The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on March 6, 1939 · Page 4
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March 6, 1939

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Monday, March 6, 1939
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PAGE FOUR. THE DAILY C O U R I E R , CONNEL,LBV1L,L,BJ, PA. MONDAY, MARCH 6, 1939. ip !atly THE COURIER COMPANY James J. Driscoll -- _..__.. R. A. Donegan Publishers Presidcat and General Manager -- .. . Secretary and Treasurer . . . . . Editor .. Associate Editor Walter S. Stimmel James M. Driscoll J. Wylic Driscoll .... Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by mail it paid in advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at the Postofftce, Connellsville, Pa. MONDAY EVENING, MARCH G, 1939 Citizenship Privileges and Duties Tax Collector Chester K. McKesson struck the keynote of individual responsibility to the community in "An Appeal to the Citizens of Connellsville" in The Courier last week when he used these -words: "Citizenship is not all privileges. It also entails a duty. The same Constitution -which guarantees you the rights and privileges of citizenship also imposes upon you the duty of paying taxes." The collector, who is the city treasurer, added that the Constitution also provides the taxing authorities with legal means of. collecting the sums that have been assessed to make possible the running of government. One great failing of an element of the American people is the lack of responsibility with regard to assuming its share or the expense of government. Some are long on privileges and sliorl on duties. The tax dodger is outstanding. Others who would not come strictly -within that category are the careless in paying taxes. Like with church support, they put it off to the last day. It is these two classes who make the going hard for the collector and the adminibtrative bodies of the community. Without sufficient income the municipal machine cannot be operated efficiently. There must be funds on hand to educate the children, protect us against fire and the criminals, provide for lighting and upkeep of streets, maintain the library, make possible some recreational facilities and other advantages. All this cost cannot be borne by 60 to 75 per cent collection of taxes when budgets are set up on the basis of nearly 100 per cent. Always, it is an unpleasant duty o£ the collector to resort 10 forcible means. It has been done to some extent, for example attachment of rent where landlords fail to payi This has yielded something more than $10,000 in recent months. Even more drastic action is being considered by the collector, who warns that one of the means of collection is levying on personal property--household goods, automobiles, merchandise, stocks and-b"bnds, even jewelry--of those who have not been paying, "if . . . they persist in further evading payment." "The taxing authorities are demanding action," says the collector, "so please pay and thereby relieve me of an unpleasant duty." SIGSS OF TDIES POIST TO G. 0. P. Numerous factors are contributing to a political situation which augurs well for Republican success at the presidential election in 1940. Among them are: Increasing evidence that President Roosevelt cannot be reelected. None of several polls has revealed a majority favoring his return to the White Mouse for a third term. Decline of the Roosevelt influence as evidenced "by a growth in the independent spirit in Congress. Largely this is accounted for by the fact that the President will pass out of the political picture at the end of his term. Failure of Democraic sentiment to focus upon any one in the party as an outstanding leader--as one who would measure up to Mr. Roosevelt in popular appeal. Failure of the New Deal through six years to bring order out of chaos in industry and business. Relief and WPA roils- are as great as at any time since the depression began. Rise of District Attorney Thomas E. Dewey of New York as a Republican presidential possibility. The man who brought about the conviction of James J. 1-Iines, Tammany power, and who has been successful generally in his war on racketeering, would prove a formidable opponent for anyone within the Democratic ranks. The November election returns showing sweeping gains for the Reptiblican party. Based on the November vote and developments since, Republicans are already claiming 21 states, commanding 221 electoral votes, in 1940. New York is not included. It is one of the "toss up" states. If Dewey were the candidate today, they believe the Empire State would undoubtedly be overwhelmingly for him. Along with New York, Idaho is listed as a "toss up," with Republican'leaning. Without reservation the Republican National Committee counts on Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, North Dakota, Wyoming and Oregon. It would not be a surprise if .Illinois lines up with the G. 0. P. There is evident need for herculean efforts on the part of the Administration to junk reform in favor of recovery. A boom' in business might be to its advantage election year. GLESN FBANK'S ECONOMICS IMA Glenn Frank, farm editor and chairman of the Republican party's program committee, is not being unpatriotic when he denounces the New Deal's "scarcity economics" and urges the country to "pick up rusting instrumentalities of