Page 7 article text (OCR)
MONDAY, JUNE 24, 1918. THE DAILY COURIER, CONNELLSVILLE, PA. f AGE SEVEN. THE CONGESTION OF FACTORIES IN EAST BTOBEPREVENTED By War Industries Board and Fuel and Railroad Administrations. OPENING OF NEW MINES Trill Be Permitted Only bj Joint Ac- Aeqnieseenee of Ballroid ami Fnel A4Â»ialstrÂ»tiÂ»ns; Alteon* Present limit oi Futonr "So Bui 1 ! Lud." The Washington correspondent oi tie Cleveland Daily Iron Trade states ' that the construction of new factories . or additions to present plants in north? eastern United' States is practically forbidden under the joint policy oÂ£ the fuel, railroad and war industries administrations. Only when the three departments are agreed* as to the necessity of proposed new industrial construction will they give their ap- 'proval to any new buikMng project. Â· That necessity must be base! upon actual Trar importance, primarily to prevent useless freight transportation, unnecessary- waste oi fuel and non-essential employment of steel, machinery, tools, labor and other equipment. That particular portion of northeastern United States which is known as the restricted area is that part lying east ot a line drawn south from Montreal, Que., to about Saratoga, N. Y., southwest from there but north of Schenectady to Binghamton, continuing through Williamsport, Pa.,- to Altoona; back eastward to the Shippens- burs-Rutherford yards near Harrisburg, southward through Baltimore and Chesapeake bay to the Maryland- Virginia state line, thence east along that line. The Fuel Administration has declared that "new plants or extension of old plants, if established in the restricted district will obtain the coal at the expense of existing plants in this' area." The administration asks that it be consulted, saying "before locating new plants, or. extensions of. old plants, anywhere in the United States, either in or outside of this area, please confer with the general director of distribution of the fuel administration with regard to the possibility of obtaining adequate fuel supply." * In addition to J. D. A, Morrow, general director of distribution, passing upon merits of new plants, the "War Industries Board and the Fuel Administration also are to be consulted. It for example, the "War Department desires construction of an addition to a , monition plant in the restricted area, It will Wee up with the war industries, fuel and railroad bureaus the (disability of allowing the addition ,, to bÂ« built. It it is sbown the' plant r*Â»lly must be built to the sacrifice of .' tome other industrial unit in the dis- ' triet, of coarse the construction would to authorized. M, on the other hand, the transportation, fuel and building Â·uUerial and labor problems are too Â·cute, ciÂ«nÂ«i are the construction ; -would be authorized in some other lo- Â· ealftT; or, as the war industries boardfs : new .policy provides, some Â·'present 'plant might be converted to handle war production. J. Leonard Replogle. director oi steel for the war board,.in a letter to lhÂ« old capital Issues committee of the federal reserve board, urged sharp curtailment of new. construction primarily to conserve pig iron going into structural and other building steel. This request was accepted so tar as was advisable and the policy has been adopted by tbe new committee of the war finance corporation. Financial assistance tor new plants or additions as well as other buildings will be withheld unless the construction has. th6 approval of the various bureaus and departments interested, C. J. Lesher of the United Geological Survey and statistician of the Fuel Administration, has prepared a map showing the coal fields tributary to the congested district by -all -rail routes, designating high and low volatile and anthracite regions, .and the railroads and their limiting Rateways serving tbe district. The railroa_d and fuel administrations also "have agreed that opening of new coal mines will be permitted only on their joint acquiescence. MINING CHAMPIONSHIP Is Claimed by Employe oC Fredcrick- tonn Coil Coke Company. The Fredericktown Coal Coke company, in the Piftli pool, Monongahela river, claims the coal mining championship of the Connelisville region belongs to John Slitto. a pick miner, who dug and loaded 300 tons, 1,000 pounds of coal in twelve and three-quarter working days, receiving 1240.32 for bis labor. Joseph Crhnn earned $178.08 by loading 278 tons. At the same plant 45 miners averaged ?137:42 each in earnings during the first half of May. MAINE SHOEMAKER Map of German Prison Camps Where Captured Americans Are Held Of these twenty-seven German pris-Jand to