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PAGE FOUR. THE DAIUY COURIER, CONNELLSVILLE, PA. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 2S, 1939. / iatlg Qhmtfcr THE HOUSE OF LORDS, AND THE HOUSE OF COMMONS! THE COURIER COMPANY lames J. Driscoll ._ 3. A. Doncgan Walter S. Stimuiel fames M. Driscoll . J. Wylie Driscoll .-- Publishers President and General Manager Secretary and Treasuier Editor Associate Editor , Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF_- . _ _ . _ . _ . . _ _ _ - Â· Audit Bureau of Circulations ~~ Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. ';/ Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES - , Â· Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 lor six months by mail if paid in advance; 12 cents per-week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at'the Fos'tofSce, Connellsville, Pa. Â· "; TUESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 38. 1939 SUPREME COURT OUTLAWS S1TDOWX . ' Tn effect, the Supreme Court has signed the death warrant of the sitdo\vn strike. The supreme tribunal, in overruling an -order of the.. National Labor Relations Board compelling reinstatement of sitdowners discharged by the Fansteel Metallurgical Corporation at its North Chicago plant, declared that the corporation is under no such obligation. The opinion, written by Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes, contained this clause: "The important point is that the respondent (Fanslecl) stood absolved by the conduct of those engaged in the sit- down from any duty to reemploy them." The Chief Justice denounced the sitdown as "illegal in its inception and prosecution." With the employer empowered by the highest court in the land to discharge participants in this form oÂ£ strike, there will probably be no more of it. While the radicals may dare to risk their jobs thereby, cooler heads will not countenance it as a union policy. Fansteel had refused to reemploy GO men who were involved in 'the 1937 strike which ended in violence when they -were evicted by officers. The Labor Board, contending the strike was the result of unfair labor practices, ordered the men restored to their jobs. Justice Hughes, admitting the unfair practice charge, pointed to the Wagner Act as providing a remedy. Employes had a right to strike, he said, but not the right to seize the plant. Apart from any acts of sabotage, which are the history of sitdowns, the court declared the seizure and holding of buildings was in itself illegal. Dissenting, Justices Black and Reed held that both labor and management had erred grievously; that it Is the function of the Labor Board "to determine the adjustment most conducive to industrial peace." They upheld the board. THE ABSON URGE IX C H I L D R E N Arson tendencies which manifest themselves in children have been run down by a New York woman psychiatrist. Speaking before the American Orthopsychiatric Society, Dr. Helen Yarnell of Bellevue Hospital said studios of children who start fires reveal that many of them live In "fantasy worlds," where they are beset by red devils, ghosts and skeletons and other things that terrorize them. Some, said Dr. Yarnell, including those who have had no religious training, display reasoning "startlingly Hke Biblical teachings," which impels them to seek to destroy and "purify" bad things by fire. The striking fact to Dr. Yarnell is that though few of the children studied have had much religious training and, more remarkable, cannot tell a single story from the Bible, they show reasoning which is startllngly like Biblical teachings. They all have the devil fantasies and many express the belief they were told to act as they did by the devil. Like in the stories the child Bible student learns, they are led to believe in the purification process of fire. The doctor does not explain the cause back of the phenomenon. -DEWEY'S STAR MO?