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PAGE FOUR, THE DAILY COURIER, CONNELLSVILLE, PA. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 193S. lath} (Enttror THE COURIER COMPANY , James J.'Driscoll R. A. Doncgan 2. Walter S. Stimmol James M. DriscoU J. Wylio Dnscoll . _ _ -- Publishci President and General Manager . ._ Secretary and Treasurer _: j. Editor . . . Associate Editor Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 lor six months by mail if paid in advance. Entered as second class matter at the Postoffice, Connellsville, Pa. MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 21, 1938. HITLER'S THREE-HOUR SPEECH America came in for very little attention in Hitler's three-hour, speech, before the German Reichstag Sunday. "If Japan is damaged, England and the United States will not profit, only bolshevlsm," as represented by Soviet Russia; the German dictator said. He has no differences Â·with John Bull except over colonies taken from the Reich after the -war. lie has no troubles with Prance. He wants no .cooperation with Russia. His alliance with Italy and Japan is reiterated. Ironical is the notification of his intention to "defend the political freedom of 10 million Germans" living in Austria and Czechoslovakia, while all the world knows the Reich is under the stern command oÂ£ a dictator -whose rule is enforced by bloody executions. Running all through the speech is the bombastic "I." "Every institution in this Reich has its appointed tasks and there is no one in any responsible position in the state who doubts" I am the ^authorized leader of the Reich," is his boast. " Actually Herr Hitler said very little that was not already known, but it is evident he is more firmly entrenched than ever. SCIEXTIPIC HISTORY CO.URSE PROPOSED ' . Students of history read with satisfaction, and a realization of the urgent need, the announcement of Dr. Lester K. Ade, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, that an attempt will be made, the first time in Pennsylvania, "to establish a scientific basis for a State history program for th public schools." Public school students have only a meagre knowledge of State history and less of the political sub-divisions, particularly cities', boroughs and townships of Â·which they know practically nothing. Teachers cannot be Â·weU blamed for the last phase, for they do not have the information at hand. Dr. Ade's plan would embrace local history. .Through the Stale Historical Commission, which Is a good place to start, a survey of public school teachers is under way to develop a constructive course dealing with State history. Such a program has been under discussion for several years but "little has been, accomplished," Dr. Ade says. Â· The survey is designed to establish the basis for development of a program. The questions In. the survey are so designed as to test the best means "by which greater use of local history may be obtained," the nature of the course which should be offered and other important problems in setting up the proposed "scientific program." ^ An effort is also being made to determine the extent of school cooperation with local historical societies and ways and means by which this may be stimulated and improved. BOTH SIDES OF TRAIS LIMIT BILL The railroads and their employes are diametrically at odds on the Train Limit Bill before Congress. R. W. Brown, vice-president in charge of operating and maintenance, Reading Railroad and the Central Railroad of New Jersey says: "Freight service on the railroads -would be demoralized by enactment of the bill to limit the length of freight trains to 70 cars. Not only would it disrupt fast-freight service but it would result in car shortages, due to the fact that the increase in the number of trains that would be required would materially slow the transportation service and result in delay in the movement of empty-car trains." President A. F. Whitney of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen: ' . "This legislation is definitely needed as a safety measure. Anyone who has ever ridden in the caboose of a 150 or 200-car train/ knows, what happens when sudden stops become necessary and the'slack runs in. It stands to reason also that suet, unreasonably long trains are more likely to buckle and be thrown onto the tracks of an approaching train. ^Many~llves-laye-been lost and many.