production . . . and junk the defeatist policies of limitation." Frank, who by education could qualify as a brain truster if the Republicans were to refer to them, by that name, is a member of the school of thought which contends "wo can have more only as we create move." He explained his theories and those of his party before the National Association of Real Estate Boards in New York. And to create more it is necessary, says Frank, that business and government think through, adopt and put into nationwide operation a workable economics of plenty that, is consistent with this age of science, technology and power · 'ttion. To attain the end Frank advocates there i m - . be cooperation of government and business. So long as they pull against each other the people -i\ill suffer. OPENING THE 1939 TRAVEL SEASON Wfiat's W/iat At a Glance STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Douglass. D. D. By CHARES P. STEWART WASHINGTON, Mar. G--Several late legislatures have been trying, or a number of years past, to hit on some scheme for establishing an in- .ei state protective tariff system in :his country. Thus crassly expressed, of course, t's an unconstitutional idea. The nterstate protectionists, however, lave sought to disguise it in a fash- on to fool the Supreme Court into loving it the high tripunal's indorse- ment. The other day the august bench served notice that it isn't one ittle bit flim-flammed--that it fully comprehends the nefarious nature of .he various local legislatures' attempted funny-business and won't stand for it for a minute. Justice Felix Frankfurter, the lat- ist addition to the group of "nine old men," handed down the opinion, and it was a deal more significant than it received immediate credit for being. The decision was rendered the E_rr.o day that the "nine old men" landed a succession of three or four severe kicks :n the pantb to the National Labor Relation Board, and le- percussions from the Labor Boaid, and those interested in it, pro and contra, pretty well drowned out simultaneous repercussions from the Frankfurter ruling All the same, it's hard to overestimate the importance of the latter finding. Trade Barriers. The nub o£ the thing is this: Our founding fathers recognized the deadening economic effects o£ barriers erected at trade bottlenecks (usually international but occasionally intra-nationai) involving the payment of tribute at the crossing of boundaries. Into our fundamental law they introduced the principle that no sucii levies might be exacted between our slates. The rule worked admirably. The U. S. A. has been tile largest wholly free-trade area on earth, and the most prosperous, even in bad commercial times. It has suffered, with others, from international restrictions, but internally it has thriven from its unrestricted flow of traffic from state to state. In the last few years this freedom his been threatened. For one thing, individual states have been imposing sales taxes. If a citizen of state "A," for example, made a purchase, he had to pay a tax on it. That was all right if he lived in the center of 3'-vte "A" But if he lived just across the line from state "B," which had no such tax, his inclination was to do his buying in state "B,' and bring his stuff into "A" for consumption. State "A" disposition was to protect against such importations. But that was unconstitutional. Accordingly slate "A" undertook to impose, against slate "B," a "use tax," de- s'gncd to constitutionalize a certain sort of a tariff. In particular, slate "A" would hold up automobiles at its bolder, to soc 1 - them in connection with the-r license tags and fuel supplies. Regular ports of entry, so- c.illed, were created, in sure-enough international style. Commercially they made the states different countries. Florida Overdid It. The Florida legislature devised a ! scheme to keep out extra-Florida ce- I mcnt. It voted that extra-Floridan cement doesn't average as well as Florida's home product, so it established an inspection service, to pass on cement from other states. This would have.passed muster if it had been shown that the inspection had been leg.timate inspction. Evidence, however, was tnat the charge for inspection was GO times the cost of it. This being the case, Justice Frankfurter reasons, inspection isn't genuine inspection--it's a tariff And, as a taiiff between stitutionul. Which seems to CONCERNING OUR POSSESSIONS "Don't ask if a man has been through college; ask il a college has been through the man." Thus a recent writer has denned the true nature of education. He might have used the same kind of reasoning with 'reference to a number of different things. Don't ask if a man has religion; ask if religion has him. Don't ask il a man expects to go to heaven; ask if he Is there now. Don't ask if a man accepts the creed; ask if the creed accepts him. For in the last analysis the only things we have are the things that have us. A college education hanging on the wall in the form o£ a diploma or recorded in the alumni directory may signify nothing more than the waste of some indulgent father's cold cash. The diploma only certifies lhat the man went through a college; the way he behaves the rest of his life in- dfcates whether or not the college went through him. The church secretary can tell you whether or not John Doe is enrolled in the