The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on February 28, 1930 · Page 12
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The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 12

Connellsville, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Friday, February 28, 1930
Page 12
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PAGE TWELVE. DAiJUY C O U R 1 K H , C(irVi\ i'A. F R I D A Y , Y 2$, 1030. TRACE ORE BEDS TO VOLCANOES SnUines* of the; Sea Derived From Same .'Source, According to Scientist. Washington. -- \VTieru have the world's ore deposit i coute from--deposit* t h n t have ph en man tools ami Instruments nnd n n t e r t n l s to make possible the eomplf,; civilization of to- r l n y ? Why Is t h e sea. so salty---ranch saltier than It would bf If only the rivers contributed Halt-making materials? These nnd other problems, Interest- li'S a l i k e to the m a n In the street and it- t h e rrmn in the laboratory, and nev- f satisfactorily solved, have heen h - o u g h t much closer to solution by Dr. I-'. ('.. 7irs of Washington n« a result o,' his observations ;n the famous Alas- k i n voicnnio area called the "Valley o,' Ten Thousnrif! Smokes," discovered h v a N a t i o n a l l»eo?ruplilc society ei- r r d i t l o n in 10lfi. Doctor Zies, cheirlst of the geogrnph- Hil Inhoratory of the Carnegie insti- t u t i o n of Washington, WHS a member of the stnfT of scipntiirts who made up f-nf of ihf society'ii expeditions to the Milley. I l i a work has Just hern pub- I shed In n t e c h n i c a l paper oC the National Opngr.'ipliic society. Became Seething inferno. The o.".plosive eription in the Valley of Ten Thnnwind Smoires took pliice in 1912 nnd ]rwMi«d t h e eruption of ·lenrby Mt. K n t m n l by only a short "iim\ As n result of t h i s activity, the 'nlley* a soothing Inferno of M i p e r h w i f e d steam nnd chemical vapors b u r s t i n g from ..-ouniless cracks and srrun*. In no p l n r f t In the world, during t h e relatively- short iifo of mod- «nt science, snyf. Doctor Zips, has tliore )»'fn an opportunity, on such a i n rye scale and on srnch an Intensive ; :I.MS b o t h as to hent and cliernlcai nc- l i v i t y . to s t u d y the effects of volcanic nction on rucka nnd minerals, and on DIP roakf-;i[) ot t ic atmosphere. When Doctor 7ies was In the valley some of the futm-.rolcs--the vents for the steam nnd other vupors--hsd cooled to a l i t t l e less than the boiling temperature of^er, while others were giving off pises nt 1.200 degrees Fahrenheit. The steam from some of tlios(' vents was s- hot t h a t sticks hold In the v a p o r for a moment would burst into flnme 'vhen withdrawn. Mixed with tho steam were found t h r f e very active L-hemicnls in the form of hot Rases; hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, ant! hydrogen sulphide. Tim heat which melted rucka far below the earth's mirface. at the same time turned into guses the minute n m o u n t of various metallic constituent* in the roek;t. Theae gases were swept upward by she escaping steam and acid vapors. In addition, the hot, metal-hungry acM gases attacked tiny- hits of metal-forming substances scattered In the rocks through which they piissed nearer to the surface. As a result, these metals were pmsiflrd and swept along- wltii the other R-RSOS to- vnrd the earth's surface. These ncid and metal-laden vapors also materially altered the rocks through which they passed, especially the porous Up M e t a l l i c Burdens. YVhil« ';ho i-sciipint; cases were still very hot they give up their metallic burdens upon striking the tower tera- ' perutaren and lefsened pressures of the ! open air. Tbe.M; transported metals I were deposited within the crncks and fissures throug'i which the pases rashed. One of the most a b u n d a n t deposits from the gases consisted of i magnetite, n bla-k