- injuries have been sustained as a-resuit of such accidents. It is ridiculous to say 'thatfsuch long trains do not present unsafe conditions of operations. Â· - " Â· Â· " Â· " Â· " " " " "'-"Â· "Over several yearg'past, the average length of freight trains has fluctuated from 45 to 49 cars. In 1936, the average length of freight'trains was 46.8 cars. The Train Limit bill proposes to limit the length of freight trains to 70 cars and it would thus'tend to equalize the practice and prevent some trains being 150 or more cars in length, while others might be only 15 or fewer cars." In maBy^ways-Pennsylvania justifies its name, the Keystone State".JÂ£"^"7Â£.",.;;" : "Â·"*"Â· v . Localtsportsinen attending the convention of the North American "Wild-Life Conference" in Baltimore last -week beard it referred to as the outstanding state in the Union in conservation 61 "woods, "waters,and wild'life. "Twenty years ahead of us," a commentator said, referring to its wild game and fish and its forest preserves. Secretary Warren Van Dyke of the Department of Highways says its highways syotein of 40,060 miles "is already the greatest in the Nation." That's true as to hard - roads, though some other states have-better ones. The department improved a thousand miles in 1937. It now has under way a project for all-weather highway from Pittsburgh to Harrisburg and eventually to Philadelphia--a dream road--that will be something for others to shoot at Perhaps not first, but the Keystone State ranks with any in scenic beauty,' if not grandeur. The State Publicity Commission is doing its best to make this known and to draw tourists. The commission has neglected our Alps of America, but maybe it will get around to them yet. Otherwise Pennsylvania stands: First in minerals, second in manufactures, high in education, in business, in banking, in agriculture, in many other phases which make it a desirable place in which to live. Many of our citizens hie away .o warmer climes for the winter, or part of it, but are found here the rest of the year. From time to^ttrae we suffer from political mismanagement, but eventuallylwe get away from that. The great main structure.is'left; "Good old Pennsylvania, where the Declaration of Independence was signed, where the Constitution was framed, rich in historical lore. We'll always love the name. CONNELLSVILLE AND VICINITY IN PEN AND INK By COLONEL JACK MORANZ HOBBV is BOY stout WORK * ENVOYS PLTNIMC TENMIS AMD T5owuNd*fltaiRÂ«flN ADVA COMMITTEE eoNN.txtraefBw scoute ce MEMBER OP Kl WAMtS ,Pl LBMBOft PHI MO SlCMf EfiRNED His ttRSf AVOMW.fiT OCE Iff, WORKING flS ftU BcTRSattS 6I.ERK IN ' UMlV. OP TlTfeBuRiM (f3. t9iT) AND PUOUESNE UKJlV. C.-S. /Â«/.) * KPfeR (.EflVlNC. UNN.OP WlfoWORKEb VCR. 1 YEfitt "Tb 'CPRM MONEV T6 FW Hl^ V.W TRROUCH LAW SCHOOL* WE is flsi piTrbsNEY ar iftw * MEAVBER OP County BfiR ftSS'M * WE GftME Tb eoMWEUSVlUE IM (53f 6ND 'ENTERED PRflCfe witU S.T?. COLDS/MTU * DISSOLVED flte wavx flND 13 NOW fietlVE IN PRACTICE "RDR KlMSEI*' Â·RmitED HIS'BOYHOOD A^BlTlON tb "BE 0 LAWYER * * * Whafs What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON, Feb. 21.--The most influential single member of Congress undoubtedly is Senator William E. Borah of Idaho. In fact, in a way he comes close to being the most influential single individual in the United States. Of course he cannot shape policies as the President can, but the presidential influence has position back of it; It Is not purely personal. Bornh's influence. Insofar as it r.oe. (and It Roes a long distance) is Ins Influence. It is not his job's influence, lor he is bigger than his job. For example: Take the case of the anti-lynching bill. ANTI-byNCIUNG BILL That bill liad White House backing. It was Postmaster General James A. Farley's pet. Nobody approves of lynching. On the face of it, the proposed law should have gone through a-kitlng. Southern Democrats, however, opposed It--on a certain sort of sentimental grounds. But they knew that they never could out-vote the proposition--not If it come to a vote. Their only recourse was a resort to filibuster tactics--In other words, debating the thing to death. Their reckoning was that they could tic up other Issues so long that, finally, the majority would have to drop that issue, in order to get on to other business. BORAH'S VOICE The Southern congressional group certainly could rot have accomplished this object by itself alone; it was not numerically