The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on February 15, 1938 · Page 4
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February 15, 1938

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Tuesday, February 15, 1938
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PAGE FOXJK. THE DAILY COURIER, CONNELLSVIIJUE, PA. TUESDAY, FEBKXJARY 15, 1935. latlg EHE COURIER COMPANY . Tames J. Dnscoll R. A. Donesan Walter S. Stlmmel James M, DrUcoll I. Wylio Drkcoll Publisher __ President and General Manager ______ Secretary and Treasurer I Editor Associate Editor . Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER O? Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press nnd International News Scryice SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or S2 SO for six months by mail if paid in advance. Entered as second class matter at the Postofflcc, Conncllsville. Pa. What's What At a Glance TUESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY, 15, 1838. EEGAL JOUBKAIi NOT JUSTIFIED A special meeting of the Payotte County Bar Association has been called for tomorrow afternoon at the Courthouse In Unlontown to consider publication ot a legal journal. _ Notices sent to the members set forth the meeting has been called "at the request oJ the Judges ot our courts, in order to-ascertain the views of the association relative to the desirability of the courts granting a petition which has been presented, asking for a change m the rules of the court to require legal advertisements to be published in the Fayettef Law" Journal." Inasmuch as such a requirement would mean substantial and direct increase In fees and costs to litigant^ in court actions there is a general feeling outside tho legal fraternity that the publication of such a journal is uncalled for, especially at a time of depression, -with a third of the county population on relief. The Uniontown Herald sums the matter up thus: "Careful and painstaking attention undoubtedly will bo given by the members of Fayette county's courts before authorization is judicially given for a Fayette County Legal Journal. "The members of our courts have shown a most commendable consideration for the financial problems of the litigants in the courts. In many ways they have acted to save all litigants unnecessary expenses and worries "Publication of a'legal journal, however. In' the final analysis, adds another set of fees to these litigants. "Under legislative enactment notice by publication is required of sheriff's sales, treasurer's sales, divorce notices and'bther legal proceedings. Of course these costs are borne by th'e'Individuals Involved"" Th"e law "requires that these notices be inserted in publications of general circulation. Numbef and time of such insertions is specified. . "Under another law, where a legal journal Is Judicially approved by the courts of the county involved, it is required that all'such notices be published in the "legal journal in * addition to" publications^!-general circulation. The legal ^ journal thus.wpuld^equire,ari additional publication adding * justthatmuch, to*the'costs borne by the litigants'. ~z "Obviously'thTTtrefuPshould be to reduce lather than _ increase such-costs^ .The local-courts in the past ha\e * demonstrated that judicial-philosophy. It v,ould seem that * this policy would eliminate.this extra- burden-* upon the * litigants. Especially is this~true~-when- no real-need is apparent for such a publication." "Insofar as the newspapers are concerned they would not be affected through loss of such publications. A legal journal would mean an additional required publication of all legal notices." Today in Washington By DAVID LAWRENCE Your Income Tax VETERANS CRUSADE AGAIXSX BOND Two happenings over the week-end involving the German-American Bund served to call attention to that organization and question its objectives. At Reading the Sons of the American Revolution started a. campaign to ban a proposed summer camp of the bund in Berks county. The movement \\as said to ha\e the "hearty approval" of former Governor John S. Fisher, president of the State S. A. R. ' At Buffalo, N. Y., war veterans were enlisted in an anti-bund drive on the grounds that it is sympathetic with the Nazi regime .in Germany and not only contrary but op- posed'to American ideals. A bund meeting there, attended by 150 war veterans, broke up in a riot. It was the third meeting disrupted by veterans within the week in Now York. What should be determined Is whether the organization is pro-Nazi. If it is no criticism by Americans can attach to the veterans. Nazism is decidedly contrary to American principles. By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist WASHINGTON, D C, Fcb 15.