oaeb is sending through its on camps in which Americans now are Â· prisoners* relief warehouses at Berne, held, Tuchel, near Danzig, is to be | twenty pounds of food a week and is the chief prison camp for our c a p - j supplying cOotbing, comforts, tobacco tured boys in uniform, according to \ and in fact, everything the men need, advices reaching the American Red ' in supplying captured soldiers and Cross. In each of tbe camps shown Â· sailors the Red Cross acts as the by a black square on the map and in | transmitting agency for the Army or one small canip which cannot be lo- i the Navy which furnishes the sup- cated, there are either captured sol- ! plies. In addition to the prisoners '(Hers or else American seamen taken i actually on its records the Red Cross from submarined merchantman. The | believes that there arc some two hun- Iled Cross had direct reports from j tired additional American prisoners two hundred and thirty-one men in ; 'n. Germany who have not yet reached these camps at the beginning of June i tbe prison camps where they are to be located permanently. Tbe Red Cross, however, is already prepared to maintain 22,000 prisoners if necessary for six months. Awaiting Ameri lean prisoners sent to Tuchel is a stock of Rod Cross packages of food j and clothing in charge of three of our j captured boys'who are appointed the I Red Cross Relief Committee for that | prison c.imp. Similar reserve stocks Â· will be placed in other prisons as it. j becomes evident that they are to bo I used as centers for imprisoned AJner- ] icahs, who thus will be fed and clothed ; immediately. OLD GOTHIC BARNS Great Structures in England j Similar to Village Churches. SCOTTISH PIPERS WITH LOVAT CONCERT COMPANY, CHAUTAUQUA Unapproachable in Dignity; Beautiful i Cathedrals; No Ostentation rf the Builder's Art. The great old stone barns of Eng-! land, dating, many of them, from the j fonrteenth century, are, comparatively j speaking, little knotvn to the central j public, says the Christian Science 1 Monitor. The . heautif nl architecture Â· to be foond !n tbe English village: churches has received its full meed of j appreciation, and so, though possibly. In a slightly less degree, have the. fine old manor houses which dot t h e Â· countryside and provide a most inter-| estinff study In tbe local variations! which occur in the generally prevail-' ins style at any given period. The barns, however, have been rather neglected, and literature on the subject Is practically nonexistent. j Yet the barn Is intimately bound up j with the history of the neighborhood; In which It stands, and where, for pos-j slbly nearly 500 years, It has been fnl-: filling practically the same eminently' Important functions, with little change, [ for the beneflt of the folk in Its neighborhood. The methods of the farmer may vary, bnt the general routine ot the countryside goes on, much t h e . same, century after centnry. nnd tJie great barns still stand ready to honse the people's food as they have done,: snmmer and winter, for so many linn- f dred years. j These old Gothic barns are very: dignified and very bsiiufiful buildings,' comparable In some ways to the vil-. Inge churches whose contemporaries', they are, end if they are less ornate, | they are, in their simplicity, hardly; less Imposing. Indeed, some people! woold give tbe balance In favor ot' toe barns in this matter. i It is by no means always an easy matter to tell the precise dote of! these barns at first sight but some- j times there la a little carving, a b l t j of tracery or a fininl which wtli supply | the clew, or possibly again, the form j of a buttress mny afford an Indicn- i tlon; but fortunately there are generally local records to which access may be had containing details of the origin and foundation of the barns. Among the fajnous fourteenth cen- I tuty barns of England are those at! Glastonbnry, Wells and Pilton in Som-, ersetshire. Great Coiwell In Berkshire j Â»nd Abbotsbury In Dorsetshire. These are all what may be described as barns of tbe first magnitude; great erncl-! form buildings which may weH vie In 1 size and dignity with many churches. [ Of the barn at Great Coxweil, Wll-; Ham Morris said that it was "unnp- j pronchable in its dignity, as beautiful as a cathedral, yet with no ostentation of the builder's art." and he always declared that it was one of the finest buildings in England or anywhere eise. i ; V ; : K - ' '**;Â· ' ^ T ^ : ' * ; : - - ^ * ; Those hnppy pipers are to be heard on tnc closing day of the 191B Chuu- tauqua. They are members of the Lovut Concert Company. Angus Friuser, shown on the left. Is