Page 5 article text (OCR)
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1938. THE DAILY COURIER, CONNELLSVILLE, PA PAGE FIVE. STREAM CONSERVATION CREATES SHARP DEBATE Waters and Pollution Problem Get Attention - At Wild Life Meeting Izaak Walton League and Pennsylvania Leaders Bear Down. , INSTANCES OF *- CONTROL CITED By KENNETH A. REID One of the most interesting days at the North American Wildlife Conference at Baltimore and the one producing the most lively discussions, was Tuesday when the various uses of water and their effects on fish and aquatic life were discussed. At 0 o'clock the morning session started off with a subject that can always be counted on to bring forth sharp divergence of opinion, "How Shall We Approach the Pollution Problem." Dr. M. M. Ellis of. the U. S. Bureau of Fisheries, Abel Wolman of the Water Resources Committee, National Resources Committee, David Stroop of the American Petroleum Institute, and Richard H. Pough of the Audubon Society, .covered different phases of the problem and suggested somewhat varying methods for handling it. After these four listed papers, opportunity lor rebuttal from the floor was given, and was promptly accepted by three Pcnnsyl- vanians, Judge Grover C. Ladner Phil G. Platt, and the writer. .Both Mr. Wolman and Mr. Stroop came in for sharp criticism, particularly the former, who listed in the unsolved category many polluting wastes which have been, successfully treated, and who recommended much further "study and research," and voluntary cooperative action on local basis, as opposed to mandatory control on a national basis by watersheds, as sponsored and supported by the Izaak Walton League. Judgi Ladner forcibly pointed out that thi very methods ot evasion and delaj recommended by Mr. Wolman were the ones that had been in effect thesi many years 'and the ones undc: which pollution of streams ha grown and flourished. Mr. Plat maintained that while there were many individual industries, including some of the refineries represented by Mr. Stroop, which had sincerely approached their own responsibility o taking care of their wastes, that in dustry as a whole could not be given n clean bill ot health in its attitudi toward pollution and that the rcli ance placed in voluntary action wa: bound to produce only negligible re suits as the record of many years ha shown. In support of the contention that lew industries could always be counted upon to wreck any prognr of "voluntary cooperation," th writer quoted from the record t show where one prominent rcprc scntative of industry opposed th Pennsylvania Pure Streams Bill o . the ground that it was a "nationa problem which should be controllc by Federal action on a watershc basis"--and then in Washington a the hearings on the Lonergan Bil opposed that Federal bill on the op positc premise that "control of pol lution was a local or state matter not a national one.*' The conference registered it hearty disapproval ot 'bureaucrat! platitudes recommending furthe study and research of a problem tha has already "been investigated t death" as mere subterfuges designe to delay an honest approach and rca solution of the pollution problem while continuing to maintain an build up bureaucracy by furthe "investigation and research" at use less public expense and without pub lie benefit. ' The following subject, "What 1 Wrong With Mosquito Control," als brought out a sharp divergence o opinion between the bureaucrat, who arc spending public funds this work, and the conservationists who ara interested in preservation o the aquatic resources. One repre cntalivc of the U. S. Public Health ervice started his discussion with he answer to the subject, that "there not enough oÂ£ it." William Vogt the Audubon Society countered /ith the position that there was al- ady far too much and demanded hat any future mosquito control rojccts be predicted on the effect hey may have on the aquatic values f our waters and marshes. He mainlined that thousands of acres of aluablc waters and marshes had ecn either eliminated by drainage- r made into biological deserts "by anatical pursuit of the mosquito; nd that these unwise and uncoordi- ated single purpose projects had nly aggravated problems of floods nd droughts by eliminating mnny of Nature's water storage basins. In the afternoon session, under the ubject of "What Is Or Should Be he Status of Wildlife As a Factor n "Drainage and Reclamation Plan- ling?" S. B. Locke, Conservation Director of the Izaak Walton League, maintained that wildlife had commonly been ignored and that most if the western land that was susceptible of irrigation on a sound economic basis was already irrigated and that most of the present proposals were fantastic and unsound rrcspcctive of their adverse effects on aquatic resources and wildlife ie warned the conference of the rescnt insidious plans of the rc- rlamationists to take the water Jrom ,wo of our great National park; Jocky Mountain and Yellowstone-by elaborate diversion dams and tunnels at public expense with utter disregard for impairment of public values in these great public areas which both by act of Congress anc long precedent, have been free from all commercial and industrial exploitation. 