-Lined up threateningly against one another, we read every day or ottcner, arc the world's big democracies versus world's big despotisms. Democracies. The United States, Britain and France. Despotisms. Germany, Italy nnd Japan Threc-to-thrcc--a tic' OI course, it is not really a tic, for the democratic group is tremendously more potential than despotism's. Still, it is a numerical tie. Moreover, the despotic trio IB equal to making a lot of trouble. NOT EMPHASIZED All this is common newspaper talk It is not so frequently emphasized, however, what B perfectly enormous casting vote is outstanding between democracy and despotism Russia's vote' On the face ot everything, H should be a despotic vote Paradoxically, it is democratic BROUGHT OUT IN tECTURE This peculiar contradiction recently was brought out by Professor Edwin Borchard of the Yale law school, in « "Bronson Cutting Memorial lecture' at Constitution hall, in Washington. H is, indeed, obvious that the Soviets must be on the present side of the democratic powers, because Japan and Germany, at least, if not Italy, so manifestly are their enemies. Regardless of their political sympathies, the Soviet interests ot today clearly arc with the democratic alignment. But, strange to iclatc, Russia generally has been Internationally democratic PRIOR TO WORLD WAR Professor Borchard points out that the Muscovites were \\ith the deiro- cratic group at the beginning of the World War. Autocratic Austria tried io bulldoze the somewhat uncivilized but relatively democratic Balkans. The democratic nations objected There was more to it than that, to be sure, but that \sas how the row Ktar*«t --democracy resisting the spread of despotism And Russia was v-th the djm'V- cratic aggregation I d'l'.lit that it was with an overly good "iriotl\e. but it Mas on the democrat! side, anyway. IN CIVIL WAR DAYS That \MI« not the ftnt time, «ther Go back a much longer while--to American Civil war days' I do not want to start a controversy with any 'outhcm reidcr by intimating that the north vai on the democratic and that Dixieland was on the despotic sid* of that rumpus Nc\ crthelcss, it n of record that Britain fi\orcd a ur* ot the "states ' It v as a situation 'n which the Brills'! were, not exactly pro-despotic, jrt certainly they chortled at the projpect of the disintegration ol this particular dem- ociacy. In the circumstance* majbe it was natural for them to do « Here again Rtu^ln lent iild to the preservation of democratic principle* KUhSWS AID TO V S The British did more trun chortle In Dixie's behalf, they did 11 deal of blockade running The north WASHINGTON, Fcb 15--Conditions of world trade have such an important bearing on whether the United States is to get added impetus Few subjects arc surrounded more deep-seated prejudices for economic recovery through increased exchanges of goods between ouiselvcs and foreign countries that an elimination of the trend ot this particular time becomes pertinent. ·vith and more controversy than the present method of increasing world trade through icclprocity agreements but at the same time It may be laid that the two conflicting theories/ as to what should be our national policy often are burled in a mass of figures from which differing conclusions are drawn. The contention ot the high tariff or isolationist school at present is that because the physical volume of woi id trade by the middle of 1037 had for 75 countries gotten back to the high peace-time levels of 1D20 the state propoitlon of the populat-on ns in 1920 (using the 1936 rdte of output pci woikci) \ve would have had In 1936 increase of 20 pci cent in the combined production of all manufacturing industries The enlargement of export marKets for the United States is., thcrcfoic, one means of stimulating domestic production and employment in the important export branches ot Industry and agiiculturc.' Since the productive capacity of these parts of agriculture and industry which are on an e\porl basis are not at ptoscnt fully utilized, an incrcusc of cxpoits is held by Scctctary Hull to moan an increase In domestic employment and incomes To make possible such an Increase of exports, it is the governments policy here to increase the purthns- ing power of foreigners by reducing excessive tariff duties that now limit or shut out their buying Increased efficiency anrl lower prices withlr the of our own foreign trado is so satis- United States are of course, expected factory that tariffs should not be to increase the purchasing powct of touched Attention is drawn by them to the fact that gold values should not be a yardstick o£ measurement but the actual quantities of goods passing each year to and from our ports should be considered paramount Using quantity as a basis for computation, it is agreed that our imports are slightly higher than 1028 already and our exports are about 24 per cent below the level of that same year. The answer of the cooperationist school of thought, headed by Secretary Cordcil Hull, is that even though