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r-AGE POUR. THR DAILY COUR1EK, CUNNBU.SVrL.LE, PA. SATURDAY, MARCH 4, 1939. iatlg (ttnurw THE COURIER COMPANY James J. Driscoll R. A. DoneEan ,.__ r __ Walter S. Stimmel i I James M. Driscoll J. Wylie Driscoll, Publishers . President and General Manager Secretary and Treasurer ...... .. ./... Editor Associate Editor _L Advertising and Business) Manager I MEMBER OF ^ , . j Audit Bureau ol Circulations ' Â· Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Â· Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press, and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Â· Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; S5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by mail ii paid in advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at the Postoffice, Connellsville, Pa. SATURDAY EVENING, MAKCH 4, 193D Americanism Week Needs Our Support Every once in while it becomes necessary to reaffirm our faith In the government and the principles oÂ£ democracy under which we have lived since the Constitution was adopted and under which we hope to live forever. Attacks from without and the boring from within by unpatriotic groups make this advisable and essential. It is because of this that the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks is sponsoring the observance of Americanism Week for the period of March 5 to 12--that is beginning tomorrow. In Conn-illsvVUe and elsewhere throughout the Nation the Elks have enlisted the cooperation of patriotic organizations, service clubs and others, that millions of Americans will have the opportunity of hearing stressed the many advantages that are derived from the American system of democratic government, and to the end that we may continue to have what the Constitution intends we should have--justice, tranquility and the blessings of liberty such as many nations- and peoples do not have. Elsewhere in The Courier appears in detail the program for the observance of the week and also the proclamation of Mayor Tra D. Younldn commending it. This patriotic effort on the part of the Elks is but one oE many worthwhile objectives of the order through the years. Public support will be the answer of the American people to the Isms that are being fostered by persons and groups which seek to break down that which we hold most sacred. 02TE HUNDRED FIFTY YEARS One hundred fifty years ago today--March 4, 17S9-- the Congress of the newly formed. "United States of Amer- iea gathered at Federal Hall, New York, for its first meeting. Senators and representatives of that distant day lacked even a. semblance of our modern means of transportation, and communication, and only eight of the 22 senators and IS of the 59 representatives answered the roll call. This afternoon practically the full Congress, with President Roosevelt joining, assembled at the Capitol in "Washington to formally observe the anniversary. Before going to address the joint session the President made his way .to St. John's Episcopal Church, across the avenue from the White House, to pray for Divine guidance"In: the .conduct of the affairs of the Nation. " There Is'nothing 'in the news to indicate the members of the two houses, did likewise. They let the chaplains do their praying." Legislators of "Washington's time were much more given to seeking the guidance of a higher power than are those of the modern day. The sesquj-centennial of the Nation's law-making body finds the Administration of which it is a part in the midst of a swing against Mr. Roosevelt. It may be that history is repeating. It is recalled there was a sharp swing after Jefferson, after Jackson, after Wilson. That seems to be the trend which may lead the opposition back into power, after Roosevelt. It may also he recalled that two-term Presidents found themselves the butt of rising opposition. That tradition is holding good today, manifested by the truculent attitude on the part of Congress; its greater show of Independence. Public opinion Is back of it. Especially in the lower house is growing disregard of the Chief Executive showing itself. The revolt results from conviction Mr. Roosevelt will not bs a candidate for reelection. EfCOME TAX RETURNS The time for filing income tax returns-isÂ£drawing to a- close. The final'" day is Wednesday, March' 15. The who,when, where, how and what is set forth briefly in a bulletin of the Bureau of Internal Revenue. It reads: THio? Every single person or married person not living with husband or wife who had a net income of $1,000 or more or a, gross income of $5,000 or more in 1938, and generally, husband and wife living together, who had an aggregate net Income of ?2,500 or onore or an aggregate gross income of $5,000 or more. The sum of $400 may be deducted for each dependent under 18 years of age or incapable by mental or physical disability of self-support, as may personal, realty and motor taxes and contributions to church and charity. When? Filing period ends March 15, as before stated. "Where? In this area at the Federal Building, North Arch street, Connellsville, HOT?? Full instructions are given on Form 1040A, for persons whose incomes are under $5,000; Form 1040 for those with incomes in excess of $5,000. The forms may be secured at the Federal Building, if they have not already been mailed to you. TVhat? Four per cent normal tax on the amount of net income in excess of the personal exemptions', credit for dependents, church, charity, etc. The Revenue Bureau offers these don'ts: Don't prepare your return without first studying the instructions accompanying the form. Don't procrastinate. Early assembling of data permits a careful consideration