pipe major of the Harry Lander Band of New York City, and champion Highland dancer of America. In the annual contest in Scotland In 1911 he won two out of three firsts la duoclng. He is a native cl Canada n:id was born of Scotch parents. On a number of occasions he has attempted to enter the army service with the Highlanders, but has been rejected. The program of the Lovats wll! consist of piping, fancy dunclDg, drumminj: and Scottish sinBtng. The name "Lovnt" Is that of Lord Lovat, chief of the Krnser clan. The name has been adopted because members of the company vrpur ttie tartun and crest of the Frnser clan. once. In 1800 and In 1810 the rhtio wns fixed at one representative tor 33,000 population. In 1820 the ratio was Increased to 35,000. and -it has been increased every tenth year since till it is now 211,877. while the membership of the house has increased from 05 to 435. PUT CURB ON MISSISSIPPI weighted with stone, sink to the'bot- tom. The carpets when properly laid Â«re pinned In place by piles driven down through them deep into the bed of the river. That stops the erosion of the river bed and keeps the channel in place. Tired All Ttaas DM Sot fl'Â»nt to Work, llcw He Detrained Strength. Sanford, Maine,--"I suffered so much from a run-doini, nervous condition and stomach trouble that I never felt like working and had tried almost everything without relief. The first bottle of Vinol however helped me and it tuu built zne up so I Icel better BOW than I hare for a long) time."--Chester D. Hataes. [ There is no secret about Vinol. It I owes its success to beef and cod liver i peptones, iron and manganese pepton- j ales, and glycerophospbates, the old-f : eei ad most famous bodv building j and strength creating tonics. i Laughrey Druir Co., ConnellsvIUe; j , D. C. Boson. Dust-ar, and druggists everywhere.--Adr." Two Senators for Each State. Congress consists of two senators from each state, the smallest state as j well as the largest, and a number of i representatives, according to popnla-; tlon. Thfc basis of representation, or i number of Inhabitants for a represen-! tatlre. Is Hied by congress under racii recurring census so as to secure ade-; qnate representation for every state Â· without making the honse too large! and unwieldy. The Constitution of the United States, adopted In 17SO,, said the number of representatives; should not Â«xÂ«ed one lor every 80,000: at population, and as no census j) tt d : yet been talrcn, 30,000 was adopted as' tte ratio.of representation and the. population of the different states was! estimated. By this process the first' house of representatives consisted ot i 6(5 members. Since then congress has' passed IS apportionment acts, nnder 13 j different censuses, changing the basis i of representation every time except' Engineers Hope to Control River's EC- ' centricltles by the Placing of Â» Carpet in Its Bed. The Mississippi river, most capricious and pampered of all streams, on which Uncle Sam has spent millions of dollars in jetties and levees to keep her in proper place, is now having a carpet made for her at an expense oÂ£ many hundreds of thousands of dollars. Rather she is having a number of carpets made; not of cotton or linen or wool, but of trees and branches. Some of the carpets are a miie in length and 200 feet in width. Thev will be used to carpet the bed of the river near Memphis, Tenn., in order to prevent tbe stream from changing its course and leaving the city high and dry. The Mississippi has art unfortunate and expensive habit of cutting new channels and deserting towns upon Its banks that have grown up. into thriving centers on account of their position on the stream. There ore scores of towns that have beon left, sometimes several miles back from the new river heel. Of course this results In the ruin of the deserted town. In the case of Memphis, the consequences of the rtver cutting a new channel several miles west of its present bed and leaving a city of more than 100,000 population stranded would be so serious that the government has come to the rescue of the threatened town. Immense carpets of willow branches, firmly fastened together, have been laid over the bed of the stream. These great carpets, heavily Not am' Auxiliary. Upon onr entrance into tile war * great women's organization--the one -which has heen working for the vote lor the women of the United States for more than half a century--organized and equipped a hospital unit oC women, doctors as well as nurses, and offered It to the United States, says- Pittsburgh Dlspntch. / There Is something in government custom or In army red tape. If