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LAST E D1TION The Best Advertising Medium in the Yough Region. PRICE 2 VOL. 36, NO. 03. The Weekly Courier. Founded July 17, 1870. The Dally Courier. Founded November 10. 1902. McrRcd. July 18. 1923 CONNELLSVILL-E, PA., TUESDAY, EVENING, FEBRUARY 22, 10RS. EIGHT PAGES. REBELS TAKE TERUEL AFTER LONG BATTLE Franco Now Expected to Renew Drive Toward Mediterranean. LOYALISTS ESCAPE "RING OF STEEL" By HARBISON LA ROCHE United Pros:! Staff Correspondent. HENDAYE, FRANCO-SPANISH FRONTIER, Feb. 22.--Government forces gave M/ay today to the unrelenting pressure of besieging insurgent troops and abandoned the Aragon city of Tcruel, it was officially announced in Barcelona. The loyalists evacuated the city, possession of -which has been hotly dispute' 1 , for months, by way of Villastar to the southeast before the insurgents under the personal direction of Generalissimo Francisco Franco, were able to close a "ring of steel." The commander at Teruel mustered all his forces within the city as the besieging troops tightened their lines and broke through the insurgent ring to join the main loyalist forces outside the city. Although nationalists sources reported that anarchists remained within the city continuing the resistance the government announced that no loyalists nor munitions remained in the city. The battle, from which the government command apparently decided to withdraw rather than sacrifice troops within the city as did the insurgents when Tcruel fell to the loyalist-: last December 21. was the most fierce encounter of the entire civil war. With the recapture of Tcruel Franco is expected to renew his drivi eastward toward the Mediterranean Sea in an attempt to cut oft Valencia from Barcelona, the loyalist capital. The nationalists announced thi complete encirclement of the city thi morning with the capture of the las government mountain of defense, E Trincheron, south of Teruel am dominating the Turia valley through which some 10,000 loyalists fled fo their lives in the face of the in surgent trap. The loyalists were accused o setting fire to the city during thi night The civil government palaces and part of the northeast quarter o the city were reported in flames. It was reported that the fires wen started simultaneously and were be licvcd to have been a signal for hasty evacuation. The nationalist radio station Irun announced that two galacian divisions had entirely occupied the city. The nationalists reported that 1,000 loyalists were killed in the attempt to escape and 1,500 others were taken prisoner. Several battalions surrendered inside the city, it was added. An insurgent communique said it was believed that the leader of the defending troops, known as "El Campesino" (the peasant) and for whom his division was named, was killed when a trench mortar struck an automobile- in which the division staff was fleeing. Bucharest Denies Attempt on Life Of King Carol By United Press. VIENNA, Feb. 22.--The official ress office at Bucharest denied by clephone to the United Press today umors circulated on the stock cx- hange and in parliament at Budapest that King Carol had been vounded in an attempt to assassinate him. An official of the press office said: "The king at this moment is en- ;agsd in peacefully eating luncheon n his Bucharest palace." LIFE PORTRAITS OF WASHINGTON GufTey, Lewis Remain Silent On State Slate By ROSS DOWNING United Press Staff Correspondent. HARR1SBURG, Feb. 22.--Democratic maneuvering continued today as party leaders endeavored to smooth out factional differences end bring about harmonious endorsement of a primary slate by the State Committee. State Chairman David L. Lawrence, who will convene the committee in Harrisburg Friday, is prepared to present this slate, approved by party conferees last week: Charles Alvin Jones, Pittsburgh, for Governor; Governor George H. Earlc, for U. S. Senator: State Senator Leo C. Mundy, Wilkcs-Barrc, for Lieutenant Governor, and Internal Affairs Secretary Thomas A. J-ogue for re-nomination. Meanwhile, U. S. Senator Joseph F. Guffey and John L. Lewis, chairman of the Committee for Industrial Organization, principal opponents of Jones for governorship, failed to issue .promised statements to clarify their stand. Senator Guffey is expected lo.cfn- fcr further with Lawrence and Matthew H. McCloskcy, Jr., Philadelphia leader, before Friday's session. GufTey, angered at Lawrence rnd McCloskey who checked his efforts to become the party's gubernatorial candidate, "walked out" on last week's conference at the executive mansion. But before he went he was understood