strong enough. It had Republican senatorial support, to be sure. ' Still, there were not enough no- publicans in the Senate to signify, Influentially. There were 10 of them, out of DG. And 15 of, the 16 had not voico enough to be audible. But Borah had voice enough to count for his whole party and for a majority of the remaining miscellany. BORAH'S PUNCH STRONGEST A few other senators arc bigger than their parties. Senator George W. Norris, who classifies as an independent, is more influential individually than any Republican or Democrat. Senator Burton K. Wheeler, nominally a Democrat, is a non-partisan leader. Senator Robert M. La Follette, a so- called Progressive, lias some individual influence. But none of them lias the punch of Senator Borah. Factograph* Used-car sales in the United Slates have slumped to the point where approximately 800,000 cars now arc in the hands of the nation's 45,000 dealers. Unemployment compensation laws now are in force in nil 4R states, the District of Columbia, Hawaii and Alaska. When the "Age of Chivalry" disappeared from Europe, walking sticks began to take the place of swords. In a state of suspended animation, certain bacteria are able to survive for hundreds of years. Milton, author of "Paradise Lost," was blind. Beethoven, the great musical composer, was deaf. Robert Louis Stcvensoii, authoi, wn tubercular, nnd Louis Pasteur, scientist, suflcicd .1 jliol;c at Â·1C. Each year .ippioximately 15 mil- i lion Japanese oyslcib h.ivc mi'.anls STRENGTH FOR THE DAY By Karl L. Douglass, D. D. WHAT FORGIVENESS MEANS An old Scotchman on his deathbed was persuaded by his minister to forgive a man whom he had long hated. Fixing his cycj upon his erstwhile enemy who hod been sent for, the dying man Â»ald, "Sandy, I forgi- yc. But mind, if 1 get well, it will na count." Many people forgive their enemies with their Oncers crossed. Lying on deathbeds they will say the word of forgiveness. To keep peace in the family, or make things easier with a business associate, to be nominated for office, or to get an order, they will agree to forget the past and let It go at that. But so much forgiveness ii from the lips out; the heart remains the same. Still do we sec the tilings we have always hated in certain hearts, and still do we continue to hate these things as much as ever. We have given a grudging assent to the suggestion that we ought to forgive, but we have done little more than say we would. Forgiveness means not only saying something, but being something. It means that we dcilnltcly assume a new attitude toward a person, hard as it may be to do so. When the attitude is changed, it will not be long before the emotion changes also; rnd when .ittitudc and emotion have both changed, then, and only then, have we forgiven. All reserved -- Babson NewÂ»p*per Sndlcalr. As Others Think GOVERNMENT AT PLAT (Somerset American.) Our old friend Eddie Dongo hai been granted permission by PUC to continue to serve the people of Mcyersdale with steam hcnt. The Moycrsdalc public has enjoyed the benefits of n public steam heat plant since nbout the time the town was given electric light The death of Jonas Lcnhart, who conducted it for years, gave Mr. Dongcs an opportunity to get Into the business. But so meddlesome have the politicians become that before Mr. Dongcs could operate the plant which Mrs. Clara Lenhart, widow of Jonns, sold him. he had to get a permit from PUC. Obviously, there was no reason why a matter that concerned Mr. Dongcs, Mrs. Lcnhart and the people of Meyersdale--and them only-should require the approval ot n group in Harrisburg. But there is what we have come to in Pennsylvania, and that is what had to be done. injected into them to create artificial pearls. Eisiity per cent of Great Britain's taxes arc spent for debts on past wars and preparations for future wars. In the Day's News Hrlcr Comment .a current Events Here and There. The Democratic organization in Pennsylvania faces the prospect of a free-for-all nt the primary election Announcement of Governor Earlc's for the senatorship is taken as slam at the slatc-mnking of the Lawrence group. John Lewis has made it plain he will have Tom Kennedy or nobody. Philadelphia hostile to Charles A. Jones of Pittsburgh, the slate makers' choice. Al In all it is a rather gloomy outlook for the State Committee when ii meets this week to decide what shall be done. Of course