in the United SUÂ»Â£Â«e With 31,319.173 tons mined in 19'J9 Xay*tto couuty Â«urpaseed by almost n,i00,0')0 tons the next largest producer, Westmoreland county, whkh na! 19.J51.219 tone to Its credit. In tho counties producing bltumln- ouÂ« (.041 the aggregate of 142,351,3.50 tons w TO mined, which restored to 1'eaiis.y vanla the Isadora hip in the In- Ky DAVID IM.WHENCK ( C o p r i g h loao by Tho Courier.) WASHING PON, March 6. -- Unemployment flgtiroh continue to 60 the football of p"litic;H. Legislation to gÂ«t tho facts is I clayed by tho dtecusoion of yartitjan advantago and disadvantage. Secretary Davis' admission as hÂ«ad of the Department of Labor that D,000,(M)0 aro Jobless te important only aa a morwel of political debate. Nobody knows whether three million IB high or low Thwe was a tlra^ during thÂ© Harilng Administration when. thÂ« unemployment figures were supposed to h a i e gone as high aa 5,000,000. This van what prompted the character!zai Ion ot "profitless prosperity" in Inter years, for tho unemployment cm ve has been up even during aome of the Coolldga years, Tho phenomenon of a high unem* ploynvent fleure at a time of booming prosperity hae n-ever been explained. President Coolidgo appointed a Â«xÂ»m- mkslon to investigate it and Herbert Hoover, as Secretary of Commerce, was ite chairman. The report, was made In May of last year. It threw light on tsh % changes In economic conditions and pointed to the importance of economic balance and what wae termed "technological" unemployment, or the. turning out of ekiUed and unakHU-d labor duo to Introduction of labor-saving devices and the mechanization of Industry. In othÂ«r words, tho stock market decline, which olther foreshadowed or reflected i business dopr^ion, hae been part of a series of circum- stancee thai have brought about unemployment The grosn flguree ehow relatively HUle change by percentages but It is evident now that the greatest unemployment ib in some of the t u i i i i g centers. Also the ef- of lUK-mployment now are being in tl a diiulnlshod purchasing [jo\\o! of tr.ule areaa, Curiously fiioligii, tliis pnaae of bUMntus ri oovery ia iefeaix.kÂ»i as something Utat 1^111 only follow readjustment of bufcio imlustricts and vÂ«ry little ixttention w "being given, rein- tlvely speaking, to the fundamental problems of how to aid those, who are unemptoyed in geKing jobs. T'lis \e one ot tho primary purpofa-es of the blllÂ« IntroxliiceJ by Senator Wagner of New Yor v Hut the New York senator is a Ue nocrat and every tirae ho Â«Urte to R t support for his bills by debate, t h Â» .Vdminibtration grows sensitive n out tho political aspect* of it. In politics unemployment is never How can thfl dlrorco orll hÂ« curotxl? Technical grounda on which 4li- vor^es are grant*d are often different from the real reasons. Sex incompatibility, unwillingness to have children or even accept the thitiee of sex, inadequate wares, bad cooking, ambition for dress and Â«oclal pleasure* which money will buy, distractions of social IKe especially uinong the rich, pauperism, crime ami insanity are all Important factors to consider in a constructive study of the divorce evil. Many of these elements do not appear in the record. A bociolly .minded judge could do much to determine the real reasons for tbo marked iiKu-ease in divorce. The great disparity Ixstweert c'ausea in various Statee and the present caÂ«a pf travel makce minimum uniform regulations necessary. Realizing the seriousness of tli-p, divorce problem, a movement bafi be?n etarted to amend the Feleral ConstUution so tliat Congress will he authorized to make laws on marriage and divorce, Including the care and custody of children affected by divorce or annulment of marriage. If tho various states will not adopt and enforce uniform divorce laws, action by Congreeu te neceeaary. The divorce laws in come states are ridiculously Inadequate. They serve to encourage divorce rather than to dtecourage it. We need more charity, more regard for the rights of others, more Interest in home life and, beyond anything eleÂ«, jufit a little more real religion. For more than hjilf a century the growth Of divorce In the United Statoe has ben far greater than the increase In population or the increase in the number of married persons. Tho number of divorces per 1,000 of the population -Is now more than three times as large as it waa 40 yeare ago. The marked variation among the states In the distribution of divorces by cause Is due, In part, at lÂ«aat to the number of legal causes lor divorce recognized by the varioue states and the requirements relative to residence and remarriage. The great difference* in the practices of the various state courts granting divorce nlso exerts a great influence on the number of divorcee, and accounts largely for the great variation in the rates for etatÂ«Â« with the earns u imber ot legal causce, in some states proof of adultery Is the onlr cauÂ«i of which a divorce can be granted The occupation of th husband attd wife haÂ« an important rearing on the duration of the marrtaj e. Actors and professional showmen obtain more divorces in proportion to their numbers than any ether el, se. Musician* ami teachers o' music rank next Ia the relative frequene- of divorce. Commercial trawlem r ink third. The proportion of J irmers among men obtaining divorce* iÂ« email. This we believe i.s beranseU farmer's wifo usually applie* for tin divorce. The divorco rate is Â»'omp. ratively hii?h among pun-one where "common laborer" Is given as the occupation of the husband. In recant ye,irn the proportion ot divorcee grunted to th husband has been decreasing. Tho' ibJUty of