not actually in law, which made It impossible for the greatest democracy on earth to accept the services ot this unit becanse it was composed ot women. So Uncle Snm was forced to decline tile offer. He did It politely, probably with regret that the organization was not a ladles' auxiliary which could be attached to something regular anil masculine and tlms made available. The Nations) Woman Suffrage association thereupon offered its hospital unit to France, which nccepted It with -alacrity and gratitude and assigned it to service. And yet, the other day. according to the newspapers, a woman doctor WHS made a major in the American army, and so there's ground for hope. Still Working at Ninety-Five. Maine has come to the front with a ! young fellow of ninety-five, who has gone to wort aft a sawyer for a /umber company. Last spring he retired and went to live with a son, but a rest so' Improved Ms bealtti that he has gone hack to work at active labor, 1 ' says Capper's Weekly. This husky veteran has one son, known as the baby of the family, that he is very partial to. Tbe "bnby" recently celebrated his seventy-second birthday. f ELP U N C L E SAM WIN THE WAR! Cut ~1 order from this paper and start your THRIFT *~ Â·*Â· STAMP COLLECTION. SAVE FUEL by using Sterno Kitchenette and Sterno Canned Heat. After this week no orders will be redeemed. The regular price will be maintained of $1.50 for the 1 Burner Kitchenette and $2 for 2 Burner Kitchenette. Go To Your Dealer Today and Learn AH About This BIG FREE OFFER. See The Sterno 2 Burner Kitchenette and Other Sterno Fuel Saving Devices. Sterno Canned Heat is a paste like cold cream, that lights at the scratch of a match. Burns with steady, intense heat as hot as coal, fjas or electricity. Safe, won't spill; smokeless, soodcss, odorless. Retails at lOc a can. S1.20 a dozen. . Save Fuel by Using STERNO CANNED HEAT COOPERATE wirh tbe National Fuel Anuiistratiorj. Do your "bit" by using Vj Stfrvo Caitntd Heat which is regarded as a very important help in tnc necessary conservation of coal, which is so essential in wirming- the war, Dn All Year Cwtivf atiii llcutial orM STEREO Canned HmU raid STERXO Dtvitet. It'i a Patriotic Thnt Tc D! ' of Kilckfotlte Ifeigllt Cotnpltte i Ibs. of Kitchenette doted Folds F1*t 03 a fancait S T E R N O K I T C H E N E T T E . The Great Fuel Saver Burns Sterno Canned Heat Send One To Your Soldier Boy--He Needs It and Will Appreciate It S TERNO KITCHENETTE is not a novejty but a complete mi Â· -Â·Â· that prepare* an entire meal quickly--indoors or outdoors. Very convenient for Auto- ists, Campers, Tourists, etc. USED IN THOUSANDS OF HOMES with complete success. INDISPENSABLEforsick ro- --nursery; Justwhai". you need for hot water in your COUNTRY HOMiL. ruso not drinks', hot dishes. Means big fuel and labor economy from the day you get it. With Sterno Kitchenette you can: Fry or broil steak, chicken, fish, chops, ham and eggs. Fry or boil potatoes. Malce pancakes. Heat soup, beans, etc. Cook cereal and egKa. Malce tea or coffee. Heat shaving water,, etc. Ask your dealer to show you our complete line of Stoves, Boilers, Sad Irons, Baby Milk Warmers, and other handsome and useful devices for indoor and outdoor cooking and heating. SPECIAL OFFER: Scad 6c (to cover cottoi ir-a'ilmf:) for a sample of tbe new Stmui Disiaftetanl md AnHuftic. Address S. STERNAU CO., lac. 417 Fifth Aveouc, Ncn York. THRIFT STAMP ORDER! TEAR OFF THE BIG RED LABEL Front Your KitckentUe Package Anil Saul With This Orikr !Â·' Jane. '31Mb. lirlS. *pHtS order enthiei bearer to outs 2So A D. S. Thrift Slxmp wtlh dÂ« purobajw ol Che l-Knmer Kitchenette Â«nd two 2Sc U. S. Thrift Scamps -with the rmrebwe of the 2. Earner Uohenetn. RED L A B E L boat top d ^ Kitchenette picktcc axoit r tilw order. Cactonter'* _ _^___ Name City ----- OEiLKfS ENDORSEMENT: For^hMCd from me; I- Burner Kitchenette 2-Baraer Kitchenette De.lcr'n Sit_ _ Addrc.i Fill ni above and write c-loiolT. nil nJtr **d ICED LABEL mat 1* ml Una h ttt turduutr'to S, Sterne* Â· Cvta- tm. It*.. 11' Kflk Actn*. iV. Y.. f~ A WINTER CONVENIENCE A SUMMER NECESSITY Manufactured by S. STERNAU CO., Inc. New York . FOR SALE BY Boy Hotel, 121 fl". Crawford Ave, 'Â·Â·- A. .1. Cl.irtip, xy, y. rittsbnrf: St. Coaflellsville BTOR Co., 130 IV. Crawford ATO. C. T. Hooper, Piitshure; aad Apple Sis. The Laughruy Urng Co., 112 S. Pitisburg St. Â· YOU NEED. JOB PRINTING? We do all kinds of Job Printing at our otfice from the visiting card to the finest commercial work. Try our printing. THE COURIER COMPANY, 127^ W. Main St., ConneJlsville, Pa. Advertise in cur Want column, one cent a word.