one disregards the gold value of our trade which In 1037 was 21 per cent below the 1021 level, the conditions of world trade arc far from satisfactory en a quantity basis, too. The Secretary's main argument Is that recovery In world trade has not kept pace with the increase in world DAIRY FAttaTERS GOESG 21ACES Industrial News Keview points out an aggresshe co-- operation taking-place in NewTork state. Nearly'100 co- 1" operatives^, representing 50,000 dairy farmers, are now :. \vorWng-_under~the' recently enacted Rogers-Allen law, 7 which authorizes .selling.cooperatives to carry_on certain - activities essential to serving their membership. -'- The cooperatives!:problem is tolstamlize the price of ~ milk at a reasonable level. In Pennsylvania that is being "~ accomplished by the milk-few enacted by the last Legisla- - r tore, whlUcjirovldes^or fixing the price we shall pay-- In . £ New^Tprk ehe cooperative movement means a level that E will bcingjffair return to-the_jfarmer, but not a level that ^ gouges the consumer for~every"cent possible. And even a ~ large percentage -rise in the return to the farmer does not ~ necessarily mean" that there must be a comparable rise In j; the price charged, the consumer. Better distribution - methods^andgtvfairer allocation of tho profits to those ln- _ 2 volvcd ll the-answer. - Now Yorirdairy farmers seem to be going places ^ have learned tfiai cooperation is the best assel.- They came pretty close to going to war with them over it In the midst ot the muss cznrist Russia sent A big cruUer licet to northern American waters--most conspicuously at a friendly gesture to the north and .is n plain hint to Britain to keep out of New World democracy's little internal quarrel. Or else'-AND NAPOLEON-Still farther back' Napoleon was a wojld-bc despot --assuredly as much so as Hitler or Mussolini The democratic peoples thought so, anyway. Russia cracked HIS back. production. In 1938 for example, world industrial production excluding Russia, was only 3 7 per cent below the 192 level yet the quantity of world trade in manufactures was 5 '1 25 below the level of 1829. While world production In 1036 was at the sane level as 1928, the quantity of world trade In r»w materials was 4 5 per cent below 1929 Foodstuffs show cd an Increase of 4 8 In world production but the quantity of u orld trade in foodstuffs rnnainrd 14 5 per cent below the 1920 level. The same trend was maintained in 1937 for which complete records arc not yet available but it is shown from Incomplete figures that the greatest recovery In the quantity of world trade has occurred In rnw m»tc-l«» Manufactured goods in world trade on the other hand, showed the greatest lig behind production /Food- itufTs, too, (re not advancing in trade quantities to keep pace with world production Countries mainly dirpcndcnt on the export ot raw nuterUls have prospered. Recently howrver, ther* h»s been * sct-bacx in world prices which it is koptd m«y prove only temporary and if It do*s, the*/- raw material producing countries in the view of the reciprocity advocates, may bo expected to increase their purchases from Industrial countries «o that our own manufacturing In- dtutriei should benefit. Comparisons with 1920 u a goal of recovery, however, »r« conildertd fallacious by the sponsors of the Hull j polio, the principal contention now- being that since population and the our own people These tariff*; arc selected mostly from products that arc onl) remotely competitive with domestic piodutts Hence, it is insisted, that any reduction of (.m- ploymcnt or increase which may re- I suit in certain businesses in America from the i eduction of tariff duties is insignificant compared with the benefits resulting to nation-wide employment because of Increased production at home for export Naturally those businesses ' incidentally" nfTcctcd when trade as whole H onsidcrcd, (eel the pinch acutely ami are loudest in their protests So hey inevitably stir up the apprehensions of others not affected that their tiuv* will come next Mcanwhild readjustments and loss of income and employment ore occurring within our own borders because America's grcit productive powers are not fully utilized for export These same companies v\ hlch arc ' In- cldcnlallj" affected would make up at home losses suffered by tariff rc- NO. 20 Deduction For Taxes. Taxes on real estate and personal property paid during the ycat 1037 are deductible So-cillcd ttxts, which are assessed against local benefits, such as streets, sidewalks, dr linage, nnd other like Improvements, arc not deductible but arc to be capitalized, us they tend to Increase the value of the property and thus constitute cost of a permanent impiovcmenl The Federal income tax may bo deducted The tax on unjust enrichment--a Federal tax on income--is not deductible Income tax, however, paid to the State by an Individual