/XTS HIGHER It may be a long time before prison gates close behind James J. Hines, but there can be no doubt that the-political fortunes of Thomas E. Dewey have been greatly enhanced by conviction of the Tammany leader on charges of consorting with gangsters in the New York policy racket by which the people were robbed of $20,000,000 annually.' The verdict of the jury finding Hines guilty on all of 13 counts on which he stood indicted will probably be fought through to the last ditch. But regardless of the final outcome Dewey stands out in bold relief for his brilliant conduct of the prosecution. The victory is the greatest of his career. Whether the Is'ew York district attorney will be the He- publican standard bearer in the coming presidential elce- fion is for the future to determine. What tile ]olitlcians will have to remember is that he has a strong hold on the public fancy. And that means votes. Today he tops the list of suggested Republican possibilities for the presidential nomination. *EAR EASTERN PICTURE CHANGES Events of the past week should give Herr Hitler something about which to worry. They indicate all is not rosy for the dictator just outside his borders. While Hungary was smashing the Nazi movement-dissolving the party and arresting its leaders--popular feel- ing'in Poland against Der Fuehrer was manifesting itself by wild student outbursts and attacks on the German embassy at Warsaw. The Polish government disavows the attacks. But it must reckon with an aroused public. Not only students but their supporters have been driven to a high state of in- "dignation by Nazi tactics at Danzig against Polish students, who were classed with "dogs." These outbreaks of hostility against the Nazis may materially affect Hitler's drive toward the East--into the Ukraine. STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Barl L. Douglass, D. D. NEGATIVES HAVE Up in the Allegheny Mountains on a road which has probably often been mistaken for the road to a certain good-sized town, one can see painted in large letters this sign: "This is the wrong road to M ." Roads are not very generally Â·marked that way. The usual custom is to indicate the road to a certain place and tell the.num- ber of miles. But this sign, which everybody knows in that part of the country, says, "This is the wrong road to M ." So many have traveled that' road and been turned back sputtering and impatient that some wise farmer decided to put up the sign telling people they were on the wrong road. As a matter THEIR PLACE of fact it is not a bad idea after all, nor is it new or original. Such Mgns appeal all along the highway of life. "This is the wrong way to success. ._. This is the wrong way to friendship. ... This is the wi ong way .to health . . . This is the wrong way to happiness, . ." The good Lord and the experience of His wite ch:ldien have caused these signi to be set up, and happy are we if. we heed them. Life does not consist entirely, or piiinarily lor that matter, in negatives, but negatives have their place in training our souls. We need to have wrong roads pointed out to us and we need to stand thoughtfully before, their warning. What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON', Feb. C7.~Rcprc-i icntaUvc Mcivin J. Mans oj Mlnne-i a *sv5 Consre^s \%on't Ia*t thru* | weeks the ncx*. lime the UnU^tS RCIS ' into a war--"we'll have a dictator- j ship. And the dlcuionh.p will end j with the war," Maim ndd. The MinnMo'.an's forrcau o! a d i 4 - J tutorship's cjUtbilshrncm eojrscidertTal- | iy with America** entrance into D.cj next war looks probable c Mr. Mitas so t.urc t h u t the dj ship will end \vLcn the war docs? A dictator, once installed, generally ivus. a tendency to hung on M long as he t-an maintain himself. I think, self, thai this country would be inclined than Germany, Iiajy or iome ' of our southern i-siin s-0-calJcd re- ' publics la submit to prolonged totals- j tarian rule. Kcverlhciws, Â« n dicta-" ;or, actually intrenched in the White House, might be difttcult to chslodgc without some firework?. ; Up to the Man. i Of course the uppoel: temporary dictator's personality would signify importantly in the equal ton., If he happened to be a \ery gentle, j self-a ten ex a tin ft individual he might j surrender power quite readily. B u t ; there aren't many of that kind of-pcr- | somiUUcs. The aver.igL- orÂ»e, with lhÂ«i best motives in the uorld, ,s apt to think that he ought to slick on tho job y r i pas.