Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 4, 1976 · Page 88
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July 4, 1976

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 88

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, July 4, 1976
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Page 88
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President Eisenhower and Thomas attend a Washington theater. He terms /fee's White House years the most tranquil and productive-of the century. CONTINUED U.S. responded with the Truman Doctrine and later the Marshal! Plan to help the economic recovery of free Europe. The Marshall Plan, a resounding success, led inevitably to the founding of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The U.S., Canada and 10 Western European natrons agreed that "an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe and North America shall be considered an attack against all." The Communist threat in Europe was not only diminished, it would soon give way to "peaceful coexistence." Along the way, Truman pulled the upset of the century, narrowly defeating highly favored Thomas E. Dewey in the Presidential election of 1948. A year later came the spy'trials, the rise of McCarthy ism, and the outbreak of the Korean War. When the President fired General MacArthur from his Korean command, Truman's popularity dipped to an all-time low from which it would take years to recover. By 1952, the new man of the hour was the national hero Dwight David Eisenhower, who pledged to go to Korea if elected President. He was, he did, and presto!--a Korean armistice. The Eisenhower years that followed were, by and large, the most tranquil, the most productive of the century. We have since come to call them "the good old days." The key to Eisenhower's success lay perhaps in his belief in moderation. He agreed heartily with the philosophy that he who governs best governs least Yet it was the Supreme Court dominated by Eisenhower appointees--the so-called "Warren Court"--that helped to usher in what may well have been the most turbulent period in this century. From then on the pageantry of the recent past becomes.a kaleidoscope of onrushing events and personalities-some good, some bad, some almost, too painful to recall. To name but a few: The Nixon- Kennedy debates, jack and Jackie in the White House, the Peace Corps, the Bay of Pigs, the space race and John Glenn, "Ich bin ein Berliner!," the Beatles, the Cuban missile crisis, Martin Luther King and "I have a dream," escalation in Vietnam, the assassination of JFK, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Gulf of Tonkin incident, "All the Way with LBJ," the "Great Society" and the "War oh Poverty." . What lies ahead? Also: Pope Paul in New York, further escalation in Vietnam, Medicare, Timothy Leary and the rise of the drug cult, the first human heart transplant, the Pueblo incident, the sexual revolution, the assassination of Martin Luther King followed by widespread rioting, the assassination of Robert Kennedy, the Chicago Seven, "Nixon's the One," the Chappaquiddick incident, Neil Armstrong and "a giant leap for mankind," Women's Lib, Earth Day, Charles Manson, growing student riots, Kent State, the Pentagon Papers, Attica, detente, Nixon in Peking, "Four More Years" and Watergate,'Watergate, Watergate. What of the next hundred years? No one can predict the future, of course, but this much we know: in the final analysis, it's all of us working together that will most shape the coming years, and I, for one, am confident the best is yet to come. . Am I an optimist? Indeed, I am. After roaming the world for nearly seven decades, I am convinced more than ever that this is the grandest country on Earth, and whatever we set our minds to, that we can do. Observations Sharing the Bicentennial. There's a special excitement running through our country, and we're feeling the tingle. Though Mobil products didn't light Paul Revere's lantern or lubricate colonial gun carriages, Mobil has been part of America's tradition for 110 of our nation's 200 years. Industrial sinew in the growth of a nation. Hiram Bond Everest, a businessman who had failed twice before, started us out in 1866 in Rochester. N.Y, by going into partnership with carpenter Matthew Ewing in an effort to distill more terosine out of crude oil through a new vacuum process. It didn't work. Instead, it left an oily residue which proved much superior to the lubricants then available. Everest hit the road with a handcart loaded with oyster cans filled with Vacuum Harness Oil. and we were off and running. OH for the lamps of China--that was one of our early contributions to the development of U.S. foreign trade. In the Yankee trading tradition, we sold kerosine lamps cheaply, or even gave them away, to create a Chinese market for tins of kerosine shipped in four-masted clippetships. We lubricated America's first gasoline engines in the 1890s and the car Barney Oldfield drove to a world speed record of 131.72 mph in 1910. We lubricated the Wright Brothers' first airplane and Lindbergh's Spirit of St. Louis. We helped muster the petroleum for two world wars, losing in World War II 437 marine employees and 32 tankers. Serving America, in the decades after World War II, we rebuilt from the wreckage abroad and invested heavily in the U.S., finding more oil and gas, erecting new refineries and chemical plants, and streamlining our ability to anticipate--and meet--our customers' needs for fuels and lubricants. We developed new crude oil sources in the Gujf of Mexico, in Alaska, and in a score of countries, including several in the oil-rich Middle East. Our worldwide network of refineries, pipelines, and tankers kept our customers supplied during the Middle East conflicts of 1956, 1967, and 1973. Today Mobil's diversified energy capabilities add significantly to America's economic and military strength. As the nation enters its third century, we're carrying on the Everest-Ewing tradition. And looking forward to serving a growing America for at least another couple of hundred years. Mobil Observations, Box A, Mobil Oil Corporation, 150 East 42 Street, Now York. N.Y. 10017 c 1976 Mow CW Corporation

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