on his Income Is an allowable deduction in his Federal incomc-tix return Unemployment compensation «.on- tubutions 1C officnlly classified as: taxcb arc deductible as taxes and not as business expenses Tho income tax imposed upon employees by section 801 of the Social Security Act may not be deducted by the employees But the excise Jaxcs mposcd upon employers by sections .04 and 901 of the Social Security \ct may be deducted by the employers. Also, if an employer pays he income tax on employes under cctlon 301, the amount may br do, ducted by the employer as an ordinary and necessary business expense and the employes are required to re- lort as additional income in thcl ,'cdoral income-tax returns tlv amounts of the tax 50 paid for them License fees exacted by a state o city upon certain businesses oro dc ductlblc as taxes Automobile llccns* fees arc ordinarily taxes and deduc tlblc Postage Is not a tax and is no deductible. In general, taxes arc de ductlblc only by the person upoi whom they arc imposed. Federal estate and gift taxes am state inheritance, estate, legacy, o s icccssion taxes arc not deductibl on Federal income-tax returns. Th Federal taxes on automobiles, gaso line, cigarcts, and liquor arc impose ductlons were it not for the fact that the exchange of goods within the United Sattcs Is impaired duo to artificial barriers such as exccsslv prices, raw materials, undue labor costs, and arbitrarily Imposed taxes Clearly Ihe theory of reciprocal trad 1 agreements has had hard sledding against domi-stlc policies that hiv been antagonistic to its pro^rtw But this Is the same situation which prevails in other countries where the extreme nationalist* and Isolationists are combatting the cooperation!*! or intemntl3na] trade school so Air-erica is no cxtcpllon to the rule As Others Think THE JFFFKHSOK NICKEL (Now York llfrald-Trlbune.). During a cenerJitlon wo hive become nccuiitnmc/l to the buffalo nlckul, v/ltli the (grcnt, shaggy head ', the bull blison/on one Mdc and the rong proflli- of nn Indian chief Two Guns White Calf ot the Black- cet was the'principal model of the eslgnci, James Furl Krdscr) on the thcr--, thoroughly American con- cpt und one of our most beautiful oina No more of these will bu olned after February 21. There v/ll e a new nickel, the exact design to e decided by a $1,000 prize contest One side will show Montlcello, the ome of Thomas Jefferson, and the ther will show tho face of Jefferson ilmsclf. A charming Idea, shot hrough with colossal irony! The man who believed in so many he- ctical notions--the rights of the talcs, that It is better to have news- apers without government than gov- rnmcnt without newspapers, that the )est government is the one that ( gov- crns least, and so on--is being thus icnored by* an admlnstrntlon which, hough It docs lip service to the Sage and Founder, holds to an "Ideology" almost precisely contrary to his beliefs on all fronts Would it not be possible to have a nickel showing a WPA sign on the facade of Mon- :icello and the other side depicting Thomas grave? Jefferson turning in his upon the manufacturer, producer, or importer, and arc not deductible by the purchaser or consumer. Whcthei or not the gasoline tax or the sales tax levied by a state may b« deducted by the individual purchaser depends upon the terms of the state law im- pcsing the tax, consequently, the right to the deduction, as between purchaser and seller, varies in the different states. When a person is excited, his hair "stands on end" because fear causes the skin to contract. SAVE MONEY Men's Suits and Topcoats 49c ON DRY CLEANING Ladies' Dresses and Coats (plain) 49c 30S f o. Pittsburgh Street Opp. Cari,eg!o Library In the Day's News Brief Comment i/a Current Eicnti Hero and Ther* STATE JIBI-DBF 10A1) AX PEAK L JeennsylYanla'srreItcfcJoad~Teaaied the peak of two ~ yearsjaunng January,-·wl(.h_204,77Z"eaBeS'llsted on the rolls - at Harrlabuig. .Ihls represents GG3,S50.pcrsons \\lio should ^ te otherwise suppoVteJ depending on th«Tpublio coffers for - subsistoncs- ^The-report-showed a 42 per "cent rise over ", December an3 an Increase of more than 54,000 cases over the corresponding month of 1937. The cause--the "Industrial recession" which Congress should be taking active steps to remedy but which is relegated to secondary place on the legislative calendar. Seemingly the first reduction of the individual burden will come ' through the aid of Mather Nature when less fuel and less clothing will be necessary with the advance of spring TOO EAULY TOR SPRING While folks .is a rule enjoy days such as Sunday, v, ith Us springlike temperature and bright sunshine,' we'll all be better off next summer and next winter if Old Boreas returns for an extended stay. Early spring flowers are peep- Ing forth, seeds ^tilch dropped to the ground last fall are sprouting, sugar sap is running, buds