there's Charles Margiotti also to be considered. The CIO has scored a victory In signing a contract with Genera Electric. Thirty thousand employes are affected. It is the first agreement to be reached between the corporation and any union. It musi be noted, however, that the closet shop is not embraced. About the only attention that wil be paid to the Father of His Country on the anniversary tomorrow will be sxispension of business at the banks and the Postofflce. Otherwise th daily routine will be followed. It is suggested display of flags be no forgotten. Why Not All Together? Today in Washington By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON, Feb. 21.--Eco- \omlcs by moral suasion--this is the nly concrete purpose that will be orvcd by President Roosevelt's appeal for n balanced price structure. Except for a few economists and cchnlclnns, the carefully prepared tutomcnt issued by the President, jftcr consultation with the heads of mporlarlt government agencies, will com to|moat everybody else as just ;o much wordage. It reveals no olullon and suggests no formula by which anything in the statement can iclunlly be put into effect. The statement is in itscll amazing wcausc It docs not disclose what the President's reason for issuing it hap- pcnn to be. Ceretalnly it cannot be is/iumcd that Mr. Hoosevelt believes he entire business world is just waiting with bated breath lor "maser minds" at Washington to indicate which Budgets In business and industry .should be turned on and which should be turned off so as'to achieve the vague objectives. The President, in effect, says some ;riccs arc too high and some prices ire not high enough. Who is to say which is which? No specifications nre given. The whole statement reveals a lack ot knowledge on the part of government of the way prices jrc made in a competitive economy Ike our own. It ignores the reasons why demand springs up and why it dies down. It brushes aside the greed of business men for as much profit as the traffic will bear nnd the overzcalousness of labor leaders to raise wages as high as they can so as lo keep their membership enthusiastic about paying dues. Then there Is the impact of group igainst group, economic force against economic force. Thus Mr. Roosevelt says the bituminous coal industry, 'or example, must not raise prices so high as to dnvc consumers to using other kinds of fuel. But that's precisely what will happen when there's no ceiling to prices nnd when there's no rcsthraint on the biggest item in ;he whole thing--labor costs. Nobody tells capital when its profits are too high and nobody tells labor when it is overreaching itself. And, above all, nobody can effectively tell the New Deal itself when It is ncreaslng taxes so much as to bog down the whole economic structure. To no small extent, recent price rises have been due to tax increases. The payroll taxes, imposed suddenly and arbitrarily for a laudable purpose- social security--came with such force this last year as to cause economic indigestion. The present recession is due in large part to the Imposition of $1,000,000,000 n year in payroll taxes, thus withdrawing from purchasing power two and three times that sum which would normally be used to keep goods moving and demand increasing. \ So all these groups in the Nation, as well as the Government itself, operate on a do-as-you-plcase basis, and the final crack-up Is price chaos and economic disequilibrium. Now comes an official statement from on high telling the business world prices are too high in some cases and too low in others. Such tactics may be good moral suasion, an interesting attempt to focus for educational pur- pses the attention of business on the unwisdom of bad policies, but It is a safe bet that very few business men will be able to find out by reading the official pronouncements jusi what the Administration is driving nt or exactly what they themselves nre now supposed to do. The goal Is, of course, desirable Prices should theoretically never gc' out of line Wage increases shoulc be made gradually and not precipitately. Output should not be restricted unduly when demand can be foreseen. Panic and fear should be taboo. In other words, everybodj should do the right thing at the right time. But, when such a. sermon on wha mig't be termed economic behaviorism Is preached, it is very difficult to know by what mechanism of direct or indirect control