'Following a defense of reclamation by John C. Page, commissioner Bureau of Reclamation, William L Finley ot Oregon, noted naturalis and lecturer, and vice-president o the Izaak Walton League of America branded reclamation projects "pork barrel projects for the bencfi of minority local groups at the ex pcnsc of the entire Nation." Claiming that their dams ani works had already ruined the salmon runs in many Pacific rivers and tha the gigantic dams in construction on the Columbia River at Bonnevill and Grand Coulee would mean thi eventual destruction of the $10,000, 000 annual take of salmon from tha river, Finley said: "Oregon has 1,000.000 people; thi United States has 130,000,000 people When the Federal Governmcn spends a 5100,000,000 for irrigation or power dams in Oregon, you poo pic back East arc paying the bil You pay more than 99 per cent whil Oregon tax money pays less than on per cent of the money poured int Oregon for this senseless destructio of our waters and thuir aquatic re sources. You know the attitude c the usual chamber of commerci When they think they can get some thing for nothing, they natural! clamor for it without thinkin whether or not it is desirable. W conservationists in Oregon, howcvc wish that you would keep you money ai home and let us keep ou fisheries resources. The Governmen is already paying farmers to tak land out of-cultivation'and it is ceo nomic nonsense to put more in cult; vation by costly reclamation project As for h;idro power, we don't kno' what to do with all the output from present facilities." Both Mr. Finlcy and the write were speakers on the next subjec "Can Annual Fish Crops Be Main tained With Industrial Devclopmen of Inland Waters?" Dr. A. R. Cah of the T. V. A. and Dr. Carl Hubb of the University of Michigan wcr the other two speakers. All wcr practically unanimous in their belii that while past history of manage ment of aquatic resources--amount ing to no management at all--woul indicate that fish crops could not b maintained, such a record was no a fair criterion of what could be ac complishcd when fisheries value were accorded recognition in an EXCUSE IT, PLEASE! CLEANUP;CAMPAIGN ON IN WAR-TORN NANKING Perry Grade Students Hear World Tour Talk News/of Tri-Town Community .Special ( lo The Coin I I'EKKYOPOUS, Feb. 21.--Arthur I Speclnl to The Courier. F, Knnc, lecturer and jouninlist, j . DAWSON, Feb. 21.--Mrs. Lester talked Wednesday morning in t h e : Barricklow of Vandcrbill was Â» I'crry grade ^c-hol auditorium on a : Tuesday Kue.st of Mrs. Thomas Flynn trip lie had rnadc across Asia. His, of Connellsvillc. talk was supplemented with tos- j MJ SS Clara Bcdillion, n teacher oÂ£ lumcs or the countries he had visited.; Q un bar Township High School, and Has Throat Operation. j Miss Thelma Mickey oÂ£ Liberty were and Kathleen Lynn underwent a throat operation in Uniontown - Hospital Friday morning. Kible Class Program. Mrs. Edward Hou^h .nnd . Mrs. Glenn Hough entertained members of the Goodwill Bible Class Thursday night. The program, under Ada 3utiermore, consisted of a talk on xmgfellow by Mary Duff, a reading y Mrs. B. H. Waufih; an excerpt from a paper issued'in 1885 on Vir- Drtiflcd Chinese "broom brigade" With crude brooms over their shoulders In military Â·tyle, Chinese civilian refugees prepare to carry out orders of victorious Japanese troops to "sweep up nnd clean up" Nanking, former Chinese capital. --Central Frctt plans for industrial development. The writer cited the ca.sc of a apcr mill in Pennsylvania that precluded fish life in the river below as compared with a comparable mill n Wisconsin which did not pollute :hc river and removed its wastes at profit; of a tannery on one West Virginia river which precluded fish ifc, while two others on another river in the same state had no adverse effect; of the presence of fish ifc along with intense industrialization in the Thames of "England and the Saar and Ruhr of Germany. Mr. Finlcy, while agreeing that most industrial activities could be bandied so that they would not adversely affect fish life, maintained that the mania for high dams on the Pacific coast precluded the maintenance of the runs of anadrcmous fish, like the salmon, by barring their migrations to their ancestral spawning grounds. He cited numerous instances to prove that when the salmon are barred by dams from reaching the upper waters that the runs of salmon in that river soon become extinct. The general sense of the conference was that there had been too much "single-track engineering" in government projects affecting water as ivcll as in private exploitation. There was a strong demand for a broader vision and consideration of all "existing natural values in water' 1 in advance of approval of any irrigation, navigation, flood control or power projects, whether public or private, nnd that if the Federal government would devote this wasted money and effort to correction of %vater pollution, it would nil be on the credit side of the public ledger. East End Revival. Rev. W. J. Rilchcy, pastor, will preach on "Saved Through Faith," at the evangelistic service tonight at the East End United Brethren Church. There will he special music. The meetings, beginning at 7:30 o'clock, will continue throughout the week. West Newton Fire Department Dinner Tomorrow Evening Special to The Courier. WEST NEWTON, Feb. 21.