membership of a certain church, but only the angels in heaven know whether that means anything or not. Nothing is vital or really'pos- sessod until it has possessed. As Others Think REASONABLE DOUBT (Morgantown, W. Va., Post.) An established principle of crim- al law is that an accused person annot be convicted until he has been roven guilty beyond a reasonable iubt. ' Under the highly formalistlc system defining the law to juries in Wsst .rginia, stock instructions are used an effort to explain to the jurors hat a reasonable doubt is. These structions arc phrased in such chlmcal language that it may well ; doubted if many men who have irved on juries in criminal cases m 'est Virginia could say with such atlsfaction to themselves how the ourt defined reasonable doubt to .em. In contrast to the kind of instruc- ons given in West Virginia, an in- ruction given in New York for a iflmtion of reasonable doubt is orth examining. It follows: The law says that a man is not roved guilty unless he is proved uilty beyond a reasonable doubt. If reasonable doubt of guilt remains, len he is entitled to the benefit of .hat doubt and to an acquittal. Now, in considering that rule of aw, you should not forget the word reasonable." That is just as im- ortant as the word "doubt." The aw docs not say a man must be roved guilty beyond every imagin- ble doubt or every conceivable or ossible doubt. No case can be roved to that extent. The human ind can imagine a doubt on almost ny topic, and if the law said you ad to prove a case beyond every im- ginable doubt there might as well e no cour,t. In other words, the law oes not say that the defendant's ullt must be proved to a mathemat- cal certainty, because in courts and ases that depend upon human mein- ry and recollection, you cannot have mathematical certainty, but it is sossible to make it reasonably cer- ain that a man is guilty; it is pos- ible to remove a reasonable doubt, and that is what must be done before ny defendant can be found guilty. As to the word "reasonable," that las no mysterious meaning. means in its definition just what ii means anywhere. A reasonable doubt s a doubt founded on reason. It is not founded on any wild surmising or guesswork or on sympathy, it is not a subterfuge to resort to avoid doing a disagreeable duty, but it is ust what the word means. It is .oubt founded on reason, a doubt that he holder of the doubt can give a food reason to entertain. That is a measure of doubt. If. it is proved that the defendan s guilty beyond a reasonable doubt t has been made reasonably certain that he is guilty, then he must be convicted. On the other hand, i: there is a reasonable doubt of hi, uilt in a case, then he is entitlef o the benefit of that and to an ecquittal. All rights reserved--Babson Newspaper Syndicate. Sidelights A Uniontown newspaper, commenting editorially on the U. S. De- Dartment of Commerce report of retail sales in independent stores in Pennsylvania, listed practically every municipality but ConneUsville despite [he fact the Yough City was among Lhe group that during January of this year showed a gain over sales in January, 1938. The department's sheet lists Connellsville which means that the countyseat doesn't believe this city is entitled to any credit. states, it's uncon- knock out dis- i^J inter-state tariffs in general. Ot a half dozen girls and women and as many men who sat eating and chatting in a local restaurant Saturday, every one of the female sex was smoking, not one of the men. An observer just happened to notice and commented on it. It's sometimes difficult to understand human beings. Take the case of Charles William Carlson, 70-year- old recluse who died in a one-room shanty near Wellsburg, W. Va. Despite the fact he had $12,000 in cash in a bank, he subsisted only on food, clothing and fuel which kindly neighbors and relief groups gave him. Persons in the Supreme Court chamber in Washington had occasion to see the phenomenal memory of Associate Justice Roberts in action. For nearly a healf hour, the justice spoke from the bench, delivering opinions without once glancing at the printed documents containing the wording he was reciting. As far as the State is concerned, eggs are eggs, but there's no use trying to get around it if said eggs are not strictly fresh by representing them as "guaranteed" or "superior" or anything of that sort. When they do not meet the minimum requirements of the State law defining "fresh" eggs, they may not be offeree for sale, wholesale or retail, "by written or verbal statement," except merely as "eggs." If they do meet specifications, they may be sold a; "fresh eggs." The minimum requirements foi fresh eggs: ' "The air cell must be not more than two-eights of an inch in depth localized, regular. "The yolk may be visible, but no; plainly visible or mobile. "The white must be iirm and clear "The germ must not show any visible development." Representatives o£ the Deparrmen* of Agriculture explained they ran into so many meaningless and misleading descriptions of eggs that it became necessary to clamp down. For that reason, the listings now aie limited to "fresh eggs" and "eggs," but as to quality, they may be classified: Pennsylvania faricy, Pennsylvania extra, Pennsylvania standard, Penn- 1 sylvania trade, U. S. special, U. S extra. U. S. standard, U. S. trade. Such listing, of