of all tax problems. Don't destroy the memoranda from which your return was prepared. Don't omit explanation when such information is essential to an intelligent audit. Attach memoranda to your return. THE NEWS OF CAPITOL HILL Along,with his program of pulling Pennsylvania out of the red, Governor "James plans to keep the people informed about doings on Capitol" Hill at Harrtsburg through a centralized "publicity bureau. That is, ~ if what h'e has broached to newspaper and press association correspondents materializes/ - ' There is to be a publicity bureau in the proposed Department of ..Commerce which will be manned by a half dozen men, with all departmental copy clearing through a central desk, or city editor, as he would be called in a newspaper plant. Five of the six would be assigned to keep watch for noteworthy things in the several departments. The plan is somethink like that employed by former Governor Earle, but at reduced personnel and expense. News of all departments will be handled impartially, based on its value. It is presumed the publicity staff will be made up of trained newspaper men. Otherwise it will fail of its purpose. ANOTHER ELEPHANT WHO NEVER FORGETS! Â·WASHINGTON, Mar. 4.--Feroci- usly honest Harold Ickes, who is always accusing the press of diabolical naccuracies, seems to have snared is own large toe in one, at least. Â·*e has successfully deluded an entire vorld--mapmakers, press and movies --into believing that dam out in the Colorado River was Boulder Dam. A bit of long-suppressed inside his- ory shows an Attorney General of he "United States, Homer Cummings, uied that Ickes illegally changed the lame of the dam to Boulder--and so dvised the Interior Secretary away back in January, 1935. Cummings, hen a fellov,- Cabinet member of the rate Interior Secretary, held the dam vas still "Hoover Dam" in honor of Whoifs What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART WASHINGTON, Mar. 4.--Economists I talk with are none too sure he National Administration, try as loneslly hard as it may, can hurry America back into an era of very ialisfactory prosperity m anything ike the near luture. They agree that the stock market lets certain little fillips from President Roosevelt's assurance that business has nothing to fear, from Treasury Secretary Morgenthau's declaration in opposition to further taxation increases, and from Commerce Secretary Hopkins' promise of an environment in which pri%'ate capital will be encouraged to invest. But is there anyhing particularly basic about all this? Economists seem skeptical. Historians seem skeptical also. Maybe the historians' dope is more significant than the economists'. The economists' calculations are at rather short range. The historians reckon from big war to big war, assuming they generally are about a century apart. The historians' theory is that the belligerent folk need approximately 100 years to recover from a major conflict. The so-called 100 years' war was an illustration of it. Europe never wai the same after it was over. And, until extremely modern times, the Napoleonic wars had their disorganizing effects upon international economics. The late Melvin A. Traylor, as president oÂ£ the National City Bank of Chicago, an economic-historian of the first class, once told me that he believed Uncle Sam's panic of 1893 to be the last thunderclap of our War of Secession. Restoration to normalcy, following one of these convluslons, is extremely gradual. Indeer, usually there never is a complete return to pre- convlusion normalcy, as President Harding called it. As a comparison, on a small scale: STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Douglass, D. D. HEARING WE HEAR NOT Ministers the world over are saying every Sunday from the pulpits those things which really matter most in lite; and everyone agrees with these things. In fact if the pulpit experienced more disagreement from the pew, we should probably get further than we do in moral and spiritual matters. But everyone when he hears the minister speaking says, "Yes, yes, that is all very true," and goes about his business day after day and largely forgets what he has heard as suiely as man forgets the image of his face which he has seen in a mirror. But the greatest reality in all the world--and it is the thing with which the pulpit primarily deals--is that God's presence through Jesus Christ is in the micist of human society. God, through His divine Son, stands at the door of every mar.'s heart and knocks. The Bible is our assurance in the form of the written Word that this is true. The service of worship is an attempt to woo men's hearts to the consciousness of the presence of God hero and now. M;m's heart is like a door which opens on. the inside. God stands on the outside and knocks, and His assurance is, "If any man hear My voice and open the door, I will come in unto him, and sup with him, and he with Me." All rights reserved--Babson Newspaper Syrdlcate Stop Worrying About Europe Babson Cautions Against Letting Another War-Scare Kill Busmes By ROGER W. BABSON BABSON PARK, Fla., Mar. 4.