oxide of Iron. This mibstunec -was deposited In the form of cryattala growing one upon n n o t h - ! er. In come of the larger vents, the j deposit! reached a foot In thickness. Other metallic substances were deposited with tin- magnetite. It could j be shown t h a t *!nc nncl mangnneae ·were actually Inside the magnetite molecules while lead mid copper were deposited In combination with sulphur on tlje snrfaees of the magnetite crys- uic ore deposits BT- much more likely to be l.ild down. Tim saltiness of th* 1 s a Is, In pflft, directly related to volcn; Ic action, ac- j cording to data based b Doctor Zlcs on his observations In tiie valley. It haa been known for time, an a result of analyses oC rlvf r waters, that stream* flowing Into th ) sen do not carry enough chlorine to combine with all the Bodlum carried. The combination of chlorine and s o d r m Is ordinary table salt.) On tho ot ier h a n d sea water contains more t h a n enough chlorine to combine- w l - h tho sodium present. The sen is th refore saltier than it would be I f only the rivers xmtr1butpd thf salt m- king ingredients. C h l o r i n e Washed nto Sea. ~ Doclur '/APR found tt nt the fuma- roles of tho Vnlley of Ten Thouwuul Smokes were e m i t t i n g i n t o tho nlr vast amounts of hydrochloric acid, lie estimated t h n t in one ear a million nnd a quarter tons of the ncid were given out In gaseonsi t Tin from this single volcanic arm, n rl hpcame diffused In the h i g h e r atmosphere. Eventually the acid ^ washed from the nlr by raindrops, si id ns npproxl- mnti-ly t h r e e - f o u r t h s of t h e enrth's vain falls directly i n t o ti e ECU, largtt amounts of chlorine thi.s enter the sea independently of flint ?ontribnted by river water. The \ alley of Ten Thousand Smokes, wh1 -h Is only on» of the many volcanic nrsns of the p n r t h . Itself snpplles r 10 pw cent of t h e chlorine "needed ofl ! year to combine w i t h the sodium r r the river waters. Doctor 7.1es estli-intes. He believe*, therefore, t h n t ' h e avernjre annual n m o u n t of chlnrine trivon off by (ill volcanic nreas Is -nsiiy sufficient to keep t h e Mltlness of the sea up to Its present level Less striking, h«t t ;?rpnt Importance to chomif.)^ jmcl geolonlsts, nre Doctor Zies' findings i ^snrdlng hydrofluoric field, which is also given off In considerable qnnnt! IP? tiy the vnl- ley ftimnrolos. This If the ncid which etches K'iiss. Accord ng to his estimates about l."0,000 to-is of the hydrofluoric acid emitted by the -»nlley fnru- nrolps are washed by rain directly Into tho sea each year. It Is shown t h a t In turn groat nmount; of fluorine ara removed from the sea t h r o u g h its util- l7.nt!on by son crpainr**. and t h a t add i t i o n a l l l u n r i n e I» p.-eelpitated w i t h sedimentary rocks. T ms a lar^e part of the fluorine contrll nted to the sen by rolcisnoes is u l t i m a ; e l y "locked up" In rocky deposits. Spectroscope Ferrett d Out Secret*. One InterestinK a.« nect of Doctor 7ies' work was the ;nalysis of FRIT.- pies of lava that wer.» ejected durlnt: the explosive eriipf!oi of Mt. Katmai nnd the Valley of Ten Thon«nnd Smokes In J u n o , 1SH2 This rock r«P- resents the material t ir below the surface from which the fumarollc gnscs -oni«. It wns analjied so as to further check the sou re · of the metallic substances deposited on the walls of tho funmroleo. The metals were d' finitely shown to he present In the roclrs but the RDbounts were so smMl that they were not detectable by ordinary menng, nnd n special analytical rroeedare had to be developed. Doct' r Zles first concentrated the metalll · substances with chemicals, nnd then successfully analyzed the ooncentriites by means of the spectroscope. r J hus wna written another of the many romances of science; the same mi grlcal Instrument which has succe.ssfi'lly reached millions of miles Into t h heaven* and disclosed the make-up f stars, was used to ferret out by its 'ell-tule lines anct shadows the secrets locked up by \a- ture in the bowels o ' the earth. MOTHER OARES FLOOD TO LINE HER BABY'S CISKET Walks Mllas In Drenching R a i n to Securs Material for Child's Burial. Tfsnrkann, Texas.