the objectives can be reached. Maybe the President's idea is tha he must attempt to express in a technical statement the administration's viewpoint on prices because he has heretofore dealt with the subjcc more or ess loosely and in what has been criticized as unsound economics If this is the purpose, then the latcsi statement will be received as a straightening out of the record. The idea of n "balanced price structure" Is reminiscent of what Herbert Hoover used to call an "economic balance." It is an economic ideal and rarely a reality, though occasionally we have periods of prosperity which we think arc balancet relationships between production anc demand, but which later turn out to be abnormal nnd merely the cx- ci-esccnce of some series of circumstances like a postwar boom or a European stimulus due to an armament race or other unnatural demand mportant groups, capital, labor, management, agriculture and government, it is the complicated statement just issued by the President on the subject of prices. Granting that the edict is 100 per cent sound, t does not answer the single vital question, "but how can it be achieved?" or ra If c cct c materials, cr anything proved that there was need today m America for dl- llaboration on the part of the Your Income Tax NO. 24 Depreciation Allowances. The amount to be recovered by depreciation is the cost of the property, if acquired by purchase after february 28, 1913. If acquired by purchase on or before that date, the basis is the cost of the property, less depreciation sustained prior to March 1, 1913, or the value on March 1, 1913, whichever Is greater. The proper allowance for deprecia^ tion is that amount which should be set aside for the taxable year in accordance with a reasonably consistent plan (not necessarily a uniform rate), whereby the aggregate amount so set aside, plus the salvage value, will at the end of the useful life of the property equal the cost or other basis of the property. The depreciation rate of a building . is not based upon the number of years it will stand before being condemned and razed, but on the number of years it will remain habitable or serviceable for the purpose for which constructed. If the taxpayer builds a new building, the period over which depreciation may be claimed begins at the time the building is completed and capable of being used. Buildings under construction are not subject to a depreciation allowance. If it is clearly shown that, because of economic or other conditions, property must be abandoned at a date prior to the. end of its normal useful life, so that depreciation deductions alone arc insufficient to return the cost or other basis, a reasonable deduction for obsolescence may be allowed in addition to depreciation. No deduction lor obsolescence is permitted because, in the opinion of the taxpayer, the property may become obsolete at some future date. Just Folks By EDGAR A. CI^EST INESCAPABLE THcsa arc the things which ws cannot change: Weather nnd time and the flowJnc tide, We iacc whatever the lutes arrange And willing or no put our whim* aside. As the day U ordered we must abide. Tills wÂ« learn as the years go by: Sorrow Is something that all must bear: The joys we'd keep arc the ones that fly: Skies arc Â£ray uhcn we'd have them fair; Disappointment falls everywhere. He Uvcs best %\ho can best reshape JUs drcamu anew to the wftfh denied; Who bravest bcnrs what he can't ccmape OI wind and weather and flowing tide And keeps his faith when he's trouble- tried. A WISE MOVE When Confronted By Scrlottfl Financial Problems, It's A Wise Move To See Us For A $25 to $300 CASH LOAN No Endorsers or Signers Nc Embarrassment. Vsk About The Union Roftftj-ment Plan. No Payment for 30 Days. Up to IS Months to Repay. Old ICcl!ahIe-27 Trs. In Greensburt Lonn* Made In Westmoreland Ami S'lrrotmrtlnff Comrtle*. Cnll--Phone--Or Writ*. u N I O N LOAN CO. 201--Second Floor FirM N'pt'nnn! Bank Bid*. Phone 1-3-1-3 GREENSBURG Persons ivlio arc at homo today w i l l enter (lie Hc^pitnl tomorrow. ^ Pennsylvania Chartered Company nniler the supervision of tlie State Insurance J)c- pnrtment Examiners -WILL PAY YOU$ 5.00 Per Day for 28 Days. $10.00 For Use of Operating and Delivery Room. $10.00 For Anaesthetic. $ 5.00 For X-Ray Examination. Costs You Only 75 IXfl.UDES M A T K K X 1 T V CASKS ('nil or AVriii- THOMAS P. BALSLEY 1 1 1 1 Sj ram ore Slroof Plioni- 2HS1-M'