-The war-scare of lost September pulled business up short throughout the world. Radio announcers, press dispatches, bulletin b o a r d s all screamed war. Retail trade sloued down; business men were terrified; brenk produced a sharp drop. With in a few months after hostilitie started, however, all records wer being smashed. If Europe agai sees a real war the combatants wi need billions of dollars worth of our raw materials, food stuffs, and manufactured goods. So why be scared to death because of the possibility of a war in Europe which, if we were to NEWS BEHIND, THE By PAULMALLON The letters show the world losl two outstanding humorists when these two took up their chareers in politics. The Interior Secretary's letter (January 17, 1935): "Dear Homer: On page 4 of (your) bill ol complaint in the case of the v . U. S. A. plaintiff, vs. the state oÂ£ Arizona, defendant, there is a reference to 'water discharged as Hoover (Boulder) Dam.' Having gone to great lengths to give to Boulder Dam its original and proper name which my predecessor in office attempted feloniously to take from it, for which praisew thy and meritorious public net, I have been roundly condemned by reactionary Republican papers in all parts of the country, I may say he chairrran of the committee which that the reference in this bill of com- brought the Colorado River states in- o the water compact, Herbert Hoo- :r. It might never have become public ut for an oversight on the part of ".ummings. When he left office recently he permitted a writer to have Us public papers for publication in book form. Somehow his exchange of letters with Ickes on this subject ;ot into the batch, and'appeared in book. plaint to 'Hoover Dam' gives me nothing at all to cheer about. I should have been glad to point out Continued on Page Six. Sidelight* Pointing to civilizations of the past which disintegrated and disappeared --Egyptian, Assyrian, Phoenician, the old Roman, and to that of the Jews who have become scattered to all parts oÂ£ the world -- Rev. A. R. Mansberger of the Methodist Protestant Church warned that America may be headed the same way, in an address to the Rotary Club Thursday. He deplored the decay of the home lile, the surrender to materialism snd the disappearance of the family altar and expressed the fear that these are the things that will lead to a breakdown, just as did moral and spiritual decay in the civilizations of old. The minister's conviction is that the future of America lies in the home. It is the country's strength; if the home fails, all will fail. Home, said he, is becoming largely only a place to sleep. The children go to school in the morning after tno father is gone; they come home for the evening meal; that is the only lime they see Dad. They scatter otit again and are not together again until an- Stray Thoughts By S .U DeHUFF other evening, brief spell. and that lor Since two thirds of its lettering has been rusted off for years, the town didn't suffer any great loss when last Saturday night's gale blew that street sign from a house at the corner oÂ£ Race and Patterson. Monday's Baltimore Sun pictures several congress- " men, including our own, studying the operation of an army anti-aircraft gun at Fort Story, Va., as if they knew what it was all about. A soft drink delivery truck and a big moving van gave the old town a real traffic jam Monday noon, all the way from Brimstone Corner to Apple, in Pittsburg street. To that list of forgotten folks, may as well add James M. Cox and John W. Davis, Democrat candidates for President in 1820 and '24 respectively. I'm anxiously waiting to see if a new clothesline support holds up under a Monday washday strain. A much appreciated postcard dated Everson and signed "Amelia," reads: "'Stray Thoughts' fill a definite place in the- present scheme of things and I must hand it to you for exerting a good influence among the people who read your cohimn daily." It either John Lewis or William Green has to sacrifice any of his salary, or sublimity, Mr. Roosevelt's commendable effort to reconcile them will be in vain. Do perfectly sober automobile drivers ever have accidents? The old practice of inaugurating 0. S. presidents on this I HW out a date went out of style just four years ago today. Let's go to press. Rev. Mansberger's solution oÂ£ the problem of getting back to . betrer days is: "Take a firmer hold on God." Continuing its drive against tuberculosis, the Latvian government's ministry of welfare has started an anti-kissing campaign. Posters distributed throughout Latvia carry the inscription: "Do not let yourself be kissed; do not kiss another's hand." The effort may prove difficult because hand-kissing has been a Latvian social rite for centuries. investors dumped securities. We had j follow the World War pattern, would a minor panic. prove bullish on American business? Play Up Own Troubles. As a result, the sharp business recovery which started in June 1938 and carried on through July and August was almost snuffed out. It was Naturally, I' do not want war. There is no quicker way to get into one, however, than to talk war, eat well into mid-October before people, wari an d jj v e wnr . rphat is why I stopped shaking and trembling over the straw war built up by hysterical radio commentators and frenzied press dispatches The American pubiic was fooled into thinking that the poker game going on in Europe I can remember the San Francisco I would end up in a reai war! earthquake and fire. The San Franciscans never have admitted that they had an earthquake, but they do concede they had a fire. It burned up most of the place. The verdict was: "How grand this is! Now we shall have an epoch of reconstruction! Look what industrial activity it will imply!" I lived in San Francisco a lew years later. The place then If the press services cm'd radio hate to see our people giving such a tremendous amount of attention to the European situation. That is why t dislike the constant dramatization of Hitler and Mussolini. There are "goings-on" in this country twice as dangerous to our liberty. These could bo blazoned on the front pages bulletins had played up the very and over the airwaves, it we must optimistic and encouraging domestic , scare ourselves to death, news of the moment, as prominently I am