--The eleventh annual banquet ot the West Newton Volunteer Fire Department will be held on Tuesday night, February 22, at the Lutheran parish house in honor of the Northwestern Territory Expedition. E. M. Hawcs, executive director of the Northwest Territory Celebration Commission, and former Governor George White of Ohio, will be the principal speakers. Rev. Jacob F. Scholl who has been the guest of honor of all similar dinners given by the firemen, again will be in attendance. He will give the invocation. Alfred J. Parker will serve as master of ceremonies and ginia etiquette by Mrs. Kenneth Saker, and a piano solo by Mrs. Alva Blair. week-end guests of Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Jenkins of Monesscn. Mrs. Robert Randolph of Newark, N..J., is visiting Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Randolph of Liberty. The Epwo'rth League of the Philip G. Cochran Memorial Methodist Episcopal 'Church was led by Mrs. Thomas A. Charlcsworth. The topic was "How Free Arc We?" George Gillispic of McKccs Rocks was calling in Liberty Tuesday evening. Â· "Â· : . . - . . . Mrs. Catherine Patterson ol.Liber-; , i ty was a Connellsvillc. caller Wed-. Improves After Illness. | neuday Mrs. George Dun', who has been ill | ^ and Mrs E M Addjs oÂ£ Van ^ for several weeks, is slowly improving. Personals. Mrs. Sadie Duff and Rosctta Duff visited Mr. and Mrs. Howard Lcighty near Vandorbilt recently. Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Dickson of Belle Vcrnon visited Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Thorpe Wednesday evening. "500" Club Meets. The O. N. O. "MO" Curd Club met Wednesday night at the home of Mrs. Walter Johnson. Entertains Contract Club. Mrs. Frank Elwcll entertained the Contract^Club at her home Wednesday night. The extra guests were Mary Wolfp, Mrs. Glenn Hough, Mrs. Edward Hough and Mrs. Earl Curtis. Priy.es were given Mrs. H. R. Strickler, Mrs. E. H. Evcy and Miss Wolfe. John G. McCunc will act as toastmaster. A turkey dinner will be served by the women of the Lutheran Church. derbilt were Uniontown callers Wednesday. Mrs. B. H. Hall of McKcesport visited Mr. and Mrs. Richard Herbert of Vandcrbilt. Mr. Herbert has been ill for some time. Mrs. J. R. Cottom, Mr. and- Mrs. Ken H. Collins and daughter, Vivian Yvonne were recent callers in Un- Tlie Ladies' Aid Society of tho The Ladies Aid Society of the Vandcrbilt Methodist Episcopal Church'hcld a Valentine party Tuesday evening at the home of Mrs. Wilbert Mickey of Liberty. .'.Tha members dressed in old-fashioned clothes. The evening was spent in playing games and having a spelling bee. The door prize, a vase ot tulips, was won by Mrs. McLaughlin. Refreshments, with Valentine decorations, were served by the committee composed of Mrs. Allen Shallenbcrgcr, Mrs. Ethel Falbo Mrs. William Patterson and Mrs Mickey. There were 35 present. "I've never been very fussy about cigarettes myself. Do you think (hat Camels arc really as diffcrcn t as some people say, Bill?" **You bet they arc different, John! A fellow in any work as bard as selling has to figure a lot of angles 00 bis smoking, such as how ic agrees with him. And just notice how many salesmen smoke Camels. 1 changed to Camels--smoked'cm steadily--and I found a distinct difference in the way I enjoyed all-day smoking. Camels axrec with mcl" question of interest to every smiker . .. When H. W. DALY, 34, rayon sales* man, says "Yes, Camels are really different," millions of other smokers stand Â· ready to back him up. And that explains why Camels are preferred by the largest body .of smokers ever known. A KISS FROM MARITA (Mrs. Daly) and Bill it off to catch the 7:55 on which he commutes to his job . in the city. The Dalys agree 'about most things. Among them, Camels. Mrs. Daly smoked them first, soon noticed a difference. "Now we find that Camels agree better with bth of us," she says. A FRIEND DROPS IN to sec bow Bill is coming with his model racing sloop. Daly passes the Camels and aniwcrs a natural question about smoking. "Tbat all- cigarcttcs-arc-alikc taJk doesn't square with my experience. Believe me, steady smoking is the test that shows Camels io a class by themselves." A matchless blend of finer, MORE EXPENSIVE TOBACCOS- Turkish and Domestic , Trigger, MARITA'S PLANNING a grand fccd."Wc enjoy entertaining," Marita says. "I like to have plenty of Camels at the table. Camels certainly help to cheer up one's digestion." ONE SMOKER TELLS ANOTHER ON WEEK-ENDS, Bill goes in foi photography. Week days lie "pounds the streets." "I get plenty tired," he says, "but when energy fails 1 get u quick 'lift' with 1 Camel." Cwricbt, IMS. B. J. febMM Cwpw. WUÂ»tM4*fmÂ» H. O. NEW DOUBLE-FEATURE CAMEL CARAVAN Two great shows-- "Jack Oakic College" and Benny Goodman's "Swing School"-- in one fast, fun-filled hour. Every Tuesday at 9:30 pm E.S.T., S:30 pm C.S.T., 7:30 pin'.M.S.T., 6:30 pin P.S.T., over \VABC-CBS.