--Thfl ntory of ft mother wh would not permit her slx- yenr-old si-n to be burled In n barn box after ( n o drowned child hnd been fiali'Kd from n swollen stream, and who kept « forty-elfiht-honr vl^il hoslda the corpse until shrj could reach tho outside world to Ret nld, ims been Imred here by \frs. \V. T,. GrcRory w i t h the report of tho first death due to floods In Arkansas in 1980. The child lost his life on Thursday, but it wa;i the following Monday before the mother was able to crows overflow vaters of a bfi.von in n horaa- made skiff. .Alrlis, ./oungest of five etoUdr«a, asked If he miRht cross n footbrtdRfl over n sir n i l creek to cut some wood w i t h his n»w hatchet which Snnta Claus hnd bronpht, nnd the .mother nsreed. The no :t morning the boily of tha child was found in fire foot of water near tho footbridge, from which hs apparently hnd fallen as he started t« return home. The f a t h e r , who han heen confined to his be-i by illness for most, of the last three ynnrs, collected scrap lnmb*r ntKiut th" house and constructed a enide caiiket. Us Insisted that tha child be buried on n spot nf-nr the homo, since flood waters prevented them ren-hing an undertaker nnd the cemetery. The mother declared that she would not let her hnby be burled in an unlined box. Her brother, Henry Lollln, set to work and constnic-ted a erndff skiff In which he ferried the raotrrer across t i e swollen bayou to She raO- ro«d trn-hs. After ^i'alklng five miles In a drenching rain late Sunday, Mr*. Qnegory reached the highway and begged a rid« Into Te-carkana. Early Monday she told her utory to charity officials, and fisked that they Rive her whfta Hn«n with wlilch to line tho home-mad* caflket for her little son. Provided with the material and spurning offers of further aid, tha mother was taken back to the vicinity of her hoirm, and then reeronspd tha bayou waters to h«r dead child. After lining tl e box nncl preparing the child 'or burial RJI host she could, she and her brother placed the ciisket on tho crude s k i f T ami Crossed the bayou onea more. Then to the cp.metory they trekked, and held simple burial services. Thus the hot. acid steam given off by volcanoes and by lava flows and Intrusions plays an Important part In tho collection, transfer, Initial concentration, and deposition of metallic ores. Tb» deposition of this type of mla- »ral compound;; accumulated nt the mouth* of tho furnnroles so long as ,tbe temperaturo of the vapors remained nhove t'io boiling point of wa- I«r. But as soon RS the escaping vnp- £rs tell below this point, so t h a t the Bteam condense 1 into water, a second irtep in ore-formation took place. The- add waters immediately attacked the gaa-fonnsd deposits, and dissolved them. From these solutions sulphides ·were formed ty notion of hydrogen OTlphlde KHR, Tt IB significant that many of tha world's economic ore de- potrfts are in tha form of sulphides. l«fo ore depo.'dt of economic Importance Js likely to be formed ».t the irurfac* from the slowly eoollnj; lava that is bellevtxl to lie under thi; Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes, owing to the fact thnt erosion of the swift Ktrenms In th« rmlley can carry off the reaction produirts. The valley depos Its are, howaver, slgnlncnnt. because ·Nntur* has th«i-e actually provided her students with a laboratory in which the various steps of ore deposition can b« studied. It Is Doctor Xies' opinion that tb-! hearth or feeder channels of an Inactive rolcano, well below th« earth'* warface, where solutions will not l« washed sway by surface arainag*, tr« the locatlonri Stockholm Nefring 300,000 in Population Stockholm, Swel 't.