^ his authority mi down to his progeny, for whdt her conceives to be the- greatest good lo the greatest number. The morn] to the lirst clause of Representative IMaas' prophecy ap- pcais to be that the Noilh S'.ar statesman pietty likely is right. And the moral to the second clause is that its accuracy is exceedingly doubtful. Hence we'd better not permit it lo be tested. Otherwise we may have a r.nsty task getting rid of a dictatorship. In this connection, a Republican congressional committee under the chairmanship of Representative Jesse r. Wolcot', of Michigan is investigating the "emergency powers" voted by the Capitol Hill to the White House to combat depression condition 6, Congressional investigating committees arc very common, but ordinarily they're bi-partisan. This is an exclusively Kepublican committee created especially lo poke into the doings of a predominantly Democratic Congress in the direction of making a dictator out of a Democratic White House tenant. N.iturally it's going to be one-sided. The public will have to draw its own ton elusions. Nevertheless; A Li-partisan rcpoit couldn't have much pungency. Not with the Democratic membership in an overwhelming majority. But ihis committee is going to prefer an indictment. ' If will be disputed. Never^- thelcss it will have "kick," It won't be a flat acquittal, with an unconvincing minoiity report. The Lesson of 1938. Â· Nobody would care a njckel'b worth Cor the Republican committee's findings if it hadn't been for the semi- trend Repubhcanward in 1938. Those hints impress politicians. Folks don't want a dictatorship. They don't like the war talk of Chairman Key Pittman of the Senate Foreign Aflairs Committee end they don't believe in Representative \ Maas* temporary prospect, either. In shor", war's an unpopular notion, It can be stirred up, however. Resuifs of Babson Chain Store Survey Economist Sayi People Demand an Impartial Study of Chains. Bj- ROGER W. BABSON" j dence 1 h;uc seen," wrote a well- UABSON PARK, MUM , Feb. 28.-- ; informed man. Â·Â·mi-lines me to believe Amrr.cw -.vanta chain stores to rUy , th/Â»t thtt chains are not more efficient in buxlnrs*! This is the Ltmclusion ;.."-'! do of the majority of people who wrote (HJ. He meant that retail price: NEWS / THE NEWS By PAUlMALLON WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.--Physics I so small last year that it had little books say (according to a popular to disti-imile or undistribute. Any advertisement) that Niagara Falls' move i'1 that direction now would would be absolutely silent if theie seem to promote the build-up of the were no one near enough to hear it. changed Mr. Hupkins for the 1940 Under the same reckoning Harry nomination. Better wait until next Hopkins did not make that Iowa year and he may change some more, speech, and especially did not h i n t , The prospects for repeal therefore It would be a nice move for Congress j do not appear encouraging. to repeal the two and one-half per I cent undistributed profits tax. As Chance of an American pope being far as congressional leaders are con- i chosen is considered at exactly zero cerm'd, the reformed Mr. Hopkins, j by competent consultable authorities, and Mr. Morgenthau who said the I The Pope, in addition to being vicar same thing earlier, are a couple of j of the church, is also bishop of Rome. Niagara Falls, very, very far away. The silence which the suggestion met in Congress was based upon varied but conclusive reasons, including: Politically t h e Administration would not gain anything now; the time to do !l would be in the spring of 1940 just before the national convention to nominate a presidential candidate. Business is not even kicking about the tax yet; its profits were Sidelight* Roy A. Speck of Washington, Pa., a veteran of 11 years service in the Highway Department, yesterday became superintendent of maintenance for the department in Washington county. He was assistant superintendent at the time Governor Earle began his many shifts, having worked his way up through timekeeper and foreman. Speck served in France with the 28th Division. He has been in the National Guard for 15 years, holding the rank of first lieutenant at this time. Frjnels Marion Semans was a member ot a pioneer Fayette county family. There was something of a correlation between .this man who passes at three score and ten arid the county of his . nativity and life's cfTorU. County and man knew both no 1 . m.ikc itcv total snVmg | !hc hci ettU and depths b He meant that retail prices maintained solid, sound to but ever oundation to me In arjwer to my requcit (or ' might be lower, but sr.vir.gs to the ' Â°* character and stability. The man . L-or^sumer were ilr.iply loiten away om tr-.c farmer and manufacturer) tind th.