to have promised support to the ticket selected nt the conference. Lawrence and McCloskey will request him to live up to his promise. U.S. ATTITUDE BRITISH ALLIANCE SEEN BEHIND EUROPEAN CRISIS These portraits help to keep alive the memory of George Washington in the mind of the nation. They arc among the Vicst known of the paintings of the first president. The center portrait is by Kcmbrandt Pcale and in considered one of the best likenesses of .Washington. To the left he appears as the general of the Army of the Revolution at Trenton, N. J., and to the right as a Virginia colonel of militia. WASHINGTON'S ADVICE ON FOREIGN ALLIANCES RECOUNTED IN CONGRESS Qr- Assembly Orders Record Seizure In Election Case By United Press. TRENTON, N. J., Feb. 22.--New Jersey Assemby investigating committee was empowered today to use th- state police to seize forcibly the election records of Hudson county, stronghold of Mayor Frank Hague of Jersey City. Simultaneously, the committee issued warrants for the arrest of three members of the election board of the Ninth District, Third ward, of Jersey City, who ignored subpoenas calling for their appearance before the committee last week. The assembly, voting 33 to 10, approved a measure giving legislative committees power lo order the state police to obtain any records that cannot be obtained through customary channels. The committee, investigating last November's gubernatorial contest between A. Harry Moore, Democrat and State Senator Lester H. Clec, defeated Republican, has been trying for weeks to obtain the. records from vaults in the offices of Hudson County Commissioner of Registration Charles F, Stocbling, Republican. Just Off the Wire By United FMIJ. WASHINGTON. Feb. 22.--Ferdinand Pccora, New York Supremt Court Justice and former counsel for the Senate Banking Committee, today was unanimously elected president of the Xnllonal Law.ver.v' Guild ARCADIO, Cal.. Fell. 22.--The Held In tile $50,000 added Santa Anita Derby najÂ» cut (o 15 today when Solarium, an outsider owned by the Circle M Ranch, was scratched from the racr. Business Tax Revision Bill Up Next Week By JOHN n. BEAL United Press Staff Correspondent. WASHINGTON, Feb. 22.--The administration's business tax revision program was virtually ready today for House consideration early next week. The House Ways and Means Committee has tentatively approved the 334-page bill. A Republican attempt to strike out the proposed new tax on closely held corporations failed, 15 to 10, in yesterday's final session of "reading" the bill, the committee then adopted modifications in the tax which Democratic members previously had agreed on, made other minor changes in the measure, and adjourned subject to the call of Chairman Robert L. Doughlon, Democrat, N. C. Representative Fred M. Vinson, Democrat, Ky., head of the tax subcommittee which made the report on which the new tax bill is based, said ''several matters" remained to be discussed, but refused to disclose what they were. He hoped to have the bill ready next week. The main features of the bill affect corporation taxes and the levy on Continued on Page Five. By United Priss. WASHINGTON, Feb. 22.--The Capital led the Nation's celebration of the 206th anniversary of the birth of George Washington today with a j keynote taken from the first President's last address--no foreign alliances. With the world increasingly anxious over European und Asiatic conditions, special importance was attached to the usual custom in both Houses of Congress of reading Washington's immortal farewell address. It was in this address that Washington warned the country to "steer clear of permanent alliance with any portion of the foreign world" and lo guard against "the insidious wiles of foreign influence." The address was read by young legislators--Representative Francis H. Case, Republican, South Dakota, in the House of Representatives, and Senator Allen J. EUcndcr, Democrat, Continued on Pago Five. Recommends Workers Be Reinstated, Paid I Ky United Press. PITTSBURGH, Feb. 22.