--Th« populu- Uon of Stockholm [Tobnbly will surpass 500,000 in T9:j , according to a preliminary estliiial ; junt Issued by the city statistical i - u r c u u . Including the industrialized r u r a l districts around the city, i .-renter Stockholm now has 6.'{,0,fXXJ In) 'ibltfints, or nlxnit 10 per cent of the v, hole population of Sweden. Is'enr the · apltal a new type of suburb recently I ns ?rown up--the garden city w i t h benutiful prlynte villas and bunguiov s. Boy Bored by *lay I* Hustled to Hospital Boston. -- Apparea ly In n coma, John Flavin, nineteen years old, was taken from a local thoal T and hurried to CJty hospital. Vh ; slciaris, after examination, announc d the patient was suffering from not i!ng more serious than boredom. "The show was iwful," Flavki BJC- plalned, "nnd T t imply fell asleep. Somebody thought I'd fainted." Voice Unite* Father, Son After 18 Years Mlnot, N. D.--Fato re-unltcd a father and si n here recently when Joseph G« vett, an oil station employee, recognized the voice of his fatl er after a separation of elghte n years. The elder Go vett, a missionary, was en route to Michigan from the Pacific, where he hftd attended a convention, walking both w tys. Stopping at the oil station where his son v as employed ho nivked the attei dan.t for directions, As the o;der man turned t! leave the so;i recognized hi* riice nnd a.fter a few question* their identity vns established. Odd House of Glass Will Rise in Gotham New "fork.--A glass house soon win rise at raeventh street and Second avenue, if residents of that vicinity can be persuaded to be neighborly and refrain from throwing stones. Frank Lloyd Wright, whose farao as an architect rests on so popular an Innovation as the American btinpn- low, hss just: announced plans for an 18-story apartment building that will be jusr one big window after another. Thore will be bnrely anouRh t concrete In the structure to hold the henvy plate glass walls together. Whit-} Wright admits his project Is still In the experimental sttiRe In re-j gard to some of its features, h« Is so i confident t h n t he plans to rrect f o u r ' of the structures. T*iey Interest him, ; not. on y as architectural innovations, '' but as a means ultlmntfily yf wilviiiK 1 the pr-iblera of where large cities are going o get their sunlight. ! Construction will be simple, for fill ; the we irk can be done in a shop except for the pouring of concrete I n t o i the in'ilds thiit w i l l hold the Klnss to- ; gether Thus Wi-Ifiht c»n sit In his '· office nntl watch workmen cast the ! henvy plate gloss walls, section by section. He hopes to have soir.e of the walls tlnled and It Is nnt Imnoy.HlHe Uint j e v e n t u n l l y the houses win hear scrolls i and l u l n l d glass similar to t h e desiRns t h a t i ppeared on whlfllty bottles he- fore prohibition. Temperamental opera fingers can find n haven la Wright's apartment houses, for, If they want mauve walls and nasturtium cell- Ings, the workmen can accommodate them merely by throwing a handfCil of coloring matter Into the molten glass, The special glass that w i l l be used Is »all to admit the ultra-violet rays of t h p sun, so a housewife w i l l he able to get u. pood tan while pushing the vacuum cleaner. Wright also points out thnt the glass buildings will allow more sunlight to (liter into streets. 1928 Model CHEVROLET COACH .llolivr pcrff ct Pull I and n p h n l s t c r - 1iii' I l k o n-«. So it with "an OK that count.'