Â»; tiieir sociitl coht is enormous readerV opinion*. The score For chains, 59 rw?r cent; a chains, 30 jx-r cent; neutral, 1! per cent. Hundreds ot Utter* lave btcn without economic compensation." sc:-.t to me. They represented nil of public opinion--rnsnu.'ac- , Majority I'avor Regulation. Thtic who Jo oppose the chains iurtrs. fjrmtn. lak-rroen, ir,drp-nd- , sfrm la be Li n position to know the Â·-jÂ«5t store ownors, chain store cm-' l.urrliasinit policies the chains. waÂ£e-e,im?rÂ«, white-collar "Their denunciation \\ t.s almost vio- workers, homÂ«wlvef, nr.d student. the chains nre mos ' IK.!. ' :h- This group believes that for started out in life with the strong Inheritance of strong character which was made fixed and stable by the early training of father and mother of strong character. Both county and man knew reverses and adversities but, as so often occurs, man, whose years are limited by inexorable time, cannot in space allotted overcome buffotings as can the , popular in New Ensland, the .Middle , intist ix- brokt-n tip. Even some of j - i Atlantic St-itÂ« and the PaciSc Coast.' thoÂ« who favor the multiple storei' The Sou'.h (about six lo four In favor believe that stronj iiiid effective rcju- of tho rhjiirjl and the Southwest i la'-ion should be imposed to make Cnir.c to ten aailns.1 thtm) uro the sure the chains play fair and to pro- two areas where "unli-chslnlsm" is, v ent them from sair.ine too much of democracy the chains ! geographical unit of which he is a th" strongest. Ii Interesting to i power. r.oie that Representative Pitman, who j -" is sponsoring the chein store tax bill, i Â»o- n IP from the Southv-est. Mo*t Groupj Favor Chain*. The clean, progressive stores appeal to the housewives. Low prices appeal As f.ir as Ihe Patman BUI. up bc- the prejenl ConKress, is con- rd. rcadsra unaniir-.ously wrote: Congress should not kill the chains. Any Ux-to-kill legislation thould come from the people--by public to the wage-earners and white-collar workers. Even In the South and Southwest, consumers arc strong for chain.'-. Neutrally, independent s'.ore- ov.-nurs protest against "unfair competition" although many admitted the chain* had been beneficial. Chain store employes reflect little dlsatis- lActjon, although many undoubtedly do not daro to write too frankly. Students, not having seen the transformation from independent to chain, cannot understand what sli the complaining is about. Biggest group against the chums are small manufacturers. They say the chains "chisel" ruthlessly in their '_ I referendum--not from Congress! Tne present system of tuxing the i chains is not the correct solution of ! the problem. Of this. I am sure-- 1 and so were the majority of my cor- 1 respondents. Do .Vot Kill Chains. My own conclusion Is that the chtiini are n big ascst In many ways. They mi- to distribution what the machine is to production. We do not w.-,nt to kill them. However, a complete impartial study should be made. Tins study will show to what extent the economic assets of the chains offset their social faults and how these social faults can best be eliminated or reduced. pnrL Frank Scmans-, as he was known to those witfi whom he was associated, believed In the county and its resources; worked indefatigably to do his part in making it a greater county. His friends believed In him. He faced adversities with, n smile and a courage, backed by character and integrity, that have downed less strong men. With this courage and smile he battled until time had overbalanced the scales and health gave way. Frank Semans passes, sincerely mourned by those who knew him well -- Uniontown Herald. Choice of an American would therefore have some side aspects like choosing an Italian to be archbishop Â· of New York. Furthermore, 34 of the 62 cardinals participating arc Italian. Many authorities are prepared for a surprise, but not such an illogical surprise as that. If a non-Italian is named he might be Cardinal Seredi, primate of Hungary, a Benedictine, whose order has not been represented in the papacy for several hundred years. However, the surprise is for more likely to be Cardinal Delia Costa, archbishop of Florence, a brilliant man, who has had the single misfortune of bejng approved by the Fascist press. Another not mentioned Continued on Pajge Eight As Others Think ACADEMIC FREEDOM (New York Times.) At the yearly February meeting of Yale graduates in New Haven President Seymour reiterated the policy of freedom of teaching that prevails in the university. In the