--Trial examiner George Pokat of the National Labor Relations Board today recommended that the Pennsylvania Furnace and Iron Company of Warren, Pa., reinstate 21 employes with back pay and cease and desist interfering with their employes' self organization. Examiner Pokat's intermediate report to the NLRB was the result of a hearing on charges that the company engaged in unfair labor practices during May and June, 1936. Nation's 1937 Relief Bill Over Two Billion By United Prosi. WASHINGTON, Feb. 22.,- The Nation's relief bill for 1937 was $2,333,314,000, exclusive of administrative costs, the Social Security Board reported. This figure included outlays for Federal, state and local rid to needy. It compared with $2,618,027,000 in 1336, the board said. Skeleton Npl That Of Jeff Wallers, Detective Asserts Jeff Walters, who allegedly shot and killed Anna Zinn, 15-year-old school girl ol Nicholson township, several years ago and disappeared, is still alive and undoubtedly hiding in Fayctto county's mountains. This was the belief expressed today by Alfred Thorpe, who dated the Zinn girl the night she was slain in his automobile, after he had looked at the skeleton, found along the banks of the Youghiosheny River, at the James T. Burhans funeral parlors at Dunbar. Thorpe, who told officers he had escaped witli his life when the girl companion Wiis shot by fleeing in tae darkness, said he was certain the bones were not those of Walters, missing several years. County Detective John C. Wall likewise bcoutcd the reports the seleton was that of Walters. The officer was hoping it might be possible to obtain a print of a thumb in an effort to identify the man. Judging from the covering of sand on the skeleton it had been there for a n,umber of months. Doesn't Want Pardon, Dr. Townsend Declares Roger Shartzer Killed When Gun Slips, Goes Of CONFLUENCE, Feb. 22.--Roge Shartzcr, 23 years old, was killc accidentally when a shotgun wa discharged into his abdomen Mon day morning while he and a brother in-law, Oren Lint, 16, were fox hunt ng on the farm of Howard Wass near Addison. The two were standing side by sid on a huge boulder overlooking th countryside as their dogs were track ng foxes. Shartzer was leaning o :he loaded weapon which he hel jctwi.-cn his two hands. Someho' the shotgun slipped from its positio ind the hammer struck a rock, caus ,ng it to be discharged, the full bias Â·striking Shartzcr in the abdomen. Lint, who was barely missed b the charge, caried Shartzcr nearly mile and a half to the farmhous but dealh was believed to have bee almost instantaneous. Shartzer, the son of Mr. and Mr M. N. Shartzcr who reside bctwcc Farmington and Ohiopyle in Somer set county, had been married abo' a year. He is survived by his pa cnts, his wife, Leona, and sever brothers and sisters. The funeral service will be he Thursday afternoon at 2 o'clock Sampson Chapel near Addison fo lowed by interment in Sampso Cemetery. By United Press CHICAGO, Feb. 22. -- Stopping here on his way to Washington to serve 30 days in jail for contempt Dr. Francis E. Townsend, 71, old age pension advocate, told friends: "I'm going to serve my sentence even if President Roosevelt does grant me a pardon." There has been no indication of any intention of the President to pardon Townsend. ROBBERS CRACK EMPTY SAFE By United Press. EAST PITTSBURGH, Feb. 22.-- nfccrackers wccc disappointed last ght when they cracked the empty nfc in the Rivoli Theatre. The rob- crs left their burglary tools beside he safe when they found it empty. Anglo Foreign Policy Further Isolates U. S. By HOBART C. MONTEE United Press Staff Correspondent. WASHINGTON, Feb. 22.--The ritish cabinet crisis, the resignation f Anthony Eden as foreign minister, nd the future foreign policy tenta- vely outlined by Prime Minister feville Chamberlain were expected ) isolate the United States farther nan ever from European affairs, fllcials indicated today. Reluctant to comment while the risis in Britain is in "a fluid state," fllcials indicated, however, that if he Chamberlain hint of diplomatic ecognltion of Italy's conquest of Ethiopia and a loan or credits to taly for exploitation of Ethiopian esources arc granted, a serious blow vill have been struck at the princi- ile of sanctity of treaties. This irinciple long has been one of the orncrslones of American foreign xlicy. There appeared to be two schools f thought on the meaning and prob- ible results ot Chamberlain's announced intention of striking an immediate bargain with Italy, and closer future relations among Great Britain, Italy and Germany. One nfluential group of officials indicated hat recognition of Italy's conquest of Ethiopia and the extension of credit to Italy would constitute 'letting the United States down" in the general !tand which this Government has taken in behalf ot strict observance of international law and treaty obligations. It was said that tins would constitute the second time the British government has "let down" the Continued on Page Five. Borah Convinced England's Alignment W i t h Italy Taken After Government Became Convinced American People .Would Not Permit Working Agreement. VERSAILLES TREATY BLAMED FOR TROUBLE The European Situation By JOE ALEX MOREIS United Press Staff Correspondent. Copyright, 1938, by United Press. WASHINGTON, Feb. 22.