course, is permitted only if the eggs meet rigid standards set up for each type. Stray Thoughts By S. M. DcHUFP I don't think any the less of Thoro as E. De\vey's chances for the 194 Republican presidential nominatio since he Ued those 13 kinks in Ih tail of Tammany Tiger James J Hines. Add Gloria Swanson to tha list o£ forgotten folks. The cnl townsman I know of who smokes hookah (water pipe to you low brows) is Dr. Edison H. Harmon Why, oh, why, did they have to g and give this year's Motion Pictur Academy of Arts and Sciences awar to my most heartily disliked mov actress? And it's just too bad tl way radio bands and crooners ar ganging up on "This Can't Be Love the tuneful-est tune since Irving Ber lin lost his punch. If "there's no foi like an old fool," Where's there smart-aleck to compare with on under seven years of age? What wit those French sales, and the we're smashing up our supply, th airplane industry ought to boor Anyone can have robins who wan them, but for mine, I'll take th blossoming pussywillow tree in 01 backyard every time, as a harbing ol Spring. There was a massacre some sort, over something or other, Boston, 1G7 years ago today. Lei go to press. There is no difference in too health due to sex, yet girls have mo teeth that are decayed or lackin than boys o£ the same age. THE.' By PAUL MELLON WASHINGTON, Mar. 6.--The in- urrection Pat Harrison is starting gainst spending is no political ven- uie, despite what you hear. business must be supported by he Government, the country is head- V d for a crash as soon as the money uns out. It is only a question of ow long the Ti easury can keep oing. Public men do not like to talk such oleful expectations aloud. It Inght- ns people. Of late New Deal years, lie doubters of the spending policy tave succumbed to defeatism. They ould not find any practical means f stopping spending, so they just _^ ·cept quiet, crossed their fingers and traced themselves for the eventual esult. Vice-president Garner, for nstance, has come back to the last hree sessions of Congress, privately ireaching and demanding a sensible moderation of the spending policy to nspire unchallengeable confidence in he future of the Treasury. He worked at" it, but he never got far enough even to let the public know ;uch a movement was in progress. BECOMING A GRANDPA We got the word and up and dressed. And to the hospital we flew To pace the floor, like all the rest And wait the night and mornln through. ut no one spoke to him or me Who were the grandpas-soon-to-be. We watched the nurses come and go. We saw the doctor now and then. The father questioned: "Did he know If all was coming well (and when?)" ;ut us they did not seem to see. The anxious grandpas-soon-to-be. Said I to him: "We're flesh and blood "We tremble, too, when we're afraid, Feel heat and cold; know drought an flood And yet no plans for us arc made. There Is no service, paid or iree Arranged for grandpas-soon-to-be. "Nothing at all for us is done. No grandpa room with easy chairsl "What sort of place Is this they run? Don't they respect our graying hairs? Is nobody aware that we Are now the grandpas-soon-ti-be??' BEHIN Spending is the popular side. Businessmen, farmers, reliefers who are jetting some of the money, want all hey can get. How then could a poor congressman trying to get reelected be expected to deny himself at the gravy bowl? Everybody here was letting his. It was impossible even to start an open movement for budget balancing. The impression that only bankers would benefit from a sound Treasury was nationally promoted. The fact that the Treasury belonged to the people who pay taxes (and that is all people) was obscured. The fact :hat the bankers have no money except that which people deposit with ihem for safekeeping was also unmentioned. The conclusion that if the Treasury went broke (into inflation) the people would get it on the nose, m the jaw, in the neck and elsewhere--flrst by losing their stake in a solvent Treasury, then by losing their savings in banks and insurance companies (now loaded with the Federal debt), then by losing the value of everything they possess--these formerly accepted truths went unmentioned. Any public man who tried to mention them found the effect the same as if he were whispering m a hurricane. The Harrison move is the flrst attempt to furnish leadership here for working out of the hole at the top- instead of the nottom. ' It is just as- sincere and grave as the unspokerr"*^ fears which inspired it. No one can tell how it will come out yet in view of the general unwillingness to face the situation, or even to admit there is a situation. The budget lor the next fiscal year calls lor expenditures of about nine billions and receipts of Sve and a half billions, making a deficit of around three and a half billions. If Harrison succeeds in cutting the Continued on Page Eight. There still is a town crier in the smaller villages of France, and he beats a drum to call attention to the news he brings. The upper part of one's face stops growing after the 15th year, but the lower portion grows for years thereafter. There is more sickness in Norway during the period of darkness in that " T and of the Midnight Sun" than in the light period. The oldest known Masonic document bears the date of 1390 A. D. 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