married women to earn a ivelihoocl independent of their liusba ids may be an important factor in in- uclng them to apply for a divorce i hen there are statutory grouncte Husbands, moro oft n than wives, aro responsible for div rce action. But there arc, for the- wli j, more legal grounds for divorce han there aro for tho husband. Nonmrpport or iioglet t to provide--a common legal rjjuÂ«o or divorce on the part of tho wife- Is not a legal cause for dlvojce on he part of tho husband, except in the State of Utah. Even in Utah few divor :es aro granted to the husband for t h ' Â« cause. Although tho laws u maily make no distinction between th Â· partis, there are certain common ; rounde for divorce, euch an cruel y, which are usually more- eii*ily ap ilica'ble against 1he husband than ag linst the wife. )n cases where eaÂ«h party desires divorce, tho wife more often than the husband makee the aj plication, since a cauiso for which sh can obtain a (llv5re-e will possibly r 'fleet more favorably on the parties than would a cause for which the h wband can obtain a divorce. Wide variations In divorce rate* among the different states reeults from a Â£reat varietj ot influences. Among these are difff roaoes in color and race compoeitkm of the population; differences In tho number of foreign born, and 3n the countries from which they come; the relative strength of prevailing religions; interstate migration for the purpose of obtaining divorcee; variations in the divorce laws and in the practices of courts in granting divorcee. Tho proportion of divorces granted to the wife rather than to the husband is greater where there are children than it te where there are no children Thia difference may result from the fact that, where dependent children are involved, th* court considers the mother more fitted to take care o them. For here, therefore, divorco usually means a severance of married relationship only. For the father it usually eijpniflee the severance of parental rolatlonehip also. A fatudy of divorces classified by cause according to the number of children in the family reveals an important eocial problem. When divorce In addition to breaking up the home also seriously affects a large number of children, magnitude of the divorce problem is greatly increased. When Hitch-Hiker* Are Dangerous conceded to be anything but a passing .affair and there is alwaye a good deal of questioning of what are the exact figures. Some of tha state governments have an excellent means of checking up on unemployment data biit tho Federal Government alone IB in a position to make eurveys and if the survey is unfavorable to the party in power, there ie a tendency to jumble the figures and camouflage their importance. What Senator Wagner ie trying to do ie to gÂ«t the machinery started for fact finding 10 that polltias cannot enter into thf publication oÂ£ the (r.utli nbout unemployment nl any time It might be the iiony of fato Io] have such figures* plague a Democratic udtnihietration, too, some day but for the moment the fact is that Republicans hesitate to talk about unemployment for tear of impressing the voters in the forthcoming congressional elections that maybe the Republican party hasn't any more influence with the gods of economic welfare than the Democrats. There have been intimations that President Hoover would get behind some legislation for tho making of unemployment eurveys when once the tariff bill is out of the way, and It would not be surprising if bills oC Republican origin were offered to bring about that legislatir* result. Abe Me rtin One of tha first eigns ot spring is the appearance of hitch-hikers trudging eturdlly along ti-o open road. For the most part they are heedless young people, tree of evil intent. Occasionally, however, one hears reports- of siateter crimes committed by tho proVurbial wolf in the hitch- I hiker'*) garb. Fear of euch corise- quencoe has made many drivers wary of the most guileless pedestrian. But oven though the driver speeds cautiously ahead, he 'cannot always avoid certain members of the hitchhiking tribe. There is one speciee with which riders and walkers alike must contend--and thÂ«t ie the hltch- Mktog germ, against whom medical authorities aro iesuing warnings. He ie the most persistent ot hitch-hikers. He never signals lor a ride, nover waits lor permieÂ«.iou. At any time, at any place, he 'ie ready to hop aboard whatever object is at hand and make his way to the inner precincts of the humau system. Now eome germs are as harmless as the Boy Scout who courteously signals the motorist lor a, ride. Others are helpful to man and beast. But there aro many families of microbe* lurking about, ever ready to upeet the orderly machinery of the human system. Sometimes they enter our bodies by way of food; at other times they ride into the gateway of the mouth on the spray of'an uncovered cough or sneeze. Not infrequently we speed their journey by carrying them to our mouths with unclean hande. How can we prevent the hitchhiking germ from touring through the private pathways of our bodies? What barriers can we erect through which he cannot pass? Clean food, clean air, clean bodies, and clean lie bite, all help to obstruct the passage of the hitch-hiking germ. Failure to Â«rect the barriers of simple, everyday cleanliness of disease from the feick to the well The- rulÂ«B of the road justify no mercy for this kind of hjtcu-hikw. Mrs, T l p t o n Bncl s i Iho east leads ii floub middle n a m e in Who's name at p a r t l r s "Jest because ti f o i l no aleri h* won't listei Hootlegterer Ike I^ark the tMiw r u l l n ' t h a t 01 crsi 'II bu u b e i l i n p n f ' ) ' u