--William E. Borah, Republican, Idaho, the Senate's leading authority on foreign relations, expressed the belief today that the European diplomatic crisis had resulted from, the abandonment by Great Britain of all hope for an alliance with the United States. Borah, who is the ranking Republican member of the Senate's powerful Foreign Relations Committee, said he was convinced that the purpose pf Britain's move to seek an agreement with Italy was to weaken Germany and, at least, delay her efforts to regain colonies lost in the World War. "I believe that the British government has come to the conclusion that an arrangement with the United States is impossible because the American people won't allow it," Borah said in discussing the events of the week-end in European capitals. "As a result she has undertaken to make friends where she can and if she succeeds in making an, agreement with Italy it will drive a wedge between Italy and Germany." Speaking of the British cabinet's determination to make a deal with Italy, Borah said that: 1. Redistribution of Europe's colonial resources was tie chief hope of ending the present unsettled situation which, he argued, dates back to the impoverishment of small powers by the Versailles Treaty. He said he was "convinced" Germany would regain her colonies. 2. War in Europis is unlikely in the near future because Hitler expects lo accomplish his 1 objective-including the return oÂ£ lost colonies-without fighting, and probably will. 3. If Hitler had declared in his Reichstag speech that there would be no more racial or religious per- Continued on Pace Three. By United Press. Developments today in the British- Italian-German situation: London--Britain reported to be considering big export credits to Italy as commons meets for debate on labor party censure motion against Chamberlain. Paris--Cabinet meets to save France's diplomatic structure from collapse; big military appropriations expected. Vienna--Police close university as Nazi and anti-Nazi students clash on first day of government ban against demonstrations. Hankow--China to protest to Germany against Hitler's remarks on Japan and promise to recognize Manchukuo. Romp--British ambassador ordered home for instructions as Italians look to Chamberlain for start on friendship negotiations. Teacher Dismissal Appeal lo Be Heard In Superior Courf Appeal in the case involving dismissal of Mrs. Gertrude Sauers Swmk of Broad Ford as a member of the Upper Tyrone township teach- ins corps will be heard by the State Superior Court in Pittsburgh, April 18. The appeal is from a judgment of the Fayette county court of common pleas upholding the school directorate in dismissing the teacher. While two judges upheld the board of education. President Judge Harry A. Cottom handed down a minority dissenting opinion. MUST FORGET LEAGUE OR FACE WAR. COMMONS TOLD Ey United Frai. LONDON, Fob. 22.--Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain warned the House of Commons solemnly today that Britain is in danger of being forced into war unless she acts independently of the enfeebled League of Nations to bargain with the other nations oÂ£ Europe. Chamberlain, having disposed of Captain Anthony Eden, league champion, as foreign secretary, openly decried the weakness ot the league. Girl Scout Leaders Form Organizafio A leaders' organization, composec of Girl Scout captains and lieutenants was formed Monday evening at the Christian Church. Mrs. William M. Fox, president of the Girl Scout Council, presided over the meeting and discussed the program to be carried out by the new organization. Officers were named as follows: Pres-ident, Mrs. Can-oil Fi.sher; vice- president, Mrs. Kenneth Miller and secretary and treasurer, Miss Harriet Humphrey. The secretary was instructed to contact Girl Scout officials at Dunbar. The next meeting will be held Monday, March 21, nt 1 o'clock at the Christian Church. Westmoreland Levy Reduced; Head Tax Nol to Be Assessed By United Press. GREENSBURG, Feb. 22.--Westmoreland county commissioner today reduced the county tax rate by Vk. mills, cutting 1838 revenue to 15.8 per cent less than the amount received from taxation last year. Commissioners Harry White, Frank K. Cochran and James A. Kcll fixed the new rate. They also announced that the county's SI per capita tax, ordinarily paid by all tiixablcs regardless of whether they own property, will not be levied this year. SCHUSCHNIGG STOPS NAZI CELEBRATION By ROBERT H. BEST United Press Staff Correspondent. VIENNA, Feb. 22.