selection of its members no quesflo" of their opinions is raised. They are not chosen or rejectee" for their "conservatism," "liberalism," or ""radicalism." They are accepted "because of qualities which will enable them to translate into active operation the principles of teaching and scholarship." No influence to arrive at a particular judgment is exerted upon them. They are free to follow their own thought and to express it. Without thi guarantee of such freedom there could be no scientific inquiry into any subject or unbiased teaching of it. Such inquiry and such teaching are indispensable. Otherwise the" student would be def j'auded of honest instruction and his in- tellecual- life would hardly 'begin or would 'be retarded.-:-All-this is br ought to be commonplace now, but cases of the suppression- of 'academic freedom still occur, and many oTus can remember .when'large groups of graduates and outsiders would raise a mighty howl against a professor- of political economy who dared even to doubt the holiness of a protective tariff. There are still persons who eem to think that a professor should, ike an ea:y-going politician, never be guilty of an unpopular opinion.* Â· Mental narrowness, . Intolerance, zeal to choke somebody else's-belief or theory are out of place.in an-!n- ititution of learning. A university ihould be a sanctuary of intellectual freedom. ' , Â· Â· -/ ; - Facfographs Horses are being replaced in United Slates cEvalry units by motorcycles with light machine guns attached to the handlebais. buying. One manufacturer summed it up by seylng, "I doubt If chains have cut costs 10 per cent. But If they have they hove taken it out ot the hide of a highly-exploited group of so-called 'store managers' on the distribution side and a highly- exploited group of small suppliers on the production side." Major Criticism. After the hundreds of letters were. digested the major criticism of. the I chains boiled down to the manu-1 A P I a facturers' charge of "chiseling." This,' A Irlsnd u ono ^'"uns 0 of course, is a grave charge and if Whatever burdens yours to not eliminated the chains could be Xa by Ed^arVuestSj,] QUATRAINS Happiness. That thing called happiness which we So feverishly pursue DependH on what we try to be And what uc Ofire to (lo. condemned on it alone. The Robinson-Patman Act is aimed a this practice. Chains must pay the same price as any other customer except where the manufacturer can prove actual savings in selling costs, because of quantity purchase. As far as I know the Government has, not been very vigorous in enforcing this act. Some of the more flagrant chaift buying abuses, such as secret tebates, brokerage, "breakage," etc., have been stopped, but judging from letters from manufacturers, the "chiseling" problem is not yet solved. Many manufacturers blame their own fraternity for this practice as much as they blame the chain stores. Certainly, I agree that makers of goods should not have a double price distinction rattier n!co-Helps -without givtnjl flood advice. * * * Good Nov. 1 ,, Print them in letters lante and bold For they arc -words oÂ£ puro dollRht, When evening comes and man is told: "My dear, we re stnMnR home tonight!' # * * Life am! Dentil, Remember when you're licnvy tasked 'Tis nroof that stil! you live. Dead men by none are ever nskcd To .serve or lend or give. Choosing Your Fate By LEO L. CARROLL It fate so wills, then you will die; You have often heard H said, So fate must blind a driver's eye When the light ahead Is red I Household decorators advise building a whole room's decorative scheme around one handsome painting. standard: 1. A uniform price for their nat- i ,, fate decr( . ra Ulot you shouw ,,,,,, lonally-branded goods to all retailers, Then for caution there's no need: including chains. You simply pass all dangers by 2. A lower price lor non-branded i goods ot the same quality to the chains only. Buying Crux of Problem. The price paid for goods by the chains seems to be the crux of the whole problem. As one man put it: "We can' compete with their mer- chandizing activities, their advertising style, their credit plans, deliveries, service and displays. We cannot ' compete with their prices!" Should the chains be broken up to prevent this practice? If they are, will they not turn into cooperatives which would do the same thing? One writer said: "Kill the chains and consumer cooperatives would take their