not a "Pollyanna" disciple. I as they played up their poker game, am not urging the press and the radio business would probably have gone to play down European news. I am on just as usual. In my thirty-Qve | asking only that our domestic news years' experience of business observ- j be dramatized and given just as much When death strikes, it doesn't matter where the victim is or what he's doing. Mary Scott, 15-year-old daughter of a Charleroi doctor, was having a swell time at a dance in the high school gym there when she told her partner, Robert Shipe, 17, "I feel dizzy." She fell to her knees and was pronounced dead when taken to the medical room of the school. She had been suffering with a heart condition. Monessen police have been busy in recent weeks, raiding disorderly houses. The strange part of it is that practically all of the women inmates claim Union town to be their home. We don't believe the countyseat cares much for its "publicity." DAVIDSON'S Out for something NEW -- something different this Spnng? Come to Davidson's . . . rejoice in our young, "pretty" fashions! Swirl Prints 7.95 Â·Meet Me Davidson's" municipally proverty-stricken. Why? Why, suppose 'an individual conserves his resources for a long time. And then suppose he has his savings chucked into an earthquake and a cook stove and sees them shaken down and burned up! Is he going to be better or worse off, in the interest of compelling him to start in again and re-create them. Ditto a municipality or a country or a world! So far as the world war's concerned, we'd have got the back-wash anyway, even if we hadn't gone into it. Woodrow .Wilson couldn't have helped it. He couldn't have kept us out of collateral complications. President Hoover couldn't have prevented our involvement--to employ an ungrammatical term--in its after- complications. And President Roosevelt has plenty of left-over problems to deal with. They'd supposed to re- -latejexclusively to this country's own internal development. They do, m ing, I cannot recall a situation which was more over-played and over- was emphasized than last September's war scare! Public Gcltins Jittery. Now, it looks like a repetition of the Czech crisis could easily be reenacted. Today's news is filled with war rumors. Every move the dictators make it analyzed and dramatized. The columnists are all broiled up over the U. S. armament plans and foreign policy. The public is getting jittery. Business men arc holding up their orders. Uncertainty is gaining the upperhand. "I'm going to see what Hitler does next before I buy anything" is the typical comment of the day. Yet the foreign situation has not changed. Everyone knows that Hitler intends to push on toward the East and that Germany and Russia some day may struggle in a real war. -Mussolini should be paid either by cash or otherwise for his good work in Spain. England and France, however, are in no danger oE a conflic- part, but in part they're international. I now than th'ey were a year ago or three years ago. Domestic Business Sound. Moreover, the domestic business situation is sound. There has been no change in the basic picture since two months ago. At that time 1 outlined the reasons why business should be better :n 1939 than in 1938. I see no reason yet to change my forecast even though business is running slightly lower than in mid-December. However, I expect that we will have a sharp improvement this spring. , Why should we worry about hostilities in Europe? As I pointed out last fall, the World War pushed American business to undreamed of aeig.lts. It is Hue thnt the first out- . Factographs . -_ Norway has compulsoiy health in^- . - ance. Six-tenths of the cost is paid by the worker, one-tenth by the employer, and the other three-tenths by the government. A life insurance company reports the lowest death date and best life expectancy in its history among its policy holders in 1938, The dahlia flower was named after j the Swedish botanist Dahl. humnn intetest as the "hot" stories from Europe. There is plenty of good news coming out from industry, from laboratories, from churches,--yes, even from Washington--to provide an antidote for the unpleasant dispatches from abroad. I know Europe and I urge readers to forget it for this spring at least. Tend to your business and your job. Now is a chance to make some money while the other fellow is trying to hnd out where "Ruthenia" is on the map! Readers will remember that I gave them the light steer last September. Now here is another opportunity for those with courage! THE WORRIER When BiH got down to ivor.ying He did It u.lthout hurrying. He worried with a vengeance and albo a fare-ye-xvell; DM Bill could lake a bit ot doubt And really tear its innards out The way a squirrel strips a nut entirely from the shell. When Bill got thinking fearfully He always did it tearfully, Some'Jmei you'd think the little ducts within his cheek had bUTSt. When Bill got saying times \vere bad Nobody living ever had A Glurnmier point of view from which to stand and view the wors".. When Blii got down to groaning He coujd beat the world at moaning He could look like dire disaster without uttering a word. Ele could warn you and beware you In a ghastly way to scare you. And we'd all be lost this minute if his le.irs had once occurred. HE IHUITE TO BSH1K HERE and daughter both will find this bank's services very helpful. A checking account is particularly appreciated by busy women, while a thrift account is a valuable aid in building a reserve fund. We have other services designed to meet your needs. Won't you come in and let us tell you about them? ConneBlsvslSe Pa. Jlcmber Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.