--Police, .acting firmly under new instructions from Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg, closed the university building today as the result of noisy, though minor, clashes between Nazi and anti-Nazi students. At midnight Schuschnigg had imposed a four-weeks' ban on political demonstrations after giving Nazis three days in which lo celebrate the new agreement with Germany. Schuschnigg men were the first Continued on Page Five. Hospital Patients. Grace Richter, eight year old daughter of Mr. and Mis. EÂ«rl Hicliter of Noimalville. and Mrs Rose Keily of West Fajette street have been admitted to Connclhville State Hospital for treatment. Will Honor Priest. PITTSBURGH, Feb. 22. -- Rev. Father Lawrence A. O'Connell, pastor of Epiphany Church, will be the guest of honor at a public dinner in William Penn Hotel February 28 when his -!0th anniversary cs .1 miest will be celebrated by Pittsburgh's leaders. The Weather Cloudy followed by occasional rams tonight anct Wednesday is the neon weathtr forecast for Western Pennsylvania. Temperature Kecord. 1938 1837 M.iMimim 48 (-3 Minimum ,, 32 2!) Mran 3!) 16 British Minister Dies in Steeplechase By United Press. DERBY, England, Feb. 22.--Hugh Lloyd Thomas, British minister to Paris, died today after a fall in a steeplechase. Thomas was 49. He entered the diplomatic service in 1912. Budapest Police Raid Nazi Quarters By United Press BUDAPEST, Hungary, Feb. 22.-Police, charging a Nazi plot to overthrow the government by force and seize power, raided the headquarters of the ultra-Nazi party today and arrested 75 persons. Those arrested included Major Franz Szalasi, formerly of the army general staff, who is the party's leader, and Count Ludwig Szcjenyi, his chief aide. A police communique said documents seized at the headquarters indicated that Szalasi's "National Socialist party" has planned a putsch. POLISH MINISTER WILL VISIT ROME ROME, Feb. 22.--Foreign Minister Josef Beck of Polandi will make an official visit to Rome early in March at the invitation of the Italian government, it was announced today. HELD FOR SWINDLE IN CEMETERY LOT SELLING SCHEME By United Press CLEVELAND, Feb. 22.--Detective today took into custody Henry Engelman, 32, of suburban Clevelani Heights, wanted in Stroudsburg, Pa. on ,1 swindling charge in connection with an alleged cemetery Jot-cllin e scheme. They said they were holdin; City Sportsmen to Meet. A special meeting of the Connells' ville chapter ol the Fayette County j Engelman for Pennsylvania authori j Fish Game Protective Association j ties as a fugitive from justice. DC will be held at 7-30 o'clock Fiid?y tcctivcs .-.aid he dented paiticipation cvcnmR at the Bnltimoic Ohio Y. in the scheme and refused to v.,mc M. C. A. ' i c m o x a l to Pennsylvania. Argument Resumed In 44-Hour Case By United Frees. HARRISBURG, Feb. 22.--Unemployment in Pennsylvania "would not be reduced" through operation oÂ£ he State's 44-hour work week law, but it would be a "stcp-toward alleviating Hie problem," Dr."J, Raymond Walsh, Washington economist, said today in Dauphin county court. Walsh's admission came while seing cross-examined by Sterling G. McNess, Harrisburg, counsel for Hoi;ate Brothers Manufacturing Company, Kane, challenging constitutionality of the 1937 legislature's general work week act. HARRISBURG, Feb. 22.--Arguments were resumed today in the Dauphin county court in the suit of :he Holgate Brothers Manufacuring Company, Kane, challenging constitutionality of the State's 44-hour work week law. Attorney General Charles J. Margiotti, at the request of Governor George H. Earle, is endeavoring to get tiie appeal before the appellate court as soon as possible for a constitutionality ruling. Efforts to take the Holgate case directly to the Supreme Court failed when facts of law could not be agreed upon by the opposing counsel. 'Corrects" Story Given Labor Board JOHNSTOWN, Feb. 22.--Francis C. Martin, Johnstown banker, testified % at a National Labor Board hearing' again to "correct" his story that he personally had given to Mayor Daniel J. Shields of Johnstown funds from a Bethlehem Steel Corporation official during last summer's strike. Recalled as a special witness by Examiner Frank Bloom, who is probing anti-union charges against Bethlehem Steel, Martin said he had "tuvcra! things to correct and others' to clarify" in connection with his testimony sivcn last fall as a board witness. His change in testimony, he said, was prompted by the action of Hoyt A. Moore, Bethlehem Steel attorney, in showing htm leccipts. given to Sidney D. Evans, Bethlehem management's repicaentativo.