are bursting, other signs of spring are manifest. It were better we had none of these in mid-February, for surely they'll all be nipped by Jack Frost. A discouraging result may be damage to the fruit crop m prospect for nett summer, with its consequent boost of the high cost of living. While we ha\e to take what Providence gives us, snow and ice now and for se\eral weeks to come will be to our advantage. An ex-slave, born in bondage and kept there until the Emancipation Proclamation was Issued, John Craig Dunbar Negro of S3 years, found real Joy In the celebration of Lincoln's BirthdajT- Perhaps he is the only person living in Fajette county who ever saw the martyred President. He saw him in Washington He regrets it was not his privilege to have shaken his hand rate ot output per worker ha\c !n- crcajcd »lnce 1929, it ii necessary that the total production nnd trade be Incrciird correspond nu!y in order to a\old larger and large unemployment. Thus, for Instance. It i» set forth by the U. S Bureau of Labor Statistics that U there had been employed In the United States In 1938 the samo worth v.hcn fire broke out In the w irehousc They formed a bucket brigade und confined the blaze to that building A Perryopolis boy, James Fair, 17, was a casualty. Jimmy was watchman Discovering the fire, he sounded the alarm nnd then attempted to stem the blaze with an extinguisher. He was burned TO severely that hospltaliiatlon was necessary at Somerset. The Second Big Week of Our 47th Birthday Anniversary Sale! Take Advantage of These Extra Special Values Meat Specials Smoked Picnic Shoulders, Ib. 15c Ground Ikei", 29c r,cnrt Boiling- Bed", 25c Slcnks, Kouiid or Loin, Ib, -- 25c Lamb Chops Trndtr, T-nty Ib. 20c Jumbo Bologna Nice for Lunches Ib. I5c Just when coal operators o£ the region were preparing to gam advantage there might be out of opeiatlon of the Gufley minimum price law along comes n Court of Appeals decision suspending the prices set by the Coal Commission for the railroads In offset the court might nbout os well hnve suspended those £or others It put the commission in the position of .having all its work to date called into question. Receivers of defunct banks around us pay dividends But none additional are forthcoming iicre The principal reason assigned is slow movement of real estate Meanwhile neighboring Somerfleld Is having cause for rejoicing over announcement of the fourth, and final payment of 14 7 per cent The sum, Receiver George H Smith announces, is S28000 It will make 867 per cent of the amount on deposit If \\e could be assured of that percentage hcio all would be well Investors in other lines suffered much more heavily because of the ycais of depression Unlontown has started a crusade against blcyllsU who ignore trnillc rules The edict has gone forth that machines of violators will be confiscated for five days It Is estimated there arc 1,200 owners at the county- seat A drive might well be started and kept in motion in Connellsv lile against riders who use the sidewalks. Too bid they are in danger on the streets, but thc arc a constant menace to pcdcstuans when tiding on sidewalks SEA FOODS RIGHT FROM THE BRINY DEEP Fish Fillets, 2 ft. 19c-Whiting Fish ib.Sc--Oysters PL 19c _ Bargains for Thrifty Housewives Gibbs Pork Beans, 6 cans 25c Spinach, large cans, 2 for 23c Sunrise Catsup, large bottle lOc Golden B. Corn, 3 large cans 25c Tomatoes, choice ripe 2 ens 15c Mustard, large jars, 2 for 25c can 19c--3 Ib. can 49c 3 large loaves 25c Civilum Conseivation Coip^ boys of Kooscr Camp, aloni; Route 31 this, hitc of BakcisviIIc, piovcd then ' GfcTTING HOME T1 good to cct back home again To pipe to slippers nnd to books' Tint cosy corner in my den How calm and stilt it looks! Three Js no malice whispering there. No noisy bickering of trade No laughter cruel and unfair About the blunders made Tis rood to get back home QRnin Worm-welcomed, from the town I To leave a \vcarying world of men. Up bound or slipping down The door swings open to a smile And shuts to fretful can. For all in life tint seems worth while Is hclo: securely there Tfs good to ffct back home again And drop tho robes of pride To pass the door of pence and then Lca\c blttcrncis outside Against the climor all day Ions For place nnd fnme ind thine* liov, restful ^cenn the cheery «onc The supper ketUr tines I Bulk Vinegar ... 19c Urine Your Om\ JIIR Mothers Joy Syrup 14c Gold Medal Flour, sack 95c Happy Baker Flour, sack 69c Tint Bottle Wheaties, 2 packages 23c Farmdale Milk, 4 tall cans 25c every egg guaranteed 2 dozen 45c Jumbo Size each 5c Turnips, '$ Hs. . . . lOc Yellow Sweet Potatoes, 8 Ills. . 10c Fancy AVhlto I'arsulps, Hi. _ _ . 5c ge size linnnnns, 5c Hocts and Carrots, hunch _ _ _ _ _ _ _ , 5c Gnrlic, Hi. _ lOc LETTUCE, large head 5c ASCO OFFERS YOU PROMPT DELIVERY SERVICE ^^^

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