." Srxx al Sale Prk« s2!5O Here is a bargain event without parallel in ths history of this community! This great spring clearance «Je brings to bargain seekers a once-in-a-lifetirae opportunity to secure famous used cars "with an OK that counts" at savings that will be long remembered. Due to the tremendous popularity of the New Chevrolet Six, we have an unusually large stock of fine ttsed cars. To clear our stock quickly, we offer these splendid cars at low sale prices that are nothing leas thau sensational. Buy a car during this sale at man? dollars below its normal price! Look to the red "OK that counts" tag as proof of its quality and dependability. This tag signifies that the car has been thoroughly reconditioned. Be sure to attend this sale early. Choice of Four and Six Cylinder Cars 1029 CHEVROLET COUPE -- u fiix cylinder motor with lota of power arid speed. Driven 0,000 miles. Now priced at. - $450 in::o cuKvnoLisr COACH -- plenty of room for ilvo paHsong-ers. This car Is f u l l y equipped. A b;ir"i\in nt. . , , i i.'j %.-fi i i .^ $4213 3 U i 7 STAR C O U P K -- H e r o is a rt-al car lYj i 1 any k i n d of d r i v i n g . Ciood t i n - s . 1) ive it y o u r s e l f . F t - d u c c d to -..- H-25 BUICK. S E D A N -- T h i s will r a a k e rt jrood f a m i l y car. In oxcclletil condi- L i ) n . Will let. it g,, for 10^7 r O R D COUPES--two of them. Just. rradov" in on Chcvrok't^, Both are in x c o ! l f - n i condition. (C1 ^l'!-C S p e c i i i i at ePlOJ i:'25 CHEVROLET TOIJUIXO CAJi---A f i n ? car to drivi 3 to w o r k . Hus t i r o s . Kpocin!l\ f u r r| l i c k Hi'iic -·-. $50 BUY "OB" USED CARS FROM A CHEVROLET DEALER MASON MOTOR CO. 127 West A p p e Street. Phone 105. Connellsville, Pa. Polish Minister"s "Wi e Olympic Chaiap 1"28 May Forecast Dictator's Overthroiv Poiron Gas Holds No Terror for Chinese I-iordon.--Poison gas holds no terrors for the Chines* soldier. He has discovered an infnlllble antidote--the blood of a monkey ! v This was disclosed recently in n dispatch frorn Pelptng, which stntes tliHt during the early stages of the Slno- Bus» conflict In Manchuria, the Chinese generals boasted that their soldiers were imrnnne from poison gas. When questioned, they said they klllec; n monk«y, took some of its fresh blood nnd sraenred it upon each inauY, upper Up--aud then the gas did not harm a man. Tha statement Is confirmed by a military attache of the American le- gatioa Js Helping, who said he wns told the snme tiling by a former Chinese officer of high intelligence and foreign education. Satisfied That is the expression we hea · from hundred:-: who use our Classified Columns. Tbe cosit 3 intnloratu and the rosults big. Use oitr Classitied Coluuios. Be one of our Customers Madame Halfne Matusucwslt i, nan Konopacka, vife of the 'ronch Minister to Poland, was tb ; out- Btanding female athJeto of 'Vance in 1928. She U remember id (ot her brilliant winning, of the discus throw in tha Olympics of 1 (28 at 'Amsterdam. Holland Nations renounce poison ,'as and then keep '') wsjierlnientlng n order to be ready in caws tc-niptjuk i should overcoms th -n. ;Has the passing of the Iron Mem of Spain shaken ,the foundations under the other minor Napoleons pr is th« effacement of the Spanish military leader without much significance beyond the country's frontiers? It ia £-encrally agreed that Do Kivara'a eel pse will rot havn Bcrioua effects in the oUior cot ntries under the mlc of dictators. Above nw» pictured some of the leading dictators of Europa, born as an after effect of the World War. M I L U - A - M J N U ' J E 3IAHTY --BY-- Weriheinu r Motor Co., \V. Crawford Avenue. vytL.u, POLLY- f\ N ^ I K ALL. SET F ra O H W B U L , - | ' r ^ N O T Jo MOST D I N N E R S U I T B V f i t t OIMI.V T H 1 N O i C»-OT PST WERTHIIIHER MOTOJl CO. Coach 192$ Kss Conpn $450 $450 t i - i-ar.s wi 1 sen l i a v c m - v e r niaB- ( j u o r t i d o i f ; I H ;i n y l i.inp,-. els*' hi if j u s i \vh;i.i UIP.V ai'c T h a i ' s ho-.v \vn b u i l t up U i l f r c p u i a i i o n ' . 10^7 i l i H l B o n ' o a e h Hrotiehai.n $275 $550

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