place. The independent will be no better ofl if this happens." The issue is a big one. "What evi- As on in your car you speed. No need to heed tiio crossing When a train is almost' there. For it win not send you tossing If the fates do not declare. There's no para'chute to carry As you ride up in the sky: When the gas is low. Just tarry, For fate won't let you die. No fear to touch an iron hot. For it will not burn you know; Fate will reach toward the spot And cool It's seerlng glow. But 1C you wish to stay alive. Then with your fate don't flirt, As. near destruction, he survives Who has learned to be aleit. For if you beat the speedy train And at the lights won t stop. Fate may save your life again But won't help ou with tbe copl The attention of Mayor Crow and Chief of Police Davis of Uniontown las been called to a little incident at the countyseat. At noon hour Craig C. Cnudill of West Leisenring drove nto town to do some shopping. He round a vacant parking space on Peter street near Gallatin, drove in, got out. But search of his pockets showed he did not have a nickel for the park-o-meter. He stepped into nearest store, asked change for a dime but was told the store itself was short of nickels. He then went to another place and finally got the needed coin. But just as he returned to his ear to drop the nickel he found a patrolman tagging it. Mr. Caudill explained the situation but wns told there was nothing, the olncer could do nbout it, his orders gave him no discretion. Then a visit to the police station and a similar talk with the sergeant brought the Mime result. Nothing could be done, he was told, except pay the dollar fine--which he did. should he not be indignant? Why The entire cost of the Civilian Conservation Corps could bo paid for by the taxes on the brewing industry, President Lawrence F. Brink ot the Yough Brewing ,Corporation said in citing datn Brewers Industrial ot the United Foundation of New York. Tlic Treasury Department s-lunvs expenditures of 328 million dollars for the CCC for the fiscal year of 1838. The brewing industry pays over a million dollars a day in taxes. The president of the reorganized brewery points out that approximately half of the retail cost of the "beverage of moderation" goes for taxes, exclusive of the licenses required. He quoted the brewers industrial foundation thusly: "What beer contributes to the rebuilding of America would Till great volume; over 400 million dollars in taxes every yesr: over 1,000,000 jobs n market for 3,000,000 farm acres of produce. "The brewing industry would like to preserve for itself and the people the many economic benefits it has created in the past five years. Brewers everywhere realize that this is a question bound up with the propel distribution of their mild and wholesome beverage through retail outlet 1 ; whose character will be a credit lo the community. Obviously, the brewers can enforce no laws, Bu they can--and will--cooperate with the local law enforcement authorities. They will cooperate with every group--friend or critic--to the" end that retail beer outlets give no offense to anyone." Stray Thought* By S M. DeHUFF I'd be tickled pink if one of my offspring could display half the number of sports championship trophies : saw in a West Washington avenue home few evenings ago. And from no less authority than her husband, comes word that Mrs. H. -A. Lynch, East Patterson''avenue, never misses reading this corner of The Daily Courier, for which my appreciation is lerewith publicly expressed. Wonder if those countyseat dailies mean to comfort--or just kid--us with their premature headline political appointment and industrial revival pronouncements? I'm told you'll never know just how charitable and church-supporting a people we really are until you've been permitted to read our income tax returns. That recent poll in which twin beds lost out to the double sleeping couch by better than three to one, should prove a body blow to that time-honored public notice--"having left my'bed and board." Two more things I don't like are sausages made out of beef-and over-done laudation heard ~"at most testimonial 'dinners. The'world's full of eating-and-rooming houses that don't display such signs. Let's go to press. DAVIDSON'S We know what you. want--and we have it! All the new "little girl" fashions that are making Spring headlines.. New Suit Frocks $10.95 - "Meet Me at Davidson's"