n c l e in ,Â» l i f e , uslii' his Who ar' bis llrat r don't d r i n k la to reason." says eommontin' on v total abstain- In the Volstead OBJECTIVE OF WORLD POWER CONFERENCE WASHINGTON, March 6--Harne|!King of tho world s power resources for man's best use is the objective of the World Power Conference, for which scientists, engineer*, educators and industrialtete from all parte of jthe world will gainer in Berlin, Germany, next summer. Opening June 16 and closing on the 26tb of that month, tb* conference sessions will bo given over to stii-ly and cliscuseionfi centering upon the distribution and utilization of power. Several hundred Americans, identified with the fields of science and engineering, industry, agriculture and education, are expected to attend tho conference, either iÂ« individuals or as (.be representative* of professional societies or imlustri.il and buslueta organizations. Arrangements for their participation aro in the hands of an American committee headed by 0. C. Merrill, formerly executive secretary of the Federal Pov er Commission. Chairman Merrill, in a statement ouUined the purpiwee underlying the Berlin meeting which, known as the Second Plenary World Power Conference, will develop earlier lines of thought and study laid down at the ftret Conference in London sir years ago and in eubaequent f sectional meetings. "The Worto Power Conference," eaid Mr Merrill, "ia much more than a congress of power experts, It brings together not tnly engineers but eoo- nomiste, induiitrlnl leaders, agricultural experts end ipecialtota in education from 49 nations. TtaÂ«y will mÂ«et to excbauge worhl vlewa on the use and development of power and to etudy how the power resources of the world may be turned more completely to the benefit of mankind. "Capture by man of the maximum power at the least cost for the widest uee; efficient generation of power by eteam and water .ind minimum waste in tTanamission and utilization there are difficult problems that demand ceaseless study. Wide power distribution means scattering of Industry, decentralization of population, and the end oi the slum. Hero the sociologist touches with the engineer and the sdentteta. Too, the public must come to have an appreciations of the Importance of pow-or engineering and financing and to have a Eiense of what the future holds--how powor ingly will mould the lives of all mm "The Firet World Power Conference in Ixmtion, and subsequent eectioral conferences, have laid a basie for a bioad and scientific study. The lfÂ»SO Conference in Berlin will push the eti'dy on toward its practical applications, concentrating upon distribution and utilization of power. It will examine the eocial Implication* of power y and will study Its generation and i B^ ' as a unifying force in the relationship of nations." President Paul von Hlndentoorg, head if the German Republic, officially la eponworlng th- Berlin Om- ferenw, said Mr. Merrill. The President will bo present at a reception to tho world delegates ft( tho Reichstag; building on' Sunday, June 15. The conference sessions will Tie held in ""* the State Opera House in the German capital city. Following the close of the World Power Conference, Chairman Merrill further announced, that epeclal tours through' Industrial Germany will be conducted under direction of the German sponsoring group.' The tours will cover important industrial centers, ehipyarda and great steam-electric and hyrdo-electrJc power stations. The tours, arranged for further etudy by those attending the conference tensions, will include Berlin and on- virons, the Rhlneland and Westphalia, South Central Germany and Baden, Bavaria, Saxony and Silesia, Portie- rania and East Prussia. Profitable Rabbit War. WASHINGTON, March 6 -- War against the jack rabbit last year in the W*et netted more than 8,000,000 skins and a profit to farmers find ctockmed from the *ale of pelts of about J2.000.000. Control operations against injurious rabbits are conducted by the Bureau of* Biological Survey of the Agriculture Department. Jack rabbit* are particularly Jes- ' tractive to alfalfa, range grasses and fruit trees. They ateo destroy cotton plants in the southwest and in the northwest ruin large, quantities of stacked hay during the winter. Looking for BarpUai 1 Read th* advÂ»rU*emÂ«atÂ« la ThÂ« Daily Courier. ' Pishing Onsns Taken. I..ANSING, March C -- For every hour you (ten on Michigan lakes and streams, you get one flah; for every flve legal sized catcher you make you throw back three and if you are the average nimrod of the state you spend a little less than half as much time on trout aa on/ all other species, according to figures just released by the state conservation board, Classified Advertisements Brtog results. Try tlwm. SAPE-CONSEHVATIVE STRONG" en Who Know Connellsville compose th* directorate oi The Second National Bank. They are identified with the industrial and commercial ia- terests by which this city and section prosper. And always they shape tlie service of this the oldest bank in ConuellsVllle, to fit Connellisville's diversified and growing banking needs. $3,300,000.00 OLDEST BANK IN COMMELLSVILLE SECONJD ^ NATIONAL BANK wy your evenings at home with ATWATER RADIO There's nothing like an open fire and an Atwater Kent these long evenings. There's nothing like an Atwater Kent any evening ,.. Say the word and we'll p;ove it fer you with this wonderfully beautiful and home-like cabinet model. Home demonstration, if you like. We guaiantee satisfaction and nuke the pun hase easier with our liberal payment plan. Screen-Grid LIU TUMU UNION SUPPLY CO. Sixty Store* in Sflne Counties of Peonsylraala.